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The Portland daily press. [volume] (Portland, Me.) 1862-1921, December 06, 1862, Image 1

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JOSEPH B. HALL, ! Bdltor8*
is published at No. 8ft} EXCHANGE STREET,
in FOX BLOCK, by
Under the firm name of
Ter in s:
The Portland Daily Press is published every
morning, (Sundays excepted), at 90,00per year in ad
vance, to which will be added twenty-five cents
each three mouths’ delay, aud if not paid at the
of the yoar the paper will be discontinued.
Single copies three cents.
Hates of Advertising:
Transient Advertisements, 91.00 per square,
for three insertions or less; exceeding three, and not
more than one week, 91 25 per square; 76 cents per
week after. One square every other day one week,
9UtX); 60 cents per week after.
Exhibitions, fcc., under head of Amusements,
$82.00 per square per week.
Special Notices, 91.60 per square for first week,
91.00 per week after.
Business Notices, in reading columns, 12 cents
per line for one insertion. No charge less than fifty
Legal Notices at usual rates.
Advertisements inserted iu the Maine State
Press (which has a large circulation in every part of
the State) for 38 cents per square in addition to the
above rates for each insertion.
Transient advertisements must be paid for in ad
jy All communications intended for the paper
should be directed to the “Editors of the Press,” and
those of a business character to the Publishers.
iy The Portland Daily and Maine State
Press Office, in Fox Block, No. 82} Exchange
Street, is open at all hours during the day and eve
ning, from 7 o’clock in tho morning to 9 in tho
gy Job Printing of every description executed
with dispatch; and all business pertaining to the of
fice or paper promptly transacted on application as
Saturday Morning, Dec. 6, 1802,
Delivered Thsukigiving Day, Nov. 27, 1862, in Free
Street Church iu this citv, and repealed by request
the Sabbath afternoon following, bv Rev.Georoe
W. Bosworth, D. D., Factor.
Text:—But I will aiug of thy power, yea. I will ting
aloud of thy mercy iu the moruiug. for thou hast
been mv delenae and my refuge In the day of trou
ble. —tl'Sa LX Lix. 16.
The experience of mercies always demands
the expression of gratitude; and more loudly
when mercies are mingled with judgments.
Nothing can be more base for a people in the
day of trouble, than to fail to acknowledge th«
protection and deliverances which God accom
plishes for them.
This Psalm is a lesson on such matters. It
is made up of prayer ami praise. It was com
posed by David to celebrate his escape when
Saul caused his house to be surrounded by sol
diers who were ordered to kill him when he
should come out.—1 Sain., xix. This event
formed the commencement of Davitl's loug
continued flight, during which he experienced
unheard of dangers and nameless sufferings.
This Psalm was composed during this gloomy
period, and therefore makes mention of deliv
erances obtained, while it implores the contin
ued interposition of God in his behalf because
of the enemy. Its allusions and sentiments are
general, that they may lie appropriated by ail
who may be similarly situated.
Mark well the moral basis of the Psalmist’s
addresses to Gml. He addresses God in a
most filial main. or. “Gray God.” “God Is
my defense.” “ TUo God of my mercy shall
prevent me.” “ Thou hast been my defense
and refuge in the day of my trouble.” “ Un
to Thee, O my strength will I siug: for God is
my defense, the God of my mercy.” Hero
we behold the subdued emotions of a mel
low hearted child turning unto the great
* Father in confidence and cheerful hope. And
In every great calamity in which God's peo
ple participate, they have been heard to ad
dress Him as their God, and to cry unto Him
for deliverance.
Moreover, David urges his own innocence
as to the enemy which has risen up agains t
him. “ The mighty are gathered against me ;
not for my transgression, not for my sin, O my
Lord.” He meant uot to say that his afflic
tions, as coming from God, lmd no justiflea
> tion in himself, but that he had given the ene
my no just ground for such violent treatment.
It was an appeal to Omniscience as to his in
nocence in respect to Saul. Aud being inno
cent he could properly plead witli God to dis
comfit and overthrow him. Ills prayer is the
cry of injured and persecuted innocence, seek
ing redress of Him “ to whom vengeance be
longs.” Nor can the assailing party in any
conflict reasonably hope for the divine inter
rsitiou in their behalf, for their success. God
always on the side of the innocent, and the
wronged. He may use the wicked as the rod
with which He chastises his people; hut He
will never help the wicked to accomplish their
purposes. These two facts correspond with
the double character of the Psalm. In the ex
ercise of filial love, David acknowledges deliv
erances, while, conscious of inuocenceund the
rectitude of his cause, he implores God for final
and complete success.
Is not this Psalm suited to us as a nation in
trouble? Our euemy, without just cause, lias
hrnnoiit. unnn us fruont fvilumitios unit throat.
ens yet greater ones. But Goil hath wrought
extraordinary deliverances already for us,
which demand the exercise aud expression of
devout gratitude, and thanksgiving. While
the night yet lingers we may say with David,
“ I will sing of thy potcer, yea, I w ill sing
aloud of thy mercy la the morning: for thou
hast been my defense and refuge in the day of
my trouble.” And I propose to notice some
Iff the events of the war now pending which
call for devout thanksgiving.
1st. In any such enumeration we should
never omit the singular unanimity and spoil
taneouimens with which the North rose up to
meet, and continues to resist, this monstrous
rebellion. This universal up rising of the Free
States was wholly unexpected by the South.
