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Portland gazette and Maine advertiser. (Portland, Me.) 1805-1818, September 30, 1805, Image 1

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No. 24, u* V*L. VIII.)
[ITuolb. NX 383.
From lhe :ind Commercial Remitter.
J /r. 'fejers oris *Administration.
TO detail the evils which have ac
crued to the people of the United States,
from the prefent temporifing and relaxed
adminitlrution of their general government \
to explain the embarraillnents thatha ve ar
iifen to our country irom the non-fulfill
ment of treaties, on the part of foreign na
tions, who, after receiving the iiipulated
price of a ruinous purchal'e, have fo long
refufed to cjuietour pofTeffion of the wilder
nefs : to recount the lodes of our plundered
commerce by the free-hooters of even the
leafl efficient cf the maritime powers *, to
recite the impolitions which her agents are
permitted to practife on our merchants, by
creeling their confular offices into Cultom
Houles, within the United States, for the
fhameful purpofe of extorting fees on flop
ping papers ; to enumerate the itnmedi
ate Jittrefles to our manufactures, and the
eventual injury to our agriculture from thefe
ovations of treaties, and thefe piracies and
exactions on commerce, would exhibit a
Itatcment or abufes, degrading beyond the
example or fuduring of any at;e or nation.
In what page ol hiltory fhall we look for
the precedent of a people, circumltanced as
the United States are, fubmirting to ag
gre&ions that fruilrate the industry, and de
feat the enterprife of a neutral and unof
fending nation—a nation too, which with
due ex * uon on the part of its government,
is in a capacity not only to arreft but to
punifh the aggrcflions.
That war is a great calamity, Sc ought,;by
every mean confident with honor and fafe
ty, to be ihunned, we (hall readily concede,
but that the tame endurance of robbery and
infuft, with all the evils that could attach to
actual war, is a If ate of rational fuffering
infinitely more aggravated and afHi<fting,
'muff alfo be admitted.
injury and difgracc are the infeparable at
tendants on national humility and concef
fion— but fafety and refpeCt await the peo
ple who are prepared fm war, and refolutc
, lv determined to maintain their right.
Does it any longer admit of a quedion,
with the truly patriotic American, whether
fer the mere gratification of party fpirit,
artfully fomented by thofe who benefit from
the prclent order of things, men utterly in
competent td meafures of national dignity
anJ defence, fhould be perpetuated at the
head of affairs—or that, by bringing into
the national councils the wifdorrt and vigor
of firm, experienced and practical ftatefmert,
we fhould reitorc our declining fame, re
iumeour rank among nations, and give to
our citizens thofe immunities, which mud
always dow from a wife, impartial, and dig
nified ad miniitration of the government ?
Are we weak enough to fnppofe that the
character of our rulers has no influence on
the conduct of foreign nations towards us,
or can we believe that their characters have
not been completely analyfed, and ate not
correctly understood ?
L there a ltatefman iii Europe who is
not informed of the opinions which Mr.
Jefferfon entertains, and which have been
publifhed, of the government which he now
admiiulltirs ?
Is there a frenchman who has not read,
with equal contempt and fatisfaftion, the
animadverficns in Mr. Jefferfon s letter tc
Mazzei, on General Wafhington and his
compatriots, who formed and afterwards
adminiftered the conftttution—“ Tlnfe Sol *
cmon< in council, and Samp forts the field,
“ cu/yfi locks 10 re /horn by the luhore $f
“ England r” — Is there an Englifhnian win*
has not read, with equal repugnance and
ciifguit, this illiberal and unfounded flriclure
on his nation ? Js there a real American
who does not reproach and reject the bale
inhumation which that Uric.lire conveys
againlt the l ather u: his Country ? Is
tliere either American or Spaniard who is
unacquainted with t ie *nean and fplenetic
prscce ings w »icli teftored z foreign minif- (
ter w ith whom rnrercourfe had been refu
fed by former adtniniftra'rons, for having
groffty intuited the nation, in making, thro1
the newfpnpcYs, all appeal from its govern
me.U to the peopr f Or U any one fg
rwraftt of the ren tn which this iVrv mitv$
fer h'as rrraif- to Mr Tetlirfon', by repeat mp
the in lidt with impunity
I.s there an indivi oval5 of either* heir.it
pher?, acquainted vith tfie hi ft or y of the
American revolution, who is ignorant that
Mr Jfile.His0 lhdicatrd the government of
Virghriyat the very rv'meat when an in- |
Vauiiqg enrrrr, threatened to ful>due his na-(
tfiwft.'tc — ()t is ‘h-wr r r. an, who, ehhef
politically or pliyftcally, combine*, the ideas,
that would not inter the fame effect:, from
the lame ceufe, fhouhi the occafion recur.
