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THE DAILY PRESS.
PORTLAND, MAINF, Friday Morning, January 9, I8C3. The Portland Daily Press has the larçeet regular circulation of any daily paper in the oity. To Our Reader*. The Governor's Message in lull, as delivered to the Legislature yesterday, occupies our columns this morning to the exclusion of almost everything except local and telegraphic news. On the first page will be found interesting details of the capture of Murfreesboro'. Letter from the State Capital· Acousta. .Ian. 8, 1861. The following appointments have been made since my last : Edward Simon ton, Searsport, 2d Lieuten ant Co. G, 20tli Regiment. Ephraltn W. Baker, Bingham, 2d Lieuten ant Co. H, 24th Regiment. William Harris, Portland, 2d Licutenarit Co. F, cavalry. Eustis C. Bigelow, Portland, 1st Lieutenant Co. F, cavalry. Frederic R. Estabrook, Assistant Surgeon, 24th Regiment. Henry Warren, Bangor, Captain, Co. G, 7th Regiment. Alden D. Palmer, Orono, Surgeon, 9th Reg iment. Albert W. Bradbury, Eastport, Captain, 1st Battery, vice Thompson, resigned. The 7th Regiment will shortly return to the seat of war. It Is now in numbers above tliu average of our regiments now in the Held. Skirmisher. The following is the address of Mr. Dlnglev upon taking the Chair as Speaker of the House of Representatives : Gentlemen of the flou*e of Rrpri tcntatirm: I tender you iny grateful acknowledgment for this expression of your confidence. In accept ing the position which you have so generously assigned me, I am not Insensible to the value of the compliment it bestows, and the weight of obligation and responsibility it imposes—a responsibility from which I might well shrink could I not confidently rely on your indulgence and cordial co-operation. In the discharge of the duties of the Chair, It will lie my aim to administer the rules of the House with fidelity and impartiality, having in view the fundamen tal principle of Parliamentary law, that the ftreat purpose of all the rules and forms of a egislatlve body, while they protect the rights of minorities by guarding against the hasty and irregular acts of majorities, is to subserve rather than to restrain the will of the assembly, to facilitate ami not to obstruct, the expression of its deliberate sense. I am ready,gentlemen, to proceed with the business of the House. îyTUe January term of the Supreme Judi cial Court for York county, commenced its session at Saco on Tuesday last, Judge Davis presiding. Hon. John H. Goodenow was a|> pointed County Attorney pro tem.. in the ab sence of Col. Kufus P. Tapley, now in com mand of the 27th regiment of Maine volun teers. jyA correspondent informs us that an ambiguous paragraph in the Press has given rise to the impression that Geu. Howard is to be relieved of his present command, in Sedg wick's corps. The impression is erroneous. fry*Vestenbtv's Argus hints that the Press it for sale. If that were so, we should select some other advertising medium; and we are not to be "sold" at any rate by the Argus. yyCol. F. D. Sewall, of the 19th Maine regiment, Is at home on a brief visit to his friends in Bath. · BY TELEGRAPH. LEGI8LÀTUBE OF MAINE. [SPECIAL DISPATCH TO TUE DAILY PRESS.J Auocsta, Jan. 8,1863. SENATE. Mr. Milltken of Kenneltec, from the Com mittee on Guliernatorial votes, reported : The whole number of votes returned 88.534 Kecsasarv lor s choice 44.26S Abner Voboru has 46,780 Bion Biadbury 33.H72 Charles D. Jameson 7,696 Scattering 86 The report was accepted, and Mr. Coburn was declared electe l. Messrs. Woods, Duran and Doc were ap pointed a Committee to prepare Rules and Orders for the Senate. Messrs. Woods, Moore and Philbrook were appointed on the part of the Senate to notify the Governor of his election, and subiequent ly reported that the Governor would meet both branches of the Legislature in conven tion at half-past 11 o'clock, lor the purpose of taking the oath of olliee. IS CONVENTION. At half-past 11 o'clock, a Convention was formed in the hall of the House ol Represen tatives, when Gov. Coburu, attended by Gov. Washburn, the members of the Council, and other Executive '«flicers, came in. The oaths of office were administered by President Kai" . well, and the Governor subscribed to them. Before the Convention dissolved, the mes sage of the Governor was received through the Secretary of State. It was read by Mr. Miller, Clerk of the House, and was received with applause. The Convention then dis Ci/«I DUit Bill, an act ceding certain territory in Kit tery to tile United States, was read and as signed. One thousand copies of the message were ordered to be printed for the use of the Sen ate.—Adjourned. HOUSE. The Speaker announced as Monitors Messrs. Drummotid, Kent, Turner, Low, Kogers, Far well, Jellison and Clark. Mr. Kingsbugf of Portland offered a bill, ceding the jurisdiction over certain lands in Seavey Island, Kittcry, to the United States, which passed to be engrossed. The report ol the Gubernatorial Committee was accepted, and Messes. Coney of Augusta, rerkins of Kennebunkport, Grant of Ells worth, Manson of ISangor, Hopkinson of Fort Fairfield, Trundy of Searsport, and Buckuain of Eastporfwere joiued to the Committee of the Senate to notify Gov. Coburn of his elec tion. The Committee subsequently reported the Governor's acceptance, and a convention of both branche» was formed for the purpose of qualifying him. [see senate proceedings.] After the Convention dissolved,orders were passed to faruish each member with copies of the laws, &c., and to lurnish the llouse with Webster's aud Worcester's Dictionaries.—Ad journed. Augusta, Jan. 8,18β3. The Governor's message, was well received and was considered a sound and statesmanlike document. There liai been no nomination as yet for Councillor in Waldo. The hearing in the Washington County Senatorial contested cases coines off to-inor row afternoon. The returns from the town of Cutler are to be investigated. The election of State officers aud Councillors will, probably, take place to-morrow. GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Itop reientaUte*: The political year which has just closed, and the one on which we have entered, will be re corded as the· most important anil critical in the history of this Slate and nation. A war ol' gigantic proportions has been raging for a period of twenty-one months, with varying fortune, with combatants constantly increasing in number, and with a stake at issue whose de cision may affect for weal or woe, not only ourselves and the unborn generations of our people, but popular right» and free institu tions throughout Christendom. In a contest of such maguitude, involving such momentous results, our own State has participated to the full extent demanded by her patriotism and her duty. From the hour that troops were firstsummoned by the Fed eral Executive for the defense of the national life, down to the present moment, our State has been zealously engaged i.n filling the ranks of the Union army. Within the entire period we have enlisted and sent to the Held twenty eight regiments of Infantry, one regiment of Cavalry, six Batteries of Light Artillery, and one company of Sharpshooters, besides fur nishing lour companies of Heavy Artillerists to man and guard the principal forts on our extended seaboard. These several liegiments and companies, including the recruits that have been raised lor them since they entered upon active service, present an aggregate of 33,137 men as Maine's direct contribution in defense of the I'liiou. In addition to this large body of volunteers, our citizens have enlisted in the regiments of other Stales and lu the Keg ular Army to the number of 2947 men, accu rately