They had contidently calculated that those
here who had been their political friends and
co-operators would, at least, refuse to take
up arms against them. They reckoned the
strength of their allies living in the Northern
States, sufficient to neutralize the exertions of
those w ho might be disposed to resist them by
force and arms. They never expected to con
front their old associates leagued so closely
with their common political opponents. This
fact shows this union of the North to be re
Scarcely less surprising was the spontaneous
and universal up rising of the people here, to
themselves. It was the theme of grateful men
tion, and the cause of Bplendid outbursts of
eloquence, in every speech from rostrum or
pulpit. It was hailed as a phenomenon only
second in marvellousness to the rebellion it
self. Such a fusion of political parties, such a
suspension of partizan strife, such a flowing
together in the exercise and practice of a com
l mon patriotism of those who. but a few mouths
* previous, had been arrayed in conflicting sec
tions in support of opposing platforms, was
admitted to lie wonderful by all. We felt
that some spirit from above was moving
upon the heart of the multitude, calling
forth those deep, moral sentiments of our
common humanity, which will evermore take
the side of truth and justice. We felt awe
This union at the North was far more spon
taneous, prompt, and powerful than that at the
South. Here it was immediate and almost
universal, from the day of the bombardment of
Fort Sumter. At the South there ere entire
States which came slowly and reluctantly into
the hostile confederation. From the other
States there were many thousands who fled,
leaving their homes and their possessions and
B business, to escape violent treatment for not
uniting in a rebellion which they disapproved.
Many who remained and are now among the
supporters of the Confederacy, gave in their
allegiance and support with a hesitancy and
reluctance most suspicious, and strangely in
contrast with the unanimous and spontaneous
and simultaneous movement of the North. The
reign of terror enforced in many parts of the
South, and the necessity for the military con
scription, go to show that the union of feeling
and action there, have not in them that free
spontaneousness which is so natural In true
patriotism. In contrast with what exists at
the South, even now, tile union witlr us is re
markable. How promptly have our immense
armies been raised! How cheerfully have lib
eral bounties been paid! How wonderfully
has the whole country worked and sacrificed,
and jioured out treasure, to meet the necessi
ties of the sick and wounded. In these bless
, ed charities, neither party lines, nor denomi
k national lines have been recognized. Here
there a man has looked on coldly, or spok
s.*^,«'couragingly. Here and there a treach
p^y heart has been uncovered and overt acta
i.-ivV'ihown a man or woman in alliance with
the rebellious. Hut how few the numberl Is
it not remarkable ?
And this unanimity and co-operation sub
stantially remains. It was to be expected that
political questions and conflicts should come
up, nnd that old party lines would bo reform
ed. Hut a* yet there is no party ayain.il the
tear. As yet there is no party to declare for
the rebellion, or for the Confederacy. Among
the people, in the army, nnd out ot the army,
there can be no such party. The patriotism of
the North is too deep, and the love for our
fret; institutions is too pure to render the form
ation of such a parly possible. The men will
be larld indeed who shall attempt leadership in
such a direction, and will find they have reck
oned without their host. Traitors and spies
there are among trs 1n every State perhaps,
and likely enough in every department of
State, and in every portion of the army. What
else could be expected from such vigor on the
part of our enemies, and such leniency on our
j ow n part. But the masses are one. The mass
t es, ot all ranks, and conditions, and professions,
*•••«« pvvwji aih-< v.vio * in.’ iiuitiiiiimj 13 i via
tiveljr much greater and more powerful than
was that found among the American people
during the period of the Revolution. Yet the
union manifested then was deemed wonderful.
I doubt whether such a union on the part of
the supporters of the government has ever lieeu
witnessed in the whole history of rebellions.
Tlie importance of this unanimity is beyond
all computation. It tends to sustain our forti
tude and patience. It is a powerful argument
in favor of the rectitude of our cause. Were
there among us a large and influential class
who feared and felt that we were wrong, and
should finally tail of the divine approbation,
the hands and hearts of all would be weakened.
Even if such were overborne and dared not
speak, yet the knowledge that they had such
convictions would do much to neutralize the ar
dent zeal of many. The unanimous conviction
of a great people is a tremendous force, not
only among themselves, but a force which acts
on foreign nations. It lias had incalculable in
fluence in keeping foreign nations out of our
domestic strife. Even our lata political dis
cussions are viewed by the English Govern
ment as indicating some slight prospect for her
future intermeddling; a hope she will aban
don when site finds that all parlies are substan
tially one in the purpose to resist the rebellion.
England will never interfere with us while we
press our cause with such spontaneous unan
imity. And I need not say that this continu
ally acts against the South with tremendous
discouragement. It is worth to us 50,000 men
in arms at least. Could they see a division
of sentiment and purpose among ourselves,
their hearts would exult witli hope, and their
arms would lie invigorated with new energy.
Now then, tiave. we not cause for devout
thauksgiviug to God for this prompt and so
long continued union of sentiment and feeling
concerning this struggle? It is one chief bul
wark of our defense, for which we ought to
be grateful to Him who moves the hearts of
men. It excited our gratitude at the begin
ning of the conflict, ami it deserves a deeper
gratitude to-day. We are an united people.
Tlie free States of the North have not I wen
rent into alienated sections. Freedom's holy
sympathies have yet proved stronger than the
combined power of slavery. And while we
thunk God tliat we are yet thus united, let us
guard and cherish these sacred Immls. Let us
be mutually forbearing aud conciliating, and
courteous, and confiding, and unite more and
more closely in those measures and exertions
which are manifestly necessary for the support
of the national government and the common
Another just cause of gratitude and praise
is, our material prosperity. Perhaps never
in the history of the Republic was this great
er. The earth never yielded more bountifully.
The manufactures of the nation were never
more severely worked, or with greater profits.
