ILAND DAILY PRESS.
VOLUME II. PORTLAND, ME., THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1863.
WHOLE NO. 353.
PORTLAND DAILY PRBBS,
JOHN T. OILMAN, Editor,
I· published at No. 82} EXCHANGE 8TKEE1
IN FOX BLOCK, by
If· A. FOSTER A CO.
The TottTLAWD Daily Γκκοί» if published ever]
morning (Sundays excepted), at S6.00per year it
advance, to which will be addodI twenty-fiveceuts foi
each three months' delay, and if not paid for at th<
end of the year the paper will be discontinued.
Τ?» M^SaSrATaPaEeais published every Thurs
dav morning. et « 00 per aunum, in advance; 92 2!
if paid within ei* months; and *2.60, if payment b<
delayed beyond the year.
Hates of Advertising: :
f 1.26 per square daily first week ; 75 cents per week
after; three insertions or less, 91.00; contiuuiug eve
ry other day after first week, 60 cent*.
Half square, throe insertions or less, 75 cents : one
week, tl.OO; 50 cents j»er week after.
Under head of Am*s m Εκτβ, *2 00 per square per
week: three insert ion» or less, ·1,60.
Special Notice·, ft.76 per square first week,
•1,00 per equare after ; three insertions or less, #1.25 ;
half a square, three insertions, ft 1.00; one week,
Βυβινκββ Notice», in reading columns, 12 cents
per Hue for one insertion. No charge less than fifty
Legal Notices at usual rates.
Advertisements inserted in the Maike State
Pees#* (which has a large circulation in every part ο
the State) for 88 eents per square in addition to the
above rates for each insertion.
Transient advertisements must be paid for in ad·
OF*AH communications intended for the paper
should be directed to the "Editor qf the Press," and
those of a business character to the Publishers.
tyThe Pobtlahd Daily and Maike State
Preiis Office, in Fox Block, No. 82$ Exchange
Street, is open at all hours during the day and eve·
ning, fVoin 7 o'clock In the morning to 9 in the
tyjoB PaiKTiwo oj every description executed
with dispatch; and all business pertaining to the of
fice or paper promptly transacted on application as
F. Tracy, Traveling Agent.
Bowdoin Street House,
«4 BOTTDOI* STREET.
:. jSS|Cerner AUIon > BOSTON.
HI W. F. DAVIS,
Late Proprietor of the Minot Houm, Cobauet.
TERMS, ίΙΛΟ PER DAY.
COAL & WOOD,
CHEAP FOR CASH,
DELIVERED TO AKY PART or THECtlT
BPRINO MOUNTAIN LEHIGH,
THE GENUINE LOU BE R Υ,
Pare and Free Burning.
FOR SMITHS' USE.
THESE Coal· are (triotlr of th· bwt quality, an
inrruM to gire natûfkction.
Alto. for sale, bfwt quality of Nova Scotia and other
Hard and Soft Wood.
Thepablio ar» reneent™! toeall, u we arc d»ter
Binod to (fire good bargain· to thoee who pay caeh.
Qfflce, Commercial St., head of Maine WTi'J
SAWYER A WHITWEY.
GARDINER & BROWN,
vAA Aies Middle Street,
J|jj$ Opposite the Custom House,
llave on hand, and «re daily receiving the lat·
MTand ΜΟβτ dksikablk ρtvlab of
Fury Donklnt and CiutUncm.
ALIO, A rULL STOCK or TBI
Latest Styles of
Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods,
which we will sell At prices to unit the times.
Portland, Nov. 19,1862. dtf
DR. S. C. FERNALD,
No. 175 Middl Street.
Rartmwc** Dre. Racox and Brv*li*.
Portland, Hay 16,185β. tf
Dr. J. H. HEALD
HAVING disposed of his entire interest in his
Office to Dr. 8.C KERN ALD. would cheerfully
ΐΓ0€0ί?τη·η<1 llini to '«rmer patients and the pub
lic. Dr. Psrvald, from long experience, is prepar
ed to insert Artificial Teeth on the "Vulcanite Base,"
anu all other methods kt*»wu to the prolession.
I ori'and, May Î5,1S63. tf
F. M. CARSLEY,
No. 51 Union Street,
I& prepared to do all kiude of CABLET JOB·
BlN(> iu a prompt and satisfactory manner
Book and Show C&iei made to order.
V Karmtaro Made. Repaired and VaraWMd »t
Portland, May ». IMS. tf
Ί. ». KERK1LL A CO..
No. 27 Union Street, Portland, Me.
Water Closets, Urinals, Force and Suction Pump»
Bath Boiler». Wa»h Botch, Silver Plated f Bras»
Cocks, of all kinds constantly on hand.
tr All kind* offtxtare· lor hot and cold water
Mt up iu the be*t manner.
All order* in city or country peraonallyattended t ο
*-Β. MERRILL. JOHK BORD. ·. D. MERRILL.
JOHS B. BROWN Λ SO IKS,
rOKK STRUCT, PORTLAND. ME.
1Λ. surlale "Work.
». R. THOMPSON,
Ie prepared to reoeire order· for
■arble, Free Stone, Soap Stone,
Marble Chimney Plow», MounmenUl Work and
Ο rind· tone·.
Caraer mt Pearl aid federal St·..
jeMtl PORTLAND, ME
Excbanccht. Free I.uncb every day from 1C
row. ai*dflm L B TirOMBLT.
(Successor to JOS. L. Κ EL LE Y & CO.,)
Varnish and Japan Manufacturer,
And dealer in
Linseed Oil, Spirits Turpentine, Albert
and Benzole Spirits.
Office28β Congres» Street, Portland Me·
FOR SALE ΠΥ
JAMES T. PATTEN & CO.,
1)ΛΑ BOLTS Superior Bleached I
il/' t 30υ do All Loon flax "(iov- ι Λ w„.v.
«rament contract.·' > .λ..?,'
800 do Extra All Long flax | Arbroatli.
300 do Narjr Fiuc j
Delivered 10 Portland or Bouton.
Bath, April Î0.1863. ap22dtf
These celebrated Scales are still made by the orig
inal inventors, (awd o*ly by then,) and are con
stantly receivingall the improvements which theii
long experience and skill can suggest.