estimated iroin the returns made by towns in answering the demand· made upon them under the late calls of the i'resideut l'or troops. The total quota of troops demanded of Maine up to this time by the War Department, amounts to something less than the number we have actually furnished. The patriotism of our State has even surpassed the demands which the national exigency has made upon il. We have not only sent all the men asked of us, but we have sent good men and brave men. In a contest where all the loyal States have responded so nobly, it would be invidious and indeed positively offensive for one toarro \ gate peculiar and superior merit. We only claim with others to have done our part, and we recur with undisguised pride to the fact that on every battleileld where Maine troops liavu been called to participate, they have ac quitted themselves with valor and with honor —making a record of patriotic heroism which it will l>« alike the pride and duty of the State to cherish and per(>etuate. In addition to the men which Maine has fur nished to the army of Volunteers, we have contributed to the Naval and Marine serv ice more largely in proportion to our popula tion than any other State. The habits and oc cupation of a considerable number of our peo ple tit them pre-eminently for this service, and it is gratifying to know that our shipping ports and coast towns have sent forth swarms of hardy and well-trained seamen to maintain the honor of our Hag upon the ocean. It is greatly to lie regretted that the mode of en listment in the Navy Department docs not ac /•uritwlv if Mt all ovliihit tin» imtivil.v Hurl fit izcuship ·Γ those who filler it* service. If it Jiil we should Unci, according to our best esti mates, the names of at least four thousand Maine men enrolled in the Regular and Vol unteer Navy since the war commenced. For this large contribution the State has received no credit in any of the calls for volunteers for the army, and the result bus been that in our maritime towns the call Ibr troops has op I erated with peculiar hardship, though in al most every instance it lias been responded to 1 with the most patriotic readiness. Should the vicissitudes of war necessitate a further eall for troops, it is resjiectfully suggested that in apportioning the quotas of tin· various States, ' an allowance should lie made to .Maine for the number of men she has contributed to the Na val service. I Very full and satisfactory details of all that I relates to our troops, the mode of their en listment. their numbers, their condition and their achievements, will be furnished in the forthcoming Report of the Adjutant General. Among the most gratifying facts exhibited is, that the immense host which has gone from Maine, amounting in the aggregate for all branches of the service, to is literally an army of volunteers. The men have been raised without resorting, in any appreciable I degree, to the draft. Indeed it may l»e said t with truth that every soldier from Maine is a volunteer, for in the few towns where a dralt ! was ordered, a bounty was given to those who were selected with which to procure substi tutes, if they were reluctant to enter the serv ice. The fact that our quotas have thus been tilled, is an honorable proof of the patriotism of our citizens, and will ever form one of the proudest chapters in the history of the State. In several of our sister States provision has ι been made lor allowing those absent as sold : iers In the Union army, to vote at the general ' election. I think Ibis practice is wise, expedi I eut, and just. It would seein absolutely un ! fair and unequal that those who are periling so 1 much lor the common weal should be depriv ed iu the slightest degree of the common l>en eflts and the common privileges of the citizen. We all owe an immeasurable debt of grati tude to those who are battling in the Held for our civil rights and our nationality,and it cer tainly becomes us to manifest our appreciation of tlielr heroic devotion anil patriotism, not ·' by jnere words of oniony or thanks, but by 1 substantial tokens of our sympaLhy and our regard. 1 recommend, therefore, that ade quate provision be made for allowing our sold iers to vote while in service, and if the exten sion of this privilege should even require a change iu our State Constitution, it would, 1 • think, lie wise to make it. This necessity I might involve delay, but it would have a cotn : pensating advantage in the fact that the change, ' when made, would embody the direct will of the people, and would have the stability of or ganic iaw. STATE FIN ANCES. The condition of the Slate Finances will be fully exhibited in the report of the Treasurer, I soon to be laid before you. Our expenses i have been increased in varisus ways by the ! existence of the war, but not in such a inau j ner as to embarras the Treasury, oppress the ' people, or atiect our credit. Indeed at no pre ! vious period have our State bonds coininaud 1 ed so high a premium in the market as they have during the past year. Let it be our con j stant aim, by prudence and economy in our ] expenditures, ami by the most rigid observ ance of iiublic failli, to maintain our Slate : credit untarnished through all tin· mutations ; iinil trials to which we may be subjected. At tin- outbreak of the rebellion, our State ; debt amounted to $699,000; of thin sum $850, j 000 was on accouut of the Massachusetts lauds purchased in 1853, and the remainder was incurred during the Aroostook war and in the years anterior thereto. During the year 1801, war loans were negotiated to the gross amount of $800,000, while in March last the maturing installment of the old debt, amount ing to $30,00<f, was paid. The precise bonded debt of the Slate at this lime, therefore, is $1,469,000. The total outlay from the Treasury on no count of the war, up to the close of the past year, amounts to §1,1*27,707.62. It is confi dently asserted that these expenditures have, been characterized by the most judicious eco nomy, and the accounts have been kept with accuracy and perspicuity, sustaiued through out by the most amply authenticated vouch ers. Primarily the whole sum thus expended constitutes a claim against the United States, and up to this time accounts in detail to the amount of $1,001.0011.(11, have been presented lor auditing and liquidation, leaving a balance of $36,097.01 yet to b·· presented. <>n these accounts the Secretary of the Treasury has paid $320,000. He has further ordered our State to be credited wilh the payuiment of its share of the direct tax under the twenty mil lion bill of August 5, 1861. This tax, after \ the deduction of 15 per centum for the State's assumption of its pay ment, amounted to $357, [ 702.lo, and its credit to us, together with the $320,000 just named, make an aggregate payment to us from the Federal Treasury of $450,065.42, to be farther increased, as ju^t mentioned, #y the sum of $30,097.91. Of this sum it is entirely probable that the amount paid as bounties to the first ten regiments, viz: ; $1!