There never probably were so many men at
work, actually producing or earning a liveli
hood, as at the present time. Multitudes at
home perform double labor, and thus supply
tlie loss of the labor of those in the army, and
support them by the extra toil.
Probably the North was never richer in real
wealtli than she is to-day. Rut a small frac
tion of our gold aud silver lias been exported
since the war commenced. For many months
our imports of the precious metals have equal
led our exports. The high rates of exchange
are not the result of the scarcity of gold, but
tlie result of its being kept in secure deposit,
and of speculation. And even this high rate
of exchange has, doubtless, mercifully pre
served us from a large expenditure in needless
foreign luxuries. It has aided us to keep our
real wealth. And now it is aiding us in ex
porting our natural products, which bid fair
soon to reduce tlie present rate of exchange,
as well as further to enrich us.
Tlie war is indeed enormously expensive;
but the paymeut of this expense is pratically
but little more than tlie rapid circulation of
immense wealth among us. The coun
try, nt all events, the North is not wasted, nor
is it in a process of exhaustion. Substantial
prosperity reiyns eccryuthere. It is a wonder
to ourselves. We arc just waking up to our
own condition, and learning our real strength.
It is an astonishment to our contemporaries of
the Old World. The secret is threefold:—
our vast accumulations, our inexhaustible nat
ural resources: and the industrial habits and
practical ability of our people. God lias beeu
preparing the nation for this very crisis, a sure
sign He means we shall succeed. We are able
to I>ear the burdens resting upon us. Tlie
institutions which we have cherished have
produced habits and developed energies aud re
kmirf'PH tl'lliclt Oil'll.In Ha to tiiii.ii tin. nouoiilt
which these institutions are now suffering.
Such a national spectacle was never before ex
hibited, such prosperity in connection with
such a war, and such a rebellion. The resour
ces of the North have never before been un
covered, the industry and business capacity of
the nation have never been tested or compre
hended. The Independence of the Free States
both of the Soutli and Foreign Nations could
never have been so clearly demonstrated as by
the present exigencies. Our reserved resour
ces, not only in money, but in the products of
the earth,—the last and chief source of all
wealth, and in the material for w ar both on sea
and on land, have been Imt partially drawn
upon, while they are being increased every
In all this I see cause for devout gratitude,
and sincere thanksgiving to God. He has giv
en another fruitful season. He lues crowned
the year now closing, with goodness, and caus
ed our paths to drop fatness. Our pastures
have been clothed witli flocks; the valleys al
so have been covered over witli corn. He lias
multiplied our men, stern, stalwart men who
love to work and know how to make the most
of their advantages. He lias raised up men
of eminent practical wisdom to manage our
national affairs, both ]iolitical and financial.
He has thus laid the foundation for a hope of
ultimate success which ought to inspire us
with cheerfulness and gratitude.
3d. Important successes have been secured
in the war. The enemy hies exhibited remark
able energy, a fertility of expedients unantici
pated, resolution and co-operation unlooked
for, though not inexplicable. Their achieve
ments are truly remarkable,unparalleled! The
world cannot but admire; and we should Join
in this admiration were not the grand aim and
purpose so detestable and abhorrent. But not
withstanding the enemy has commanded and
combined sucli resources, fought on his own
territory, lor tiis own independence of those
whom lie hates, fought, ill many instances, lor
life itself, and therefore with a desperation
which cannot be expected on our part ordina
rily, he has been defeated and driven back.—
He has gained numerous victories; but the
war, thus far, has gone against him. He has
not maintained himself in a single State, the
possession of which has I icon fairly contested.
In Missouri, in Kentucky, in Tennessee, and
in Virginia even, he has not maintained cren
the dcfenxive with success. Iu each of these
States he has made repeated attempts to drive
back the invading army of the North, and has,
in each case, signally failed, llis late attempts,
both in the West and iu the East, to carry the
war into the Free States, proved utterly un
successful. I think it may lie set down as set
tled that, thus far in the border States, the war
has gone against the South. ®e strength,
and position, and resources of the two armies
to-day, viewed together witli their entire
course, decidedly preponderate iu favor of the
Then look at the actual aggressions which
have been made, upon the territory and strong
places of the Confederacy, and in no case lost
again. Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Suffolk,
witli the Navy Yard in active operation one
year since, and the James river, the entrance
into which was commanded by these places,
are now all in our possession. The Sounds
and entire sea coast of North Carolina may lie
regarded as in our hands, together with no in
considerable portion of the State itself. A
most important foothold has boon obtained 1
in South Carolina at Hilton Head and Btau
fort. The coast of Florida Is iu our posses
sion, and portions of the State arc about to be
colonized by northern agti-uituilsb. Pensa
cola and its navy yard, one year ago a strong
hold of rebellion, lias been secured. New Or
leans is also ours. Galveston, with the entire
coast of Texas is now in our hands, or within
easy reach. Only a short portion of the Miss
issippi waters remain under the coutrol of the
Confederacy. Tennessee, Kentucky, and Mis
souri have twice been delivered from the pres
ence of hostile armies. Thus in nearly every
State of the Confederacy the Federal govern
ment has obtained a prominent and important
place, which may be made a base of yet fur
ther aggressive o|>erations. These conquests
extend around the entire coast of the Confed
eracy, and through its western center. Indeed,
there remain but four important places to be
secured, in order completely to destroy their
entire commerce, aud to put an end to their
naval operations.
Nor is this all; the occupation of those pla
I P»*:t 11 V Witli 111- tlio limits**! n«ivil liirpn it
our command last winter, has filled tlie enemy
with fear and trepidation for the places yet in
their possession. They make no secret of their
solicitude. They see and feel that our enlarged
fleet and army can easily finish the work which
lias been so auspiciously commenced. And
this fear is the precursor of the coming reality.
