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The Portland daily press. [volume] (Portland, Me.) 1862-1921, July 01, 1862, Image 1

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PORTLAND DAILY PRESS.
VOL. 1. PORTLAND, ME., TUESDAY MORNING, JULY 1, 1862. N0, a
PORTLAND DAILY PRESS,
JOHN T. OILMAN,»
JOSEPH B. HALT/ f ®ditor8*
la published at No. 82$ EXCHANGE STREET,
in FOX BLOCK, by
FOSTER, OILMAN and HALL,
Under the firm name of
N. A. FOSTER A CO.
Terms:
Thk Portland Daily Press is published every
morning, (Sundays excepted), at 96,00per year in ad
vance.
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Advertisements inserted in the Maine 8tate
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above rates for each insertion.
Transient advertisements mast be paid for in ad
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rr AH communications intended for the paper
should be directed to the “Editnra <\f the I*re$a," and
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jy-Thc Portland Daily and Maine 8tatr
Press Office, in Fox Block, No. 83) Exchange
Street, is open at all hours during the day and eve
ning. from 7 o'clock in the morning to 9 in the
evening.
nr Jon Printing of every description executed
with dispatch; and all business pertaining to the of
fice or paper promptly transacted on application as
above.
COMMUNICATIONS^
Battle of Fair Oak*.
Official Report of Gen. yaglee—Gallant eon
tluct of his Brigade.
' Camp in the Reserve, 1
Headquarters Nagiev's Brigade,!
June 18,18*12. )
LlEPTENANT:—Before attending to the oc
currences of the 31st of May, it w ould proba
bly add to a better understanding of the sub
ject, to refer to the advance of my Brigade on
the 24th, 25th and 2*ith—a week previous.
Having crossed the ltailrond Bridge and ex
amined the. Ohlekahoininy from the Railroad
to Bottom's Bridge, on the 20th—and made a
reconnoisance from the “Chimney,” near Bot
tom’s Bridge to within two miles of the James'
River, on the Quaker Road, on the 23d;—Gen.
M'Clellan ordered a reconnoisance of the
Road and country by the Williamsburg Road,
as far as the Seven Piues to be made, on Satur
day the 24th. with instructions, if possible, to
advance to the ‘'Seven Pines,” or the Forks of
the direct road to Riebmond, and the road
turning to the right Into the road leading from
“New Bridge” to Richmond, and to “hold that
point if practicable.” Under these instruc
tions, with the addition of two Batteries of
Col. Bailey’s K. T. 1st Artillery, and Col.
Gregg’s Cavalry, we pushed the reconnoisance,
not without considerable opposition to the
“Seven Pines” on the day referred to; one
mile and a half beyond the Pines on the follow
ng day; to a line at right angles with the
Railroad from Richmond to West Point, inter
secting it midway between the fifth and sixth
mile posts on the following day, aud on the
day after, the 27th, extended it across to the 9
mile road where it Is intersected by the road
to Garnett’s house, and thence by this road
bearing to the left, our picket lines extended
to the Chickahominy. This line from the river
across the Railroad to the Williamsburg road
was about three miles long, and was picketed
at first by the first Brigade, afterwards by
Casey’s Division,—but placed more dirertly
under the charge and protection of the Regi
ments of First Brigade, which were encamped
along its entire extent for that purpose. The
picket line proposed to be kept up, and the
supports to the same, from the left of the above
picket line on the Williamsburg road to the
White Oak Swamp, being especially entrusted
tn flon rVttirlt
This was the line of our advance on Satur
day the 31st of May at 12 M., when two shells
thrown into our camps first announced the
hostile intentions of the enemy. No alarm
was felt by any one, for it was seldom that
twenty-four hours passe^gbat we did not ex
change similar salutations.
Soon thereafter it was reported that an at
tack was im|*ending—the usual orders were is
sued, and within half an hour the troops moved
to positions that were assigned to them by Gen.
Casey, beiug at this time, on the nine mile
road.ncar a breast-work fronting the old tavern,
then under construction, and judging from the
discharges of musketry, which were becoming
frequent, that something serious was intended,
I hastened in the direction indicated by the
Are, and soon arrived u|>on the ground, on the
Williamsburg Rond, aliout three-quarters of a
mile in front of the Seven Pines, when I found
Gen. Caaey, who had placed the 100th N. Y.,
Col. Brown, on the left of that Hoad, behind a
Held of large timber, that had been cut down ;
on the right of the same road was placed Capt.
Spratt's N. Y. Battery of four pieces; on the
right of these were three companies of the 11th
Maine, Col. Plaisted, and on the rigid ol the
11th Maine were eight companies of the 104th,
Pa., Col. Davis; 4 companies of the ] ltli Maine
were on picket duty, hut being driven in
formed with the 50th N. Y., Lt. Col. Jandan,
at his encampment, in line of battle, parallel
with and about 800 yards in rear of the picket
line, 200 yards to the left of the Railroad, Col.
Dodge’s 52d Pa., supporting the picket line on
the extreme right, formed at his eucampment,
on the « mile, road, 3-4 of a mile in rear of the
large Garnett fleld. The remaining companies
of the 104th Pa^ and 11th Maine, were on
picket duty along the large fleld in the direc
tion of the Chickahominy.
ouuu ftiw-i iuy aiiuni ujiuii uic ^iuuim,auutu
1 P. M., the Are then being quite frequent, anil
from the direction oftlie main Richmond stage
road, (ien. Casey gave an order to the ltJOth
104th and 11th to charge, when as reported by
Col. Davis, “The regiments sprung forward
“toward the enemy with a tremendous yell. In
“our way was a high worm fence, which cut
“our former line of battle, but the boys sprang
“over it, with the same enclosure with the en
“cmy, when we formed and resumed the tight.
“The tattle now raged with great fury and the
•‘firing was much hotter than before. Spratt’s
“Battery during this time had kept up a live
ly II e in the same direction. At ubout 8 P.
“M..the enemy being largely reinforced, press
'll us in front and flank, and seeing that wo
“could not hold our position much longer, un
less reinforced, I despatched an officer to Gen.
