frlbution over tbe entire field. The problem
was becoming a crave one. The field had
enlarged almost four fold within ten years,
but had there been litlleornoadvancein the
working force, or in the means at the dis
posal of the Board. This tong stand still
was due to various causes, amo g which
may he mentioned ’he reaction from the
special effort of 1830 and 1837; the impover
ishment of many of the larger givers in the
cities, who had suffered most deeply from
financial reverses;the withdrawal of Presby
terians in the S uthern States, and of some
of the constituents of the B nrd at the
JJorth, because of tire anti-slatery agitation;
the division of the Presbyterian Church into
two branches, iu l,s3\ amt the formal recog
nition by the Old School body of another
foreign missionary Board and lire increasing
demands of borne missionary work, in view
of foreign immigrants and tbe advance of
population into new regions to tbe west
ward. Amid so mauy distracting and un
favorable influences it was much for the
Board to have held its own.
It was low tide for two years more, with
little change in the situation, only a small
increase in the number of missionaries, till
the entire number amounted to 402, in
cluding 103 ordained missionaries,— eight
more than are now on the roils of the Board.
By the most rigid economy, and an expen
diture of only $207,000 in 1852, though $300
000, were urgently needed, the Board was
reported out of debt, wiih $035 iu tbe treas
ury)— iu part the result of special efforts
inaugurated at the annual meeting of the
Board in this city.
During this decade ewo new missions
ere instituted; one in Micronesia, to give
scope to missionary effort ;in the Sandwich
islands; and the other, the Arcot mission,
to enlarge work among the Tamil-speaking
people of India. This mission, however,
with the Amoy mission in China, was trans
ferred to the Board of the Reformed Church
in 1857, when that body ceased to work
through the American Board. The with
drawal of sixteen missionaries and the trans
fer of an average current expenditure of about
$12,000 a year made but little difference in
the field or in the expenses of the Board.
Seven churches, with nearly three hundred
membres were transferred. By the giving
up of the Amoy mission the American
Board lost its vantage-ground in China as
compared with other missionary' societies.
No mis-ion had greater promise, and none
has been more fruitful or made more sub
stantial progress, than this. The fact that
last May seven churches in the Amoy mis
sion* called pastors, with the pledge of their
support, is one of the most encouraging
signs attending missionary operations in the
Chinese Empire. The mission to the Jews,
which had bec-n begun iu 1832 by Mr.
SchaulUer, since known as the “venerable
Dr Sc hail flier,” was formally discontinued
in 1856, and the missionaries transferred to
the Armenian missions. Other societies
were ready to prosecute labor among the
Jews, and there seemed to he no probable
lack of effort in tlieir behalf. Missions
among the Choctaw aiul Cherokee Indians
discontinued in 1859 and ill I860, partly
in view of peculiar difficulties attending
w*k among them, and partly, too, because
those tribes had become so far Christianized
and civilized as to be no longer proper ob
jects of foreign missionary effort, in view of
the cla ms cf other portions of thh unevan
gelized world. For the same reason there
was a withdrawal in part of expenditure in
the Sandwich Islands, and a formal recog
nition of the Hawaiian kingdom as a Chris
tian nation. (1)
Steady and persistent efforts in India and
Ceylon were bringing in returns, but there
was nothing of special" moment to record m
tnose fields, save the action of the deputation
in 1855, in recalling the attention of the
missionaries to preaching in the native
languages rather than education as the
appointed means of saving men. In Africa,
there was no small sacrifice of life and money,
but as yet with no marked success.
But in Western Asia a great advance had
been made, and by the year 1860 the work had
nearly reached its present limits. Eleven
powerful revivals among the Nestorians had
set the seal of divine blessing on the labors
of Perkins, Stoddard, Miss Fisk, and others.
LiVing churches of Christ had been gathered
at Mosul and Diarbekir on the Tigris, at Sidou,
Beirut, Abeih, and other places in the Syrian
mission, and at various central points in Asia
Minor, and work was beginning among the
The number of missionaries, men and
women, was nineteen less in I860 than in
1850, but the loss had been made up by an
increase in the number of native preachers
and helpers. The average contributions to the
treasury had increased by nearly $90,000.
The Board had pushed its operations to the
extreme limits of its means, and sometimes,
following what seemed to be the manifest lead •
ings of Providence, had gone beyond them.
The increase in contributions did not keep
pace with the growing work ; still less did the
offers of service. It was becoming evident
that more reliance must be placed on native
agents and on the efforts of native Christians
to sustain their own institutions. The towns
and cities occupied in different parts of the
world had doubled during the decade, (from
134 to 269) ; the number of places in charge
of missionaries bad increased from 106 to 119,
and those in charge of native pastors and
preachers from 2S to 150. The lesson could
not be mistaken. Its conclusions were em
bodied in an Outline of Mission Policy from
the pen of Mr. Treat, and formally adopted by
the Prudential Committee in 1856, and reported
to the Board. It was the result of the logic of
events,—a study of missionary develpement
under the leadings of divine Providence.
The subsequent conduct of the missions of
the Board has been based largely oa the
principles set forth in this outline, though in
dividual missionaries differ in the degree and
thoroughness with which they observe them.
It was not that the methods formerly fol
lowed were wrong in the peculiar circum
stances amid which missions had been begun,
but, in the changed conditions of the work as
the result of progress, of experience, and a
wider observation, the time had come for a
revision of methods. The few hundreds and
thousands accessible at first had given place
to the millions. Christianity had gained a
prestige and influence that secured for it
attention as never before. Indeed, the time
was near when barriers to missionary opera
tions in all parts of the globe were to be
removed, and the due preparation must be
made. The population accessible to the
Board in 1860 was not less than ten millions,
(2) or sixty thousand to each ordained mis
sionary, and about twenty-six thousand to
each man and woman in this country engaged
in the foreign work.
l He Halt century ot the Board closed hope
fully. The debt of $66,000, reported in 1859,
was removed in grateful recognition of the
divine blessing, and just in time, before the
strain and trial incident to the great civil war.
The little group of eight who composed the
first missionary company were represented by
1,257 men and women that had been distrib
uted through twenty-six different missions in
all portions of the globe. One hundred and
sixty-two churches in which 55,000 members
had been enrolled, an average of over 1,000 a
year, attested the presence and blessing of
the Holy Spirit. Thousands and tens of
thousands of children had been gathered into
schools. Fifty millions of pages, in over
forty different languages, were annually issued
from the press, including the Scriptures entire
or in portions. There was good refs in for
observing the jubilee of 1860.
The decade from 1860 to 1870 was one of
steady enlargement of existing missions, with
but little other change. The number of towns
and cities occupied increased from 269 in 1860
to 632 in 1870. As the number of missionaries
had fallen off from 376 to 351, and of or
dained missionaries from 160 to 113, the en
largement of operations was due to the in
crease of native agents. The income of the
Board had been sustained with singular fidelity
during the war. For five years out of the ten,
a small surplus was reported in the treasury.
The great embarrassment was the inability to
secure new missionaries. For six years only
twenty-three new laborers were sent forth,
and the missionary start' was reduced in 1866
to 312, but rose again to 351. The number
of missionaries reported in 1852 was not
reached again for nearly thirty years. The
field had been enlarging ass never before.
China was so effectually opened by the war of
1860 and subsequent treaties that Dr.Blodget.of
Peking, wrote in 1866, “I know of nothing to
hinder young men from going two by two to
towns, cities and villages throughout the
whole country, preaching the gospel and dis
tributing the Word of God to all the people."
The day looked forward to by the patient
Bridgman had come. His eyes had seen it,
and the burden resting on his heart found ex
pression in bis dying soliloquy, “Will the
churches sustain the mission r" In keeping
with the new opportunity, Mr. Treat in 1867
urged upon the churches the special obliga
tion to evangelize the Chinese Empire. Al
luding to the efforts put forth in our great
war, just ended, he closed one of his most fin
ished psragtaphs with the words, “Doing
(bi .Uriel. GO COO; Western Asia, 1,200,000- Ma
ruthafi.ld 13 0,000: M do.ra, 1,200,000 China
BOO," in ; 8 Ad li h elands, luO.OOO; North \mer
icau Indian., 7b,OvO.
[9> Ssta quant ivei ta I ave shown that, though a
relaiireiy a ger 1 r p rt on ot the population was
enr l ed I- tUemem nrs lp of the churches than Is
to be fount In tn-n-t Chris inn countries, sufficient
time had rot elapsedin* t-eir discipline aud growth
In morel hi d »,.clal Ch 1 lian character to be left
to themselves, or without the watch and care of
those whose character had been the product of
Christian institutions which were the slow growth
of ceil uries.
(2) In Africa, GO,000; Western Asia,4 000 000 ■
in the Alaru'.ha mis.-ion, 4,000,000; in Madura’
1,200.000; in Chha, GOO,000; in the Sandwich
Islands, 100,000; among the North American
great things for the heathen has ceased to be a
question of power; henceforth it is simply a
question of will.”
