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The Portland gazette. [volume] (Portland, Me.) 1818-1824, July 09, 1822, Image 2

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INDf \.
Account- *p»'n In lia give the m<wt distressing
d^taift of the 4. strjotive pr »gre«s of the Cholera
Moriwu.— % ie ravages at Hussorah, have been
most dreadful.—Of the principal nlorchants of
tae place, not one remains alive, all have f.il
b>n victims to the prevailing scourge*' 'The
deaths amount to 150 p^r day on pti average, and
* ie inhabitants were dying from the p!ac° in ev
ery direction.—The epidemic had found its way
t the Arabian coast, and was doing incredible
mischief—lu the province of Omman it lia.l
carried off 40,«H)0 people; aril in the city of
Muscat and its neighboring villages, no less than
10,000 persons had fallen victims to if, in the
short space of V n dre. s.
GREET K.
The Dutch papers are full of details, highly
Consolatory,respecting the triumphs which every
where attend the Grecian arms. The subscrip
tions in aid of their cause in Russia alone, a
ifcounted to 900,000 rubles.—[~V. 1'. Com. Adv.
TrrtKEY.
A vest'd has arriv- J at Toulon with intelli
gence t' it the Greeks were beseigmg the Turk*
. Is the Aaropolii, at Athens, and it was thared
(Lat many <*; the noble works of art in that city
would be destroyed. The Parthenon, (Temple
of Minerva) has been demolished. The French
Admiral bad succeeded in saving some of the
beautiful has reliefs which adorn the celebrated
lantern of Demosthenes.
Accounts liave been received to-day,(May 17,)
from Odessa to the '^Otli nit. with information
from Constantinople to the 1 ttb. Tlie former
Sj/iik of war as extremely probable, but men
tion that there was so great a scarcity of foo l
among the Russian forces on the frontiers of
Turkey, that it was supposed they would be
obliged to change their quarters, as there was
not more than ten days provisions remaining.
The Captain Pacha had quitted the Turkish cap
ital, in order to take the command of the squad
ron proceeding against the Grctks,and which had
been for some time under preparation.
By a vessel which bad a very quick passage
from St. Petersburg!), letters have been rcceir
< d of the 4*ii in=t. < >n this authority it is stated,
tfiat the F.ir.perer Alexander had set out to joiu
the armies, but the exchange on London did not
experience any decline in consequence. Of
the negociations with Turkey little is mentioned,
and that, too, in so guarded a way, that i't is im
possible to arrive at any conclusion on the sub
met. The political relations between Russia
and Turkey, it is asserted, had undorirone no
change since the last advices were written.
HOLL AND. .
Rotter'lctm.— A letter from 1 lolland says,u «he
King has at length approved of tlie plan long
Since suggested for the construction of a C ana!
to shorten the communication between lielvo
cjshns and Rotterdam. All that is required,
indeed, is to elfect an excavation through the
small island of Voorn, to extend from a little
distance above Iielvoct to the village of Heerliet
on tiic opposite side. The advantages Rotter
dam will derive from this measure will be obvi
ous to all w ho cast their eyes on the map ; since
besides lessening the distance to Helvoetsluys
the Canal will be made navigable for vessels
drawing twenty feet water and upwards.”
A*. Y. Gaz.
GREAT BRITAIN.
Slav r<j.—Tlie anniversary meeting of the African
Institution was held in London on the lOth May, and
1500 persons are «aid to have beeu present. It ap
peared from the report which was read, that a great
.ncrease had takan place in the Slave Trade since tiie
fast anntal meeting. The greatest traffic was carried
on in the river Bonny ami at Calabar, where 352
Vessels had entered for the purchase of slaves. The
meeting was adrtressed by several distinguished gentle
men, who complimented the North and Scuth Ameri
can governments for their zeal in suppressing this a
ho in in a hie tiaTic. John Randolph, Esq. late member
of Congress was present, and addressed the meeting.
He returned thanks for the handsome manner in which
his country had bt en mentioned. He was apolauded
fn the course of his sjteech, anj sat down amidst bursts
of applause. Amir. Statesman.
