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PORTLAND DAILY PRESS.
NO. 30Θ. PORTLAND DAILY PRESS, JOHN T. QIIiMA-NJEditor, le published at No. 82$ EXCHANGE STREET. IN FOX BLOCK, by N. A. FOSTER At CO. Τerme : The Portlakd Daily Press \* published every morniug (Sundavs excepted), at 9b.00per year in advance, to which will be added twenty-live cent» for each three months' delay, and if not paid for at the end of the year the paper will be discontinued. Single copie» three cents. The Maine State Press is published every Thurs day morning, at 92 00 per annum, in advance; £2 25 if naid within six months; aud 92.50, if payment be delayed beyond the year. llaten of Advertieing: 91.25 per square daily first week ; 75 cent» per week after ; three insertion» or less, #1.00: continuing eve· ry other day after first week, 50 cents. Half square, three insertions or less, 75 ceuts; one week, 91.00; 50 cents per week alter. Under head of Amusements. 92.00 per square per week ; three insertions or less, 91,50. 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Cy.Iou Printing oj every description executed with dispatch; and all business pertaining to the of· flee or paper promptly transacted on application as above. F. Tracy, Traveling Agent. Friday Morning, Jnne lit, 1803. President Lincoln on ConKtitntionnl Power and " Arbitrary Arrests." On the ltJth of May a Democratic meeting was held iu Albany, Ν. Y., presided over by Erastus Corning, Esq., which passed a series of resolutions touching the present aspect of our national affairs, and complaining of some of the measures adopted by the administra tion to uphold the government in its present conflict with rebellion. These resolves were communicated to President Lincoln, with a courteous note avouching for the respectabil ity of the meeting which had passed them, which note was signed by the officers of the meeting. To this communication the Presi dent has replied as follows : Executive Mansion, I Washington, June 12, 1863. ) lion. Erastus Corning and others : Gentlemen: Your letter of May 10, en closing the resolutions of a public meeting held iu Albany, New York, on the Kith of the same month, was received several days ago. The resolutions, as 1 understand them, are resolvable into two propositions—first, the ex pression of a purpose to sustain the cause of the Union, to secure peace through victory, aud to support the administration iu every constitutional and lawful measure to suppress the rebelliou ; and secondly, a declaration of censure upon the administration for supposed unconstitutional action, such as the making of military arrests. Aud, from the two proposi tions, a third is deduced, which is that the gen tlemen composing the meeting are resolved on doing their part to maintain our common gov ernment and country, despite the folly or wickeduess, as they may couceive, of any ad ministration. This position is eminently pa triotic, and as such, 1 thank the meetiug, aud congratulate the nation for it. My own pur pose is the same ; so that the meetiug aud my self have a common object, and can have no difference, except in the choice of means or measures lor effecting that object. Auil here i ought to close this paper, and would close it, if there were no apprehension that more injurious consequences than any merely persoual to uiyseli might follow the censures systematically cast upon nie lor do ing what, in my view of duty, 1 could not for bear. The resolutions promise to support me iu every constitutional and lawful measure to suppress the rebellion ; and I have not know ingly employed, nor shall knowiugly employ, any other. Hut the meeting, by their resolu tions, assert and argue that certain military arrests, and proceedings following thein, for which I am ultimately responsible, are uncon stitutional. 1 thiuk they are uot. The reso lutions quote from the Constitution the deten tion of treason, and also the limiting safe guards and guarantees therein provided tor the citizen on trials for treason, and on his bving held to answer for capital or otherwise infam ous crimes, and, iu criminal prosecutions, his right to a speedy and public trial by an impar tial jury. They proceededtoresolve"thalthese safeguards of the rights of the citizen against the pretensions of arbitrary power were in tended more especially for his protection in times of civil commotion." And, apparently to demonstrate the proposition, the resolutions proceed: "They were secured substantially to the English people after year» of protract ed civil war, and were adopted into our Con stitution at the clone of the revolution." Would not the demonstration have been 1 tet ter, if it could have been truly said that these safeguards had been adopted and applied <lur ing the civil wars and during our revolution, instead of aβer the one and at the cloite of the other? 1, loo, am devotedly for tliein after civil war, and before civil war, and at all times, "except when, in cases of rebellion or inva sion, the public safety may require" their sus pension. The resolutions proceed to tell us that these safeguards "have stood the test of seventy-six years of trial, under our republi can system, under circumstances which show that while tliey constitute the foundation of all free government, they an; the elements ol the enduring stability of the republic." No one denies that they have so stood the test up to the beginning of the present rebellion, if we except a certain occurrence at New Orleans; nor does any one question that they will stand the same test much longer niter the rebellion closes. But these provisions of the Constitu tion have no application to the case we have in haudi because the arrests complained of were not made for treason—that is, not for I lie treason defined in the Constitution, and upon me conviction οι wnicn ttic punishment ie death—nor yet were they made to hold per dons to answer for any capital or otherwise in famous crimes ; nor were tlie proceedings fol lowing, in any constitutional or legal sense, "criminal prosecutions." The arrest" were made on totally different groands, and the proceedings following accorded with the grounds of the arrests. Let us cousider the real case with which we are dealing, and ap ply to it the pnrts of the Constitution