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PROHIBITION IN PORTLAND.
Yicws of Prominent Men as Stated to Canadian Commission. Hon. Char les F. Libby Gives the History of an Effort, at Enforcement—General Opinion That Only Intermittent lie suits Ate Secured. In 1892 a special Canadian commission, headed by Sir Joseph Hickson, examined into tho liquor question in the United States. Among other places they visited Portland, and examined some of the promient citizens. The report has now been published. Speaking of the history of efforts to enforce the law, Mayor Baxter said: They have been spasmodic. There is this difficulty, there is a groat temptation to the polioemen, of course, to take bribes, and the men who keop these liquor places can afford to pay something; and I have no doubt that somo of tho police, at least in times past, I do not know that that is the case now, have taken bribes ... I have no doubt about it. I have no doubts at all in my mind that there were quito a number of men last year arrested and allowed to go away without any record being made. Thero cannot be nearly so much liquor drank here now as formerly, in proportion to the popula tion. If there could be a licensing system which could bo controlled properly, it seems to me that it would bo better than our system here. I own considerable busi ness property in Portland, and I am per fectly satisfied in my mind that the prohibitory law has not damaged me in any waj. I think, perhaps, I get a better class of tenants. Now there fe » difference of opinion about that. Mr. J. B. Brown used to argue, and his sons arguo similarly, that the prohibitory law does great damage, and that buildings of theirs would be occupied without a pro hibitory law, which are now idle. Mr. Biown claims that it is a damage to the estate, but I think it is owing to the nature of his property more tiian any thing else that some of it is not occupied. He has certain buildings which perhaps should never have been built. nc -LT'-^r} XT TVvrxr tlvrv fnllnnrimr questions were asked: Can you state generally what are your impressions of the effects of the prohibitory law?—Well, I am unable to speak comparatively, of course, because my recollection does not extend back beyond the days of the pro hibitory law; but so far as my observa tions have extended and my opportunities of comparing this State with other states of a similar size, I am very positive in my opinion that the conditions here in Maine are generally much better than in others states with a similar class of popu lation. Is the law enforced with increased rigor from year to year?—I suppose it is better enforced just now than it has been for many years. The enforcement, however, is BATHER INTERMITTENT. What accounts for that variableness in the enforcement, of the law?—It is very much like the swing of a pendulum. Sometimes the enforcement gets very slack and loose, and this is apt to be followed by a period of rigorous enforce ment; and then some people are not so fond of an enforcement of the law as they thought they were going to be, and then the pendulum swings back again. If a candidate for office took that position (enforcing the law) what do you think would be the effect in Portland?— It would depend somewhat on circum stances. I say that the man who publicly professes that he is going to do his full duty and privately had an understanding Common Oatmeal Sold from barrels or often times in fancy packages (but still common oatmeal) is hard to cook, bitter in taste and overheating to the system. It overtaxes j the digestive organs and j .the body derives no bene- j fit from it—it injures rather I than helps gets rid of all that is ob jectionable in oatmeal and preserves all that is valu able. It makes oatmeal a human food, palatable . and easy of digestion, with- i out taking away any of the 1 elements needed for the building up of body, bone and brain. All other oat meals—“steam-dried,’’ “ kiln-dried ” and “ partly cooked ”—leave1 off just j where H-O begins. ! I with tho liquor men that ho would not touch them very much, would have a better chance of election. Hon. Charles F. Libby said : I would say that I am one of tho few Republicans who ‘ openly express dissent from the policy of this prohibitory law. I con sider that the prohibitory law is a failure so far as the city of Portland is con corned I oonsider that it has tended directly and indirectly to bring about a certain condition of affairs which I con sider is not