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THE MGm & INTELLIGENCER.
.r , •■' “ i p '"- ; ’ ■’*; •• • i ’r, ;*:i yo< , v(i Vk. , Iti . ' . "LET US CLING TO THK CONSTITUTION AS THE) MARINER CLINGS TO THE LAST PLANK WHEN THE NIGHT AND •TUIPESIL CLOSE AROUND UIM.” $1 PER ANNUM. BEL AIR, Ml). FRIDAY MORNING. MAY 27, 1864. YOU. VIII.-NO. 22. I -I. LARGEST STOCK OF dry GOODS IK BALTIMORE. HAMILTON EASIER & CO. Nos. 199, 201 and 203 Baltimore street, InVhe the attention of Merchants visiting Baltimore to make purchases, to the very extensive WHOLESALE STOCK <n. m >.* r.v OF MW On Second Floor and Basement rtf their Warehouse , , Embracing in addition tojheir own large and general importation of Foreign Goods, k large and well selected stock of Domestics, Woolens, and Staple Goods, Of every description. Onr splendid RETAIL STOCK OF GOOES , on first floor, embracing articles of every class, from lore priced to the most magnificent in every branch of trade, ren dering our entire slock one of the most extensive and complete in the United States. Tite Wholesale and Retail Price being marked on each article, from which no deviation is allowed. Parties not fully acquainted with the value of goods, can buy from us with perfect confidence. mh2s A. H. GREENFIELD, Comer of Main street and Port Depos'd aeenue , Bel Air, IS constantly aiming to meet tlie wants of the community in FRESH FAMILY GROCERIES! Teas, Spices, Coflees, Fish, Lard, Butter, Bacon, Cheese, &c., &e. Also, SEASONABLE DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, &o. Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, &,c„ Queens ware, Stone and Earthenware, Tin Ware, Wooden Ware, Hardware, Bto. BEST COAL OILS, COAL OIL LAMPS,in great variety. Also, in NEW BONNETS, in every variety of style and material, for Ladies and Chil dren. 0“ Cleaning, Altering and Re pairing done at reasonable notice—all at Baltimore prices. T ERMS CASH. jaul Franklinville Store Baltimore County. KEEP constantly on hand a large and well assorted slock of all kinds of Goods adapted to the wants of the public, such as Dry Goods, Groceries, HARDWARE, 2*2822. &&&?£ smSS&St NOTIONS, CHINA AND GLASS WARE, In fact any and every variety of articles necessary lo a well assorted slock, all of which will be sold at very lowest Cash prices. The Factory being in operation, it affords a fine market for COTfaSRT MB9TOL* - for which the highest prices will be paid. The public are invited to call. fe26 wiw choir. TTIE undersigned have just received a A large and well selected stock of Goods suitable for the season. They are con stantly making up the neatest work, and the newest and most fashionable style of __ Bonnets (qr the Spring andSttm- Brap rner, to which they invite life alien lion of the citizens of the town and the surrounding country. They also de sire an occasional call from their Baltimore friends, when they want something of ex tra styla and finish, as they are aware that the undersigned can and will take pleasure in putting op work of iluu description. In addition to all styles of Bonnets, they keep constantly on hand a variety of LADIES’ AND GENTLE-MEN’S small wars; Sneh as Ribbons, laicet, Gloves, Hosiery, Suspenders, and many other articles in the Notion line. Thankful for the liberal patronage here tofore given the firm, they expect by strict attention to business to merit its continu ance. M. J. WRIGHT & MITCHELL, Washington street, two doors north'of the Railroad, and next door lo Nixon’s * Hotel, HAVRE-nk-GitACE. sep2s COAL! COALf FpilE undersigned keeps constantly on X hand all kim.s of WHITE *ml RED ASH COAL, which he will sell by the cargo or single ton. JOSEPH M. SIMMONS, ju!7 Havre-de-Grnre, Md. WANTED. —One or two JOURNEY MEN BLACKSMITHS, Enquire of MARTIN OALpER. • Id Federal Hill. IlaiTord Co., Md. THE m\S AND IHTELUGENCER IB PUBLISHED i ■■ EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, ’. * ■ . 