In the meanwhile Japan w as opening. A
special messenger to the churches of this coun
try appeared in the person of Joseph Neesima,
sent, not of men, nor by men, but manifestly
of God. His earnest pleading during one of
his college vacations, “Send missionaries to
my country ! Send missionaries to my coun
try ! rung in the ears of the Foreign Secreta
ry, and in 1869 the Hoard formally appointed
the son of u former Secretary to that interest
ing field. The decade closed with enlarge
ment lor China, and the preparation for the
new work in Japan.
The accessible population was at least
threefold greater at the close of the decade
than at its beginning; but there had been no
enlargement of the missionary forces. Singu
larly enough, for four years the number of men
in the service remained at the same figure.
We seemed to have reached the limit of mis
sionary strength; but there had been enlarge
ment in the direction of the native agency, and
the range of Christian influence was steadily
The year 1870 was a memorable one in the
history of the Board in consequence of the
withdrawal of the great body of
the Now School Presbyterian portion of
its constituency,. The outlook was , not
hopeful. The year closed with a debt of
over $22,000, and with a prospective loss of
what proved to be from one fourth to one
third of its pecuniary support, while still by
far the greater number of its mission fields re
mained on its hands The portion transferred
included but a small fraction of the popula
tion then accessible, but it covered iields of
great popular interest, especially the Syria
and the Nestorian missions, precious in the
memories of past years, and in the lives and
labors of some of the noblest and worthiest
It was fitting that the meeting of the Board
in 18/1 should be held at Salem, as one of the
early centers of missionary effort and interest;
as the place, too, from which the first mission
aries set sail to the foreign field. It was with
some little misgiving that the friends of the
Board came together. They knew' that many
who had shared with them in the discussions
and privileges and Christian fellowships of
the Annual Meetings would not be present,
and there was some fear that the meeting
would be comparatively thinly attended m
consequence. But there wras an unexpected
rally from all quarters, and the meeting of
1871 was the largest ever held up to that time,
with the single exception of the Jubilee
Meeting of 1860, at Boston.
ihe manner in which the constituency of
the Board thus rallied to its support was very
cheering,—something magnificent. They guve
all that was asked for the added burdens
of the work, and reduced the legacy of debt
by over $18,000. The next year the remain
der ot the debt was cleared off, and over
$10,000 reported in the treasury at the close
of the year 1872. In these circumstances the
work in Papal lands was entered on with vig
or. I he missionary staff was increased from
123 ordained missionaries in 1871, to 152 in
1874, and thirty-six new places were occu
pied by native preachers. But the next four
years were years of trial; of encouragement
abroad, but of discouragement at horned The
limit of home effort seemed to have been
reached again ; no increase in the receipts of
the Board, despite the most urgent appeals
from the missions, and the most faithful rep
resentations ol the .Prudential Committee, set
forth with all the clearness, force, and elo
quence which characterized the productions
of Secretary Treat. The field abroad was
enlarging on every hand. Over 100 new cen
ters of influence (from 493 to COS) had been
occupied within the seven years; the number
of pupils in high schools and seminaries had
more than doubled (686 to 1,482), and sixty
per cent, more members in the churches. Fifty
per cent, more pupils were to be found in the
common schools (13,583 to 23,631). The
number of native pastors and preachers had
been increased by over 10* (523 to 618), and
hundreds more were needed in new places.
This was the growth of seven years,—a growth
that quite overran the ordinary annual re
ceipts ; and so debt was reported year after
year, relieved in part by the generous offer
ings of friends at Chicago in 1875, and then
again, as by special inspiration from the Head
of the Church, at Providence, in 1877. But
it would not stay relieved. The cry of the
perishing sounded in our ears. The men at
the front, who had given their lives to this
work, were crippled in their efforts, almost
despairing. The dark days of 1837 seemed to
be coming back. One veteran, who had
marched with Sherman to the sea. conmlained
oi the waste ot men and effort and opportu
nity, if, on going into action, he was to have
but a single round of ammunition, when his
old leader never thought of his going in with
less than sixty'. Tnese cries and pleadings
came to the Missionary House, and in the ef
fort to meet them the' result was debt, and
then retrenchment. There was no help for it.
The new work in Papal lands was cut down
to the lowest figure. Men and women in the
older fields were left sfcort of means.
Needed school buildings and even com
fortable houses for missionaries must
wait. Native agents, on whom years
of labor had been spent, and on whom 'so
much dependod to take up and carry
forward the work begun, must be dismissed
and left to go into secular pursuits. The sum
of $100,000 a year more than the average
receipts was required. But the triends who
had again and again come to the rescue, were
beginning to complain, and there was no alter
native but to cut down appropriations and
reduce the scale of expenditures, cost what it
might; and it was done,—done, with what
result need not be here repeated. But in the
darkest hour the prayers of many were heard,
and deliverance came through the Otis legacy.
The cable conveyed the glad message, and
there was new hope and joy and thanksgiving
in every station round the globe. A more’
signal instance of divine interposition in
behalf of Christian work is not recorded in
the annals of the church. The Lord would
relieve his people, and beckon them to
grander enterprises. The first duty of the
Prudential Committee—the relief of the in
stant distress—had been attended to. The
next was the supply' of long-deferred necessi
ties, in order to put the different missions in
the best possible working order; and lastly,
some new enterprise to meet the popular ex
pectation of enlargement, especially in the di
rection of China and Africa. The practical
impossibility of making the Christian public
aware of the real distress which the Board had
suffered, or of the demands of existing mis
sions, became only the more obvious by calls
to establish missions in Jamaica, Cuba, Brazil,
Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Guatemala, New
Zealand, Belgium, Franee, Portugal, and,
more recently, in remote provinces «f China,
and in Corea, not to speak of new outlay in
the old fields. Yet no new work has been at
tempted save on a limited scale in Africa, and
according to a long-cherished plan, in the
province to the west of that already occupied
in North China. By such forbearance against
the most urgent representations of some of
their friends, the Committee feel that they
have justly earned the right to be called
The field now in charge of the Board is so
large, and its demands are so great, that the
utmost prudence and carefulness have been
necessary to moderate undue expectations ut
home as well as abroad, and not to spend a
dollar except for the best missionary reasons.
No increase of salerjes has been asked, or
granted, save for the same reasons as would
have been decisive four years ago, though mis
sionaries then sometimes forebare to ask whit
they really needed for tl eir health and the
welfare of their families. Not a school bilua
ing has been erected, or aid given towards one,
or lor church building, except where the need
seemed imperative. Indeed, if there has been
any difference, greater scrutiny hag been had
and greater care shown in the use of fund
It has been the hope of the Committee that a
wise and careful use of the great bequest
would enable the Board to meet the deferred
wants ot the missions, supply the current
needs of heathful growth ft r a few years,
while the churches, recognizing this singular
interposition in their behalf, and the plan of
the Committee to turn it to the best possible
account, would so increase their contributions
as to be ready to take up and carry forward
the enlarged und constantly enlarging work.
Thus far their hope has iiot been realized!
The Committee feel, therefore, that it is due
to themselves, due to the churches, due to the
cause, and due to the leadings of divine Prov
idence that a careful exhibit of the actual sit
uation should be presented.
In 1870, by tr.e great increase, especially in
China, the population accessible mid looking
to the American Board for the gospel could
not be estimated at less than 30,000,000, (1)
or over 200,000 souls to each ordained mis
sionary. The withdrawal of the Presby
terians diminished the entire iield by
perhaps half a million, and thus added to
the quma of each missionary remaining with
the old Board.
Iu 1870 was added the mission in Japan;
and, two years later, missions in Papal lands ;
and, more recently, new fields opening in Cen
tral Africa and China, till the aggregate popu
lation now dependent on this Board and ac
cessible to its missionaries—as much so as the
non-evangelical, non-church-goiug portion of
the population of the United States—cannot
be reckoned at less than 100,000,000 or be
tween 000,000 and 700,000 for euch ordained
Such is the immense field that is prac
tically dependent, not on all the Christian
denominations of this country, as is the
great home missionary field, but on the con
stituency of the American Board. It is a
grand inheritance of Christian work, a sub
lime trust from the Head of the Church.
Different portions of the field have been occu
pied in past years as the way opened, and
according to opportunities, till, within the
last twenty years, all barriers have gone
down, and the whole field lies open, invit
ing us to come in and take possession in the
name of the Lord of Hosts. While the one
supreme object of developing self-sustain
ing, self-governing, and self-propagating
churches of Christ is kept steadily in view,
no uniform method can be followed in the
matter of details. No two fields are alto
gether alike, and the differences must be re •
garded in carrying out the general plan. T e
Indian tribes and the people of the .Sand
wich Islands required a large and instant
outlay of men and means, it they were to be
saved from extinction. An ordained mis
sionary to every three thousand souIb, and
as many more lay teachers, were necessary
to the object in view, and the results amply
justify the expenditure. So Ceylon wa
early occupied in force, and methods intro
dueed there were admissible when only
small population was accessible. At a late
day a larger force was thrown into West
ern Asiu to revive the faith of the Oriental
churches, with the ultimate aim of reaching
through them the Moslem population of the
Turkish Empire, till the number of ordained
missionaries amounted to one for every 100,
000 of the adherents to the nominal churches ;
or, including the entire population, one mis
sionary to every 400,000. There seems to
be no occasion to change the plan of op
erations thus begun in the Turkish Empire.