The successes of our naval operations last
season were of incalculable importance, and
have not been duly appreciated. They weak
ened the commerce of the Confederates amaz
ingly, withered tlie confidence which they had
inspired among foreigners concerning their ul
timate success, and increased the effectiveness
of the blockade so as to silence all foreign com
plaint. And while these successes have had
such depressing influence upon the opposition
both at home and abroad, they have inspired a
confidence in our army and navy which, if not
abused, will prove of great value. Besides all
this, it is most signifteautand encouraging that
no place once taken lias ev’er been retaken by
tlie foe. Ills losses have been dead losses.
And these have surely been sufficient to show
that he cannot sustain, even a war of defense.
Every attempt to regain the grouud from
which lie lias been driven has signally failed.
His campaigns in Tern lessee and Kentucky and
in Virginia have demonstrated his inability to
recover himself, or to regain his power in those
States, while his single invasion of free ter
ritory, and hasty retreat, must have destroyed
all his hope in that direction.
This last fact deserves a fuller recognition.
The Southern army marched into Maryland
up to the borders of Pennsylvania, when as
strong its it can ho|>o ever to tie again, when
flushed witli victory, when animated with the
hope of plunder, and with the not unnatural
purpose of punishing us for the desolation
which had followed the invasion of Southern
territory, by coinmittiug similar depredations
in the Northern States. Our army was in a
languishing condition, disheartened, demoral
ized, many of its licet commanders dead, and
others inefficient, or even worse than that; yet
nothing was accomplished by this bold at
tempt, of substantial advantage to the Confed
eracy, while, for us it is a demonstration that
their successes will be confined to their own
familiar fields. There has been evidently a
limit set for the proud waves of this rebellion,
which it cannot pass.
As we review these successes ought we not
to be devoutly grateful to God? May we not
have been guilty of unduly appreciating them?
Because we have noterushed the vital part of the
monster anil extinguished ids life, may we not
have been discontented and murmured, while
we ought to have felt that God has done for
us great tilings for which we should praise
Him? May we not be like the ungrateful
petulant child, who, because he cannot have
all lie asks at the instant, refuses to accept the
gilts which a judicious and kind pareut be
stows-upon him? Alas! that we know not
when God is blessing us! It was one of God’s
lamentations over Israel, “But they knew not
that I healed them.” We insist ou looking at
single events when we ought to survey tlie
combined events of the entire period. Tlie
agent of a vast enterprise cannot stop to look
alter every little thing. He must rely upon
tlie main operation for ultimate success. So
long as tlie grand event approaches we should
be cheerful.
4. This enumeration of lilessimrs would be
incomplete were I to tail to mention the mor
al results already secured or likely to be se
cured by this contest. Tile events of the past
two years have revealed the weaknesses and
the corruptions, and deficiencies of our na
tional and social character, and our necessities
in this direction. We begin to see that we
have been too exclusively devoted to the pur
suits of wealth and personal aggrandizement,
and have criminally neglected the work of
government. It lias long been one of our na
tional sins not to hold our public servants re
sponsible for their good character and the
faithful discharge of their high trusts. The
emoluments of office have not been duly bal
anced by its responsibilities rigidly enforced.
Base and unlit men have held posts of honor,
only to dishonor them. The crimes of public
men have not been suitably rebuked and pun
ished. Ily such means the tone of public mor
als has been lowered, good men have been
disgusted with politics and neglected their po
litical duties, and—a worse result still—l!c
publican government had begun to sink in the
estimation of many.
The present trials are leading good and
great men in all parties and professions, to
search out these radical defects and diseases in
the body politic. Already they have begun
to expose them, tvs you will find if you will
read their speeches, instead of the sensation
rumors in the newspapers. Public attention
will, I trust, be fixed on these evils, and their
career will be checked. The sad lessons we
are uow learning w ill help school statesmen,
legislators, political economists, and diploma
tists, who shall equal those noble men who
were trained in the severe experiences of the
period of our Bevolution.and bring to the ad
ministration of national afiiiirs the highest wis
I dom and fidelity. And surely whatever is
! working for us such a needed renovation de
| rnands our gratitude.
Already has the patriotism of the people
been much purified and developed. The love
of country slept in our bosoms because there
was nothing to wake it: it languished because
there was nothing to exorcise it: it was insi
pid, and foolish, because never made sober,
sturdy and discriminating by great trials. We
boasted and bragged. Our self-adulation was
often indiscriminate, and unreasonable,and dis
I gusting to foreigners. But perils, and con
flicts, and taxes, and blood have waked up and
brought out our patriotism wonderfully. It is
refreshing, amid the terrible moral winter now
upon us, to see this beautiful flower,—these
delicate crocuses springing up from beneath
the snow in prolusion, true harbingers of
spring. Our young men are catching tlie holy
tire, and the noble impulses they are now cher
ishing, and the stern training they are now re
ceiving, the national experience they are now
I working into their characters, cannot fail kto
render them worthy to receive and fit to dis
charge the responsibilities of free men and cite
izens of a mighty republic.
Our political and social institutions are be
ing subjected to new tests Which promise the
most favorable result. The process is, of ne
cessity, long and fearful. But the progress of
civilization and Christianity has always been
slow, and attended by violence. Let us not,
however, look only on the sail scenes of the
conflict, and refuse to be comforted by the
prospect of ample compensations for ail that is
to be sacrificed or suffered.