8¥ r BATEMAN & BAKER, ; AT ■ ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM, tV ADVANCE, OTHERWISE ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CEN'fS Will be charged. * RATES OF ADVERTISING. P One square, (eight lines or less,) three inser- j tions, SI.OO. Each subsequent insertion 25 cts. I , One square three months, $a:00; Six months, ' $5.00; Twelve months, SB.OO. i Business cards of six tines or less, $5 a year. No subscription taken fur less than a year. lUdital. THE WITHERED DAISIES. I I BV THE AUTHOR |)E “OVER IB* RITXH. t “Because the loved them." | You asked me why I love them so, Those little simple flowers, That over every pasture blow, I In April’s sunny showers ; > And why a daisy wreath I twine, Instead of dewy roses, , To hang about the holy shrine Whole gur lost child reposes. ’Twas in the Spring-lime that she came, And all the forest muses Were bright with flowers without a name, The fields were white with daisies. , You know how beautiful she grew, How fair and sweet and holy, But the violet wet with morning dew, Is not more pure and lowly. She flitted like a sunbeam bright A round our cottage door ; Her footsteps as a fairy’s light, * Made musicon the floor. On every flower of wood or glade, ’ She lavished childish praises ; She loved all things the Lord has made, But most she loved the daisies. How many thoughts beyond her years, That then were all unheeded, We think of now, with blinding tears— Sweet teachings that we needed. i Three happy years we led her feet Along life’s stormy mazes; The fourth, we laid her down lo sleep Beneath the April daisies. ’Tis well, and we are reconciled, For He who gave the blossom, Who lent to us our angel child, Recalled her to His bosom, f And waiting till He calls for me, To sing with her His praises, I’ll keep her blessed memory Embalmed in April daisies. Ifliscdlannuis. | from the York (Pa.) DemocraticPrtst. ECCLESIASTICAL INSOLENCE. j Not many flays since there appeared in f the Harrisbuyg Tt.leijmph, imbedded inthe I 5 mass of political filth of which that paper is an inexhaustible sewer, an ecclesiasti cal exposition of the whole duty of man in the matters of loyalty, slavery, war, and rebellion This precious appendix to the Law of God, as revealed in his written word, was introduced to the public as a proof of the patriotism of the Presbytery of j Harrisburg, and was of such special merit as to elicit warm commendation from the j 8 i Hessian who prints the Telegraph. The j p lineal descendant of that gentleman from ! , the loyal but somewhat impoverisbed cliam pious of divine right who were brought by the British to our rebellious grandfathers, at six pence a day, lends to his opinions upon questions of allegiance .! and Obedience, an air of hereditary and J transmitted wisdom. Thedncumeut which has been fortunate enough to receive the notice of a loyalist of such ancient and his-1 torio extraction is staled to be the work of! i a person called the “Reverend Robinson,’’ s and to have been “unanimously adopted -by the Presbytery of Harrisburg, at its re 1 cent meeting a( Carlisle,” The “Reverend f Robinson,” (whoever lie may be,) seems j - to be gifted with a bountiful share of that j - windy and wordy kiud of rhetoric which 1 passes fur eloquence among little boys and - weak females of a hysteric turn. Nor is be wanting in that pompous and oracular - style of propounding platitudes in which t qkrgymen extensively flattered, and habit : uated to the worship of lea parties, sing ing schools and Dorcas societies are sure , to become adepts. But this kind of oleri- I' oal slip slop which elicits smile* and ap plausive tattle over waffles aud stewed oys ters, from a flock of good hatured women, slightly inebriated with tea, becomes piti , fut and powerless when addressed to on i audience out of (he petticoats aud on this side of their dotage. Hence it is that the - Bull, or dogma, or confession of faith, or t whatever you may please to call it, which - the “Reverend Robinson,” possessed by a little fund vanity, gave to Detogii Bergnet j for that paper, and which bad, no f in manuscript, drawn tears, from many a * I pious little muffin-gathering, has failed to [ move the public' any more than one of the j Deaoou’s own ill spelled fulminations, a : ballad from Boker, or a tipsey “occasion t \ al” from Fyrncy. I To review this document is not our de -5 sign, for while larger game is at band, pe are not going to beat loifbush for tjt-birds. But it contains one proposition worthy of notice, not becausj it r.Hoots thq scuti 'l meets of tun “Reverend Robijisuii (whose .; individual opinions are of no possible im portance outside of a limited circle of par j bus and nurseries.) but because it reflects t . • the aver g*‘, narrow, dogmatic, unscriptu-* j ' - - T1 — rai aud tyranical sentiment of pulpit poll tiutans of the North. “This duty of un