plainly made for such case*. l'rior to my installation here it had been in culcated that any State has a lawful right to secede from the national Union, and that it would lie expedient for them to exercise the right wheuever the devotees of the doctrine should fail to elect a President to their own iking;I was elected coutrary to their liking; land accordingly, so far as it was legal ly possible, they had taken seven States out of the Union, had seized many of the United States forts, and had flred upon the United States flag, all before I was inaugurated, and, of course, before, I had done any official act whatever. The rebellion thus begun, soon run into the present civil war ; and, in certain respects, it begun on very unequal terms be tween the parties. The Insurgents had been preparing for it more than thirty years, while the Government had taken no steps to resist them. The former hail carefully considered all the means that conldbe turned to their ac count. It was undoubtedly a well-pondered re liance Willi them that in their own unrestrict ed efforts to destroy Union, Constitution, aud law, nil together, the Government would, in great degree, be restrained by the same Con stitution and laws from arresting their prog ress. The sympathizers pervaded all depart ments of the Government and nearly all com munities of the people. From this material, under cover of'Iiberty of speech," "liberty of the press," and "habeas corpus." they hoped to keep on foot amongst us a most efficient corps of spies, informers, suppliers, and aiders and abettors of their cause in a thousand ways. They knew that in time, such as they were in augurating, by the Constitution itself, the ha beas corpus might be suspended; but they also knew they had friends who would make a question as to who was to suspend it; means while their spies and others might remain at large to help on their cause. Or if, as has happened, the Executive should suspend the writ, without ruinous waste ol time, instances of arresting innocent persons might occur, as are always likely to occur in such cases; and then a clamor would be raised in regard to this, which might be, at least, ofsome service to the insurgents cause, It needed no very keen perception to discover this part of the enemy's programmers soon ashy open hos tilities their machinery was fairly put in mo tion. Yet, thoroughly imbued with a rever ence for the guaranteed rights of individuals, I was slow to adopt the strong measures which by degrees I was forced to regard as being within the exceptions of the Constitution, and indispensable to the public safety. Nothing is better known to history than that courts of justice are utterly incompetent to such cases. Civil courts are organized chiefly for the tri al of individuals, or, at most, a few individu als acting in concert; and this in quiet times, and on charge of crimes well defined in the law. Even in times of |>eace bauds of horse-thieves and robbers grow too numerous and power ful for the ordinary courts of justice. But what comparison in numbers have such hands ever borne to the insurgent sympathizers even in many of the loyal states ? Again a jury too frequently has one member more ready to hang the panel than to hang the trailor. And yet, again, he that dissuades one man from volunteering, or induces one soldier to 4esert, weakens the Union cause as much as he who kills a Union soldier in battle. Yet this dissuasion or inducement may be so con ducted as to be no defined crime of which any civil court would (ake cognizance. Ours is a case οΓ rebellion—so called by the resolutions before me—in fact, a clear, flagrant, and gigantic ca->e of rebellion; and tlie provis ion of tlie Constitution that "tlie privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not lie sus|>eii ded, unless when, in cases of rebellion or Inva sion, the public safety may require it," Is the provision which specially applies u> our pres ent case. This provision plainly attests the understanding of those who made the Consti tution, that ordiuary courts of justice are in adequate to "cases of rebellion,"—attests their purpose that, in such cases, men may be held iu custody whom the courts, acting on ordi nary rules, would discharge. Habeas corpus does not discharge men who are proved to be guilty ol' defined crime; and its suspension is allowed by the Constitution on purpose that men may be arrested and held who caunot be proved guilty of deliued crime, "when, iu ca ses ol rebellion or jnvasion, the public safety may require it." This is precisely our present case—a case of rebellion, wherein the public safety does require this suspension. In deed, arrests by process of courts,and arrests in cases of rebellion, do uot proceed altogether upon the same basis. Tlie former is directed at the small percentage of ordinary and con tinuous perpetration of crime, while the latter is directed at tlie sudden and extensive upri sings against the government, which, at most, will succeed or fail in no great length of time. In the latter case, arrests are nude, not so much for what lias been done, as for what probably would be done. The latter is more for the preventive and less for the vindictive than the former. Iu such cases the purposes of men are much more easily understood than in cases of ordinary crime. The man who stands by and says nothing when the peril of his government is discussed, cannot be misun derstood. · If not hindered, he is sure to help the enemy ; much more, if lie talks ambiguous ly—talks for his country with "buts" aud "ifs" and "amis." Of iiow little value the constitu tional provisions 1 have quoted will lie render ed, if arrests shall never be uiade until defined crimes shall have been committed, may lie il lustrated by a few notable examples. General John C. Breckinridge, General Robert E. Lee, vxcuOiαϊ UU9C|JU ij. (luuusuiii, νrcuerai .