“Casey for that purpose. The Col. of the 100th
“X. Y. being killed, the Col. of the 104th being
“severely wounded, the Mujormortally wouud
“ed, the Lt. Col. alwent sick, half of our men
“having fallen, killed or wounded, the enemy,
“ten times our numbers, being within a few
“feet of us, one of them striking Sergeant l’or
“ter, the left guide of the ltftth on the neck
“with his musket, and several ofthe 11th Maine
“being imyoneted, receiving no reinforcements,
“we were ordered, with Spmtt’s Battery, to re
tire, but unfortunately the horse of one of
“tlie pieces being killed, we were compelled to
"abandon that piece.”
Tlie enemy endeavored to follow up his suc
cess, and was advancing in closed columns)
when, our troops being sufficiently withdrawn,
CoL Bailey, of the 1st X. Y. Artillery, at my
request, directed the tire of the hatteries of
Fitch and Bates, to be concentrated u|>on the
advancing mass. At every discharge of gra)>e
and cannlster, wide gaps were opened in his
ranks, w hich were Ailed as soon as opened;
still he pressed on, but Alining that lie was ad
vancing “into the very jaws of death,” with
sullen hesitation, after many trials, and with
immense loss, he concluded to desist at this
point.
-♦~ .— ui. ..
conduct anil good services a* alsive descriliod,
and suggesting that, in the event ol being
compelled to abandon another piece, he should
instruct his gunners to spike before leaving it,
he went into the redoubt to give these orders,
when he was shot by a rifle ball through the
forehead, and died u few minutes after—the
State losing a gallant soldier, and his Artillery
a friend to whom they were entirely devoted.
Soon after this. Major Van Valkenburgh of
the same Artillery wa« killed by a rifle ball,
whilst actively engaged in working these liat
teries, and but a little while after Lieut. Iium
sey, the Adjutant, in the same manner. All
of the field and staff officers being killed, I as
sumed the direction of the Batteries compos
ing the 1st X. Y. Artillery.
Xo reinforcement having been sent to us,
and desirous of following up the success refer
red to, alsmt 3 1’. M. I rode to flic rear and
lead up the 66th X. Y., Lieut. Col. Thouronte,
and placed it in line at right angles to the Wil
liamsburg road, alsiut 60 yards in advance of
I the redoubt, the left resting a short distance
| from the road, and !*>fore getting into position
they were compelled to march over the lushes
of their killed and wounded comrades, anil
soon afterwards found themselves fully en
gaged. Leaving the 55th. my attention was
directed towards the right, when I found at 4
P. M., tlie 55th, with 11th Maine, which after
four hours’ contest had fallen back about four
hundred yards, and were again placed at four
o'clock and ten minutes, facing the front, in a
depression in the ground, alsmt midway be
tween the Williamsburg road and the Railroad,
and about three hundred yard* in front of the
nine mile road. Xear by X found the 52d,
which had been ordered from the right, and I
placed them in echellon to the right and rear
of the 56th, with the right resting upon and in
rear of a large pond. At this time the fire
here had cousidgpbly slackened, but wa* in
creasing on the left. Returning in alsmt an
hour to the left. X found the 55lb engaged to
their utmost extent, and ascertained for the
first time that the enemy had discerned, what
I had long feared, that there were none of our
troops between the white oak swamp and a
line parallel with, and but two hundred yards
from the Williamsburg road, lie had more
than an hour before discerned this, and with
sliarpehooters concealed in the woods, they
had killed many of our most valuable officers
had picked off the cannonnce**, had killed
from three to four horses out of every team
attached to the artillery, and at the time of my
return had driven the men from the rifle pit*.
Xo time was to be lost. Fitch's battery was, l
ordered off to the rear. The battery under
Lieut. Ilart was next ordered to retire, but it
was soon found that but one limber could be
pioved. I ordered the pieces to be spiked, but
after spiking the pieces in the redoubt, those
on the outside were in the possession of the
enemy. By way of precaution I had ordered
the prolongers to be fixed to the section* of
Regan’s battery still firing up the Williams
j burg road, and ordered it to retire firing, until
in the aliattis that crossed the road. I then
withdrew this regiment under the protection
of its fire, which had fought most gallantly,
suffered severely, and contributed much in the
end towards saving Regan’s battery from fall
ing into the hand* of the enemy. Then the
entire field in our immediate rear being in
possession of the enemy, who had pressed to
j within a few yards of us, supporting many of
| our wounded horses to keep them from falling
in the traces, we brought the last sections of
the battery rrom the field. The air by this
time was literally filled with iron and lead.
Returning rapidly to my 5»Ith X. Y. end 11th
; Maine, my anticipations there were realized.
Being successful in turning our left flank, the
enemy had opened a most destructive cross
fire upon them from the pieces near the redoubt j
that had not been spiked, and this, with the
Are from their immediate front, was no longer
to be endured, and they w ere withdrawn and
marched from the nine mile road and placed
in position in rear of this road, about seven
hundred yards from the Seven Pines, where
I soon their services were required. In the
■ meanwhile, Col. Xeil of the 23d I’a., had come
u|M>n the ground occupied by Col. Dodge, and i
induced hiui to advaace in front uud to the
right of the position that had been assigned to
him. whiie he, Col Xeil, occupied that which \
j the 52d vacated. But these dispositions were
I scarcely made before the masses of the enemy
! broke through, and a few minutes sufficed to
: leave the half of Dodge’* command upon the
ground, and to force Xeil precipitately from
' hi* position.
* ii" miiumuif; juiunm ui me oxu,“iur ll
was now- reduced to a little over one hundred
men,—were conducted along the nine mile
road to the Seven Pine*, where, finding the ri
fle pits occupied, they took possession of a
fence and some out-houses, anil did most ef
fective service. Afterwards they crossed to
the left of Couch’s position, and advanced two
hundred yards into and along the woods to the
left and front of the Seven Pines, where they
remained actively employed until near dark,
when the enemy advancing rapidly in masses
to the rear of the nine mile road, inclined
towards the Williamsburg road, sweeping eve
rything from the fields, our forces making one
general simultaneous movement to the rear,
which did not stop until all arrived at the line
of the fence, one mile in the rear. The 52d,
having their retreat rut off. escaped by passing
through the woods to the left and rear to the
sawmill at the White <htk Swamp, and thence
to the line above referred to, where they joined
their comrades of the 1st Brigade.