They are correct in principle, thoroughlg made,
Jf the best material», and are perfectly accurate and
urable in operation.
Foreale,in every variety,at
Har* Coal aad Railroad Scalc·!
BUTCHERS'. GROCERS'. DRUGGISTS'. COK
FECTIONER8' and GOLD
With a complete variety of
— BY —
F AIR Β A If Κ 8 A BROWN,
I18MiLKST»rr—corner of Batterrtnatch.Streei
Sold in Portland by "iMKRY k WATEKIIOUSK.
NEW FUNERAL CAR.
THE subscriber most respectfully begs leave to in
form the citizen· of Portland and vicinity that
he has been appointed an undertaker, with all tho
legal right* and privileges to bury or remove the
dead that the superintendent has. and is now ready
to attend to that dutv in the most oareful manner.
I have a new FUNERAL CAR, snch as is used al
most entirely in Boston. New York, and other large
cities, which I propose to use at the funerals 1 attend
as undertaker, at the same price that other under
takers charge for the city hearsev and nothing extra
from the old price. The poor alwave liberally con
sidered by JA8. M. CURItIEK,
Sexton of Rev. Dr. Shatter * Church.
E^Rmidkxcr No. 7 Chapel Strkkt. Jy28d6m
LI VERY STABLE.
THE .ulwriber le now prepared to bo«rd bone·
. ,b7 'he dlv or week, at No. 13 Iicnn *τ, near
Middle, (third door below the Sailor.' Home. I
Strangere and other· from the eountrv are hereby
reminded t hat the above Stable I· nearer io the U rand
Trunk Depot and Boiton Steamboat wharftliau any
other Stable. Charge, moderate.
„ , . , ÇHAKLK8 K. SFXSON.
Portland. July 80,1863. dlw
iCAPT. WERNER W. BJERO,
Late of the 1st Reg. Ν. Y. Vols.,
Having been appointed Captain in theU. S.
Invalid Corps f»v the President of the Unit
ed States, and aiso ordered to Portland,Me.,
has this day opened his Recruiting Office in
82 Exchange Street,
in order to administer the oath of enlistment
to men who havecompletelv fulfilled the pre
scribed conditions of admission to ihe
Aroostook and New Brunswick
I I/eivM BOSTON every Monday and Thursday morn
! jog. At 8 o'clock, and PORTLAND name* evening, for
I St. Andrews, Woodstock and IIoulton.
I Returning,leave» Houlton and Woodstock every
i Monday and Wednesday morning.
Office», No. 5 Congre»» Square, Boston, and Eastern
i Express Company's office, Portland.
mv22eod3m Π F. TOBIN. Proprietor.
American and Foreign Patents.
R. Π. EDDY,
SOLICITOR OF PATENTS,
Late Agent of U. S Patent Office, Washington
?6 Stale Htreet,<)ppo»ite Kilby Street,
Β Ο STOΝ .
AFTER an extensive practice of upwards oft wen
ty yeais,continues to secure Patents in the Unit
ed States; also in Great Britain, France, and other
foreign countries. Caveat», Specifications, Bonds,
Assignments,and all Papers or Drawings for Patents,
executed on liberal terms, and with despatch. He
searches made into American or Foreigu works, to
determine the validity or utility of Patents or Inven
tions—and legal or other advice rendered in all mat
ters touching the same. Copies of t he claims of any
Patent furnished bv remitting One Dollar. Assign
ments recorded at Washington.
The Agency is not only the largest In New Eng
land, but throngh it inventors have advantages for
securing Patents, of ascertaining the patentability ot
Inventions, unsurpassed by, if not immeasurably su
perior to, any which eau D· oflVn-d them elsewhere.
The Testimonials below given prove that none is
MORE SUCCESSFUL AT THE PATENT OFFICE
than the subscriber: and a» SUCCESS IS THE REST
PROOF or A I) V ANT AO ES AND ABILITY, he
would add that he has abundant reason to believe,
aud can prove, that at no other office of the kind
are the charges for professional services so moderate
The immense practice of th' «Hbscriber during twen
ty vear» past, has nnabled him to accumulate a vast
oo flection of specification» and official decisions rela
Ive to patents.
These, besides bf *xtensive libranr of legal aud
mechanical works.and full account* orpatent prant
idin the United States and Europe, render bim able,
bevond question, to offer superior facilities for ob
AU necessity ol a iourney to Washington, to pro
I cure a patent, and the usual great delay there, are
here saved inventors. , ·. · ·
4,I regard Mr. Eddy a* one of the most cajtableanrl
βurretirai practitioners with whom I have had offi
cial intercourse." CHARLES MASON,
\ Commissioner of I*ttents.
"I have no hesitation in assuring inventors that
they cannot employ a person more competent and
trustworthy, and more capable of putting their ap
plication- in a form to secure for them an early and
favorable consideration at the Patent Office."
Late Commissioner of Patents
. Mr. R H. Eddy ha* made for me THIRTEEN ap
plications, on all but onk of which patents have been
granted, and that is norr pending. Such unmistak
able proof of great talent and ability on his part
lead»· me to recommend «//inventors to apply to him
to procure their patents, as they may be sure of hav
ing the most faithful attention bestowed on their
cases, and at very reasonable charges."
JOHN Τ AGO ART.
Dnriugeight months, the subscriber, in course of
his larjr*» practice, made on trrire refected applica
tions SIXTEEN APPEALS. EVERY ONE of1 which
was decided in his favor, fry the Commissioner of
Prient*· R. II. EDDY
Dine at. the
]!I«»rchantftF.xclianK<> Eating Ηοηκο
17 * 19 ExchangeStreet.
A Kree Lunch every day from 10 to IS ap8 em
2M.OM 1*1. Bangor Spnire I .nth*
TIOR SA I.Κ at invoice price*, at No. 4 Central
1? wharf. s. C. DYF.K.
Caeco Street Seminary.
ΤΠΕ FALL TERM of thla School for voun» La
die· and Miaaea will commence on Taea«lay.
Sept. l«t, and continue eleven week·. There will
alao be a department fer children.