B. Mr Randolph would have
shown his consistency fo more advantage, if
he had made himself able to add, that previ
ous lo his departure trim America, he hid
liberated the many “ fellow men,” that ho
bolds in slavery, and the sweat of whose
brows i« poured forth to enable him to live in
luxury, and traverse the globe at his pleasure.
Though Mr. R. asserts, Virginia has iojiounc
ed the Slave Trade, yet her citizens purchase
with impunity the slaves thus made. Query,
h not ihe receiver as bad tire thief?
Cent.
It has been emphatically «aid that the mo
mem a Slave tread* upon English ground. Ins
shackles fall off. Even Mr. Kamlolph seems
to breathe more freely in an English atmos
phere, and to be at once inspired w ith a just
abhorrence of that system of slavery, and
traffic in human llesb, with which a portion
of our country is cursed. Sal. Gaz.
DUELLING.
The Earl of Wcrtmeagii was sentenced on .
fyc '3th May, for three months imprisonment,
in he King’s Bench prison, and to give
heavy bonds afterwards to keep the Peace,
for having sent a challenge to ught a duel. He
left the Court in the custody ot a tipstaff.
Diltetsses in Ireland.
The distresses of Ireland had cadeJ into
action the charitable contribution* i f England,
Ireland and Scotland, and up to our latest ac
counts, about 100,0001. sterling bad been
raised for their relief.
A vote to authorize the expenditure of
50.000/. to give employment to die poor of
Ireland, in the repair of public road*, and
other public work*, passed the House of Com
rr.ons on the 17th May.
,i thief caught in a rat trap.—A few days
back peace oflicer Halpin took Edward Con
nor, « ho lived a> set vant with Mr. Jackson,
in Dublin, into cu^'ody, on the following
complaint ! Mr. Jackson stated that be had
h*s a considerable quantity of wearing a|
pare», and not being able to trace the luhlxr
le? to any person, w as determined to lay
a rat trap h* him.—The property was stolen
from a case of drawers, which u ed to be fore,
ed half open, so as <o admit a man’s hand.
Mr. Jackson *#»! a trap, nmd laid it in the
drawer,on the evening cf the 3tHi ultimo,
and in an hour afterwards there was a dread
ful cry o( dis?re«s heard by the family below
stnirs. Mr. Jack- >n rati up, ami found Con
nor's band fast in die rat trap. He was com
mitted for trial.
Kent, the water pedestrian, has undertaken,
for a w ager ot 1000 guineas, to walk across
the s*»a from L) »ver to Calais.
Extraordinary produce. — Doctor Roulston,
ol Kapboe, in Ireland, lately Jog in his garden
a single potafoe top, w hich produced 008 niid
' die sized potatoes.
I . The present amount of the stamp »« little
•hurt of one million, six hundred and fifty two
thousand dollars per annum.
The cultivation of Flax in England is bp
I coming tmrre general. Celling the «ten» with
out dew-rotting or watering, enables the far
mer to make a <piick return. In some in
stances, has pcid from iO to id pounds per
acre.
FT? A\f F.
The Abbe Si card, the celebrated director of
the institution of the deaf and dumb, died in I’a
ris on the 10th of May, at the advanced age of
eijrbtv.
30 communes in the S. of Trance have been de
vastated by a hail storm.
. west-indies.
Unpleasant Report.—Accounts received at
Havana, on the 11th ult. stated, that the crew
> of a U. S. vessel (30 men) landed at Cajie Anton
' io with the view of intercepting the crew of a
■ piratical vessel, which they had pursued, and
were attacked by a party of mountaineers on
horseback, and literally cut to pieces. The ac
count was received by the mail, which arrived
at Havana over land, and was generally believ
ed.
Accounts from Havana state that Piracy con
tinued to be carried on more formidably than
ever—not a vessel arriving but exhibited proofs ,
of the violence of these marauders. At Orguin 1
and Principe,on the south of Cuba, British and
1 rench goods taken by the Pirates, arc contin
ually sacrificed at one fourth of their value, and
I in great quantities.
( From Havana. —“ Piracies continue.—A
French and an English brig have been robbed
i oi nearly $300,000 by three piratical schooners.