ΙΟΠΙ) I). Magruder, General William 11. l'reston, (ien eral Siuiou li. lluckner, and Commodore Franklin Buchanan, now occupying the very highest places in the rebel war service, were all within the power of the government since the rebellion began, and were nearly as well known to be traitors then as now. Unques tionably if we had seized and held them, the insurgents'cause would be much weaker. Hut no One of them had then committed auy crime detlned in the law. Every of them if arrested, would have been discharged on ha beas corpus were the writ allowed to operate. In view of these and similar cases, 1 think the time not unlikely to come when I shall be blamed for having made too few arrests rather than too many. liy the third resolution the meeting indicate their opinion that military arrests may be con stitutional in localities where rebellion actually exists, but that such arrests are unconstitu tional in localities w here rebellion or iusuirec tion does not actually exist. They insist that such arrests shall not be made "outside of the lines of necessary military occupation and the scenes of insurrection." Inasmuch, how ever, as the Constitution itself makes no such distinction, 1 an. unable to believe that there is any such constitutional distinction. 1 con Cede that the class of arrests complained of Can lie constitutional only when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require tlieui ; and 1 insist that in such cases they are constitutional xcherettr the public safety does require them; as well in places to which they may prevent the relielliou extend ing as in those where it may be already pre vailing; a^ well where they may restrain mis chievous interlerence with raising and supply ing of armies to suppress the rebellion, is where the rebellion may actually be; as well where they may restrain the enticing men out of the army, as where they would prevent mutiny in the army, equally constitutional at alt places where they will conduce to the pub lic safety, as against the dangers of rebellion or invasion. Take the particular case men tioned by the meeting. It is asserted in sub stance, that Mr. Vallandighain was, by a mili tary commander, seized and tried "for no other reason than words addressed to a public meeting, iu criticism of the course of the ad ministration, and in condemnation of the mili tary orders of the general." Now, If there lie no mistake about this; if this assertion is the iruwu aiiu uie waoie truth; U there was no other reason for the arrest, then I concede that the arrest was wrong. Hilt the arrest, as I understand, was made for a very different reason. Mr. Vallandigliam avow* his hostility to the war on the part of the Union ; and his arrest was made because he was laboring, with some effect, to prevent the raising of troops ; to encourage desertions from the army, and to leave the rebellion without an adequate mili tary force to suppress it. He was not arrested because he was damaging the political pros pects of the Administration, or the personal interests of the commanding general, but lie cause he was damaging the army, upon the existence and vigor of which the life of the nation depends. He was warring upon the military, and this gave the military constitu tional .jurisdiction to lay hands upon him. If Mr. Vallandigham was not damaging the mil itf.ry power of the country, then his arrest w as made on mistake of tact, which I would be glad to correct on reasonably satisfactory evidence. 1 understand the meeting, whose resolu tions I am considering, to be in favor of sup pressing the rebellion by military force—by armies. Long; experience lias shown that ar mies cannot lie maintained unless desertion shall be jiunished by the severe penalty of death. The case requires, and «the law and Constitution sanction, this punishment. Must I shoot a simple minded soldier boy who de serts, while I must not touch a hair of a wily agitator who induces him to desert? This is none the less injurious when effected by get ting a father, a brother, or β-iend, into a public meeting, and there working upon his feelings till lie is persuaded to write the soldier boy that he is lighting in a had cause, for a wicked administration of a contemptible government, to weak to arrest and punish him if he shall desert. 1 think that in such a case, to silence the agitator and save the boy, is not only con stitutional, but withal a great mercy. If 1 be wrong on this question of constitu tional power, niy error lie? in believing that certain proceedings are constitutional when, in case of rebellion or invasion, the public safety does, and unconstitutional when the pub lic safety does not require them : in other words that the Constitution is not in its application, in all respects the same, in cases of rebellion or invasion involving the public safety, as it is in times of profound peace and public securi ty. The constitution itself makes the dis tinction ; and I can no more be persuaded that the government can constitutionally take no strong measures in time of rebellion, because it can bo shown that the same could not be lawfully taken in time of peace tliau I cau, be persuaded that a particular drug is not good medicine for a sick man, because it can be shown not to be good food for a well one. Nor am 1 able to appreciate the danger apprehend ed by the meeting that the American people will, by means of military arrests during the rebellion, lose the right of public discussion, the liberty of speech and the press, the law of evidence, trial by jury, and habeas corpus, throughout the indefinite peaceful future, which I trust lies before them, any more than I am able to believe that a man could contract so strong an appetite for emetics during tem porary illness as to persist in feeding upon them during the remainder of his healthful life. In giving the resolutions that earnest con sideration which you request of me, I cannot overlook the farts that the meeting speaks for "democrats." Nor can 1, with full respect for their known intelligence, and the fairly pre sumed deliberation with which they prepared their resolutions, be permitted to suppose that this occurred by accident, or iu any way other than that they preferred to designate them selves "democrats" rather than "American citizens." In this time of national peril I would have preferred to meet you upon a lev el oue step higher than any party platform; uecause ι am sure mai, iroin eucn more eleva ted position, we could do better battle for the country we all love than we possibly can frdln those lower ones where, from the loree of hab it, the prejudices of the past, and tin· eelllsh hopes of the