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The Portland daily press. [volume] (Portland, Me.) 1862-1921, June 25, 1862, Image 1

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PORTLAND DAILY PRESS.
VOL. 1. PORTLAND, ME., WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 25, 1802. NO. 3.
PORTLAND DAILY PRESS,
JOHN T. OILMAN, I
JOSEPH B. HAT.T., I Editors.
It published at No. 81} EXCHANGE STREET,
In FOX BLOCK, by
FOSTER, GILMAN End BALL,
Under the Arm name of
N. A. FOSTER A CO.
T erme:
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ty The Portland Daily and Maine State
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ning, from 7 o'clock in tbo morning to 9 in the
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EF~ Job Printing of every description executed
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fice or paper promptly transacted on application as
above.
[For the Press.]
“The Constitution ns it is, and the Union
as it was.”
There is a party now-a-days actually insist
ing upon “the Constitution as it is, and the
Union as it was.” In Maine this party is rep
resented by the Argus. We shall show that
since the commencement of the present war
this representative of that party has been op
posed to the Constitution as it is; that, it has
rebuked Republicans because they arc in fa
vor of the Constitution as it is; and that fail
ing to change the Constitution, and insert in it
provisions for the extension and perpetuation
of the slaveholding aristocracy, it has urged a
dissolution of the Union. What can we think
of the. honesty or sincerity of such a party, or
it# organ ?
a “V MWWIO wuilUbllLCU MIC HU I IV VI StTTOl*
■ion in South Carolina, the next day after the
election of President in November, I860.—
The ordinance of secession was adopted in that
State, on the 20th of December, 1860. The
slaveholders of that State immediately com
menced preparation for the war by raising
men and money, and actually began the war,
and under the direction of the Governor seized
public property. On the 0th of January, 1861,
the traitors at Charleston tired upon the “Star
of the West,” an unarmed vessel sent out with
supplies for Miyor Anderson. The war was
then ftiily inaugurated. Seven States had se
ceded and the Southern Confederacy had been
formed before the 1st of March. A plan was
concocted among the traitors to waylay Mr.
Lincoln on his way to Washington, and assas
sinate him in Baltimore. War had then been
commenced in the Beven seceding States,
and public property seized, and also in North
Carolina, which had not then seceded. Here
were the. tacts.
Now let us see how the Argus stood. Let us
see how it stood as to the Constitution and the
Union. John Sherman, of Ohio, had said in
Congress: “ If we cannot agree let us tight.”
John J. Perry bad said: “So long as the seces
sionists resist the laws of the country, my
voice is for war.” On the 25th of January,
1861, four weeks after the traitors commenced
the war in South Carolina, the Argus quoted
these two sentences and said: “How boyish
that sounds: how weak and contemptible.” It
then suggests a dissolution of the Union, an<>
quotes the language of Abram to Lot:—
“And then was strife between the herdmen of
Abram's cattle, and the herdmen of Ix>t's cattle —
And Abram said anto Lot, Lrt thrrr br no itritr, l
pray thrr brttrrm mr and thrr, and between’ my
herdmeu and thy herdmen, for m br brethrrn. fs
not the whole land befon thee? Separate thyself, 1
pray thee, from me. If thou wilt take the left band,
1 will go the right; or, if thou depart to the right
hand, then I will go to the left."
The Argus proceeds to comment:—
“Perhaps this way of settling a quarrel in a rude
age may not be considered of much sccmint bv tlic
relined and Christian statesmen of the Republican
party and their followers; yet, at the risk of incur
ring tlieir disapprobation and unfavorable criticism,
we modestly submit that the mode of adjusting dis
putes proposed by Abram is more worthy of a states
man, Christ'an and patriot, than that proposed by
Messrs. Sherman and Perry."
South Carolina had undertaken to secede,
was then resisting the laws, had fired upon
the “Star of the West,” and was waging dead
ly war upon the nation. Mr. Perry declared
that so long as the secessionists resisted the
laws by the red hand of war, he would oppose
them by force; by a war in defence of the laws.
Hereupon the Argus objects, suggests a sepa
ration, and quotes the language of Abram to
—'' WWW W.v ••• y MIC VUHflimr
Mon <t* it in t In what article does the Argus
find any authority in the national government
to allow insurrectionists to triumph, to over
throw the power of the United .Slates, or to
consent to a division of the Union ? How
could the AiTgus be in favor of the old Union,
seeing it proposed to surrender to traitors,
give up that Union,and consent to a division ?
In the Advertiser appeared the following:—
‘The Republican* are ready to iteelare their pn*i
t on and make it distinctly understood by every mmi
who baa the rapacity and will to understand' plain
Knalish. Wc betievo in the Constitution under
which we live Just as it is, trithnut alteration vr
amendment
In commenting on this, on the 6th of April,
1861, the Argus said:—
”Thi* him been the position of the Abolition lead
ers from the first. This has been the position of
Wade, of Wilson, of Hale, all the way along. They
are opposed to all amendments of the Constitu
tion.'r * * • ‘ There is no mistaking the moaning
of this proposition; there is no mistaking its political
significance. It is opposed to all conc4‘M'ioiis, to all
compromises, to all guarantee* that will satisfy the
border States.” • • • “Doc* anybody need to
ask, ‘What is to be the inevitable cousequence of this
policy?’ 8ix weeks would not elapse before every
slave State would be out of the Union, and President
Lincoln would either be a fugitive from Washington,
or would have bis headquarter* in the midst of a
foreign country. It has been only the hope that the
free States would accord those reasonable guarantees
demanded by those border State* that has thus long
kept them In the Union.”
The Argus is no prophet. More than a year
ha* elapsed; no change has been made in the
Coastitution; yet four of the Slave States
have not seceded.