*6,897.41. will not be allowed, and hence the j amount expected from the General Govern 1 ment is $289.865.92. This will probably be I paid to us in cash or its equivalent as soon as ! the accouuts shall have been audited by the proper bureau in the Treasury Department. The latest information we have as to tin; accounts does not lead us, however, to expect their payment in season to have the money used for any of the appropriations you may be called on to make at this session. The exigencies of the past year in enlisting I additional troops under the calls Irom the President, compelled the raising oflarge sums of money for the payment of bounties, which it seemed not, ouly expedient, but absolutely necessary to give. The amount desired was advanced by various banks on the request of my predecessor, in the lull faith that you would legalize the transaction and assume payment of whatever is due. 1 take it lor grauted that there will be no hesitation In adopting this course. The action of my pre decessor was doubtless in accordance with the wishes of a very large majority of our people; it was dictated by the highest patriotism, and it was done when the exigency was so pressing that it was deemed impracticable to assemble the Legislature for seasonable co-o|>eration in procuring a loan. The total sum thus ne gotiated, with the interest accrued, amounts to some $340,000, and the details of its expen diture will be fully exhibited in the Report of the Adjutant General. I respectfully urge that you provide promptly for its payment. Λ further use ot the Slate credit will lie called for in carrying out the provisions of'an act in aid of the families of volunteers," passed by the last Legislature. The act contemplates the assumption by the State, within certain prescribed limits, of whatever expenditures towns may make to aid the families of those in the ranks of the Union armn. Its object is just anil beneficent, and its effect has l>een very marked in inducing men to enlist who would have been lo^i to go had they not, seen this provision made for their support. In this view, the act constitutes a species of eontracton the part of the State with the soldiers, and we thus stand pledged to its faithful observance. Its repeal or any uioditlcation which would ren der it less beneficial to those for whose advant age it was Intended, would lie a breach of faith on the part oftlie State. The maintenance of the act in its full spirit and effect has, therefore, passed from a question of legislative expedien cy to one of public honor. There is a change, however, which may be made in it. entirely consistent with the views just expressed. Ify the 4th section of the act it i> directed that the amounts found due to the several towns shall, on the llrst day of March, lie passed to their credit by the State Treasurer "in a book kept for the purpose, and shall draw interest on and ultcrthat date. Anil oil the said llrst day of March, rhe Treasurer shall issue to such city, town or plantation, in his capacity of Treasurer, his scrip for the amount found due to each, respectively, made payable to the order of sucil city, town or plan tation, at the Slate Treasurer's office, at the pleasure of the Stale, with annual interest." I think this mode of paying the towns is unsatisfactory, and for many reasons objec tionable. It will prove inconvenient to the towns to have running accounts with the State, and settlements by small due bills, while it will increase the labor of the Treasur er and be derogatory to the State to have its obligations floating about for small sums which ought at once to be liquidated by cash payment. I recommend, therefore, that the section lie so amended as to direct the Treas urer to pay the ascertained dues to these towns in cash on the first day of March ; and if the current funds In the Treasury are insuf ficient therefor, that he be authorized to nego tiate a loan lor the purpose. Not the least ad vantage to the State in this arrangement is the saving ol interest on all payments made with current tunds, and the gain of the pre mium by negotiating a regular loau when ex tra funds become necessary. 'ΓΙ... t/,ι.ιΙ nf„ Inln flip Tri'twTit'V fpnln all source» for the year 1802, amounted to M50.812.03, and the expenditures were $033, leaving a halance of i',14,353.54 ill the Treasury on the flr-t of the present month.— Full details under these heads will lx; found in the Treasurer's Report. The State tax was increased l>v the last Legislature to $413, I 074.41, in view of the extraordinary expendi I ttires entailed by the times. As compared I with a large majority of the States in the ; I'nion, our tax is still a very moderate one. and indeed of the total tax paid by our ! own people, it constitutes a much smaller pro ; portion than is generally supposed. It is i now at the rate of two and a half mills to the dollar, whereas the tax actually assessed for ' all purposes in the various towns and cities I ranges from 0 to 13 mills—very few towns be . ins: under the first named figure. It will thus lie seen that the burdens imposed by the Slate Government are in no sense oppressive. In deed, considering the duties of the State Gov ernment, its large and beneficent field of use 1 fulness ill its Executive, Judicial and Legisla I live functions, it may well be affirmed that no I other form of administration was ever main tained at once so effective and so cheap. 1 have already alluded to the fact that with in the past year the sum of $30,000 of the State debt was paid. During the present year fifty thousand dollars more will mature, and I earnestly recommend that It be paid, in 1 «lead of l>eiiig renewed, as has too frequently been our custom in the past. The policy of liquidation, in my judgement, is the true, safe, wisely economical one for the State to adopt. ; Whatever may lie the theory or the truth in j regard to the advantages of a National debt, I do not think that a State debt should re main unpaid a day longer than the time when j the people eau discharge it without specially 1 or unduly burdening themselves with taxa tion. Our debt, other than that contracted on account of the war, all fail* due between this and the close of the year 1877, in annual sums varying iu amount from 830,000 to $81, i 000, averaging precisely $44,000 per year. It w ill l>e evidently the pari of wisdom to pay these sums as they malure. The annual pay ment will be easy, and aggregate relief will be great. The whole of the war ioau thus far negotiated ($*00,000) matures iu 1871. At present, therefore, we cannot do anything di rectly toward its pay me ill, but a wise provis ion may lie made tor meeting a large portion of it when it falls due, by making a Sinking fund of whatever sum may lie reimbursed to us by the Federal Goveruiueut on account of war expenditures. To the Sinking fund, iu itself a stimulant to economy, might be profit ably added any surplus which a rigid care iu the administration of our ulfairs may leave at the close of each year. Keeping the policy of liquidation steadily iu view, and providing lor it by such lucaus as your wisdom may sug gest, we shull not only deciease the State ex penditures willi certainty and rapidity, but shall maintain our Stale credit in so enviante a condition that we shall find Uavailable when ever an uuloreseeu exigency may require us to use it. In authorizing the Treasurer to negotiate such loans as may be necessary, I would sug 1 gest whether it be not expedient to tlx tlie rate of interest at five per cent. In the pres ent surplus of money seeking investment, State stocks of such high character as ours are regarded as specially desirable. I do nol doubt that a five percent, slock will lie taken at par, and if negotiated, as will be expedient, 1111 ii ι*»ιιμ |»ι·ι iwn, ι nia iair η iii ιλ iiiujc α«ι vantageous La us than u six per cent, stock at tin· highest premium we could hope to real ize. 1 submit the matter to your most atten tive consideration. The appropriation for military purposes the past year was not sufficient to meet the legitimate drafts upon it—and there is hence a small deficit which it will devolve ou you to supply. So long as we have troops in the Held,especially in such large numbers, the Stale will have duties to discharge in regard to them, on the score of humanity and of that watchful interest and solicitude which Maine