future, we are sure to spend much of our iugeuuity and strength in Uud ing fault with, uud aiming blows at,each other. Hut, since you have denied me this, 1 will yet l>e thankful, for the country's sake, that not all democrats have done so. lie on whose discretionary judgment Mr. Vallandigham was arrested ami tried is a democrat, having no old party atllnity with me; and the judge who directed the constitutional view express ed in these resolutions, by refusiug to dis charge Mr. Vallandigham oil habeas corjiu* is a democrat of betier days than these, hav ing received his judicial mantle at the hands of President Jackson. And still more, of all those democrats who are nobly exposing their lives and shedding their blood on the battle lleld, 1 have learned that many approve the course taken with Mr. Vallaudigham, while 1 have not heard of a single one condemning it. I cannot assert that there are none such. And the name of President Jackson recalls an in stance of pertiuent history. After the battle of New Orleans, ami while the fact that the treaty of peace had been coucluded was well known iu the city, but before olliciat knowl edge of it had arrived, General Jackson still maintained martial or military law. Now, that it could be said that the war was over, the clamor against martial law, which had ex isted Iroui the Urst, grew more furious. Among other things, a Mr. Lodaillier pub lished a denunciatory newspaper article. Gen eral Jackson arrested him. A lawyer by the name of Morel procured the United States J udge Hall to order a writ of habeas corpus to relieve Mr. Louaillier. General Jackson arrested both the lawyer and the judge. A Mr. Hollander ventured to say of some part ol the matter that "it was a dirty trick. " General Jackson arrested him. When the otlieer undertook to serve the writ of habeas corpus, General Jackson took it from liiin,and sent him away with the copy. Holding the judge iu custody a few days, the General sent him beyond the limits of the encampment, and set him at liberlv. with an order to remain till Itie ratification of peace should be announ ced, or uulil the British should have left the Southern coast. A day or two more elapsed, the ratification of the treaty of peace was reg ularly announced, and the judge and others were fully liberated. A few days more, and the judge called General Jackson into court and lined him a thousand dollars for having arrested him and the others named. The General paid the line, and there the matter rested lor nearly thirty years, w hen Congress refunded principal and interest. The late Senator Douglas, then in the llouse of Repre sentatives, took a leading part in the debates, in which the constitutional question was much discussed. X am not prepared to say whom the journals would show to have voted for the measures. It may be remarked : First, that we had the same Constitution then as now ; secondly, that we then had a case of invasion, and now we have a case of rebellion; anil, thirdly, that the permanent right of the people to public discussion, the liberty of speech and of the press, the trial by jury, the law of evidence, ami the habeas corpus, suffered no detriment whatever by that conduct of General Jackson, or its subsequent approval by the American Congress. And yet, let me say, that in my own discre tion. I do not know whether 1 would have or dered the arrest of Mr. Valandigdatn. While 1 cannot shill the responsibility from myself, I hold that, as a general rule, the commander in the Held is the better judge of the necessity in any particular case. Of course, 1 must practice a general directory and revisory pow er in the matter. One of the resolutions expresses the opinion of the meeting that arbitrary arrests will have the effect to divide and distract those who should be united in suppressing the rebellion, and 1 am s|>ecitically called on to dischaige Mr. Vallandigbam. I regard this as, at least, a fair appeal to me on the expediency of exer cising a constitutional powor which I think exists. In response to such appeal I have to say, it gave me pain when I learned that Mr. Vallandlgham had been arrested—that is, 1 was pained that there should have seemed to lie a necessity for arresting him—and that it will atlbrd me great pleasure to discharge liiin so soon as 1 can, by any means, believe the public safety will not suffer by it. I further say, that as the war progresses, it appears to ■lie, opinion and action, which were in great couiusionai nrst, lane snape and fall into mure regular channels, so that the the necessity lor strong dealing with thein gradually decreases. 1 have every reason to desire that it should cease altogether, and far from the least is inv regard lor the opinions and wishes of those who, like the meeting at Albany, declare their purpose to sustain the government in every constitutional and lawful measure to suppress the rebellion. Still, 1 must coutinue to do so much as may seem to be required by the pub lic safety. A. LINCOLN. ICECREAM, SODA WATER. Oalio, Pastry, AND Confectionery of all kinds. 91 EXCHANGE STREET. Γ·1 HE subscriber, having refitted his store, is now JL prepared to serve his friends ami customers with all the luxuries of the season. Strawberries and Cream; let· Creams, unsurpassed in richness and del icacy of flavor; Soda Water, with a largo variety of delicious Syrups, l ake, and Pastry of all kinds, con stantly on hand or made to order." Λ large assortment of the choicest Confectionery. ! The above articles are manufactured by myself from the best mate rials,expressly for the retail trade. Particular attention give»» to* supplying families, weddings and parties. Fruits in their seasons. A share of pubfic patronage is solicited. CHAH. W. LUCY, 91 Exchange Street, two doors above the Custom jel2 d2w House. BUSINESS CARDS. COAL & WOOD, CHEAP FOR CAHII, DELIVERED TO ANY PART OK THE CITY. srnitia mountain lehigh, HAZEL TON LEHIGH, COLERAINE LEHIGH, LOCUST MOUNTAIN, JOHN'S, THE GENUINE LODBF.RT, Pore and Free Burning. CUMBERLAND COAL FOR SMITHS' USE. THESE Coals are strictly of the beet quality, and warranted to give satisfaction. Also, for sale, best quality of Nova Scotia and other Hard and Soft Wood. The public are requested to call, a· we are deter mined to give good bargains