W e hope the Spark nnd Grampus will fall in
with these buccaneers.”
The interior of Cuba is said to be in a disturb
ed state, but no particular- had transpired.
SOUTH AMERICA.
The latest advices received at Havana repre
<ont Mexico as iu a very unsettled state. The
entire regiment of Catalonia had left Havana,
under convoy of a Spanish frigate fjt tire relief
of fort St. Juari de l Inn, where th6 royalists re
tired w hen the revolution broke out. lturhide
had been crowned Emperor, and a bishop of high
standing made Pope. The people were divided
on these political occurrences; but it was thought
from the great ascendancy lturhide had acquired,
that he would succeed in put ring down all the op
ponents of his measures. Thus do we already
already find existing anticipations of this self
created monarch playing the tyrant_Com. Ad.
Earthquake.
Capt. Tefft. arrived at New York from the
j Spanish Main, informs that there was a severe
•.arthqnake on the IVlain. which commenced on
j ttie 10th, and lasted uutill the 19th of May.
| Many of the inhabitants were killed, and others
[had abandoned their houses and took refuge in
I the country.
From Jamaica.—The eifitor of the Kingston
(Jamaica) Chronicle, in noticing a report from
Carthagena that the United States hud recognis
ed the r ndependcnce of South America, observes,
“ We 1 ve no doubt that the above intelligence J
is correct, as it corresponds with our previous
information from the U. States. We have like
wise been informed that the American squadron
in the Pacific Ocean, consisting of the Franklin
74, k,r,. arc expected to call at Panama about the
last of May or the beginning of June.”
The editors express an opinion that our recog
nition of the independence of Colombia will ha/e
an important effect in the present state of affairs
in Mexico, more especially as the Spanish Cortes
have recently declared that the treaty between
hen. (VDonoiuand the Mexican chief Iturbide,
is null and void—[A'. J'. Gaz.
- - _ __ '
MISSISSIPPI.
W.ARNl>G TO Bl.ASPHEMFRS.
JN alchf z, Jur.c 1.—On the evening of the 2.>th
ult. a man by the name of William Claris, from
Pittsburg, ami late of Baton llouge, was killed
by a stroke of lightning on the blutf, in front of
this city, while standing under a tree for shelter.
Phis unhappy man had jus* been indulging in the
most extreme profanity, insulting the Majesty of
Heaven in terms ol wanton malignity ; and a
mongst otiier dreadful expressions bad just ex
pressed a wish that the Almighty God would se nd
a flash of lightning from I leaven to strike him to
death. I he thunder at this monont was raving,
and ihe lightning Hashing through the Heavens
m the most appalling and terrific manner, and
in a tew monents the boasting tongue which
breatiled anathemas against its Maker, JC the eve
that had braved the avenging Hash, lav stilled and
dosed in death. His body, lay a scathed and
w ithered corpse on the blackened earth. *ifow
weak and how w icked arc the idle denunciations
of man ; to revile, to outrage his fellow man, is
wicked ; to revile, to outrage, and defy his Crc
, ator, is horrible.
AT, AB ARM A.
A gang of counterfeiters hr.\ e been discovered
in a cave in thi> state? with a papermill, and cv
crj material for earning on business on an ex
tensive scale. They were discot ered by a par
*y oi citizens oi Tuscaloosa, who (ravelled in the
woods 100 miles and went without fixvl two days
U iore they reached the manufactory. In the
catc were found bills wet from the press, and
other? signed and ready for the market,
FLORIDA.
It i? '-tired in the South Carolina State Journ
al, Oi the* Kttfi ult. “ that there is nut a single 1
p .we lor di\ me worship, nor a minister of the i
gospel, m all Florida.’’
SOUTH CAROLINA. !
I.VSl KIU CTIOX OK THE ITj^CKS.
V. e understand, says the X. Y. American, that
| Tetters hare been just received in town, from
| C harleston, which state that an insurrec
tion of the negroes had been planned in that
T place, but was happily frustrated by the dctec
ji°n °l the plot r,bout three davs before the peii
d bxed fur its accuinphahmrnt. About twenty
have been ar'rtsle T, Carer if whom wc?’.
servants in the family of Gov. Tlennei^anil were
to have been his murderers. 'J'br: e! lest of them
was to have been the principal chief ami leader,
when the government of the whites should be
orerthrot. n ; and as a reward for destroying his
master, he was to receive iri marriage the Gov
ernor's daughter, a young lady about lb years
of age.