Following down the nine mile road after
Dodge was compelled to retreat, alxmt five
hundred yards from the Seven Pines, 1 tound
Col. J. Adams, commanding the 1st Long Isl
and, which was placed across the road, a por
portion of the right flank being in rear of it,
with the left flank extending to the front and
left. Advising Col. Adams of the rapid ap
proach of the enemy, of the direction he was
coming, and of the position of the 5fith New
York nnd 11th Maine on his left, he withdrew
the left flank of the Long Island to the rear of
the nine mile road, making a continuous line
with the alxive, and the men ordered to lie
down, that they should escape the murder
ous fire that was incessantly pouring in from
the front. Scarcely was this done, before
the 87th New York Regiment, Col. 8. E. Dodge,
of Harney’s Division, Heintzlcman’s Corps,
came along the nine mile road with rapid step,
cheering most vociferously—passed the 11th,
104th and Long Island about fifty yards, re
ceived a volley, broke, and passed the whole of
them, running over the liacks of those lying
down—the latter remaining undisturbed until
ordered to rise and meet the accumulated force
that was tearing all before it. Volley after
volley was given and received. An order was
given to charge, but one hundred yards brought
us into such close proximity with the enemy,
“tlutt a sheet of fire was blazing in our faces.”
The ranks on both sides wen* rapidly thinning,
but still the great disparity in our numbers
continued. So close were the contending forces
that our men, in many instances, whilst at a
charge, poured their fire into the breasts of the
enemy within a few feet from the point of their
bayonets. This dreadful contest lasted until
nearly dark. My 11th, 56th and 104th suffered
dreadfully, lost the majority of their officers
and men.and were compelled to give way,car
rying their wounded with them. It was then,
in the language of l>t Lieut. Haney, of the
104th, “that I (Lieut. Haney) and Lieut. Ash
enfelden and others led Capt. Corcoran, Capt.
Swartzlander, and Lieut. Hamlin, of the 104th,
off the Held. It was getting dark—it was prole
ably half un hour licfore dark. We went down
the nine mile road and along the Williamsburg
road. The fighting was nearly over; our
troops were all retiring; we saw the enemy not
over seventy-five yards in our rear, and no
troops lietween us and them. All of our forces
were moving back, little regard being paid to
brigade, regimental, or even company organi
zation. Kearney's tnxips came, but did not
stay long. Capt. Corcoran continually becom
ing weaker, we were compelled to carry him.”
There was no running, and no panic, but all
moved off crowded together with a single pur
pose, ami that one to make a stand upon the
line of defences in the rear—the only ones of
sufficient capacity to enable us to defend our
selves against vastly superior mimlx*rs until
our reinforcements could be hrouget together.
Company I, Capt. Merrill, and Company E,
Lieut. Sabine, of the 11th Maine, were on pick
et duty along the Garnett field, in front of
which several rebel regiments marched about
dark. Some of the men crawled into the wheat,
and shot three of the field officers as they
marched by. When Sedgwick crossed the
Chickahominv, they immediately communicat
ed with him. remained all night upon their
picket line, with the enemy in their front and
rear, and on Sunday, at 0 A. M., came in, bring
ing more prisoners than the entire number of
men in their ranks.
_1 Y 1_a II!_ _ 0 at., -a < xi ma t
Mivuvi , vi kin iiui iniiiiu , nun
sick in the hospital, where there were a num
ber of the same regiment. After the fight
grew warm, he exclaimed—“Boys, all who can
hold up your heads, follow me!” More than a
score followed him. He shouldered his mus
ket, ami all joined their regiment, and fought
mo«t gallantly. Bice, after seventeen rounds,
delivered with deadly effect.—for he was an
excellent shot,—was severely wounded in the
thigh, anil was carried from the field.
Company E, 104th Pennsylvania, Capt. Har
vey. Lieut, ('roll and fifty-eight men, were ex
tended on picket duty from the railroad to the
corner at the intersection of the nine mile road
with the road to Garnett's house; when alxmt
3 P. M. the enemy approached, hut left them
unmolested, after firing some scattering shots,
during which time they took thirteen prison
ers. After 5 P. M. they again approached in
force along this entire line. With the assist
ance of our supports, we held them in check
for nearly an hour, when finding themselves
surrounded and taken prisoners, ('apt. Harvey
was placed in charge of an officer with five
men, and was marching off, when a shell strik
ing and killing the officer, the captain took ad
vantage of the confusion, and made his escape.
Four of the men afterwards came in.
On Saturday, Lieut. Col. Hoyt, of the r,2d
Pa., was in charge of the Pioneers of the 1st
brigade, with companies of the-, build
ing a bridge which I had directed to lie built
across the Chickahominy: remaining upon the
ground and informing himself of the proceed
ings upon tlie extreme right, he rendered most
valuable services by advising General Sumner,
as soon as he had crossed the swamp, of the
precise position of onr forces and those of the
enemy. After which, the enemy having pressed
down between the B. B. and General Sumner,
Lieut Col. Hoyt, with the alxive and some of
the 100th N. Y. that were driven from the
picket line near the Chickahominy, remained
with General Sumner until Sunday, and lx*
IKI MU VI*.
After leaving the battle field at dark, the
brigade, numlif ringoncthnusand.were marched
to the right rifle pits of the new defences—but
vacated them at the request of Gen. Kearney,
anil occupied those on the left, with the other
brigades of Casey’s Division, when* we re
mained under arms in the rain all night.
1 have shown, in the history of the Battle of
Seven Tines, the conduct of every one of the
regiments of the 1st Brigade, from the first
volley fired at noon until the enemy, hav
ing driven our troops from the ground, near
dark, cut off the retreat of the 52d by the Wil
liamsburg road, and were still annoyed by
their deadly fire.
The list of casualties show that there were
taken into the action 84 officers and 1600 men;
and that 35 officers and fit 13 men were killed,
Mounded and taken prisoners—being 42 per
cent, of the former, and 37 per cent, of the
latter. Of the 03 of the lltli Maine that were
led into the fight by Col. l’laisted, 52 M erc killed
and wounded.
That the brigade fought well, none can deny
—for they lost 638 of their number. Their
bodies were found over every part of the field,
anil where these bodies lay, Mere found double
their number of the enemy. The enemy, more
generous than our friends, admit "that we
fought most desperately, and against three cn
tire divisions of his army, with two in reserve,
that late in the day were brought in.”