to those who pay cash. Office, Commercial tit., head of Maine Wh'J. SAWYER & WHITNEY. mch20'63dly GARDINER & BROWN, ^1 At62 Middle Street, | f OppositetheCustom House, Have on hand, and are daily receiving the lat KflTand mo*t dksirablk htyleb of CLOTHS, OVERCOATINGS, Fancy Doeskins and Cassimeres. ALSO, A FULL STOCK OF THK Latest Styles of RE Λ DY-JIΑ Ο Π CLOTHING, —' AND Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, which we will sell at prices to suit the times. Portland,Nov. 19,1862. dtf Itanium's Eating; House, Codman Block Temple Street. MEALS FURNISHED AT ALL HOURS. Tablée eu ρ pi led with every article of luxury the market affords. A call for Break Out,1 V S f>innt.r< or Supper, will be an swered at a moment's notice. Merchants, Traders, or others from tne country, vtaitinjt the city, either on business or pleasure, will find the attentive at tendants at liAKNL' M'ri always ready to wait upon them. BT"E very variety of COXFECTTOXER Y.CAKE, PASTR Y and FRUIT will be ftmlahed to families or partie», at short notice. ap22 3md&w44 A €AKI>. DR. S. C. FERNALD, WEXTlSt, No. 175 Middl Street. References, Dre. Bacon and Buxalih. Portland, May 25,1SJ3. if Dr. J. H. IIGALD HAVING disposed of his entire interest in his Office to Dr. S.C FERNALD. would cheertUlly preccoinmend him to hi§ former patients and the pub lic. Dr. Febnald, from lou* experience, is prepar ed to insert Artificial Teeth out ht "Vulcanite Hase," am! all other methods known to the profession, l'ori'and. May 25, 1**3. ψ* tf WOOD'S MOWING MACHINES FOR 1863. THE subner^er again offer» the above named Machines, as being: un equaled for cheapness, durability, lightness of draft and superior cutting machines. Early orders desirable toen-ure asupply WILLIAM SPAEROW, Agent, Brown's lilock, I'nion Street, Portland. Also, Clean Flax Seed lor sowing, Chicory and Tobacco Seed, Grass^eed, Trees, Plants and Bulbe, Onion Sett*. Flower Pots, Vegetable and Flower Seeds. Shrubs and Vines, Agricultural Tools and Machines, kc.. kc. April 13th, 1863 tf F, NI. CARSLEY, CABINET MAKER AND UPHOLSTERER, No. 51 Union Street, IS prepared to do all kinds of CABINET JOB BING in a prompt and satisfactory manner. Book and Show Cases made to order. jy Furniture Made, Repaired and Varnished at sum:ι notice. Portland, May 29. 1803. tf MARINE Itiiilwiiy Chain* mid Trark Irons ΊΉΪ Ε undersigned has bee η appointed Ag»'i»t for t lie sale of Marine Hail way and other (bains, in the United States and British North America,man· utactured by Hknky Wood & Co., of Liverpool, Great Britain, and is now prepared to receive orders for Marine Railway Chains, made to order and to pattern, with the Sprocket wheel to match, and war ranted to tit. These chains are mad»· of an irou pe culiarly suited to this purpose, which, by actual test, shows its average'breaking straiu to be 36 tons per inch of sectional area. Parties wishing good and re liable chains will do well to examiuc those in actual service. Marine Railway Track Irons are drilled with the countersunk holes and the Bolts to match; also. Spikes of all kinds, Screw Bolts, Lag Screws, and all kinds of forging done to order, aud of quality and quantity to suit. Mr. C. feels confident he can supply the above ar ticles on as favorable terms a.s can be obtained else where. Address HORACE I. CRANDALL, Sub-inarine Engineer, janlO'62dlawly· New Bedford, Mass. Copui'tiivrship Nolire. The undersigned have this day form ed a Copartnership uuder the Arm name of COFFIN & WOODBURY, Ko. H"t i'ommrrcial Mrccl, for the purpose of carrying on the Shipping Business. We hope by strict attention to business, and deter mination to pl»a<e, to merit a liberalsliare of patron age from those who have occasion to employ us iu our line of business. COFFIN k WOODBURY. HKNKY COFFIN. JOHN B. WOODBUBY. April 13th. 1863. d3m· NOTICE. ΓΙ1ΗΚ Trustées of West brook Seminary are hereby A notified that their Annual Meeting will be held on Wednesday, the 17th iust.. at three o'clock in the afternoon, at the Seminary Building in Weetbrook, for the transaction of the following business: First. For the choice ol officers lor the ensuing year. Second. To act on addition made to charter by last Legislature, ami to transact any other business that may legally come before them at said meeting. GKENVILLEM. STEVENS, Seeretary Board Trustees. Westbrook, June3,1863. dtd Removal. /HIAKLES F. X017LTON. Dealer in BOOTS, V' SHOES and RUB REUS, has removed from Union street to 98 Middle Street· store formerly occupied by A. Abbott & Son, where he will be hap py to wait upon his former customers, and all who may favor him with a call. CHAS. F. MOULTON, 1»S Middle Street. A. Abbott would respectfully inform his friend? and the public that he will continue custom work at the old stand. my27 dim IillVE DOI.L A lis will be given for the detection and conviction of any persou or persons stealing papers from the doors of our subscribers. dec25 PUBLISHEKS OF THE PRESS. FOR SALE & TO LET. Counting Room to Lei. COUNTING UOOMovcrNo. 90 CommcrcUl St. Thomas Block, to let. Apply to >f. J. MILLER, mchll dtf Over 92 Commercial Street. Office to Let. ON second floor, Middle Street .centrally situated and easy of access. Apply at No. 61 Commer cial Street. feblO tf To Lei ΓΙΙΙΙΕ commodious Chamber in the northerly cor A ner of the new brick block, corner of Lime and Milk Streets, directly facing the market. Kent low. Enquire at offioe of OCEAN INSUKANCE CO., Sept.15,1862. dtf No.27 Exchange8t Ο Cooper'r Shop to Let. Ν Commercial Street, head of Hobson'e Wharf Inquire of J. H. HAMLEN, eep4tf Office on llobson's Wharf House and Lot for 91*200. A GOOD LOT containing over 1700 square feet, with a very good House, on Montgomery street. For particulars inquire of JOHN C. PROCTER, Lime street. ap24 tf To be Let. /CHAMBERS In the second story, over Store 98 V/ Middlestreet—Mitchell's Building. Possession given immediately. Inquire of jan2 tf A T. DOLE. TO LET. [jlOR a term of years, the vacant Lot of Land on J? Fore street, above India street, recently occu pied bv B. F. Noble k Co., a.