For further information inquire of the Principal,
at 217 Congress street, after Aug.24th.
aug6 4<><ftw MISS H HAWKE8
J. L. WIXSLOW, Afgvnu
M AKUFACTUBKIl OF
Steam Engines, Steam Boilers,
AM EVERT DESCRIPTION OF IACH1NIBÏ,
S to·m Cocke, Valvee, Pipes and Connection*, Whole
sale or Retail.
STEAM AND OAS FITTING,
Done in the bert manner.
Work· β Union St., and SS3 & 335 Fore St.,
JnlWtf POKTLAND. Mh.
CRIAT CHANCE FOR BARGAINS BEFORE THE RISE !
in HOUSES, »t pric*« from tlOOOto M000.
100 HOUSE LOTS, *t price· from WOO to «3000.
1,000.000 feet of FLATS.
1,000.000 feet of LAND.
1 STOKE LOTS on Commercial Street.
MOSES GOULD, 74 Middle SI.,
iotSTdtf Ur Stair*.
ALBERT WEBB Λ CO,
Corn, Flour and Grain,
HEAD OF MERRILJ/S WHARF.
Ceainirrcial Street·· - f'orilnnrf. Me·
WOODHIAN, TRUE Λ CO.,
No*. 54 and 58 - - - - - Middle Street.
Need lee and Trimming* a! way* on hand.
SWEAT & CLEAVES,
Attorneys and Counsellor* at Uw,
OFFICE 117 Middle Street.
L. D M.»WKAT. «ATUil CLliTU
Having a responsible Agent in Wellington, will
procure Pension*. Bounty, Priie Money, and all
claims against the Government.
Best Ambrotype or Photograph,
DO not flail to call at No. 27 Market Square, where
they take TERFEtT LIKENESSES, and war
rant satisfaction, at price* ν hic h defy competition.
Ν.Β.—Large Ambrotype* only Fifteen Cents.
TRASK A LEWIS,
27 Market Square, h'd Preble St
July 14th, 18β2. dtf
Jl. T>. REEVES,
— H AiJO«T RBTCRHSD from —
NEW YORK AND BOSTON,
With a large and well selected Stock of Spring
Cloth·, Cuiimerei and Veitingi!
Also a fUU assortment of
And is prepared to make them up at short notice.
Call and See,
AT No. 98 EXCHANGE STREET.
Portland. Sept. 14.1Ηβ2. dtf
T. n. JONES
Banking and Exchange „ Ottire,
No. 65 Exchange Street,
etook.8 cto Bonde
OF ALL KINDS.
BOUGHT AND SOLD.
Τ Η Κ Office of COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL
REVENCR h»* been removed to the office over
the Mtrehanti' Exchange, '
22 EXCHANGE STREET.
Κ J. MILLER,
ap!3 dtf Collector of Finit District in Ifftine.
JOHN F. SHERRYj
Hair Cutter and Wis Maker,
No. 13 Market Square, Portland, (up atairs.)
RT'Si'pirfttc room for Ladies' and Children's Hair
A (food stock of Wigs. Half-Wig«. Band*. Braids,
Cnrl*, Fi izetts, Pads, Rolls, Crimping Beards, Ac.,
Jkc.. constantly on hand. je22'68 djy
FULTON FISH MARKET !
— AT —
Mo. 11Φ Federal Street.
Has o|>fn«l t hie
CENTRAI, FISH MARKET
To accommodate our citizens.
FRESH, SALT AND SMOKED FISH,
I Of every description, and Lobsters, to he had at this
! Orders will be answered and delivery made to those
: who may deaire. Open until 8 o'clock Γ. M.
Τ HI Ε BEST!
THE Photograph Galleries, No. 80 Middle street,
Portland, having been thoroughly retitted and
MMdcd trlihiH th<· late·! iamrovomento, ar«· now
open for the accommodation of the public.
The proprietor is prepared to supply his former
customers and all who may give hiin a call, with pic
tures of every description, executed in the be~t man·
ner and at reasonable prices.
|5Γ" Particular attention given to eopving.
A. i>. DAVIS, Proprietor.
Tortland, July 30,1803 dtf
Livery stable !
The subscriber, having fitted up a Liverv Stable on
Franklin street, between Federal and Congress
streets, in preuared to acoommodate hie friends with
Horses and Carriages,
at reasonable rates. cr-A share of public patron·
age U solicited. SAMUEL WELI/S.
Portland, May 28,1863. my29 3md
S. C. CALDWELL,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
Commissioner for the state of Maine,
335 Broadway New York City.
Having studied and practised law in the State of
Maine, particular attention will be given to collect
ing claims, taking depositions,and executing papers
to be used in that State.
RerKHKNcas—Howard fc 8trout, Portland; Tall·
man k Larrabee. Hath; Eugene Hale, Ellsworth.
Jy81 ifcwSw* 7
Those Winking to Have
mi ME. moiii-v. health, trouble, fretting and Die like
X call where you c»n ret Hawie'· Pttot I'ulley
Klevating aud Folding Clothe# Dryer, undoubtedly
the ben in the world. Au assortment of the
beat Clotbe· Wringer· now In uao. Spring Bed·,
which for ueatnei·, «implicit* aud durability Dart no
: equal. Churn·, window waiber·, koJik ieonran and
other article· too nunierou· to mention.
Where i* It ·
At 229 CONORbSS ST., near City Building
Brig. Gen. George F. Shepley,
Citj Hall, Ptrtlud, Mood» limint, Ainsi 10th, I$63.
Reported Phonogmptiicalljr by J. D. I'ulaiftr.
