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The Portland daily press. [volume] (Portland, Me.) 1862-1921, May 19, 1882, Image 2

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We do not read anonymous letters and commun
eations. The name and address of the writ aro in
all cases indispensable, not necessarily for nblica*
tion but as a guaranty of good faith.
We cannot undertake to return or preserve com
munications that are not used.
Every regular attach^ of the Press is furnished
With a Card certificate signed by Stanley Pullen,
Elitor, All railway, steamboat and hotel managers
will confer a favor upon us by demanding credentials
Of every person claiming to represent our journal.
A RepuMcaTstale Convention
Tuesday, June 13th, 1882,
ff^gHMAt, II o’clock A. M.,
For the purpose of nominating a candidate for Gov
ernor, and four candidates for Representatives in
Congress, to be supported at the September Elec
tion: and to transact any other business that may
pro. erly come before it.
The basis «*f Representation will be as follows:
each city, town and plantation will be on itled to
one delegate, and for each seventy-five votes cast
for the Republican Candidate for Governor iu 1880
an additional delegate, and for a fraction of forty
votes, In excess of seventy-five votes, an additional
The State Committee will be inrsession in the Re
ception room of the Ci y If 11, at nine o’clock on
the morning of the c<invention, tor the purpose of
receiving the e edent'als of delegates
All citizens of Maine, what* ver may heretofore
have been their party affiliations, who believe in
the purity of the ballot and honesty in its count; in
popular government unobstructed by Execuiive
usurpations; in *n independent a d honest judi
ciary, w-oso Judges shall not be exposed to the as
saults of partisan hatred and revenge; in a rate and
sound currency tor the people; in a reasonable en
courage . eut and development of our industries,
and protection of our Laborers ag inst the e eap
labor of E rope, by wise au t judicious laws; in efli
ci* nt measures for th«* e courage aunt of American
shipping and ship building; in popular education;
in temperance; in an e *onomica>, just and efficient
administration of public affairs, are cordially in
vited to unite with the Republicans of the State in
*ele. ting delegate- to this Convent on.
p*-r Order Republican State Com** ittee.
WM P. r* RYE, Chairman.
FRED N. DOW. Secretary.
Stay East Young Man.
The human creature in all ages and places
has shown a natural propensity for trying
to better himself by migration westward,
from the days when the Aryan hordes pour
ed from Asia over Europe to these latter
times when Europe sends its superfluous
population to America and the restless youth
of America’s Atlantic coast seek fortune by
journeying towaidthe Pacific. The imagin
ation leads men to flee from the commou
placc in which they find themselves to the
ideal of which they dream in the distance.
This tendency has been of good service to
the race by carrying the older civilizations to
new fields and diffusing the benefits of hu
man study and invention. But while it is
for the general good of mankind, the pio
neers usually become martyrs to the tenden
cy. The first generation of emigrants to new
lauds must encounter dangers and undergo
hardships greater than they would have suf
fered by remaining at home. It is only the
second or third generation which reaps the
advantage of the change.
As it was in the past so it is now. Stimu
lated by Horace Greeley’s cry “Go West
Young Man” and its numerous echoes in
all quarters, there has been a steady exodus
of the thrifty and industrious New England
ers toward the setting sun, until the rich
lands of the middle west have been made to
produce food for all the earth and a great
empire has been founded on the prairies
where the children and grandchildren of the
pioneers are living prosperously. All this
is well, but it cau easily be carried too far.
When men go by the fertile prairies already
pietty fully populated and reach the dreary
plains beyond extending to the Rocky Moun
tains, they make a mistake and would much
better stay at home and make the best of
conditions which may seem to them hard un
til they have gone farther and fared worse.
The region on the eastern side of the
Rocky Mountains, embracing the western
edges of Kansas and Nebraska and tlia (treat- |
er part of the State of Colorado and the Ter
ritory of New Mexico, has been the subject of
great lauda' l u by correspondents and pam
phleteers, most of them in the interest of rail
road or mining companies, and the glamour
of poesy aud wild adventure has been added,
so that it seems to many young persons as
a veritable fairy lai d where the air is always
delicious and invigorating and fortunes are
to be had with certainty for the seeking.
These plains, too, lie very high above the
sea—about the elevation of Mt. Washington
—so that the air is dry and thiu aud is good
for those invalids whose breathing apparatus
is too dyspeptic to digest the rich moist air
of the coast. Under these influences there
has been, from England aud the eastern
States to these regions and particularly to
Colorado, an enormous pilgrimage of the
flower of our youth seeking fortune, and of
invalids seeking health. The result has been
unfortunate and those parts are over crowd
ed with voung men who would do better else
It is impossible within the limits of an art
icle like this to give in detail the reasons
why Colorado and similar regions are not de
sirable places for our young men to seek, but
any tourist may see with the most casual ob
servation some obvious and conspicuous rea
sons. In the first place these alkali plains are
about as disagreeable a space of earth’s < ur
face as can well be conceived, swept by dry,
acrid, dust laden winds, and producing for
the most part only unwholesome growths,
such as soapweed, prickly pears, sage brush,
coyotes, rattlesnakes, Indians, desperadoes
and cow-boys. The temperature runs to ex
tremes within short spaces of time—in one
observed instance ranging rrom 30 degrees
above at 7 a. m. to 80 degrees above at noon,
a difference of fifty degrees within five hours.