It is said, on what authority we know not,
that the negroes Were induced to undertake the
project from hearing rope t» d an unguarded ex
. prts.ii on of an eminent Judge, mho reported
i to have said that a negro had been illegally ex*
; touted ; and these iguonnt deluded wretches,
it seems, have thought proper to take the admin
I i* t ration of Justice into tiieir own hands.
JV*. Y. Amer
DELAWARE.
A lottery is advertised in this state; for the
purpose of drawiug comfortable births in a bury
ing ground ! f
COLUMBIA.
Ml MFICKKCE.
Mr. Thomas Tracy, of Alexandria, has lately
bequeathed, for the use of iho Bible Society of
the Di^riet of Columbia, the sum of .7 »00, and
a residuary legacy estimated at ',000.
PENNSYLVANIA.
Counterfeit Dollars ami halt dollars have late
ly been detected in this state.
It is proposed at Philadelphia to send a ship
load of provisions from that city for the relief of
the suffering poor in Ireland.
NEW YORK.
A united Domestic Missionary Society, has
been formed at New-York. A meeting was
held on Wednesday last. It has in its service
29 Missionaries.
We have received as a present, a handsome
specimen of btra wherries from the garden of Mr.
Charles Oaklov, of which the live largest meas
ured 17 inches in circumference, and were of
the most delicious flavor.—II. Post.
Centra. June 1q.—A shocking accident hap
pened at Cashung on Saturday afternoon last.
As two lads were hunting squirrels, o*»e passed
between them, when tliev were standing thiee
ro«ls apart. One of them fired,and a shot entered
the 1 irehead of the other, an inch and a half a
bovethe right eye : he did not fall until he saw
the blood flowing from the wound.
He wascarried to Dr. Vanderburgh,who opened
the head in search of the shot., and after clearing
away the coagulated blood, found it had peforat
ed the sk^H about the size of a small rifle ball,
and on introducing the probe, to our utter as
tonihment we saw it sink, almost by its own
weight, five inches through the centre of the
right lobe of the brain. A large piece of batter
ed lead was extracted, by means of a small pair
slender bladod delicate forceps. He complain
ed of very little pain, and had full possession of
his senses.
He has been much more comfortable since the
operation.
Among the sights exhibited on Independence
day in New Itork, we are told by the Commer
cial Advertiser, was “a learned Pig, who can;
inform maids when they will become wives, and 1
hen-picked husbands when they will become
widowers. He is said to he as cJeTcr at figures
as the secretary of trie i reasury, amt can actual
ly tell when that great financier will be able to
pay oil" the National debt.”
Eber Lewis, of Pcnficld, aged 104 years, is tax
ed this year for highway work of two days. The
old gentleman means to pay the tax by personal
labour.
RIIODE-ISLAXD.
An of>n Fish.
Providence, June 28.—A fish, weighing from
50 to 60 pounds, and corre-ponding in every re
spect with the description of the one lately caught
in the waters of New-Jersey, has been discover
ed near the Slate Rook, on Seekonk River. It
came on shore during 1 lie thunder-storm ou the
night of the 20th instant.—American.
Ingenious Invention.
A gentleman residing at Newport,has invent
ed a species of mirror trap. This trap is con-1
structcd with a mirror at the remotest end. The !
boast, or the bird, discovers one of his ow n spe
cies, and is caught by the deception.
The General Assembly has lately been in ses
sion in Newport ; no subjects of general inter
est were acted upon, but some of their measures
soem to’indicate an absence of correct lesrisla
• n
live principles; c. g. A man under sentence of
death for Rape peti tinned for a new trial, because
the jury had misconceived the nature of certain
confessions, and because new evidence l«gri been
discovered. The Assembly refused to granl a
-mw trial, bid commuted his punishment of death
to that of a confinement J'or six months ! Again,
authority was granted to sundry persons to insti
tute a Tottery for the purpose of building a
Jieetingdiouse. Portsmouth Journal.