The trial now pending is developing and ex
posing to the nations, tin; inherent power of
Republican institutions, in a remarkable man
ner. The ability of our national system to de
fend itself from domestic enemies lias already
astonished tire world. The young giant of the
west has already displayed a vitality more vig
orous and buoyant .and a wiadom more mature,
than anything exhibited in the history ol na
tions. This demonstration is already begin
ning to produce its legitimate influence in
moulding the sentiments d feelings of the
old world in our favor. On •successes are fast
compelling the nations who fave hated us to
respect us, England at Hrst *ewed our strug
gle with wavering sentiment Soon,—and it
was not strange—old disllk. i and deep-rooted
prejudices came to the surface, and the lead
ing expressions and •iivill-L_ rations were de
cidedly in sympathy v * the confederacy.
There were expressions fly the government,
but these were too faint, o he thunder of the
opposition was too louil to allow of their being
heard. But already a pou i ful reaction has
commenced. Powerful writ, in Europe have
looked beyond the itnmediat i deplorable con
sequences, to the nature of the conflict. And
every serious effort to understand 'the nature
and purpose of the gigantic struggle, brings
with it new reasons (or modifying most of those
opinions which were hastily advocated by the
popular organs of English opinion at its'first
outbreak. The Westminster Review for Oe
toner says—--i ne symptom* 01 reaction in Eng
lish opinion arc now. as might lie expected.lic
corning every day more decided; the time
which has elapsed has allowed of study, the
requisite information has been acquired, and
before long, in spite of exasperated feeling, a
more full measure of justice will lie meted out
to the North than it lias yet received at Eng
lish hands." This reaction has been led on
by several powerful works by leading minds
in Europe which have discussed our present
struggle in a masterly maum r. And it is the
more grateful as it is the is re valuable, be
cause it lias been the result, ot of our own
exertions or agencies, hut the obtruding
merits of our cause, and in pile of foreign
prejudices, and of tlic stead « \ertions of do
mestic enemies. It is tie- w y ne ebb of a
powerful tide which no pew on earth can ar
rest. The friends . . r.i_ ive Christian civ
ilization will throw tbemseh . upon its rising
waves, followed by the rr, illloi.. of the common
people; and the proud i 1 isiei and minions
of monarehs will not Is' far oqtiiiid.
Meanwhile we know full w I, that the strug
gle now pending is a legitiu and meritnble
conflict between the two kinds of civilization
which have been working togstliar in our na
tional system from the outset, each kind ex
treme in its character,—the hut form of re
publicanism and the worst form of slavery.
No constitution, no administ atiou has ever,
or can ever bring them into easy co-operation.
They are in their nature and Influence, unlike
and antagonistic. They arc ‘lie flesh and the
spirit which war against each other. 'This an
tagonism is not in the rrtcei, but in the systems.
They never worked in harmony, ami never
Our present conflict is t’.- severest and
most demonstrative trial of the relative
strength anl vitality of these two forms of civ
ilization, mat the world has. ever witnessed.
Eu i v day increases the inter- st with which it
is viewed b/ reflecting men 1 uh at home ami
abroad. As the conflict ad» .^. s each party
is forced hack upon its reserved resources.
Neither will surrender till exhausted. The in
teference of other nations willouly bring such
nations into the ring, and increase the scope
and fury of the contest. The issues cannot be
thus changed. Nay, such intervention in be
half of the South would only serve to range
monarchists on the side of tyranny, where
they are supposed by many to belong. And
the result woulifbe one grand and awful con
test between freedom and oppression. And,
at length, the world is destined to know which
Is the more powerful. Which is destined to
triumph ?—is a question of tremendous inter
est, the greatest question now before the
world. That is destined to be answered by
the turning of another: Which can command
tlie greatest resources? Both parties are cou
lldent of ultimate victory. We shall see which
is disappointed. Should it prove in the end,
that freedom gradually withdraw- from slavery
its vital valves and its main reliance j should
the youthful Hercules lift Antonis from the
ground and squeeze him to death in his arms,
tile world, at all event- the lovers of freedom
throughout the world, will have occasion to
thank God for the desperate experiment and
dreadful encounter. Already the grand crisis
approaches, It is wonderful how steadily it
lias moved along, as if propelled by some di
vine, unseen band. No one can rejoice in the
rivers of blood and tears on which this enter
prise is borne ;but shall we not rejoice in the con
viction that these bloody sacrifices will obtain a
glorious redemption, liotli for our nation and for
multitudes ol tin-enslaved? I thank God that
tlie results promise to be a rich compensation
for all they shall cost. I bail in the distance
an auspicious morning. I begin to hope that
the solid foundations of tlie fathers shall yet
sustain a superstructure worthy of them. The
expectations of oppressed humanity which
have long hung upon the fortunes of the lte
pulilic, shall not be put. to shame. The morn
ing daw neth. Brigiit streams of rosy light
illumine tlie ea-t. And what if tlie dawn be
long in bursting into perfect day ? What if it
lie an oriental dawn w hich commences near
midnight ? It shall lie followed by an oriental
day. T he long and cheerful hours of that
cloudless day shall give tlie emancipated mil
lions opportunity to demonstrate that their
cause w as worthy of all this toll, this sacrifice
and blood. A contest so dreadful and thorough
shall need no repetition.
There are some plants which blossom but
once in a century. Generations must culti
vate them w ith benevolent luuids, iu patient
hope, and lie grateful for their growth.
Their joy must be the joy of anticipation;—
sympathy with the joy of coming generations.
Be this our joy, if need lie. We w ill thank
God that this fearful conflict is not all to be
lef t to our children. We will rejoice that we
may do and sutler something lor our race
which w ill be worthy of being remembered.
We will tliauk God that we may contribute
something to tho vital values ol the world.
