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The aegis & intelligencer. [volume] (Bel Air, Md.) 1864-1923, June 24, 1864, Image 2

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&GIS & INTELLIGENCER. |
A. W. BATEMAN. Editor.
BEL AIR, MD. t
Friday, June 24, 1804.
j
Asi** Has a more extended circulation i
Among thu intelligent larmcrs and btuinena meu ol '
Harjord, than ui y oilier paper in (lie county. No ;
11 Lock Hospital” or other obsi-cne <r “ Lottery” adver. I
tiaemenit ttill appear in our columns at any price. A
large number or our subscriber* pay tor their paper in ml
vaoce, and consequently arc Just the clans advertisers do
•ire to reach.
The attention of respectable and legitimate advertisers
(• directed to the above facts.
To Correspondents.
All communications for publication must be cooni
parm>d with tlif- real name of the author, or no alien
tion will be paid to them. The real name of the imjUvo
will not In: published unless desired, but wo cannot
CoiMcnt to iII)CU comaiunicutiuns unices w e know (he 1
writer.
WAR NEWS.
A despatch nf June 29 from Louisville says : )
Jesse’s rebel pang, numbering from twenty to i
thirty, attacked Bardstovvu yesterday morning. ■
The garrison of the place, numbering twenty-five J
men surrendered.
The rebels then moved down the railroad, and I
destroyed the bridge and water station near Bos
ton. Thence they went across ilie Nashville rail- ]
road, two miles north of Elisabethtown, and
■when last heard from they were going towards j
Litchfield.
Gen. Sherman, in a despatch reports that he 1
was premature in announcing that the enemy hud
abandoned bis position, and stales, that although
Johnston has abandoned all bis works m front of
the Kenesaw Mountain, he still holds that moun
tain, as the apex of Uis position, where he was
closely pressed yesterday, notwithstanding the
continued rain, which makes all movements al
most an impossibility.
An order Ims been issued by the War Depart
ment, el tlie request of Gen. Foster, to transfer to
him live general officers of the enemy, to lie held
under their liio before Charleston, as a retaliatory
measure for the placing of the same number of
Federal officers in that city, under our fire, of
which he has been officially notified by Major ■
Gen. Jones. 1
Despatches from the correspondents of the As
sociated Press, giving further details of the battle |
on Friday in front of Petersburg, which has al
ready been officially announced. From .these it!
appears that up to Saturday all the prisoners ta
ken amount to 1,200, and that in all 21 pieces of
artillery have been captured. The enemy, being
generally behind their entrenchments, and not so
much exposed, suffered less thnu .he Union army,
whose loss during the two days is estimated at
8,000 killed aud wounded.
A general order has been issued by the War
Department, requiring, first, that all sick and
wounded officers absent from their commands,
not fit for duty in the field, but able to sit in
courtsmarliai, immediately report their names
and address to the Adjutant General of the army, i
Second, all staff, ami regimental medical officers |
now on leave in the Department in the East, j
in New Jersey, theeastern part of Pennsylvania i
aud the eastern part of Maryland, if able
to travel, will report to the nearest medical di
rector for examination, and those found unlit
for active service, but able to do hospital duty, i
will be ordered to report immediately at the hos- I
pilal at Camp Parole, near Annapolis, Md , for
such duty as the surgeuu may require of them.
The present aggregrnte of the public debt, in
cluding all the legal tender notes and unpaid re
quisitions, amounts to $1,719,395,1(58. The in
terest-bearing legal tender notes which have been
withdrawn amount to §38,890,709. The ordi
nary legal tender notes which have been with
drawn and placed in reserve amount to $17,258,-
872. Of course it will.be necessary to replace a
portion of the 5 per cent, iegr.l tenders with com
pound interest at 6 per cent.
Tile Steamer Fulton, from Port Royal on the |
15th, has arrived. The rebels opened fire from !
Sullivan’s and James’ Island on the 7th, which
was replied to by our guns, but no damage was i
sustained by us. At night the guns of Fort Put
nam opened on a rebel steamer bound from
Charleston to Sumter, laden with troops and sup
plies. She was disabled and ran aground, and )
t daylight she was demolished by our guns.
Despatches from the Army of the Potomac, re- ’
reived through the Associated Press, hut none o!
an official character, Sunday is represented as
having been comparatively a quiet day. Skir- i
mishing and artillery filing occurred at intervals j
during the day, in which the Fifth Corps lost;
about one hundred men. The enemy, ut 10 j
o’clock on Saturday, made an assault, which was |
repulsed. The latest despatch is dated at Ber- 1
rouda Hundred on Monday morning at 10.30
o’clock, and states that emnonading had been |
going on from half-past 8 o’clock.