It has been a success. New life has been in
troduced ; thousands have been gathered into
living churches of Christ; the Scriptures are
in the bauds of the people, in languages that
they can read und understand; schools of
every grade, from colleges and seminaries
and high schools down to common schools
for both sexes, have been established,
their support would now be largely left to
the people were it not for the poverty and
wretchedness consequent on an oppressive
government. Important reforms of hardiv
less value to the end in view have been in
stituted m the old churches and already
tens ol thousands of copies of the Scrip
tures are ill the hands of the Moslems. The
leaven of the gospel is doing its work, and
there is no occasion to enlarge, but only to
keep up for a time longer, the missionary
orce now in the field, to aid and encourage
the native churches in the completion of the
Fassing to India, we find one missionary to
3.>0,000 in the Maratba mission, one to
166.000 in the Madura mission, and one to
40.000 in Ceylon. In the latter field, unex
pectedly restricted by the coming in of other
societies, the supply is ample, and the work is
so far advanced that little more is necessary
hereafter than to aid in the support of educa
tional institutions fitted to supply an adequate
native agency. The Madura mission presents
the most satisfactory exampie, in a purely
heathen field, of a work well in hand and fairly
supplied with missionaries : twelve men to a
field embracing about 8.000 square miles, with
a population of 2,000,000. Though the mission
in 18o0 begged for a large increase in working
force, so as to have one ordained missionary
to every titty tnousand souls, the number has
remained practically unchanged, and by its
steady growth and prosperous condition
presents one of the most interesting studies in
the whole field.
lhe twelve missionaries have the immediate
charge of 228 towns and villages, in which
religious services are regularly held, assisted
by 170 native pastors, preachers, and Bible
readers, by 31 teachers, male and female, in 13
high schools and seminaries, and 186 teachers
m the 160 common schools. The thirty-three
churches have a membership of 2,591, and the
schools of all grades have over four thousand
pupils. Five devoted w omen from this country
represent Woman g Boards. Medical work is
well cared for by Dr. Chester and Mrs. Capron,
in addition to other missionary labor. The
press is not neglected, nor any or the agencies
best fitted to evangelize the population. The
steady and healthful growth of the work
in this field, the advance of the natives in
efforts to sustain their own churches and
schools, and the respect and regal'd shown to
missionaries by all classes, the growiug con
viction that Christianity is to prevail, alf com
mend the methods here used for imitation in
oilier mission fields of like grade, as in India
On this basis, the number of ordained mis
sionaries in the Maratha lield should be raised
from 12 to 25; in the Foochow mission, from
4 to 36; in North China, from 15 to 75 ; in
Shanse and the regions beyond, from 4 to
120 ; in Africa, from 13 to 65; in Japan, in
view of the civilization and activity of the
people, it might be enough to double the
present number, or increase it from 14 to 28.
No change wsuld be suggested in the Turkish
missions, where this method is generally ob
served, as at llarpoot, Cesarea, and other cen
ters, nor in Micronesia, nor among the North
American Indians. In Fapal lands, six new
men, for the proper training of native evange
lists, would probably suffice.
On this general plan, therefore, of three
ordained missionaries to half a million of the
unevangelized in the principal mission fields
of the Board, one man to 300,000 in Japan,
and one to 750,000 or 1,000,000 in Papallands,
there is need of not less than 300 ordained
missionaries in addition to the present force.
Add to this number 25 thoroughly trained
Christian physicians, 25 laymen in various
i apacities, and 200 devoted Christian women
and we might hope, in the light of past experi
ence,.to meet the urgent demands of our
portion of the field. In short, we need to
treble our present working force in order to
the early evangelization of such part of the
world as has been left to the constituency of
this Board. This would mean a missionary
force of 450 ordained missionaries, 75 physi
cians and laymen, and 300 to 350 unmarried
m omen for teachers and special evangelistic
efforts among their own sex. Supposing the
men to go out married, and we have an aggie
gate of nearly 1,400 men and women devoted
to this service. This would give but one
ordained missionary to every 220,000 on the
average for the entire field. To supply means
for carrying forward the work on this enlarged
scale, including expenses Tor Christian educa
tion, for a Christian literature, and for such
assistance as may be necessary till the rising
Christian communities can care for themselves,
in addition to salaries and buildings for the
accommodation of missionaries, would require
an annual outlay of not less than $2,006,000,
or one half as much as is spent on education
in the single city New Yrk.
The constituency of the Board have a rpght
to our best judgement on the necess ties
of the work intrusted by them to our care,
and it is not less our duty to the perishing
millions, accessible and turning to us for the
bread of life, to speak in their behalf. “But,”
it may be said, “it is quite impossible to meet
such a call.” “Impossible" is not a good
word for Christians, especially American
Christians, to use. It does not sound well here
in uiew of what have might been had the work
gone on from 1836 to the present time as during
the twenty years previous, nor does it sound
well in view of the growth and wealth of the
churches that act through the Board. Would
that there were something of the spirit that
animated David Livingstone and his father
in that humble Scotch home, as they talked of
the good time coming, when men of wealth
would go abroad at their own charges, or,
failing of that, would send their sons!
OUR PRESENT FORCE.
Let us now take account of the force at
present actually in the field. After deduct
ing those who ate disabled by reason of age
or infirmity, and those who are as yet unac -
quainted with the languages required, we
shall find not more than one hundred and
forty effective men. Add to these twenty mis
sionary physicians and other laymen, one
hundred unmarried women, devoted to schools
and other work, and the wives of missionaries,
most of wham are doing valuable service, and
we have about 100 men and women as the ac
tual working force, to whom is committed
the evangelization of u popnlation twice as
large as is to be found in these United States.
In this country we have one evangelical min
ister to every seven hundred of the population;
and for home missionary purposes we may
sav that one ordained missionary is required
for every thousand, though we are not sure
that our home missionary societies would ac
cept ot so many for each of their missionaries.
Hut it is idle to think of sending men to sup
ply the need abroad in any such proportion.
It is deemed enough to assign three ordained
missionaries with their wives, and two single
ladies, with possibly a missionary physician
to over 500,000 souls. This proportion,—
three orduined missionaries to 500,000 in the
foreign field and one to 1,000 in the home
field,—markes the difference between the two
fields, and shows the possibility of evangeliz
ing the world through fhe efforts of the
churches of this generation.
With our present missionary force, or with
any lorce we can command, it is obvious that
great expenditures are necessary for training
schools and seminaries, that well-instructed
preachers and teachers niay be put into tne
held. As education advances, a Christum
literature must supply the demand of the
growing intelligence. The church edifice is
as necessary in the foreign as in the home
field. Indeed, every plea made for the various
inteiests of the home work, for men and
women of ability, tact, and true consecration j
every plea for colleges and semenaries, for
Christian literature and chuech building, are
equally aplicable to the foreign fiedd, only in
tensified by the utter lack of the thousand
elevating influences of centuries of Christian
civilization. Every word of Carl Schruz and
George William Curtis, at the recent Com
(1) Afr.ca, 300,000; Western Asia -t.OOO.Ot 0 Indie
tl,000,000; China, 20,000,000; other Adds ns.Mi.ro
ueaia and North American Indians, too ooo
(2) China, 40,000,000; Japan, 8^000 000- In.l -i
0,000,000; Western Asia and European Triikev
26,000,000; Austria, 0,000,000; Spain n oooiirun
Mexico, 2,000,000; Africa, 10,1*00,000 ’ Vlie’rane
s'a, North American Indians, 200,000.
menccments of Harvard and Brown, as to tlie
-ewC?;tedmCn t0 the welfare of
the State, might have been uttered with as
stringent logic and as brilliant eloquence at
Constantinople, Bombay, or Peking ; only we
limply Secular? e(lucat'on Christ!, mid not
The simple fact that so large a sum is re
quircd ns we are now expending—about
$650,000 a year,-when the numbef' of or
dained m.ssionanes is no larger than it was
thirty years ago, when the expenditure was
only $257,0»0, is explained by the changes
in methods ol labor. The number of native
agents is three times larger to-day than then
now 857, exclusive of more than 1,900 Jach-'
ers. The number of out-stations in charge of
native preachers in 18*2, was 15; now it is
708. ihe number of schools and seminaries
has gone up from 17 to 101; of „UpUs in
them, from 969 to 3,898. The drift of mis
sionary expenditure is in the directions thus
*, fj: .If !nen to be had from this
countrj, it is clear that more regard must be
It is rf19mg Up f’1 l tfi'-e,u force abroad.
n - L uir/0? taUgh‘ US b-v th<i experience
of the last forty years; by the fact that so
few young men in our colleges and seminaries,
ton t!!8 °Waid t0 the “‘““try; enforced
too, by the urgent appeals for men to enter
the home held. lor the most of us, the only
thing we can do IS to give ef our means, not
only to aid those who go abroad, but for the
education and support of native co-laborers
bo we become laborers togeather in
the common cause. Certainly, if the
present generation of the unevangelized is to
hear the gospel message, it can only be by
such united effort. 1 3
i he method is not less the dictate of a
wise economy. The average annual expense
of a mission family, including outfit, travel,
and dweUing-bouse, built or hired, expenses
tor children, for returns to this country from
failure of health and other causes, is sulficieut
when the proper institutions have been pro
vided, to educate not less than forty young
men or young women u year, und thus pre
pare them to become teachers and preachers
to their ewn people; or it will supply such
grants in aid as may be wisely used in help
ing put forty native laborers into the field, till
such time as they may receive their support
from their own people.' Thoughtful friends of
missions are beginning to realize the situation,
tine of these, Mr. William C. Jones, of War
rington, England, a few years since placed
$275,008 in the hands of the Church Mis
sionary Society of England, for a native
agency in India, and has recently added
$300,000 for like work in China and Japan.