How the impression was ever created that
the climate is agreeable, it is difficult to see’
but probahly it comes from the enthusiastic
praisss of asthmatic sufferers who find relief
in the tbiu, dry air, and in their joy ignore
the unpleasant features of the place. Furth
ermore there is an amount of brain and mus
cle already in the country entirely dispropor
tionate to its needs. One may see there
more young men seeking employment, desti
tute and hopeless, than anywhere else in the
world. Everywhere are bright, educated
young men of good family connection at
home, seeking for any work which will give
them bread. A chance to dig in a mine for
two dollars per day is welcomed as a
piece of good luck by men who could do
better in the east but are too proud
come back to the home3 which they left
witn ],igh hopes, especially as the
most of Un-- „oui(in>t get home unless
money were sent to tQ for trang.
Donation. A very badteW,.. --
strong drink. If a man is *‘out°of
and can t get a job” he drinks whiskev t.
, ,„Care’ andif be bei“ luck a
lih! MJOb^he“treatS”his S°od fort-e
liberally. The whole tendency of oneVr_
roundings is to induce a reckless and so
lute habit of life and conduct. Man- bo7
well bred and taught, with natur
tendencies, becomes a bar-tender, nbler,
desperado or cow-boy from the fc~ of his
What is there to compensate It ah these
disadvantages? The two Indus33 of tl‘
region are mining and cae raising
The former as everybody knovls a 3P33ies
of lottery in which are my thousand
blanks for each prize, and th<atter is not a
successful business as farno'1 as ColoiadO'
The occasional violent sto113 prove very
estructive to cattle and s*ep and already
some of the most intellipnt of the cattle
men are abandoning ae vain struggle
against unpropitious nturc and are mov
ing their flocks and hrds to Texas. An
other method of gain, 'hick perhaps ought
to be catalogued arnotg the industries of the
region, is the drawirg of money from the
east to assist the sehunes of the adventurers;
hut this is not so pmsperous a system as it
formerly was. Agriculture is simply im
possible without costly irrigation and the i
Wheat and corn necessary to sustain life are J
brought from the east. In the trades and
professions there is more competition than
in eastern towns and the same is true of
commerce. So that, although there are a
few fine towns like Denver, there are slight
temptations to seek fortune or even a liveli
hood in them. The people whose fate con
strains them to abide there realize the situa
tion and, as a rule, are living on the hope of
coming east again to live. However much
tliey may boast about the country, one finds,
if be can get at their iuner feeling, that they
want to “go home.” It is emphatically the
land of the homesick.
These considerations are necessarily
briefly and hastily presented but they are the
results of actual observation and we believe
them to be just. If they will prevent any
young man from seeking the chimera of for
tune on the plains their purpose will be ac
complished. Health, wealth and happiness
are much easier of attainment here than
there; for here honest and persistent effort
is sure of reward, while there hardship and
privation are certain and the rewards of
them are worse than uncertain.
Ovee 17,000 immigrants landed in New
York last week. The total for the first fif
teen days of the present mouth is 42,215,
against 32,420 for the same period last year.
The total number landed at New York since
January i, is 180,591. In the corresponding
time last year 137,718 were landed, and it is
expected that 60,000 more passengers will be
landed at that port by the first of June. An
Allan steamer, the Circassian, arrived at
Montreal on Tuesday with 1200 passengers,
and several more fromEnglaud and Scotland
are about due at the same port. An influx
of 7000 immigrants is looked for by this fleet
and ti e Grand Trunk is arranging to con
very nearly all of them West.
Mermaids and Mermen.
Some or the Singular Yarns Found in
History—Impossible Animals Whose
Existence Has Been Sworn to by Intelli
gent Persons—Ducks Grown on Trees
and Hairs Changing to Worms—A South
American Monster.
In casting a retrospective glance at the ad
vance of science during comparatively recent
times it is interesting to note to vrbat extent
the imagination has been used by would-be
discoverers and explorers. This is especially
noliceable in the department of natural histo
ry. The most extraordinary tales and descrip
tions have crept into history and volumes of
good repute, fostered by the names of writers
of supposed veracity, who undoubtedly believed
in the creations born of their imaginations.
In a natural history ol water animals, written
in Latin by Peter Belloni, published in Paris,
France, 11 years after the discovery of Ameri
ca, the illustrations possess all the refreshing
abandon of a later time when Denis de Mont
f jrt said: .“If my Kraken is believed in I will
invent one that shall stretch across the Strait
of Gibraltar:” Seals of wondrous make-up
are seen walking upon the water side by 6ide
with impossible rhinoceroses. A horse with a
fish’s tail is portrayed as Equus neptuni. The
hyena and a water rat are classed with the
fishes, while the sea-serpent (Draco marinus)
exceeds the wildest dream of the American
sea-side landlord of to-day. Crabs have almost
human faces; shells are shown whirling the
wrong way—and all this is for the delectation
of the Parisians of the sixteenth century. In
an old-fashioned history it is narrated that on
the 18th of March, 592. an officer stationed at
the delta of the Nile, in lower Egypt, while
walking with some friends, came upon astrange
sea-man and sea-woman. They swam along
the shore and, the “learned soldier” says “the
man bad a fierce air and a terrible aspect. His
hair was red and somewhat bushy and his skin
was a brownish color. The woman’s face was
sweet and mild, her hair was black, and floated
on her shoulders, her body white, and her
breasts quite prominent.” These two mon
sters remained over two hours in sight of the
officer, and so much attention was taken of it,
that Maurice, who then reigned, came to see the
strange beings.