No information of military operations in any 1
other quarter has been received.
The official bulletin datrd at 10 o’clock last 1
night states that no report of the operations of
yesterday, on the James River, had been received
at the War Department. Unofficial accounts re
ceived at Washington, represent the Federal loss
in the several assaults on the enemy’s works, on
Saturday last to have been severe; but there had
been no official report made of lire casualties.— I
There has been nothing reliable received from ,
General Butler.
■lt is stated that numerous guerilla parties are ;
prowling about Loudoun county, West Virginia,
and that a lew days ago they made their appear
ance at Waterford, and seized Mr. Samuel L.
Steer, the United States Treasury agent at the
Point of Rocks, and carried him off towards Up
pervillc. Several prominent secessionists were
immediately arrested and taken to the Point -of
Kooks, where they were released on giving forty
thousand dollars security for Mr. Steer’s safe re
turn or themselves to custody. On the 17th in
- atant the dwelling and barn of Mr. Sydney Wil
liams, of the same county, were set on fire by
guerillas and entirely consumed. Mr. VV. was
absent at the time, hut hia wile was at home, and
was compelled to witness lire destruction of their
property.
The Commissary General of Prisoners recently
received from the authorities at Richmond a re
port of deaths of Union prisoners which had oc
curred in the prison hospitals at Columbus, Geo.,
from the 27th of February to the 3lsl of March. |
In a little over one month there was no less than i
three hundred and seventy deaths.
We learn that Geu. Butler has relieved Geuer- i
• nl Gilmore ot his command and ordered him to
report at Fortress Monroe as under arrest and to
await court-m irtial. We also learu that Gen.
Grant, upon learning the facts slated above, re
leased Geu. Gtimere (Vom nt aud ordered him 1
i to report to Washington and await further or-
I ders,
Gen. McCi.ru, an at Easton, Pa.— General
; George B. McClellan, in company with Mr. Bar
j rington, Chief Engineer of the Morris and Essex
j Railroad Company, with whom he had been in
j specting the line of the proposed extension of
that road to Easton, arrived, savs the Lancaster
| *
Intelligencer, in that place on Tuesday evening,
j and put up at the Franklin House. In one hour
1 after his arrival a crowd of several thousand per
: sons assembled in front of the hotel, when the
General stepped on the balcony. lie was greet-:
ed with enthusiastic cheers from the immense
throng below, and the waving of handkerchiefs
from as many ladies. The scene is said to have
been a brilliant one. He did not make a speech,
but merely thanked the people for so gratifying
a reception, and at once returned to his parlor,
when as many as could possibly force their way
in paid their respects to him, among whom were
; many, soldiers who had fought under him.
An An vance, —The Baltimore County .4rfco
eale and American have given notice to their suh
j scribers that from and after the first day of July
next they will raise their price of subscription to
one dollar and fifty cents per year. “One dol
t lar,” says the Advocate, “scarcely pays for the
material and labor expended on the paper.” This
|wo know from experience to be so. No one cam
at the rale which lie has now to pay for every
thing, afford to publish a paper the size of the
Advocate or American, or even a much smaller
; size, for one dollar. Material of all kinds is more
than fifty per cent, higher now than the same arti
cles could be had for less than two years ago,—
Besides, there seems to us no valid reason, why
newspaper work should not advance in propor
tion to oilier things.
The Lady's Friend fob July.—The July num
ber of this magazine is one of the best yet issued.
It opens with a beautiful and piquant steel en
graving, c-iied “How they Cacght Fish,” which
j represents a couple of young lovers earnestly en
gaged in conversation, apparently much to the
astonishment of a party of ladies, who have just
come to the edge of the woods. Then follows a
very handsome fashion plate, such as this maga
zine is becoming noted tor. Then an engraving
| of the Empress Eugenie, and a large number of
i others, devfited to the illustration of the latest
| styles of dress, &u. The music of the number is
a Grand march from the opera of Faust.
The literary matter includes “A Story for Sis
tcrs-in-Law,” “Mistress and Maid,” (with an il
lustration,) “Edna’s Faith,” “Richard Graham’s
Love,” “The Maiden’s Answer,” “First and
Last,” “The Transformed Village, (illustrated,)
I “A Woman’s I’ride,” Editor's Department, Ac.,
Ate. Price $2.00 a year; 20 cents a single num
ber.