"ls. trample may well he eemmended to
Christian men posseesed of wealth in this
country. The income of $500,000 is needed
at once for a native agency, in charge of mis- •
sionaries of the American Board, in Japan
and China; as much more for the Turkish
missions; as much more for India and Papal
lands, not to speak of Africa.
An urgent call has already come from North
China for the establishment of a Christian
college at Tientsin. The Oberlin Band are
relying on another Oberlin in the new field of
hhanse. Colleges in Ceylon and Turkey, the
outgrowth of our mission work, and a dozen
theological seminaries in different parts of the
woild, arc pleading for more funds to improve
the great opportunity. Here are calls, on the
instant, for from two and a half to three mil
lions ot dollars to be devoted to higher
Chnstian education, to the training of young
men and young women to labor among their
ow n people. . I he Zulu mission, in South
Africa, asks for an enlargement and equip
ment oi the seminary at Adams, to raise up
native evangelists for Central Africa; and the
time has come when the work in Papal lands,
no longer an experiment but an assured suc
.calls ^or largc *• sums, not only for
Christian education, but for building purposes
as well,—$50,000 for Spain, $30,000 for Aus
tua, and $50,0 0d for Mexico. At some im
portant centers, like Constantinople and
Bombay, where expenses arc much the same
as in our own cities, it is difficult, if rot im
possible, for the Christian communities to
provide themselves with suitable buildings for
worship or for education, such as should not
only supply urgent wants, but give character
and a sense of permanoncc to the
work begun. For thirty years Constantino
ple has waited for a church building to be a
centre of church life at the capital, but the
native Christians have not yet felt able to
erect it, nor has the Board had funds at its
disposal lor such an enterprise, though at the
\ery heart of its operations for the evangeliza
tion of an empire. But why set forth these
pressing wants, when there is so little pros
pect of their being supplied? It is to give the
constituency of the Board some just idea of
vhe great work in which they are engaged, its
vast opportunities, and the sublime* privilege
that is open to us as to no other people and to
no other generation, to make wise use of our
stewardship in the promotion of the kingdom,
of our Lord upon the earth.
Are any motives required to lead the con
stituency ot this Board to greater effort in
keeping with the great opportunity? We
point to the Author and Finisher of our faith,
who, lor the joy set before him in his sacri
fice tor the world’s redemption, endured the
cross, despising the shame. We appeal to
every generous sentiment of gratitude and of
loyalty to him who hath done all things for
us, and bids us go forward in his serviee. If
results are needed to strengthen our faith in
the ultimate success of our labors, we point to
the wondrous growth of modern missions
during the last fifty years, or coming nearer
home, to the singular blessing of God on the
work of this Board during the last twelve
years; the splendid development of woman’s
work at home and abroad; to two hundred
more towns and cities occupied by preachers of
the gospel; to twice as many children and
youth in mission schools; four times as many
high schools and seminaries, and five times as
many pupils in them ; to more than twice as
many members enrolled in mission churches,
and three times—perhaps four times—as much
given by the native communities for Christian
education and the support of their own insti
tutions. No other twelve years of our histo
ry, have such a record of progress, or so much
to encourage us to write anew on our banners,
“LARGE DESIGNS, VIGOROUS ACTION, DEPEND
ENCE upon God.”
Was it by accident that the last stanza ever
penned by the world’s poet, Portland’s gifted
son, was antieipative of the coming glory ?
“O bells of San Bias, in vain
Ye call back the Past again.
The Past is deaf to your prayer!
Out of the shadows of night
'J lie world rolls into light;
It is daybreak everywhere." (l)
(l) Longfellow, Atlantic Monthly, July, 1882.
Dr. Clark’s paper was referred to the fol
Rev. L. T. Chamberlain, I). D., Norwich, Conn.
Hon. Wni. B. Washbunie, Greenfield. Mass.
Z. Stiles. Ely, Esq., New York.
Rev. J. W. Hough, I>. D., Jackson, Mich.
Rev. W. M. Baroonr, D. D., New Haven, Conn.
D, D., Augusta, Me.
C. F. lliompson, Esq., Brattleboro, Vt.
united in singing a hymn.
At the conclusion of the report of Dr. Clark
on the work and its need, the audience sung
“The whole wide world for Jesus,” as the
Rev. R. S. Storrs, D. D., of Brooklyn, came
forward to the platform. He spoke upon the
great themes of the report. He was greeted
with enthusiastic applause.
He made a complimentary allusion to the
sermon of Dr. Goodwin, and endulged in some
general criticism of sermons in our day, tlie
audience evidently much enjoying his remarks.
The great need, in order to meet the splendid
missionary opportunities of the immediate
future, he thought to be a great Christian
io awaken th is, it is of no use to set forth
the mere evident advantages of Christianity;
we need to measure the great, high, and deep
pnrposes of a real religion, of such a religion
as could call forth the life worthy of a Judson,
a Harriet Newell, a Livingstone, and other
such heroic souls.
The great and stirring words of Dr. Storrs,
were most appropriate to the theme of the
hour, and reached the highest dergee of
eloquence. Nothing so far in the meeting has
begun to move the audience like this address.
They felt that here, for once, a great soul and
a great theme were well matched.
Dr. Means read the following response, to
the greetings from Illinois' which were
adopted by the Board.
The American Board assembled at its
seventy-third annual meeting at Portland,
gratefully acknowledges the greetings coming
by telegraph from the Chicago Association.
It heartily responds to their words of cheer,
and desires anew to place itself in all its
work, under the leadership and supremacy
of the Holy Ghost uttered und emphasized by
one of the members of the Chicago Associa
tion in the sermon last evening
ltev.F, D. Ayer of Concord, N. II., Chair
man of the Committee on Nominations, re
ported the following committees
Rav. H. W. .Jones of Vermont
uly' «ev ft R Dover, N. H.
Rev. 8. E Herrick, D. D., Boston
Rev. W. H. Fenn, Portia,id.
I)ea. A. E. Bourne. BaBgnr, Me
Rev. Frank Russell, MamfieJd O
Benj. Douglass, E-.q., Middletown, Conn.
WEST CENTRAL AFRICAN MISSION.
Rov. 8. G. Willard, Colchester Conu
Rev. O. H. White, D. D„ New YV?k'
Z. Stiles Ely, Esq.. New York
ft*vr. Fairbanks, Vermont.
A. E. Williston, Esq., Northampton.
^Rev. Benj. Tappan, D. D , Norridgswock,
Rev. J. K. Mason, D. D , Fryeburg, Me.
KUUOFKAN TURKEY MISSION.
Rev. E. H. Byiugton, Monson, Mass.
VVoodbury 8. Dana Esq.. Portland, Me.
}\Z T ' S' D- Sherbrook, Q.
Uov. Wm. T. Sleeper, Worcester, Mass.
1W UH>1Q.0 u ’ "'>rcester, Mass.
Kcot S\ r- Blelcher, Auburn, Me.
Kev- Edward ltobie, I). D„ Greenland, N. H.
WESTERN TURKEY MISSION.
rZ nW,“B,Ii* D D - Middlebury, Vt.
p»I'!.VbS" Laurie, Providence, B. I.
Conn L®°uarii w- Bacon, D. D., Norwich,
WiUlau, E. Dodge, New York City.
a li ilrM P<'xt*r> U D , Boston, M iss.
S'' Em»sla?. Esq., New York.
Conn W Thompson, D. I)., Hartford,
A S' D ■ Grinneil, iowa
A. H. Plumb, D. D., Boston, Mass.
CENTRA!. AND EASTERN TURKEY MISSIONS.
viUe,VM^E “erriman- U D ■ Somer
w B,anKus' Rockville, Conn.
(:“■ Wee . Esq , Cincinnati O.
iron' S' Eorter, Lsxingtou, Mass.
Hon. Charles T. Russell Boston Mass.
R^; Albert Bryant, Dakota.
J. R. Delano, Eiq , East JIardwicb, Vt.
Rev. Samuel Wolcott, D. D., Cleveland, O.