conditional, unreserved loyalty,” says the “Reverend R.” (we can fancy him read ing to an audience ju bombazine, while waiting for a hot flannel-cake and more i stewed chicken,) “this duly of unoonditkm -1 al, unreserved loyalty to the constitution i ally elected government of the nation, we desire distinctly to reaffirm, as a principle of our holy religion and a part of our alle giance to God.” Was there ever a sillier piece of nonsense than this written I Let us analyze this proposition of the Presby terian Bull, and see the consequences to , which it leads, if earned ou(. The “Reverend Robinson” and ins al lies that “unconditional, unreserved loyal ty to the government of the nation,”, (to wit: the, U. S. Government,) is a princi ple of oup Italy religion, and part.of our allegiance to Cod.” Now a principle is something steadfast, immutable and of universal application. The “principles ef holy religion” are those great oapiul doc trines upon which men must mould their fsith and shape their lives, if they hope to be saved. We presume the “Rever end Robinson” and bis associates will assent to this and that they profess to derive their doctrine aud authority from the Bible.. But inasmuch as nu mention is made in that book of (be United States Government, by name, or indeed any preference expressed fur govern ments of a republican form, their pro position if they affect to support it from the gospel, must mean that “unconditional and unreserved loyalty” to the government under which we happen to be living, is a principle of our holy religion, and part of onr allegiance to GoJ.” And this broad proposition must necessarily be as binding on the people of every other government, as it is on ours. It must bear alike upon tbe despotisms and democracies, upon the subjects of the King of Dabomy, and the Dey of Algiers ; on tbe crashed pa triots of Poland and the down trodden peo ple of Hungary. This “principle of our holy religion” is by no means an original conception of tbe ‘Reverend Robinson’ aud bis loyal associates. Slaves suck it in with their mother’s milk. It is the first lisping of toadies all the world over. It is coeval with despotism. It was thundered from tbe pulpits of England while the Presbyterian forefathers of these gentlemen were being hunted, like wild beasts, through the bills and fastnesses of Scot land. The Wigtou martyrs doubtless | heard it from the “loyal” clergy who watuhed the waves creep up and down them, and tbe Catholics of Ireland, learn ed its divine origin from the recking sword points of Cromwell’s Presbyterian rabble. The New England Puritans had time to digest this blessed “principle” as they tossed on the waves iu the leaky Myflow er, as it was burned into the souls of the poor Quakers, who crisped in the bonfires with which the Mayflower mulignants thawed the frozen soil to which they had ( fled from persecution. The gowned and mytred parasites of Charles the First up held his perjuries, and sought to perpetu ate his tyranny, by sounding in the ears of the people this “principle of our holy religion,” and the round-head exhorters of Cromwell’s army found a warrant for I butchering that “Christian” monarch and j for bowing the knee to a usurper, born of blood aud violence in this same “principle I of our holy religion.” Every wrong ever wrought by power upon weakness has 1 been sanctified by this “principle of our holy religion.” In the ereed of slavish ecclesiastics the mailed baud of despotism and the awful hand of God, have been identical since the beginning of the world. This “principle of our holy religion” was enforced with equal unction by the cler gy who committed Cromwell’s body to the earth as the dust of a Saint whom God j could no longer spare, and .by the clergy ! who, from the same pulpits, pointed lo his grinning scull, torn from his mouldered body and perched on Temple Bar, as a warning to all impious rebels against the “divino right of Kings.” It is the royal j faith of every land, aud crowned scoun | drels who believe in nothing else devoutly accept this “principle of nur holy religion.” 