Address DEACON & PETERSON, 319 Wal-
J nut St. Philadelphia.
Correcting the Enrollment. —We learn from
the Baltimore county Advocate, that the Com
missioners appointed to correct the Enrollment
in Harford and Baltimore counties, have finished
, their lu! ors, aud that during their sittings iu the
| counties a large number appeared before them
j and had their names taken from the lists, in
| consequence of some permanent disability. This
deduction, it is slated, materially reduces future
quotas.
Any who were unable to attend at the time
the commission sal in their respective districts,
! can still have their business attended to at the
Provost Marshal’s office in the city of Baltimore.
Harvest. —From the general appearance of the
wheat fields, harvest will soon be upon us, and
much anxiety is felt about the scarcity of hands.
We have already heard many complaints of the
inability of farmers even to procure bands suffi
cient to do the ordinary farm work. Our yield
of wheat does not promise to be large. There
is much complaint of fly, and in some localities
rust, while in many fields there is but little
wheat on the ground. Oats and grass, looks well,
and promise fair crops. Corn and potatoes also
looks well, and if the season continues good, a
very fair yield may be expected.
The Democratic State Convention, which
met in Baltimore on the 15th inst., appointed the
■following gentlemen, delegates to the Chicago
Democratic National Convention.
, Delegates at Largo—Hons. R. B. Carmichael
and Henry May, for the Eastern Shore ; Hons. B.
jG. Harris, and B. C. Howard, for the Western
Shore,. First District—Hiram McCullough and
John R. Franklin ; 2d Dutrict—George H. Car
man, and Col. William Kimmell; sth District
—Oden Bowie aud Sprigg Harwood. In the
3d and 4lh Districts the selection of the dele
gates, was referred to the people of said Districts.
-
Had His Hearing Restored. The Erie Ga
zette says, that on Thursday, the 20th of May, iu
: Green township, Capt. Amos Walker, an aged
: citizen, who has been very deaf fob many years,
i had his hearing suddenly restored during a thun
! der storm on that afternoon. Capt. Walker
i states that immediately after a very loud report
of thunder, bis head seemed to “feel ah hollow, ’>
and that he told those about him. he could dis
tinctly hear all they said. Ho is now able to
converse without the slightest difficulty, hears as
well as persons fifty years old generally do, and
presenting in his case a curious fact for the in
vestigation of the learned and scientific.
—.
Cubcolio— A. P. Richardson, of Norfolk
l county, Massachusetts, says the Newark (N. J.)
Journal, thinks his success in preventing the at
tacks of curculio is such as to warrant him in
suggesting his plan to others. As soon as the
trees blossom, their trunks are surrounded by
cotton saturated with kerosene oil. This is
placed a foot or two from the ground, and the
oil is renewed once or twice a week, as long as
the curcalio continues to appear.
Emigration on the Increase. —The steamer
Virginia, which arrived at New York last week
from Liverpool, brought out 31 cabin and 997
steerage passengers, exceeding iu number any
previous arrival, except that of the Great East
ern, in the summer of 1863, which numbered
1,012. It is said by some who profess to bo good
at guessing, that the emigration will reach 260,-
000, this year.
A Singular Tbee.— t is said that there is in
Lowell, Mass., an apple tree which never blos
soms, and yet is loaded every year with fruit.—
; Grafts from it blossom as from other trees.- The
I seeds are frequently partially or wholly exposed
I to view at the outside of the “blow" end of the
fruit, while the centre of the fruit is us compact
as that of a turnip.
President Lincoln's body guard at tb
Soldier's Hume, is a company of dragoons, all
- mounted on fine black horses
United States Senator.— The Abolition Lc- ■
gislature of New Hampshire bus electel H. 11. t
Cragjn to the Senate of the United States, for j
six years from the 4th of March next, in the i
place of the Hon. John P. Hale, whose term then j
expires. What has John done 7
From the FhilaMphia Age.
Approaches to Richmond.
