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frlbution over tbe entire field. The problem
was becoming a crave one. The field had enlarged almost four fold within ten years, but had there been litlleornoadvancein the working force, or in the means at the dis posal of the Board. This tong stand still was due to various causes, amo g which may he mentioned ’he reaction from the special effort of 1830 and 1837; the impover ishment of many of the larger givers in the cities, who had suffered most deeply from financial reverses;the withdrawal of Presby terians in the S uthern States, and of some of the constituents of the B nrd at the JJorth, because of tire anti-slatery agitation; the division of the Presbyterian Church into two branches, iu l,s3\ amt the formal recog nition by the Old School body of another foreign missionary Board and lire increasing demands of borne missionary work, in view of foreign immigrants and tbe advance of population into new regions to tbe west ward. Amid so mauy distracting and un favorable influences it was much for the Board to have held its own. It was low tide for two years more, with little change in the situation, only a small increase in the number of missionaries, till the entire number amounted to 402, in cluding 103 ordained missionaries,— eight more than are now on the roils of the Board. By the most rigid economy, and an expen diture of only $207,000 in 1852, though $300 000, were urgently needed, the Board was reported out of debt, wiih $035 iu tbe treas ury)— iu part the result of special efforts inaugurated at the annual meeting of the Board in this city. V. 1850—00. During this decade ewo new missions ere instituted; one in Micronesia, to give scope to missionary effort ;in the Sandwich islands; and the other, the Arcot mission, to enlarge work among the Tamil-speaking people of India. This mission, however, with the Amoy mission in China, was trans ferred to the Board of the Reformed Church in 1857, when that body ceased to work through the American Board. The with drawal of sixteen missionaries and the trans fer of an average current expenditure of about $12,000 a year made but little difference in the field or in the expenses of the Board. Seven churches, with nearly three hundred membres were transferred. By the giving up of the Amoy mission the American Board lost its vantage-ground in China as compared with other missionary' societies. No mis-ion had greater promise, and none has been more fruitful or made more sub stantial progress, than this. The fact that last May seven churches in the Amoy mis sion* called pastors, with the pledge of their support, is one of the most encouraging signs attending missionary operations in the Chinese Empire. The mission to the Jews, which had bec-n begun iu 1832 by Mr. SchaulUer, since known as the “venerable Dr Sc hail flier,” was formally discontinued in 1856, and the missionaries transferred to the Armenian missions. Other societies were ready to prosecute labor among the Jews, and there seemed to he no probable lack of effort in tlieir behalf. Missions among the Choctaw aiul Cherokee Indians discontinued in 1859 and ill I860, partly in view of peculiar difficulties attending w*k among them, and partly, too, because those tribes had become so far Christianized and civilized as to be no longer proper ob jects of foreign missionary effort, in view of the cla ms cf other portions of thh unevan gelized world. For the same reason there was a withdrawal in part of expenditure in the Sandwich Islands, and a formal recog nition of the Hawaiian kingdom as a Chris tian nation. (1) Steady and persistent efforts in India and Ceylon were bringing in returns, but there was nothing of special" moment to record m tnose fields, save the action of the deputation in 1855, in recalling the attention of the missionaries to preaching in the native languages rather than education as the appointed means of saving men. In Africa, there was no small sacrifice of life and money, but as yet with no marked success. But in Western Asia a great advance had been made, and by the year 1860 the work had nearly reached its present limits. Eleven powerful revivals among the Nestorians had set the seal of divine blessing on the labors of Perkins, Stoddard, Miss Fisk, and others. LiVing churches of Christ had been gathered at Mosul and Diarbekir on the Tigris, at Sidou, Beirut, Abeih, and other places in the Syrian mission, and at various central points in Asia Minor, and work was beginning among the Bulgarians. The number of missionaries, men and women, was nineteen less in I860 than in 1850, but the loss had been made up by an increase in the number of native preachers and helpers. The average contributions to the treasury had increased by nearly $90,000. The Board had pushed its operations to the extreme limits of its means, and sometimes, following what seemed to be the manifest lead • ings of Providence, had gone beyond them. The increase in contributions did not keep pace with the growing work ; still less did the offers of service. It was becoming evident that more reliance must be placed on native agents and on the efforts of native Christians to sustain their own institutions. The towns and cities occupied in different parts of the world had doubled during the decade, (from 134 to 269) ; the number of places in charge of missionaries bad increased from 106 to 119, and those in charge of native pastors and preachers from 2S to 150. The lesson could not be mistaken. Its conclusions were em bodied in an Outline of Mission Policy from the pen of Mr. Treat, and formally adopted by the Prudential Committee in 1856, and reported to the Board. It was the result of the logic of events,—a study of missionary develpement under the leadings of divine Providence. The subsequent conduct of the missions of the Board has been based largely oa the principles set forth in this outline, though in dividual missionaries differ in the degree and thoroughness with which they observe them. It was not that the methods formerly fol lowed were wrong in the peculiar circum stances amid which missions had been begun, but, in the changed conditions of the work as the result of progress, of experience, and a wider observation, the time had come for a revision of methods. The few hundreds and thousands accessible at first had given place to the millions. Christianity had gained a prestige and influence that secured for it attention as never before. Indeed, the time was near when barriers to missionary opera tions in all parts of the globe were to be removed, and the due preparation must be made. The population accessible to the Board in 1860 was not less than ten millions, (2) or sixty thousand to each ordained mis sionary, and about twenty-six thousand to each man and woman in this country engaged in the foreign work. l He Halt century ot the Board closed hope fully. The debt of $66,000, reported in 1859, was removed in grateful recognition of the divine blessing, and just in time, before the strain and trial incident to the great civil war. The little group of eight who composed the first missionary company were represented by 1,257 men and women that had been distrib uted through twenty-six different missions in all portions of the globe. One hundred and sixty-two churches in which 55,000 members had been enrolled, an average of over 1,000 a year, attested the presence and blessing of the Holy Spirit. Thousands and tens of thousands of children had been gathered into schools. Fifty millions of pages, in over forty different languages, were annually issued from the press, including the Scriptures entire or in portions. There was good refs in for observing the jubilee of 1860. vi. 18C8-70. The decade from 1860 to 1870 was one of steady enlargement of existing missions, with but little other change. The number of towns and cities occupied increased from 269 in 1860 to 632 in 1870. As the number of missionaries had fallen off from 376 to 351, and of or dained missionaries from 160 to 113, the en largement of operations was due to the in crease of native agents. The income of the Board had been sustained with singular fidelity during the war. For five years out of the ten, a small surplus was reported in the treasury. The great embarrassment was the inability to secure new missionaries. For six years only twenty-three new laborers were sent forth, and the missionary start' was reduced in 1866 to 312, but rose again to 351. The number of missionaries reported in 1852 was not reached again for nearly thirty years. The field had been enlarging ass never before. China was so effectually opened by the war of 1860 and subsequent treaties that Dr.Blodget.of Peking, wrote in 1866, “I know of nothing to hinder young men from going two by two to towns, cities and villages throughout the whole country, preaching the gospel and dis tributing the Word of God to all the people." The day looked forward to by the patient Bridgman had come. His eyes had seen it, and the burden resting on his heart found ex pression in bis dying soliloquy, “Will the churches sustain the mission r" In keeping with the new opportunity, Mr. Treat in 1867 urged upon the churches the special obliga tion to evangelize the Chinese Empire. Al luding to the efforts put forth in our great war, just ended, he closed one of his most fin ished psragtaphs with the words, “Doing (bi .Uriel. GO COO; Western Asia, 1,200,000- Ma ruthafi.ld 13 0,000: M do.ra, 1,200,000 China BOO," in ; 8 Ad li h elands, luO.OOO; North \mer icau Indian., 7b,OvO. [9> Ssta quant ivei ta I ave shown that, though a relaiireiy a ger 1 r p rt on ot the population was enr l ed I- tUemem nrs lp of the churches than Is to be fount In tn-n-t Chris inn countries, sufficient time had rot elapsedin* t-eir discipline aud growth In morel hi d »,.clal Ch 1 lian character to be left to themselves, or without the watch and care of those whose character had been the product of Christian institutions which were the slow growth of ceil uries. (2) In Africa, GO,000; Western Asia,4 000 000 ■ in the Alaru'.ha mis.