And do we wonder at the conduit of
foreign na ions towards us ? Do we look
for tha: refpect from them, which we v* ith
hold from ourfelves ?
In what citimarion can that country, or
its goveremem be held, whole finances are
adminiffered by a man who when out of
oilice, was an inceffant declaimcr againlt
taxation, who, in office, has never propofed
one beneficial fifeal arrangement, who on
the deliberative lloor bad threatened “ to
jhp cle veels of government”—and who, in Ins
private capacity, has dared to pro (bribe ev
ery citizen, who Ihould attempt to carry in
to effect the law, of the United States ?
Do Mr. Gallatin and Mr Jefferfon flatter
themfelves that the conduit ot the Secretary
ot the infurgeHt meeting at Parkinfon’s Per
ry is buried in oblivion —or that either the
fpecial injury to Pennfylvania, the fhock giv
en to the whole nation, or the expence of
one million tiro L indeed and fifty thou fund d'fd>‘s
incur ted b\ the injur reclion% has ceaicd'o be
felt ?
1 he lenity of the government fpared the
culprit; but ages will elapse before the of
fence and its conCequences are forgotten_
nor muff Mr. Jefferfon fuppoie the world
ignorant that the fame man, the identical
Albert Gallatin, who was fecr^tarv of the
infurgents, was, immediately on Mr. JcfT
erfon’s acceiliou to the Prefidency, appoin
ted Secretary of the Treafury of the United
I States !
An appointment Which contiadicled ev
ery maxim of Jultice, and went to the ex
cluiion of abler mep and better citizens.
Is there a man at all conversant with cori
grcffional proceedings, who has not feen the
relolutiona that were Supported bv Mrt
ALcdi/bn, for frqueltrating the debts due bv
our individual citizens to the merchants of
Great Britain ? Is there a diplomatic char
acter, cither at home or abroad, wJlo, wit
neifing the infults and injuries whfcli we
| sre daily fuffering, 1$ not ready to eiclalrri
— Where is the indignant Spirit that impel
led Mr. Maddifon, when in congrels, and
under a former admin iteration, to Support
the lealt justifiable and vwidictive of war
meafures, a fequeitration of the debts due
from and to individuals ? Did this Warlike
fpirit evaporate on his entrance into execu
tive office, or had the genoiH of hiS pa
tron been luffiered in this, as in every oth
er inltance, to rebuke his underftar.ding ?
. Can we fuppofe that foreign nation^
draw no inference from so palpable a con
trail in the conduct cf Mr, Madifon, a
member of congrefs, and the fame Mr.
Madifon, Secretary of itate ? Can it be
doubted by the moil timid that fuch a pow
er as Spain, under a. knowledge that the
beil refourceS of the United States would
be brought into a£tion by a call of patriotic*
capable, and efficient ltatemen to guide
their councils,would not have long fince re
linquillied her otFenfive & injurious conduct
towards Us ? Or is it to be prefumed, that
even Great Britain, under fuch a conviction
would perlilt in meafures which derive their
adoption aiid enforcement from the known
imbecility of the government ; and which
the firlt remonltrance of a vigorous admin
illration would occafion t«> abandon
But as ev£a a preparation for war would
be a lignal for a fecond abdication of gov
ernment; tlie abules of the nation mult be
endured, that a leader who is-as dellitute of
capacity as he ii of courage, may continue
ill place.
From fhc Norfolk Led^r—-Strpt. 12.
Arrival cf late Tripoli fie Captives.
TUESDAY arrived in Hampton Roads,
the U. S frigate President, of 44 guns,
Commodore Barron, captain ^mes Barron,
S days from Gibraltar. By this fhip we
are relieved from all anxiety upon this in
terelling fubjccb, for sot only fdoes (lie
bring the certain account of peace being
concluded, and the releafe of our unfortu
nate coimtrymCn, but (he 'has' brought capt.
Bainbridge, his officers, and part of his crew
a number of whom are now in town. We
offer them out felicitations upon this happy
o^cafibny and fmcetcly Hope that the pleas
ures they wiH meet with in their native
country, and in the embraces of rheir friends,
will compenfate in a meafure their pall fuf
ferings. We are forry to uni I er ft and Corn
mod, ore Barfoil has returned in very b-v*
Kxit ic
,rs which v:c r..r .;
• cf trha* bat btr
n a'r/adv
I publilhed.—Gen. Eaton defervcs great cred
: it i to bis ertterprife aiul courage we are
! principally- indebted for the attainment of
thele Important objects. We underftand
tliat Ceil. Eaton reached Derue, about the
Idfl of April, when he inilantly attacked
\ l)ie Eafhaw’h army, and defeated it with
little lols, himfell being wounded in the
right arm fo as to render it lifeler* The
j L*w Americans who were in the a&ion,
j difplayed a courage that confounded the
| 1 urks ; t• ley were appointed to lead the
. attack, which fervice they performed in a
j manner that did honor ro their ceuutrV.