In April, 1861, the Advertiser declared in
favor of the Constitution as it is. The Argus
called Wade, Wilson and Hale, distinguished
Republicans, “abolition leaders,” and admitted
that they were in favor of the Constitution as
it stood, that such bail been their position all
the way along, that they were opposed to all
amendments of the Constitution. The Argus
complained of them on that ground; and
urged that unless new gu&rrantees in favor of
slavery were put into the Constitution, all of
the Slave States would go out of the Union,
and that President Lincoln would be driven
from Washington and become an exile. Was
the Argus then in favor of the Constitution
as it stands ?
During the months of January and Febru
ary, 1801, a political liody met at Washington,
over which John Tyler, the traitor, presided,
called the Peace Congress. They submitted
propositions of compromise to Congress, in
volving a change of the Constitution in favor
of the slave-holding aristocracy. John J. Crifc
ttenden submitted another scheme involving
a change of the Constitution in favor of the
slave-holders. Various other schemes of com
promise were proposed in Congress, every one
of them involving a change of the Constitu
tion against the principles of freedom, and in
favor of the aristocracy of slave-holders.
Was the Argus then in favor of the Consti
tution as it stands? No! No! No! It was in
favor of the changes in the Constitution, in
fiivor of the slave-holders’compromise propos
ed by Mr. Crittenden. Many times did it urge
that scheme of iniquity in (avor of the aristoc
racy in opposition to the people. Failing in
that, it was still opposed to the Constitution ns
it stood and in favor of any scheme that was
proposed for changing the Constitution to ben
efit the slave-holders at the expense of the
people. When the President made his call for
75,000 men to maintain the laws and suppress
the rebellion, the Argus was opposed to it.—
The editor said on the next day:
"It i, sickening to think of the prospect that bris
tles all over with horrors. We have been opposed to
tliis policy from the beginning. Wc do not, wc can
not believe in it nowr.”
Instead of vigorous efforts to suppress the
Insurrection of traitors, who had driven Miy.
Anderson and his comrades out of Fort Sum
ter, the Argus was desirous of a truce and
consultation with them. If the Northern peo
ple would not consent to make such changes
in the Constitution, as the slave-holders de
manded, then that paper was In favor of a dis
solution of the Union. Here is its language
on the 16th of April, 1801:
“A suspension of hostile movements may doubtless
be obtained on both sides until the people can be di
rectly consulted. And if it shall then appear as the
result, that they will not agree to terms upon which
free and slave states can live together in peace, then
let a peaceful separation be arranged.”
After the slave-holders commenced the pre
sent war, the Argus repeatedly urged upon the
Northern people, during the year 1801, that
they should consent to make such changes in
the Constitution as the slave-holders demand
m urc xiviuivru would noi
consent to do that, it constantly avowed tliat
the Union could not be restored, and Its desire
to agree ujion terms for a peaceful separation.
Such is the paper, and such the party it rep
resents, that now raise the cry of “The Consti
tution as it is, and the Union as it was.” The
Argus is stopped. For more titan thirty years
within my recollection, it lias favored all those
measures tliat have encouraged the slave
holders to commence this war. and so far as I
am able to judge, during all that time it has
been opposed to the Constitution as it is.
J. C. W.
U----- —.
[From our regular Correspondent.]
Letter from the Backwoods ol Maine,
No. 1, trom Kineo to Katahdn.
Dear Press:—After a fatiguing ride of
sixty miles, from Bangor to Moosehead, one
hardly feels in the humor of appreciating scen
ery however tine it may lie. And yet the
beauty of the Lake, as it breaks ujion the
sight, and the charming village on its southern
shore, never (ail to refresh the tired tourist
and give promise of approaching rest.
The village of Greenville would be called
by the Gazetteers “a small collection of houses
at the foot of the lake, the inhabitants support
ing themselves principally by traffic in the
winter and autumn with the lumbermen; in
the summer months by entertaining and guid
ing visitors. There arc in the place two hotels
and one half, two or three stores, a small
church, as well as one steamlsiat which docs
go, and two which do not.” But as it is not
my purpose to supply material for any Gazet
teer now published or projected,It will be per
haps better to turn at once from statistics to
the notabilities of the town, chief among
whom stands the veteran Indian guide,'Louis
Annance. He is a venerable old man who
still liears up well under the burden of many
years of hard work, for like others of his race
he will sooner break than bend. A graduate
of Dartmouth College, he studied Divinity for
a year or two, in order to become a minister
among his tribe; but as he says, “they and I
gave it up because I had too much Indian in
me and too little priest!” And as he found
ready employment in his capacity of guide, lie
gave up all thoughts of becoming a pastor and
has lived at the foot of Moosehead ever since.
The failing strength of Louis has prevented
j him, for a couple years, from taking an active
part in the labors on the lake, but last summer
he was induced to act as guide to an English
nobleman, who was desirous of [Kissing through
Northern Maine. I remember having seen,
last Almost-in a deserted cabin on Enisle Inina
the names of tins party who had passed the
night in the house three weeks before. The
names of Viscount Milton and his surgeon and
guides were written in charcoal on one of the
highest beams, while underneath was a char
coal sketch of the canoes, which had evidently
liecn made by Louis. Our party, determined
not to lie outshone by even a nobleman and
his suite, recorded our names in another part
of the dwelling, even more conspicuously.—
But how ephemeral is fame! Tills Spring I
passed along the same lwnk of the Lake and
looked in vain for that which was to be our
enduring monument. The old shanty had
been burned to the ground some time before,
and only a few half-melted liottles and a tin
can remained to indicate that it had ever been
anything more than an alioriginal aliodc. A
single remark more about the English Lord
will end this digression. Louis says, and Louis
came pretty near Incoming a priest you know1,
that Viscount Milton was desirous of going in
a canoe over the swift Allegash rapids.—
Louis demurred, but to no purpose. And, as
i a very natural consequence, in alsiut five mln
j utes more the aforesaid Viscount might have
| been seen wading towards tin* short1 in alaiut
| four feet of strong amt swift water. To go
back for a moment to Louis A nuance. That
summer visitor who passes through Greenville
and forgets to sec him, will lose much pleasure,
for Louis is quite coramunitatlve and agreeably
so. But when you go down the west road to
his little house, please hike a tolerably large
stick unless you have a winning way with big
dogs.