favorable from a moral point of view. Now, I will give you my ex perience as prosecuting officer, and I am going to speak of some matters which are rather personal so that you may fairly understand my attitude in the enforce ment of this law. I received the nomina tion to tho office, which was followod by my election, without my knowledge or desire. I went into the office perfectly free. I went in there with the disposition, as every officer should havo, to make no inquiry into the operation of the law, but, as the law was on tho statute book, to enforce it. I think I enforced the law impartially, with all the vigor I could control. I had five years’ experience with the enforcement of tho prohibitory law. During that time 1 prosecuted nearly 1000 indictments, and I collected I think over $S0,000 in fines in this county and large ly in the city of Portland. I had sentences passed in a month on liquor sellers that AGGREGATED FIFTY YEARS. I kept a caroful record of every liquor seller that I had indioted or prosecuted before the courts, and I had a progressive system of fines and punishments. No man who came there the second time re ceived ns lenient a sentence as a man who came there first. At that time im prisonment was not obligatory, as it was made later'on. I commenced with a fine of $200 for the first offence on a nuisance. If a man had not been engaged generally in the traffic and was not a common seller, I tried to see if he would not quit the business. If he did not quit then, he got the nuisance indictment the next time. After ho came in a second time he was fined $100 more, and each time he came before the court his fine increased $100 until he got the limit. There was an alternative sentence in each case, that if man rliri nnf nilvr flln firm IIa rrnf. fVm same number of months’ imprisonment, as the number of hundred dol ars in the fine. I kept a record of all these men and the number of times they came before me. I looked it all over to see what I had accomplished at the end of my time. I found that I had driven out of business one set of men, and another set of men had come in; and so far as I could judge from my experience the last set of men engaged in the business was worse than the first set who were driven out. In addition to that I found that when the law was very stringently enforced it created A DEMAND FOR CLUB HOUSES, and I found that young men were estab lishing club rooms here in the city, and not only did they beoome places where drinking was carried on, but got to be gambling places. I found that, while I was driving the liquor out of ordinary shops where it had been sold, I was driving it into the houses and kitchens where the children of the family who up to that time never saw it, were accustomed then to see it dealt out in that surreptitious manner. The rigid enforcement of the law introduced also the system of pocket peddling, something we never had in the city before. Not only that, but I found that perjury was be coming remarkably common in the courts. . . I have no expoction at all that in the oities this prohibitory law will ever be a success. Rt. Rev. James A. Healy, Catholic bishop of Portland, said: A law of that kind is inquisitorial, and what we call a law of reform by enactment, and is one A SPIRIT OP OPPOSITION. Tho intention of those who made such a law, I am not going to question; but it corrupts every set of officers that has any thing to do with it. It degrades the1 idea of law to tho poor peoplo, who say that it is only law to them and that it is not law to the richer classes. They therefore fight it and evade it in every possible way. Pranklin R. Barrett said: It is a class law of course.^ It has no effect whatever on people wlio have means to send away for liquors or wines. If it has any effect at all it is on the poor class, the laboring class. It has had the effect, and I have frequently had my attention called to it, of occasioning tho consuption of an immense amount of extremely injurious liquor. Tho late Philip Henry Brown said: It has driven away substantially the Ger man population, which began to come at one time. As everybody knows, the Ger mans want to have their places of resort where they can take tlicir families anti drink beer. The country merchants who used to come into the city to purchase their goods at one time, and, at the same time for the purposo of enjoying them selves, find no particular attraction of the kind they want in Portland. Do you think it has had any effect on the valuo of property in tho city?