·» a Lumber Yard. Apply to LEWIS PIERCE. ap30 tf 64 Middle Street. For Sale. THE Throe Story Brick Dwelling House, Hili "°* ^ Congress street, corner Quincv street. Milk Said House coûtai η s fourteen 'finished rooms; is warmed by furnace: plenty of hard and soft water ; an abundance of closet room. Enqaire of JAMES E. FERNALD, ap23 tf 87 Middle Street. FOR SALE. House No. 18 Adam street, two stories, and liSli repair. 12 tiuiehed rooms, plenty JimIL hard aud soft water. For particulars enquire of B. J. W1LLARD. je9 dim· t or «aie or to Let. CLIFF COTTAGE, containing over 20 roomsjargestable and sheds—situated two and one-half miles from Portland, and the finest situation in Cape Klizalxth for a wa _______ tering place, and sumnur boarders. For particulars enquire of G KO. < »WKN, ap7 dtf 31 Winter .Street, Portland. FOR SALE. ν IIOUSΚ No. 172 Cumberland Street, be tween Kim and Chestnut, now occupied by Rev. W. U. Clark. Said house is in good re pair, is bHilt of brick, and contains thirteen rooms, lighted with gas. Good cellar and furnace. Title clear. For particular* enquire of THOMAS R. JONES, or J. C. PROCTER, Lime Street. mchl4 dtf For Sale. If applied for immediately, the fine schooner SARAH Β. 11Λ Κ K l S. 95 tone Essex built. 9 years old. in perfect order, with two suits'of nails, and well found in every respect. For further particulars apply to K. U. YORK & SON. Je6 dlw· ϋ: H Pleasure Boats FOR SALE Ο It TO LET. LAUREL, Sch. rigged, 27 feet long. TWILIGHT, Sloop. 23 feet long. WATER WITCH. Sloop. 18 feet long. Apply to K. HARLOW, myôdtf 229 Fore Street. For Sale. A FARM situated in I'ownal,con taining 20 acre» of land, divided in to tillage, era** land,and pasturing. Has a good Orchard containing 50 or more trees. A)eo*two good wells of wafer. It is 1J miles from the Grand lrunk De pot, and but a few minutes walk front church and school. A good house and barn on the premise*. Will be sold very low if applied for soon. For ftir ther particular* inquire at tin» store of K. TUTTLE. Jr., near Pownal Depot, Me. m y 21 4weodfltw4w49* VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE. f|1 (I K. subscriber oflm hi* farm near Gorham JL Corn r for sale. Considering the goodness of the farm and buildings, the nearness to the Semi nary. Churches. Depot, fcc., this is regarded as one of the most desirable residences in Cumberland county. Purchasers are Invited to examine the premise.·». Price $760 '■ Questions by mail freely answered. G KO. PENDLETON, Gorhain. jeC d& w2m Grocery Stock for Sale. ΤIIΚ subscriber», about to make a change in busi ness, will offer the balance of their stock, con sisting of choice SIERRA MORENA MOLASSES, TEA, TOBACCO, and a general assortment of OTHER GOODS, at reduced prices, for Cash. REED, CRESSEY & CO. No. 119 Commercial Mtrwt. Portland, June 3,1863. d2w· Do^irable Real KMatr for Sale· ONE undivided half of the two stokiki» Bkick DWELLING HOUSE, WITH LOT NO. 32 (iKEEN STREET, (above Cumberland.) The lot is about 3β χ 100 feet. The houae contains ten finished rooms, well arrange»! for two families, front and back stairs, unfinished attic, goo<l cellar and well supplied with excellent water. Arrangements can bo made for purchasing the whole property if desired. Apply to ' C M IIAWKES, Residence No 23 Elm street.or at John Lynch Λ Co., 139 Commercial street. je5 dtf FOR SALE. ^ LAWN COTTAGE, situated in Cape Elizabeth. two miles from ·ha Portland Post Office. This is one of the most beautiful countrv residen HTjA Τ^ί,ιι ces it the vieiuity of PortIand.com mandin" a tine view of the city, the harbor, and the surrounding cooutry. The house, stable, and out buildings have every convenience, and are surround ed b ν shade trees aûd shrubbery; and are in good repair. Connected with them are two acres of land in a high state of cultivation, and planted with ap ple, near arid cherry trees, now in bearing condition. On tiie whole this is one of the most desirable coun try seats to be found anywhere, and affords a rare opportunity for those dèsiriug to purchase. Inquire of li EN Κ Y BAILEY & CO., 18 Exchange St. j«e m Executor's Kale. H Y virtue of a license from the Hon. John A. Wa terman, .ludtfe of'ProtMtfe within and for the county of Cumberland, there will be sold at public auction, on Monday, the22d inst., at 3i o'clock in the afternoon, at the Sagadahoc House in I'«at h : 1-8 of the ship "Roanoke," built in 1858; 1-8 of ship "Napoleon," built in 1859; being interest of the late Joseph Badger, of Branswiek, deceased. Also, at Brunswick, at the late residence of the deceased, ou Tuesday, the23d inst., at nine o'clock in the forenoon, the furniture, household goods, car riages, ftul and other personal property on the premises. C. J. ι 1LY1AN, Executor. Brunswick, June 4.1863. je6 d2w FOR SALE. The estate known as the MACH1 GONN Κ VIL LA, located in Wegt n 'Î 'ly ^i. brook, two miles from Portland Poet flitl^lâJL Offlce. -Π-ίΙ' 'gJr1 The house contains eleven finished room», with plenty of cloaete. Hard and soft water in abundance. Theif is a good stable connected with a carriage house. The garden contains all the varieties of Flow«»n, Shubtwry, Ornamental Trm mid Ei«»nsrefns adapted to our climate, and over Two Hundred o( the fineftt Plum, Pear, Cherry and Apple Trees, most of which are in full bearing, together with STRAWBERRIES, GRAPES. CURRANTS and G OOS BERRIES in great abundance. The scenery in the vicinity is unsurpassed, and from the l'iazza of the house is a tine view of the Islauds, the Bay, and the city of Portland. Unless previously disposed of at private sale, «aid estate will be sold at public auction on Thursday, July 9,1863, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The grounds, about four acres tastefully laid out, aud house will be open for inspection until the day of sale. For terms and further information call on Ε. Μ. Ρ ΑΛΤEN, Auctioneer, or JAMES E. FERN ALD.87 Middle St. Portland, J une 8,1863. je 10 dtd LEGAL & OFFICIAL. Provost nurehal OMiwal's Office, Washington, D. C., May 22d,1S63. ALL men who desire to join any particular Regi ment of Cavalry now in the "field, are hereby authorized to present themselves at any time during the next thirty day* to the Board of 'Enrolment in their respective District.