< )ld Ellis is well-known to your readers al
ready flow llie charming communications of
Thoreau. The carefulness of Old Ellis and his
Munchausen-like narrations, ensure him many
(Nitrons during the summer. Bowley, Hume,
the Messrs. Barrows, are all good men, but as
our letters were to commence from Mt. Kinco,
In the centre of the lake, it is highly important
for us to drop, fqr the present, the subject of
guides, and find our way to the Mountain.—
This involves the use of a nice little steamer,
Fairy' of the Lake, and leads us to speak of
her captain, who Is also landlord of the Eveleth
House. Capt. Robinson is a small-sized man,
with quick black eyes, and an easy, but ever
present care for his guests. You remember
the old proverb, about its requiring an exceed
ingly capable man to conduct a house of pub
lic entertainment (may be I have n't hit just the
phraseology, but no matter). Capt. R. is just
the man. He is of French extraction, if we
can judge by his aceent, and by his having so
many pleasant French ways of making a per
son comfortable and at home. And he is just
so on board the boat, a little side-wheel steam
er of five feet draught. While the Fairy is being
swung into the roads, let me have a single
word with those who are patient enough to
read these letters. Coming from the wood
land camps, as these lines will,* they will be
more like unconnected threads than like a
woven web; but to those who have seen the
little leisure of woods life, I need offer no apol
ogy for such an unfinished fabric. To those
who are not very conversant with life in the
woods, I can only say, that if these threads
shall lead them through new and pleasant
places, I shall be well satisfied.
As we round towards the north, we have
brought before us a rough shaggy pile of hills,
known here as Squaw Mountain. One of the
eminences quite overtops the rest, but ever to
the very summit we can sec an unbroken spruce
and pine forest, indicating that the mountain
is massive rather than high. It seems to me
that an artist could not pass the deep cove on
the east side of the mountain, without desiring
to transfer the beauty to canvass. There is, if
I may say so, a perfect example of that point,
on the aesthetic scale, l>etween beauty and sub
limity. The other elevations in the immediate
vicinity are much lower; and, although they
all contribute to the general beautiful effect, no
hill on the west side is particularly worthy of
mention. On the other hand, we have In the
distance two mountains quite striking in tlicir
appearance. They arc called the Spences
Mountains, and overhang Spence's Bay. We
got the finest view of these as we pass the
strait between the two larger islands, and,
from this point, the higher (>eak is very much
like Chocorua, though not so much broken,
while the other resembles Mount Kearsage,
near Fryeburg.
There are one. or two farms along the shores
of the lake, ond at one of these we stopped
long enough for some cattle to be driven on
lsiard a scow which we had in tow. A very
laughable scene ensued. Of course the oxen
were disposed to hold liack, being somewhat
in fear of being sea-sick, or else thinking with
that sainted lady that" the water wasn't half as
safe even as an island.” Planks were laid down
anil a little straw thrown on them, but no, the
oxen saw through that too caaily. Then one
very ingenious and benovotmtsIndividual sug
gested leading them <m by bag, ami to show
his good nature he put the plan in practice
himself. He held out a handful of hay to one
ox and then the other, till at last one of the
creatures without any perceptible effect made
a sudden grab at his fingers, which caused him
to step liack so quickly that he nearly fell into
the water. He retired. Various expedients
were resorted to, until three or four strong
men actually pushed the oxen over the gang
way-plank into the scow. I believe everybody
hist their patience at the delay, except those
who laughed, and Captain Robinson. He mere
ly said: " It is very good that we did not stop
all (Lay and take more oxens." After tills de
lay we were all glad to have a fine view of the
strange central mountain of the lake. Mount
Kineo. Truly it is a very singular eminence,
with its long crown and suddenly descending
front. At this point we can see not only the
commencement of our tour, but its probable
terminus, also. For in the smoky haze of the
East we can catch a glimpse of the snow-white
peak of Mount Katahdin, which we hope to
reach after our roundaliout journey. May it
be a pleasant one, this, from Kineo to Katah
din.' G.
Correspondence from the Canp.
Fwtor of the Portland Press.—En
closed you will find some extracts from a pri
vate letter just received from one of the officers
of the Second Maine Battery. The letter was
not designed for publication, but I think it will
be interesting to your readers generally. X.
Manassas Junction, June 20, 1802.
Dear-:—I am lying upon the ground
writing upon the top of an old stove, which I
have fitted up for a writing desk.
What to tell you or how to commence I
scarcely know. I could write all day and then
not inform yon of all our lottery has been
through since I wrote you at Fredericksburg,
where we were expecting orders to move in
the direction of Richmond.
The bridges across the Rappahannock were
finished and a month ago we were all ready to
start. The defeat of Gen. Banks reached our
army, and immediately we were ordered to Al
exandria to be ready to defend the Capitol. It
was Sabbath morning as we commenced our
march for Washington. I preached to the men
in the afternoon.
While on our way, having marched two days
an orderly met us bringing dispatches from
headquarters to march to Manassas Junction.