-ion, 4,000,000; in Madura’ 1,200.000; in Chha, GOO,000; in the Sandwich Islands, 100,000; among the North American *0,v/h0. great things for the heathen has ceased to be a question of power; henceforth it is simply a question of will.” In the meanwhile Japan w as opening. A special messenger to the churches of this coun try appeared in the person of Joseph Neesima, sent, not of men, nor by men, but manifestly of God. His earnest pleading during one of his college vacations, “Send missionaries to my country ! Send missionaries to my coun try ! rung in the ears of the Foreign Secreta ry, and in 1869 the Hoard formally appointed the son of u former Secretary to that interest ing field. The decade closed with enlarge ment lor China, and the preparation for the new work in Japan. The accessible population was at least threefold greater at the close of the decade than at its beginning; but there had been no enlargement of the missionary forces. Singu larly enough, for four years the number of men in the service remained at the same figure. We seemed to have reached the limit of mis sionary strength; but there had been enlarge ment in the direction of the native agency, and the range of Christian influence was steadily widening. Till. 1870-82. The year 1870 was a memorable one in the history of the Board in consequence of the withdrawal of the great body of the Now School Presbyterian portion of its constituency,. The outlook was , not hopeful. The year closed with a debt of over $22,000, and with a prospective loss of what proved to be from one fourth to one third of its pecuniary support, while still by far the greater number of its mission fields re mained on its hands The portion transferred included but a small fraction of the popula tion then accessible, but it covered iields of great popular interest, especially the Syria and the Nestorian missions, precious in the memories of past years, and in the lives and labors of some of the noblest and worthiest of missionaries. It was fitting that the meeting of the Board in 18/1 should be held at Salem, as one of the early centers of missionary effort and interest; as the place, too, from which the first mission aries set sail to the foreign field. It was with some little misgiving that the friends of the Board came together. They knew' that many who had shared with them in the discussions and privileges and Christian fellowships of the Annual Meetings would not be present, and there was some fear that the meeting would be comparatively thinly attended m consequence. But there wras an unexpected rally from all quarters, and the meeting of 1871 was the largest ever held up to that time, with the single exception of the Jubilee Meeting of 1860, at Boston. ihe manner in which the constituency of the Board thus rallied to its support was very cheering,—something magnificent. They guve all that was asked for the added burdens of the work, and reduced the legacy of debt by over $18,000. The next year the remain der ot the debt was cleared off, and over $10,000 reported in the treasury at the close of the year 1872. In these circumstances the work in Papal lands was entered on with vig or. I he missionary staff was increased from 123 ordained missionaries in 1871, to 152 in 1874, and thirty-six new places were occu pied by native preachers. But the next four years were years of trial; of encouragement abroad, but of discouragement at horned The limit of home effort seemed to have been reached again ; no increase in the receipts of the Board, despite the most urgent appeals from the missions, and the most faithful rep resentations ol the .Prudential Committee, set forth with all the clearness, force, and elo quence which characterized the productions of Secretary Treat. The field abroad was enlarging on every hand. Over 100 new cen ters of influence (from 493 to COS) had been occupied within the seven years; the number of pupils in high schools and seminaries had more than doubled (686 to 1,482), and sixty per cent, more members in the churches. Fifty per cent, more pupils were to be found in the common schools (13,583 to 23,631). The number of native pastors and preachers had been increased by over 10* (523 to 618), and hundreds more were needed in new places. This was the growth of seven years,—a growth that quite overran the ordinary annual re ceipts ; and so debt was reported year after year, relieved in part by the generous offer ings of friends at Chicago in 1875, and then again, as by special inspiration from the Head of the Church, at Providence, in 1877. But it would not stay relieved. The cry of the perishing sounded in our ears. The men at the front, who had given their lives to this work, were crippled in their efforts, almost despairing. The dark days of 1837 seemed to be coming back. One veteran, who had marched with Sherman to the sea. conmlained oi the waste ot men and effort and opportu nity, if, on going into action, he was to have but a single round of ammunition, when his old leader never thought of his going in with less than sixty'. Tnese cries and pleadings came to the Missionary House, and in the ef fort to meet them the' result was debt, and then retrenchment. There was no help for it. The new work in Papal lands was cut down to the lowest figure. Men and women in the older fields were left sfcort of means. Needed school buildings and even com fortable houses for missionaries must wait. Native agents, on whom years of labor had been spent, and on whom 'so much dependod to take up and carry forward the work begun, must be dismissed and left to go into secular pursuits. The sum of $100,000 a year more than the average receipts was required. But the triends who had again and again come to the rescue, were beginning to complain, and there was no alter native but to cut down appropriations and reduce the scale of expenditures, cost what it might; and it was done,—done, with what result need not be here repeated. But in the darkest hour the prayers of many were heard, and deliverance came through the Otis legacy. The cable conveyed the glad message, and there was new hope and joy and thanksgiving in every station round the globe. A more’ signal instance of divine interposition in behalf of Christian work is not recorded in the annals of the church. The Lord would relieve his people, and beckon them to grander enterprises. The first duty of the Prudential Committee—the relief of the in stant distress—had been attended to. The next was the supply' of long-deferred necessi ties, in order to put the different missions in the best possible working order; and lastly, some new enterprise to meet the popular ex pectation of enlargement, especially in the di rection of China and Africa. The practical impossibility of making the Christian public aware of the real distress which the Board had suffered, or of the demands of existing mis sions, became only the more obvious by calls to establish missions in Jamaica, Cuba, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Guatemala, New Zealand, Belgium, Franee, Portugal, and, more recently, in remote provinces «f China, and in Corea, not to speak of new outlay in the old fields. Yet no new work has been at tempted save on a limited scale in Africa, and according to a long-cherished plan, in the province to the west of that already occupied in North China. By such forbearance against the most urgent representations of some of their friends, the Committee feel that they have justly earned the right to be called “Prudential." The field now in charge of the Board is so large, and its demands are so great, that the utmost prudence and carefulness have been necessary to moderate undue expectations ut home as well as abroad, and not to spend a dollar except for the best missionary reasons. No increase of salerjes has been asked, or granted, save for the same reasons as would have been decisive four years ago, though mis sionaries then sometimes forebare to ask whit they really needed for tl eir health and the welfare of their families. Not a school bilua ing has been erected, or aid given towards one, or lor church building, except where the need seemed imperative. Indeed, if there has been any difference, greater scrutiny hag been had and greater care shown in the use of fund It has been the hope of the Committee that a wise and careful use of the great bequest would enable the Board to meet the deferred wants ot the missions, supply the current needs of heathful growth ft r a few years, while the churches, recognizing this singular interposition in their behalf, and the plan of the Committee to turn it to the best possible account, would so increase their contributions as to be ready to take up and carry forward the enlarged und constantly enlarging work. Thus far their hope has iiot been realized! The Committee feel, therefore, that it is due to themselves, due to the churches, due to the cause, and due to the leadings of divine Prov idence that a careful exhibit of the actual sit uation should be presented. In 1870, by tr.e great increase, especially in China, the population accessible mid looking to the American Board for the gospel could not be estimated at less than 30,000,000, (1) or over 200,000 souls to each ordained mis sionary. The withdrawal of the Presby terians diminished the entire iield by perhaps half a million, and thus added to the quma of each missionary remaining with the old Board. Iu 1870 was added the mission in Japan; and, two years later, missions in Papal lands ; and, more recently, new fields opening