'lt was the faith of Stafford, of Jeffries, of Metlernich, of the British ministry who bounded on the American war. It is a principle which would have kept tbe sword of George Washington idle in its scab bard, would have chetkcd the pen of Jef ferson, palsied the tongue of Patrick Hen ry and welded fyst tbo fetters which held these Sovereign States in Slavish depen dence upon the British crown. It is a principle iu short which if accepted as ol divine origin, would doom the people of every land suffering under the unright eous yoke of despotism patiently lo ehdure tbe iron heel, and leave it as a heritage to their children. To thet# undeniable examples of the flexibility of this*“principle of our holy re ligious” of its power as an engine of des potism, of its fame as the buckler of cru saders against the rights of man, the “Rev erend Robinson'’ aud his fellow Presby ters will doubtless reply that they concede the right of revolution in certain cases of oppression, imt that the freedom and jus tice of the United State# Government are such as to afford no pertion of its people a pretext fur discontent, and to render unconditiobal and unreserved loyalty fo it,” “part of our allegiance to God.” They must give this answer for it is the only way of escape from their dilemma. But answering thus they yield the whole qaes lion. The ‘principles of our holy religion” i can never he perverted into local statutes i binding in one territory and invalid iu nu- ,MM I | ii%' i | other. They are, as we have skid, inumi • table in their nature and httitersal in their i application. ! f -l : Obedience to constituted authority is laid i down, we concede, as a nlla for Christiana, i but the kind of governments which aro entitled to special and Unquestionable obe • dicnec* and the reasons which will justify i men in overturning nny government at all, ! are neither laid down nor hinted nt. If • the right of revolution exists there is no ■ expressed wariwnflbr it ih the Bible, and i no limitation* upon its exercise It is left to the judgment of communities, States i and nations, who arc free to decide for themselves what reasons will ‘justify re . hellion or revolution. When, therefore, the ‘ Reverend Robinson,” admitting this i right of revolution in given instances Uhioh teem to him to justify it, in the ■ same breath asserts, "unconditional and i unreserved loyalty” to the Government of the United States as “a principle of ohr holy feligion," ho advances a proposition ■ for which he can show no Bible authority, ■ and attempts to lend to- bis private politi i cal opinions the weight and sanctity of in junecions from God. Doubtless be thinks the United States Government worthy of i every body’s allegiance. As created by our fathers, and administered within the bounds of our Constitution, so do we.— But other men may think differently, and for aught we see, if they happen to be blas phemously inclined, have as .good a right as the “Reverend Robinson” to lay down i their political convictions .as of i our holy religion.’’ Ituufortunately bap , peas that blatant preachers in the South iiavc taken this view of the case, and I Presbyterians who have lisped the same Catechism, made the same confession of ; faith, sung out of tho same hymn hook and read the same Bible as the “Reverend Robinson” and his fellow-presbyters, are taught by their pastors and steadfastly be lieve “unconditional and unreserved loyal ty” to the Government of the Confederate States to be “a principle of their holy re ligion and a part of their allegiance to GotJ.” The Reverend Robinson may sug gest that a government established upon i a revolution so recent, is uot worthy of al ! legiance, and doesn't come within the pur i view of God’s law ; whereat some South ern “R ibinson” may pertinently inquire i when ullegiauco to the United States Gov ernment, founded upon a revolution a lit tle more remote, became “principle of our holy religion,” and desire to be inform i ed at what age of revolutionary govern i ments God takes them under His protection and shuts the gates of Heaven upon those ■ who refuse to respect them. And so they might wrangle to the end of time, to tho disgrace of the Church and to the glory of i the Devil. In a word, the “Reverend Robinson,” and hundreds of this kind, North and South, are by their impudent > and arbitrary attempts to impose their in ; dividual opinions upon the public as rules i of faith, fast bringing upon the country the very calamities which dur wise fore fathers sought to avert by a rigid separa tion of Church and State. The political passions and low party squabbles, hitherto ; confined to the hustings and pot-house, are steadily making their way to the