For three and one-half hours we contested
every inch of ground with the enemy, and did
not yield in that time the half of one mile,—
We fought from 12 M. until 3 and a half, P. M.
with but little assistance—and until dark, with
our comradi-s of other regiments and of other
divisions, wherever we could be of service; and
when, at dark, the enemy swept all before him,
we were the last to leave the ground.
Since the Hattie of Seven Pines, now nearly
three weeks, a force ten times tile number of
Casey and Couch have not been able to regain
the line of outposts established by the First
Brigade on the 20th of May—our line being
half a mile in rear thereof. None of the brig
ade, regimental or company baggage was lost.
Some of the shelter tents, knapsacks and
blankets fell into the hands of the enemy, which
was the natural consequence of being encamped
in close proximity with the outposts.
Conduct such as this, if it be not worthy of
commendation, should not call forth censure:
for censure, undeserved, chills the ardor and
daring of the soldier, and dishonor both the
living and the dead.
Very respectfully,
II. M. Naoi.ee,
Brig. Gen. Com’g 1st Brig., Casey's Div.
To Asst. Adjt. General Foster, Casey's Div
ision, Army of Potomac.
PROSPECTUS
or THE
PORTLAND DAILY PRESS:
EDITED BY
JOHN T. GILMAN, recently of the Bath Times,
* AMD
JOSEPH B. IIALL, of the Aroostook Herald.
The Portland Daily Press is intended to bo
an enterprising, vigorous and lire Daily Morning
Paper, containing the latest and fullest news by mail
and telegraph.
THE MAINE STATE PRESS
a
Is a large, well-filled, carefully edited, and neatly
printed weekly paper, intended specially for general
circulation throughout the State.
Both of the above nam<>d papers will labor to j
inculcate, in no dictatorial spirit, sound political prin
ciples and to promote the material interests of the
State, and of the City of Portland as it* interests
twine with, and are inseparable from, those of the
State.
Politically, the Press will give an earnest, cordial,
and generous support to the administration of Abra
ham Lincoln, who in little more than one year, has j
indellihly impressed himself upon the natiou’s heart
as an incorruptible 'patriot, an inflexible Chief Mag
istrate, and an honest man; the ability of whose ad
ministration is most signally exhibited, not Jonly in
the matchless operations of our army and navy, bnt
in the unparalleled fact that, in the midst of this
gigantic rebellion,'our Government securities arc
selling at a premium. It will zealously labor to ex
hibit and defend sound Republican principles, and,
inasmuch as political organizations have become a
necessity in carrying into effect great principles of
political economy, and inasmuch as #the Republican
party which, in the brief etiapter of its history already
written, lias successfully re fated the allegation of Its
enemies that its designs and tendencies were sec
tional. and triumphantly vindicated its claim to a
Just and liberal Nationality, has remained steadfast
in its devotion to the Union while other organizations
have so generally become infected with a disloyal
spirit, and inasmuch as it is the only party which at
present seems competent to conserve the great prin
ciples underlying all free Governments, the Prkar
will cordially sustain the organization of that party
not with a design to foster a mere parlizan spirit, hut
in the Bill coniciousness that it embodies the true
principles upon which our government rests, and af
fords the only available means of accomplishing such
results as a lofty patriotism imperatively demands.
It will neither seek nor endorse any compromises
with men in rebellion against the laws of the land,
but will inculcate loyalty to the great central idea of
all true democracy—that the majority must govern.
Upon the exciting question of Domestic Slavery, it
may be proper to say, that while the Tress sill sanc
tion no interference with the constitutional or legal
rights of loyal men. it will neither ‘apologize for an
evil which constitutes the foulest blot upon our
national character, nor attempt to resist the tide of
events that seems destined to sweep from existence
an institution which is the greatest anomaly in a free
government. The emancipation of slavery in the j
federal Capital, the co-operation of the Federal with
the loyal State governments, to secure gradual eman
cipation, as proposed by President Lincoln, and all !
other constitutional measures looking to a peaceful
removal of our greatest “moral, political aud social :
evil,” will find in the Tress a generous aud hearty !
support.
proposed for the 1'rkm, and intending that, aiike in '
war and in peace—in our country’s peril and in its |
triumph, it shall speak with no uncertain voice, wc i
do not lose sight of the fart that true men have hon
estly differed, and that, coming by different routes '
they now And themselves travelling parallel roads;
and, instead of seeking to widen the difference* be- i
tween those who are required by a common patriot- !
ism to act in concert, the 1’kkhs will labor hopefully ;
to encourage unity of pur|x>sc and harmony of act- |
ion among all loyal men.
Aside from it* political department, the Press will
be earnestly devoted to the advancement of the best 1
interest* of the city and Mate. Its Local Depart- {
meut will in no case be ucglcctcd. Particular at ten- j
tion will be given to the Commercial and Maritime
interests. It will be the aim of its conductors to make j
it an indispensable institution of the State, and a ge
nial and welcome visitor in every work-shop, count
ing-lio'isc, and family circle. The Editor*, not un
known to the people of Maine, will give their undivi
ded energies ta the work before them, and labor to
make such a paper as the city of Portland, the State
of Maine, aud the exigencies of the times demand
one that shall be true to the popular instincts.
The Portland Daily Press is printed with en
tirely new type, on a sheet as large as that of any
daily in Maine, and issued every morning, (Sun
days excepted,) at $5 per annum. Subscriptions for
less than six months, 50 cents per month.
The Maine State Press, large, neatly printed,
aud well tilled with the news of the week, and orig
inal aud selected Political, Agricultural, Literary and
Miscellaneous reading, making it specially adapted to
the Family Circle, will be issued weekly, at $1.50 per
year, idvariably in advance. To any person sending
the names of.fire new subscribers, cash in advance,
an extra copy will be seut gratis.
N. A. Foster.)
J. T. Gilman, J N. A. Footer k Co., Publishers.
J B. Hall. \
Portland, May 19, 1862.
The tindenigned cordially approre the enterprise
projected in the foregoing l’rosjtectus, and earnestly
commend the new paper to the hearty support of the
People of Maine.
May. 1*2.
LEONARD ANDREWS,
SAMUEL E. SPRING,
NELSON DINGLEY, Jr.,
R. S. STEVENS, Republican
N. A. EAR WELL.
8. P. STRICKLAND, State
EUGENE HALE,
R. B. FULLER. Committee.
C II B. WOODBURY,
T HARMON.