In abandoning tbo Mechanicsville route i
to Kicbtuond Gen. Grant has done wisely j
The fortifications of the city, from the i
north around to the cast* arc too strong
for direct quacks. Grant has moved fur- |
ther down the Cbickabominy, and will |
advance from the east and south-east.—
From New Bridge to Bottom’s Bridge
the Cbickabominy runs a south east course
for seven miles. New Bridge is six miles
east-north-east from Richmond, and Bot
tom's Bridge is twelve miles east of Rich
mond. Between these two bridges the riv
ver runs almost directly from the town,
and below Bottom’s Bride it ceases to be
available fur defence. The road from '
Richmond to New Bridge, after crossing
the river, passes u short distance north-1
cast of Gaines’ Mills, and then turns east, i
running past Coal Harbor to White House I
The White House Railroad runs east from
Richmond, and crosses the Cbickabominy \
three-quarters of a mile above Bottom’s
Bridge. South of the railroad, and pa- j
rallel to it, distant from half a mile to a
mile from it, is a turnpike, known as the [
Williamsburg road. It crosses the Chick- |
ahominy at Bottom’s Bridge, and passes j
down the Peninsula to Williamsburg and
Yorktown... _ j
Below Bottom’s Bridge the Chieka-1
hominy is not defended, and the Federal
army could, by a movement in that direc- 1
tion, cross the river and turn this position j
of the enemy. The lop of the ridge forti-:
fied by the Confederates, is a flat table
] land, about a mile broad, covered with |
j but few forests. On it are Gaines’ Mills !
and Gaines’ House. At the back it slopes
down to the Cbickabominy Swamp,
Where tbo railroad crosses, the swamp is
wider than it is above. The trees grow
ing up from the river are larger and the
foliage more luxuriant. A high, long j
trestle bridge is necessary for the crossing. |
Between this bridge and New Bridge are
various roads and crossing places, built by
Gen. McClellan. All of them arc now
used by the Confederates. From the
swamp, which is here nearly two miles
wide, and without a tree excepting those j
which grow up out of the liver, the hills |
slope up very steeply on jhe Richmond :
side. Heavy forests cover the tops and ,
sides of all of them, and along the entire
range there is every opportunity for Con
federate defence. An army crossing the I
wide expanse of bare swamp from the ri- |
ver’s edge to the bases of the bills, would !
run great risks. At New Bridge, Old
Tavern Hill is the name of the ridge.
Below it, the next peak is Lewis’ Hill,
ana then Trent Hill. Below Trent Hill
is the railroad crossing, and the Cbicka
homiuy Swamp here joins the White Oak
Swamp, a vast wilderness, extending south
of Richmond and almost to the Janies ri
ver. The railroad crosses the upper cor
ner of this swamp, and then passes
through the Fair Oaks Swamp. A more
dismal place than Fair Oaks Swamp can
scarcely be imagined. The pine forests,
nearly all pf them slashed to make abattis;
the soft ground, with water oozing out at
every foot step; the thick undergrowth,
and the damp, disagreeable atmosphere,
. are well remembered by all who have ever
been there. Every road over which even
bodies of foot soldiers have to go, must be
built of timber. In this swamp the bat
tle of Fair Oaks was fought. Grant must
pass it, and if it is successfully crossed
new obstacles will confront the advance.
From Old Tavern Hill, southeast runs
the outer ridge of the Richmond defences.
It is from five to six miles from the town.
The inner ridge is parallel to it, and about
three miles from town. Various little
streams, some emtying into the James
River and some into the swamps, form de
pressions and gullies of great assistance in
forming the defensive line. From Fair
Oaks Swamp the outer ridge slopes gradu
ally up, and on the top are fortifications
defending the approaches by the various \
roads. If the Coal Harbor line is carried
or turned by the Federal army, the Chieka
hominy must bo crossed; then the hills be
yond it carried; then Fair Oaks Swamp
must be captured; and after all, the army,
still five miles from Richmond, will be con
fronted by other hills bearing the defen
sive works of the town.
The works southeast of Richmond, are
almost as formidable as those northeast of
ir. The strength of the defenses on the l
New Bridge road has already been slated, j
On the railroad and Williamsburg road, |
tier after tier of forts confront an tvdvan-1
ciug force. Abattis protect ail. They !
are on high places, from which (heir can
non can sweep along the roads and over
the fields. They cannot be turned, for
White Oak Swamp, south of them, pre- j
snnts no advantage for a flanking party. I
North of them the Confederate works,!
along the Cbickabominy above New |
Bridge have already been unsuccessfully
tried.
Increase of Emigration —There j
were four thousand two hundred and eight
ty eight arrivals of European emigrants at ;
New York last weik, which makes the:
whole number of arrivals since January 1
eighty-one thousand one hundred and twen-1 1
ty-nine. The number who arrived up to 1
the corresponding date last year was fifty- j 1
five thousand four hundred and twenty-1
seven.
