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The aegis & intelligencer. [volume] (Bel Air, Md.) 1864-1923, January 27, 1865, Image 1

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THE tEGIS & INTELLIGENGER.
“ LET US CLING TO THE CONSTITUTION AS THE MARINER CLINGS TO THE LAST PLANK WHEN THE NIGHT AND TEMPEST CLOSE AROUND HIM."
*' • ■!*.
- .... ■ ■ , - ■ .
$1.50 PER ANNUM. BEL AIR, MD. FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 27, 1565. VOL. IX.—NO. 4.
8188 & CO.
Baltimore Stove House,
No. 39 LIGHT STREET,
SMmtOJML-
The season is now at hand to bnv your
STOVKS, FURNAI ES, RANGES, &.c.
Also look ami see what repairs you want
done lo your stoves, and send in your or
ders early, that we may execute them ul
once. Further delay may cause you in
convenience.
Don’t forget that we are still selling that
matchless Fire place Stove the
“OEM
To heat Ist, 2d and 3d stories, at a re
duced price, and also the Re-improved j
“OLD DOMINION” Cook Stove, that
has so nobly stood the test over ail com
petitors.
Send in vour orders early to
8188 & CO.,
Baltimore Stove House,
39Light street, Baltimore.
N. B.—Old Stoves and Iron taken in
exchange. o7 ,
Franklinville Store
Baltimore County.
KEEP constantly on hand a large and
well assorted slock of all kinds of
Goods adapted lo the wants of the public,
siich as
Dry Goods, Groceries,
HARDWARE,
SKSSSfo SAJ4S& SmS&Sv
KTO-PIOIVS,
CHINA AND GLASS WARE,
In fart any and every variety of articles
necessary lo a well assorted slock, (.11 of
which will be sold at very lowest Cash
prices. The Factory being in operation,
it affords a fine market foj-
BOTJfTOT siaimvts,
for which the highest prices will be paid.
The public are invited to call. fe36
NEW iiiii
THE undersigned have Just received a
large and well selected stock of Goods
suitable for the season. They are con
stantly making up the neatest work, and
the newest and most 1 fashionable style of
. Bonnets for the FALL and WlN
££3 TER, to which they invite the atten
, IK tton of the citizens of the town and j
the surrounding country. They also de- '
sire an occasional call from their Baltimore :
friends, when they want something of ex-|
tra style and finish, as they are aware that j
the undersigned can and will take pleasure i
in putting up work of that description.
In addition to all styles of Bonnets, •
they keep constantly on hand a variety of
LADIES’ AND GENTLEMEN’S
mmxm ware,
Such as Ribbons, Laces, Gloves; Hosiery,
Suspenders, and many other articles in
the Notion line.
Thankful for the liberal patronage here
tofore given the firm, they expect by strict
attention to business to merit its continu
ance.
M. J. WRIGHT &. MITCHELL,
Washington street, two doors north of
the Railroad, and next door to Nixon’s
Hotel, ll avke-de-Gkace. sep2s
FARMERS, TAKE NOTICET
117 E are at all times paying in cash
VV Port Deposite prices for
GRAIN,
AT OCR WAREHOUSE IN
liaptdum, Harford County, Ud.
Have also on hand a large and well se
lected stock of
Well seasoned and of good quality.
FINE BONE, GUANO,
PHOSPHATE,
PLASTER & SALT,
Constantly on hand.
Farmers will find it to their interest to
give us a call.
ANDREW ABELS,
ju26 Agent fur Davis &. Pugh.
LIMB! Z
LIME !
LIME!
THE subscribers, successors to Cook St
Hides, take this method of informing
the public that they are prepared lo fur
nish them with a superior quality of UN
SLACKEU LIME, delivered at any of
the accessible landings on the tributaries
of the Chesapeake Bay, timing the naviga
ble season, an!l respectfully solicit their
patronage.
Ordeis should be given thirty days in
advance, and addressed to the firm at
Havrf.-de-Gracr, Md.
dec9-ly JAMES COOK & CO.
O. MHIIRVMAN. E. P. EEECII, D. D. #.
MERRVIVIAN & KEECH.
888TS8T8,
JVo. 50 North Calvert Street,
■b BILTIUOUL
THE >EGIS AND INTELLIQENGER
18 PUBLISHED
EVERY FRIDAY MORNING,
BT
BATEMAN & BAKER,
AT
One Dollar and Fifty ‘Cents Per Annum ,
, IN ADVANCE, OTHERWISE
TWO DOLLARS WILL BE CHARGED.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
One square, (eight lines or less,) three inser
tions, SI.OO. Each subsequent insertion 25 cts.
One square three months, $3.00; Six months,
$5.50.; Twelve months, SB.OO.