VERMONT.
A wr.c ir vx Independence.
It is said ihat the citizens of Rutland, celebrat
ed t! e 4th of July, bv turning out, en masse, to '
complete a piece of unfinished road in that town.
NEW-II AMPSIIIRE.
Remarkable Case.
Widow Elizabeth Told, (formerly Emery)
now leaving at Pembroke, beg; n to grew deaf at
the age of 40, and contiiv „ ‘ in this state almost
entirely deaf until last November, at which time
she was eighty years of age. 'All at once the
smallest sound became painful, and the natural
voice to her seemed like thunder; and since that
time she hears with the most perfect accuracy.
The Legislature have removed from office
Edward Evans, Esq. Judge of Probate for the
county of Grafton uud Notary Public, for iru
proper conduct
_COMMUNICATIONS,
SOUTH BERWICK,
Mr. SrnRxr.r,
i .te anuivcrsar)’ of our National Independence was
celebrated in ibis place, in that true sprtit of patrint
is,,,t W'liich its retuiu should ever excite. The day
u ;is ushered in by the (ini'ol hells, discharge ol
cannon, display of National Flag -, ^c. Ail parties
united in the relchration.—At 11 o'clock a procession
v.as formed at Mrs. Frost’s Hotel, consisting of the
citizens ol this, and the neighlicning towns, and under
the direction of Col. Charles Green, Marshal ol the
ay, moved to the Meeting-House of the Rev. Mr.
rbompson, where tl.e Declaration ot Independence was
read by John I’. Lord Esq. accompanied with some
very interesting prefatory remarks; after which, an
Oration, replete w ith patriotic principles, and w ritten
in a stile ot clsstic purity, was eloquently delivered by
DAN ID HANES. Esq. After the public exercise®.
• the company returned to Mrs. Ernst's Hall and par
took ol a dinner sened up for the occasion ; the af
ternoon was speut in rational enjoyment; great ha;
mony prevailed ; discharge of cannon and a brilliant
! display ol tire wot;.* clw.-ed ti t tveiling.
}
Ths cr'»ebrat*o'i tw calctrfatad to * 4rca!j;h a a
perpetuity to pruriotia feelings and nerve the arm tu
resist tucfe to any infraction of our Liberty.
\Ik. Smaixr,
lit•ilnse bas learnt, with unfeigned regret, tha» the
few ideas thrown loosely together, over ticr name, in
I your last paper, have received construction unfa
vourable to some persons in this town. 1 he writer of
tiiat piece begs leave to state, that nothing was further
from the mind, than to wound »'ie feelings of any per
son. ami least of all to exhibit, in a disrespectful man
ner, the genflemau, who has supposed himscll injured
by those remarks.
While me one chose to make him«elf merry with
a crockery affair, in Exchange-street, Hcutriie thought
it not uufair to turn the current in another direction, '
and without designing to sport with any one’s feelings, j
or to bear upon any particular character, to laugh a.
little at the singular vehie'e with its singular appell i- >
tion, which has lately been introduced among us, and j
which has attracted a considerable degree of curio-i- <
ty. The attention it has excited has been caused, 1 J
presume, merely by its form aivd structure, width are i
unusual in this country, and for that very reason, too,
we have talked and laughed about it without reserve ;
—but that it is improper to own it, or to ride in it, is to
me an entirely uew idea. 1 confess that I am pleased
with the carriage, and ready to ride in it, whenever
its owner shall think proper to jive me an invitation—
and I might enlarge on its elegance, and its comforta
ble appearance, were it my design on tnis occasion.
Hut my object is, now, solely to assure the gentleman,
to whom I was drought to allude in my former com
munication, that nothing was more remote from my
thoughts, than to give a single unpleasant sensation to
himself or to any of his friends, or to throw the slight
est shade upon his or their eharacters. 1 was there
fore exceedingly soTry and surprised to learn tbaiany
such impression r.ad been made by the piece. Had I
conceived that it was capable of giving a moment’s
uneasiness to any of my companions, 1 sdiould certain
ly have withheld it from the piess.