—Yes, I do. Certain PROPERTIES HAVE BEEN REN DERED WORTHLESS, and certain other properties which were used perhaps for the sale of rum have be come vacant, but they are not consider able. I think probably tho value of all real estate has somewhat declined. Rev. Henry Blanchard, D. D., said: I think on tho whole it is beneficial, and yot at the same timo I am troubled about certain facts. I am not as good a clitic as I might be because I do not be lieve in OUR PRESENT SYSTEM. 1 think the system that; the government is trying to carry ont in South Carolina and in Danmark and Norway is the best, to my mind. Mrs. L. M. N. Stevens said: It seems to be a settled policy in Maine that prohibition is right. The result of our study of the question is satisfactory, and in favor of prohibition. V ' ' Hiram Knowlton, was asked the question: You think that the sentiment of the people is strongly in favor of the prohibitory law?—and answered: There is no doubt about that at all. I know persons who use liquor temperately who will voto to assist the prohibitory law, from their consciousness of its beneficial effects. Judge Georgo F. Gould, after describing some of the technical workings of the law as seen in tho Municipal court, was asked and answered this question: Wliat effect on the morals of the community has all this law breaking and the secret selling of liquor in violation of the law?*—It has in one respcet a very bad effect, and as a matter of fact reduced the solemnity of an oath in court1 to a marvelous degree. It is astounding to think that a man whoso word you would take in all other cases will in a liquor case commit the most rank perjury in tRo world. Samuel L. Carleton was examined: Are you satisfied with the operation of the law—when I say you, I mean your societies?—Yes, we are satisfied with the law, that it is A GOOD LAW; but we are not satisfied with the way that it has been enforced many times. That is simply on account of politics. Politics in the enforcement of the pro hibitory law has been a great stumbling block in the way. Secretary Charles H. Baker of the Overseers of the Poor, did not think the orohibitory law had much to do with pauperism. It was bard to enforce the law in tho cities, and it was altogether too much a political question. Marshal Trickoy described the workings of the agency. He was inclined to think that prohibition hurts trade. Rt Rev. Henry A. Neely, Protestant Episcopal bishop, said that the law had not done any good since his residence iD Portland. Clerk of Courts B. C. Stone was ex amined : What made you come to the conclusion that high license would be preferable to a prohibitory law?—Well, from the effects which tho prohibitory law has produoed. The law has had the effect of driving the liquor traffic into the hands of dis reputable parties, and respectable men will not go into the business, because the penalties are so'severe that they do not care to take the chances of imprisonment E. T. Burrowes was examined: Do you think that the prohibitory law has emphasized the danger of the drink habit to young men?—I believe it has. George P. Wescott- was examined: Amongst people who entertain in society is the use of wine less general than it was twenty years ago?—I do not think that it is any more, but I think it is quite as large. Is the liquor sold here very intoxicat ing?—It is indeed. A good deal of the liquor is fixed np especially for the Maine market. The effect is instantaneous al most. A man taking a couple of drinks is drunk at once. E. B. Winslow was examined: What affect has the prohibitory law had upon the business and trade interests of the 3ityf_There is a general impression unong the business people here, as far as [ have talked with them, that the law has a tendency to injure business. NEARLY MET HIS DEATH A Son-in-Raw of Gen. H. G. Tliomas Rushes to His Colonel’s Rescue. A special dispatch from the head quarters of the loth United States Infantry, states that a murderous assault was made on Col. Robert E. A. Croften. the commander of tho regiment, by First Lieutenant Samuel S. Pague. It seems that Lieut. Pague is one of the most efficient officers of the regimont, but at the time of tho assault was temporarily insane. Col. Crofton had left tho club and was walking down towards the offices of the post, when Lieut. Pague suddenly appeared, and in a wild manner flourished a revolver at the same time using threatening language to the oolonel. He then fired three shots, two of which grazed the Colonel and the third inflioted a slight wound in his abdomen. Lieut Wm. N. Blow, Jr.