church. ' The Word of God, instead of being preach ed in its purity and in the simple spirit in which Christ and bis Apostles taught, is perverted to serve tho torn of cliques and parties with a zeal uot for souls but votes. The consequence is that eveu that tradi : tional and conventional respect with which worldly men used to regard the pulpit is fast dying out. Noble souls are kept out of the church, or lost to it, by the mad fully of its ministers. Men ofspirit will not endure to have the political dogmas of i their parson administered to them as the bread of life. But these pulpit busters will probably never learn wisdom until, having depleted the church and degraded it in the eyes of all the world, they awake to the fact that they have at the same time undermined che pillars of their own consequence and the props of their own living. About SboES—lt appears from his-| tory that the Jews, long before tho Chris tian Era, wore shoes made of leather and j ■ and wool; those of their soldiers were , | sometimes formed out of brass or iron.—! , | Tho Egyptians wore a kind of shoes made j : of the papyrus. The Indians, tho Chinese ! and other nations, wore shoes made of silk,; rushes, linen, wood, or the bark of trees, j . iron, brass, or of gold and silver; and Ins- \ ory has sometimes covered them with pre- 1 , cious stones. The Greeks and Romans; wore shoes of leather; the Grecian shoes I generally reashed to the middle of tho ■ leg ; the Romans used two kinds of shoes, .! the calceus, which covered the whole foot, | sometimes in the shape of our shoes, and the solea, or slipper, wfhic'h covered only the sole of the foot, and was fastened with ■ leather thongs The crflceUs Was worn , with the toga, when a person went abroad, ' and slippers were put on during a journey, .! and at feasts. Black shoes were worn by , I persons of ordinary rank, and white ones by women, Rod shoes word pat on by . the chief magistrates of Rome on days of p ceremony. ——* | An English paper states, on the “best authority,’’ that the son of the Prince of Wales is Co bo baptized ia water brought from the river Jordan. —— l fV • My'iwwe ■ ■ . l,i,i gj-The fact that green and blue, are the most attractive colors is no reason why men should always be green, or always be , getting blue. o i.'t B®“Flowt*rs are the cbil Irea of Bun- ; j shine end showers. j The JewiibJPamoyer. ■On f Wedoeeday ’ vsTenma pop Jewish pOpcdatldn 1 c‘otftfn(*hccd thd observance of the Paasovarror Paaohai.hWiy.ahalso call ed the Feast of tlnleaveoed Bread, institu ted to eomttemofate the deliverance of Is rael from the bondage in Egypt. It is the first commandtpept the Lord vouchsafed through Moses to the Israelites. Thu 9 it is a rah bin leal theory that the twelfth chapter of'ESodow, to which thik has been declared, is the commencement of the law of Moses, la this chapter, ia verses 14 to £O, it ia ordained; days shall -ye eat unleavened bread, even the first day shall ye put leaven out of your houses., —; Seven days shall there be no leavened ur’h’d found in your houses, for whosoever eateth leavened bread, .tbat.aoql shall, be cut off from. Israel,’,’ Tim extreme rigor with ! which the prohibition of'leavened broad during the festival is enforced is frequent- 1 ly repeated in Holy Writ, as in Exodus viii., (J, 7 and 15, and. Deuteronomy xvi.,! 3 and 4. Thus throughput the whole of the law of Muses the prohibition of leaven cd bread is strongly and repeatedly enfor ced. j Indeed there is no other observance, except that of the Sabbath of which there is so much mention made in the Penta teuch, and accordingly the Divine predic tion that the Israelites should observe this festival throughout all their generations, is duly and truly fulfilled unto this day. Unlike many other festivals, this feast has many peculiar observances, which we ' will briefly enumerate. The unleavened bread ordinance is the first and most rigid | one. Several weeks before the recurrence | of the feast the preparation of this bread, called “Mazoth,” is commenced. It cun sits of the finest wbeatcu flour and cold water, without salt or yeast, kneaded in the quickest possible manner, is rolled out in thin flat cakes about six inches ip di ameter and baked in a quick oven. These Mazoth strongly resemble our ship's bread, but they aro thinner and harder. A per- j sun authorized by the Rabbi is iu attend mice at tbs baking