R®I; •Jonathan E. Adams, Bangor, Me.
t 2Pe* Vermont.
Seth H. 8 he I don, Cleveland, O.
la-ev. G. H. Da Zeroise, Loomtoster. Mas?..
Hon. John W. Noyes, New Hampshire.
MADURA AND CEYLON MISSIONS.
Hey. Win. HI. Brooks, D. D., Iowa
Rev. G. W, Phillips, Mass.
Hon. Geo. B. Barrows, Fryeburg, Me.
Rev. G. B. Sutmier, Mass.
Jericho Centre, N. Y.
Rev. CUas. B. RJce, Dauvers, Mas>.
I rank Wood, Esq., Boston, Mass.
FOOCHOW, NORTH CHINA AND SHANSK MISSIONS.
Rev. A. E. P. Perkius, Ware, Mass.
Rev. John S. Sewell, D.D., Bangor, Me
Rowland Mather, Esq., Conn.
Hon. Nathan W. Tatis, Boston.
Rev. 0. B Hurlburt, D.D., Eyndonville, Vt.
Hou. W. W. Thomas, Portland, Me.
Rev. E. Y. Hoicks, Andover, Mass.
J^'r- [^eiL.Paine, I). D., Bangor, Mo.
Key. E. W. Gilman, Now York City.
D. D. Stratton, Esq., Melrose, Mass.
Rev. E. W. Bacon, New Haven, Conn.
R. L. Day, Esq., Boston, Mass.
Prof. Henry L. Chapman, Brunswick, Me.
It8v. Erastus Blakesiee, Westlield, Mass.
MICRONESI AN MISSION.
Hon. William Hyde, Ware, Mass.
Rev. Charles R. Palmer, Bridgeport, Conn
Rev. F. E. Shaw, Eist Michigan.
Rev. Burdett Hart, Connecticut.
S. B. Pratt, Esq , Boston, Mass.
Rev. Qaincey Blakesley, Oomptou, N. H.
Rev. Jasop Torrey, D.D , Yarmouth, Me.
MEXICO AND SPANISH MISSIONS.
Rev. John E. ToJ.i, D. Now Hiveu
Prof. David N. Gamp, Conn.
Rev. H. L. Griilia, Bangor, Me.
Rev. E. P. Tliwlug, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Rev. E>mau S. liowlaud, L^e, Mass.
Joseph Jj. Partridge, Esq.
Rev. E. U. Richardson, New Britain, Conn.
Rev. H. M. Storrs, New York.
Rev. G. E. Weitzel. Conn,
Hon. Wm. J. Phelps, Elmwood, III.
Rev. H. E. Barnes, Masi.
Nelson Kingsbury, Esq., Coun.
Roy. C. J. Hill, Conn.
Rev. E. G. Selden, New Hampshire.
Rev. J. W. Welluian, D. II , Malden, Mail.
Rev. A. C. Hurd, Taftville, Conn.
George V. Davis, Esq , Newton Center,
Mass^ ^‘3*£9> ^I- D., Nawburyport,
Rei. Calvin Catler, Anbutudale, Mass.
ON PLACEANl) PREACHERS.
Rev. A. H. Quint, Dover, N. H.
Philo Parsons, Eiq., Detroit, Midi.
Rev. J. G. S. Buckingham, Springfield,
Rev. E. H. Packard, Dorchester, Mass.
D. W. Fairbanks, Jacksonville, JII.
Rev. F. R. Abbe, Bostou, Mass.
Rev. J. W. Hubbell, Danbury, Conn.
The Recording Secretary repeated the names
of tho committees, and appointed different lo
cations in the ball where they could meet and
The Board took a recess until afternoon.
The Horning Overflow.
There was an overflow meeting held at The
Payson Memorial Church—Rev. Dr. Thomp
son presided. The exercises were opened
with prayer by Rev. Dr. Freeland of Detroit.
An address was made by Rev, Mr. Park for
merly stationed at Bombay. He described the
general state of mind among the educated
classts to be that of unrest. Many conform
to the rites and formalities of their native re
ligion who are utterly sceptical as to their
value. The prospect for the spread of Chris
tianity is encouraging. Rev. Mr. Schaufl'er of
the Austrian mission followed iu a brief and
earnest address, speaking of the difficulties
and persecutions encountered in the work,
and touching upon the method employed,
which is not that of antagonizing the Catho
lic church but rather of presenting the pure
truth. He gave ^an illustration of official
persecution and made an appeal for sympathy
and prayers Rev. Mr. Clark of the Bulgarian
Mission who was ordained in this city twen
ty-three years ago spoke of the pleasure it
gave him to return to the fathers, of the close
ness of the missionary ties contrary to the pop
ular impression the Bulgarians are not Turks.
There is no sympathy between them, no rela
tionship between the languages. They are
very much like the Yankees in temperament,
character and appearance. When Mr. Clark
went there twenty-three years ago he found
that the Bulgarian scriptures had been largely
distributed. There was great eagerness to
obtain these Testaments not on account of
any spiritual interest but because they loved
to seethe characters of their hative tongue.
They dislike to be spoken of as belonging to
the Greek Church.
Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. Barrows
formerly of the Turkish Mission. Two verses
ofthe 1248th hymn were then sung after
which the closing address was made by Rev.
Mr. Atkinson who has recently returned from
Japan. The speaker said that nine years
ago be found on going to Japan intense op
position to Christian religion. A prominent
ofiicial said that they would oppose it as they
would resist an armed force. Japan has been
turned upside down and now the idea pre
vails that Christianity ia all conquering and
toat Japan is to be u Christian nation. He
spoke of what had been accomplished by
Tapanese educated in their country, and
described the course of study at Kioto. Japan
has sent its Hotter to this country and China
its scum, though the Chinese are probably
not as bad as the news papers make them out.
The session opened by singing Hymn 13.
“Come Thou long expected Jesus'*
l)i. Moans read the following telegram. The
Board directed that a response should be re
Briiiqewateu, N. Y., Oct. 4.
Oneidu, Chenago and Delaware Association
send greetings, pledges, affection, loyalty and
Rev. James Chambers, Moderator.
It was announced that an overflow meeting
would be held in the Second Parish church,
Rev. Mr. Scudder presiding.
Rev. A, J. F. Behrends, I). D., of Provi
dence, R. I., Chairman of tho Committee on
Dr. Alden’s paper on the Home Department
mdae a report.
Your committee, to whom was referred the
report of .qe Society sf the Home Depart
ment, have endeavored to consider the matters
submitted to their attention, and unite in the
The friends of missions have reason to rs
joice that the year has closed with a small
balance in the treasury; but our joy is modi
fied by the disclosure that such a result a re
sult has been attained only by the practice of
the most rigid economy, and by the timely re
lief afforded this year, ns in previous years,
by the Otis bequest. Had it not been for the
ready two hundred thousand dollars received
during the year from the source named, our
missions must have greatly and seriouslp suf
fered, as the increase of contributions so re
peatedly asked for, and so urgently needed,
has not been obtained.
The report relered to the grutifying increase
of contributions, reported from the interior
states, being §17,000 in advance of last year,
to the immediate need of a large increase of
annual gifts, for enlarged evangelistic and
educational work, made necessary by the
donation of the funds from the Otis bequest,
set apart to these purposes, to the wise policy
of missionnsy administration is to avoid the
incurring of debts, that a reliance a large
bequests, either past or projective is demoral
izing and dangerous, better u great many
gentle and refreshing showeis than one
tremendous flood, though the fiood is more
than welcome when the shower fails. The
report referres to the financial ability we have.
The committee were not prepared to recom
mend the suggestion of a new organization
in reference to educational purposes. They
press the increased circulation of the Miss
ionary Herald and the use of maps and leaf
lvts-—refer to more circulated and systematic
effort to unite all the membership of the
church in the work of missions, und of need
of the leadership of the ministry, baptised
with the Holy Ghost and with fire'.
Remarks were added by Rev. Edward S.
Park, D. D., of Audover, Mass., Rev. ,T. B,
Clark, Secretary of the Massachusetts Home
Missionary Society, Boston, the Rev. 0. D.
Barrows of San Francisco >nd Rev. W. T.
Cambridge of Providence, R. I. After the
announcement of ineetiug3 of committees and
of further meetings of tho Board a ioows was
taken until the evening.
Hon. William E Dodge of New York, vice
president, was in tee chair.
The congregation united in singing Hymn
“ Fes, we trust the day is breaking,”
to the air of Grenville.
Rev. S. G. Buckingham, D. D., of Spriug
field, Mass., led in prayer.
Rev. L. T. Chamberlain, D, D , of Norwich,
Conn., chairman of the committee, to whom
was referred the paper of Secietary Clark, on
the growth and noed of the foreign work, re*
ported in behalf -of the committee. They
commend the great argument of the secretary
to our prayerful and const- eutious considera
tion. The impressive review of the past sev
enty years, bringing us to the conclusion that
while God has opened the way for the world
wide spread of His kingdom, we have beeu
remiss in our privilege aud our duty. There
has beeu limited devotiou, and all the tithes
hitve uot beeu brought into the store house.