—who is an officer of the regiment and son-in law of General Henry G. Thomas of this sity—sprang forward with other officers, upon hearing the commo tion and seized Lieut. Pague J as Col. Crofton wrenched the smoking revolver from his hand. Lieut. Pague was taken to the guardhouse. He had no recolloction whatever of the occurrence. Col. Crofton was ordered to his bed. and to keep quiet on account of the wound in the abdomen, although it is not con sidered of a daugerous nature. He is a victim of the drink habit, and lias boon a Keeloy patient on two occa sions. Bofore the sensational affair of to day Pague was a patient in the Post hospital and escaped thence while the at tendants were absent for the moment. It was after the drill hour that the shooting took place. The headquarters of the regiment are at Port Sheridan. Col. Crofton will be remembered as visiting Portland a year ago last summer. Lieut. Pagne is forty years old. Ho graduated from West Point iu 1879, and has seen acti ve service in Colorado, Arizona and tho Dakotas. Ho was considered an excellent officer, except for his habit of drink. Ho has a wife and one child, and in tho social life of tho past Mrs. Pagne has always been a prominent figure. She was prostrated by the shock of the occurronce. Burglary oil India Street. There was a small burglary at Beards worth’s store on India street some time Saturday night About fifteen dollars’ worth of pipes, tobacco, etc., were taken. It is thought that earlier in the night the window was broken accidentally or ma liciously, and that later some one passing saw tho broken window and reached through aud took tho goods. THE MUNICIPAL COURT. BEFORE .JUDGE BOBIJfSOX. Saturday — David P- McGlinchy. Search and seizure continued to October 7, 1895. MRS- HENROTIN’S RECEPTION. To Be Tendered Her By the W. B. U. at Gilbert’s Hall. The';Federation of Women’s Clubs will meet at Augusta Wedensday, Thursday and Friday next. A largo delegation from this city will go down on the one o’clock express Wednesday. Among them will be Mrs. George C. Srye, Mrs. H. P. Morrill, Mrs. S. A. Stevens, Mrs. J. B. Coyle, Mrs. E. S. Osgood, Mrs. J. E. Palmer, Mrs. J. 8. Heald, Miss Inez Blanchard, Mrs Bandall Johnson, Mrs. G. O. Bailey, Miss Hittie Kenseli, Mrs. H. B. Drew and a party of six, Mrs. H. H. Shaw, Mrs. JEmery Smart, Mrs. C. A. Hight, Mrs. J. W. Dyer, Mrs. Cora Williams, Mrs. T. J. Brown, Mrs. E. A. DeGarmo, Mrs Whitman Sawyer, Mrs F. E. C. Robbins, Mrs. J.J O. Rice, Miss E. W. Varnum. The reception of Mrs. Honrotin by the Women’s Literary Union of this city will oconr next Saturday evening at Gilbert’s .Hall, which will be beautifully decorated for the occasion. Gilbert’s orchestra, aug mented by Mr. Brown, the oello player of the Boston Symphony, will furnish music and Robinson will oater. This is the full list of committees: Reception Committee—President Mrs. ,T. B. Coyle, Past Presidents Mrs. George C. Frye and Mrs. Josiah Burnham, Mrs. H. F. Dows of Bangor, President of the State Federation, ^nd Mrs S. A. tetevens. Committee on Arrangements—Mrs. r. J. Brown, Mrs. Georgo B. Bagley and Mrs. W. 3. Armstrong. At the tea tables, of which there will be six, Mrs. F. E. Boothby will serve at tbe yellow table, Mrs. Neal Smith at the red, Mrs. W. H. Stevens at the pink. Mrs. S. P. Warren at the violet, Mrs. Ed gar Payson at the green, and Mrs Charles S. Chade at the white. MUSIC AND DRAMA. Kate Claxton. The “Two Orphans'” was presented by Miss Kate Olaxton and oompany,at Port land Theatre Saturday afternoon and evening to fair sized and iences. Those who rememmber theadmirable|production of this great melo-diaama at the old the- , atre years ago were a gooa ae»u uibap< pointed in the Saturday production. And yet several of the company did very well. Miss Sate Claxton is still the pathetic picture of the play, and Miss Grace Reals as Henrietta was pleasing. The ourtain was oalled' at the close of the fifth and sixth tableaux. Saivtelle’s Dramatic Company. Tonight the Sawtelle Dramatio Co. will begin a two weeks’ engagement at Port land theatre in a repertoire of plays, and will have with them thelmperial orchestra. Beginning Tuesday there will also be matineos every day. The opening play tonight will be “ The Phoenix.” Mr. J. J. Sawtelle. Miss Jessie Sawtelle, Baby June, and the supporting members bavo Siven great satisfaction