PORTLAND, TUESDAY, JULY * 1822.
The 4th inst. was celebrated in this town in
a style suited to the occasion. Salutes were fir
ed by the National Troops at the Fort at sunrise,
i noon, and at sunset, and hv ('apt. Lowell’s
Company of Artillery at noon. At nine A. J\I.
a numerous congregation from the several soci
tics in town attended religious services at the
Episcopal Church,agreeably to previo’^arrange
ment.
The exercises, breathing a fervent spirit of
thanksgiving and praise, were suitably adapted
to the occasion. Rev. Mr. Ripley offered a
very appropriate introductory prayer, Rev. Mr.
I’en* Bkof.ck delivered an address,in which were
happily united a brief recapitulation of revolu
tionary events with pious reflections and serious
admonitions. In recalling to memory the glori
ous events of past times, and the happy termin
ation of the arduous struggle, which gave birth
to a nation, lie forcibly impressed the idea, that
winie political (benefactors are entitled (o public
gratitude, yet we should never lose sight of the
more important truth, that these are but second
causes, and instruments in the hands of the great
author of every blessing, who rules the destinies
of nations, and orders all events. Kev. Mr.
I'avi.or offered the concluding prayer. The
exercies were interspersed with admirable mu
sic, and the hymns were happily chosen. It was
peculiarly gratifying to witness the harmonious
union of different religious societies.—We could
scarcely forbear the exclamation “ behold how
good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell
logemer in nniiv.
After which the citizens paid their respects
to the Governoiir, and partook a collation with
him in the Senate Chamber. At noon, a proces
sion was formed by the municipal authority,
composed cl the Governor and Council, Citizens
of the town an»l strangers, and proceeded under
the escort of Capt. Henley’*, Infantry Compa
ny, to the Rev. Dr. Nichols’s Church. A very
appropriate and excellent prayer was offered by
Mr. Nichols ; the Oration by Mr. Cummings
was a sensible production, written and delivered
in a chaste style. He showed the clangers, lo
which republican governments were exjiosed,
their liability to th 11 into anarchy and the great
care necessary to preserve them in their health
aad purity. VVc congratulate him on having
avoided the very common error, which orators
on this occasion are apt to commit, that of high
wrought and exaggerated descriptions of our
country, and irrational anticipations of future
greatness and prosperity. The troth, when
spoken of the United States is sufficient ; vve
need not the aid of embellishment to make us
love our country, and cling to our republican in
stitutions.
\N c are indebted, as usual, for a fine selection
of music, and admirable execution, to theReetho
ven Society, and to Air. Allen, the organist of
Mr. Nichols’ congregation.
APPOINTMENTS.
Hon. Martin K insert, cd Hampden, is ap
pointed Judge of Probate, for the county of Pe
nobscot, vice Hon. David Per ham, resigned.
John Aver, Joseph Noble, Josxah Pennell
and Levi Sawyer, of Portland-Benjamin
PiKE, Saco—Larnard Swallow, Bucklield
—Proven of Fere Arms.
The Council adjourned on Friday las! to the
.first day of October next.
John Sargent, Esq. of Sullivan, is appointed
1 ost-Master at that place, vice P. D. Sargent,
Esq. resigned.
TRADE WITH FRANCE.
The long expected Convention with Fiance
lias come at last. It was signed at H ashington
the 24th ult. promulgated by the President ihe
same day ; and the provisions of it will be ope
rative after the first of October ensuing. It will
give a fresh start to American navigation, not
withstanding France appears to have the best of!
the bargain. -
From the .\aiional Intelligencer of 2~lh ult.