in Cen tral Africa and China, till the aggregate popu lation now dependent on this Board and ac cessible to its missionaries—as much so as the non-evangelical, non-church-goiug portion of the population of the United States—cannot be reckoned at less than 100,000,000 or be tween 000,000 and 700,000 for euch ordained missionary. (2.) Such is the immense field that is prac tically dependent, not on all the Christian denominations of this country, as is the great home missionary field, but on the con stituency of the American Board. It is a grand inheritance of Christian work, a sub lime trust from the Head of the Church. Different portions of the field have been occu pied in past years as the way opened, and according to opportunities, till, within the last twenty years, all barriers have gone down, and the whole field lies open, invit ing us to come in and take possession in the name of the Lord of Hosts. While the one supreme object of developing self-sustain ing, self-governing, and self-propagating churches of Christ is kept steadily in view, no uniform method can be followed in the matter of details. No two fields are alto gether alike, and the differences must be re • garded in carrying out the general plan. T e Indian tribes and the people of the .Sand wich Islands required a large and instant outlay of men and means, it they were to be saved from extinction. An ordained mis sionary to every three thousand souIb, and as many more lay teachers, were necessary to the object in view, and the results amply justify the expenditure. So Ceylon wa early occupied in force, and methods intro dueed there were admissible when only small population was accessible. At a late day a larger force was thrown into West ern Asiu to revive the faith of the Oriental churches, with the ultimate aim of reaching through them the Moslem population of the Turkish Empire, till the number of ordained missionaries amounted to one for every 100, 000 of the adherents to the nominal churches ; or, including the entire population, one mis sionary to every 400,000. There seems to be no occasion to change the plan of op erations thus begun in the Turkish Empire. It has been a success. New life has been in troduced ; thousands have been gathered into living churches of Christ; the Scriptures are in the bauds of the people, in languages that they can read und understand; schools of every grade, from colleges and seminaries and high schools down to common schools for both sexes, have been established, their support would now be largely left to the people were it not for the poverty and wretchedness consequent on an oppressive government. Important reforms of hardiv less value to the end in view have been in stituted m the old churches and already tens ol thousands of copies of the Scrip tures are ill the hands of the Moslems. The leaven of the gospel is doing its work, and there is no occasion to enlarge, but only to keep up for a time longer, the missionary orce now in the field, to aid and encourage the native churches in the completion of the work begun. Fassing to India, we find one missionary to 3.>0,000 in the Maratba mission, one to 166.000 in the Madura mission, and one to 40.000 in Ceylon. In the latter field, unex pectedly restricted by the coming in of other societies, the supply is ample, and the work is so far advanced that little more is necessary hereafter than to aid in the support of educa tional institutions fitted to supply an adequate native agency. The Madura mission presents the most satisfactory exampie, in a purely heathen field, of a work well in hand and fairly supplied with missionaries : twelve men to a field embracing about 8.000 square miles, with a population of 2,000,000. Though the mission in 18o0 begged for a large increase in working force, so as to have one ordained missionary to every titty tnousand souls, the number has remained practically unchanged, and by its steady growth and prosperous condition presents one of the most interesting studies in the whole field. lhe twelve missionaries have the immediate charge of 228 towns and villages, in which religious services are regularly held, assisted by 170 native pastors, preachers, and Bible readers, by 31 teachers, male and female, in 13 high schools and seminaries, and 186 teachers m the 160 common schools. The thirty-three churches have a membership of 2,591, and the schools of all grades have over four thousand pupils. Five devoted w omen from this country represent Woman g Boards. Medical work is well cared for by Dr. Chester and Mrs. Capron, in addition to other missionary labor. The press is not neglected, nor any or the agencies best fitted to evangelize the population. The steady and healthful growth of the work in this field, the advance of the natives in efforts to sustain their own churches and schools, and the respect and regal'd shown to missionaries by all classes, the growiug con viction that Christianity is to prevail, alf com mend the methods here used for imitation in oilier mission fields of like grade, as in India and China, On this basis, the number of ordained mis sionaries in the Maratha lield should be raised from 12 to 25; in the Foochow mission, from 4 to 36; in North China, from 15 to 75 ; in Shanse and the regions beyond, from 4 to 120 ; in Africa, from 13 to 65; in Japan, in view of the civilization and activity of the people, it might be enough to double the present number, or increase it from 14 to 28. No change wsuld be suggested in the Turkish missions, where this method is generally ob served, as at llarpoot, Cesarea, and other cen ters, nor in Micronesia, nor among the North American Indians. In Fapal lands, six new men, for the proper training of native evange lists, would probably suffice. On this general plan, therefore, of three ordained missionaries to half a million of the unevangelized in the principal mission fields of the Board, one man to 300,000 in Japan, and one to 750,000 or 1,000,000 in Papallands, there is need of not less than 300 ordained missionaries in addition to the present force. Add to this number 25 thoroughly trained Christian physicians, 25 laymen in various i apacities, and 200 devoted Christian women and we might hope, in the light of past experi ence,.to meet the urgent demands of our portion of the field. In short, we need to treble our present working force in order to the early evangelization of such part of the world as has been left to the constituency of this Board. This would mean a missionary force of 450 ordained missionaries, 75 physi cians and laymen, and 300 to 350 unmarried m omen for teachers and special evangelistic efforts among their own sex. Supposing the men to go out married, and we have an aggie gate of nearly 1,400 men and women devoted to this service. This would give but one ordained missionary to every 220,000 on the average for the entire field. To supply means for carrying forward the work on this enlarged scale, including expenses Tor Christian educa tion, for a Christian literature, and for such assistance as may be necessary till the rising Christian communities can care for themselves, in addition to salaries and buildings for the accommodation of missionaries, would require an annual outlay of not less than $2,006,000, or one half as much as is spent on education in the single city New Yrk. The constituency of the Board have a rpght to our best judgement on the necess ties of the work intrusted by them to our care, and it is not less our duty to the perishing millions, accessible and turning to us for the bread of life, to speak in their behalf. “But,” it may be said, “it is quite impossible to meet such a call.” “Impossible" is not a good word for Christians, especially American Christians, to use. It does not sound well here in uiew of what have might been had the work gone on from 1836 to the present time as during the twenty years previous, nor does it sound well in view of the growth and wealth of the churches that act through the Board. Would that there were something of the spirit that animated David Livingstone and his father in that humble Scotch home, as they talked of the good time coming, when men of wealth would go abroad at their own charges, or, failing of that, would send their sons! OUR PRESENT FORCE. Let us now take account of the force at present actually in the field. After deduct ing those who ate disabled by reason of age or infirmity, and those who are as yet unac - quainted with the languages required, we shall find not more than one hundred and forty effective men. Add to these twenty mis sionary physicians and other laymen, one hundred unmarried women, devoted to schools and other work, and the wives of missionaries, most of wham are doing valuable service, and we have about 100 men and women as the ac tual working force, to whom is committed the evangelization of u popnlation twice as large as is to be found in these United States. In this country we have one evangelical min ister to every seven hundred of the population; and for home missionary purposes we may sav that one ordained missionary is required for every thousand, though we are not sure that our home missionary societies would ac cept ot so many for each of their missionaries. Hut it is idle to think of sending men to sup ply the need abroad in any such proportion. It is deemed enough to assign three ordained missionaries with their wives, and two single ladies, with possibly a missionary physician to over 500,000 souls. This proportion,— three orduined missionaries to 500,000 in the foreign field and one to 1,000 in the home field,—markes the difference between the two fields, and shows the possibility of evangeliz ing the world through fhe efforts of the churches of this generation. With our present missionary force, or with any lorce we can