Again, in a work entitled “Aganb el Mal
klowkat,” by Caforuia, a celebrated writer, the
following statement is made:
“In 891 a fish was caught in the Caspian Sea
and opened in the presence of Prince Salem,
and within the fish was found a sea-girl. * * *
scarn^'mat?e of a's^Fn If
which came down to her knees. She some
times held her hands to her face, and at others
over her hair. She drew heavy sighs, and only
lived a few moment s.”
Central Europe, it seems, was not exempt,
as in the "History of the Netherlands,” of
1430, we find the following remarkable yarn:
“After a great inundation some women 01
the town of Edano, situated on the Sea of Zea
land, at the extremity of the little river Lye,
going in their boat from their town to Pomme
rame, where their cows were feeding, found on
their way a 86a*girl, half-buried io the sand.
They washed her and took her Elano, where
they clothed her.”
The history adds that they taught this girl to
spin and to make the sign of the cross, but they
could never teach her to pronounce a word, al
ihougn they took her to Haarlem, where some
literati attemnted to make her speak. On the
31st of May, 1671, the following account was
drawn up by P. Luce, Captain-Commander of
the quarters of the Diamaut, in Martinico, in
the presence of the notary of the quarters, Pe
ter de Beville, and four other witnesses.
"In returning from the Islands of the Dia
mant we saw near the shore a sea-monster of
human form from the middle upward, aud ter
■iiniuating below like a fish. His tail was large
and split. His head was the size of an ordina
ry man’s, with straight hair, black aud inter
mixed with gray. His face was large and full.
His arms aud hands were like ours, and he
seemed to wipe his face with them as he rose.
His skin was moderately white aud his length
seemed about five feet. His air w->e fierce, and
lie looked at us all with great attention.
When we saw him first he was not above seven
paces off, but he dived and reappeared so close
that one of the men presented his fish line, up
on which he disappeared.”
Such were some of the strange stories of sim
ple folks, who evidently believed all they
swore to. In a comparatively late history of
Portugal we find the following statement:
“un the Indian coast 25 men and women
were captured and sent to Don Emanuel, but
only two survived the voyage, a woman aud
tier daughter. They were very melancholy,
would eat but little, aud were slowly dying,
when the King, touched by their condition, or
dered them to be chained and put in shallow
water. On seeing the water they rushed to it
eagerly, and having plunged themselves,
showed by a thousand tricks their joy and sat
isfaction. They remained three hours under
water. In this manner they were kept alive
ihree years, bat never learned to utter a word.”
Oliver Morin, Captain of the vessel Mary de
Grace, leaves us the following as fact. He
• On Thursday, the 8th of August, 1720, we
were lying in 28 fathoms of water off the New
foundland Banks, when, at 10 o’clock, a sea'
in an appeared under our figurehead, J. to
ilie gaff to draw him aboard, but was afraid
would draw me over. For this reason Ii
gave him a blow on the back. When tben
ster felt the blow ho turned his face to t’the
er like a man in wrath. He swam ar' laid
ship, and when he was leaving herwhich
bold of the rudder with both batch sides
obliged the crew o fix its handle tr. Then
of the ship, lest he should endanging like a
he repassed by the starboard, swie stopped
man, and when he was at the fcs that of a
to look at the figurehead, whic long cousid
beautiful woman. After braised himself
ered it, he laid hold of a ropto seize it. He
up, with the seeming intemrd of the ship
afterward swam to the wkssiug behind her
about a cable’s length, aer. The Captain
again, laid hold of the struck at him, but
then ordered a harpoo- which he turned his
only struck bis back.*® he had before.”
face up to the capt»»sted until noon, the
This entertaimrj*1 tlm0 been near the
monster having1feet away, so that the
xroanol an/ ' men, bad the pleasure
*T°*>df remarking the following
2?f!cularf.UIeo! his 8kin was hrown and
tanned hi out scales; that all the motions
of hi8 hnri head to foot were like those
of a j? that his eyes were well propor
tioned- flir'8 mouth was small, considering
I ‘he lenirtyl 11 “ nouy, wmcn was supposed to
| he at),,?’ fe6fc- His tongue was thick, his
/ teeth xSe and white; in a word, he was simi
lar to man- except that his hands were joined
wit pa pellicle, such as that found in the feet
of picks and geese, Within a week the writer
;is»ned to a discussion between two persons
fOn the different methods of producing worms
rom horsehair, both parties evidently being
.in« on other points. Even Shakespeare tells
as that
'■Much is breeding,
Which like the courser’s hair, hath yet but life
And not a serpent’s poison.’’
The tears of the crocodile are facts to many
at the present day, who, perhans, relied upon
Sir John Mandeville, a great traveller and ob
server, and one of the earliest writers of Eng
lish prose. In his “Voiage,” published in 1356,
he says: “Contra and be all yonde, ben great
I plenty of crokodilles, that is, a manner of a
I long serpent as I have seyed before.” He fur
ther remarks that "these serpents slew men”
and devoured them, weeping, and he tells us,
too, that “whan thei eaten theimeven [move]
the over jowe, [upper jaw] and nougnt the
nether flower] ,iowe, and thei have no tonge
[tongue].” Sir John thus states two popular
beliefs of his time and of days prior to his age,
namely, that crocodiles moved their uppor
laws, and that a tongue was absent in these au
rnals. One of the most carious and exteudsd
leliefs ,of olden times was that ducks came
from barnacles and dropped from trees. Be
tveeu 1154 and 1189 Siraldus Cainbreusis, in a
work entitled “Topographia Hiberniae,” writ
toi in Batin, remarks concerning “many
bkds which are called Bernacoe.’’