The issue accordingly, is between us, togeth
er with our brethren, iu the constituency of
the Board and the Master. It is between us
and the millions unsaved. It is between us
and our own souls. Our respouse is to be
made iu view of the fact that we have the full
ability, provided ouly that we are willing.
The report commends the great plan of a
native ministry to be trained on the soil; of
self-supporting, aggressive, native churches; of
Christian schools, and the special work of up
lifting of woman iu heathen lauds; the ready
acceptance of the broad, sagacious, Christian
plan by those entrusted with the administra
tion of the Board. Never, apparently, in the
history of missions, has more depended ou tl e
answer we give to the fac's of the paper pre
sented by the secretary.
Rev. Cornelius L. Wells, D. D., of
New York, Secretary of the Bo.rJ of Missions
of the Reformed Dutch Church, was iutro.
duced by the President and gave the
cheer and greetings of that body—organized
iu 18:11—now numbering 500 churches and 80,
000 members. Until 1857, it was united har
moniously with the American Board, iu mis
sion work, since which time it has undertaken
the w ork alone. Dr. Wells spoke ably and
A hymn, the Macedonian cry, composed by
Rev. W. T. Sleeper, of Worcester, M iss., and
set to music by Mr. B. D. Allen, the father of
Mrs. W. S. Sleeper, and sang at the ordina
tion of Rev. W. S. Sleeper, at his ordination as
a missionary to Bulgaria, and father of the
author of the liymu, was read by Secretary
Clark, and sung by J. It. Coyle, Jr. of Port,
land in a full, c ear voice, and rendered so
plainly, that the President remarked it wa
not necessary that it should have been read.
Remarks were then made by tbo Rev. J. D
Davis of tbe Japan mission.
Rev. Burdette Hart of New Haven, Conn.,
led In prayer with special reference to the
topic which had been presented. Tbe vast
congregation united in singing one verse of llie
liymu—“All bail tbe powerof Jesus’ name.”
The closing address of tbo evening was made
by Rev. Win. M. Harbour, D. 1)., of New
Haveu, Conn. Rev. C. A. Dickinson of Port
land, chairman cf tbe committee of arrange
ments made a report concerning future ses
The Beuediitiou was pronounced by tbe
Rev. H. A. Neely, D. I)., Bishop of the
the Maiuo Dircase Adjourned.
The addresses by t to Rev. Meifrs. Chamber
lain Davis and Borbonr will be giveu in the
special edition of tl.e P litas to be published
after tbe close of tbo meeting.
EVENING OVERFLOW .HEETING.
To accommodate tbe crowds unable to gain
admittance to the City Hall or the First Par
ish church the Second Parish church was open
ed. Rev. Dr. Fiske of Newburyport, presided.
He said that advance must bo made ail slung
the line and that the missionary spirit dated
from tlie theological quickening in New Eng
Brief addresses were made by Prof. Wright
of Oberlin, who spoke of the broadening effect
of missionary iuthiencss upon the indi
vidual; by Bev. C. D. Barrows of San Fran
cisco, who spoke of the faith principle as op
posed to tbe power principle, and by Rev. Dr.
Bebreudsof Providence, R. I., whose stirring
words were frequently applauded. His theme
was the yower of the gospel iu raising the de
graded. Contrary to ihe philosophy of man
tbe gospel begins at the bottom aud works np
to the top. He drew a glowing picture of the
possibilities created by the openiug of Egypt.
The First Parish house was crowded. Rev.
Dr. Magoun presided. The choir sang "I wait
e'd on the Lord.” Prayer was offered by Dr.
Stephenson of Montreal.
Rev. Dr. Cyrus Hauilin, the first president
of Roberts College, Constantinople, gave a
sketch of mission work iu the Turkish empire
from 1832 to tire present, noting necessarily tbe
various wars, intrigues and politic tl changes
of the fifty years, aud showing that the Lord
bad done a great work. The Doctor spoke
strongly of the evil wrought by Russiau diplo
mats, by Louis Napoleon aud Sir Henry Bnl
wer. He also dwelt upon tbe horrors of the
Russo Turkish war, which cost a million lives
and was followed by bankruptcy, assassination
and famine iu both conutries.
Rev. H. A. Sellau(Her, missionary at Prague,
Bohemia, gave a very interesting ac souut of
the work in that city. Persecution and hin
drance have been the constant lot of the mis
sionaries there, but the work goes on and will
Rev. Dr. Haydeu made the closing remarks.
Music was furnished by Kolzsclimar at the or
gan, and the First Parish choir.
Wo shall publish Dr Hamlin’s address n
our supplement berealtsr.
The Press will publish ibis afternoon a re
vised directory of lusts and gnosis. Many ad
ditions and corrections have boon made, and
the list is now substantially complete. Those
who have names to add .should bring them to
this oflice as early as possible this morning.
The restaurant at the Recaption Hall is dc
iug a great business. There wore 150 break
fasted there yesterday. Pour hundred dined
and the same number suppod there. The
provisions continue of the best quality.
The tables at Congress Hall, set by the W.
C. T. U., are very attractive in appearance aud
bountifully provided. About 75 breakfasted
there yesterday, and 200 dined aud supped.
Miss Deyr, of the Boston Congregationalism
is in attet dance on the meetings of the Ameri
The corridors o( City Building remind one of
a political convention after the meetings. They
are filled with knots of earnest men and
women busy discussing all they have heard,
and agreeing or disagreeing, as happens, with
the visa s of the different speakers.
The ante-room to the Council Chamber
looks like a baggage room at a great railroad
station pilod np with valises, liaud-bags and
Tbe visitors to the meetings are loud iu tiieir
praises of tbe profuse hospitality of our citi
We hope to publish iu a I tier issue tho ad
dress of tho ftev. C. I). Barrows, delivered at
the session of the Board yesteiday.
The call for ihe ltev. Ur. Goodwin’s sermon
is large. Iu order to inset that call we
shall publish the sermon in ful1. The delay is
owing to the fact that the stenographer has
not yet transcribed his uotes The seruidu, to
gether with the foil and authorized account of
all the proceedings, will appear in tho special
editiou 10 be published after the close of the
meeting. This editiou will contain a complete
report of the four days’session. To euable us
to meet the demaud, orders for it should be
left at once at the I’kkss couutiug room, or
at our brauch office in the corridor of City
When the meetings in City Hall aud
the over-fijw meetings in the adjoin
iniug churches let out, as they gen
erally do at the same hour, Congress
BH-eet is a sight to behold. It is a second Belle
vue Avenue at Newpoit with the elegant
private carriages, tbe prancing steeds, tbe
crowds of well dressod meu aud woman, and
the horse cars quickly succeeding each oilier.
The liackmen who “went back" on their
word Tuctday, were ail right yesterday, The
barges brought them to their senses.
The mail-room, or post office, Is a busy
scene at City Hall. The long tables are
crowded with ladles aud gentlemen inditing
A lady from Boston remarked yesterday that
slie always thought Boston policemen carried
off the palm for politeness but she bad come
to tile conclusion while in Portland that our
policemen surpassed them in that respect.
City Hall and the First aud Second Parish
churches we'e crowded to repletion last even
ing and if another church had beeu opened it
conld have been quickly tilled.
TODAY'S PBOCiK A IIII K.
The fallowing is today’s programme:
‘.i a. in. departs from committees upon va
rious missions, with addresses from missiouar
ies and others.
- P- ui- Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper at
Paysou Memorial, State street and Willlstou
ilj i). m. Business mooting for the election
of officers uod reports of committees.
7A p. m. Addreises by President Hopkins
10 a. in. Meeting of Women’s Board of
Missions at High street church.
Overdraw meetings will be held as required
At tlie sixth public meeting of the Woman’s
Board of Missions, High street church, this
m ruing, the following will be the order of ex
Report of the W. B. M.
Report of the W. B. M. I.
Report of the W. B. M. P.
Addresses by Missionary ladies—Miss M. E.
Gouidy, Osaka, Japan; Mrs. O. W. Park, Bom
bay, India; Mrs. O. R. Allen, Harpoot, Tor
key; Miss M. 8. Rice of the Nestoriau Mission;
Mrs. J. L. Atkinson, Kobe, Japan; Miss E M.
Stone, Samokov, Bulgaria; Miss F. M. Morris,
This will be one of the most interesting
meetings of the week.
The ordinance of the Lord’s Supper will be
administered at the Second Parish church to
accommodate those in the eastern part of the
city; at the State streot church, fertile cen
tral, and at Williston church for the western.
lhe Question of His Othodoxy Consid
We tike from the Christian Union the fol
lowing account of the examination of the Kev.
Dr. Newman Smyth at New Haven:
A council of Congregational churches was
held in the Centre Church, New Haven—the
late Dr. Bacon's—Wednesday, September 20.