command, it is obvious that great expenditures are necessary for training schools and seminaries, that well-instructed preachers and teachers niay be put into tne held. As education advances, a Christum literature must supply the demand of the growing intelligence. The church edifice is as necessary in the foreign as in the home field. Indeed, every plea made for the various inteiests of the home work, for men and women of ability, tact, and true consecration j every plea for colleges and semenaries, for Christian literature and chuech building, are equally aplicable to the foreign fiedd, only in tensified by the utter lack of the thousand elevating influences of centuries of Christian civilization. Every word of Carl Schruz and George William Curtis, at the recent Com (1) Afr.ca, 300,000; Western Asia -t.OOO.Ot 0 Indie tl,000,000; China, 20,000,000; other Adds ns.Mi.ro ueaia and North American Indians, too ooo (2) China, 40,000,000; Japan, 8^000 000- In.l -i 0,000,000; Western Asia and European Triikev 26,000,000; Austria, 0,000,000; Spain n oooiirun Mexico, 2,000,000; Africa, 10,1*00,000 ’ Vlie’rane s'a, North American Indians, 200,000. menccments of Harvard and Brown, as to tlie -ewC?;tedmCn t0 the welfare of the State, might have been uttered with as stringent logic and as brilliant eloquence at Constantinople, Bombay, or Peking ; only we limply Secular? e(lucat'on Christ!, mid not The simple fact that so large a sum is re quircd ns we are now expending—about $650,000 a year,-when the numbef' of or dained m.ssionanes is no larger than it was thirty years ago, when the expenditure was only $257,0»0, is explained by the changes in methods ol labor. The number of native agents is three times larger to-day than then now 857, exclusive of more than 1,900 Jach-' ers. The number of out-stations in charge of native preachers in 18*2, was 15; now it is 708. ihe number of schools and seminaries has gone up from 17 to 101; of „UpUs in them, from 969 to 3,898. The drift of mis sionary expenditure is in the directions thus *, fj: .If !nen to be had from this countrj, it is clear that more regard must be It is rf19mg Up f’1 l tfi'-e,u force abroad. n - L uir/0? taUgh‘ US b-v th<i experience of the last forty years; by the fact that so few young men in our colleges and seminaries, ton t!!8 °Waid t0 the “‘““try; enforced too, by the urgent appeals for men to enter the home held. lor the most of us, the only thing we can do IS to give ef our means, not only to aid those who go abroad, but for the education and support of native co-laborers bo we become laborers togeather in the common cause. Certainly, if the present generation of the unevangelized is to hear the gospel message, it can only be by such united effort. 1 3 i he method is not less the dictate of a wise economy. The average annual expense of a mission family, including outfit, travel, and dweUing-bouse, built or hired, expenses tor children, for returns to this country from failure of health and other causes, is sulficieut when the proper institutions have been pro vided, to educate not less than forty young men or young women u year, und thus pre pare them to become teachers and preachers to their ewn people; or it will supply such grants in aid as may be wisely used in help ing put forty native laborers into the field, till such time as they may receive their support from their own people.' Thoughtful friends of missions are beginning to realize the situation, tine of these, Mr. William C. Jones, of War rington, England, a few years since placed $275,008 in the hands of the Church Mis sionary Society of England, for a native agency in India, and has recently added $300,000 for like work in China and Japan. "ls. trample may well he eemmended to Christian men posseesed of wealth in this country. The income of $500,000 is needed at once for a native agency, in charge of mis- • sionaries of the American Board, in Japan and China; as much more for the Turkish missions; as much more for India and Papal lands, not to speak of Africa. An urgent call has already come from North China for the establishment of a Christian college at Tientsin. The Oberlin Band are relying on another Oberlin in the new field of hhanse. Colleges in Ceylon and Turkey, the outgrowth of our mission work, and a dozen theological seminaries in different parts of the woild, arc pleading for more funds to improve the great opportunity. Here are calls, on the instant, for from two and a half to three mil lions ot dollars to be devoted to higher Chnstian education, to the training of young men and young women to labor among their ow n people. . I he Zulu mission, in South Africa, asks for an enlargement and equip ment oi the seminary at Adams, to raise up native evangelists for Central Africa; and the time has come when the work in Papal lands, no longer an experiment but an assured suc .calls ^or largc *• sums, not only for Christian education, but for building purposes as well,—$50,000 for Spain, $30,000 for Aus tua, and $50,0 0d for Mexico. At some im portant centers, like Constantinople and Bombay, where expenses arc much the same as in our own cities, it is difficult, if rot im possible, for the Christian communities to provide themselves with suitable buildings for worship or for education, such as should not only supply urgent wants, but give character and a sense of permanoncc to the work begun. For thirty years Constantino ple has waited for a church building to be a centre of church life at the capital, but the native Christians have not yet felt able to erect it, nor has the Board had funds at its disposal lor such an enterprise, though at the \ery heart of its operations for the evangeliza tion of an empire. But why set forth these pressing wants, when there is so little pros pect of their being supplied? It is to give the constituency of the Board some just idea of vhe great work in which they are engaged, its vast opportunities, and the sublime* privilege that is open to us as to no other people and to no other generation, to make wise use of our stewardship in the promotion of the kingdom, of our Lord upon the earth. Are any motives required to lead the con stituency ot this Board to greater effort in keeping with the great opportunity? We point to the Author and Finisher of our faith, who, lor the joy set before him in his sacri fice tor the world’s redemption, endured the cross, despising the shame. We appeal to every generous sentiment of gratitude and of loyalty to him who hath done all things for us, and bids us go forward in his serviee. If results are needed to strengthen our faith in the ultimate success of our labors, we point to the wondrous growth of modern missions during the last fifty years, or coming nearer home, to the singular blessing of God on the work of this Board during the last twelve years; the splendid development of woman’s work at home and abroad; to two hundred more towns and cities occupied by preachers of the gospel; to twice as many children and youth in mission schools; four times as many high schools and seminaries, and five times as many pupils in them ; to more than twice as many members enrolled in mission churches, and three times—perhaps four times—as much given by the native communities for Christian education and the support of their own insti tutions. No other twelve years of our histo ry, have such a record of progress, or so much to encourage us to write anew on our banners, “LARGE DESIGNS, VIGOROUS ACTION, DEPEND ENCE upon God.” Was it by accident that the last stanza ever penned by the world’s poet, Portland’s gifted son, was antieipative of the coming glory ? “O bells of San Bias, in vain Ye call back the Past again. The Past is deaf to your prayer! Out of the shadows of night 'J lie world rolls into light; It is daybreak everywhere." (l) (l) Longfellow, Atlantic Monthly, July, 1882. Dr. Clark’s paper was referred to the fol lowing committee: Rev. L. T. Chamberlain, I). D., Norwich, Conn. Hon. Wni. B. Washbunie, Greenfield. Mass. Z. Stiles. Ely, Esq., New York. Rev. J. W. Hough, I>. D., Jackson, Mich. Rev. W. M. Baroonr, D. D., New Haven, Conn. D, D., Augusta, Me. C. F. lliompson, Esq., Brattleboro, Vt. united in singing a hymn. At the conclusion of the report of Dr. Clark on the work and its need, the audience sung “The whole wide world for Jesus,” as the Rev. R. S. Storrs, D. D., of Brooklyn, came forward to the platform. He spoke upon the great themes of the report. He was greeted with enthusiastic applause. He made a complimentary allusion to the sermon of Dr. Goodwin, and endulged in some general criticism of sermons in our day, tlie audience evidently much enjoying his remarks. The great need, in order to meet the splendid missionary opportunities of the immediate future, he thought to be a great Christian Enthusiain. io awaken th is, it is of no use to set forth the mere evident advantages of Christianity; we need to measure the great, high, and deep pnrposes of a real religion, of such a religion as could call forth the life worthy of a Judson, a Harriet Newell, a Livingstone, and other such heroic souls. The great and stirring words of Dr. Storrs, were most appropriate to the theme of the hour, and reached the highest dergee of eloquence. Nothing so far in the meeting has begun to move the audience like this address. They felt that here, for once, a great soul and a great theme were well matched. Dr. Means read the following response, to the greetings from Illinois' which were adopted by the Board. The American Board assembled at its seventy-third annual meeting at Portland, gratefully acknowledges the greetings coming by telegraph from the Chicago Association. It heartily responds to their words of cheer, and desires anew to place itself in all its work, under the leadership and supremacy of the Holy