Mr. Chairman—For the cordial and flatter
ing terms in which, in behalf of my old friends
and fellow citizens, you have extended this
kind welcome to me. accept for yourself, and
these fair ladies and loyal and brave men of
the Forest City, my most hearty acknowledg
ment.». I accept the more reitdily, and I ap
preciate tliis welcome the more highly, because
1 know that its cordiality springs, not from
any thing which is |M-rsonal to myself, but is
the mere efflision of your generous sympathy
for those who, in whatever lauds, are exerting
themselves to maintain the honor of the flag,
and the integrity of our Union. I know that
that welcome would have been as earnest, and
a» cordial towards the humblest soldier in the
ranks of our victorious army. But 1 know
that vou have extended this welcome to me,
that 1 may bear back to them this evidence
of your kind appreciation of their lal>ors, and
their sacrifices. 1 will carry it back to tliein,
and I will tell them, those who have gone there
to meet the foe, that here at home their lal>ors
and Hieir sacrifices are appreciated : 1 will tell
them that they iiave here at home a loyal
people; I will tell them that if the fortunes of
war shall call upon them to pour out their
blood and to lay down their lives in the glori
ous cause in which they are enlisted, here are
thousands and teas of thousands to till up the
decimated ranks and push on this work to
victory. (Applause.) é
1 receive this greeting now the more joyfully,
at this auspicious period in this great contest
in which we an· engaged, now when the brave
and gallant soldiers from theNprthwest,coming
from the sources of the Mississippi, have met
and shaken hand» with those no less gallant
soldiers of the Northeast, coining up the Mis
sissippi ; have joined hands aud formed a circle
embracing the rebellion ; that circle which
shall be drawn lighter and tighter around the
throat of this rebellion, until the last armed
reliei shall be sulslucd or expelled from the
When, my fellow citizens, it was last my for
tune to stand before you. on the spot where I
now stand, 1 said I lielieved that in the one
tuity of this government, all other political
Ïuestions were to be merged. I said then, ami
«ay it now, that during thin contest, and no
long as thin civil war continued, I would know
no party, no politics, no cause hut the cause of
my country, and the Union. (Applause.)
I come here now in response to your gener
ous invitation, not to take part in any mere
partizan or local contest, not to discuss anv
mere partizan or local question. Hut 1 don't
fear to discus» these. I have no reluc
tance to say here or any where, what my opin
ions and my convictions of duty are. The last
]K)litical act which It was my duty and my
pleasure to perform before 1 lell this beautiful
city to enter on my new and untried duties,
w as to cast my vote for one who was then
gloriously and gallantly lighting the Imttles of
his country, the gallant and lamented J amkson,
whoee voice *H so often heard amid the din
of battle, as U« cheered his gallant regiment,
and afterwards led his gallant brigaiie to vie
tory ; whose clarion voice is now hushed bi
the silence of death which he met in the cause
of his country. And he would have given up
not only that life, but a hundred lives. If he
had had them to give, as cheerfully as he laid
that down in the glorious cause.
I voted for him u(>on a platform which is as
good now as it wa» then, as true and as loyal
as it was on the day when it was enunciated.
If you will pardon me the slight allusion to
the past, I will .read you those eloquent and
loyal words. They are no words of mine, but
they are words that 1 adopt. They are word»
that I adopted then; they are words to which
I adhere now. I read the resolution:
Regotced. That the best tribute we can pav to the
memory of oar lite distinguished standard bearer,
that deeply lamented, true |«friot and statesman,
Stephen A. l>t>ug las, is to follow the counsel* he gare
as as his lut legacy, and stand by and defend the
constitution and flag ui our eouittry, believing with
him that "the jtr*-nerrniion "f the tloremment it
t>aramm<nt la all nthrr uotitirai yiejftnaj. and that
three can be but I wo eiaee In this controrerty. Kve·
ry m an must be on the f I'/e of the Lrnited State» or
agnmnt it. There ran be η·> neutrals in thi$ tear.
There can be none but patriote and traitors.
There can be no neutrality. There can be
none but patriots or traitors. These were
words of truth, words of |>atrioti*m. They
are true now,as they were true then, and they
are as worthy as a rule of action and a guide
of our conduct now, as they were when they
were thus enunciated. If, therefore, fellow -
nuzcus, uu» as uien, a question simula arise
«Ilk regard I» my duty to my country and my
government. I would art upon that question
with an eye single to this principle; that the
perpetuity and the preservation of the govern
ment is paramount to all other political
questions. I would care not by what party
naine a man might choose to call himself; I
would care not to what party organization he
belonged. I would look solely to this one test
question w hich was then made, and 1 would
see what man was most earnest in the lalior of
suppressing this relx-Hlon anil preserving tills
glorious Union: for him and with him I would
act and work until this labor of preserving the
Union was accomplished.
With this slight allusion to what is local and
partisan, I dismiss this part of in ν subject.
Two great questions, fellow-citizens, present
themselves now to the mind of everv reflect
ing American citizen. They are so all-a)>sorl>
ing. they are so all-important, that they leave
us neither time nor thought for the considera
tion of any other. They are simply these:
Can this wicked rebellion be suppressed?
And after this armed rebellion is put down. ,
if put down it shall Im-. can this once glorious
Union lie restored?
These are the questions of the day: these j
are the issues of the hour, and all else is trivi- '
al. and unimportant, and unworthy of (he
thought or consideration of a man. I'ntil
these an· disposed of, there is no question of
politics, then· is no question of property, then· :
Is no question of health or life Itself to which j
these two great questions are not paramount. |
Can this rebellion l>e suppresses? What is j
now its condition? I<et us glance for a mo- i
ment over the map of our country, and look
at that portion of it which at the outset was
given over to the hordes of the rebellion.
First, let us glance at those border States
whose position is so important.ami where the
sacrifices of the Union men and of the patri
ots have been so enobling and so enormous.
Maryland, upon whose soil was shed the first
blood of the sons of New Kngland who had
gone out to shed their blood for their country,
once disloyal. Is now ' placed beyond the shad
«· - j'-Ui V — Λ ' "
it is propheeied that it will come out of this I
context nut only loyal, but with a settlement '
of th»· issues involved in this contest such a> |
shall render it certain there will never again
be any question as to which side it will take in
this great cause.
There is Virginia, dismembered, shorn of its |
fair proportions, with one-third loyal and two
thirds in a condition that, wheu it ceases to lx·
the battle-field, will cause It to fall into our
hands an easy prey, and he in the same condi
tion as to its future political state a- Maryland :
Missouri, which has already taken it·· rank
among the Free States of the Union, and Ken
tucky. always loyal In the main, but now doul>
ly so since it hits expelled all the friends of the
reiiellion from the land, and led it only as a
land of loyal citizens.