·*. The Board shall examine them, and determine upon their fitness tor the tor vice, and if found to be fit, the Provost Marshal ol the District shall give them transportation tickets to the general rendezvous, at the headquarter* of the A. A. Provost Marshal General of the State. As soon as they present themselves at this general ren dezvous they shall be duly mustered by a mustering and disbursing officer, and paid by him the bounty allowed by law. JAHESB. FRY, '· _Provost Marshal (Jeneral. Provost Marshal's Office, ) First District M a ink, [ Portland, June 1, 1H63.1 ALL men who wish to enlist as above, will report themselves tor enlistment and examination at this office within the time prescribed in the above order. Caft CHAS. H. DOUGHTY, Provost Mar* ho J, Junellmdkw First District, Maine. NOTICE. Provost Marshal General's Office, ) Washington, Mar 22,18tf3. ί THE attention of ail officers, who have been hon orably discharged on accouflft of wounds or dis ability, and who desire to re-enter the service in the Invalid Corps. Is called to the provisions of General Orders, No. 106, of 1H63, from the War Department, published in the papers throughout the couutrv. Such officers are requested to comply promptly with the provision s of that order, and to «end their writ ten applications, as therein provided, lor position* in the Invalid Corps, (stating the character of their dis 1 ability,) with as little delay as possible, to the Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General of the State in which they may be. Such Acting Assistant Provost Marshal General will at once forward the applica tions, with his indorsement, to the Provost Marshal General at Washington. Officers for the invalid Corps w ill be appointed immediately upon ftimishing the papers required by General Order No. 10G, of 1*68, from War Depart ment. Their pay and emoluments will commence from date of acceptance of such appointments,*pnd not from date of organization of the respective com mands to which they may be assigned. J. Β Ι* Η Y, ray30 dim Provost Marshal General. City οΓ Fori land. Mayor's Office. June β, 1H63. THE Committee on Public Buildings will receive proposais, until Saturday, the 20th day of June, 12 o'clock M., for furnishiug the City with 250 tone broken and screened, lle-eltine or Lehigh Coal ; mast be free from slate, and delivered at the City Building on or before the 15th September. The Committee rceerve the right to reject all pro posals if not deemed satisfactory. je8 td JACOB UcLELLAN, Chairman. PROPOSAL* FOR WOOD. Offic* of tue R. Q. M.,17thInfantry, U.S.A., I Fort Preble, Maine. May 8th, 1863. I SEALED PttOl'OSΑΙΛ will be received at this office until Tuesday, June 30, 18Π3. at 12 o'clock M., for (500) five hundred cords of hard, reasoned, merchantable wood—one hundred and twenty-eight cubic feet to the cord. The wood to bo delivered on the wharf at Fort I'reble in lot· of 60 corde or up ward*, as may be required. All the wood to be delivered on or before the first day of September next. tfo proposal* for less than fifty corde will be re ceived. Each proposal must be accompanied by the names of two r sponsible persons to enter into a sufficient bond for the faithfiil performance of the contract. Proposals should be endorsed "Proposals for fur nhbinr wood to thecornmand at Fort Preble." The Quartermaster reserves the right to rcject any or all bids not considered by him to be of benefit to the Government. All contract* will bo submitted to the Quartermas ter General, for his approval. Bidders are requested to be présent at the opening of the bids. II EX Κ Y INM AX. 1st Lieut. 17th Infantry, R.ij. M., U.S.A. my9 dtd Ordinance of the City respecting SECT. 1—No dog shall be i»ermitted to go at large or louse. iu any street, lane, alley, court, or trav eled way. or in any uuincloeed or public place in this City, until the owner or keeper of such dog, or the head of the tamilv, or the keeper of the house, store, shop, office, or other place where such dog is kept or harbored, shall have paid to tlie City Marshal two dollars for a license for such dog to go at large. S kct. 7. In case any dog shall be found loos*, or going at large, contrary toanv of the foregoing pro visions , the owner or keeper thereof, or the bean of the family, or keeper of the house, store, shop, office, or other j>Iace where such dog is kept or harbored, shall forfeit aud pay a sum not exceeding ten dol lars. X. B. The ab< A " u Dogfi. forced. Portland. May 7, 18tf8. m y 8 tf BLODGETT & SWEET'S Paient Galvanized PORTABLE OVENS! for Hotels, Steamer· and Private Families. Warranted to Cook with lew Fuel than any other Oven in use ! MANUFACTURED BY R. S. STEVENS, South Parts, .Tie. TESTIMONIALS. Bamum's Eating House, Temple St., Port/and, Me. K. S. Stevens—Sir :—I have had in constant use for the last three years one of your Patent Galvan ized Ovens, which is in point of economy superior to any Oven I ever used, and which has in roasting meat*, baking paltry, Ac., given the greatest satis faction. Isaac Barnlm. Portland, May 9tk, 1863. Portland, June 3d. 1*63. R. S. Stevens—Sir:— I have Ui-od ont» of llie Pa teut Galvanized Ovens of your manufacture for five. fWtl. Wh.1-η I purchased' 1 anticipated much from it, from what I had heard ; and I can -ay that it has more than met ray expectations. It is decidedly a great improvement over any other inventiou that I nave seeu for all kind* of baking, and I think the saine amount of cooking can be done with oucHjuar· ter of the tuel used by any other process. My folks say it is a please re t·· υ-·: the Grinaind « hren, the heat betef so confined that they raflbf no booBraiewN from it, even in the warmest weather. 