We underftand that at the time Gen. Ea
ton attacked the army by tend, that capr.
; Hull in the Argus, capr. Dent in the ttau
t’!u\ , and Lictlc. Leans. of the Hornet bomb
j ketch, attacked the batteries by lea.
Gen. Eaton s army was, we underfland,
cempofed of 1500 men, and that of the
Balhaw s of 5000. 1 his intrepid little band
j marched !loo miles acrofs tire Sandy L)cftKtst
, throdgh a holtilc country, and had feveral
partial actions before the deciflvc 011c at
1 Erne. Gen. Eaton was wounded when
, in the act of cutting duw n a Setk of the
Baifhaw’s army.
1 he refult of this action appears to have
j been an immediate propafal front the Balh
aw for peace i Col. Lear went immediately
to 1 ripoii, and a treaty of peace w>s ligned
( on the 3d of |line, and our countrymen re
leafed the next day* The terms we cannot
; tearn fully, but wr underftand that as far as
we had Tripolitans they were exchanged
man for man, for the balance of Americans,
we are to pay C:c,ooo dollars. Some pro
vifion, but what we cannot underfUnd, is
made for the Ex-JSu/l.nu ; his wife and fam
ily who were detained as Holt ages, are to be
liberated. As the dificial accounts are gone
on to Waffling ton, we mult fulpend our
curiohty as to rhe other articles for the pref
i he Prefidcnt left Syracufe the 7th
cf July :—Ihe following was the deftribti
tion of the American fqiiadrcn at that time.
Ihe frigates Con Aitution, (Jonftellation, and
Eflex, with the brigs Syren and Vixen, and
bomb ketch. Hornet, were at Svracufe $
the Argus had failed for Egypt, and the
Nautilus lor Mcfina. IKe frigate John
Adams and two gun boats anchored the day
the Prcfident tailed. Gen. Eaton failed for
the United States in a merchant vcflel. j
The Ex-Bafttaw was at Syracufe when the
Prelident failed* I he Prefident on her paf
fage to Gibraltar got near the Spanith coaft,
was taken for a Britiih frigate, and tired
Upon from the batteries.
In addition to the above, we have it from
Mr. Dove, who was on board one of the
bombarding vefTels daring the attack c:i
Dtrru, that out of 500 Americans engaged
on Ihore, there were only five killed, which
took place at the time Capt. O'Bcinon, who
was fecond In command, had, with his lit
4 * “ r , * 9
tie band, lealed the walls and pulled down
the Tiirkiili Hag in place of which he im
mediately hoilted the American ftandard ! |
The prefent Ball.aw* of TriftJy i< dated
by our Officers to be i man of confiderable
talent and bravery,mixed with great cruelry,
1 although they did not experience themfelves
[ any uncommon lhare of the laft quality —
| at one time on the attack of the brave Preble,
when every man was driven from a fort but
the Balliaw, he remained, coolly examining
the operations with a fpy-glafs. After the
action of Eaten s, that led to a peace, he
•was heard t* declare, that if lie (liocM ap
proach nearer to Ttipely, he would mafia
cree every American, and every Chruttan
in his power.* Mr. Lear has been blamed
for making a treaty precipitately and before
the appearance of the fleet, but as the clan
ger of thfc prifoners was imminent, and
their releafe the principal object of the war,
it would appear that no moment that could
attain this del;rable end was to be wafted in.
calculations o! future fucccfs, and that m
embracing the rrry firft op*ning to resale
them from the cruelty of the Bafltaw^ and
(hutting the door forever on the TC\\irn cf
his caprice or the chance of future everts,
he a&td whh the wifilom and p«recifioR' of
a politician and patriot.
The officers and men appear while in Tri
/>•/)' to have been liberally treated and fup
plved by the confuls of fne chiidian nations
there, atid from th_ir generofhy ro have
, tafled ot the Vines denied to rheir Mahom
! matters*.—tbls, perhapj, might have
igiven the IS a thaw an idea that the Air.eri
* cans in their different attacks were «h link,
* for he often laid, when our vcflels ilouti in
* fo Ivd l!y, and m.i V Inch near approaches
to V.»fort'. *!i •' ii H«re ill drunk—
if the attack was made in the afternoon,
thcv had hton drinking at dlniitt-—-it jn the
morning, they liad been drinking atl ni-^hr
— none but madmen, drunkards or devils
wouhl run inch rifles— and in this wav he
apojogiiai to hiiufcif lor the uefertion and
llight ot his own men.