The Congregational churches of New Haven
were all represented, together with Dr. Mc
Kenzie’s church of Cambridge, I)r. Duryea s
of Bos1 on, and the First Congregational of
Hartford. Dr. Todd of Now Haven was elect
ed Moderator. Dr. Newman Smylt made a
brief statement of his religious experience,
which, he stated, began with his conscious
life. He united with the church at Phillips
Academy at. thiiteen years of age. He then
read from a carefully prepared paper a state
ment of his religions beliefs, lie holds that
Coil reveals himself to the moral aud spiritual
life of man; that lie selected and trained one
nation to he the bearer of a special divine rev
elation; that this revelatiou culminated iu
Christ Jeans, the divino Worn become llesli,
aud the tiual and infallible authority of faith
and practice; that the Sacred Scriptures are iu
ait the record and interpretation, iu fact the
contouts, of the revelation from Cod which is
fulfilled in Christ; aud that we have besides
the written canons of faitli the pr> gressive de
velopment of the faith in the mind of tiie
Church through the Spirit of Christ. He
holds that all meu aro siuuers; that Biu in
volves both corruption of the individual aud
separat ort from God; aud that this evil conse
quence can be removed only by the ^willing
and cjnewrring act of both Cod aud man. As
to the atonement, he holds that Qod has ever
been willing to forgive and restore; that this
willingness to forgive is nit aloue enough for
the reality of lorgtveuiss, and that, therefore,
God's love lias led him to such out-giving from
himself as is necessary for the realization of
hisctrrunl willingness to forgive; he regards
alljtheories of the at moment as acceptably
helps to our conception of it, but none of them
as satisfactory explanations of the mystery of
grace. It is on thesubjectof the future life
that his views have been most sharply Criti
cised ; it is on this subject there is the greatest
public interest. This part of his statemeut
was as follows:
The center of the Biblical doctrine of the future
life is Jesus’s teaching concerning th i final judg
ment. 1 believe that tie's present dtapen alion, or
world age shall come to au end at the day of judge
ment. t believe that this world age is llie time of
probation, aud that every pers u bo. u into this
world shall have.one fair and sutiicie it probation
uuder c nil it ions of grace. 1 believe that the end
of probation is, for the preseut system as a wholo,
the day of judgment, and for the individual his
confirmed self-determination in good or evil. J be
lieve that the end of probation for the Individual is
not aud, from the natu-e of moral freedom, cannot
bo any outward circumstance, temporal accident or
physical change, like tbe death of the body. 1 be
lieve that now the conditions of eternal Hie are of
fered in the Got pel, and that whoever wilfully neg
lect or reject them are in danger of the sin against
the Ho y Ghost, which Jesus said bath never tor
givenet either in this world or the world to come
I believe that if incidentally, in the development
of God’s purpose of grace under the limitations of a
system of nature, sufficient conditions of gracious
probation may not have been furnished in this
world tj any par.icnlar generation, class or individ
ual (as, for example, infants. Idiots, antediluvians,
some heathen, aud children born apparently to no
moral chance), I can trust God to provide for such
some special opportunity lor repentance in Hades
before the tiual judgment, Icanuic but think
there is some Scriptural warrant for this trust iu
the fact that Jeaus.preaebei to a certain class of
spirits in Hale*. It aso seems tome lo be a logi
c*. deduction from the principle of individual ac
countability which has l*een maintained in our New
England theology. While as a preacher of the Gos
pel 1 have no authority to otter to any min any
time of salvation but' now, 1 must allow that
Jesus Christ, belora he shall give us
his mediatorial kingdom to the Father
may have opportunity* uurevetled to up
of ottering himself graciously to any
who may not have hail a decisive probation i tills
life. Uf what constitutes in particular case* a deci
sive probation under conditions of grace we are not
tbe judges, but God shall judge. I believe that the
obligation of Christian missions rests upou the com
mandment of the Ix>rd, and will be increasingly
owned by the church In proportion as it obtains
higher views of God’s love for the world; but so sa
cred a causo thou Id not be bouud up with estra
Scriptural limitations of God’s mercy. I believe that
when the end of tbe wor d shall come, at ihe aat
great day, these thing* which are temporal shall be
superseded by those things which are eternal. What
this eternal order ir kind of existence is, I have not
now, under this temporal lorm of life, power defin
itely to conceive. J regard such phrases as endless
time, everlasting duration, as permissibly expressive
of the finality aud permanence of the judgment, but
not as proper definitionso» the eternal, which trans
cends conception; and I accept Jesus's teaching of
the possibility ot etertal life or dea li in tbe moral
positivenes* and metaplijsical indefinitenvss in
which he saw tit to leave fur* our use his doctrine of
the future life. I do not accept the burdens, often
too heavy to be borne, Imposed upou tbi- faith by
the traditions of men, who. addjto Jesu- ’s simple
Gospel their vain earthly and temporal imaginations
of the eternal life and its mo al relations.
1 cannot believe in annihilation, or the exliuctiou
from the sum of b iug of anything that has been
made. How far moral personality may be self-va
cated by persistent sin, aud a soul killed, is one of
those doubtful questions which 1 am couamt to wait
for the day of revelations to answer. 1 cannot ttuil
either in Scripture or Christian reason sufficient au
thonty to warrant teaching as % dogma tne hope of
a linai reconciliation of all evil to tne wood will of
The reading of this btuemout was followed
by a rapid, keen, but thoroughly friendly ex
amination, conducted at first by tho Moderator,
but afterward participated in by other mem
bers of the Council, the more import nit parte
of which wero as follows;
Question. What do you regard as tbe strong
est evidence of God? Answer. (Quickly.) God
Q. But what is the strongest evidence with
those who deuy him? A. That depends ou the
nature of the denial. It would depend largely
on the admissions that were made.
y Wliat do you regard as tbe strongest ev
idence of a revelation of God in Scripture? A.
The radical difference between the history of
Israel and that of ail other contemporary na
tions; between the literature of Israel aud all
y. Is tbe revelation of G.mI in the Scriptures
complete and final? A. Revelation iu the
Word ot God is progressive, and yet complete
for the purposes for which the Scriptures were
y. What is your theory of inspiration? A.
I have no theory of inspiration. I am walling
for Professor Ladd's book.
y. How do you distinguish the Scriptures
from other human writings? A. In the fact
that they contain a special revelation from
God. Such a disclosure of Divine character as
is found iu the Bible the pagan world was ut
terly uuable to originate.
y. Iu what dors sin consist? A. Man is a
sinful being toward God just as a man would
be wrong who should assume a totally wrong
position toward another human being. In this
sense every man has sinned. They who have
exercised no wrong choice in life are not per
sonally guilty, but all mankind are iu need of
y. Do yon believe that all men are saved by
Christ aloue? A. Jesus Ohnst is the Saviour
of all men, and jet I can conceive it possible
that men may be saved who have never heard
the Gospel preached. But these also ate saved
by the grace of Uod which is in Jesus Christ
y. Will you describe the process of regener
atiou? A. I cau as easily describe the process
of the sun-rising as that of regeneration or con
version. It is the work ot God.
y. In wliat does it cousisl? A. It consists
In bringing man out of a false and disastrous
personal relationship into a true, loving friend
ship with God himself. I distinguish between
tbe external act of sin or wrong-doing, aud the
internal ainfuluess or wrongness of personal re
lations. Conversion is tbe hriugiug the person
out from this inner wrongness baek into right
y By whom is It brought about? A. Both
by God and the sinner.
y Do you admit Hie vlcirious nature of
Christ’s atonemeut? Ido. His suffering was
an expression of sympathy with us, putting
himself in our place.
y. Was tbe design of the atonement, in your
view, the representalioii of the divine charac
fel’ ,l|ie wmd represenlatiou is too shal
low. Realization is a belter word.
Q- ^ hst are the conditions of salvation?
A- Repeutance and faith, or c itniug to Christ.
y. Is faith In Christ mere intellectual be
lief. A By no means. Having faith Is per
Q. Do you think that children should he ad
milted to the church? A. My observation"
leads me to think that children so admitted
make the best church-members.
Q. What do you regard as the couditioos i f
church membership? A. In general the con
ditions of salvation. For particular churches
particular rules may be deemed necessary. But
the only rales which any chnri'b has the right
to impose are in general the conditions of sal
■ .w‘‘.at \a the church? A. The church in its
meal ta the continuous manifestation of Christ
in the world as an organized body.
Was it founded by Christ" A. hv him
rmiiLo'0 r.®“u t o( a command involved in ills
e v^ich, uu?oubte‘1|y lli9 intention to
leave a church in the world.
Phi'rch wl!Sfto0* ,rcm tbo Ptesbyttrian
Church. What are ycur feelings as to the con
gregational system? A. I care very litilo for
tho harness in which I work provided It d^s
not work too modi in the breei biuiz.
y. Has the belief in a possible probation af
ter death any foundation in Seripturt" A I
do not think that we have detinue Scriptural
authority for such a belief, unless we construe
with that literalness with which we construe
other passages the acc ount of Christ's preach
Ing to certain spirits in prison. I „honld hone
that no person would he led to postpone his re
pentance because of any words of mine As a
preacher I have nothing mors to say ihau
“Now is tho accepted time.”