We arrived here the Thursday following and
rested one day. We were obliged to leave
Ilcnry Lovell at Manassas. He was very un
well. He bore up nobly and was anxious to
go with us and take his chance with the bat
tery in the time of danger, but he could proceed
no further.
We had a hard time on the road. We slept
in the fields and by the roadside. Our clothes
were often drenched by the falling rain. It
was a forced march—and early and late we
were on the road. When we arrived at Manas
sas we received orders to march to Front Roy
al. We started early Friday morning, crossed
the mountains and entered Front Royal at two
o’clock the Sunday following. Our men were
fairly lieatcn out,fatigued and fairly exhausted.
Some fell off their horses crossing the moun
tains. We had as much as we coulddotokeep
our men awake to drive our horses which took
our guns to Front Royal. Often I found my
self going to sleep on my horse. I tried to get
a place to sleep at Front Royal. I could find
none; it rained in torrents and I crept under a
wagon, and soon was as soundly asleep as if I
had been in a goo 1 bed at Portland. At day
light I was up and looking after the men anil
horses anil trying to find something for them
to eat. I thought we should have one day’s
rest at least, before we proceeded any further.
It was Sunday—the sun was shining beautiful
ly, and I thought of my friends in Maine, but
there was no Sunday for us at Front Royal.
I was intending to hold a prayer meeting in
the woods near the camp of the first Maine
Cavalry, but about 9 o’clock the sound of guns
at a distance aroused the Camp; soon they be
came more distinct and frequent.
We listened attentively and a heavy cannon
ailing was heard. The report came that Gen
eral Shields was attacking Jackson. We were
ordered to harness and be ready to move. Soon
the whole army was in motion.
Troops poured into Front Royal in every di
rection : wherever we looked we saw columns
of troops moving down the sides of the moun
tains; they came like the soldiers of Napoleon
crossing the Alps. They crossed the Shenan
doah and pressed on to the conflict. The sol
diers arc excited and eager to fight. Order
lies are seen galloping in every direction. At
noon we hear the enemy is flying, he is retreat
ing to Strasburgh. The chief of Artillery came
galloping to our division for two sections of the
Second Maine Battery to pursue Jackson to
Strasburg. The Cavalry of Bayard's brigade
was in the advance; we must overtake it, to
act in concert.
The right section commanded bymysclf,and
the left by Lieut. Fessenden were selected, the
whole commanded by Captain Hall. We wait
ed for nothing but put our horses into a run
wc left for Strasburg. We found smoking
waggons on the route burned by the enemy in
his retreat.
We overtook two companies of Infantry,
called the “Bucktails,” who were to support
our battery. We passed them and at 4 o’clock
we came up to General Bayards brigade near
Strasburg—they were (ailing back the enemy
were too strong for them.
One tiling we were certain of, fall lock and
we lose our guns; the goads were bad and up
hill. We could not retreat; better fight and
lose them if overpowered than to lose them on
the retreat. We made up our minds if we were
beaten and our guns captured togo with them;
not a man should desert his post. The enemy
fired shell at us, we planted our guns iu battery
and waited for daylight. The next morning
we crossed the Shenandoah again and entered
Strasburg, the enemy fled Indore us. We pass
ed a battery when it was reported the night
before the enemy had planted thirty guns. Gal
loping tiirough Strasburg one of the guns lie
(•ainn H'walilorl on nnnonnt thn L-i»r»
an axletree; one wheel eame off ami the gun
laid useless in the road.
There was no time to mend it even if we
hail the means which we had not. X was want
ed in the front; heavy cannonading was heard
not far in our advance. X never had been
taught how to leave my gun in an enemy’s
country; toordermy men to tear down a fence,
disconnect the front, wheels of a threshing ma
chine and lush ray gun on by means of the
tongue, was but the work of a moment Hur
rying to the front the army of General Fremont
was seen approaching ; they had entered
Strasburg in another direction. The Muinc
boys cheered, and Fremont's men cheered, and
the pursuit was kept up.
We met a large number of prisoners taken
from the rear guard of Jackson’s army—they
were sent to Straslmrg. We saw the dead,
l»th friend and foe lying together by the road
side. At night we encamped near Woodstock,
and early the next morning, we left again and
pursued Jackson to Mount Jackson; here he
burned the bridge and prevented our army
from crossing. The river being swollen on ac
count of the rain we could not lay the bridge
successfully until the second day. Two sec
tions of our battery crossed the bridge before
any other artillery—we led the advance. Gen
eral Fremont's chief of artillery paid us a great
compliment—if we were in the rear of any of
the batteries in Fremont’s army, he halted
them and we were called to the front.
At fourteen hundred yards we knocked the
carbine out of the hands of a scout and took
the coat off of another. The Chief of Artillery
clapped his hands and said it was a splendid
shot. We gained the reputation of being good
artillerymen in the army ofGen. Fremont. We
were frequently brought into battery in pres
ence of the General. Our horses now com
menced to give out, run at full speed for sev
eral days, bare-footed, many of them, without
grain subsisting upon a scanty supply of grass,
they commenced to exhibit the marks of hard
usage. Near Harrisonburg we had a skirmish
and, it is reported, Gen. Ashby fell. I talked
with many of Jackson's men, who were taken
prisoners and they all reported the death of
Ashby. The people in the valley of the Shen
andoah, all felt sad when they heard the news;
he was considered one of Jackson’s best of
ficers.
At Harrisonburg we rested all day, and on
Sunday morning we commenced the pursuit
again. At Cross Keys the enemy made a
stand—the battle commenced at 11 o'clock,
and was kept up furiously until 4 or 5 o'clock,
when the left wing of our army retired a short
distance. Cannonading was kept up until
dark, and both armies slept on the Held of bat
tle. The next morning we formed and pur
sued the enemy who (led in the direction of
I’ort Republic leaving his dead unburied.