If these States alone, if only these States
were to be assured to us, we should know that
the strength upon which the leaders of the re
bellion had counted, had failed them : we
should know that there would always he be
tween us and them a bulwark of liberty.—
But this is not all : the gallant Rosecrans has
driven the forces of Bragg south of the Ten
nessee. compelling him, day alter day, and
week alter week, to make those masterly re
treats for which alone he appears now to be
distinguished. He has placed him, by a suc
cession of most Important and moat Ingenious
strategic movements, In a condition where hi)
rebel friends at Richmond complain that Roee
crtns will nor gtre him a chance to light where
he wants to, but continually outflanks him and
compel» him to seek new Held*. He would be
glad to tight him, but he can't get the oppor
tunity to light him except where Roeecrani se
lect* the ground.
We pass down the Mississippi, ami there we
And that Grant, " the noblest Roman of them
all,"' (cheers) has reduced their lioasted im
pregnable stronghold, taken thirty thousand
prisoners, and sent out Sherman, one his brav
est generals, to plant the (lag of the Union
over Jackson, the capital of the most warlike
State in the Confederacy. And we find this
State, considered the very soul of chivalry,
heretofore so vaunted, so boastful before the
fall of Vicksburg, before its citadel and
before it* capital were taken, we And it so
reduced that our dashing cavalry officer,
the gallant Col. Grierson. with a thousand
men, cut his way through the length and
breadth of this heretofore vaunted stronghold
of the rebellion. Such is proud, boastful,
vaunted, defiant Mississippi. To such a con
dition is the State reduced ; a State which has
more of the sinews of war in brave and gal
lant men than any other State south of Mason
and Dixon's line, I think.
We pass down to Louisiana, (applause) and
there find that Hanks, (applause) rolling down
the great Mississippi the tide of victory which
Grant had set in motion, by the reduction of
Port Hudson has accomplished the last act in
the drama upon the Mississippi, uniting the
armies of the South-West with those of the
North-West, and by cutting the Confederacy
in two, he ha* settled the fate of the Confeder
acy and the fate of the rebellion. (Prolonged
We find that by this series of victories In the
West and the South-West, the sources from
which this army of the rebellion has hereto
fore drawn it« supplies—from the fertile plains
of Tex:i*. anil from tw t* '--1— * 1
j. ... .«v.v/u υ< iici
merchant* from other land»—are now forever
cut off: and no longer can they draw through
Mntamora- the arms and munition- with which
to supply themselves. Now 110 longer can
they bring sixty thousand Enfleld rifle* to sup
ply those which Grant found in Vicksburg,
ami which our neutral friend* across the wat
er had kindly furnished through the channel·
of the Bio Grande. No longer can they draw
thence the rich herd* of cattle which have been
the stay of her army. No longer can they
draw frcmi South-West Louisiana the salt
which ha* supplied them, to procure which they
sent their wagons anil mule teams more than six
hundred mile* to a little ledge of solid salt which
wa* found on an islaud in the gulf on the shore
of Louisiana. The sources of this supply are
cut off. occupied and taken possession of by a
r.-giinent that went from Maine, and which
wa* then led by the gallant Colon»·!, now act
ing General, Kimball, from the hills of Oxford.
Now we find that a large portion of the State
is again occupied by the Federal troops, and
such are the movements and such the condi
tion of affairs. that in a few weeks we expect
to send to you from Louisiana the announce
ment that there is no more of the rebellion
west of the Mississippi River.
With all these successes elsewhere, we come
around again to the Atlantic coast, and we find
an army confident and determined of success,
thundering at the gate.* of rebel Charleston.
(Applause.) \\'e turn to the Richmond pa
per^ last received, and we And that, with all
the aptitude for lying which has distinguished
the press of the Confederacy, they say the
fall of Charleston will be the fall of the con
federacy. We remember we have been told
long ago, that after all the battles upon
the soil of the Confederacy have been fought
out. and their cause luid become desperate,
they would, a* one last and Anal coolest make
an effort to transfer the struggle to the soil
of the North, and give us a taste of the dis
traction of war. They have made that at
tempt, and they did not make it until their
fortunes elsewhere were waning, and to the
ρ v»« nf ovurr iAâowl«« ■**"** 1 L '
appeal. Tin·) made that attempt in the West
with the raid of Morgan, who intended to dé
notai» fair and loyal Ohio, lie went to at
tack Ohio, and Morgan and hi» raiding and
robbing hands are prisoner» on the noil they
went to desolate. They sent au army into
Pennsylvania. They intended, as they avow
ed. to lay tribute npon Philadelphia, to occu
py Baltimore and then proceed to Waahing
ton and dictate term* of peace from the Capi
tal of the Nation. Under their ablest and moot
victorious and mint skillful general, they un
dertook this programme, and the result has
been that he ha* tied hack to the soil of Vir
ginia from which he started, with the loss of
30,000 of Ills t>est soldiers..
This is the appearance of this content so far
as «··■ look to th·· armies of the Confederacy:
but there is another criterion by which business
men attempt to determine upon the proliable
success or failure of any undertaking. There
are those, so say many men. who can (eel the
public pulse by running their lingers over the
stock list, and noting the price of gold ; there
are those whocan tell what the nation's strength
is when they measure its credits : and when
we try the com|>arative strength of th<· nation
with the strength of the rebellion,by the same
test by which men try any other business,
how does it stand ? What is the credit of the
Confederacy compared with tlie credit of the
nation? because It indicates their own confi
dence in the final success of the cause, and
not only their own anafldence, but 1t Is the
truest test of the confidence of the world. It
shows how other men regard it. It shows how
unprejudiced observers look at this question.