“Against nature, nature produces them in a
mcst extraordinary way. They are like marsh
geese, but somewhat smaller. They are pro
duced from fir timber tossed alorg the sea, and
are at first like gum. Afterward they hang
down by their beaks, as if from a sea-weed at
tached to the timber, surrounded by shells, in
order to grow more freely. Having thus, in
process of time, been clothed with a strong coat
of feathers, they either fall into the water or
fly freely away into the air. They derive their
food and growth from the sap of the wood or
the sea by a secret and most wonderful process
of alimentation. I have frequently, with my
own eyes, seen more than a thousand of these
small bodies of birds, hanging down on the se_a
Bhore from one piece of timber, inclosed in
shells and already formed.”
He further informs his readers that “Bish
ops and clergymen in some parts of Ireland do
not scruple to dine off these birds at the time
of fasting, because they are not flesh, nor born
of flesh.” In 1527 “The History and Chronicles
of Scotland” were written in Latin, by Hector
Boeoe, Chaunon of Aberdeen, and in it he ex
presses the opinion that the worm Teredo pro
duced a bird. Fifty years later, Gerard, of
London, reasserted this discovory, and even
showed by a rude wood-cut the birds dropping
from the shells of the barnacle, asserting that
be had seen the operation. In the “Philosophi
cal Transactions” of 1677 will be found a simi
lar account from the pen of no loss a personage
than Sir Robert Moray. Sir John Mandeville,
already mentioned, was equally fortunate in
observing trees that bore living animals. In
his notes of travel he describes the “Lamb
Tree” of Cathay, and says, in a chapter which
treats “Of the Countries and Vies that ben be
yonde the Land of Cathay: and of the Frutes
there,” &c., relates that in Cathay “there
growethe a manner of fruyt as thougho it were
Gourdes; and whan thei ben rype, men kutteu
[eut) hem a to [them iu two,] and men fyndeu
wilhinue a lyttylle Best [heast] in Flesche in
Bon and Blode [bone and blood] as though it
were a lytylle Lornb [lamb) with outeu wolle
[without wool.] And men eaten both the Frut
aud the Best; and that,” says Sir John, “is a
great inarveylle. Of that fruyt,” he continues,
“I have eten, alle thoughe ic were wondir
Few names are better known throughout
this country and Europe than that of Prof.
Max Muller, oue of the leading scientific work
ers of the lime During a residence in South
America he has collected the following facts
cottceruing the appearance of a most remarka
ble subterranean animal, and. perhaps, what is
equally remarkable, appearing himself to be
lieve iu it. The name of this strauge creature
is the minhocao. About eight years ago oue
appeared, according to Prof Muller, in the
neighborhood of Lages. Francisco de Amaral
Varella, when about 10 kilometers distant
from that town, saw lying ou the bank of the
Rio dos Caveiras a strange auimal of gigantic
size nearly one meter iu thickness, uot very
loug, and with a snout like a pig, but whether
it had legs or uot he could not tell. He did
not dare to seize it alone, and while calling his
neighbors to his assistance it vanished, not
without leaving palpable marks behind it in
the shape of a trench as it disappeared under
the earth. A week later a similar trench, per
haps constructed by the same animal, was
seen on the opposite side of the Lages, about
six kilometres distant from the former, and
the traces were followed, which ultimately led
under the roots of a large pine tree, and were
lost in the marshy laud. Herr F. Kelling,
from whom this information was ootained, was
at iliat time living as a merchant in Lages,
and saw himself the trenches made by the
minhocao. Herr E Oderbrecht, while survey
ing a liue of road from Itajahy into the high
lands of the Province of Santa Oaterina, sever
al years ago, crossed a broad, marshy plain
traversed by an arm of the river Marombas.
His progress here was much impeded by devi
ous winding trenches which followed the course
of the stream and occasionally lost themselves
iu it. At the time Herr Oderbrecht could not
understand the origin of these peculiar trenches
but is now inclined to believe that they were the
work of the minhocao. About 14 years ago, in
the mouth of January, Antonio Jose Branco,
having been absent eight days with his whole
family, from his house, which was situated ou
oue of the tributaries of the Rio dos Cachorros,
10 kilometres from Curitibanos, on returning
home from the road undermined, heaps of earth
beiug thrown up and large trenches made.
These trenches commenced at the source of a
brook, and followed its windings, terminating
ultimately m a morass, after a course of from
700 to 1000 metres. The breadth of the trench
es was said to be about three metres. Since
that period the brook has flowed in
the trench made by the minhocao.
The path of ihe animal lay generally beneath
the surface of the earth under the bed of the
stream; several piue trees had been rooted up
by its passage. Oue of the trees, from which
the minhocao in passing had torn off the bark
and part of the wood, was said to be still stand
ing and visible last year,. Hundreds of people
from Curitibanos and other places had come to
see the devastation caused by this minhocoa,
and supposed the animal to be still living in the
marshy pool, the waters of which appeared at
certain times to be suddenly and strangely
troubled. Indeed, on still nights a rumbling
sound like distant thunder, and a slight move
ment of the earth was sensible in the neighbor
ing dwellings. This story was told to Prof.