Horrible. —The fact that several in
terostinggirlshave lately disappeared from 1
the vicinity of Utica, N. Y., has led to the 1
discovery of a secret society regularly or
ganized for the purpose of kidnapping and
transporting to New York city, for infa- 1
mous purposes, such girls us might be 1
marked out tor its victims.
f i
Fifty Dollars Bounty.— The Com- I
missiuuers of Kent county, Maryland, of- \ >
| for a bounty of fifty dollars to volunteers j,
| to fill the quota of the county under the 1 '
I Governor's call f.>r two thousand men for j |
I one bundled days service.
From the Richmond Examiner.
• May God Defend the Right
That wonderful despatch from the
| “Headquarters in the Saddle,” which we
j published yesterday, certainly shows a
j mostchcerful buoyancy of disposition in the
i Yankee nation. Once more, as if noth
j ing of the sort had ever happened before,
| it is announced that ‘‘On to Richmond is
now the Watchword and reply.’’ “Whole
i army again in motion,” as if it had never
i been in motion before, and “By night we
will be within four hour’s march of Kicb
i mond !” Why, they have been ere now
within two hour’s march of Richmond,
| yet somehow failed to arrive there. —
Lee, also, the same despatch affirms, “is
again out generaled’’—by that masterly
movement, namely, from the Llapidan to
the I'amunkey, at a cost of seventy thou
sand men, which might have beeu accom
plished without the loss of one. Nothing
I couid be more chEery than the jolly strat
egy of this saddle correspondent.
He says playfully, “Once getting Lee
snugly ensconced in his works, away we
i go around his flanks and into his rear.”
[ Capital fun ! Nor is it the saddle corn.B
- pondent alone who is so jovial. Secretary
Stantou also announces a despatch from
j Grant, “that everything comeson finely;”
j and another despatch from Washington ‘
i says, “There are the best possible spirits
; to-uiglit in official circles.” Those most
j mercurial and irrepressible official circles
i were in just as higli spirits on the same
j night gone two years. Then, also, On to
| Richmond was the watchword and reply ;
| and yet tiro unconquerred young Napole
j on had reached, without the slaughter of
seventy thousand of his troops, a position
I quite as close to his predestined prey. It
;is now announced, and received, doubt
\ loss, with jubilation throughout all the
.North, that “every cannon fired tbo last
j week has been heard in Richmond,” as if
j Richmond had never heard any cannon
before. Marvellous, indeed, is the elasti
city of that Yankee mind. Crush it to
the earth a dozen times—sink it over and
over in the very depths of despondency,
i still it springs up again as merry as ever,
j singing out, Who's afraid ? Victory is in
j our grasp at last! Once this, or onco
that position gained, and “away we go!”
0 o would almost begin to fancy that
the enemy is really persuaded this time
that he is indeed on the eve of the capture
of Richmond, but for the one trifling eir
j cuuistance that gold has risen to one hun
i dred and eighty-eight. This proves to
| our minds that those at the North who
know best, and have the most immediate
interest in the matter, do not believe the
Yankee army is ever to come on to Rich
j mond at all —which is also decidedly the
| opinion of Richmond herself. If those
■ highly excited official circles of Washing
ton and delighted newspaper readers of
New Y r ork and Boston could but see the
tranquil serenity of these embowered
streets at t r is day how respectfully our
people go about their business; how qui
etly they buy and sell, or even marry and
ar given in marriage as in th day when
Noe ente ed Into the ark. It is true thev
know that a mighty power has gathered
countless hosts around this place commis
sioned to rase it utterly, and leave not
one stone upon- another ; true they know
that accurate plana of the “Doomed City,”
multiplied by the hundred thousands,
point out this very moment every approach
to their peaceful homes, and indicate each
most advantageous method of crushing,
sacking and burning tbo place, drenching
these leafy shades with blood, and strew
ing them with mangled bones and spatter
ed brains.
True, also, that they feel in their souls
how much more blessed on that day of
doom, if it should ever dawn upon them,
would be the mangled dead than the land
less, houseless living; they do hear every
day—the Yankee acoustics are correct —
the roar of cannon flaming in front and
flank of that enormous host, advancing
“with a celerity never known before ;”
they are well aware that this very night,
before the stars shine out —if only one ob
stacle were removed—there might boa
hundred thousand brigands in blue swarm
ing in every street, rampant in every
i house, until the work of slaughter and ra-
I pine were done; and then, in a pyramid
of fire, the city of their pride and love
would rush skyward, with all its pleasant
dwellings, witu the hearths at which its
old people have sat, and the cradles in
which its children have been rockeo. Its
murmuring river, reddened with flame
and blood, would flow hereafter past
mounds of gore-clotted cinders, which
should stand for generations a monument
i of Yankee vengeance.