And the world measures the strength of a
government now. by its credit, when the Bar
ing- and Kothi'hilds have the saving of nations :
when diplomat· can no longer carry on a gov
ernment without the aid of financiers. I!:1*
stand- the issue with regard to them? In the
Confederacy, the issue* of the Confederate
government of paper with which it pays it*
soldiers, the currency with which it buys its
munitions of war and the food with which it
must fin d its armies and maintain its troops,
is reduced down to such a standard that one
dollar in gold will buy twelve to fourteen dol
lars of Confederate money. Nay more : I saw
to-day. that a clerk In a store in Mobile wa« tak
en from there and carried north as far as Rich
mond, ami sent outside of the lines of the
Confederacy, because he sold to a soldier who
had returned from Vlcksburc η ιί»ι for ITn.
ton money. This soldier had met at Vick—
burg a l'nion soldier.—for our soldier* did
come in contact with the rebel soldier* at that
place—and ha|>|>ciied to pnt into his pocket
that anknown thine to ihem before. « green
hack : and this clerk had ottered to sell him
an article of apparel for two and a half dollar
in [greenbacks or $25 in Confederate money,—
ana well he might : for I happen to know a
gentleman of New Orleans who ha« got a flour
barrel Aill of this Confederate money, and I
think he is very sur»· of leaving a paper for
tune to his children. This single fact shows
precisely, not only to us here in New England,
but to the rest of the world—when the credit
of this Confederacy is weighed and compared
with the credit of this Nation—it shows that !
even there, within the lines of this rebellion,
they do not estimate the cause of the rebellion
as compared with the cause of the Union, as j
having more than one chance in ten, lieing
relatively as 2 1-2 to 2S.
We, on the other hand, have a currency at I
present only at some 27 per cent, discount, in
stead of lieing depreciated some II) or 12 lmn
dred per cent. ; a currency daily and hourly i
ri-ing in value and "redit, while "theirs is daily
and hourly depreciating : a country great,
rich, prosperous ; nay, growing richer and more
prosperous even now while we are carrying
on this war, instead of being impoverished.
We can not only maintain our armies but feed
the starving poor of other lands. We, with a
population so great, with a country so teeming
with life and population that we scarcely miss
those who have gone out from among us and
have fallen in the strife of battle, we with these
gigantic means of men and material resources
stand against a country which had but two
source* of material wealth, both of which are
valueless now ; I say, can we under these clr- j
cumstanees, hesitate Or doubt one moment as
to what Is to be, what will be. and shall I*·, the
final result of this contest ? (<Jreat applause.)
No, fellow citizeus, the fate of this rebellion,
the fate of the armed supporters of this rebell
ion Is sealed, and you may read the handwrit
ing on the wall. You may see It In that pltl
ΙΙιΓ wail that has gone np tVooi Jeflfertou Da
ns to call back his deserting soldiers to the
standard they have abandoned. You may see
H In this flirt; pttlftil, imploring, and d«
perate as that appeal is, you will find that it
will meet there with no response. As butt as
one of their armies has been defeated, so fast
it has been broken up and demoralized. Thin
was true at Vicksburg. Thin was true at
Port Hudson. The men who were parolled
seized every opportunity of deserting, of fly
ing from the ranks, and Towing they would
never return, that they were sick and tired of
the contest, and that they would not again
take up arms in so hopeless a strife. I have wit
nessed it in a thousand different ways. I have
seen, myself, and heard thein express their sen
timents : and you see it iu the tones of the
rebel press when thev say that those soldiers
which were parolled iu the army of Peinber
ton, have crossed into Texas, or gone down
the other way, into Alabama, and a rem
nant have gone into the camp of Johnson to
eat oat his supplies and then to wander away
from him, never again to fight a battle. From
these men, no matter what promises, no mat
ter what pathetic appeals Jefferson Davis may
make at Richmond, he will receive no response.
They have been hunted out from caves and
hiding places in the woods to fight the battles
of the rich against the poor, and they have
been kept in these armies by bayonet*. These
have have been taken away and they will take
good care that they do not get within their
reach again. They will give Jeff. Davis no
response to his pathetic appeal.
No! it U not from Southern soil that you
hear a response w hen he calls liack the rebel
troop*. You have got to leave the soil of the
Confederacy and come over here into loyal
and patriotic and honest Maine, And if you
put your ears close to the ground and listen,
you may hear coming down from the hills of
Oxford a slight rebel reverberation froin the
lips of Virgin Delphini Paris, saying, rail Imelr
your troop*! Chaunccy Burr and Virgil
Paris say, call t>ack your troops. Here, here,
on the soil of Maine, a man dares to ri·" up
and say, call back the incn that are fighting for
the Hi ζ and for the t'nion.
Call back whom, call Itack whom, fellow-citi
zens? Call back Roeecrans and his gallant
army 7 (cnes <H never, no.) I,eave liragg to
ονιτπιη 1<«\nU Kentucky, anil (five up to the
gibbet and the sword, to the halter, to torture
ami death. Ui(»» loyal men. who, in gallant
Kentucky have so long fought the battles of
the Union? Callback Grant, anil tell him to
bring back your men, for they have been light
ing in an unholy war; tear down that blood
stained lunncr that you have hoisted over
Vlckshurg. and say that this was an unholy
strife in which yo;i were engaged ; that all those
brave and gallant men who poured out their
blood and sacrificed their lives while there In
the trenches of Vickshurg, or planted upon
the Impregnable stronghold the (lag of the
Union, have labored ami bled and died iu vain?
(Never! no, never!) Go down to I„ouisiaua
and call back Banks (never!) and the gallant
little band that Butler took from the shores of
New England, and carried down and kept (or
months and month*, waiting for the time to
come when they could «ill up the Mississippi ;
waiting on a little sand -pit in the Gulf, so
desolate that when he banished implacable
rebels to the spot upon which he so long
kept his troops, all rebeldom broke out in on»·
universal wail because of the enormity of his
cruelty. Yes. call back Banks and give up
Louisiana again, now ready and waiting to
come luck into the Union : g'.ve her up again
to the rebellion, and let those loval men. who.