We saw the effect of our Are in the woods;
trees were scattered in every direction; the
dead lay along the road, both rebel and Fede
ral soldier slept Uislastsleep and died unnotieed
and alone. My heart was moved within me.
I realized that every man I saw had some fond
friend who eared for him and who perhaps is
even now anxiously waiting his return. I said,
God grant this unhappy contest be brought to
a speedy close. We halted for a few moments
near a church which stood in the woods. That
church was tilled with dead and dying soldiers;
they were suAering terribly, legs lay about,
cannon ball and shell had done their work; it
looked like war. I had seen such sights be
fore in tlie Crimea but I turned away deeply
aA'ccted. We had no time for sympathy or
pity—the enemy were near the bridge—Gen.
Shields was at Port Republic. We said he will
destroy the bridge and Jackson and his entire
unny are ours. As we approached Port Re
public, to our astonishment and indignation,
the bridge was there. The cry went up "where
in Shields “where Is McDowell “why is
that bridge then', why was it not destroyed?"
No one answered and Jackson was safe, he
crossed and destroyed tlie bridge. We cannon
aded the bridge and destroyed many of his
men but our whole pursuit was useless now.—
Some one had blundered, it is not for me to
say who played the fool or traitor; in the
words of Tennyson describing the charge of
tlie light brigade at Ilalahara, “some one had
blundered." The friends of those killed at
Crow Keys should demand an enquiry. With
out provisions, our horses falling by the way
side, our men lining the ambulances and strag
gling in the woods and failing exhausted by
the hardships and privations of that long
march, compiled us to retire to Mount Jack
son to wait for the supply train. We fell back
and rested for two days. Last Sunday the or
der came for Gen. Bayard's brigade to march
to Front Royal. We arrived there Tuesday
momingj-tbere we joined the other section of
our battery which was left in charge of Lieut.
Perry. The boys were glad to see us, also
Major Tillson who was not present with us.—
We expected at least one day’s rest but before
we reach the camp we were ordered to Manas
sas. We are now here; our guns came by
rail and our horses are crossing the mountains,
we expect them to-morrow. We are waiting
for our horsee and then we leave. We do not
know where we are going; some thing we are
going to Richmond to join General McClellan,
but it is useless to speculate, everything in
war is “mighty imsartiu.” S. P.
PROSPECTUS
or THE
PORTLAND DAILY PRESS:
EDITED BT
JOHN T. GILMAN, recently of the Bath Times,
and
JOSEPH B. HALL, of the Aroostook Herald.
The Fortlaxd Daily Press in intended to be
an enterprising, vigorous and lire Daily Morning
Paper, containing the latest and ftiUest news by mail
' and telegraph.
THE MAINE STATE PRESS
Is a* large, well-filled, carefully edited, and neatly
printed weekly paper, intended specially for general
circulation throughout the State.
Both of the' above named papers will labor to
inculcate, in no dictatorial spirit, sound political prin
ciples and to promote the material interests of the
State, and of the City of Portland as *l» interests
twine with, aud are inseparable from, those of the
State.
Politically, the Press will give an earnest, cordial,
and generous support to the administration of Abra
ham Lixcolx, who in little more than one year, has
; iudellibly impressed himself upon the nation’s heart
as an incorruptible ’patriot, an inflexible Chief Mag
J istrate, and an honest man; the ability of whose ad
ministration is most signally exhibited, not Jonly in
the matchless operations of our army and navy, but
in the unparalleled fact that, in the midst of this
gigantic rebellion/ our Government securities are
wiling at a premium. It will zealously labor to ox
-- “v |DU,
inasmuch as political organizations have become a
necessity in carrying into effect great principles of
political economy, and inasmuch as ,thc Republican
party which, iu the brief chapter of its history already
written, has successfully refuted the allegation of its
enemies that its designs and tendencies were sec
tional, and triumphantly .vindicated its claim to a
just and liberal Nationality, lias remained steadfast
in its devotion to the Union while other organizations
have so generally become infected with a disloyal
spirit, and inasmuch as it is the only party which at
present seems competent to conserve the great prin
I ciples underlying all free Governments, the Press
will cordially sustain the organization of that party
not with a design to foster a mere partizau spirit, but
i in the full coniciousness that it embodies the true
principles upon which our government rests, and af
fords the only available means of accomplishing such
results as a lofty patriotism imperatively demands.
It will neither seek nor endorse any compromises
with men in rebellion against the laws of the land,
but will inculcate loyalty to the great central idea of
ail true democracy—that the majority must govern.
Upon the exciting question of Domestic Slavery, it
may be proper to say. that while the Press will sanc
tion no interference with the constitutional or legal
rights of loyal men, it will neither ‘apologize for an
evil which constitutes the foulest blot upon our
national character, nor attempt to resist the tide of
events that seems destined to sweep from existence
an institution which is the greatest anomaly in a free
government. The emancipation of slavery in the
federal Capital, the co-operation of the Federal with
the loyal State governments, to secure gradual eman
cipation, as proposed by President Lincoln, and all
other constitutional measures looking to a peaceful
removal of our greatest "moral, political and social
evil," will find iu the Press a generous and hearty
support.
While thus distinctly anuounciug the general course
proposed for the Press, aud inteuding that, alike iu
war aud in peace—in our country’s peril aud in its
triumph, it shall speak with uo uncertain voice, we
do not lose sight of the fret that true men have hon
estly differed, and that, coming by different routes
they now find themselves travelling parallel roads;
and. instead of seeking to widen the differences be
tween those who arc required by a common patriot
ism to act in concert, the Press will labor hopefully
to encourage unity of purpose and harmony of act
ion among all loyal men.