1 can with contidence recommend it to the public. It needs on ly to be tested to be approved. Yours truly, Charles Bailey. Portland, June, 1W58. R. S. Stevens—Sir:—We have used in our family for the laat five years one of your Patent Galvanized Ovens, and would most cheerfully recommend it to the public. Mrs. \V says it would be almost the last article ot furniture in the house that she should part with. She considers it as great au improvement in baking and roasting over the cook stove, as the cook stove is over the old-fashioued wav with the open fire for cookiug. It saves a great ileal of fuel, aud is a great comfort in warm weather, as it heats the room so little. It seems to me that when its merits are fully known that it must come into general use, for no family who has ever had it, can aflord to be without it. Most truly yours, Alfred Woodman. REFERENCES. Grand Trunk Hating House Portland. Smith's Kating House ·· International Hotel 44 Work House 44 Charles Hanniford Cape Elizabeth. AG κντ. J". Xj. Howard, Exchange Street - - - - - Portland. This invention, the n»sult of practical experience, having now undergone the thorough test ot exten sive practical use iu hotels, public institution*. nt«am· en, boftrdinf*lko«aee ud pnrtte families, it nowcou tidentlv presented to the public as superior in point of economy, safety, durability, ease of management, oonre&ience, and above all. in the unrivalled man ner in which it does its work to any other iuveution of the kind now in use. It is a perfect Oven, doing everything required of it in the most su|>erior manner. It will roast at the same time as many different kinds of meat as the oven eta contain, and each ptew wfH be perfectly sweet and free from the gases arising from tne differ ent varieties, as the gases are let off through an es cape pipe at the top. For baking bread and pastry this Oven is without a rival, as the heat is regulated by dampers at the bottom, and is under the perfect control of the oper ator. It is not excelled in point of economy, as the heat required is generated within the oven. The ma terial troin which it is manufactured being a non conductor. and constructed with air-chambers.there is no radiation of heat, and a small quantity of fuel will keep it going for hours. 8even sizes are manufactured, suitable for the smallest private frmily, or for steamers and hotels of the largest class. No. 3 is especially adapted to the use of private fkmilies, being a convenient place to heat water for tea. The undersigned is prepared to manufacture and sell the above Ovens, and Rights for the same in any city or town in the State of Maine. H. 8. STEVENS. South Paris, Junt β, lmZ. jeSdtf MISCELLANEOUS. Non Buttling, FKhlng, Boating mid Boarding, At Peak's Island Portland, Me Henry M. Buackbtt would respectftilly in fur m lii* friend* aud all those intending to vi*<it the sea-shore for health and quiet, that he has reeeoUr purchased the PEAK'S ISLAND HOUSE, situated but a few yards from hie own. Both these houses, plea*ant%r situated, commanding a Une view of the ocean and surrounding inlands, will now bo open for tbe accom modation of genteel boarder* Steamers will make several trip- Jail/ between the Island and Portland. Terme reasonable. jcHdtf new ivrusio ι FOR Β A LB ·Τ—— A. ROBINSON, PTo. 51 Eifkaage Street· When this Cruel Wat i" Over 26 eta. Call me not back from the Echoless Shore 25 cte. Who will care tor Mother 2s ow 35 eta. Uncle Sam what ails von? ,..25 cte. Soldier's Dream of florae 25 cte. How are you, Green Backs 30 eta. Kingdom Coming 25 cte. High Daddy, the famons Song 3D cts. Without «loubt the above are the most popular pieces of mu*ic ever published. On receipt of tbe marked price, I will send any piece by mail, free of postage, to anv part of the State. Je9 lwd4 w51 A. ROBINSON. J. R. «OLDER, Furniture and Crockery WARERQOMS, No*. 148 and IM middle Street, Fashionable Parlor, Chamber, AID COMMON FIRMTTRE, —aAo— Looking Glasses and Mattresses. ALSO, DEALER IN AND IXPORTKR OF CAiinu, trotkery, and GLASS WARE, Rritannia, Plated Ware, AID TABLE CUTLERY, jy AH of which will be sold very LOW for CASH. my 18 tf Scotch Canvam, ro* BALI BY JAMES T. PATTEN & CO., Bath, Me. k BOLTS Superior Bleached • v/v 300 do All Lou/r flax "Gov ernment contract 800 do Extra AU Long flax 800 do Nary Fine Alma Work·, Arbroath. Delivered in 1'ortland or Boston. Bath. April 20,1868. »p22 dtf FlftEVV OftkS! FOK JULY Ilk. CUTTER Sl AUSTIN, (Surcewor. In HOLDEX, CUTTER ft CO.,} 39 4k 30 Fraierai, a ad I07, 111 * 113 Street». Beat··. Whole«Ue dealer. in Firework, of .rtri description. On hand, a larre atock of ΠΚΚ < HACK EUS, TOR rKDOES and CHIXEHE FIREWORK8. Exhi bition. tarnished to any amount. Order, .elicited, and I'rwc Lift, forwardwl to dealer, if recanted. JelO dtjr4 MACHINERY, Sleam and da· Fitliag·, Ac. THE subscriber would inform bin friend· and the public, thai he may be found at 37 UNION STREET, (until hi# «hop in rebuilt,) read7 to answer any order· for «team, gan and water pipes. Steam and (its Kitting» of all description·. Will also attend to fitting the above for steam or gj*. Orders received for Pattern making, and Steam and other machinery, Boilers, Water Tanks, kc. Will devote his personal attention to arranging and setting Engines, Boilers, Shafting, on reasonable terms. IRA WIXN Agent, deciedtf NEW ^Γλ2 Livery Stable ! 9^2 The subscriber, having fttted up a Liverv Stable on Franklin street, between Federal and Congress streets, is prepared to accommodate his friends with good Horses and Carriages, at reasonable rates. CT*A share of publie patron age is solicited. SAMUEL WELLS. Portland, May 29.1«63. m y 2» 8md ff.X » REMOVAL. HENRY DUNN & SON HAVE &KXOVXD Til KIR Harness and Trnak Establishment From Exchange Street to Moulton's Block, Flo. 172 Middle St., and would be pleased to *ec all their old friends and anv number of new ones. my 19 Imed IIKN H Y DUNN k SON. GUNS, VM RIFLES, REVOLVERS, AND All the Acrompaaimeatii. Fishing Taokle! The BEST Assortment in the City. <·· L. BAILEY - - - 42 Exchange Street· ap27 iseodtt FAIRBANKS' Standard SCALES. These celebrated Scale1* are still made by the orig inal inventors, (and only by thkm,) and are con· stantly receiving all the improvements which their long experience and skill can suggest. They are correct in principle, thoroughly made, of the beet material», and are perfectly accurate and durable in operation. For atle, In every variety, ta Il «y. Con I and Railroad dealest BUTCHERS. GROCERS'. URUOGISTS·, CON KECTtOKKRS· and UOLD NCALES! Beams, Weights,&c.,&c. With » complete variety of WEKHIING ΑΡΡΑΗΑΤΓ8, — BY — FAIBBANK8 ft BROWN, 118 UilkSthkkt—cornet of Batterymarchgtreet Β oaton. Sold in Tortland by EMERY k WATERU0U8K. oc2ô tf Copartnership Notice. THE undersigned have formed ft Copartnership uuder the firm of RING A T1IAXTKR, 11 Tkxplb Street, where may be found ft generftl ftaeortment of Humeri, Trunk*, Valine·, rravelliif Bag s, Ac., Ac. J08BFH *1ΪΙβ. J. Β. TBAXTVB Ν. B. CftrriageTrimming and Repairing done at short notice. inyl9 3weodfcw48