will always cheiish for her sons. The health and coinlhrt of the troops can be greatly pro moted by this care on the part of the State, and to enable it to be exercised with prompt ness and efficiency the means must be supplied by an appropriation, which X ain sure you will not hesitate to make. X cannot leave the subject of our State finances without adverting to the necessity, and enjoining upon you the duty of rigid care iu all your appropriations. Public economy, always expedient, lias become now a sacred obligation upon us all. I ask you, therefore, to curtail expenditure in every practicable way ; to infuse a spirit of thrill and rigid ac countability in all the departinculsol our Gov ernment, and to do everything that enlighten ed experience may suggest to ease the bur dens of the people ami advance the general prosperity, lu all measures having these great objects in view, it will be no less my pleasure than my highest public duty to co-operate. Till: 11ANK8 OF THE STATE. The general suspension of specie payments in the country more than a year ago, included of necessity tlic banking institutions in our own State, and such suspension was tempora rily legalized by the act of the Legislature, ap proved February 10th, 1WV2. The operation of the act expires by express limitation on the 10th of this month, and it may lie necessary for you to take some further action in order to avoid the complications and troubles that ■night arise from any attempt to enforce the provisions of the forty-seventh chapter of the Revised Statutes, which impose certain penal ties upon banking corporations for refusing to redeem their bills, checks and drafts in specie. The question is of course affected, if not radi cally changed, by the law ot Congress making Treasury noU's a legal tender for debts—ap plying, of course, to debts of banks as well as debts of individuals—but it may at the same time bu prudent, so long as actual payment of specie hi not practicable, to make our own statutes correspond in letter to the supreme enactment of Congress, and the equally impe rious law of necessity. The specie suspension has not been fol lowed lu our State by any of those evil results which so many leared and antici pated. Indeed our banks were rarely if ever in a sounder condition than they are to-day. < As compared with last year, their circulation has indeed increased nearly two millions, but the balances to their credit at the point of re demption, have increased by nearly the same sum, while their aggregate amount <>l specie, notwithstanding the great temptations to sell presented by the high premium, lets decreased by only some forty thousand dollars. They hold, moreover, nearly two millions of dollars In government securities. Τ lie healthful and prosperous condition of the community is al so seen ill the fact that deposits have increased by more than a million and a half of dollars, j w hile individual indebtedness to the banks li:u> decreased by a still larger sum. The Saving» Hanks of the State exhibit all aggregate in crease in deposits of more than two hundred and fll'ty thousand dollars, while the total amount of their deposits is well nigh two mil lions. These facts, together w itli many oth ers which will I»' pre-euted in faithful detail in the Report of the Bank Commissioners, are highly gratifying and encouraging. They as sure us that our financial institutions are con ducted with prudence and honesty; and they prove that notwithstanding the many fears and predictions to the contrary, our State has rare ly bad a year of sounder prosperity iu business atrairs than the one which has just closed. PNBL1C LANDS—ΜΙΜΤΛΚΥ DEFENSES—Mlt.I riA. The Report of the Land Agent wil present to you the condition of that Department. The proceeds iu cash paid into the Treasury tile past year amount to $25,777.27. The State owns at the present time about two million acres of land, of which only aliont one-fourth at the most can with any propriety be called timber lands. The other three fourths pass underthe name of "settling lands," though a considerable portion thereof is rocky, steriie and uninviting. The best portion of the public lauds, including those sections iu the counties of Penobscot and Aroostok, were, with certain specitied reservations, granted to aid the construction ot the Aroostook rail road. by act of the Legislature of March 8th, IStSl. The grant was made, however, by the terms of the act, το "take etlect and lie in force after the city of Bangor shall have voted to loan the credit of said city, in conformity with the act of March 20, 1S60, and not before." On the 19th of March last, the question of loaning the city credit in aid of the enterprise was submitted to the voters of Bangor accord ing to the terms of the act referred to, and it was decided adversely to the loan. As the act ceased to be operative by its own terms, on the suececdiug day, the lands immediately re verted to the State, and are now iu the same condition as to ownership that they were be fore the Aroostook railroad bill was passed. It is greatly to be hoped that the effort to construct this Important line of railroad is not lie abandoned. The enterprise has not yet had a fair trial, for contemporaneous with itsinception cauie our unhappy civil troubles. uilpili^ 111»»-» ^«;i MiniJ UUI LllllllllClS (II UUB1* nets, and putting an effectual check upon all enterprises Huit involved lime. labor anil the outlay of money. lint while llie disturbed t condition of the country has postponed the , effort to construct the railroad, it has devel oped and demonstrated a necessity for it in a larger sense than was claimed when it secured the favorable countenance of our Statu Gov : eminent. For it cannot lie denied that the ex perience of the pant year has shown that while the road may be highly desirable and advan tageous to Maine as an avenue of business, it is absolutely essential as a great line of mlli J tary defense. With the road finished to the eastern line of the State, tapping the vsJley of the St. Jotfti. our Government could easily and effectually prevent the hostile and danger ous movement of troops by the only nation that possesses any special |w>wer to menace or : injure us. Distant be the day when we shall I Hi at open war with Great Britain ! and distant it will lie, if we have the safeguards which the exigencies of the times and the nature of our position admonish us so urgently to provide. I shall esteem it a privilege to co-operate with , you in all measures that shall tend to bring 1 this very important subject to the attention of j the general Government. In tiie last annual address of my honorable predecessor he presented with eloquence and force the great national advantages to lie de rived from the establishment of a naval and military station at Portland, on a scale propor tioned to the possible requirements of the fu ture. I can add nothing to what was so well said on that occasion anil lieg only to repeat the suggestion, anil to urge upon you the pro priety of exerting whatever influence the j State may bring to bear, morally and materi ally. io aeomplish an object so desirable. The j commanding position of Portland, the expe j rience, and still more, the menaces of the past, to say nothing of the possible if not probable exigencies of the future conspire to urge this measure upon our Stale and upon our natiou ; with the most impressive earnestness. Whatever may have been the differing opin ; ions among us, prior to the present war, in re ! gard to the necessity of au efficient militia system, it may be sal'elv affirmed that our late I experience lias produced a very general feel j ing in its favor. A movement in the right direction