Muller by two witnesses—Jose, son of old Bran
co, and a" step-son who formerly lived in the
same bouse. Prof. Muller remarks that the
appearance of the minhocao is always supposed
to presage a period of rainy weather.
It appears conclusive that in t he high dis
trict, where the Uruguay and Parana have
their sources, excavations and long trenches
orsome living''ktitiflai. “GfkfisHttyritK‘bOTOl'
ways, they appear after continued rainy weath
er, and seem to start from marshes or river
beds, and to enter them agaiD. The accounts
as to the size and appearance oi iuo
are very uncertain. In any case, concludes
Herr Miiller, it would be worth while to make
further investigations about the minhocao, and
if possible, to capture it for a zoological garden
For a number of jears nothing was heard of
the minhocao, but recently a white man and a
number of natives saw the monster near the
source of the Uruguay. They describe it as
leaving the bed of the stream, having cat a
tunnel eight or ten feet wide. As they
came upon it it was burrowing beneath
a large pino that was swayiug to ar.d fro pre
paratory to falling. In appearance i> resem
bled a gigantic worm or armadillo-lil: inimal
covered with scales and having s ivolhiDg
that appeared like horns—probsb’. ears
upon its head; its length, as near as they
could estimate, was 40 or 50 feet. 4..o ditch
it had dug was filled with water lrom the
stream, and as they fired, the nxon3tc>r, proba
bly feeling the shot that rattled on its horny
scales, raised its body by a spasmodic effort,
hurling the tree to the gronnd, tear g the roots
from the soil, and making its eic.pe inth*'
muddy water, leaving then* in Ic r and^
toDishmeot at the size and power o.' he Bfra^a
animal. There is no doubt that this - accrrg_
are given in good faith, and certai.,!y %ngg
citers believe in the existence of so mo 'a d6_
animal, perhaps a gigantic ann«:i| torma
scendant of some of the well-known ,1-ajjjujaja
that once wandered over the couuil a|j
that have outlived time and emj^ race o{
wonderful characteristics of a
monsters. __
Attacked the
All Wong,one ofourownp
bad the effrontery to be tajj^ ud„ b n0 ^
m. on Tuesday and w¥maginath0 disgustof
our freeborn hoodlum^ toUl yield Qf Hs sap_
the white man to fiftjza to be just 15 cents
posed Mongolian btaken in that night, too.
—every cent he krdly sufficient to pay for a
This amount wipe of the new kind of silver
day’s interest tig revolvers now used by all
plated, self cffootpads. This significant inci
our best kus one of the worst peculiarities of
dent illust people—we mean the Chinese—
this besc carry any decent sum of money
they Pth them,which is another reason why
around at once be reloased from those Orien
we a’pires. —[San Francisco Post,
. Intelligence in Birds.
rCnglieh jackdaws are not behind Japanese
.rows in at any rate one of the instances of in
elligeuce. Many years ago it was a frequent
amusement of ours to watch the encounters De
tween a tame jackdaw and the stable cat. The
cat’s dinner used to be put outside the stable
door, and warned by experience, she hastened
to dispose of as much as possible before the ar
rival of the jackdaw. He seldom went directly
to the meat iu the plate, but attacked the enemy
in the rear, settling himself with both feet on
her outstretched tail to steady it, and then ad
ministering pickax blows on it with his beak.
Of course it was impossible to stand this, and
with a forcible exclamation the cat used to
spring away, and Jack took possession of the
11HE many friends of DR. E. If. READ, the
. Celebrated Clairvoyant, will be pleased to learn
that he has returned to the City and taken rooms at
No. 4 Cnestnuf St., where he is prepared to treat all
kinds of Chronic Diseases. The Doctor has no equal
in hescribing and locating diseases without asking
any questions.
'Office hours, from 9 to 12 a. m. and from 2 to 9
p. m. may«d2w
8d&^ 1 y ajjlbd&wlm
The Largest and most varied Assortment off Fine, Medium and
Low Priced
To be found in the State.
Gentlemen’s Fine Wool Light Weight Oversacks, $8 to $25
Gentlemen’s Fine Wool Suits, ... $10 to $22
Gentlemen’s Fine Wool and Worsted Pantaloons, $$.50 to $7.50
470 Congress Street, Portland.
myl3 __C
Portland, Me. , Nov,25, ’81.
Messrs. Seth IF. Fowled Sons:
Gentlemen—Having received great beuelit from
CHERRY, I think It no more than justice to you, as
well as to others who may be suffering as I was,
that I should publicly acknowledge the fact. Five
years ago 1 contracted a severe cold, which settled
on my lungs, producing phthisic or slortness of
breath. I have lain awake night after night
coughing and gasping for breath, till I was com
pletely used up. I was in despair of my life and
given up by my frier,ds, when some one advised
me to try Wistar’s Balsam. I did so, and, after 1
using two bottles, was entirely relieved. Previous
to this I had tried everything that could be
suggested, without avail; but, thanks to your
valuable medicine, Wistar’s Balsam, I am no-v
enjoying good health, IT SAVED MY LIFE. I al
ways advise tho Balsam to be used for all lung
troubles. JAS. H. BRADLEY, 80 York St.
maylO cod&w2wnrm

Or the same Fo'i'v^la as a Liquid.