Ghost uttered und emphasized by one of the members of the Chicago Associa tion in the sermon last evening ltev.F, D. Ayer of Concord, N. II., Chair man of the Committee on Nominations, re ported the following committees ZULU MISSION. Rav. H. W. .Jones of Vermont uly' «ev ft R Dover, N. H. Rev. 8. E Herrick, D. D., Boston Rev. W. H. Fenn, Portia,id. I)ea. A. E. Bourne. BaBgnr, Me Rev. Frank Russell, MamfieJd O Benj. Douglass, E-.q., Middletown, Conn. WEST CENTRAL AFRICAN MISSION. Rov. 8. G. Willard, Colchester Conu Rev. O. H. White, D. D„ New YV?k' Z. Stiles Ely, Esq.. New York ft*vr. Fairbanks, Vermont. A. E. Williston, Esq., Northampton. ^Rev. Benj. Tappan, D. D , Norridgswock, Rev. J. K. Mason, D. D , Fryeburg, Me. KUUOFKAN TURKEY MISSION. Rev. E. H. Byiugton, Monson, Mass. VVoodbury 8. Dana Esq.. Portland, Me. }\Z T ' S' D- Sherbrook, Q. Uov. Wm. T. Sleeper, Worcester, Mass. 1W UH>1Q.0 u ’ "'>rcester, Mass. Kcot S\ r- Blelcher, Auburn, Me. Kev- Edward ltobie, I). D„ Greenland, N. H. WESTERN TURKEY MISSION. rZ nW,“B,Ii* D D - Middlebury, Vt. p»I'!.VbS" Laurie, Providence, B. I. Conn L®°uarii w- Bacon, D. D., Norwich, WiUlau, E. Dodge, New York City. a li ilrM P<'xt*r> U D , Boston, M iss. S'' Em»sla?. Esq., New York. Conn W Thompson, D. I)., Hartford, A S' D ■ Grinneil, iowa A. H. Plumb, D. D., Boston, Mass. CENTRA!. AND EASTERN TURKEY MISSIONS. viUe,VM^E “erriman- U D ■ Somer w B,anKus' Rockville, Conn. (:“■ Wee . Esq , Cincinnati O. iron' S' Eorter, Lsxingtou, Mass. Hon. Charles T. Russell Boston Mass. R^; Albert Bryant, Dakota. J. R. Delano, Eiq , East JIardwicb, Vt. maratha mission. Rev. Samuel Wolcott, D. D., Cleveland, O. R®I; •Jonathan E. Adams, Bangor, Me. t 2Pe* Vermont. Seth H. 8 he I don, Cleveland, O. la-ev. G. H. Da Zeroise, Loomtoster. Mas?.. Hon. John W. Noyes, New Hampshire. MADURA AND CEYLON MISSIONS. Hey. Win. HI. Brooks, D. D., Iowa Rev. G. W, Phillips, Mass. Hon. Geo. B. Barrows, Fryeburg, Me. Rev. G. B. Sutmier, Mass. Jericho Centre, N. Y. Rev. CUas. B. RJce, Dauvers, Mas>. I rank Wood, Esq., Boston, Mass. FOOCHOW, NORTH CHINA AND SHANSK MISSIONS. Rev. A. E. P. Perkius, Ware, Mass. Rev. John S. Sewell, D.D., Bangor, Me Rowland Mather, Esq., Conn. Hon. Nathan W. Tatis, Boston. Rev. 0. B Hurlburt, D.D., Eyndonville, Vt. Hou. W. W. Thomas, Portland, Me. Rev. E. Y. Hoicks, Andover, Mass. JAPAN MISSION. J^'r- [^eiL.Paine, I). D., Bangor, Mo. Key. E. W. Gilman, Now York City. D. D. Stratton, Esq., Melrose, Mass. Rev. E. W. Bacon, New Haven, Conn. R. L. Day, Esq., Boston, Mass. Prof. Henry L. Chapman, Brunswick, Me. It8v. Erastus Blakesiee, Westlield, Mass. MICRONESI AN MISSION. Hon. William Hyde, Ware, Mass. Rev. Charles R. Palmer, Bridgeport, Conn Rev. F. E. Shaw, Eist Michigan. Rev. Burdett Hart, Connecticut. S. B. Pratt, Esq , Boston, Mass. Rev. Qaincey Blakesley, Oomptou, N. H. Rev. Jasop Torrey, D.D , Yarmouth, Me. MEXICO AND SPANISH MISSIONS. Rev. John E. ToJ.i, D. Now Hiveu Conu. Prof. David N. Gamp, Conn. Rev. H. L. Griilia, Bangor, Me. Rev. E. P. Tliwlug, Brooklyn, N. Y. Rev. E>mau S. liowlaud, L^e, Mass. Joseph Jj. Partridge, Esq. Rev. E. U. Richardson, New Britain, Conn. AUSTRIAN MISSION. Rev. H. M. Storrs, New York. Rev. G. E. Weitzel. Conn, Hon. Wm. J. Phelps, Elmwood, III. Rev. H. E. Barnes, Masi. Nelson Kingsbury, Esq., Coun. Roy. C. J. Hill, Conn. Rev. E. G. Selden, New Hampshire. ON OFFICERS. Rev. J. W. Welluian, D. II , Malden, Mail. Rev. A. C. Hurd, Taftville, Conn. George V. Davis, Esq , Newton Center, Maas. Mass^ ^‘3*£9> ^I- D., Nawburyport, Rei. Calvin Catler, Anbutudale, Mass. ON PLACEANl) PREACHERS. Rev. A. H. Quint, Dover, N. H. Philo Parsons, Eiq., Detroit, Midi. Rev. J. G. S. Buckingham, Springfield, Mass. Rev. E. H. Packard, Dorchester, Mass. D. W. Fairbanks, Jacksonville, JII. Rev. F. R. Abbe, Bostou, Mass. Rev. J. W. Hubbell, Danbury, Conn. The Recording Secretary repeated the names of tho committees, and appointed different lo cations in the ball where they could meet and organize. The Board took a recess until afternoon. The Horning Overflow. There was an overflow meeting held at The Payson Memorial Church—Rev. Dr. Thomp son presided. The exercises were opened with prayer by Rev. Dr. Freeland of Detroit. An address was made by Rev, Mr. Park for merly stationed at Bombay. He described the general state of mind among the educated classts to be that of unrest. Many conform to the rites and formalities of their native re ligion who are utterly sceptical as to their value. The prospect for the spread of Chris tianity is encouraging. Rev. Mr. Schaufl'er of the Austrian mission followed iu a brief and earnest address, speaking of the difficulties and persecutions encountered in the work, and touching upon the method employed, which is not that of antagonizing the Catho lic church but rather of presenting the pure truth. He gave ^an illustration of official persecution and made an appeal for sympathy and prayers Rev. Mr. Clark of the Bulgarian Mission who was ordained in this city twen ty-three years ago spoke of the pleasure it gave him to return to the fathers, of the close ness of the missionary ties contrary to the pop ular impression the Bulgarians are not Turks. There is no sympathy between them, no rela tionship between the languages. They are very much like the Yankees in temperament, character and appearance. When Mr. Clark went there twenty-three years ago he found that the Bulgarian scriptures had been largely distributed. There was great eagerness to obtain these Testaments not on account of any spiritual interest but because they loved to seethe characters of their hative tongue. They dislike to be spoken of as belonging to the Greek Church. Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. Barrows formerly of the Turkish Mission. Two verses ofthe 1248th hymn were then sung after which the closing address was made by Rev. Mr. Atkinson who has recently returned from Japan. The speaker said that nine years ago be found on going to Japan intense op position to Christian religion. A prominent ofiicial said that they would oppose it as they would resist an armed force. Japan has been turned upside down and now the idea pre vails that Christianity ia all conquering and toat Japan is to be u Christian nation. He spoke of what had been accomplished by Tapanese educated in their country, and described the course of study at Kioto. Japan has sent its Hotter to this country and China its scum, though the Chinese are probably not as bad as the news papers make them out. At'U'ruoou SteNMioii. The session opened by singing Hymn 13. “Come Thou long expected Jesus'* l)i. Moans read the following telegram. The Board directed that a response should be re turned. Briiiqewateu, N. Y., Oct. 4. Oneidu, Chenago and Delaware Association send greetings, pledges, affection, loyalty and support. Rev. James Chambers, Moderator. It was announced that an overflow meeting would be held in the Second Parish church, Rev. Mr. Scudder presiding. Rev. A, J. F. Behrends, I). D., of Provi dence, R. I., Chairman of tho Committee on Dr. Alden’s paper on the Home Department mdae a report. Your committee, to whom was referred the report of .qe Society sf the Home Depart ment, have endeavored to consider the matters submitted to their attention, and unite in the following report: The friends of missions have reason to rs joice that the year has closed with a small balance in the treasury; but our joy is modi fied by the disclosure that such a result a re sult has been attained only by the practice of the most rigid economy, and by the timely re lief afforded this year, ns in previous years, by the Otis bequest. Had it not been for the ready two hundred thousand dollars received during the year from the source named, our missions must have greatly and seriouslp suf fered, as the increase of contributions so re peatedly asked for, and so urgently needed, has not been obtained. The report relered to the grutifying increase of contributions, reported from the interior states, being §17,000 in advance of last year, to the immediate need of a large increase of annual gifts, for enlarged evangelistic and educational work, made necessary by the donation of the funds from the Otis bequest, set apart to these purposes, to the wise policy of missionnsy administration is to avoid the incurring of debts, that a reliance a large bequests, either past or projective is demoral izing and dangerous, better u great many gentle and refreshing showeis than one tremendous flood, though the fiood is more than welcome when the shower fails. The report referres to the financial ability we have. The committee were not prepared to recom mend the suggestion of a new organization in reference to educational purposes. They press the increased circulation of the Miss ionary Herald and the use of maps and leaf lvts-—refer to more circulated and systematic effort to unite all the membership of the church in the work of missions, und of need of the leadership of the ministry, baptised with the Holy Ghost and with fire'. Remarks were added by Rev. Edward S. Park, D. D., of Audover, Mass., Rev. ,T. B, Clark, Secretary of the Massachusetts Home Missionary Society, Boston, the Rev. 0. D. Barrows of San Francisco >nd Rev. W. T. Cambridge of Providence, R. I. After the announcement of ineetiug3 of committees and of further meetings of tho Board a ioows was taken until the evening. evening he««io.