through Ore and sword, have maintained their
integrity to the Union : let them all be Mrri
flced. (Never!) Call back the troops and
leave tho-M' Union men of Texas, now waiting
in other Mutes to go hack and plant the banner
of the Union upon the soil of Texas, as well
as those, who, with their wives and their chil
dren, are in the wood» and in the cave, hunted
by dogs, and win η discovered, hung up to the
trees, butchered, tortured anil insulted; leave
them to suffer all the horrors of the Hrpor re
bellion ! take away from them the last hope,
anil let the savage beasts of the rebellion
seize uvon the dying, starving women and
children ? Call Iwk the troop» from Charles
ton! ( 1 should like to see tiwtt do It) ("ill
back the troops from Charleston, cull them
oac* ιπιιιι in·· city wnere mis renellion »a« in
augurated. where it h»il it·» birth place. when
there wan hut one Union man awl he ha* given
up the ghost. Call them hark : but when yon
do, fellow-citizens. remember this : that when
the Confederate State* inaugurated thl* rehel
lion, they did it upon the hypothesis. that there
wa* uo courage ami no manliness in the
North. They admitted that we had three |
times the men and three time* the mean*,
but they said we were a nation greedy of (fold,
that we were devoid of the *en*e at honor,
that we had no cour&g ·, no maniiri· **. ami
that rather than sacrifiée our comfort, or our \
mean*, or our live», we would readily give up ,
the contest. Call liack th·· troops and let thl*
vaunt of South Carolina tie true, and let u- ;
admit that all they said of us wax true ; and :
let nit hand dow n tu our children and our chil
dren'» rhildren the heritage of a coward'* j
name.and sleep ourselves In a coward's grave!
No! fellow-citizens; as I have laid before,
this rebellion can be crushed, it ttill be cru*h- j
ed. All that is necessary i* for you to say.
and say it with one united voice, with a spirit
of determination and self-sacrifice, to say tin·
word—it fhnll he crushed, and the work I*
done. (fllMt mImm)
But, fellow-citizen", the other i|Uestion which !
I come to is one no less important. Π I» one
which seems to roc pregnant with more diffi
culties than even the other. If the rebellion :
is crushed, if the armed rebels are subdued, or
taken captives, or driven from the soil, still
the work is not all accomplished: for after !
that is done, if we canuot bring hack this terri- j
tory into oU-dience to the constitution and
law* of the Culled States, and maintain the
integrity of this Union, and make the flag of
this Union wave over every inch of soil over
which it ever waved, throughout the length
and breadth of the land, although not all in
vain, still it would Is- partially so, and these
labors, all these sacrifice*, all this t'[fusion of
blood, all this sacrifice of life, will have l>een
without what should he and what I believe
will he their true and certain reward. How
then is that to lie accomplished? How an
these difficulties to be met? Fellow-citizens,
it i* not for me to obtrude an opinion upon ;
thl* question so pregnant with difficulties, so j
involved in doubt, and on- the agitation of
which, even now. In this hour of our succès,-, 1
seems to be spreading a gloom over our com- '
munlty ; and yet, through the difficulties which
now *eem to involve us. uuon this Question.
1 tmtiK 1 can «ee the dawn of a happier day.
This question is too apt to Ικ· treated as one
which i< to in- met hy negotiation between th<- !
United States and the so called authorities of ;
the Confederacy. If it is to be met In thi.·· j
way. the question i" a helpless one. If this
question is to be settled by negotiation I»·- j
twcen Abraham Lincoln ami JeA'rsen Davis. |
that negotiation can never etui in a Union. If !
between the Congress of the U ni ted States
and the Congress of the Confederacy, it can
never end in the re-construction of this Union.
With the leaders of the rebellion, fellow- j
citizens, the question of independence is a ;
vital one ; a question which they never will
abandon so long a.» they have the breath of
life in one of their rebellious I» wiles. We may
as well look at this question and meet it in this
aspect. There is no other way in which it
can be met and will lie met. So vital is this
question to them, so much do the leaders of
the rebellion hate the North, and hate the Un
ion, and hate a republican go\emment ;somuch
do they hate free institutions, so much are
they wededd to the dream of a Southern empire
with a lordly aristocracy, that rather than
•«acriflee the·»· dreams of Southern empire,
they will give up even the Institution of slav
er ν itself.
"This contest commenced with Mr. Calhoun
more than thirty year* ago. when he was at
the head of a conspiracy to effect a separation,
not then based upon the slavery question.—
That was not then the question upon which
these conspirator* selied to " lire the South
ern heart,'' the agitation of which was to end
in a monarchical or aristocratic form ol gov- 1
emment. They commenced upon the ques
tion of the tariff, the collection of the revenue.
They carried it ou, ami the rebellion would
then have culminated In revolution on an
Issue of the tariff, as it has now culmi
nated in reTolutiou upon the issue of slavery.
If It had uot been that we had then at the
helm of State Andrew Jackson, and he had
but one way of disposing of traitors ; and be
fore the compromise measures were passed
which suppressed that rising rebellion, as ha*
since Wn proved, he had already put hi« hand
to a warrant Tor the arrest of the leading reb
els who were then on the floor of the Senate
at Washington. Oh! for a Jackson in these
time* ! ( Applause.) Oh ! for a race of men that
would follow the precepts of Jacluon and pro
vide halter· for traitors instead of calling back
the troop* that went to subdue them. (Cheer·.)
Negotiation with them would be useieaa,—
It would be unworthy of us. They would
send delegate to treat with us upon no point
but the one of separation. They once sent
such delegates, and our government had a
sense of manliness and honor sufflcient to
.«piirn'the messenger which came from a rebel
to treat with bis government as an equal. Bat
if we would receive any such messenger·,
they would treat upon the basis not of re-ua
ion, but upon the liasis of separation ; and be
fore any such treaty as that is entered into, I
hope to see the last man in the North, the last
loyal man North and South, sacrifice every
dollar of Iiit property, every drop of his blood,
and the last breath of his life. You can't do
it ujKin the basis of peace conventions. We
have had a congregation of such, as we have
once seen, at Washington; such aa we have
once partaken of in Baltimore and CharVeatoo ;
and some of us know how harmonious ana
how productive of good results they were!
If we cannot treat with this so-called Coo
federucy itself, neither can we treat with the
organized government· of the individual re
bellious States, for they are actuated by the
same spirit, and like the Confederate govern
ment will impose upon us term· such af oar
inaiilKtod never will submit to. I do not ataan
to say by this that I would not be magnani
mous. that I would not be générons, that I
would not be more than generous, and clem
ent and magnanimous to a foe ; but 1 mean to
aiy that if the Individual owed allegiance he
should come up to an unconditional allegiance
before I manifested my clemency or my mag
nanimity. 1 know from experience that you
cannot treat with these (organized individual
States. Tou may go on, you may occupy one
of the»»· States of the rebellion, you may sel»
upon its commercial capital as we «elaed upon
the commercial capital of Louisiana. You
may seixe Baton Rouge and you will find ev
erything different from what has been the case
with every ancient nation. When a victorious
. i.— ■--· - -
——— vi.j, ··«*' vuusvituKu au"
thoritles haw been willing to yield a qualified
allegiance for the ρ rotation of Ile citizen».