wherever the same play has appeared. The orchestra under Prof. Geo. Miller Is composed of trained artists. Popular prices prevail. The Night Clerk. Whoever fails to witness “The Night Clerk” at City hall tonight, will miss an evening of rare enjoyment, if they have a fondness for rolioking fun. “The Night Clerk” is John J. MoNally’s latest, and Peter P. Dally, Jennie Yeamans, and a big company of sixteen people, appear in the oast. The Holllis St. theatre in Bos ton-one of the most popular and impor tant of the Boston playhouses—has been crowded nightly for the past fortnight with delighted audiences and Portland is the first of the smaller oities afforded an opportunity to see the piece. Get tiokets it SUockbridge’s. Notes. NOV- 4th Salvini will appear at City HNov.llth “She Couldn’t Marry Three” will bo seen at City Hall. Nov. «, 7 and 8 Shepley Camp will pro luce the “Drummer Boy” at City Hall. Which Way. Hon. Robert G. Ingersoll is too well mown in Portland, as he is everywhere )JS0 111 LIIriV’ UUUUU17, uotu cuj «.«*** uuwv ruffing. Whatever he lias to say is worthy )f consideration whatever the topic. His atest, and the New York papers say, his greatest effort is his last “Which Way” which will he delivered at City hall to noriow night. Be sure and hear it. ” Saved From Drowning;. About 6 o’clock Saturday morning two ioys, Joseph. Follett and another one ramod Jacksom, were smelting from a roat in the g overnment channel, BacK Jove. Jackson, stopping over the seat, ost his balacctl and fell overboard. There was a swift current running out. Ho was going down for5tho“last time, whcu roung Follott quickly took an oar and ihoved it within reach of (Jackson, who jlutohod.it and was drawn to the side of ;he boat, almost OKhausted. Follett, with lifficulty, dragged him over the side. But ior^thejuresonoe of mind of Follett, Jack son would surely ha wo been drowned Boys Who Sliomld Be Watched. There are some boys frequenting Deer ing Oaks, Who will bear watching. A jontleman who was in the Oaks Saturday ind Sunday forenoo a3 was called upon two or three times to protect the gray squirrels from boys Who were pursuing them with clubs. Tthese [squirrels have become, under the good treatmentjwliioh they have rooeived, so (confiding that it is jasy to approach them amd do them harm. Freeboi*n-A *>iams A quiet wedding took place at St. Stephen’s church, Boston, Saturday ifternoon, at 3.30 o’c h >ck, when Mr. James Livingston Freoborn of Tivoli-on the-Hudson, and Miss* Alice Eloise Adams, daughter of Mr. flVid Mrs. Frank Adams, were married by Rev. H. M. l’orbert. Mr. II Luydou Despard was best man and Miss Wilhe.tnina Freeborn maid uf honor. The bride was in travelling costume. After the wedding Mr. and Mrs. Freeborn too 6 the train for Fortland and are staying The Stuart which will bo their home. HOOD'S PILLS cure Liver Ills, Biliousness, Indigestion, Headache, K pleasant laxative. Alls'Druggists. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. ’ NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. | Where Was * $ The Garden of Eden? | J BY EDWARD S. MARTIN t X What really is known of the site of the ^ X Garden and where it was supposed to be. X Interestingly told in the October issue of I THE LADIES' HOME JOURNAL I X 10 Cents on all News-stands # , j, The Curtis Publishing Company ^ ; ^ Philadelphia^ a J, B, LIBBY.1 The tide of NewAutumnais is daily sweeping in. But the undertow—the undertow of quick selling—takes them rapidly out. HAT’S ong reason for our lightning changing window shows. No sooner does the Decorator roll up the curtain on a new exhibition than some choice thing catches somebody’s eye, and out it comes from the window and into some home. v ONDAY MORNING the West window curtain rises on a Brilliant Assembly of Textile Aristocrats from the Silk department, Charm ingly woven Fancy Silks for Waists, for Dresses, for Sleeves, for Fancy Work. nE MAKE a specialty of some Dainty Brocades at $1.00, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75. Lighter tints for evening waists at $1.50. White, Pink, Cream, Pink, JNile Green themes, with all the color harmonies. Whole octavos of them. ANOTHER class of exquisite Evening Brooades are not quite A3 light. Tan with Gold, Tan with Blue, Bed with Steel, &o, &c. Gros Grain foundation beautiful y brocaded. THE ENTIRE Black family of Silks seems to have come home here to an early Thanksgiving. A glance at the window will show you Newest Black Brocade Satins and Brocade