for reor ganizing our forces was made by the last Leg islature in the passage af "un Ac', to enrol the militia of the Suite." How far and how per j led I y the details of that act have been carried i out, you will learn from the re|H>rt of the Ad jutant General. ilow far beyond the provis ions of that act it may be expedient to go at this time, I do not myself leel prepared to say, but respectfully leave the subject to your dis cretion. It may lie worth your while, howev er, to consider whether, if you should com plete the organization of the militia at tills time, you will not lose the valuable counsel of those who are acquiring military knowledge ι in the best of all schools, aud at the same time ignore the claims of those who have the highest title to whatever military honors the ! State may have the power to bestow. How ■ far considerations of public prudence and per sonal justice may strengthen these sugges tions, I leave to your unbiassed judgment. SCIENTIFIC eCHVEY—AGBtCl I.TCHAL COL I. KG F.. The Legislature of 1801 passed a resolve providing l'or u Scientitlr Survey of the State, and appropriated three thousand dollars in aid of the object. Λ similar amount wan appro priated by the last Legislature lor the contin uance of the work. The practical value of what has been done can be judged by you i from the reports ol those who conduct the j survey, shortly to be laid before you. It is understood that another year's work w ill com plete the undertaking as originally designed, and 1 respectfully recommend that the amount be granted tor the purpose. Whatever tends to develop a knowledge of ; the capacities of the Slate, iscertainlv worthy ! of our highest encouragement. With our im ■ inense area, our varied resources, our unpar | alleled advantages for commerce, and our j boundless facilities lor manufacturing of all 1 kinds, our State should take raiiK for w ealth 1 and prosperity w ith the foremost of the Union. Hut we are as yet comparatively In our infan cy. Of our &2,UU0,U0U acres of land, not more ι than one-lifth has been brought under even nominal cultivation. Our mineral resources remain almost untouched, while our manufac turing advantages have been improved just enapgh to show their unrivalled excellence and unlimited capacity. Wise legislation may d > much to promote these vurious iutcresls, while unw ise laws may fatally retard their develop I ment. During the past year the Agricultural inter est, the most important anil rapidly increasing I one of our Stale, has secured a very valuable recognition ill the establishment ol a Depart ; ment of Agriculture by the national Goveru S meut, and also in the passage by Congress of an act making donations of public lands to the several Slates, lor the purpose uffoundiug Ag ( rieultural colleges. The amount of land given is thirty thousand acres lor each United Stales j Senator, and the same ijuantity for each Rep resentative, under the apportionment made in pursuance of the census of ISttU. The aggre gate grant to this State, therefore, is L'10,000 acres. An authentic copy of the act is here with transmitted, as it contains many details proper lor your examination. There can bo no doubt, I think, that vast benefits will flow from this act, and 1 have no hesitation in urg ing upon you the prompt acceptance of its terms aud conditions. As noue of (he pro ceeds arising from a sale of the lands can he devoted to the erection of buildings, it may be expedient, aud indeed absolutely necessary, to allow some of our existing institutions to avail themselves of the benefit of the grant, provid ed satisfactory guaranties can be given that its design will be faithfully carried out. Tho amount to be realized in cash from tlie grant will of course l>e very considerable, though from various causes, not necessary to enumer ate, it will be very lar below tile estimates which many have been led to indulge. It is rare that a question of more immediate or j more far-reaching consequence is submitted to the action ol a Legislature, 'l'he accept- ! «nee of the act imposes very considerable re sponsibilities on the State, and I am justilied iu assuming that you will exercise the sound est discretion in any disposition you may make of the inunitlcent gilt now placed under your control. nECIPROCITY TREATY. On the eleventh day of September, 1854, our Government entered into a commercial ar rangement with Great Hritain, in relation to the trade oi lier North American Provinces, which arrangement is generally known as the lleciprocity Treaty, ft was part of the agree ment ih it it should remain m force for ten year», "and further until the expiration of twelve mouths nl*er either of the high con tracting parties shall have given notice to the other of its wish to terminate the same ; each of said high contracting parties being at liber ty to give such notice to the other at the end of said term of leu years, or at any time af terwards." . The last Legislature by joint resolution ex pressed the opinion that this treaty should be terminated with the view of securing a more just and equitable accommodation of trade with the llritish Provinces. I recommend that yon give expression to similar views, in some formal and emphatic way, with the ob ject of bringing whatever we can to bear on Congress, loi' the accomplishment of the de sired result. We have of course no direct legislative power over the question, but the deliberate and repeated expressions of the government of a State whose people are pecu liarly and largely interested in the question, cannot fail to have a marked influence in set tling the issue. It is neither my purpose nor indeed my province to present any lengthy de tail of the injurious workings of the treaty.— Elaborate investigations made within the past two years under the direction of Congress, clearly establish the fact that the spirit of re ciprocal trade, which was the basis of the trea ty. lias not only been ignored by our Provin cial neighbors, but oppressive duties with strin gent and hurtful discriminations, have been laid upon the products of our industry. In deed the treaty seems precisely adapted to the free admission of all the products of the Prov inces which come into injurious competition with similar product· of our own; while all the articles which we might profitably export, are met at the Provincial line with customs charges which strip us of all possible advan tage in their markets. schools—prune institctioss. The educational interests of the State are fully and ably set forth lu the lieport of the Superintendent of Schools. It is one of our chief glories that we provide at the public ex jieuse for the education of all the children of the State. Our fathers wisely imposed it as a constitutional duty, and we are reaping the rich advantages of their foresight anil their wisdom. While we may not l>e ill a condition to make any extraordinary expenditure lor educational purposes, it will 1m· one of our highest duties to see that our schools are main liiuiVLi tu mu «ι^υι ;uiu u^i'hiuics^iumi iii.u. while other interests may suffer from the In evitable effects of war, the culture of the young shall in nowise he neglected or abated. The annual lleports concerning our public institutions will he promptly laiii before you. and will exhibit to you their condition and pro gress. The Hospital for the Insane is in all respects answering its beneficent designs, and its af fairs arc managed in the most satisfactory manner by its able Hoard of Trustees, and its faithful and skillful Superintendent. It is not belived that any similar institution in the coun try is conducted with more devo'ed philanthro py. or with more eminent success. The Stale Kcform