\. Hon. William E Dodge of New York, vice president, was in tee chair. The congregation united in singing Hymn 75: “ Fes, we trust the day is breaking,” to the air of Grenville. Rev. S. G. Buckingham, D. D., of Spriug field, Mass., led in prayer. Rev. L. T. Chamberlain, D, D , of Norwich, Conn., chairman of the committee, to whom was referred the paper of Secietary Clark, on the growth and noed of the foreign work, re* ported in behalf -of the committee. They commend the great argument of the secretary to our prayerful and const- eutious considera tion. The impressive review of the past sev enty years, bringing us to the conclusion that while God has opened the way for the world wide spread of His kingdom, we have beeu remiss in our privilege aud our duty. There has beeu limited devotiou, and all the tithes hitve uot beeu brought into the store house. The issue accordingly, is between us, togeth er with our brethren, iu the constituency of the Board and the Master. It is between us and the millions unsaved. It is between us and our own souls. Our respouse is to be made iu view of the fact that we have the full ability, provided ouly that we are willing. The report commends the great plan of a native ministry to be trained on the soil; of self-supporting, aggressive, native churches; of Christian schools, and the special work of up lifting of woman iu heathen lauds; the ready acceptance of the broad, sagacious, Christian plan by those entrusted with the administra tion of the Board. Never, apparently, in the history of missions, has more depended ou tl e answer we give to the fac's of the paper pre sented by the secretary. Rev. Cornelius L. Wells, D. D., of New York, Secretary of the Bo.rJ of Missions of the Reformed Dutch Church, was iutro. duced by the President and gave the cheer and greetings of that body—organized iu 18:11—now numbering 500 churches and 80, 000 members. Until 1857, it was united har moniously with the American Board, iu mis sion work, since which time it has undertaken the w ork alone. Dr. Wells spoke ably and well. A hymn, the Macedonian cry, composed by Rev. W. T. Sleeper, of Worcester, M iss., and set to music by Mr. B. D. Allen, the father of Mrs. W. S. Sleeper, and sang at the ordina tion of Rev. W. S. Sleeper, at his ordination as a missionary to Bulgaria, and father of the author of the liymu, was read by Secretary Clark, and sung by J. It. Coyle, Jr. of Port, land in a full, c ear voice, and rendered so plainly, that the President remarked it wa not necessary that it should have been read. Remarks were then made by tbo Rev. J. D Davis of tbe Japan mission. Rev. Burdette Hart of New Haven, Conn., led In prayer with special reference to the topic which had been presented. Tbe vast congregation united in singing one verse of llie liymu—“All bail tbe powerof Jesus’ name.” The closing address of tbo evening was made by Rev. Win. M. Harbour, D. 1)., of New Haveu, Conn. Rev. C. A. Dickinson of Port land, chairman cf tbe committee of arrange ments made a report concerning future ses sious. The Beuediitiou was pronounced by tbe Rev. H. A. Neely, D. I)., Bishop of the the Maiuo Dircase Adjourned. The addresses by t to Rev. Meifrs. Chamber lain Davis and Borbonr will be giveu in the special edition of tl.e P litas to be published after tbe close of tbo meeting. EVENING OVERFLOW .HEETING. To accommodate tbe crowds unable to gain admittance to the City Hall or the First Par ish church the Second Parish church was open ed. Rev. Dr. Fiske of Newburyport, presided. He said that advance must bo made ail slung the line and that the missionary spirit dated from tlie theological quickening in New Eng land. Brief addresses were made by Prof. Wright of Oberlin, who spoke of the broadening effect of missionary iuthiencss upon the indi vidual; by Bev. C. D. Barrows of San Fran cisco, who spoke of the faith principle as op posed to tbe power principle, and by Rev. Dr. Bebreudsof Providence, R. I., whose stirring words were frequently applauded. His theme was the yower of the gospel iu raising the de graded. Contrary to ihe philosophy of man tbe gospel begins at the bottom aud works np to the top. He drew a glowing picture of the possibilities created by the openiug of Egypt. The First Parish house was crowded. Rev. Dr. Magoun presided. The choir sang "I wait e'd on the Lord.” Prayer was offered by Dr. Stephenson of Montreal. Rev. Dr. Cyrus Hauilin, the first president of Roberts College, Constantinople, gave a sketch of mission work iu the Turkish empire from 1832 to tire present, noting necessarily tbe various wars, intrigues and politic tl changes of the fifty years, aud showing that the Lord bad done a great work. The Doctor spoke strongly of the evil wrought by Russiau diplo mats, by Louis Napoleon aud Sir Henry Bnl wer. He also dwelt upon tbe horrors of the Russo Turkish war, which cost a million lives and was followed by bankruptcy, assassination and famine iu both conutries. Rev. H. A. Sellau(Her, missionary at Prague, Bohemia, gave a very interesting ac souut of the work in that city. Persecution and hin drance have been the constant lot of the mis sionaries there, but the work goes on and will go ou. Rev. Dr. Haydeu made the closing remarks. Music was furnished by Kolzsclimar at the or gan, and the First Parish choir. Wo shall publish Dr Hamlin’s address n our supplement berealtsr. iiinoit wnt. The Press will publish ibis afternoon a re vised directory of lusts and gnosis. Many ad ditions and corrections have boon made, and the list is now substantially complete. Those who have names to add .should bring them to this oflice as early as possible this morning. The restaurant at the Recaption Hall is dc iug a great business. There wore 150 break fasted there yesterday. Pour hundred dined and the same number suppod there. The provisions continue of the best quality. The tables at Congress Hall, set by the W. C. T. U., are very attractive in appearance aud bountifully provided. About 75 breakfasted there yesterday, and 200 dined aud supped. Miss Deyr, of the Boston Congregationalism is in attet dance on the meetings of the Ameri can Board. The corridors o( City Building remind one of a political convention after the meetings. They are filled with knots of earnest men and women busy discussing all they have heard, and agreeing or disagreeing, as happens, with the visa s of the different speakers. The ante-room to the Council Chamber looks like a baggage room at a great railroad station pilod np with valises, liaud-bags and parcels. Tbe visitors to the meetings are loud iu tiieir praises of tbe profuse hospitality of our citi zens. We hope to publish iu a I tier issue tho ad dress of tho ftev. C. I). Barrows, delivered at the session of the Board yesteiday. The call for ihe ltev. Ur. Goodwin’s sermon is large. Iu order to inset that call we shall publish the sermon in ful1. The delay is owing to the fact that the stenographer has not yet transcribed his uotes The seruidu, to gether with the foil and authorized account of all the proceedings, will appear in tho special editiou 10 be published after the close of the meeting. This editiou will contain a complete report of the four days’session. To euable us to meet the demaud, orders for it should be left at once at the I’kkss couutiug room, or at our brauch office in the corridor of City Hall. When the meetings in City Hall aud the over-fijw meetings in the adjoin iniug churches let out, as they gen erally do at the same hour, Congress BH-eet is a sight to behold. It is a second Belle vue Avenue at Newpoit with the elegant private carriages, tbe prancing steeds, tbe crowds of well dressod meu aud woman, and the horse cars quickly succeeding each oilier. The liackmen who “went back" on their word Tuctday, were ail right yesterday, The barges brought them to their senses. The mail-room, or post office, Is a busy scene at City Hall. The long tables are crowded with ladles aud gentlemen inditing correspondence. A lady from Boston remarked yesterday that slie always thought Boston policemen carried off the palm for politeness but she bad come to tile conclusion while in Portland that our policemen surpassed them in that respect. City Hall and the First aud Second Parish churches we'e crowded to repletion last even ing and if another church had beeu opened it conld have been quickly tilled. TODAY'S PBOCiK A IIII K. The fallowing is today’s programme: ‘.i a. in. departs from committees upon va rious missions, with addresses from missiouar ies and others. - P- ui- Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper at Paysou Memorial, State street and Willlstou churches. ilj i). m. Business mooting for the election of officers uod reports of committees. 7A p. m. Addreises by President Hopkins ami ethers. 