But they spurn your efforts, despise your «»■
tnattaguid will hare noue ofyour negotiation·.
You shall tlnil vi fast as you labor to treat
with these men. they will flee away and escape
you. They hare boasted that my quondam
friend and predecessor. Got. Moore, kept juat
sixty miles ahead of (Jen. Bank*' s nay. I have
traveled from the southeast to : northweat
part of taoisiana in search of Ο ripatetic
government, to try to get it to negotiate a treaty
with us. I have never been able among the
fleetest horw* of the .South to flnd one fleet ,
enough to overtake a rebel State government,
when 1 have around and about aie a victorious
If we cannot treat with the States leagued
together lu rebellion ; if we cannot treat with
these State governments in their organised
rapacity, how «hall we win these men back
again? How assert again over them the su
premacy of the law. and maintain the Integrity
of the Union. The problem does not strike me
iu one so difllcult. It «eems to me to be very
«impie If we look Into the 111*tory and philoso
phy of this movement, and see how this re
bellion had its inception and progress, and thou
far it* sucres*. How was it? It waa in the
Unit place by so organizing State governments
that tile few should roost! ta te the dominant
party In the State, that they should lie able to
override the opinions and the will of the many,
and to control the ilestinies and control arid
regulate tlie legislation of the Slate. It was
in this way. by putting down a lair expression
of the peopli* and by substituting In it* place
the expression of the Interests, tlie pansions
and prejudices of the dominant class — the
wealthy planters in each State—that th#T were
able to orgnnijsr a rebellion and frame a nrw
jjiMrjiiin' ni. Il wa.* npcmifH· ΙΓΗ» niatf TOT
ernraents of the Smith represented the views
ami interests of the rla*s thi»t <tv dominant
In social life, dominant in the field of politic*
and dominant in the hslW of legislation. It
*·»< thus. singly. separately and individually
that the State·» went out of the Union, al
though the |>e<>p|e of many of the States were
loyal. It wax thus that, individually and sep
arately gone out, they formed collectively this
league or rofifrdemcy.
Now reverse this process, ignoring thfc>
league of the ffbrtttw States, Ignoring all
these State government», all leaders, all poli
tician's and go direetly to the people in these
States, and a» thwe States went out separately,
take separately the people of these State· ;
t ike the people of one State, begin with one
State, come to the people of that State, uflfer
them every opportunity, every inilmAnl to
become loyal, every inducement to repudiate
their allegiance to the rebellion and to renew
their allegiance to the Γηίοη. Take, tkMI,
these loyal citixens. lew or many. ft>r they con
stitute the State : traitor» art no part of tte
State ; the men who are trying to pull down
the government have no right to be consulted
in its construction, its modification or in the
mode in which it Ls carried on : and wherever
in a state or a city, you can llnd ten loyal men.
let thetn save the Sodom of rebellion. There
is no difficulty. 1 know from my experience In
Ixiuhiana. in finding material with which yon
can go to work and reorganise a State. Η
will lie done there. The State will return to
the I'nion. The State will return to the Un
ion by the act of the people ; not by compul
sion. but by the free, voluntary aet of it* own
Nay, more ; by the («lesslng of that Provi
dence which is bringing good out of evil, and
which ordained that the first gun that was
•li-o-h irged against the walla of Kort Sumter
should sound the death knell of the institution
which has been the cauee of the rebel*»,
(here the applause was loud and long contin
ued.) it will return to this Union, by the free
and voluntary act of Its own citlaens. and will
inaugurate, form and establish, as 1 believe, in
the State of Louisiana, a civil government
which shall provide immediately, or in the fu
Hire by a gradual process, for the destruction
of slavery and the substitution of the system
of free labor, (Beuewal of the applause.)
Now I suppose some ol you call this aboil
tlonisin. (Laughter and applause.) Let us
see whether It is. Ιλ< us trv that nueallnn
out Why wiii the tenu Abolitionism used a*
a U'rm of reproach ? Why was a man stig
matised an abolitionist ? Hecau.se. fellow
< itlzens. he vu undertaking to interfere with
the free exercise of the right·· of loyal cltUeas
Hi' other .State» in establishing ami regulating
their own institution». We used to say that
til·' men in the Southern Stale* had a right to
establish therein their own institutions ; that
they were guaranteed that right by the con
stitution ; and we said that our fellow citizen»
who, against the guarantees of the cons tile
kiiMi. desired to Interfere with these right»,
were meddling with that which was none of
their business. Suppose those loyal people
[want to regulate these institutions for them
selves, hare you any objection? because it
«trlkes me, if you hare, yon are occupying
precisely the ground of the old-lhshion abo
litionists. (laughter and applause. I
Now whatever 1 may think of the forfeiture
these men have made, by their own repudia
tion of the Constitution, of anv right· and
guarantees they had under it : whatever I may
ihiuk of this as a political question, as a prac
lieal i|tiestion there is no difficulty in anewer
mg It. This Is a question which the rebellion
has settled : that i/ou cannot negotiate lko$e
men boric fafo elarery wAo have oace worn
[Ae uai/orw o/the U. S. [Immense applause.]
Tiiis power is set out of the reach ef poUU
•ians In the rebels themselves. Still I hare
no hesitation In saying here and anywhere,
that if. In the settlement of this controversy,
the loyal men In determining Kir themselves
the conditions upon which they wilt come bark
nto the I'nlon, should come back tt|>on ««eh
■oiiditlon» and with such a Constitution that
Le could see that that which has been such a
fruitful cause of disunion In the past, which Is
the cause of disunion now, should be a ques
tion settled by them—by their own art—«ad
they shoeld not leave thisqaarrel as
to our children and our children'· children fe
rn other civil war—for another war of carnage
ind éeath—I should hoM up both my hands
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