School is undoubtedly do ing a good work ill the discipline and reform ation of juvénile offenders. Its annual expense has lieen very considerably reduced, as com pared with a few years since, and its burdens on f he Treasury are certainly outweighed by its benefits. Those who have officially visited and inspected the institution during the past year, speak in the highest terms of its disci pline, its general management, and its benefi cent influence on those who are consigned to its care. The affairs of the State Prison are given in more than ordinary detail in the lie ports of the Inspectors and the Warden, and I respect fully ask your most attentive consideration of the facts presented. At no time since the Prison was founded has it reached a condition of self-support. The annual deficit lias of course to be made up from the Treasury, and Jis to that extents burden upon the people,— Very strenuous efforts should l«" made to change this condition of affairs, ami so organ ize the industry of the convicts as to make it pay all the expenses of the prison. To this end I deem it absolutely necessary that the labor of the convicts be leased to contractors, instead of the State Itself attempting the busi ness of manufacturing, as is now the case. It will be ray earnest endeavor, aided by your valuable co-operation, to devise some method which shall permanently improve the financial condition of the Prison. V. 8. HKNATOR. The term of one of the Senators iu Congress from this Suite expires on the 3d ol March next. It will lie your duty to elect a success or. XATTONAI. AFFAIRS. While our immediate sphere of action is in the administration of the State Government, I cannot close without adverting for a moment to our condition as a nation—our hopes, our prospects, our duties. We are well advanced iu the second year of a war involving issues of the gravest moment to all of lis. The con test was precipitated by those who, no longer able to rule, were determined to ruin, the Gov ernment of the Uuitfed States. The ostensible reason lor secession, was one which, if admit ted to have any force, would forthwith destroy every element of Democratic Republicanism which exists iu our institutions—lor if a con stitutional majority of the people cannot have the right to elect tile President of their choice, our form of Government is at an end and its attempted perpetuatiou is a farce. From the day the Southern conspirators made open war on the lliiitml States by assaulting Fort Sum ter, the question passed to the arbitrament of the sword, and not to have accepted the issue would have been to basely surrender the life Thus Tar we have, with patriotic unanimity, sustained the President in all his efforts to subdue the rebellion. Tlie people of the loyal States have poured out their treasure and their blood in unstinted measure, and in their devotion to country men have forgotten the prejudices of party. Upon a continuance of this cordial co-o|>eratlon of all loyal men liants the late of the nation, and hence with all earnestness I exhort the people of this Stale to maintain a patriotic unity in support of the Government. To the most superficial observer it has been evident from the beginning of the w ar that the insurgent States derived great strength from the lalHir of their slaves, it is their work that furnishes the rebel army with food and clothii and ii.directly with all other supplies —leaving the white population with trifling exceptions free to enlist as soldiers. Any |>ol icy which can detach the slaves Irom the reb els ami make them a source of weakness rath er than ol strength will prove a vital and de cisive gain to the loyal side. It is with this view, as a military measure clearly derived from the war power of the Constitution, that the President as Commander-in-Chief of the Army and N'avy issued on the tlrst of the pres ent mouth a Proclamation declaring all the slaves in Insurgent districts to be free. The object of the war ever has been, still is, anil of right ought to be, as the ('resident has well declared, the "restoration of the consti tutional relation* Mirent the L'nitcd States and each of the States." It is for this that the loyal States contend and with uothiug less will they ever be satisfied, The nature or se verity of the means necessary to accomplish this end must of course be determined by the extent and the character of the resistance of fered by the rebels. It was hoped at the be ginning of the war that the national authority might be reasserted within a brief period and witii little disturbance to the mass of society in the revolted States. The conspiracy how ever was too formidable to admit this result, and the contest has steadily waxed more des perate. It Is now deemed necessary, as a means of speedily and permanently regaining the ascendency of national authority, to de tach the slaves from the service of tlmse who use them to promote rebellion. Whoever dis putes the right of the Government to do this raises to the extent of his influence a potent detense for the rebels. The alleged unconsti tutionality of the proceeding implies the gross absurdity that the rebels in' arms, trying to de stroy our whole fabric of Government, are yet entitled to the most precious immunities of person and the most perfect rights of property which our constitution can guarauty. Such 0 an assumption a* this needs only to be men tioned to be ruluted. The rebel· are entitled at our hands during tlie war to nothing more and nothing less than the treatment prescribed by the laws of war, and we can, and ought and » ill seize every legitimate weapon to conquer their military power and reduce them to obe dience to the Constitution of the United States. It is ou this ground that loyal men can rally with enthusiasm to the support of the President. And it will not abate the force ol the new policy that its result is to give freedom to a race long oppressed, and to abolish an institution that has long been the source ot evil dissension at home, and the cause of shame and reproach to us abroad. It will be clearly within the dispensation of God's justice that a^eystem (,r oppression which violates the natural rights of tnan, which luis always stirred up ntrite ami conten tion, and which was the direct cans·· of our present troubles, should wither and perish in the wrathful storm which in its rage it dared to provoke. The enlistment of the negroes for armed service in holding Southern "forts, positions and stations," will lie au immeasurable relief to people of the North, as it will remove the necessity in any contingency of a faither call for troops to serve in the malarious climate of the Gulf States. To oppose this policy is to wantonly sacrillce the precious lives of our young men by exposing them to an extra hazardous service which the negroes can perform without any risk. The testimony of our revolutionary Generals and of Jackson and Harrison in the last war with Great Bri tain. conclusively establishes the fact that un der good discipline negroes make good sol diers. Let us give them a generous opportu nity to prove themselves. The war is one which in its incidents is to result in their en franchisement, and they will be far better pre pared to enjoy their freedom rationally and profitably, by having participated in the con test which results in its acquirement. No oth er nation would have hesitated so long to use this potential weapon, and we have endanger ed our cause abroad, if not at home by the inex plicable timidity which baa marked our course in regard to it. Let us now give it a vigorous trial. Those among us who have no sympathy I with the result which this policy brings to the ' slave, may at least