E. WOODBURY,
BENJ KINGSBURY. Jr.,
CLEMENT PIIINNEY, Cumberland Co.
DANIEL ELLIOT,
LUKE BROWN, Rep. Com.
O. G. COOK,
EDWARD L. l’lCKARI),
JOHN T. HULL,
CHARELS 11. OSGOOD,
HENRY L. PAINE,
HENRY I* LORD. Republican
JAMES DOUGHTY,
OREK RING. City Comiuittoof
WILLIAM GRAY.
JOHN M. STEVENS, Portland.
AUG. F. OEIMSII.
FHANCIi F. PRAY.
WM. II PLUMMER.
THE CHRISTIAN MIRROR.
VOLUME xli.
TIIE FORTY-FIRST VOLUME OF THIS PAPER
Will Commence July 29.
All persons who now subscribe to the Mirror by
paying £2 shall have a receipt to the close of Volume
ending July 29, 1863—being almost a year and
one quarter.
We arc happy to announce Rev. Messrs. Pond,
Shepard, Harris and Smith, Professors in Bangor
Theological Seminary, as stated contributors to the
columns of this paper.
Tills paper is devoted to the diffusion of moral, re
ligious, educational, and such other inteliigeuce as
pertains to the welfare of society.
Its foreign and domestic news is made up to the
hour (Monday uoon) of going to press, and is suffi
ciently general to meet the wants of those who take
no other paper.
The fourth page is appropriated to the most inter
esting Literary, Scientific, and Commercial miscella
ny that can be gathered.
It has a department expressly for Children. It is
intended to be a safe family newspaper; with nothing
to offend the most fastidious— neither cherishing a
morbid appetite, nor catering to a perverted taste.
We do not claim for it that it is the oldest, the far*
gest, the newest, even the best paper in the world: or
that the Church and State would fall without it.
We claim for the Mirror that it is a Christian paper.
It aims to be a true reflector of Bible principle aud
practice; and in the correction of moral evils and the
renovation of Society, to hold forth the true remedy.
It can be said of our paper that while its correspond
ence is not meagre, its epitome of news and compact
items of iuterest is inferior to that of no other paper,
and its abstract of valuable articles in American and
Foreign Quarterlies has supplied a place not filled by
anv other religious print.
If any want a paper that can safely be a companion
on the Sabbath, that gives an unprejudiced view of
public affair*, that aids to be a transcript of the age
without identifying Itself with its errors, that chroni
cles to minuteness religious and revival news, that
holds firmly the doctrines and practice of a protes
ted Christianity and can be safely put into the hands
of the young, we ask them to take the CuiufrriAX
Mirror.
This being pre-eminently a Family Journal is one of
the best channels for advertisements relating to Books,
Kales, lA'gal Notices, and ail articles of general con
sumption.
W eekly papers generally, and especially religions
ones, an* less likely to.be destroyed than those more
secular—they are read more in families than I>ailie»—
they are taken homo and preserved, to be examined
at leisure—their contents are more thoroughly scan
ned—and they are often sent to absent frieiidsto con
vey to those abroad, some idea of the state of affiura
at home.
Tortlana, May, 1862.
TESTIMONIALS.
We subjoin some extracts from letters recently pub
lished in our columns.
From Professor* in Ilowdoin College.
Other i*apers. published out of the limit* of the
State, are useful; but they cannot be expected to take
the place and to fulfill all the objects of a paper pub
lished among ourselves. The Mirkor is well known
to our religious people, and ha* been conducted by
Mr. Lord, its present editor, with earnest Christian
fidelity, with a high degree of ability, and at the same
time in such a manner as to bring to light and to cher
ish those local religious sympathies and interests,which
can be reached only by a |«per published iu the State.
From Rev. Dr. ('bickering.
All necessity for two papers having ceased, we
ought to hare one taken hi all our churches, as good
as you and a hundred contributors can make it. The
most patriotic and liberty-loving among us cannot
complain of its tone in these stirring times; and I
sometimes almost wish I were compelled to rely upon |
your weekly summary instead ot reading so inanv ex- j
citing details in the daily papers. You tell us what we '
really need to know; and a great many things that
we ought to do.
From Rer. Dr. Carruther*.
It contains a weekly summary of events written In I
a lively style—criticisms, literary and moral, of great
practical value—and such matter* of general and de- j
iiominational interest as serve to keep its readers well j
‘posted up.’ If ministers and others, at different I
points in oar large State, would be a little more com
municative of local facts, they would greatly increase
its intrinsic worth, aud proportionally enlarge its cir
culation.
[From Rev. Dr. Tappan.]
In common with many others, I have earnestly de
sired that we might hate in Maine, under the auspices
of our denomination, but one religious newspaper,
and I cannot but hope, that the Mirror, which 1 have
taken from the beginning, and on many accounts
have highly valued, may again secure general support,
aud prove in its future course to be a paper in w Inch
we can all unite. In most of the views expressed in
relation to this subject, by Professor Pond, in the
Mirror of this week, 1 fully concur. Your own of
fer “to send it without charge to any who mav be de
sirous of receiving it, till the meeting of the June
(State] Conference iu Portland,” is fair and liberal.—
You will permit me however to inquire whether It
might not be well to send one number at least to every
Congregational minister in the State, who is not now
a subscriber, without waiting for an application, since,
otherwise many may uot know that such a proposal
lias been made.
From Professors in Bangor Theological Seminary.
From R(iv. Dr. Pond.
We obviously need one good religions paper in
Maine; and one (if it can be* made satisfactory,) fas
enough. We need it, not only as a vhchicle of intel
ligence and thought, but for the publication of no
tices. aud the accomplishment of various local objects
which cau be reached in no other way.
. • • • I have been a subscriber for the Mirror
and a constant reader of it for almost thirty years;—
and though I have seen thing* In it occasionally
which I did not like, (aa I do m most other papers!)
still all candid readers must acknowledge that the
Mirror has bees, from the first, the steadfast advo
cate of liospel order and truth, and an important
auxiliary in the great work of enlightening and evan
gelizing'Maine. I will also say that I think the Mir
ror has never been more ably and faithfully conduct
ed than during the last few year*. The present editor
devote* time, and thought', and labor to it, and suc
ceed* in making it (wliat he has shown himself
abundantly able to do) an interesting weekly visitaut
to our families and homes.