Aside from its political department, the I*ress will
be earnestly devoted to the advancement of the best
interests of the city and State. Its Local Depart
ment will in no case be neglected. Particular atten
tion will be given to the Commercial and Maritime
interests. It will be the aim of its conductors to make
it an indispensable institution of the State, and a ge
nial and welcome visitor in every work-shop, count
ing-house, and family circle. The Editors, not un
known to tbe people of Maine, will give their undivi
ded energies to the work before them, and labor to
make such a paper as the city of Portland, the State
of Maine, and the exigencies of the times demand
one that shall be true to the popular instincts.
The Portland Daily Press is printed with en
tirely new type, on a sheet as large as that of any
daily in Maine, and issued every morning, (Sur
days excepted,) at $5 per annum. Subscriptions for
loss than six months, 50 cents per month.
Tint M u\k Static Pimchr lirim ni'allr nrintixl
and well tilled with the news of the week, and orig
inal and selected Political. Agricultural, Literary and
Miscellaneous reading, making it specially adapted to
the Family Circle, will be issued weekly, at #1.60 per
year, idvariably in advance. To any person sending
the names of jire nnr subacriber*, cash in advance,
an extra copy will be sent gratis.
X. A. Fobtkr. )
J. T. G ilm an, J X. A. Fobtkr k Co., Publishers.
J. 11. Hall. )
Portland. May 19, 1862.
The undersigned cordially approve the enterprise
projected in the foregoing Prospectus, aud earnestly
commend the new paper to the hearty support of the
People of Maine.
May, 1862.
LEON ARD AXDREW8,
SAMl'EL E. SPRING,
NELSON DING LEY, Jr.,
R. S. STEVENS, Republican
N. A. FAR WELL.
S. P. STRICKLAND, State
EUGENE HALE,
R. B. FULLER, Committee.
C. II. B. WOODBURY,
T. HARMON.
E. WOODBURY,
BENJ. KINGSBURY. Jr . 1
C LEMENT PHINNEY, Cumberland Co.
DANIEL ELLIOT,
LUKE BROWN, Rep. Com.
O. G. COOK,
EDWARD L. PICKARI),
JOHN T. HULL,
CHABELS H. OSGOOD,
HENRY L. PAINE,
HENRY P. LORD, Republican
JAMES DOUGHTY,
OHEN RING, City Committoof
WILLIAM GRAY.
JOHN M. STEVENS, Portland.
AUG. F. GERLSH,
FRANCIS E. PRAY,
WM. II. PLUMMER.
rr*It may not be improper to say by way of ex
planation, that the foregoing Prospectus was issued
originally upon short notice, and without giving time
to hear from all the members of the State Committee
—a inajoritg of whom have kindly conmieuded the
new enterprise to the people of the State. This fact
sufficiently explains why other names—held in equal
esteem—are uot appended to the foregoing common
datiou.
JU)TELS._
PREBLE H0U8E, - • PORTLAND, ME.
Sltaated aa C'aagvaaa, eraser «f
Preble Streets.
' THIS ia the largeat Hotel in the State, pns
ftontiiiff all the modern improvenMata, and
j_1 flrat class In every appointment.
TEEMS MODERATE. FOR BOARD BY WEEK
OR DAY.
CHAS. H. ADAMS, Proprietor.
JeS8—3iu
SAGADAHOCK HOUSE,
Alfred Carr, • ' Proprietor,
BATH, MAINE.
; THE City of Bath la one of the healthieat
localities on the coast of Maine—delightftil
1 It situated on the Kennebec, twelve mile.
i from the aea. and afford, one of the moat
Invittug retreat, from the dust and turmoil of oar
large cities.
The Saoadahock. la one of .ic flneat, moat spa
cion,. and beat appointed Hotels in the State, located
within three minute, walk of the Depot, Steanitmat
Landing, Boat office, Custom House, fee., being di
rectly in the business centre of the City.
Ternas Madtrata by Ibe Week .r Day.
Bath, Jnne 23,1862. dtf
AMERICAN HOUSE,
Bo*to», Mam.,
18 the largest and beat arranged Hotel in
the New England State,; Is centrally loca
ted, and easy of acceas from all the route, of
tvel. It contains the modern improve
•uta, and every convenience for the com
fort and accommodation of the travelling public.
The sleeping room, arc large and well ventilated;
the suit, of room, are well arranged, and completely
furnished tor families and Urge travelling parties,
and the house will continue to be kept aa a lint claaa
Hotel in every respect.
LEWIS RICE, Proprietor.
Boston, January, 1862. d'mis
BATH HOTEL,
ft By C. M. PLUMMER.
JMM 3S0. Wash i Soros St., Bath.
%*Terms 81 per day. Stable connected
with house.
Bath, June 23,1832. dtf
DIBIGO EATIHG HOUSE~
No. 7 MILK STREET, - - - PORTLAND, ME.
JOHN ROBINSON, Proprietor.
Every Delicacy or the Season
Served np at all hours.
TURTLE SOUP, TUESDAY AND FRIDAY.
BROOK TROUT a.4 .11 kinds .r CAME
Served to order.
TINE APPLE LEMONADE.
STRAWBERRY LEMONADE.
Z9~ Frog* Served to Order.
•«• Meals to Reui'LAB Hoakukus at Reduced Rates.
Open every Sunday from 8 to 1, and from 2 to &
o'clock. Je28cdtf
Crockery Ware, China,
— AND
GLASS WARE,
AT LOW PRICES.