Q. How do you regard the doctrine of a nor
sible spiritual perfection In this life? A I
think that some people do not become so per
fectly sanctified in this life as they suppose
y. Do you believe in the doctrine of spiritu
al perfection u this life" A. f look „j„n ,he
iioctrine of spiritual perfection in this fife as a
To Prof, win eon E. Baldwin, of Yalu Law
School. I do not think that children should he
asked theological questions at the dcor of the
church. I think that improved meticals of
connecting children with the life of the church
might well be devised aud adopted. As to ad
muting adult persons without such questions
I should treat it as a matter of expedition of
pri ate judgment. As an illnstraliou of mv
own experience, I may mention one person
whose theological views were excti.liugly
vague but who desired admission to my own
church, teelmg that the could not unite with
the Unitarian Church. She became one of oar
b TolrfrmpterSj .'W discretion.
To Dr. Barbour, of Yale. There may be a
probation hereafter for such us have no chenm.
in this life, such as idiots, infants, some heath
eu, etc. It is a question of mau be onlv. so far
as the existence of tho supposed coudii ions are
concerned. It becomes a must he if tho ante
cedouteonditions are fulfilled. It is md, how
ever, with n my warrant as a minister of the
<jo*pel to declare so.
To Prof. Cyius Nortbrup ol Yale Cold ge. I
would have no warrant for assorting tin belief
ibat the probation of persons attendin' this
clinrch is not terminated it death, li ..mv be
ended at any moment, for anyt' iug we know.
I should not, on a funeral occasion, let] war
Pronouncing judgment, whatever
might l>e my private opiuioo.
Q. I wish to ask whether, as the religious
teacher of this people, you believe that a mau
who had lived a life of cut sing aud win edness
u.ight have a probation afier death? A As a
religious teacher I have only one commission,
that w, Now is the accepted time ”
Q. Is thero any possible practical advantage
in the doctrine of a probation after dei.th? a
I think that there is apologetically a i ractfcai
advantage in leaving open such possibilities of
grace as shall prevent our preaching fiom pro
voklug in the moral sentimeuis aud hearts ol
men an iutense reaction aga .iot ibe II. spel.
Q. Do you provoke a reaction—resentment
—wlien yon refuse to sav that there is a proba
lion after death? A. That depends very much
on the spirit in which tho refusal is made.
To the Itev. Dr. Deunen. Q. Wliudoyou
mean when you use the words “a dec live pr< -
bation’ A. The decisive probation ends in
a hxity of character.
Are there auy persons whose probation
is njcvss.nly act decisive at the end of ibis
life. A. Yes. Infants, idiot*, some heathen
some of the spirits to whom Jesus preached in
Dr. Don non (sotto voce). It does not say wl at
was the subject of his preaching. %
Q* Do you believe that there is any pers n
1 tv lug who may have a moral chauce alter
deatli! A. If you wish me to dcgiuatiza, I
say, uo. If you Wish simply for my opinion, I
. ^8,r^a,t’ Q Yon be iei e that
tbe Bible is the inspired word of God" \ f
Q _ And therefore you refuse tj reduce the
quality of the Bible us the Word of Uod by a
Ueliued theory of inspiration.' A. I empha
size it all the more as the Woid of G.xl because
I cannot define its inspiration.
Q. You believe that the ktate of tlio dead
imposes responsibilsty npon us as t. the 1 vine"
A. 1 do.
Q. And also as to those who are dead? A.
Not a responsibility for the deud. But this
privilege, which within certain limit i was ex
ercised by the early church, and is still dear to
the hearts of many Christians, I have no riel t
to take from them.
Q- As to the rewards of the future life: do
you believe there will be a dtffereue in them .'
A;,, irh.® ,for<l will AH every cap as full as it
will hold, but there may lie a difference in the
size of the enps.
President Poiterof Yale, Might you
not suppose that God will judge the heathen
by his knowledge of bow they wouf! tiave re
ceived the I*.is[id'.’ A. That ie predestlna
llor, on the other end. It would hetr mo a
dilhculty in that supposition that I regards
f.od as deeding men's destiny from his knowl
edge of what they would have doue, and not
m view of a real probaiiou nud sei'-Jeteruiioa
IJ Do you c insider that wliat yon c >11 "fix
ity of character" is inconsist mt with activity
to the future world? A. I do u. t so consider
Q-. Is net thero always, therefore, a hyp.
thetic.l possibility of repentance alt-.-r death?
A. There certainly may bo a pogsihil t,, and
vet ntt a moral cert >lnty.
Q- Do you expect to preach so to the people
of the Center Church that, it they wore only
t) hear you ouee, they would receive the im
pressiou that they had had a chance? A.
(Reverently and humbly). I wool 1 endeavor
so to preach.
To Professor George K. Day, Yale Theologi
cal Seminary. Q In what do yon 1 .cate the
distinction between such writars as Paul and
Peter and ethers of a later day, sneb as Baxter
and Banyan? A. In the difference between
their commissions—their histor cal relation to
Jesus as the author and centre of faith.
Q. Without the Goepel, canid thero tea a
true probation for man? A There could not
be one that would sat sfy God, for the simple
reason that it has net satisfied him.
Prof. George P. Pisher, Yale Theological
Seminary: (). Suppose that :>n unrighteous
man is suinmutio 1 tinder the Go,pel to repent
and accept the terms of salvation, and be re
pels that snmmous, has a minister of the Gos
pel any right to encourage him t> hone for a
future probation? A. No. As a minister of
the Gospel I am under commission, and I am
limited to the terms of ray commission; which
are: “Now is the acce| ted ! me.”
To Dr. Denner. Iu the admission of
persons to the chnrcb, wonld you receive any
one who disbelieved any leading truth?
A. Probably not. That would depend some
what on my judgment as to tho quality of the
Q. But if he stood out squarely against the
truth. A. Then it would dopeud upon the
nature of the doctrine itself.
The Council then voted to be by itself, and
a ter an hour’s deliberation vetsd unanimously
to accept the examination and proceed to in
stallation. Thirty-three votes were cast for
the caodidat ■. It has been erroneou,ly stated
that one member, a layman, voted against the
cindnlatt. The member merely abstained
Iu reference to Dr. Suiy tit’s apt oarauce and
manner 1 ttle need be said. He is a pleasant
looking gentleman of about thirty-eight, some
what above tho medium height, sandy coin
plexioned with an intellectual and scholarly
face, genial and gentlemanly iu manner and
bearing. Always modest and reverent, he is
quick and alert in his faculties, ami would not
permit an opponent t > gain au advantage over
him because of a want of deUnitenesa in his
own op iu ions. His intellect, considering its
great activity, is siugularly clear and free*,
mists. His language, even iu the rush of ex
temporaneous speech, combine* felicity with
exactness. Ho exhibited throughout remark
able readiness in philosophic\\ distinctions and
iu the choice of language. The personal im
pression produced was altogether favorable.
The examination was rapid iu it* progress,
decisive and brilliant in itsconteuts.
' r. Blaino’a opposition to the coalition
movement in Virginnia is sharply criticised »t
Washington. Mr. Gorham editor of the Wash
ington Republican, and formerly a strong
Blaiue man, severely condemns his course as
putting him in alliance with the Virginia
bourbons, and iu hostility to political free
dom. Mr. Gorham also ans.rti that the
Mahone policy in Virgin ia is one which was
modi lied to meat the express views of Presi
den. Gartleld. Go this point Mr. Rlafne is the
best authority.—Hartford Couraut.
When the convicts in lire Stale Prison at
Concord heard of the nomination of Butler
they cheered enthusiastically, hut by a nor
▼ersion of the right of uuiversal suffrage, they
are for the pr. sent dtbailed from voting, and
their tupport can only be a moral one. Aa
heretofore, money will be the main dependence
for a nusier campaign.- Providouce Journal.
It seems there are three comets traveling
through the lieaveus together ou the same
orbit. It is no wonder they huve been tele
Henry Ward Beecher’s row broke into the
grounds of a neighbor at Peepshiil and
made havoc, which brought the neighbor to
Mr. Beecher. "I wish you would keep your
cow out of my shrubbery,” exclaimed the irate
neighbor, to which Mr. Beecher replied, ’’And
1 wish you would keep your shrubberv out oi
my cow; it spoils the milk.” The two afore
sain neighbors are on speaking terms no more.
Denis Kearney baa pooled issues with the
Democracy and Ben Butler baa followed his
example. Tho Democrats furnish the issues
while Ivearuey and Butler take the pools.—
If General Butler had had to break into a
ball u> yet. tho democratic 1 ommaiion as he
did oiico. he would not have haggled about the
campaign expenses. The general sees n«
special fun and exciteiueut iu having a Domi
nation given him as a matt, r of course.—
“It wiil be a Bishop without a church,” re
marked a bystander as the bulletin of the B<
ton Journal announced the nomination,
guess not,” said a young man; “I think it w
bo a Butler without a pantry.”—Rutland H
An English paper says that “General Wo
ly never drank a drop of liquor.” It is o$i»
the pampered menials of ttu effete monarchy
that can have wine from the start —Wash
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