It -liould be farther considered, that some of the
exciting questions which once threatened to divide
us, are changing their form* aud losing their interest.
They may give place to others, foraugnt we know, or
may themselves come ap again; but at pre*,ent wo
arm to hate got beyond them. The 3tiRr.oK is au
unflinching supporter of the government of the
United State* in its contest with the slavery rebellion.
It is also a sincere friend to the colored race, and is
ready to unite in all well considered efforts for their
liberation aud advancement—though 1 am far from
advising any one as to what, or how many religious
papers he shall take, yet I will venture to promise
that we make trial of the Mirror. As we ought to
have and must have one religious paper in Mm* State,
let ns take hold of this together; suboenbe for it,
write for it, and endeavor to make it such as our
churches require.
Krona Professor D. T. Smith.
It would Ik* difficult for me to express too strongly
liow desirable on every account, it seems to ine to be
that the Mirror should be well sustained. Now here
is the influence of a pood religious newspaper more
important than it is m Maine In no State is it more
important that the Congregational churches should
have an organ o* 'K’rown. Nor do I see how any
reasonable v cs.< ask tor a U tter organ than the
Minium. Some other papers indeed are enabled to
supply a greater ijuanfitv of reading for the same
price; but other tilings being «*tjual; a medium silt'd
l«|N*r like a medium sired book, is better than a larger
one, and 1 can say in all sincerity, that I know of no
paper, large or small, metrojsditan or provincial,
w I rich, with so little intermingling of what is of a
different character contains a larger amount or a
greater variety of readable, reliable and every way
valuable matter, original and selected, than the Mir
ror. Barely do I place a number U|h>ii tile without a
distinct feeling of regret in regard to more or less of
what it contains, that I cannot have it in a volume on
my shelves where it will bo constantly at baud.
From Kev. Drs. Bliepard and Harris.
Mr. Loro. Drtir Sir.-—Permit ns to express our de
sire that the Mniuou may receive the confidence and
support of the members of ourchurch«*s and Congre
gations in Maine. It is conducted with painstaking
and ability. It is a judicious and earnest supporter
of the doctrinc*s and polity of our churches, or their
■Menrj enterprise* MM their spiritual interests —
Its religious articles for family reading are choice. Its
summary of news, though necessarily condensed, is
comprehensive and well-digested. The occasions for
difference res|H*ctiii£ the abdication of Christian
truth to civil and social affairs are passing away, and
Christian p<*ople are rapidly approaching unanimity ;
candor, forbearance and i*tienee, with the grace and
Irrovidence of l*od, will enable them to obtain it.—
Jnder these circumstances we hop* that those who
take a religious paper will make a trial of the Mir
ror; and we expect—we think W'ith ginni reason—
that they will Ik* satisfied with it. A Maine pa|>er has
obvious advantages to Maine people, atavve cue pub
lished abroad, and presents obvious claims to their
support. CaRO. 8HKPARD,
Bangor, May 12, 1862. SAM ILL HAKIMS.
A. W. BANFIELO,
(Successor to 1*. J. Forristull ami 31 ill* k Forrwtal),
IMPORTER AMD DEALER IM
ENGLISH, FRENC H AND GERMAN,
FANCY GOODS,
Pocket and Table Cutlery,
YANKEE NOTIONS,
CLOCKS, WATCHES AND JEWELRY,
STATIONERY, TOTS, Ac.,
28 anti 30 Federal and 106 Congress Streets,
ADDISON W. BAM FI ELD. Boston.
1*. .1. FonntPT.lt t fan be fhnml at the above place.
Julie 23 nljr
HOTELS^
Bummer Retreat,
SOUTH SIDE OF PEAK'S ISLAND,
HENRY M. BRACKETT, • - Proprietor.
OPEN for (icntcel Hoarder*—three mile*
from Portland—within thlrtr rod* of the
Ocean—with good opportunities for Ashing,
sea-bathing and water rxcursious. A Steam
er runs from Portland dailv. Experienced
In attendane. Je25*Aw
CENTRAL HOtlSK ~
E. O. Mayo, - - - - Proprietor.
FASSADUMXEAO, MAINE.
TIIE subscriber would rery respectfully an
nounce to his numerous friends, ana the
public generally, that during the temporary
L— Icompulsory suspension of his business he
has furnished tliia well-known house anew, and is
now better than ever prepared to wait upon his cus
tomers, and hojies by strict attention to their wants
to merit a continuance of the patronage which he has
hitherto received E. <i. MAYO
l'assadumkeag. June 23. IMS. dfcwtf
PREBLE HOUSE, - - PORTLAND, ME.
Illiiled CoHgrrss, earner sf
Preble Streets.
THIS is the largest Hotel In the State, pos
sessing all the modern improvements, and
Unit class in every appointment.
TERMS MODERATE, FOR BOARD BY WEEK
OR DAY.
CHAft. H. ADAMS, Proprietor.
jc23—3in
MAG ADA HOCK HOUSE,
Alfred Carr, • * Proprietor,
BATH, MAIMS.
THE City of Bath is one of the healthiest
localities on the coast of Maine—delightful
ly situated on the Kcmict»cc, twelve miles
_ from tlie sea. and afTords one of the most
ng retreats from the dust and turmoil of our
cities.
The Haoadahock is one of the finest, most spa
cious, and best api>oiuted Hotels in the Mate, located
within three minutes walk of the Depot, steamboat
Landing, Tost Office, Custom House. Ac., being di
rectly In the business centre of the City.
Teraas Master ate Ay the Week ar Day.
Bath, June 23. 1*3. dtf
AMEBIC AM HOUSE,
Boston, Mass.,
T8 the largest and best arranged Hotel in
the New England States; is centrally loca
ted. and easy of access from all the routes of
L travel. It contains the modern improve
intents, and every convenience for the com
rt and accommodation of the travelling public.
The sleeping rooms are large and well ventilated;
the suits of room* are well arrauged. and completely
furnished for families and large travelling parties,
aud the house will continue to be kept as a first class
Hotel in every respect.
LEWIS RICE, Proprietor.
Boston, January. 1862. dTmis
BATH HOTEL,
a By C. M PLUMMER.