Yes, they know all this; yet to-night
| they will lie down pcac fully to r- st, irust
■ ing iu Providence that the morning sun
I will shine as serenely into their windows,
through the whispering trees, as on any
morning of the la t hundred years. It is
not that our people are boastful or pre
sumptuous, or unconscious of danger, or
| insensible to the unutterable evils and
curses which would come iu a moment
! upon them and theirs in case of the eno
! my’s success. They know well that the
j fortune . f battle is doubtful, and that each
j iustant of time may bring ou the great ar
j bitramont. But they are not demons ra
! tive, nor by any means histrionic. The
i roll of the great artillery is in their cars ;
i hut they only set their teeth within closed
| lips ; they have soot forth their 1 rarest
I and their dearest to stem that roaring tids
of tell foes, and can hut await the awards
lof a just God in heaven. They feel, too,
lin every fibre of their hearts, that in the
vety best event which can befall, many a
gallant gentleman will be low in the dust,
whose single life could not be paid by a
thousand of tbe base rabble-rout he bolds
at buy.
Yet, after all, it is also felt that this
Richmond is our city; and that no living
creature be permitted to enter it against
our will; and that if any enemy do come
iu, it cannot be saved over our dead bodies;
and that now, even as in obi time, u is
honorable and even delightful {path Juice
and decorum ) t j die for our country.—
.What a contrast is this we have sketched
between the spirit and attitude ot the two
people now in presence upon this soil I
The one race crazy with greediness and in
toxicated with asenseof brute powerin their
numbers and material resources, furiously
striving to crush out of existence a people
1 who have never wronged them, and exult
| ing with loud senseless glee iu tile near
'approach ol the day that will crown with
success the foulest national crime in histo
ry :—on the other side, a community of
high-spirited freemen, seeking nothing in
the world that is not theirs, doing and
aiming to do neither hurt nor barm to any
fellow creature, standing up iu defense of
their own hearth; ami homes, sternly si
lent in the simple might of their own man
hood, with the uniique heroism that in all
ages has impelled brave men to endure
and dare all things for country and honor.
Looking upon which contrast, and deeply
penetrated with its significance, let every
man say with all his heart, may God de
fend the right!
The Rust of Wheat and its Remedies.
From the article on “The Wheat Plant,”
by Lewis Bellman, of Bloomington, Ind.,
I published in the r port of the Commis
sioner of Agriculture, we extract the fol
lowing remarks in relation to rust:
“The oldest of our histones, the Bible,
frequently nl udos to it ns common among
the Jews, ami represents it as one of the
punishments inflicted on that disobedient
people. They were warned that disobedi
ence would be followed ‘with blasting and
with mildew ;’ and when thus punished,
the prophet Haggai says: I. smote you
with blasting aud with mil lew, and with
hail, in all the labors of your hands ; yet
ye turned not to me, saitli the Lord.”—
The Hebrew name for the rust, yareoon,
meaning a yellow color caused by mois
ture, is indicative of the cause aud appear
ance of the disease then as wo find them
now. The Grecian and Roman writers
have transmitted to us like names aud cau
• ses.
The Greeks called it erusilee, and the
Romans ruhijo. Ovid describing the ru
bigalia, a religious festival established by
one of the earliest rulers of Rome, makes
the priest say, “If the sun fervently heats
the moist stalks, then, 0 dread goddess, is
the opportunity for thy dread wrath. Be
meroifuj, I pray, and withhold thy rusting
hands from the crops.” In all times, and
among every civilized people, this disease,
existed, and a moist stalk heated by a hot
sun is tbe cause of it; hence heavy dews,
precipitated by clear, cool nights, succeed
ed by a hot sun during the day, soon de
velops the disease now as it did in the
most ancient periods. It was not until
the microscope was invented that the true
nature of the disease was known. There
is a species of plant which lives ou tbe sap
of other plants, called parasite. The rust
and smut are plants of this character.'—
The microscope shows the fact that rust is
a perfectly formed plant, having roots,
stems, and branches, and producing seed
too small for the unaided eye to discover.
These exist in innumerable quantities in
the atmosphere, awaiting the condition es
sential to their germination aud develop
ment. What these are wo have already
seen.