„__ „ ».nae reputaiiou tin ring the i
®*a ve<r** that places it at the head of i
Rfiraniutif* a. vr* for the cure of the diseases of
('omV8ed °f the active portions only of
harmless P,ant*. !<• exerts a healing influ
female system, and produces satisfac
®“S®A?rM * every form of Chronic Weakness to
ivhUit i^P iu<* Send for valuable pamphlet.
tUSm »*th stamp answered by lady proprietor.
Rnv nf ruggists, i» possible; if not, we will mail
^.receipt of price. $ l.<>0 per box; 6 boxes,
8r nr Cordial, $1.00 per bottle: G bottles, $5.00.
H. F. THAYEIi & CO., 13 Temple Place,
g^n, Mass.
A Vegetable and Cereal Brain
iiijim i ji and Nerve Food for the invalid,
,he a^e^’ sufferers f r* m Head
ache.Veriigo. Pa a ysis, Epilepsy,
H j steria, Convulsions, Sleepuess
ness and Nervous Prostration. An
invaluable and certain cure. A
pe rless nourishment for the
brain. Send for proofs of won
derful cures. Buy of jour drug
gist if possible; if Dot, we will
mail it on receipt of price. 60
cents per box; G boxes, $2.60.
Address H. P. TH&YER & CO., IS Temple Place,
Boston, Mass. mySMW&F&wlyurm
MiMani Aromatic
As a general beverage and necessary
corrective of water rendered impure by
vegetable decomposition or other causes,
as Limestone, Sulphite of Copper &c, the
Aromatic Schnapps lg superior to every
other alcoholic preparation. A public
saltr of over 80 years duration in every
lection of oar conntry of Udolpho Wolfe’s
Schnapps, its unsolicited endorsement by
the medical faculty and a sale unequaled
by any other alcoholic distillation hare
Insured for it the repntation of salubrity
claimed for it. For sale by all Druggists
and Grocers.
Udoiplio Wolfe's Sod I Co.,
juit ai.
j ;; “t r»; 1- *
i l s
fflmkj fob and (oakd ffi'dndel^
No. 37 Plum Street.
Notice k hereby gsiveiy. that
ll the subscriber has been duly appointed and
taken upon himself the trust of Administrator
de bonis non of the estate of
FRANK A. MORGAN, late of Gray,
in the County of Cumberland, deceased, and giveu
bonds as the law directs. All persons having de
mands upon the estate of sal 1 deceased, are requir
ed to exhibit the same; and all persons indebted to
said estate are called upon to make payment to
ELLERY H. STARBIKD, Adm’r de bonis non.
Gray, April 20th, 1882. my5dlaw3wF*
Opposite Falmouth Hotel.
Fine Portrait Work a Special tv
Especial Facilities for Life Size Crayons.
Lamsojt has not closed his photograph rooms during bis absence as has been reported, but has an e -
cient operator to take his place under the light ami who will make special effort to blease each and every
patron *nd to maintain the high standing which his work has ever held with the public, for his own repu
tation depends upon it.
Aim:—TO JPLJBASE. jlyieociu
Ladies’ Summer Gloves,
Precisely that number, and not one pair less, for sale by
See them in our Large Corner Window
which is full of them*
Who ever heard of Gloves being sold for 5 cts. a pair. To Pr<',vent /H'J
dangerous centralization of thei>e 5 cent gloves, we must limit the number sold to
anv^rne customer, to NINE HUNDRED AND NINTY-NINE PAIRS, always excepting
cases where parties briug us a sworn affidavit that there are more than that num
ber of persons in their immediate family.
246 Middle St., Portland, Me.
ihayl7 __;_
B* « B5® * H D X liawn Gram, Orchard Grn««,
■iflFiwffl m£k*4r © Garden, Flower, Bird Seed*, Ac.
Market Hall. Market Square, Portland, Me.
Eeb25 ’ Jtf
We shall offer a Special Sale of Black Spanish Laces
Ladies desiring Laces will find this lot very mnch
MA’Y7 18ttL,
Don’t forget our special sale of handsome
Spring Prints at 4 1-2 cents.
ray 18 dtf
3XTo"WO,x*Is., 3XT. J"o
^A_]VtZiI DODD, President.
Abstract of Animal Statement made to the Insurance
Commissioner of Maine.
Premiums. $4,000,302.46
Interest, - 1,812.920.87
Claims by Death, - - .... 2,317,101.36
Endowments and Vnnulties, - - * ... 399,130.88
Surrendered Policies,.- 484,879.10
Dividends to Policy-holders, - - - ■ 1,394,268.87
All other Expenditures, . 982,019 32
Total.$5,577,399 58
Assets Dec. 31st, 1881, Market Value,.$35,718,811.52
Liabilities, (Deserve at 4 per cent.) .... . $32,808,162.68
Surplus as regards Policy-holders, ....... $2.910,649.00
Number of Policies in force, 46,652, Insuring.$127,411,677.06
Every Policy issued by this Company contains the following conditions, and is absolutely Nen Forfeita
ble: In case of Lapse, after two or more Full Years, Premiums have been paid, the full Four Per Cent.