‘ Jf, 388, Waabixgtox St . Bath.
EgTl •.•Terms *1 per dajr. Stable connected |
with house.
Bath. June 23. 1*62. dtf
DIRIQO EATIHO HOUSE, ;
No. 7 MILK STREET, . . . PORTLAND, ME. !
JOHN ROBINSON, Proprietor.
Every Delicacy of the Season
Served np at nil hour..
TURTLE SOUP, TUESDAY AND FRIDAY.
BROOK TROl'T a»eall klndiKGAME
Served to order.
PINE APPLE LEMONADE.
STRAWBERRY LEMONADE.
ET" Frog* Served to Order. -4E3
*.• Meal, to Rboclar Boarder* at Reduced Ratea.
Open every Sunday from 8 to I, and from S to 6
o’clock. jc23cdtr
D. W. CLARK,
-DBA I.Kit IB
SILVER STREET - - - ICE HOUSE
- ABD -
No. 32 EXCHANGE ST., PORTLAND, Me.
All orders promptly attended to, and the
BEST QUALITY OF ICE delivered in any part of
the city, at the market raters. 2w
To Lumber Dealers, Builders, and others.
THE nndersirned hereby rive notice thst they have
established a
LUBBER PLANIHG KILL,
Near the (hot of Union Street, wliere they hope to be
able to give all the accommodation and dispatch
which the nature of the business will admit.
Tvrmko. Sweep aid Circular Sawibo, Be.,
attended to as heretofore.
OFFICE 6 UNION STREET.
WINSLOW k DOTEN.
Portland Jane 23,1802. 3tw4wl
Crockery Ware, China,
-ABD
GLASS WAREj
AT LOW TRICKS.
PLATED WATIE,
Canter., Spoon., Fork*. Cant
and Cake Banket*,
Table Cutlery,
IVORY, HORN. KBOXY AND COCOA
1IAXDLKO KNIVES.
KEROSENE OIL AND FLUID.
M UNION STREET,
8. B. WAITE.
je23—€weod
EDWARD 1\ BANKS,
72 EXCHANGE STREET.
Near Canon Boast and Pool Offiff, Portland, laiat,
DIALER Ilf
CHRONOMETERS, WATCHES,
—AXD—
SILVER SPOONS AND FORKS, CUPS. BUTTER
KNIVES, THIMBLES. NAPKIN KINGS,
SPECTACLES AND EYEGLASSES,
TLATED TEA SETS, CASTORS, AND CAKE
BASKETS. BUTTER KNIVES, k SPOONS.
Shell and Horn Combs, Fan*, Cant*. Accordeons,
Wallet*, Card Cases, Table and Pocket Cutlery;
Teeth, llair, and Shaving Brushes; Farina Cologne,
Lullin’* Extracts; CLOCKS.
Quadrant*, Spy Glasses. Barometer*, Surveyor*’
and Mariner*' Compnwea, Hunter's Scab**, Divider*.
Parallel Rule*. Protractor*, Drawing Instruments.
Land Chaiu*, Thermometers, Linen Trovers, Opera
Glasses.
Charts, Bowditch’s Navigator, Blunt's Coast lllot.
Nautical Almanacs. Sumner's Method, Ship Master's |
Assistant, Sheet Anchor, Seamen's Friend or Manual.
Ship Master'* Guide, Expeditious Measurer, for j
Freight, Ac., 4c.
W ate he* and Jewelry Repaired.
CHRONOMETERS, REPAIRED AND RATED.
I P Time determined by transit.„df|
Portland, .lime 2J, IMS dStawfcwtf
_RAILROADS._
KENNEBEC AND PORTLAND R. R.
bchmer AKuronnr.
Commenced April 14;A. 180.
P***cnger train* will leave dailv, (Si*.
i^ESHBday^ except.d) aa follow*:
Augusta lor Bath, Portland and Boatow.at 11.18 A.
M., connecting at Brun*wiek with the I adniaiinaala
Railroad for Lewiston, Livermore Kalla, Wilton tad
Farmington.
Leave Portland for Bath and Aogwata at LOOP. M.,
connecting at Brunswick with the Androscoggin
train* for stations on that road; and at Aagnsta with
tin-.somerset k Kennebec Railroad for Watrrvtll#,
Kendall’s Mills and Hkowhcgan, and at he,.(tail's
Mills with the Penobscot A Kennebec Road for lita*
field, Newport aad Bangor; arriving tame night.
Monday Morning and Saturday Evening 1Vain*.
Ob Monday trains leave Aagasta at 6.80 A. M . and
A.’ **•’ for Port land, conaceting with tha
8.4A A. M train for Lowell and Boston.
Leave Portland on Baturdava. at 8.16 P M.. oa *f
rival of train from Boston, for Bath aad Aagtwta.
NT A OK COSRKCTIOIi.
Stage* leave Bath dally (Sunday, ,«eepted) at 800
P. X.. on arrival of tnun from Portland aad Boston,
fur Wiacaawt. Hainariacotta, Waldo boro', w~.nl—A
and Tliomadton.
Stages leave Augusta dally (Sunday, excepted), for
lt' lfmat. oa arrival of traio from Portland Rod Boa
ton.
Tickets sold in Boston for all the stations on tin
Kennebec k Portland, Androscoggin, and Somerset
It Kennebec Koads.
Freight trains run dally between Augusts and Fort
land. B. II. CUSHMAN,
Mauager and ftnperintendeat.
Aagnsta, April, 1862.jam 23dtf
International Steamship Company.
EASTPORT, CALAIS AND ST. JOHN.
TWO TRIPS PER WEEK.
On and after April 38. the Steam
ers “NKW BRUNSWICK ” and
"MIKK.ST ( II Y" will, until for
her notice, leave P. 8 . h P K. R.
si. loot ot state street, a* follows:
.Steamer "New Bruns* i.-k." (.apt. K. B. Wutcaan
ter, will leave for Eawtpobt aud 8t. Joan averr
MONDAY, at 6 o’clock. P. M.
Returning will leave ST. Jons every THURSDAY
MoRNINti, at 8 o'clock, for Kabtpout, Portland
mol Bowros.
Steamer "roreat City,” Capt. E. Fl*Lt> will leave
for Ea»tpo*t and St. Johs every THUKSDAY at
6 o clock P. M.