I.. J. UlONKi,
141 Middle Slrrrl. - - ... Me.
/"e Watch-Maker,
N. It.—Ail work beintr promptly and person
ally attended to, is warranted to give thorou ' lis
J. Id. WINSLOW, A gout,
Steam Engines, Steam Boilers,
Steam Cocks, Valves, Pipes aud Connections, Whole
sale or Retail.
Done in the best manner.
Works 0 Union St., and 233 & 235 Pore St.,
I. D. WLItltlLL & CO.,
3? 35 XT M 33 35 K S,
No. 27 Union Street, Portland, Me.
Water Closets, Urinals, Force and Suction Pumps
Bath Boilers, Wash Bowls, Silver Plated tf Brass
Cocks, of all kinds constantly on hand.
All kinds of fixtures for hot and cold watei
set tin in the best manner.
Alt orders in city or country personally attended to
"Wholesale (3-rocers,
(Opposite head of Widgery's Wharf,)
Portland* Mr.
(Formerly WILLIAM C. 1IOW & CO.,)
-Dealers iu
Coal, Wood and Roofing Slate,
275 Commercial Street,
Opposite Smith’s Wharf..Portland, Ms.
WILLIAM C. HOW, ) novl tf
291 t'ousros* Street, Portland, Me.
Poultry, Vegetables, Country Produce, Ac.,
No*. 2,4 A 0 Warren Market, Portland.
iy Goods delivered in any part of the city, free
of charge. septt—3m
The Tailor,
With a large and well selected Stock of
Cloths, Cassimeres and Vestings!
Also a full assortment of
Military Cloths,
! And is nrenared to maki< them tin »t «hnri *
Call and See,
Portland, Sept. 24, IS®. dtf
Sheet Gutta Percha for Splint*,
, 373 Congrcss Street, ... Portland.
Best Ambrotype or Photograph,
DO not fail to call at No. 27 Market Square, where
they take PERFECT UKKNKSSLS, and war
! rant satisfaction, at pricer vhicli duty competition.
N. B.—Large Ambrotype* onlf/ Fifteen Cents.
27 Market Square, h’d. Preble St.
July 14th. 18C2. dtf
Widgery's Wharf, Portland, Me.,
PIdU M B i: Ii,
No. 121 Exchange Street, Portland, Me.
Warm, Cold and Shower Baths, Wash Bowls, Brass
and Silver Plated Corks.
INVERT Description of Water Fixtnre for Dwell
J lug Houses, Hotel*. Public Building*. Shin*, ice.,
arranged and net up in the beat manner, and all or
| der* in town or couutrv faithfullv executed. All
kind* of Jobbing promptly attended to.
Constantly onlmml, Lead Pipes and Sheet Lead,
and Beer Pumps of all kind*. juK2Bdly
Trunks! Trunks!
i Carpet-Bags,
A LAP u and Fashionable Stock of the above ar
ticle* ma> be found at tbit* establishment, com
prising every description for a traveling outfit.
Ju.' *). 1&2. dtiiu J. It. DLltAN.
J. ,11* BAKER,
Choice Family Groceries,
And Country Produce,
gy His friends and the public are invited to give
him a call. septlO—8m
Marble Work,
j. r. thojipso nr,
Is prepared to receive orders for
Marble, Free Stone, Soap Stone,
Marblo Chimney Pieces, Monumental Work and
Corner of Pearl and Federal St»..
je23tf PORTLAND. ME.
Foreign mid Domestic
1—0 Middle Street,
Would inform the pubiic that having purchased the
stock of
S. B. G O W E L L,
And taken the store recently occupied by him, (129
Middle Street,) are prepared to furnish Mr. Dowell's
former customers, at> well as their ow n friends and
the public, w ith
and at AS LOW PRICES as the same quality and
st\le can be purchased, at any other place in the
rrXo trouble to show goods: call and «ee before
purchasing elsewhere. ocl8
Commission Merchants,
j 85 Commercial St., opp. Thomas Illock,
John Q. Twitchell. juldldOm Ja s P. Cbamplin.
lias removed bis stock of
Picture Fnnej, Piper Hin inn Finrj Goods, 4e„ 4e„
Next door above the Rri< mh and American Express
Office, where he will ace imnndate all who may be iu
want of goods iu his liu*\ at very low prices.
Book-Binding and Picture-Framing,
Done iu ally as usual.
For sale at t' e above store by
Physicians and Families upplied with Medicine* and
books. Cases renewed and vials refilled.
June 24. 1862, eod6m
New Works !
Army Regulations.
53 Exchange Street
Sect. 27.1862. dti
THE undersigned respectfully informs the
public that lie has leased the above House,
on Federal Street, Portland, '’id iuvitts
the travelling community to call and see if
he knows "how to keep a hotel." Clean,
airy rooms, good beds, a well-provided table, atten
tive servants and moderate charges are (he induce
ments he holds out to those whose business or pleas
ure call them to the "Forest City."
Portland, Ang. 19, lHfiL*. dlt
By O. M. PL V M M J>:
886, Wasbixioto!. St., Bath.
•#*Term« 81 per d»y Stable connect, *
Bath, June 23, 1832. dtf
Alfred. Carr, * * Proprietor.
pd&XM TIIE City of Bath is one of the healthiest
localities on the coast of Maine—delightful
fiMH'l !/ **,ua,e4* 0,1 f*10 Kennebec, twelve miles
L£S^LM from the sea, and affords one of the most
Inviting retreats from the dost and turmoil of our
large cities.
The siAUADAHOCK is one of the finest, most spa
cious, and best appointed Hotels in the State, located
within thaee minutes walk of the Depot, Steamboat
Landing, Tost Office, C ustom House. Ac., being di
rectly in the business centre of the C ity.