Business cards of six lines or less, $5 a year.
No subscription taken for less than a year.
i i ■ i ————
Poetical.
THE SNOW.
[We find the following, says the Louisville
\ Journal , floating about thesea of newspaperdom,
j and though its mournful cadences fall upon the
, car like the strains of well-remembered music,
| we cannot recall the anther’s name.]
ONCE I WAS PURE.
Oh ! the snow, the beautiful snow,
Filling the sky and earth below ;
Over the house-tops, over the street,
Over the heads of the p ople you meet,
Dancing,
Flirting,
Skipping along,
Beautiful snow ! it can do nothing wrong,
. Flying lo kiss a fair lady's cheek,
Clinging to lips in a frolicksome freak,
Beautiful snow from the heaven above,
Pure us an angel, gentle as love I
Oh 1 the snow, the beautiful snow,
How the flakes gather and laugh as they go I
Whirling about in its maddening fun,
It plays its glee with every one,
Chasing,
Laughing,
Hurrying by,
It lights up the face and it sparkles the eye I
And even the dogs, with a bark and a bound,
Snap at the crystals that eddy around ;
The town is alive, and its heart in a glow,
To welcome the coming of beautiful snow 1
How the wild crowd goes swaying along,
Hailing each other with humor and song !
How the gay sledges like meteors flash by,
Bright for the moment, then lost to the eye :
Binging,
Swinging,
Dashing they go,
Over the crest of the beautiful snow ;
Snow so pure when it fulls from the sky,
To be trampled in the mud by the crowd rush
ing by,
To be trampled and-tracked by the thousands
of feet,
Till it blends with the filth in the horrible street, i
| Once I was pure as the snow—but I fell 1
Fell like the snow flakes, from heaven to hell ;
Fell to bo trampled ns filth of the street; • \
Fell to be scoffed, to he spit on and beat; j
Pleading,
Cursing,
Dreading to die,
Selling ray soul to whoever would buy,
! Dealing in shame for a morsel of bread,
1 Hating the living and fearing the dead ;
Merciful God 1 have I fallen so low 7
And yet I was once like the beautiful snow. |
Once I was fair as the beautiful snow,
With an eye like its crystal, a heart like its glow; j
Once I was loved for my innocent grace— !
Flattered and sought for the charms of my face. '
Father,
Mother,
Sisters, all,
God, and myself, I have lost by ray fall ;
The veriest wretch that goes shivering by,
Will take a wide sweep, lest I wander too nigh. |
How strange it should be that this beautiful 1
[■ snow
Should full on a sinner with nowhere to go 1 |
1 How strange it should be when the night '\
comes again,
If the snow and the ice struck my desperate
brain,
Fainting,
Freezing,
1 Dying alone,
Too wicked for prayer, too weak for moan
To be heard in the crazy town,
Gone mad in the joy of the snow coming down,
To lie and to die in my terrible woe,
With a bed and a shroud of the beautiful snow.
Miscellaneous. j
The Titos Oates Plot
In these days of plots, inventions, &c ,
| it would be well for those who get them
, up lo remember the lessons of history.—
The following is Macaulay’s description of
the famous Titus Oates Plot, and the re
sult of it ;
Yet was the ferment excited by thisdis-!
covery—the French plot against Dauby— ,
’; slight, when compared with the commo- 1
tion which arose when it was noised abroad
that a great Popish plot had been detected.
One Titus Oates, a clergyman of the
church of England, had, by his disorderly
life and heterodox doctrine, drawn on him
self the censure of his spiritual superiors,
had bceu compelled to quit his beucfice,
and had, ever since, led an infamous and
' vagrant life. He had 6nce pesfeased him
' seif a Roman and had passed
i sometime on the continent in English ool
pj leges of the order of Jesus. In these sem
inaries he had heard much wild talk about
’ the best means of bringing England back
.| to tho true church. From hints thus fur
j nished, he coustucted a hideous romance,
t j resembling rather the dream of a sick
t lU! >n than any transaction which ever took
j place in the real world. The Pope, he
said, hod intrusted the government of Eng
| land to the Jesuits. The Jesuits had,
j by commissions under the seal of their so
ciety, appointed Catholic clergyman, po-;
linemen and gentlemen, to all tho highest
offices in church and state. The Papists
had burned down London once. They \
i had tried to burn it down again. They j
were at that moment planning a scheme J
' for setting fire to all the shipping in the
Thames. They were to rise at a signal ' -
and massacre all thfeir Protestant neigh- i
hors. A French army was at the same
time to land in Ireland. All the leading ! 1
statesmen and divines in England were to I
bo murdered. Three or four schemes had ' i
been formed for assassinating the king. |1
He was to be stabbed. He was to be pois- !j
onod in his medicine. He was to be shot J i
with silver bullets. The public mind was
so sore and excitable that these lies rcadi- i
iy found credit with the vulgar; and two ;
events which speedily took place led even i
some reflecting men to suspect that the ;
taie, though evidently distorted and esag- i
gerated, might have some foundation. 1
Edmund Coleman, a very busy uud not
very honest Roman Catholic intriguer, had I
been among the persons accused. Search '
was made for his papers. It was found i
that he had destroyed the greater part of i 1
them. But a few which had escaped, ! 1
contained some passages which, to minds (
strongly prepossessed, might seem to con
firm the evidence of Oates. Those passa- i
ges, indeed, when candidly construed, ap- '
pear to express little more than the hopes!