PLATED WARE,
Castors, Spoons, Forks, Card
and Cake Baskets,
Table Cutlery,
IVORY, HORN, EBONY AND COCOA
HANDLED KNIVES.
KEROSENE OIL AND FLUID.
M UNION STREET,
S. B. WAITE.
Je23—6weod
BLANK ACCOUNT BOOKS!
Manufactured and for Sale by
BAILEY A NOYES,
86 AND 88 EXCHANGE STREET, PORTLAND.
Journals, Ledger*. Invoice, Sale*, Memorandum,
Cash, Record, Dockets, Letter*, Masonic
and Church Collector* Book*.
We make to order everv kind of Blank Book used
by ltauks. Insurance and Railroad Companies. Ho
tels, Steamboats, Factories and Counting Houses.
STATIONERY.
Letter, note, Cap and Record papers. Envelope*—
white and buff, Gold Fens, Steel Fens. fee., ke. Ev
ery article at lowest rate*. Wa Blty for Cash and
Sell Cheap.
BAILEY St XOVES,
66 and 68 Exchange Street.
Fort'and, June 23.1862. dtf
EDWARD P. BANKS,
72 EXCHANGE STREET,
lor Cato* I mm aid tut ftffirf, Portland, Iain,
DEALER IX
CHRONOMETERS, WATCHES,
—AND—
SILVER SFOOK8 AND FORKS. CUPS, BITTER
KNIVES, THIMBLES, NAPKIN RINGS,
SPECTACLES AMD EYE-GLASSES,
PLATED TEA SETS, CASTORS, AND CAKE
BASKETS, BUTTER KNIVES, k SPOONS.
Shell anti Horn Combs, Fans, Canes, Accordcons,
Wallets, Card Cases, Table and Pocket Cutlery;
Teeth, Hair, aud Shaving Brushes; Farina Cologne,
Lubin's Extracts; CLOCKS.
Ouadrants. Spy Glasses, Barometers, Surveyors’
and Mariners’ Compasses, Gunter’s Scales, Dividers,
Parallel Rules, l*rotfactors. Drawing Instruments,
Land Chains, Thermometers, Linen Trovers, Opera
Glasses.
Charts, Bowditch’s Navigator. Blunt’s Coast Pilot.
Nautical Almauacs, Sumner's Method, Ship Master’s
Assistant, Sheet Anchor. Seamen's Friend or Manual,
Ship Master’s Guide, Expeditious Measurer, for
Freight, Ac., Ac.
Watches a ad Jewelry Repaired*
CHRONOMETERS, REPAIRED AND RATED
CyTiroe determined by transit.
Portland. Juue 23, 1*51. d2tawA wtf
PORTLAND
Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
THIS Company continue to insure property on
terms as lavurable as those of any reliable com
pany.
All policies npon which six premiums have been
paid, arc renewed auuually free of premium to the
policy holder.
Those desiring insurance will do well to call and
ascertain the terms before insuring elsewhere.
Otter 109 Middle Street*
CHARLES HOLDEN, Fre&kknt.
Edward ShAw, Srcrttary.
June 23. c©«13m
Book, Card & Fancy Printing,
NEATLY EXKCLTEU
AT THE OFFICE OF THE PRESS.
RAILROADS.
KENNEBEC AND PORTLAND R. R.
SVMXKJI HUIOUITT
Commenced April 14/4,1MB.
□HBBSJ l^**ei**er trains will have daily, (Sun
ayi exc-pted) as follows;
Augu.ia lor Rath, Portland and Boston.at 11.14 A
M.. connecting at Brunswick with the Androscoggin
Railroad for Lewiston, Livermore Falls, Wilton and
Farmington.
le ave Portland for Bath and Angnata at 1.04 P. M
connecting at Brunswick with the Androscoggin
trains for stations on that road; and at Angnata with
the Some net A Kennebec Railroad for W alert die,
Kendall’s Mill, and Skowhegan, and at Kendall>
Mills with the Penobscot A Kennebec Rond for Pitts
Held. Newport and Bangor; arriving same sight.
Momla, Morning and Saturday Arming Tra*u.
On Monday trains leave Angnata at 6AO A. M.. and
Hath mt 6.30 A. M., for Portlaad. connoctiic with the
«■« A. M train for Lowell and Boeton. *
Leave Portland on Saturday., at 4.14 P. M., on ar
rival of train from Boston, for Bath and Angnata.
STAG! COlUCTtOHI.
Stage, leave Bath daily (Sunday, excepted) at 3.04
P. M., on arrival of train from Portland and Boston
for Wiscaaact, Damariscotta, WaMoboru', Rockland
and Thomaston.
Stages leave Angnata daily (8aadsy> excepted), Ibr
Belfast, on arrival of train from Portland and Bos
ton.
Tickets add in Beaton for all the stations on the
Kennebec A Portland, Androscoggin, and Somerset
A Kennebec Roads.
Freight trains ran daily between Angnata and Port
land. B. H. CUSHMAN,
Manager and Superintendent.
Angnata, April, 1842. Jane22dtf
ANDROSCOGGIN RAILROAD.
unn iiumxnT.
3HHC On and alter Moxdat, Mar 4. 1MB.
9E!9H,r>l11' will leave Portland for Lewiston
and Farmington via Brnnswick. at 1 P. M.
Leave Farmington for Lewiston, Bath and Port
land. vim Bvansvrick. at 4.14 A. M.
Leave Lewiston for Bath and Portland via Bruna
wick at 11 44 A. M.
Freight trains dally between Portland and Lewis
ton.
st a ox conxncTtoxn.
Stays leaven Strickland's Ferry Tovarian. Thurs
day. and Saturdays, for Livermore, Canton, Pern
and Dixfleld; returning opposite dnvs.