Th» French Treaty.— We had in our last the satis
faction to lay before our readers the Treaty lately
concluded in this city, between the Secretary of State
and the Minister of France i aud we now propose
briefly to examine its contents,
i 1 he fii*t and second articles limit the amount of the
discriminating duty w hich shall hereafter be imposed
by the government of either country, on merchandize
i in potted into the countries respectively in the vessels i
"! ( OUTUrytv'7-- 20 francs per ton of merchan-1
(Ii/.c. on American goods imported into f ranee by our :
vessels, and three dollars and seventy-five cents per
ton on French goods imported into this country by
r reiv It vessels. Inc measure ct limitation, which
neither pa.ty is to exceed, being the v;,nie, the duty I
may be considered equal, and is at least founded on a 1
principle ot reciprocity. As tin* produce of the United
>tales it more bulky than that which is received from
i- ranee m return for it, this duty, though of equal
amount, may operate in favor of France. If ary thin*
• e yielded I in this respect, it has been in a spirit of ac
commodation, and from a sincere desire to »ct rid of
the difficulties which, lavi lately embarrassed the in
; teremu -e between the iwo countri* >,
1 he 21 article provides that no discriminating duties
! ,haIi 1>e i',nl*»sed, in either country, on »oods imported
I ui vessels oi tne other, for transit or reexportation,
i l his provision appears to be perfectly fair and itcip
j roca.j and at least unexceptionable- 1
T;i
w * m ,
‘ji !e. *! ui ;;..f - iv’*at ron>tui»te in t^r’n
try the ion of merchandize established in tint )t*u
I likewise. » perfect equality. 'H»» article is 0f ,l; '
| importance, because il defines what w as i>* t no uim ,*
lain ami unequal, and obviates any difficulties u
might arise, in regard to duties, from a variance i, -
ui‘» Ic of computing the ton of merchandize.
Article '» limits the tonnage duty lo an . qua] *inoi
i« each country, viz : i> liauks per ton of the re"uter
of our vessel, and *JJ cents on the ton of the
of French vessels. _ 'Hits article slaiuls on precisely Uie
same footing as article 1 and 1. * J
The sixth article provides the manner in which saU
lors of each nation shall be reclaimed when ilrmtimr
their vessels in the jiorts of the other. This is to
done by an appeal to tire civil ptmer, through tlief A
suls or Nice Consuls; by which course the usages and
laws of the government will he observed. At r.«e tx
riod, by our treaty with France, the Consuls had u„
selves this power, without the intervention of t],e
dicial authority ; more recently tire re have been to
regulations on the subject. It is in itself right that a
provision like tins should exist for the reclamation cf
seamen. It preserves the com. *crce between the tv,„
countries; because, when the sailors are allowed to
abscond from their vessels in a foreign port without
remedy, the vessels are detained at great loss, A-c. ana
sometimes are not able, on that account, to prosecute
their v*yage. At present, iu some of the states, |)w
state laws authorize thv reclamation of seamen ia
othevs they do not. This provision places the ma t.>r
as to France, on a national footing, establishing t. e
same rule in one port as in another; which is in eve
ry respect desirable.
The seventh article limits the duration of the treaty
to two years; or until another treat} is marie ; reser
ving the right of either party to renounce it, by an
express declaration. '1 his reservation, we p re stave
may be considered merely nominal, as well as the cou^
tingent provision of a definitive treaty. We presume
that this treaty will be ratified by both parties, an!
may be considered jrermanent. In which case ti s
remainder of this article will go into sffert, namely,
that, after the expiration of two years, from (Vint,.
next, the extra duties described in the first and Sfioorl
articles, shall be reduced, on both sides, ofte-foimh
each year. Thus ive shall happily get rid of this boa®
of contention. It would seem to have been easier to
have reciprocally abolished them at once ; but some*
thing must he allowed to national interests-, and some
thing, too, to national pride. The discriminating du
ties have been established, and strongly insisted upon
— it !3 accomplishing much to have them reduced, at
once, three-four hs of their amount, witli a provision
for their gradual but t >tal extinction.
The eighth article a hows one year for the exchange
of ratifications. '1 his is to allow time for the Presi
dent to submit tiiis treaty to the Senate at their ordin
ary session, for ratification.
The fir i • sepuiatc article’ vviil embrace hut a small
class of cases. Tire amount to be refunded is uimu
portanf, and the principle of this article, as of all the
others, is reciprocity.