congratulate themselves 1 that its lirin enforcement will save the lives of thousands of white men who might otherwise lie exposed to disease, destitution and death. As a loyal man, anxious only to do my duty as a citizen and a Magistrate, 1 can see no line of patriotism or of safety except in a cordial, unreserved support of the policy enunciated by the President. To resist or combine against it is to ruu all the hazards of anarchy, if, as a people, we stand firmly by that policy, we shall conquer, and the nation will come forth from the fiery ordeal through which we are passing, purified, strengthened, invincible. But if we divide into hostile factions and spend our ι energies in fruitless, petty contests with each ' other, it needs 110 prophet to foretell the re sult of the pending issue or to write the deep humiliation and disgrace to lie forever associ ated with a degenerate |>eople wlio had nei ther the spirit nor the patriotism to maintain the nationality be<|Ue4itl>cd to thein by a hero I ic ancestry. η t* enter upon puonc uuiy, isenueinen, ai a time of unusual responsibility, when wisdom alone may well be distrusted. lint relying upon the guidance of that Gracious Being wlio hath so bountifully blessed us as a uation I and wlio chasiiseth but in mercy, let us, in hu mility ami yet in confidence, address ourselves to the conscientious discharge of the trusts committed to us by the people of our lieloved State. ABN'EB COBURN. Reported Abandonment of the Siege of Vicksburg. New Tokk, Jan. 8. The Itichmond papers of the 5th, contain the following: ·' Vickeburff, .Wis*., Jan. 2.—To Hou. James A. jjclilon, Secretary of War:—The enemy, 1 finding all his efforts unavailing to make au Inroad upon our position here, has re-embark ed, leaving a considerable quantity of intrench ing tools and other property, and appareutly has relinquished his designs upon Vicksburg. (Signed) J. C. I'kmbkktox, Lieut. General Com mauding. [ BraKS Confesses his Defeat.—Probable Issue of Letters of Marque. New York, Jan. 8. Special dispatches from Washington state that to-day's Uichmond papers conlain official dispatches from General Bragg, in which he acknowledges that he found our forces too I strong fur him anil was obliged to fall back to i Tallahoma. The press dispatches to lUcli i moud papers say that he lost very heavily. The bill lor letters of marque and reprisal against the rebels, referred to-day, will prob ably pass, alter being amended so as to include foreign enemies as well as domestic. The Kepublican states that Count Mejan has beeu dismissed l'roui his post as consul of New Οι leans and M. Fauconnet has been recogniz ed by our government. This was done yester day by M. Mercier, the French Minister, after an examination of the records of Mejan's act», I and without any other action ou the part oi : our government, except the presentation of ; the case. Richmond papers received by Gen. Dix at ; Fortress Mornoe to-day, admit the defeat of Bragg at Murfteesboro', aud lament that the Yankees would uow obtain possession of East ! Tennessee, from which ail army of 200,000 could not drive us. Skb α woman lu another column pickiug Sambuc I Grape·, for Speer's Wine. It is so admirable article il ο111 in hoppi :*!*, ami by the first families fn Paris l.nndou aud New York, iu preference to old 1'ort Wine. It is worth a trial, as it give» great satisfac tion. ilcc22dly SPECIAL Χ Ο Τ ICRS. Dr. J. Wkm.kv Kelley, Associate Focxder of IhtAMiTTIUL 8vstkm or Mt.DK ΐϋκ, will be iu attendance at bis Medical office. 2141 omjkiss st. corner of I'karl street, duriug Tuesday and Wed nesday, the 131 h and 14th inst., to give a<l>icetothe sick. Ladies anil ticntlcuien are iuviltd to call.— Advice Ibis. Dr. kellcy is the Aseociato Found er of the system, aud is the only one entitled to the • ppemlage Analytical i hysician, iu this city, though imitation may be a source of solace to some if they know of no oik' r liviy, and don't Jtruxr irkat to do. Howard Drill Coure.—Tho member· of tlii· Corps are hereby notified that their regular quarter· ly meeting lor the election of officer·, and the trans actiou of any other buOuess that may come before them, will be held at the Old City Hall, this (Friday) evening. at 7j o'clock. A full attendance is requested. Fer order. Portlaud, Friday, Jan. 9, 18'J8. It· DR. Γ. P. QUI MB Y. would give notice that he ha returned to Portland, and can be found at hid Κουπί, No. 13 International House, Tuesday, August 12th, where he will attcud to all wishing to consul him. First Examination at office S2 0C ' Each subsequent sitting at office, 5C j City Patients, first Examination at residence,... 2 5C : Each subsequent visit at residence, IOC August 16, 18G2.—tf NOTICE.—Internal Revenue Stamp·.—Α fall j supply of all kinds of Stamps for sale at my office, No. 92 Commercial street; aud the public will be expected to use them ou aud alter this date. NArU'L J. MILLER, Collector dec31 dtf 1st District State of Maiue. Physician and Surgeon.—11. A. LAMB, M. l>. Office, corner of Congress and Chestnut Street! Portland, Me. Particular attention paid to Surgery, including iseases of the eye and ear. aug7—dtim Dentistry.—Dr.JOSIAH HKALD, No.241 Con g res s Street, first door east of 1st Parish Church Portland. Me. augTdly Dus. LOCK F. & KIMBALL, Dentists, No. 117 Middle Street. Portland. Me. augl5—ly BROKERS* BOARD. Sale or Stocks.—Boston. Jan. 8, 1862. 5.000*United States Coupon Sixes (1881) 98j 28,000 do 9*1 1.O00 United States 7 3-10 Treasury Notes 102| 21.3U0 do UW 2·».75ο do 10W 5.0D0 United States Demand Notes 1884 10.000 do 133} 2.000 Unite*! State* Five-Twenties* 97 86.000 U. S. Certificates of Indebted noes 97 J 1.000 Uuited States Registered Sixes 97 22 000 U. S. Treasury Sixes, 2 years 134 * 1« do 1331 12.030 American lioid 185] 7.'JU0 do 13ô] 45.000 do 135} 8,000 do 136 7.000 do 1351 31,200 do 135] NIA RRIE Ο · In Thomaston, Jan. 1. by Rev. Mr. Wadwell, John Λ. Harjfi.'iit, ol Portland, and Mise Mary H. Austin, of Thomaston. At Peak's I«land. Portland, Jan. 5th, by Rev C.W. Blackntan. John W. Γ re ft· then and Mies Mary A. Sterling. both of Monhegan. At Kent's Hill, Doc 24th, Hanson G. Barrows, of Vassal bo ro, and Miss Martha E. Conant. In Wayne, Dec. 25th, liezekiah Durpby, of Liver more. and Miss Harriet E. Winthrop. In Rockland, Dec —, Alphouso M. Prince, of Cam den, and Miss .Sarah E. Heald. DIED. In this eity. Jan «th. Battle K., daughter S. D. and Elizabeth P. Merrill, »*»·(! 9 yearn 8 month*. n^Funerml on Friday afternoon at 3 o'clock, from their residence, on Liucoln street. In North Yarmouth, Oct '23d. of typhoid fever. Μ πι Elien L , wife of John W. Ureely, aged 56 years aud 6 months. » In Gardiner. Dee. 28th, Asaph Smith. aged 77 yrs; 24th, Mrs. Mercy Colbath, aged 72 years. lu Fairlicld, I>»*c —, Mrs. Anna J., wife of Robert At wood, aged 88 years. MINIATURE ALMASIC. F rid·,, Jmmmmrr ®. HIGH WATER I SUN. I DAYS. Morn » 113 Rim 7.® Length... »h 17m Krvn'g l.n|8«to 4 4β I Inert»». «h 13m MAMIN Ë Ν EWS. PORT OF PORTLAND. Thnrulny· .* Jmmmnry β. ARRIVED. Steamer Montreal, Prince. Boston. (LEAKED Brig Minnie Traub, Mitchell, Matansas, by Chase Bros & Co. Ht'h D ishing Wave, Freeman, for Fortress Monree, by J Harlow k to. ι The following American vessels have been attach· ! ed and sold lor debt at Rio Janeiro: hark Ann Ε ! Grant. for rs21,<XX)#0QM; bark Fannie < reusliaw, ibr rx25.