Reserve Value will be applied by the Company, at the option of the Assured, in either of two ways:
FI BIST- To the Extension of the full amount of the Insurance for such period as the full value will pay
for at the Company’s Published Rates: or, SECOND—On surrender of the Original Policy within Three
Months from date of Lapse, to the purchase of a Paid-up Policy. HjLCHTBA ITON: Policy No.
68,496 was issued Oct. 20 1871, for $5,000 on the Annual Life Plan, at age 37, annual Premium
$138.80. Ten Premiums were paid, which, less Dividends, amounted to $1,072.65. The Policy lapsed in
1881, and the Company applied the Reserve Value of $689.76 to the purchaso of Term Insurance for
$5,000, for the period of 10 years and 7 days; so that the 10 Premiums paid for over 20 years of Insurance,
the average yearly cost being $53.67, which is at the rate of but $10.71 per thousand. It was optional
with the Assured to take the Extended Insurance as above, or to surrender the original Policy for a Paid
up Life Policy of $1,390.
Losses paid immediately on completion and approv
al of proofs, without waiting the usual sixty or ninety
AUG. H. FORD, Special Agent,
apr3 _ _ eodtaugl
Chandeliers, Pendants, Brackets, &c., of
the latest style, airect from the fac
tories, cheap as the cheapest. Old Gas
fixtures rebronzed or gilded.
L S. I fli O W 1ST,
JVo. 28 Market Square, Portland.
maylO d2w
Chicago. Portland, Ale
t'onmii>inicn ITIcrcliaatx.
Grain, Seeds, Provisions,
157 1'ocnincrcinl Nt,. Portland, Itle.
CEICAGO OFFICE, - - 122 l.a Salle St
Futures bought and sold on Chicago Market on
Margins. Gorro-t ondenoe lntite mar3dtf
Cleansed or Dyed, Re
paired and Pressed,
(Between Cotton and Center St.)
ap28 dim
im F. If. KENISOJl
^as opened an office in
a Portland and can be found
v at
’ Xo. 276 Middle St.,
S' ver Edwards & Walker’s
| ardware store, from
'-lilny .« 10 -J Jd.
. ...
ON and after May 11th, the City Liqnor Agency
will be open from 8.30 a. m. to 1 p, m., and
from 2 p. m. to 0 p. m.
mayl0d2w ORIN RING, Agent.
Portland Municipal • - 6s
St. Lonis 6s
Cleveland • - * «s
Fort Wayne - -5 l’-s
St. Lonis County - - 6s
Northern Pacific R. R. • 6s
Southern “ “ * 6s
Maine Central - •
and other desirable securities, for sale by
32 Exchange Street.
maylO eodW
J. B. Brown & Sons.
We nre now paying for
Victoria Sovereigns.$ 4.85
Spanish Doubloons...Jg-BO
Mexican & So. Amr. Doubloons. .15.45
German Twenty Mark. 4.70
Canada Notes.""va
N. B. Si N. S. Notes.JJ9 ,
American Silver *A and Vli Dollars.i’ljVi
Canada Silver. .•"5
English Silver, per £. 4.75
Trade Dollars.
Mexican “ .*”
Prince Edward Island notes.
Letters of Creditissued and Bills drawn available
in any of the principal Cities ou the Continent of
Highest price paid for Sterling Bills on London.
Government Bonds and good Local Securities
bought and sold director on commission, at the most
favorable rates. marI7eodtf
Twenty-Third Annual Statement, January
For Premiums.. ..$2.179.6»<2.3B
TotaJ^0*4’.’• 1,194'“---8 3,374,13:1.33
Death Losses.$816,436.50
Matured Endow
ments . 575,030.41
Surrendered and
Lap* ed Policies... 110,908.26
Dividends to Policy
Holders... 768,610.80
Taxes, salaries, com
missions to agents,
medical fees, ad
vertising, postage,
expressage and all
To°ier.eXPe.B8e.8 ".: 2.991,483.90
Loans on bonds
& morlgage8. .$11,043,228.04
Premium notes.. 1,620,674.45
Real estate. 1,720,219.30
U. S. and other
bonds, (market
value). 2,486,491.66
Cash on hand and
in bank. 1,364,422.97
Accrued interest
and rent. 295,954.01
All other assets., 288,468.53
Reserve, actua
ries, 4 per ct... $15,553,068.09
All other liabili
ties.* 283,779.35
Total.. 15,836,847.35
Surplus Over 4 per cent.
fteaerre.TT.. 3,033,611.61
Financial Record from Organi
zation to January 1st, 1882.
Received for premiums.839,631,785.47
Paid for death
Paid for matured
endowments... 3,318,815,64
Paid for surrend
ered and lapsed __
policies.. 5,811,479.76
Paid for dividends 8,620,039.28
Add pres, assets. .18,859,458.96
Amount paid policy holders and
invested for them.
Received for premiums.39,0J1,7»5.47
Total premiums received deducted
interest gain over all expenses
of. . 6,506,567.73
^Premium receipts in 1881 were 300,000 more
than for 1880.
There was an increase of over $500,000 of assets
—3,319 policies and $9,536,657 insurance. The
new insurance amounted to $15,038,242.
Since 1876 the payments of the company to poli
cy holders have been $2,901,348 in excess of pre
In 1878 payments were $1,104,215 more than
premiums received—yet the assets and surplus, one
year excepted, have steadily increased.
The $3,318,815 matured endowments paid living
members have given insurance and paid an average
of 4Va per cent, compound interest on the money
invested. For insurance apply to
T» T. Merry
fob 17 eodtf
Mutual Insurance Co.