Terns* Moderate by the Week or Day,
Bath, June 23,lb*J2. dtf
i E. O. Mayo, • * - • Proprietor.
|THE subscriber would very respectfully an
Inounc«> to tiie Btmetosa friends, and fba
■public generally, that during the temporary
—Jcompu.sorv -ii-ji. ;i*i«m of Yds busitw-ss he
-irni-hed this well-known house anew, and is
, oow better than ever prepared to wait upon his cus
tomers, and hope* by strfet attention to their wants
| to merit a continuance oi the patronage which he has
: hitherto received. E. t. MAYO,
l’assadumkeag, Jane 23, 1«82. dAwtf
Tlio NXocIol Cook!
Willi Two Oven,.
The gre»t«t of modem improvement* In the line of
Cook. Stoves,
Manufactured by the
Barstow Stove Company,
Whoso Castings stand unrivalled throughout New
The senior partner of the Company, whose experi
ence of nearly a quarter of a century in the btove
j Manufacture, says—that by an
we mean a stove so perfectly flttod aa to place the
j draft of the stove entirely within the control of the
; person using it; euabliug him to preserve either a
i wood or coal tire tor manv hours, by simply closing
the draft slide, thus securing great economy in time,
| and in cost of fuel, a* well as avoiding the dust con
sequent upon rekiudling.
But the novel—the peculiar feature ot the MODEL
COOK—that which distinguishes it from all others—
is the additiou of a Ventilated Roasting Oveu with! l
the body of the stove and in front of the tire: *o ar
ranged that it can be used separately for roasting, or
(by the removal of a simple plate) in connection with
I the larger oveu for baking.
Wherever these stoves have beeu used, they have
I given universal satisfaction.
—DEALER 121—
Stoves, Furnaces and Ranges,
From the celebrated Barstow Stov* Co.
a i-ompieie Aisonmem oi
Re|{M(<'n, Ventilators Ac.
The Vetrifled Water and Drain Pipe.
Lancaster Hall.
Sr All kinds of TIN and SHEET IRON WORK
done to order, at short notice. uov20
9100 Bounty Money, Buck Pay,
And Pension*,
THE undersigned is prepared to obtain from the
United State* Government, #100Bounty Money,
Back Pay, & c., tor heirs of Officers or Soldier* dying
i iu the U. S. service.
Invalid Pension*,
Established for Officer* and Soldiers, wounded op
, disabled bv sick ness contracted while in the service
ol the United States, iu the line of duty.
Procured for widows or children of Officers and Sol
diers who have died while in the service of the Un*
ted States.
Prize Money, Pensions. Bounty and Back Pay c<*
1 acted for Seamen ami their heirs.
Fees, for each Pension obtained, Five Dollars.
All Claims against the Government will reeo
prompt attention.
l’o»t Office address
August it. Me.
(Office No. 9 State House.)
Hon. Lot M. Morrill, lion. Joseph B. Hall.
U. S. Senate, Sec’r of State,
Hon. James t i. Blaine, Hon. Nathan Dane.
sep2Qd&vvl4tf State Treasurer.
flIHE subscriber hereby gives public notice to all
A concerned, that he ha* been dulv appointed and
taken upon himself the trust of Admiuistrstor of
the estate of
late of Westbrook,in the County nt mmberland,mer
chant, deceased, bv giving bond a* the law directs;
ho therefore request* a!! person* « ho are indebted to
the said deceased’s estate to make immediate pay
ment; and those who have anv demands thereon, to
exhibit the same ior settlement to
Westbrook, Nov. 18,1802. 23 w3w*
Marine In«iii*anre Company.
T'MmrtMriJSdrmli?'***0” of ,he Mutual
upiiSs?«i sunSaSr p*njr *iv* 1 ,i“
#200,000 ;
And that they are prepared t.» make Insurance on the
mutual principle, a.-iiiiwt marine ri-kv, not exceeding
#10,000 in any One Risk.
John Fatten, JFm. I), mond. O. E. R Patten,
Olner Moser, Sant I I inson, E. h Harding,
M Ki.ani.Hl, Arthur > *J|. J. 1*. Horse *
J. H. Mcl»llan, Lewi* Black mer, J»«ivid I’atten
Jas. h . ratten, fcj. A. Houghton, (..Jameson.
E. K. HAKDIMi, President,
Bath, July 3. IS«K- C UYUEd^eret>fy
Mutual Life Insurance.
New York Life Inanrnnre Comp’y,
Established in 1M5—Net Capital over
THIS Company has paid since its organization to
Widows, Orphan, aud Creditors of the Assured
upwards of '
Twelve Hundred Thousand Dollars
It Is one of the OMcst, Safest and most .Successful
Life Companies In the United State*, and affords to
Persons w ishing to participate in the henellis of Life
Insurance, advantages smutted, and in some re
spects not equalled by any other in this couutry.
Strict Economy -Otre in its Bisks, amt Safe Invest
ments. characterize its management.
» purely mutual company, all its urnjlls being
divided Among its member** ftiinuillr
lu Addition to All the various form# of H’holi
Liw*, Short Ter*. Endowment and Avkcitt
policies which it iwuw, we invite tptcial nttentum to
Anew frat ur? iu Life Insurance introduced by this
Company Home two yearn since, vis: the taming of
Life Policiwr not subject to Forfeiture,
and upon which the premium- cease at the end often
years, whereby under any and all rir.-nmsianres tho
money paid cannot be lo-t, but tbe original design of
the assured he attained, either in whole or In pert, In
onset proportion to the amount of premium paid.