The second * sc pa. ate article’ materially changes
the face of the Treaty, limiting the discriminating du
ty to the excess of importation into each country. Tiiu
modified, the discriminating duty itself would be inop
erative, or so much so as not to be seriously felt hv
either party.—1 his article does not take effect until
2 months after the ratification; whilst the body of th
trea'y is to take effect from the first day of Octuui i
next.
| v\ e have gone through the provisions of the Tieatv.
and find reason, on the whole, to congratulate out fee
der* that the comnterrial differences with Frame have
been brought to this favorable termination, after labm
rious and tedious discussions, both in this country and
in France.—For some time past, the direct commerce
between the two count ties has, in consequence'of the
high discriminating duties, been entirely at an end.
All our trade with France has been carried on circuit
ously, thro’ the ports ef other power's, whose naviga
tion, consequently, and not ours lias derived benefit
from it. Thi» Treaty restores use direct trade, and
thus gives employment to our own navigation, which
has suffered from being deprived of it by the high dis
criminating duties which made it impossible fox them
to carry it on.
There is another light in whic h we regard this treaty
with great pleasure. It re-establishes relations of
perfect amity with France, our old friend and ally,
which have been somewhat disturbed by tiie recent
collisions of the commercial regulations of the two
countries. It leaves us free of difference with any
power on earth, saving the amicable controversy with
Grerfct Britain, respecting the trade with her colonies :
—and, if wc are to judge from recent indications, tlri*
controversy, too, is about to-have a speedy end.
From Washington, Jv.na 26.
Yesterday the Baron G. Hyde de Neuviile,
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten
tiary from France, was presented to the Presi
dent of the United States, by the Secretary i f
State, and had his audience of leave, previous ty
his return to France.
Upon that occasion he presented the Count
Julius de Menon to the President, as the Charge
d’A flairs of F ranee.
We understand that the Baron de Neuviile
leaves this city in a lew days for New York, to
embark for France. A at. fat.
It is understood, says the Franklin Gazette,
that the President has tendered to Ca'snr A.
Rodney, Lsq. of Delaware, a mission to,one of
the Republics of South America, and that W;
Rodney has made choice of that to Buenos
Ayres. \V e understand that he is now at Wash
ington.
The Irish residents in X. York, Philadelphia*
and Baltimore, and the friends of Ireland, are
active in collecting subscriptions for the purpose
of sending out 1'lour. and other necessary pro*
v ision®, for the relief ot such of the Irish peasan
try as may require assistance from the hand of
charity and benevolence.
t Unt. Todd, of Kentucky, who vvasdiputed by
tnc President in 1B20 as a diplomatic agent to
the Republic oft iVctnbia in Soiith America, and
whose conduct on that confidential mission wa
so satisfactory- to both governments, has been in
Philadelphia, for some days- Wc understand
that he will take passage in the U. States ship
John Adams, to sail in a sliort time from Xor
folk, for the {»ir|*)sc of rewimiog his duties as
the diplomatic representative of the United
States in that interesting republic.
Good provision for Cigars nod Sired Mints.
A letter is received from Cien. \\ ilkirson*
dated at Mexico, stating that he was well, and
in an employment for which he received a safe
ry of 15,000 dollars per annum.
Lajwdon ( tifves, Ksq, President of the V*
States Hank, has given notice of Ins intcubwa
to resign that office after the expiration of the
present year. It is suggested that Mr. C'httrs
will take a seat in the next Congress. Mr. Clay
is also a candidate, and General Juckson it Is s:n'!
wilt be elected—We should not be surprised J
an odort were made in some of the district** of
Vork, to elect Mr. ( Union. Jh m. /V. ss,
Several measures propose i in the N. F!.y hire
LyR.sh.tun* have been offensive to the pe<u>!e of Fort
n '.mh. It is proha hie the luutnimifty shew n iu the la •
str»te election, will nyt i*; j^eu in the next.
Bmngor Bank Bills.— Messrs. Bur ft. Barr ? ><t
Shirgtg, of tiie committee (in Boston) on the *ub,e t
ot Bangor notes, have given notice that there is na*
onahle ground for the belief that arrangement* will *■
promptly made for the redemption ot them at early
periail.
It is probable we shall, in a few months, have
our ports visited by uuuu rous '£
to the South* Americas Xalioui,

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