(M>90UU; bark Abigail, lor r»2V,2U0*0lG. Ship Joseph Fish, Young, sailed from Rangoon , May 22* i for Falmouth E, aud as she has not since been beard of, fears arc entertained for her safety. The J F registered 1202 tons, rated A1J. and built at Thomastou in 1868. DISASTER». Ship Naples, from Christiana for Bombay, put ihto Southampton ou the 24th ult, leaking badly ; will have to discharge for repairs. Sch Friendship, from Booton for Harrington, was blown off the coast and abandoned on La Have Bank, Dec 4. The crew were rescued tnd have arrived at Liverpool NS. Ship Thos Jefferson (of Boston) Deshon, from New York for New Orleans, struck on Turtle Rock, neaa South 1'iiniui, on th»· 23*1 ult. She was tow«*d off next day. leakiug badly, and will proceed to Nassau for repairs. Thirteen of the crew mutinied and were placed on board the L* S gunboat Tioga, where they were put in irons. DOMESTIC PORTS. SHIP ISLAND— In port »th, ship Wizard King, une, aud others. Going in. ship Moro Castle. PORT ROYAL SC—Io tort 3d inst, shin Maria; bark Marv Stetson; brigs Leni. and Danl Maloney; sch s Ainy'tis. R S Miller, S II Sharp, Marietta; Ν Ε Clark; Quickstep. BALTIMORE—Ar 6th, brigs Wm Nichols. Triets, from Alexandria; Susan Duncan, Mitchell. Fortress Monroe; schs Mary Β Dyer, Purvere, Boston; R U illiggins. Bsker. do. Artlth, «ch Lookout. Thornton, Portland. PHILADELPHIA—Ar 5th. ship Tonawanda, from s KW YoRK-Ar6th, echs A Tlrrell. lllfgin·. fm Philadelphia for Boetou ; Highlander. Mankin. fiom Portland. Ar 7th. iche Snow Squall, Shepherd, for Cardena·; Wreath, rrandall. Newark for Pembroke. Below «tli, ship Crowu Point, Kuapp, fm ( alcutta, ria Cape Town. Cld ith. ship Mary Ogrien. Hathaway, Pan Fran cisco; barke Antioch, Gardiner, Marseilles; Monte zuma. Hammond. Barbadoes; Damon, Bartlett. for Philadelphia; Uen Warren, Hartz, and Comet. Mor rison, do; brigsTho· Owen, Pettengill. for Neuvita·; Benj Delano, Baxter, Port Royal 8C; C H Kennedy, Haiti, Boetou; sch Su»an. Beane. Boston. [By tel.] Ar 8th. «hip Crown Point, ftη Bombay; bark Growler, fm Sew Or lean* NEWPORT— In port 7th, kIu II LOrcnt.UopkiD·, Bncksport tor Key Wwt; Mary Langdon, Pinkham, Kdckland for Fortrea· Monroe. Ar 8th, (by tel) sch Enoch Pratt, Gould, Cardenas. DAN VERS—Ar 3d. «ch Pearl, Robinson, from Koekiand. , FALL RIVER—Sailed 6th, set) Courier, Hopkins, for New York. SA I.KM—Ar 6th. ecjie D Β Newbomb, Higgms, fm Taugier; F J Cummings, Bolan. and Rio. Fairbanks. Elizebethport ; Admiral, Trefothen. do. BOSTON—Ar 7th. bark David Kimball. Magune. Palermo; *ch A Hammond. Hiffgfoa, Philadelphia. Cld 7th. bark J C Nickel·, Blanchard, Cienluegoa; •ch Princess. Loved. New York. Ar 8th. sch Jerueha Baker. Barberick. Portland. Below, brig II (i Berry, from Havann. Cld 8th, bark Witch. Watson. Africa; brig LT Κ η if ht, Park. Portland; sch· Juno, Smith, and A Sawver. Boothby, for Washington; Adele, Snow, Machiasport, to load for Cuba. GLOUCESTER—Ar 3d, sch· Florence. Crockett, Stockton for Boston; 8 J Lindsay, Ward, Boston for M ill bridge. Ar 6th, «ch· lie η J F Reeve·, Norman. Philadelphia ; Τ Β Hodgmau, Prince. Bath for New York ; John k George. Smallage, Mt Deeert for Boston. PORTSMOUTH—Ar 6th. brig Reporter, Ginn, tm Philadelphia. FOREIGN PORTS. At St Thoma· 15th ult, ship· Cbapln, Hall, from Boston for Sau Francisco, repg; Globe, Baker, laid up; barks Warren. Peters, tin Rio Janeiro. Juet arr; Hamilton, fm Guadeloupe, dodo; brigs Vlaitham. Clark, dieg; Addy Swift, laid up: sch Enchantress. Devereaux, fm New York for Laguayra. with loss of sails. Ar at Cienfeegoe 37th ult. brig Bion Bradbury,MU ler, St Jago. Ar at Triuidad 16th ult, bark Casco, Gardiner, ftn New York. Ar at Havana 25th ult. brig· C Β Allen, Ray, from Portlaud : Col W Coggin·, ( oggin·. do. Ar!M(h. brig Rush, Babbidge, New York; sch ST llaker. Price, do. Ar 27th. bark Eventide. Partridge. Bremen; brig J C Kennedy. Gayer. Ei Is wort h Sid 2ôth, barks C A Farusworth. Hodsdon, Man tau; Arlington, Crouton, Portland; 96th. shin Emer ald Mr, (Br) Hunter, Philadelphia ; 29th. bark Al bertina. nlmstead. Portland; brigs Geo Amos. Pratt. ! do; 31st; Wenonah. Dow. Baltimore; Baron de Cat· I tine. Saunders. New York; let inet, J as O" Donahue, Johnson. Matanzas. Cld 31st, brig· Caroline Eddv. Pomerov. Ν Orleans: Aladdin, Curtis, and Ocean Wave, Partridge. lor Ν York. Ar at Matansa* 25th ult. sclis Windward. Partridge , Boston; Deimont. Giun. Portland ; 20th. Windward, , fm do; 27th. Ocean Ranger, Lewis. Havana. Ar 30th. brig· Stella. Lilley. Portland. 31st, Strom ness. (Br) Marwick. and Fauuie, Rom. do. Sid 26th. brig Ambrose Light. Stahl. Philadelphia. Ar at Cardeua* &«h. brig Milwaakie. Brown, from Sierra Morena; 1st in·!, «ch Fisher, Dean, fm Frank fort. [Per steamship New York, at New York ] Ar at Liverpool 21st ult, Portland, Malien, Cardiff; 22d. Richard kobiii*ou. Lowrv. New York Cld ®Wh, Emerald. Luce. New York; Sandoaky, I Hall; Elleu Austin. Keuuedy.aud Yoang Sam, Mer· ! r y man. do; 22d, Manhattan, Dixen, do; F Pierce, 1 Brooks. Portland. Ar at London 23d ult. Radiant, Mathews. Callao. Cld 20th, Byzantium, Robinsou, New York. Ar at Deal 22d, Kocliambeau, Snow, St John NB. Sud sailed); Evaugeline. oregory. ftn Rangoon for reinen (put in to repair sails.) Passed do 20th. Golden Horn, Rice, from London ; for Melbourne (and put back 22*1, having loat bottv j anchois olf Notth Foreland.) Sailed from Falmouth 22d. Prima Donna, llarn· ι den, (or llarriman) for Bremen. Γίΐιι oui ιι .>cwct«iiO igiu, lonvoy, η wewira. Boston Sailed fiom Glasgow y>th. Γ η 1 ted Kingdom. (si for Portland and New York ; Tbereee, Doaue, for New York. .sailed from Waterford 23d, Cbaa ▲ Farwell, Ame·· bur)'. New York. Ar at Bordeaux 18th alt, Piscataqua, Smith, from New York. Ar at Cadis 9th ult, Elisabeth Lear it t. Brown, fm Bo*tou. Sailed from Tarragona 10th nit, rriscilla, Baxter, fm ttio Janeiro. Ar at Constantinople 10th nit, Edw llill, Sylvester, and Amy. Hammond, Boston. Sailed from Bahia. Nov 22d, Chase, Hamilton, for Falmouth. L. Ar at Kio Janeiro Nov 24th, Erie. I*reble, from Liverpool. Sailed from Rio Janeiro Nov 18tb, Kevere, <»ibbs, Singapore. Ar at Buenos A) res Nov 6th, Amy Warwick.Smith fm Ht Abe*. Sid 9th, Josephus. Fame, for India; 11th, Joaiah Brad let·, Nichols, do. Ar at Shanghae Oct 14th, Ringleader, White, fra Fooebow; 33d. Mary Cap»m. Savory, Hakodadi, 34tii (.olden ijate. Thorntou, Sau Francisco Ar at do Oct lOtn, Old Colony, Berry. New York; 13th, Miners a. Ayers, do; 16th. Thnandra, Turner, N»ija.-aWi; 17th, lien Morgan, Coogdou, do; 34th, Julia (· Tyler, Cooper, do. Sid t>ct 7th. Northland. Arey, — ; 9th, J Miller, for Fooebow; 13th. Lizzie Bo*tgs, Dizer. do; 17th, Pericles, Snow,Singapore; 23d. Kate Haiti η g», King man Swatow; 24th. Kitty Simpaon, Mayo, for Foo chow. Sailed from Swatow Oct 18th, Andea, Spence, for Sbefoo. Arat Fooebow Oct 6th, Marmion, Wassan, from llong Kong. Ar at tlong Kong Oct 16th, Young Greek, Tavlor, Nagasaki; 34th. Morning Star. F outer, fm San Fran cisco (and sailed 31st for Manila); 37tb, Weetern Con tinent, Lull. San Fraucisco. Arat do 21st; Kagle Wiug, Keller, Sbangha*·. 31th Hotspur. Beunett, New York; 89th, Surprise. Kan let t. uo. Sid Oct 28th. Kate Hooper, Johnson, Melbourne; 31st. Clarissa Bird. Bird, Singapore. Arat Manila Oct 13. Hydra, «.ay, Hone Hong; 13th, War Hawk, Simmons, do; Carlew, Chapman. Sau Srancisco. Sid 17th, Avon, Howes. San Francisco. Ar at Table Bay CtiH Oct *W, Time. Homer, from Singapore, (and «ailed 27th for London ) Liverpool. Dec 22 The Orauada, for Calcutta, baa put back with Iom of sails, steering gear out of order, and several feet of water in her hold. 8POKEX. Oct 25 off Cape of Good Hope, ship Contest. Jen nines. I'm Bombay for Liverpool. Nov 29. lat 28 N. Ion 87 W. ship Arno, Ν aeon, from New York for San Fraucisco. Dec y. lat 41. Ion 36. bark Heroine, Nickerson, ftn New York for Constantinople. Jan 2, lat 27 14, Ion 89 46, was pasaed brig Weno nah, Dow, from Havana for Baltimore. Jan 6, lat 37 28, Ion 74, was seen, brig U Means, fm Cardenas for .