No better evidence is needed of the prosperity and
success ol this Company than the fact showu by tho
recently published official reports, viz: that
Further information will be chpprfolly ftmilahed
ou application by mail or otherwise to
General Aqkht for the State of Maihr.
Office No.7 4Middle M.,opposite PoMoftiie.
TortUnd, Oat. 17,1832. ocl7 diw
Oflac 14 Middle, car. ef Rxckaaga *«..
Agent ofthe following FiRwrClA** luimranea Co', :
National Inaorance Company.
Of Hostno. ■ ■ Coali Capital and Sarpltu *500,00*.
Republic Fire Inaarance Companr,
Of New York. - - Ca-th Canital and Surplu*. *312,000.
Relief Fire Inaurnnre Company.
Of New Y'ork. - - Ca»h Capital ami 6arp!t». *.50,000.
Equitable Fire and Marine In*. Co.,
Of Providence.
Perfect Security. which ought ale ay* to he the
nr*t codridGfntkm in effecting In*uranee. is here ot*
fered to the public. at the lowest rate* prcnhsm
adopted by sound and r»ejHMtible companies.
Office in “Boyd’s Building,'* opposite l’ost Ofi.ce.
June 23. dftwtf
_ OFFIC 1 A L _
In the Year One Thousand Right Hundred mm,d
AN ORDINANCE relating to tin Ordinance en
titled Au Ordinance amending the Ordinance
on Health ”
Be it orda ned bp the Metpor, Aldermen, and Onn
num 1 “un! flu. (.'ity if I'ortUukd, in Citu Coun
cil oaf ambled, at follow* •—
Section!. That an Ordinance entitled “An Or
dinance am udiug the Oidinarco on Health” ap
proved June Ifh, HrW, be ami the same ii hereby re*
Section 2. That sections I9. 2rt, 2l 22 aud 23, of the
revised Ordinances on Hoahh bo, and the same are
hereby revived and in full force, provided, that any
person may cause his own swill to be removed in such
rnaum r as he deem proper, upon obtaining therefor,
a permit from the City Clerk. Aud the City Clerk
shall keep a record ot the permits so granted.
. . I* Crrr UorNciL, Not 24.1W3.
This bill hav<ug been read twice passed to be or
Nov. 25, l>S2—Approved hr the Mavor.
Attest: J. M. 1IEA I II, City Clerk.
no» 27 2w
Ordnance Office, War Department. [
Washington. November 24, l*«2 J
SEALED l’EiU’UiiALS wili he received by this
Department, uutil 4 o'clock, IV M.. ou the ninth
day of lVeetnbcr next, for the mauulaeture aud de
livery of the following projectiles, via:
5,000 ton-inch Solid Shot.
l,0U) fifteen-inch Shelia.
1.000 ilfteeu-irich Battering Shot.
The pi ojecriles to be made or the kind of metal,
and inspected after the rules laid down in the Ord
nance Manual, with the exception of tlie Battering
; Shot, which must be made of what is know u as gun
metal. Drawings of these projectile* cau be seen at
the principal arsenals of the United States, at tbo
ordnance Agency. No. to Worth strict. New York,
ami at tin* office.
The projectiles are to be ilelivered, free of chargo
for transportation, at the United Stages arsenal, on
Governor's Island, New York harbor, where they
will be inspected; and all such as mav bo rejected
must be removed, by the contractor, imuusiiately
after the inspection of each delivery
Bids will be received for any portion of the qnan
iity required. not less than BHO'of any one kind De
I liveries to lie mad** at follows: One teurh. of each
kind, withiu tiurty days after notification «»t accept
ance of tid. and uot Ie>s than one tenth weekly there
a .ter until all shall he ilelivered.
Payment will la* made by the Treasury Departnent
o the u-ual certificates of inspection aud receipt,
aller each delivery.
Bonds, with approved surety, will be required for
tbo faithful performance of contracts.
No bid will be eutt-rtained aides- it be accompanied
1 by au affidavit from the party making it. to the effect
that ho is au iron founder, and that if his bid is ac
ceded. the projectiles will be made at his foundry—
limning it and its location; aud the right is reserved
t< reject any and all bkls if deemed unsatisfactory for
any cause.
Proposals will be addressed to the undersigned at
Washington r.ty, aud will be endorsed “Proposal*
•»r l'rojectiles.”
Brig. Gen. Chwi ordnance.
I1U> mi/-i
l)i*M>liitinn of t opurl im-is Ilip.
T\ToTirE '* hereby given that th«* eopartuersrifp
' IN IdtherJo ex1- ing h-• ween tin -ubscnbers under
the lirra name of BIB >WN k PERKINS. is di«solv
ed by mutual consent ou this 25th dav of October.
The affair* of the late Arm will be settled bv W. T.
Brown k Co \V T BROWN. *
Portland. «>ct. 25,1?*3. RoBT R. PERKINS.

Portland Match Company.
milE undersigned having assumed the business ©f
I X the late Ann of Brown a P**rkm*. and having
j increased our iuci.ities for the manufacture of oar
in i» ito v e n w atcii,
: we are now prepared to supplv the trade in large or
small i|uantities with an article which wo warrant
| superior to any ottered in the market, it being the
| of American manufacture, for
Son Use,
by not being impaired by age, dampness or chang*
of climate; and the proprietors, ever grateful for lib
eral natrouage received, teel confident that. by gir
j ing tneir personal attention to the manufacture,they
j will continue to merit the couttdeuce of their forme*
patrons and of the trade in genet al.
No. 21 Fore Street. Portland, lie.
X. B. Be sure and get the TOR TL AXD MA TCHt
as there arc other matches offered to the trade mir
porting to be our match. We have no connection
with any other maun factory.
nov 26 U3w

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