Gros Grains, $1.25 and $1.50. These started at *1.65, but Boston retailers got into a silk war and smashed the price as above. SATIN DUCHESS, Pean-de-Soie, Bengalines, Gros Grains, Satin Mirror, Satin Luxor, Moire, Watered Silk, Rhadame, Armures. Every choice Black Silk known. But, after all, the window is only a single bite of the Silk cherry. The department is the place to see them. LADIES' GARMENTS. A “TEN O’CLOCK” in the east window. A Cape and Jacket exhibit which only hints at the greater array in our Garment Store. Electric Seal Capes. Pull sweep, extra length. Wool Seal Capes. China Seal Capes. Trimmed and untrimmed. From $17.00 to $60.00. FRENCH CONEY CAPES. 27 to 36 inch length, very full sweep. Fine Skins, Best"Linings. Prices from #5.50 to $22.00. Beavers, Plush, Kersey and Astrachan Capes in great variety. A few Imported Kersey Capes, made from importers’ samples. Heavily braided. Half price. JACKETS. The finest line we ever owned. Cut by the latest dic tates of fashion. Astrachan, Boucle, Beaver, Kersey, Niggerhead, &o. SEPARATE SKIRTS. We make to order Skirts of any of our dress goods at a moderate price. Skirts all made from $3.98 to $12.00. J. R. LIBBY. Another Bicycle Accident. At the foot of Hanover street yesterday afternoon Mr. Arthur Mitchell of the Wal ter Corey Company, was run Into by a team while riding bis bicycle. I He was knocked over and somewhat bruised. His bicycle was badly broken, but he was able to carry it|home. MARRIAGES. In Boston, Oct. 6, at St. Stephen’s church, by Rev. W. H. Torbert, James Livingston Freeborn and Alice Eloise, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank A. Adams. DEATHS. In tills city. Oct. 0. Mary Josephine, (laughter of Ellen L. and the late Henry W. Horsey. [Funeral services Tuesday at 2.30 p. in., at No. 086 Congress street. In Deering. Oct. 6, Clara B. Kimball, aged CG years. [Funeral Tuesday afternoon at 3 o clock at her late home, residence of Dr. Carlton Kimball, No. 0 Pleasant street, Woodfords. [Burial at I.awrenoe, Mass. In Portland, Oregon. Sept. 29, Edward Knox Haseltiue, eldest child of Janies E. and Mary E. Haseltine, formerly of Portland, Me. [Tee funeral services of the late Cornelius Ilsley wtll be held this (Monday) afternoon, at 3.30 o’clock, at bis late residence, No. S3 Elm street. SEW ADVERTISEMENTS._ j _ NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. _ mNES BROTHERS. Big Bargains in TABLE LINEN ! On Monday we shall have a special day's sale of Bleached and Half Bleached Table Cloths. Lot No. 1, Bleached Heavy and fine quality, assorted patterns, 2 1-2 yards long, $2.00 each. Lot No 2, Bleached Nice Damask, assorted patterns, 2 1-2 yards long, $1.88 each. Lot No. 3, Bleached Medium weight, handsome patterns, 2 1-2 yards long, $1.63 each. Lot No. 4, Bleached Medium weight, quite fine, 3 yards long, $1.95 each. Lot No. 5, Bleached Small Figured Damask, 2 1-2 yards long, $1.25 each. Lot No. 6, Half Bleached Heavy All Linen Cloths, 2 1-2 yards long, $1.13 each. Lot No. 7. Half Bleached, All Linen, soft finish, 2 1-2 yards long, 95 cents each. These goods will be sold at our linen department and every piece marked in plain figures, the size and price, so that customers waiting to be served may examine the bargains. Sale begins at 8 o’clock, RINES BROTHERS. ORDUROY for uphol stering pur poses has come t o espec the pat terns we are showing for the Fall trade. UR NEW FAIL LINE of furni ture coverings are far ahead o f anything ever shown by us. For Design and colorings we have found perfection. EMEMBER we are manufac turers, and in buying of us you are sure of getting a new article and have it made up in your choice of the latest uphols tering Fabrics. XTRA mon e y for goods made to order is enstomary in most any busi ness. But with us it is dif ferent. OH can have anything in onr line of up ho Is 11* r ingminb1 >o order a i : !ie same price you would pay else where for the same ar ticle ready made. Isn’t this worth your cons i d era tion? Special Patterns - IN - NEW FALL FABRICS - FOB — UPHOLSTERING - ANP - DRAPERY. Alhambra Corduroy. Trilby Corduroy. Fern Brocade. Capucine Velvet. Alhambra Mol eskins. Ondulu Tapestries. Silk Armnrc. Gobelin Tapestries. Dorubim Silks. Oriental Velours. Coribo Corduroy. Persian Tapestries. La Tosca Silks. Le Grande Damask, Nevo Frou Frou. Jasamine Damask. Fiileton Brocades. Silk Brocatelles. Cretonnes. Jutes. Denims, &c. WALTER COREY CO., KELIABLE House Furnishers and Manufacture SS Free St. oot7 eoJl