In the language of Ovid, they are the
sun fervently beating ou the moistened
stalks. When this moisture proceeds from
showery weather, no danger need be ap
prehended ; but when from dews precipi
tated by cool nights, then tbe rust rapidly
develops itself. Whether the moisture in
drying so rapidly causes a contraction of the
outer portion of tbe stem so as to produce
splitting, or whether the coolness of tbe
i night causes it is nut certainly ascertained,
i Be this as it may the result is tbesame—an
j imperceptible spiittiugof the straw through
I which the sap oozes out. Tbe invisible
j aud multitufinous seeds of the rust attach
| themselves to this sap, and burying them
; selves ru vegetate, striking their
] roots'Tu the openings of the straw, thus di-
I verting to themselves the sap of the plant,
; which should go to the, filling out aud ri
i pening of tbe grain. Hence it so rapidly
shrivels, aud often becomes worthless,
j “What is the remedy against this evil?
The Romans sacrificed a red bitch on Ihe
altar of the Goddess Ruhigo, the priest en
treating her to withhold her rusting hands.
If the farmers could be persuaded to sac
i rifieo all bitches to the goddess, then an al
tar ought to be erected to her on every
j farm, for the indirect benefit to the wheat
crop by increased sheep husbandry would
! more than compensate all losses from
; the rust.
“The Jewish prophets regarded the
: blasting and mildew as a punishment of
| the sins of the people But, regarding
I the remedy for rust through the miero
j scope, we find that it is not in all stages of
the growth of the plant that the straw is
j liable to split under heavy dews and a
i hot sun. It is not in its growing state
but iu its ripening stage only, that this re
| suit is produced. Hence, whatever rapid
! ly shortens the ripening stage lessens the
j danger.
“For this purpose there is nothing
equal to stable manure, the precise effects
j of which on the soil aud on the wheat crop \
i will bo stated under the head of manures.
Another remedy is in immediate harvest-j
ing when the crop is affected by the rust. '
The fallowing instructive experiments j
| on this point I find in Mr. Klippart’s es j
j say on wheat, Mr. George D. Hendricks,
| of Preble county, Ohio, writes Mr. Klip
! part us follows :—“ln 1842 I hud a large
I field seriously aff-citd by rust, and, hav-
I ing read in the Oeuewe Farmer the ne
cessity of early cutting, I pul a hand cra
j die to work aud left; was absent a few
i days, and, ou my return, found my baud I
had only cut a few dozen of sheaves, avow- i
ing that it was so green he knew it would
:be worthless. I then procured hands, and
i had the field out, but too late for more
I than half a crop, whilst llje portion cut al
i first was plump, and bad well filled
j grains.”
SaSfTlie ForllunJ Ari/us gives ourren
-1 cy to the rumor that all who jute the new
Abolition “league,” take an oath to k ep
at least a league from gunpowder and
bullets:
The guerillas arc threatening the
navigittiou of the Missouri river, between
Rocbeport aud Independence. They tiro
on every upward-bound steamer.
From the New York Mercury ( Rep .)
The One-Term Principle.
To whatever depths of political intrigue
' corrupt officeholders may stoop in their cn
| dcavors to secure u.monoply of office; how
l ever much the tools of such may prate about
; j the blessings pertaining to the doctrine of
! j re-election, the minds of the people and
I! kbe genius of true republican institutions
are thoroughly and only wedded to tho
f [ one-term principle. Possibly, Mr. Lin-
J Coin, in tho enthusiasm with which he is
' endeavoring to usurp for life the Prcsiden
j ,l “l chair, bs overlooked this truth. If
so, the march of events will speedily sug
gest it. Monopolies in politics are cssen-r
r j tially inonurehial iu their spirit. Long
i terms and double terms, whether hcredi
' 'ary or bestowed, savor too much of the
‘ | vicious institutions of the Old World.
It is this ideutical ouo.term principle
j which is one of the lest features of the
t j Chicago Republican platform; and oven
those who may oppose it upon the grounds
,; of a temporary expediency, admit its
- , sound wisdom and its peculiar value. In
- consonance with the literal spirit of ro
! publicauiani, it presents no phase in which
> iit can be productive of injury to tha
: wholesome political interests of the peo
-3 pie. For such reasons, it will bo sustani
t ed not only by tho active support of the
- independent press, but by tho influence
1 and vote of every thinking man. Mi.