of the Mazoth; who su- ] perintends the entire procedure of mix- 1 iug the dough, baking and delivering the | bread. Those of the Jews who are too ] poor to buy the bread, are furnished with it by their more wealthy coreligionists and through charitable institutions found ed for the purpose. Of course other ve getables, fruit, fish and moat are partaken op Passover, but farinaceous food is strict ly excluded from every Jewish dwelling. The seQoud observance, “No leaven shall be found within thy confines” is | also strictly observed. The residences of the Jews are cleaned thoroughly, and even the dishes and cooking apparatus are changed fgr the festival, su as tore move flie idea of even the smallest morsel, of leaven in the place, The next observance is “to keep the day holy.” This is also adhered to with much rigor, Tpo first two and the last two days are kept like no secular oc cupation boipg permitted, and divine ser vice held in every synagogue, with ad dresses from tho Rabbi preachers. But there is one peculiar observance, which mure than anything else, distin guishes the festival from all others oq the Jewish Calender, viz: The observance iu the family circle on the first two evenings. On those evenings the Jewish families as semble,in their dwellings around a festive board, on which are spread horse radish, to commemorate the bitterness of bondage; an egg, in commemoration of mourning for ike destroyed temple; greens, to commem orate tho blessings of God; a mixture of apples, almonds aud cinnamon, resem bling mortar, in remembrance of the loam used by the Israelites in tfieir works du ring their bondage in Egypt; and a bone of a lamb, to indicate the Paschal sacri fice. After blessing the wine, tho history 1 of the exodus from Egypt is related and hymns and psalms recited in u joyful tone in honor of tbe grand meaning of the day. i These gatherings are carried on in every | bouse, and are even strictly observed by ! 1 the less relgiously inclined. —Montreal I ( Canada') Gazelle. j / C -- The Confederate Depot at Selma, Ala. \ j A correspondent of the Hartford Press | I furnishes a sketch of the Confederate sup-1 j plies obtained near Selma, Alabama, from i | which we make the following extract: | The importance of Selma to the Con ' federaoy can hardly be over-estimated. | ; As a stripping point for iron, coal, amnia-1 1 nition and commissary stores, it is one of j- I the most important in tbe South. As a manufacturing depot for ammunition, > shut, shell, caupon, powder, canteens and ! clothing, it is of vast importance. | The Selma arsenal, brought some two j years ago from Columbus, Miss., employs I some three hundred operatives, pud turns 1 out immense quantities of guns, ammu-j nition, wagons, &0., A large num-i her of boys and girls, and some few i negroes are employed, though most of the | workmen are detailed from the army for that purpose. They receive a soldier’s ra tions and three dollars per diem. The stores manufactured here aro ship ped to all parts of the Confederacy. The! naval foundries nt S Ima are also turning! out large quantities of shot and shell, and; tome very heavy cannon. Tho foundry I was. started by Mr Collins J. Mcßeu| ‘(now an agent iu Europe for tbe Coufede- j rate loan), ayd sold to the Government by , him os \t t hpn stood, for the sum of five hundred thousand dollars. The much ! d”rea,ded torpedoes are past at this foundry. The whole establishment is under the im-; mediate control of Captain Caleaby A. 11. L • Junes. yurd, unSvr the com-, .d .aiß I ,£ J •*. t*> till. ••*4.vv *;.'• .* VI r ~~~ - — saßSßstmmmm maod of Com. E. Farrand, has built tw irou-clad steam floating-batteries. They now lie at Mobile, end are not intended to go outside at all. The ircn-olad screw* gunboat Tennessee ws* also launched at this yard. 