This Company will take risks at their office, New
York, on Vessels, Cargoes and Freights, and issue
open policies to merchants, making risks binding as
soon as water-borne.
Premiums on Marine Bisks from 1st
January 1881, to 31st December,
1881.*4,039,487 10
Premiums on Policies not marked oil
1st January, 1881. 1,687,534 47
Total Marine Premiums. $5,627,021 67
Six Per Cent Interest on Outstanding
Scrip Paid On and After Feb. 7, 1882.
Dividend to Policy Holders on
Premiums Terminiuinu in 1881
Losses Paid in Thirty Days
After Proof.
J. D. JONES, President,
CHARLES DENNIS. Vice President
W. H. H. MOORE, 2d Vice President,
A. A. RAVEN, 3d Vioe President,
J. H. Chapmam, Secretary.
Fob. 4,1882. fob4dlmteodllm&w(iw6
A full line of Band Instruments and Musio just
received at
I have just secured the services of
who will have charge of the above department.
Iiar-Sole Agent in Maine for the celebrated Isaac
Fiske Band Instruments. mylOeodlm
Friday Evening, May 19th,
Of Providence, R. I.
Chandler’s and Beeves’ Ameri
can Brass Band of Providence will
play alternately and in concert
from 8 to 9, making a musical en
tertainment never excelled in our
A<lmiH*iou 30 cents; Beserred Weals 73
«Yui.. 'ickets for sale at P. J. McCallum’s,
T. P. McGowan’s anil Stockbrldg's. myHdtd
FRANK CURTIS.Proprietor and Managar.
— AS —
In Sheridan's Comedy of tho
With the following Great Cast:
Prices. $1.00 .75, .50. Sale ol Seats, Monday,
May 20. maylOdtd
A SECOND-HAND engine of about 20 horse
power; also portable engine of same power;
also hoisting works. Must be in good condition and
low priced. Address, giving full particulars, RAN
SOM, ELDRIDGE & STRAINE, 31 Milk Street,
Boston, Mass. may18d3t
A MAN to drive a team and work in store. Ad‘
./V dress F., this office. mayl8d3t#
Can do better In the Went than In any
other Section ol the Country.
Rare Opportunities .’—Few as Good, None Better!
75 rapidly growing Towns (most productive re
gions of Minnesota, Dakota, and Iowa) along the
recently constructed lines of the Chicago A North
Western Railway, offer unequaled inducements
to rushing business men of limited capital. For
particulars address CHAS. E. Slit .If ON H,
Land Commissioner C. & N. W. R*y Co.,Chicago,
ay 2 4«12m
Farmer Wanted.
TO CARRY on a small farm. Wife must be a
good butter maker. Address A. £.. box 1983.
mar 18 dtf
To Let Furnished.
Large square front room, also tiro
.smaller rooms with board. No. 86 State
Street, Cor. Gray.
may 18 d3t
Chambers To Let.
AFTER the first of June, a rent of six rooms to
a family without children, at No. 4 Locust
Street. Gas and Sebago. mayl8dtf
To Let.
A GOOD rent at 87 O-vford St. Inquire at PAUL
PRINCE & SON’S foot of Wilmot St.
mayl7 d3t*
To Let.
NEAR Cape Elizabeth Depot, a small Cottage
House with 7 rooms in good repair, with small
hen house, plenty good water and a nice Urge gar
den. Rent, $8 per month. Call on CYRUS COiE,
near Cape Elizabeth Depot. maj 9d2w*
fid HARRIS St. in good repair, pleasant and sun
vrtJ ny, 9 finished rooms, fitted for one or two
families. Sebago on two Hats, also good stable in
rear, to let wiih house or separately. Inquire of
HENRY A. JONES, 203 State st. from 7 to 9 a. m.
and 6 to 8 p. m. mayl3dlw
PART of a house, said part containing eight
rooms, sunny and within a minute’s walk of
horse cars. Large fruit garden. Inquire at 108
BraokettSt. mayl3dlw
To Let.
THE second story of house No. 2 St. Lawrecce
Place, containing gas and sebago water. Rent
$9.00 per month. Enquire at 606 Congress St.
ap25 dtf
A Rare Opportunity.
TO buy a beautiful home very cheap. The House
and 1 rge lot No. 21 Myrtle Street will bb sold
for one half the cost to settle the vs tale. The
house contains twelve finished rooms, with modern
improvements, good Furnace in the cellar. The lot
is nearly fifty feet square, contains Pear Trres,
Qrape Vines, Strawberry Vines and Shrubbery.
For terms apply to JOHN C. PROCTOR, 93 Ex
change Street. myseodlm
For Sale.
STORE and House, twenty-five acres of land, or
chard, good well of water, a good place for
trade and a pleasant location. For particulars in
quire of or address W. H. WILSON, West Cumber
land. may2d3w*
. TH13
eddy frame.

Slate Shelves, Iron Ice Racks, Pure
Dry Air, Economical in Ice, Convenient
and Easy of Access, vrith a repntation of
So years standing.
41 Exchange Street.
may5 eod2mcs
Willi Isenulful Pottery
Sat.sumo, Kioto, &c.
Fitted complete with the
>Euglish Duplex, Oxford
and Harvard Burners. N,
»tr Sale Wholesale and Retail.
C. E. JOSE & CO.
oelQ dtl

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