Through tickets arc sold by this line connecting at
Eawtpobt with stage coaches for Macbiaw, aad
with Steamer oueeu for Robbinaton, Calais, St.
Stephen*, and ST. Andrew*. and at the latter place
over Railway for ( *jTnasiar; from thence per
state coaches for Wooostik * and Hocltos. which
i* the clnapest and moat expeditious way of reaching
the Aro«i*took County.
We also ticket through per Steamers and Railway*
for WisDsoe, Halipax. Diobt. KaxnxaieTos,
Staaax, Moncton. Shepiac, Prince Edwabb
Island, Pirroc, North Shore op New Barsa
wick, MikimU'RI, and Bay or Chalk s
, „ C. C. EATON.
Jooe 83. da*if
ANDROHUOCCIN RAILROAD.
Rl'MXRk AKIAVUUHTT.
r^3fi3- °n »nd after Mohbat, Mar 6, lsgj,
wjll leava Portland for Lewfctou
at a raimmgton via Brunstgfek, at 1 P. II
Leave Farmington for Lwwi-ton, Bath and Port
land. via Brunswick. at 9 ISA M.
Leave Lewiston for Bath and Portland via Bruns
wick at 11 to A. M.
Freight trains daily between Portland and Lawta
ton.
utaoi rovncnois.
Stage leaven Strickland's Ferry Tnesdays. Tbsrs
duys and Saturdays, for Livermore. Canton, Pent
and Dixlteld; ret urniw opposite duv*
Stage leaves North Jlv for East Dtxflelrf, DixSeld,
and Weld, on Tmsdaya, Thursdays and .Saturdays;
returning opposite days.
Stage leaves Farmington .or New Vineyard, New
Portland and Kingfleld. on Wednesdays and Satur
days, returning on Mondays and Friday*.
Stages leave Farmiugton daily, for Strong. Avon
and Phillips.
Passengers for thin rente will take the earn at the
Portland. Sara k Portsmouth, or Kennebec k Port
laud Depots, in Portland. S. W. EATON. Sap't.
_Fsrmfngton Mar 5. PWJ jiinrXMtf
W THROUGH TICKETS”
To Chicago, Cihcihhati. Cletelahd. Detroit,
Tolrivo, st. Paul. La CnoaaR, st. Louts,
New Oklsaxa, or any pari of the
WEST, SOUTH OR JfORTU WEST,
BT TDK
ERIE RAILWAY.
Via BcrrALo, Duhhirk, aho Niagara Falla.
This road is naoAD ouaor and is provided with
New and Splendid Sleeping Cam.
tJTTicket* sold In Portland at lowest Boston rates
br
W. D. LITTLE. Annrr.
O0rt 81 Krckange Street.
Jgr Yon can save money by seenring tickets tt thin
dawtf
STEAMBOATS.
Portland and New York Steamers.
The Splendid and (kst Steamship
"CHESAPEAKE" Captain Si us xr
Crowell, will until (briber notier ran
I ns follows:
Leave Hrowns Wharf. Portland, retry WEDNES
DAY, at I P. M.. and have Iter 9 North Hirer, Now
York, every SATURDAY, at 8 o'clock. P. M.
This vt-seeI is ailed up with One accommodations for
passengers, making this the most speedv.sate and
comfortable mate for travellers betweeu New York
and Maine. Passage 86.00, including Fare and Stale
Rooms.
f*onds forwarded br this line to and from Montreal,
Snebee, Bangor, Batb, Augusts, Easlport and M.
ODD.
Shipper* are requested to send their frelf ht to the
•It-amrr before 8 I*. M.. ou the day tha. «be .caves
Port land
For fr»‘iirht or passage apply to
KMKKY k FOX. Brown's Wharf. Portland.
H. B ( KoMWKJ.I k CO., No. M West 8troei,
New Y ork.
June 23 l^Q. dtf
M O N 1 It E A L,
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO’S
Weekly Hail Line.
ONK of the following fin*t-cta*s. power
ful Steamer*: III HENMAN. NORTH
AMEKH AN, N( >RWElilAN. JI RA.
BOHEMIAN. ANGLO SAXoN. NO
VA Si Oil AN—will sail from Quebec every Sat Ur
du' morning, for IJverpool. via Londonderry.
Passenger* leave Portland per Gram! Trunk Trains
with I'nited States mails, every Friday, at 1 16 P. M .
connecting with Steamer at Quebec every Saturday
morning.
Passage to Liverpool, Londonderry or Glasgow;
Third Class, 830. First Class. 8S7 to 883 according
to accommodation,—which iucludes tickets on Grand
Trunk Railway.
Prepaid and' return tickets Issued at reduced rate*.
Excursion tickets to the World's Fair, out aud
back. 9160.
Apply to Edutonstone. Allan k Co., Montreal, or to
J. L. FARMER.
No. 10 EXCHANGE ST., PORTLAND
June 23. 1W2 dtf
Geo. Warren,
scccEaaoa to
THAYER Jit WARREN,
Proprietor of the
LIVERPOOL PACKETS,
Sailing from Liverpool for Boston twice a month.
8teerage Passage. 82n. Also, Ageut for New York
and IJverpool Steamships, sailing from New York
every Saturday, and from Liverpool every Wedues
dav, aud ealliug at ijuecustown, Ireland. 1 abiu
Passage, 876. 3*1 (. lass, 830.
Sight Bills of Exchange, for XI Sterling and up
wajd. payable at any Hank in Great Britain or Ire
land constantly for sale.
For Passage Certificates. Steamer Tickets, Draft*,
or for further information. Address,
GEO. WARREN. 90 State Street. Boston, Mam.
CONVKEM NTHEET SEMINARY,
FOB A’OVHfl LADIES -AMD MISSES
Him E. I. Whittier, - • Principal.
THE AUTUMN SESSION will commence Sept.
Sth, aud Continue 15 week*.
I'rior to Juh 21*t. ftill information can be obtained
of the Principal, 340 ('ongretf Street. Hour* from
8 to 1 o'clock, except Saturdays. After that time ap
plication may be made at 40 State Street
Portland, June 23. 1SU2. 2awl0w
IIIoiip) Lost
I08T. A SUM OK MONEY. The IndvrtrM be
J suitably rewarded by leaving the same at thl*
t »HI«

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