'She was a boat of considerable beauty aridspeod, and cartes four guns. They arc now building ouo uf much lar ger dimensions then j the others. One side-wheeled iron-clad gunboat has been at Montgomery; one tit two on the Tom bigbee, and several old river boats over hauled and rigged op at Mobile, elthieV one of which one shift wotdd blow to atoms. Besides the large government works at Selma, there are a number of smaller es tablishments, got up by wealthy men for the purpose of getting contracts with the government, thereby keeping out ot the I army themselves. Among these are sev eral foundries, a powder mill, cotton card I factory, three wagon and ambulance fco i torics, and soma extensive sheds for the 1 manufacture of nitre. The government manufactures large quantities of clothing also, having two es tablishments for this purpose. The quartermaster and commissary departments at Sefma are also very active. A considerable stock of stores are general ly on hand in both of these departments. The commissary department always has a | largs quantity of rice and flour oh hand, i The latter is baked up into army bread Or’ | crackers, then shipped to Mobile or Mont i gomery. ■ ’ >■ /■■■* ‘n- Nearly all of the railroads of lesser im portance in the South, have been taketo Bjf to repair and patch np the more important ones. Selma is also the southern terminus of i the Alabama and Tennessee River Ksil | road, which runs within nine miles of Jacksonville, in the northern part cf the ; Suite. This railroad runs directly through the richest mineral country in tbs South. ! In fact the coal mines of Alabama supply every arsenal, foundry, gunboat, and an. !ry manufacturing, establishment in the ] Confederacy, with this indispensable ma j terial for the manufacture of munitions at. war; and this is the only place in tho Confederacy where coal. abounds-now i*> their reach.a ' • t . The saute also may be said with regard to the iron mines of Alabama. They pro duce an inexhaustible supply of metal, equal, it said, to the best in the world, and it ha* beeu proved to be of inestimable value in the manufacture of cannon - Nearly one hundred tons of pig iron pass | os over this road daily, the most of which, j is re-shipped to the different armories and arsenals throughout the Confederacy, and is rapidly converted into missiles of war. Tue celebrated salt works, of Alabama are ten miles west of tbis place, where tho largest part of the salt used ia Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi for the past two years, has been made. Salt water is found at these works at a depth of from ten to fifteen feet. Tbis business employs a large number of both blacks and whites; besides being a very profitable business, the salt makers were exempt from milita ry duty, which made it very popular.— The salt made at these works sold as high as thirty dollars per bushel. Too Eipe. v It used to be the custom for planters at the South to purchase clothing for their slaves by wholesale, and as they had net the opportunity to examine closely each ar ticle, were sometimes swindled by bad ar ticles being thrown in with the good. r One of these parties having laid in a box uf shoes, and distributed a few of them among the negroes, a few days afterward! old Bob, a favorite servant, found that the shoes that had fallen to bis lot were burst ; iog. So going to bis master, be said : “Massa, where you buy dese shoes ?” ‘‘l bought theqi in New Orlesus, Bob." “Well, whar did de New Orleans people buy ’em * . A “They bought them from the people np j North —they bought them from the Yan kees." “Well, whar do de Yankees get em ?” “The Yankees ? why, they them j off the trees, Bob.’’ v . j " “Well," responded Bob, holding* up bis j shoes, “1 reck’u the Yankees didn’t pick j this yere pair soon enough, massa; I irock’n he waited till —fill —till doy was* j little ted hips." • i Something to Bi Thankful Fob.— i Thu hat was passed around in a certain congregation for the purpose uf taking up ; collection. After it had made the cir cuit of tho church it was banded to the i minister, who, by the-way, bad exchanged j pulpits with the regular preacher, and he i found not a penny in it. He inverted the i hat over the pulpit cushion and shook it, ; that its emptiness might be known, then ; raising bis eyes toward the ceiling, he x -: claimed with great fervor, “I thank God i that 1 got back my hat from his cougregs i tion.” , -1 | i * .■■ ■ i t®*Dr. Kirkbride, in bis report of the Insane Asylums of Pennsylvania, notes the enormous increase of female patients whose insanity is caused by the loss of re I ! atives in the war. Btsg- Oio ought every day at least to I hear a little son.', read a good poem, sco-V picture, and, if it be possible, to speak, a few reasonable words.— Ootth*. t‘ •v- —l l 4r- ——ia* ■... .. —. j*■ why is a postage stamp like a had scholar “I can t tell, my sou; why Lis it ?" “Brcause*it pets licked and put lin a Corner." ‘‘Satan, put that boy to K