Stage leave. North Jay /or Fast Dixfleld, Dixfleld,
end Weld, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays;
returning opposite days.
Stage leaves Farmington for New Vineyard, New
Portland and Kfngfleld. on Wednesdays and Satur
day., returning on Mondays and Fridays.
Stages leave Farmington daily, for Strong, Aron
and Phillips. "
Passengers for this route will take the ears at the
Portland, Saco A Portsmouth, or Kennebec A Port
land Depots, In Portland. 8. W. EATON. Rapt.
Farmington Mav 6, 1882. JanefSdif
_STEAMBOATS.
Portland and New York Itfrn
The splendid and feat Steamahtp
OHM A PEAKE,” Captain 8id»«t
'•'kowill, will until farther notice ran
me follow. :
Irown. Wharf. Portland, every WEDNE8
DAY, at 4 1*. M., and lenve Pier 9 North River, New
York, every 8ATI RDA Y. at a o'clock, P. X.
Thi» vessel is fitted op with flneaccommodation, far
passengers, making this the moet speedy, salt- and
comfortable route for travellers between New York
mid Maine. Passage (6,00, Including Fare and State
Rooms.
Hoods forwarded by this line to and from Montreal,
Our bee, Bangor, Both, Augusta, Easrport and St.
John.
Shippers are requested to send their freight to the
steamer before S 1*. M., on the day that she leaves
Portland.
For freight or passage applv to .
EMERY fc FOX. Brown's Wharf, Portland.
H. B C ROMWELL fc CO., No. M West Street,
New York.
June 23, IMS. dtf
liverpooTpaokets,
Patting from Liverpool for Boston twine n month.
Steerage Pamage. WO. Abo. Agent for New York
and Liverpool Steamship*. sailing from New York
every Saturday, and from Liverpool every Wed nee
day, and calling at gueeustown, Ireland Cafcta
Pamage. *76. 3d Claw. *30.
Sight Bill* of Exchange, for XI Sterling and np
wajd, payable at any Bank in Great Britain or lra
laud constantly for aale.
For Pamage Certificate*. Steamer Tickets, Drafts,
or for farther information, Address,
GEO. WARREN, 9* State Street. Boston, Mam.
MONTREAL,
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO’S
Weekly Mail Line.
ON E of the following flrst-clam, power
ful Steamer*: HIBERNIAN, NORTH
AMERICAN. NORWEGIAN, JURA,
BOHEMIAN. ANGLO SAXON, NO
VA St uff!AM—will tail from guebee every Satur
day morning, for Liverpool, via isondonderrv.
Passenger* leave Portland per Grand Trunk Trains
with United States mails, every Friday, at 1 15 P. M..
connecting with Steamer- at guebee every Saturday
morning.
Passage to Liverpool. Londonderry or Glasgow:
Third Clam, *3D. First Clam. *67 to *83—according
to accommodation.—which includes ticket! on Grand
Trunk Railway.
Prepaid andretnrn tickets issued at reduced rates.
Excursion tickets to the World's Fair, ont and
back. *130.
Apply to Kdmonstone, Allan k Co., Montreal, or to
J. L, FARMER,
No. 10 EXCHANGE ST., PORTLAND.
June 23, 18A2. dtf
Courage Invalids !
CLEMS' SUMMER CURE
—AND—
Howes’ Cough Pills,
By the concurrent testimony of many suflhrers, the
fact has been established, that for the care of
DIARRIKEA OR DYSENTERY
In persons of all ages, no medicine has ever come to
the knowledge of the public, that so effectually does
it work and at the same time leaves the bowels in an
active, healthy condition, as
CLEM’S SUMMER CURE.
That for Children Cutting Teeth. If troubled with
Dtarrhera or any irregularities of the bowels, all oth
er remedies are insignificant, as compared with
CLEM S SUMMER CURE.
That tor Children troubled with Canker in mouth
or stomach, or mothers suffering from nursing sore
mouth, a safe and speedy cure is effected by the use of
CLEM’S SUMMER CURE.
That for Coughs. Hoarseness and Bronchial affect
ion*. there is no remedy extant that so universally
alloids relief as
HOWES’ COUGH FILLS.
That for a Tightneaa or Wheezing in the Cheat.
Fains in the side, or a long standing Hack, the beat
remedy is
HOWE’S COUGH FILLS.
That as an expectorant and ameliorating agent in
cases of Phthisic, Whooping Cough, and Coni rased
Consumption, the public have alremly rendered their
united verdict in favor of
HOWES’ COUGH PILLS.
CLEM’S SUMMER CURE is a pleasant, agreeable
decoction of Roots and Barks, and contains not a
particle of OriCM on Drug of any #6rt. It always
docs good, aud never dot's harm.
“ BT THKIR WORKS VI SHALL KNOW THEM.”
G. C. Goodwin k Co.. Boston. General Agents tor
New England. H. H. Hav. Portland, aud B. F.
Bradbury. Baugor, lieneral Agents for Maiue.
|y*S«ld by Druggists aud Merchants generally.
HOWES it CO., Prwprletnra,
isw6mnol BKLrAlT, M fl
ALBERT WEBB A C©„
- PXALKM IK
Corn, Flour and Grain,
HEAD OF MERRILL'S WHARF,
isamereial Street,* ■ Pertlaad, Mo.
je23tf
TENEMENTS WANTED.
WANTED—Convenient teuements for the
M accommodation of two small families, la
respectable localities, aud within tea min
ute*’ walk of the Post Office. Rent not to
exceed from fflfiO to 175 per annum.
Address Box 12, Post Office, or apply at the Count
ing Room of the Daily Press, Fox Block.
Portland, June 23. distf

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