, Lincoln’s attempt to entail the Presidency
i is one which bears the appearance of in
> j gratitude and dishonesty of purpose; and
t j despite the patronage and promises which
- i his adherents may use as magnets where*
> | with to attract the suffrages of loyal men,
- : the attempt must miserably fail. Did
-jhis Administration bear not one of the
1 i blots which disfigure its actual record, his
s hopes of success would have oo better
-1 ouudatiou than they have at present, be
i cause this great principle would still prove
3 inimical to his re-election. Expediency
I may mitigate the severity of fundamental
’ j ideas, hut it should not and cannot relax
3 j them; otherwise we should have &u inver
-3 j sion of that standard maxim: “Principles,
n not men.’’
J - -iitiy
; A Historical Bale of Cotton
j When the steamer Lexington was burnt
s | Long Island Sound, January 19, 1840,
t i David Crowley, ot this city, second mate,
( j wa s saved on a I ale of cotton, upon which
. i ho drifted two days and nights, and final
. | ly went ashore at Riverhead, L. I. • This
j I bail of cotton Mr. Crowley has preserved
| | with religious care until the present time,
. but tha price of the staple to day has
, I brought out the sacred relic for sale. It
I is of remarkable quality, and the 300
tj pound bale is worth from four to five hun
. | dred dollars. —Providence Journal.
* The Health op Gen. Scott.—Gen.
j | Scott attained on Monday last his 78th
| year, and it will be gratifying to his fel
, low countrymen to know that he enjoy*
| excellent health and spirits. The Gencr
' al bas just completed the Memoirs of his
, Life, and bas given them out for publioa
j tion, contracting that they must be rea
, dy for issue early in July. Ho continues
I | to take his usual daily drives, and, ad van
j ced iu years as he is, appears as erect and
; as soldierly as when he led his triumphant
: troops to the gates of Mexico.—aV. Y.
. Time*.
An Improbable Contingency. — It
1 is related that when Mr. Wendell Phillips
was what time ho intended retur
ning to France, he replied, “Not until the
| slaves are frce, and the women vote.” if
possible, we could wish that both these
j contingencies had occurred, so that tbi*
talented but fanatical gentleman might
■ have no excuse for remaining longer in
j America. Very many slaves have been
' practically emancipated, but the women
i are not yet allowed to vote. When they
i are, Mr. Phillips will have sufficient com
| pauy on his voyage to Gaul. All the men
! will be eager to accompany him,
Gen Grant’s Brother in-Law Rob
| bed by Guerillas.—Judge Dent, broth
•| in-law of Gen. Grant, bas for some tuae
| past been cultivating u plantation ten milei
j back of Skipwith’s Landing, on the Mis
sissippi. A guerilla party entered the
| neighborhood on last Tuesday, stole sixty
j mules, and carried away all the negroes
| employed on the plantation, and tvery
| thing else that could bo removed. The
judge himself reached Skipwith’s Lauding
and came up to Memphis.
Tho editor of the New Orleans
True Della says he cannot see from any
’1 intelligence he has, that “the status of
Gen. Bunks is. affected in the slightest de
gree.” Wo think that his “status” wif
very considerably affected by tiie disgiv e
ful whipping he got Lorn Dick Taylor.—•
If it wasn’t it is a very hard “status” to
affect. —Jjouisville Journal
The Cotton Manufacture—The
I Woonsocket (il. I.) Patriot says the pros
j peels of the cotton manufacture are so dia
j couraging that some owners of mills iu
1 that village and vicinity contemplate stop
j ping their works soon unless the price of
the raw material recedes. Cotton has
| been selling at 81.28 per pound.
At Blenheim, the residence of the bride's fath
er, on Tuesday, the 14th instant, by the Rev.
Wliliam Finney, ISAAC (i. MATTHEWS, of
Howard county, to Miss A. HELEN, daughter
of Dr. JoinsK. SappingUm, of this county.
In Baltimore, on the 15th hist., by the Rev. J,
I McKendry Reiley, Mr. JOHN Q. STOKHAM, of
I Harford county, to Miss MARY L. BOWVEU,
of Baltimore city.
NOTICE. .
',4 LL persons are forwarned from harbor
xl- ' n gt or gßiug employment to my ne
gro slave Charles Bond, who has abscon
ded from me, us 1 intend enforcing the
penalties of the law against any one em
ploying him. Mrs. M. J. 11EALD,
Per John Stewart, Agent.
je24-3t
WANTED. —A Situation as GOVER
NESS, by a Lady prepaied to
teach the English Branches, French and
M usic.
Address “ALICE,” Bel Air, Md.

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