• Nothing can be more ridiculous th;.u this ©bfVr
vation. If a threat of destroying the American prilou
ern could have had any influence, it had Wen irhd .
yet the new expedition iliews it could have no eft ct
on government. Bolides, if fears could have driven
the Bafh.iw of f ripoli to the facriflce of our country
men, it woulj hate been when the gallant Preble made
the walls of Ids city tremble ; and when the Commo
dore prerented the Bafhaw a fpecimtn of the vengeance
he was taking, by fending back to him the
he had captured. If fear or rage, could have
influenced the daftard to affaflination, then would have
been the time. No—No—The Bafluw knew our cap.
ti\e crrjntrymcail were the beft guarantee for his life,
in cafe the city fiiould be taken. The pretence, we
ha\ e good reafon to fay, has been made to cover the
jcaloufy and envy of the negotiators of the Peace,
left the glory of conquering Tripoly, emancipating
hi> countrymen, and placing on its throne an ally of
the Ihiited States, riiould belong to General EATON.
If the public will examine the fubjedl of the treaty
they Will be convinced, that to an ungcucrous iealoufy
have the fair profpect* of Gen. Eaton and the Ex-Ba
thaw been facritfctd. ^Ve heard of this jca!oufy a
long time fince ; we lament it; and we have evidence
to fupport an opinion, that had the Peace been delay
ed two months longer ■, had a fquadron of our fltet
cheerfully ce-opcrated with Mr. Eaton, and after
the capture of Dcrne and Bengali, had tranfpor
ted liis victorious tfob^s acrofs the bay Sidra*
our Countrymen would ‘have beer: Released
without Ranfem —the Rightful Prince would
have been Rcjlirtd fo the Throne cf Trig zb;:
und the American I:leig would be now Trium
phant/) flying over that City.—Centu.cl.
V. y * Urn
, W* nave held in ou> pofft-Oion for fomc time
paft, a very interelting letter from General Eaton,
written at the time he was about to enter the Lybian
Defart in his operation* againft Tripoly, to one of his
eorrefpondents in this State. We havefereborne lay
ing it before our readers, left its publication might
pofiibly prejudice the important expedition he was
engaged in -.—But it now being ascertained that th*
expedition has been abandoned ; and that our gallant
and Jifappuinti i Countryman, together with the Bath
awHamet, add.about 90 bf tlicir faithful followers,
have escape*! to racuf*. vc fjv efuMpedy for we are
told, that thefolJkry which had been embodied by Gen.
Eaton, and the Ex-Baihaw, and who were flufhed with
the proipectof sharing the piilage of the Ulurper’s ter
ritory, on finding, in the Peace which had been con
cluded, the fruftrations of all their hopes, became out
rageous, and their vengcanpe had like to have been fa
tal to Both tHe General and the liafhaw)—we think it
no longer neteflary to withhold it from the public. At
prefem \ve fhall flot make any other comment on the
extracts we give, than merely to fay, they delineate a
deep and aide Politician,united with the cool, perl'e
vering and intrepid Bartizan, and that they will b4
rtad v ith £ieat intercii. — Cent.
“ l'-gvpt—Province of Be fora, village if
UinUinfour, fan. 25, 1805.
n ARcr touching at Malta, the Argus
aimed ,ac Alexandria [Egypt] on the 26
November, 1804. We received frem 'the
Britifh R dident at Cairo, and Cornu l at
Alexandria, every afflltance which the na
ture of our affairs and their duty could re
quire and admit. At Alexandria it was in
timated to me, that Hamet Bashaw,.
~jhc F.KifeJ Prlrre f "Tripolij r/as not to be
had without application to hif flex, to whom
lie had attached himfcIf \ bot !i of whom
were ir. upper Egypt a&ing with the JVhm
tiukt* Beys againil tke Otomin government;
And tb whom aciefs was barred by vhc Tur
ilh atmy. Under theft difcourageing ap
pearances ami contrary to the advice of eve
ry body on the fcaccaR, on the 'cth Nov
ember 1 bft Alexandria, for grand Cairo,
with three officers. Incut. O^Bannan, Me firs
Maim and Dame Ucn ; ami *j few men frt>m
the bVig ; vcho, together with force other ,
recruited on the fpot, a.id at Rosetta, niXic
ari efcort of eighteen, '1 his precaution
was ucct ITary on ;xc. unt of the banks » f
the Nile being mfcfkd b\ the wild Arabs ct
.the Defert, atltl by draggling Ainaut delcrt
ers from the Grand Seignior's army ;—the
the former fubftft by p|m.«.er ;—rh« latter
rob and murder Inriifdiminately every de
tencelcfs bemg th ntife appearance denotes
; property. Both n:uve in bodies, and have
; rendered themicRea terrible throughout i.

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