10 a. in. Meeting of Women’s Board of Missions at High street church. Overdraw meetings will be held as required At tlie sixth public meeting of the Woman’s Board of Missions, High street church, this m ruing, the following will be the order of ex ercises : Report of the W. B. M. Report of the W. B. M. I. Report of the W. B. M. P. Addresses by Missionary ladies—Miss M. E. Gouidy, Osaka, Japan; Mrs. O. W. Park, Bom bay, India; Mrs. O. R. Allen, Harpoot, Tor key; Miss M. 8. Rice of the Nestoriau Mission; Mrs. J. L. Atkinson, Kobe, Japan; Miss E M. Stone, Samokov, Bulgaria; Miss F. M. Morris, Aaln Mission. This will be one of the most interesting meetings of the week. The ordinance of the Lord’s Supper will be administered at the Second Parish church to accommodate those in the eastern part of the city; at the State streot church, fertile cen tral, and at Williston church for the western. Mewman Smyth. lhe Question of His Othodoxy Consid ered. We tike from the Christian Union the fol lowing account of the examination of the Kev. Dr. Newman Smyth at New Haven: A council of Congregational churches was held in the Centre Church, New Haven—the late Dr. Bacon's—Wednesday, September 20. The Congregational churches of New Haven were all represented, together with Dr. Mc Kenzie’s church of Cambridge, I)r. Duryea s of Bos1 on, and the First Congregational of Hartford. Dr. Todd of Now Haven was elect ed Moderator. Dr. Newman Smylt made a brief statement of his religious experience, which, he stated, began with his conscious life. He united with the church at Phillips Academy at. thiiteen years of age. He then read from a carefully prepared paper a state ment of his religions beliefs, lie holds that Coil reveals himself to the moral aud spiritual life of man; that lie selected and trained one nation to he the bearer of a special divine rev elation; that this revelatiou culminated iu Christ Jeans, the divino Worn become llesli, aud the tiual and infallible authority of faith and practice; that the Sacred Scriptures are iu ait the record and interpretation, iu fact the contouts, of the revelation from Cod which is fulfilled in Christ; aud that we have besides the written canons of faitli the pr> gressive de velopment of the faith in the mind of tiie Church through the Spirit of Christ. He holds that all meu aro siuuers; that Biu in volves both corruption of the individual aud separat ort from God; aud that this evil conse quence can be removed only by the ^willing and cjnewrring act of both Cod aud man. As to the atonement, he holds that Qod has ever been willing to forgive and restore; that this willingness to forgive is nit aloue enough for the reality of lorgtveuiss, and that, therefore, God's love lias led him to such out-giving from himself as is necessary for the realization of hisctrrunl willingness to forgive; he regards alljtheories of the at moment as acceptably helps to our conception of it, but none of them as satisfactory explanations of the mystery of grace. It is on thesubjectof the future life that his views have been most sharply Criti cised ; it is on this subject there is the greatest public interest. This part of his statemeut was as follows: The center of the Biblical doctrine of the future life is Jesus’s teaching concerning th i final judg ment. 1 believe that tie's present dtapen alion, or world age shall come to au end at the day of judge ment. t believe that this world age is llie time of probation, aud that every pers u bo. u into this world shall have.one fair and sutiicie it probation uuder c nil it ions of grace. 1 believe that the end of probation is, for the preseut system as a wholo, the day of judgment, and for the individual his confirmed self-determination in good or evil. J be lieve that the end of probation for the Individual is not aud, from the natu-e of moral freedom, cannot bo any outward circumstance, temporal accident or physical change, like tbe death of the body. 1 be lieve that now the conditions of eternal Hie are of fered in the Got pel, and that whoever wilfully neg lect or reject them are in danger of the sin against the Ho y Ghost, which Jesus said bath never tor givenet either in this world or the world to come I believe that if incidentally, in the development of God’s purpose of grace under the limitations of a system of nature, sufficient conditions of gracious probation may not have been furnished in this world tj any par.icnlar generation, class or individ ual (as, for example, infants. Idiots, antediluvians, some heathen, aud children born apparently to no moral chance), I can trust God to provide for such some special opportunity lor repentance in Hades before the tiual judgment, Icanuic but think there is some Scriptural warrant for this trust iu the fact that Jeaus.preaebei to a certain class of spirits in Hale*. It aso seems tome lo be a logi c*. deduction from the principle of individual ac countability which has l*een maintained in our New England theology. While as a preacher of the Gos pel 1 have no authority to otter to any min any time of salvation but' now, 1 must allow that Jesus Christ, belora he shall give us his mediatorial kingdom to the Father may have opportunity* uurevetled to up of ottering himself graciously to any who may not have hail a decisive probation i tills life. Uf what constitutes in particular case* a deci sive probation under conditions of grace we are not tbe judges, but God shall judge. I believe that the obligation of Christian missions rests upou the com mandment of the Ix>rd, and will be increasingly owned by the church In proportion as it obtains higher views of God’s love for the world; but so sa cred a causo thou Id not be bouud up with estra Scriptural limitations of God’s mercy. I believe that when the end of tbe wor d shall come, at ihe aat great day, these thing* which are temporal shall be superseded by those things which are eternal. What this eternal order ir kind of existence is, I have not now, under this temporal lorm of life, power defin itely to conceive. J regard such phrases as endless time, everlasting duration, as permissibly expressive of the finality aud permanence of the judgment, but not as proper definitionso» the eternal, which trans cends conception; and I accept Jesus's teaching of the possibility ot etertal life or dea li in tbe moral positivenes* and metaplijsical indefinitenvss in which he saw tit to leave fur* our use his doctrine of the future life. I do not accept the burdens, often too heavy to be borne, Imposed upou tbi- faith by the traditions of men, who. addjto Jesu- ’s simple Gospel their vain earthly and temporal imaginations of the eternal life and its mo al relations. 1 cannot believe in annihilation, or the exliuctiou from the sum of b iug of anything that has been made. How far moral personality may be self-va cated by persistent sin, aud a soul killed, is one of those doubtful questions which 1 am couamt to wait for the day of revelations to answer. 1 cannot ttuil either in Scripture or Christian reason sufficient au thonty to warrant teaching as % dogma tne hope of a linai reconciliation of all evil to tne wood will of God. The reading of this btuemout was followed by a rapid, keen, but thoroughly friendly ex amination, conducted at first by tho Moderator, but afterward participated in by other mem bers of the Council, the more import nit parte of which wero as follows; Question. What do you regard as tbe strong est evidence of God? Answer. (Quickly.) God himself. Q. But what is the strongest evidence with those who deuy him? A. That depends ou the nature of the denial. It would depend largely on the admissions that were made. y Wliat do you regard as tbe strongest ev idence of a revelation of God in Scripture? A. The radical difference between the history of Israel and that of ail other contemporary na tions; between the literature of Israel aud all olhor literatures. y. Is tbe revelation of G.mI in the Scriptures complete and final? A. Revelation iu the Word ot God is progressive, and yet complete for the purposes for which the Scriptures were given. y. What is your theory of inspiration? A. I have no theory of inspiration. I am walling for Professor Ladd's book. y. How do you distinguish the Scriptures from other human writings? A. In the fact that they contain a special revelation from God. Such a disclosure of Divine character as is found iu the Bible the pagan world was ut terly uuable to originate. y. Iu what dors sin consist? A. Man is a sinful being toward God just as a man would be wrong who should assume a totally wrong position toward another human being. In this sense every man has sinned. They who have exercised no wrong choice in life are not per sonally guilty, but all mankind are iu need of atonemeut. y. Do yon believe that all men are saved by Christ aloue? A. Jesus Ohnst is the Saviour of all men, and jet I can conceive it possible that men may be saved who have never heard the Gospel preached. But these also ate saved by the grace of Uod which is in Jesus Christ y. Will you describe the process of regener atiou? A. I cau as easily describe the process of the sun-rising as that of regeneration or con version. It is the work ot God. y. In wliat does it cousisl? A. It consists In bringing man out of a false and disastrous personal relationship into a true, loving friend ship with God himself. I distinguish between tbe external act of sin or wrong-doing, aud the internal ainfuluess or wrongness of personal re lations. Conversion is tbe hriugiug the person out from this inner wrongness baek into right ness. y By whom is It brought about? A. Both by God and the sinner. y Do you admit Hie vlcirious nature of Christ’s atonemeut? Ido. His suffering was an expression of sympathy with us, putting himself in our place. y. Was tbe design of the atonement, in your view, the representalioii of the divine charac fel’ ,l|ie wmd represenlatiou is too shal low. Realization is a belter word. Q- ^ hst are the conditions of salvation? A- Repeutance and faith, or c itniug to Christ. y. Is faith In Christ mere intellectual be lief. A By no means. Having faith Is per sonal trust. Q. Do you think that children should he ad milted to the church? A. My observation" leads me to think that children so admitted make the best church-members. Q. What do you regard as the couditioos i f church membership? A. In general the con ditions of salvation. For particular churches particular rules may be deemed necessary. But the only rales which any chnri'b has the right to impose are in general the conditions of sal vation. ■ .w‘‘.at \a the church? A. The church in its meal ta the continuous manifestation of Christ in the world as an organized body. Was it founded by Christ" A. hv him rmiiLo'0 r.®“u t o( a command involved in ills e v^ich, uu?oubte‘1|y lli9 intention to leave a church in the world. Phi'rch wl!Sfto0* ,rcm tbo Ptesbyttrian Church. What are ycur feelings as to the con gregational system? A. I care very litilo for tho harness in which I work provided It d^s not work too modi in the breei biuiz. y. Has the belief in a possible probation af ter death any foundation in Seripturt" A I do not think that we have detinue Scriptural authority for such a belief, unless we construe with that literalness with which we construe other passages the acc ount of Christ's preach Ing to certain spirits in prison. I „honld hone that no person would he led to postpone his re pentance because of any words of mine As a preacher I have nothing mors to say ihau “Now is tho accepted time.” Q. How do you regard the doctrine of a nor sible spiritual perfection In this life? A I think that some people do not become so per fectly sanctified in this life as they suppose y. Do you believe in the doctrine of spiritu al perfection u this life" A. f look „j„n ,he iioctrine of spiritual perfection in this fife as a hnmbug. To Prof, win eon E. Baldwin, of Yalu Law School. I do not think that children should he asked theological questions at the dcor of the church. I think that improved meticals of connecting children with the life of the church might well be devised aud adopted. As to ad muting adult persons without such questions I should treat it as a matter of expedition of pri ate judgment. As an illnstraliou of mv own experience, I may mention one person whose theological views were excti.liugly vague but who desired admission to my own church, teelmg that the could not unite with the Unitarian Church. She became one of oar b TolrfrmpterSj .'W discretion. To Dr. Barbour, of Yale. There may be a probation hereafter for such us have no chenm. in this life, such as idiots, infants, some heath eu, etc. It is a question of mau be onlv. so far as the existence of tho supposed coudii ions are concerned. It becomes a must he if tho ante cedouteonditions are fulfilled. It is md, how ever, with n my warrant as a minister of the <jo*pel to declare so. To Prof. Cyius Nortbrup ol Yale Cold ge. I would have no warrant for assorting tin belief ibat the probation of persons attendin' this clinrch is not terminated it death, li ..mv be ended at any moment, for anyt' iug we know. I should not, on a funeral occasion, let] war Pronouncing judgment, whatever might l>e my private opiuioo. Q. I wish to ask whether, as the religious teacher of this people, you believe that a mau who had lived a life of cut sing aud win edness u.ight have a probation afier death? A As a religious teacher I have only one commission, that w, Now is the accepted time ” Q. Is thero any possible practical advantage in the doctrine of a probation after dei.th? a I think that there is apologetically a i ractfcai advantage in leaving open such possibilities of grace as shall prevent our preaching fiom pro voklug in the moral sentimeuis aud hearts ol men an iutense reaction aga .iot ibe II. spel. Q. Do you provoke a reaction—resentment —wlien yon refuse to sav that there is a proba lion after death? A. That depends very much on the spirit in which tho refusal is made. To the Itev. Dr. Deunen. Q. Wliudoyou mean when you use the words “a dec live pr< - bation’ A. The decisive probation ends in a hxity of character. Are there auy persons whose probation is njcvss.nly act decisive at the end of ibis life. A. Yes. Infants, idiot*, some heathen some of the spirits to whom Jesus preached in prison. Dr. Don non (sotto voce). It does not say wl at was the subject of his preaching. % Q* Do you believe that there is any pers n 1 tv lug who may have a moral chauce alter deatli! A. If you wish me to dcgiuatiza, I say, uo. If you Wish simply for my opinion, I sain yes. . ^8,r^a,t’ Q Yon be iei e that tbe Bible is the inspired word of God" \ f do. Q _ And therefore you refuse tj reduce the quality of the Bible us the Word of Uod by a Ueliued theory of inspiration.' A. I empha size it all the more as the Woid of G.xl because I cannot define its inspiration. Q. You believe that the ktate of tlio dead imposes responsibilsty npon us as t. the 1 vine" A. 1 do. Q. And also as to those who are dead? A. Not a responsibility for the deud. But this privilege, which within certain limit i was ex ercised by the early church, and is still dear to the hearts of many Christians, I have no riel t to take from them. Q- As to the rewards of the future life: do you believe there will be a dtffereue in them .' A;,, irh.® ,for<l will AH every cap as full as it will hold, but there may lie a difference in the size of the enps. President Poiterof Yale, Might you not suppose that God will judge the heathen by his knowledge of bow they wouf! tiave re ceived the I*.is[id'.’ A. That ie predestlna llor, on the other end. It would hetr mo a dilhculty in that supposition that I regards f.od as deeding men's destiny from his knowl edge of what they would have doue, and not m view of a real probaiiou nud sei'-Jeteruiioa tion. IJ Do you c insider that wliat yon c >11 "fix ity of character" is inconsist mt with activity to the future world? A. I do u. t so consider Q-. Is net thero always, therefore, a hyp. thetic.l possibility of repentance alt-.-r death? A. There certainly may bo a pogsihil t,, and vet ntt a moral cert >lnty. Q- Do you expect to preach so to the people of the Center Church that, it they wore only t) hear you ouee, they would receive the im pressiou that they had had a chance? A. (Reverently and humbly). I wool 1 endeavor so to preach. To Professor George K. Day, Yale Theologi cal Seminary. Q In what do yon 1 .cate the distinction between such writars as Paul and Peter and ethers of a later day, sneb as Baxter and Banyan? A. In the difference between their commissions—their histor cal relation to Jesus as the author and centre of faith. Q. Without the Goepel, canid thero tea a true probation for man? A There could not be one that would sat sfy God, for the simple reason that it has net satisfied him. Prof. George P. Pisher, Yale Theological Seminary: (). Suppose that :>n unrighteous man is suinmutio 1 tinder the Go,pel to repent and accept the terms of salvation, and be re pels that snmmous, has a minister of the Gos pel any right to encourage him t> hone for a future probation? A. No. As a minister of the Gospel I am under commission, and I am limited to the terms of ray commission; which are: “Now is the acce| ted ! me.” To Dr. Denner. Iu the admission of persons to the chnrcb, wonld you receive any one who disbelieved any leading truth? A. Probably not. That would depend some what on my judgment as to tho quality of the person's belief. Q. But if he stood out squarely against the truth. A. Then it would dopeud upon the nature of the doctrine itself. The Council then voted to be by itself, and a ter an hour’s deliberation vetsd unanimously to accept the examination and proceed to in stallation. Thirty-three votes were cast for the caodidat ■. It has been erroneou,ly stated that one member, a layman, voted against the cindnlatt. The member merely abstained from votiug. Iu reference to Dr. Suiy tit’s apt oarauce and manner 1 ttle need be said. He is a pleasant looking gentleman of about thirty-eight, some what above tho medium height, sandy coin plexioned with an intellectual and scholarly face, genial and gentlemanly iu manner and bearing. Always modest and reverent, he is quick and alert in his faculties, ami would not permit an opponent t > gain au advantage over him because of a want of deUnitenesa in his own op iu ions. His intellect, considering its great activity, is siugularly clear and free*, mists. His language, even iu the rush of ex temporaneous speech, combine* felicity with exactness. Ho exhibited throughout remark able readiness in philosophic\\ distinctions and iu the choice of language. The personal im pression produced was altogether favorable. The examination was rapid iu it* progress, decisive and brilliant in itsconteuts. ' r. Blaino’a opposition to the coalition movement in Virginnia is sharply criticised »t Washington. Mr. Gorham editor of the Wash ington Republican, and formerly a strong Blaiue man, severely condemns his course as putting him in alliance with the Virginia bourbons, and iu hostility to political free dom. Mr. Gorham also ans.rti that the Mahone policy in Virgin ia is one which was modi lied to meat the express views of Presi den. Gartleld. Go this point Mr. Rlafne is the best authority.—Hartford Couraut. When the convicts in lire Stale Prison at Concord heard of the nomination of Butler they cheered enthusiastically, hut by a nor ▼ersion of the right of uuiversal suffrage, they are for the pr. sent dtbailed from voting, and their tupport can only be a moral one. Aa heretofore, money will be the main dependence for a nusier campaign.- Providouce Journal. It seems there are three comets traveling through the lieaveus together ou the same orbit. It is no wonder they huve been tele scoped.—Boston Globe. Henry Ward Beecher’s row broke into the grounds of a neighbor at Peepshiil and made havoc, which brought the neighbor to Mr. Beecher. "I wish you would keep your cow out of my shrubbery,” exclaimed the irate neighbor, to which Mr. Beecher replied, ’’And 1 wish you would keep your shrubberv out oi my cow; it spoils the milk.” The two afore sain neighbors are on speaking terms no more. —Detroit Post. Denis Kearney baa pooled issues with the Democracy and Ben Butler baa followed his example. Tho Democrats furnish the issues while Ivearuey and Butler take the pools.— Philadelphia Press. If General Butler had had to break into a ball u> yet. tho democratic 1 ommaiion as he did oiico. he would not have haggled about the campaign expenses. The general sees n« special fun and exciteiueut iu having a Domi nation given him as a matt, r of course.— Springfield Union. “It wiil be a Bishop without a church,” re marked a bystander as the bulletin of the B< ton Journal announced the nomination, guess not,” said a young man; “I think it w bo a Butler without a pantry.”—Rutland H aid An English paper says that “General Wo ly never drank a drop of liquor.” It is o$i» the pampered menials of ttu effete monarchy that can have wine from the start —Wash ington Republican.