which the posture of affairs, tho prcdilec-' t
lions of Charles, the still stronger predi-1;
lections of James, and the relations exist- I <
ing between the French and English 11
courts, might naturally excite in the mind 1
of a Roman Catholic strongly attached to 1 i
the interests of his church. But the coun-, I
try was not then inclined to oupstrue the
letters of Papists candidly ; and it w-s i
urged, with some show of reason, that, if i
papers which bad been passed over as un
important were filled with matter so suspi- (
cions, some great mystery of iniquity must j
have been contained in those documents i
which had been carefully committed to <
the flames.
The capital and tho whole nation went
mad with hatred and fear. The penal i
laws, which had begun to lose something i
of their edge, were sharpened anew
Everywhere justices were busied in search- i
ing houses and seizing papers. All the
jails were filled with Papists. London i
had the aspect of a city in a state of siege.
The train bands wore under arms all i
night. Preparations were made for barri
cading the great thoroughfares. Patrols
marched up and down the street. Can
non were planted round Whitehall. No
citizen thought himself safe unless he car
ried under his coat a small flail loaded
with Tead to brain the Popish assassins.
The houses insisted that a guard should
be pi mod in the vaults over which they
, sat, in order to secure them against a so- 1
\ coud Gunpowder Plot. All their proceed-1
i ings were of a piece with this demand.— j
To such a temper had eighteen years of I
misgovernment brought the most loyal j
j Parliament that had ever met in Eng-:
| land.
Meanwhile, the courts of justice, which
| ought to be, in the midst of political com- i
j motions, sure places of refuge for the in
nocent of every party, were disgraced by 1
I wilder passions aud fouler corruptions than j
were found even on the hustings. The tale |
of Oates, though it hud sufficed to convulse j
j the whole realm, would not, uutil confirmed 1
; by other evidence, suffice to destroy the j
j humblest of those whom he had accused.
For, by the old law of England, two wit
nesses are necessary to establish a charge
of treason. But the success of the first
j imposture produced its natural conse
j quences. Id a few weeks he had been
[ raised from penury and obscurity to opu
| leuce, to power, which made him the
dread of princes and nobles, and to noto-
I ricty such as has for low and hard minds
i all the attractiveness of glory. Ho was
not long without coadjutors and rivals. A
wretch named Carstairs who had earned a
living in Scotland by going disguised to
conventicles and then informing against
the preachers, led the way. Bedloc, a
j noted swindler, followed; aud soon from
: all the brothels, gambling bouses, uud
| spungiug houses of London, false witness
-1 es poured forth to swear away the lives of
I Roman Catholics. One came with a story
I about an army of 30,000 nieu, who were
to muster in the disguise of pilgrims at
Corunna, and to sail theuco to Wales.—
! Another bad been promised canonization
and five hundred pounds to murder the
king. A third had stepped into an eating
1 house in Convent garden, and had there
j heard a great Reman Catholic banker vow,
| in tho hearing iff all the gues s aud draw
ers, to kill the heretical tyrant. Oates,
j that he might not be eclipsed by his imi
| itatora, soon added a large supplement to
j his original narrative. He hud the por
tentous impudence to affirm, among other
things, that he had once stood behind a
door which was ajar, aud had there over
heard the queen declare that she had re
solved to give her couseut to the assassina
tion of her husband. The vulgar believ
ed, and the highest magistrates pretended
to believe, even such fictions as these.—
The chief judges of the realm were cor
rupt, cruel and timid. The leaders of the
country party encouraged the prevailing
delusion. The most respectable among
them, indeed, were themselves so far de
luded as to believe the greater part of the
evidence of the plot to bo true. Such
men as Shaftesbury and Buckingham
doubtless perceived that the whole was a
romance. But it was a romance which
served their turn, and to their scared con
science the death of an innocent man gave
no more uneasiness than tho death of a
| partridge. Tho juries partook of the foel
i lugs then common throughout the nation,
j aud were encouraged by the bench to in-|
i dulge those feelings without restraint. — j
I Tho multitude applauded Oates, and his i
| confederates booted aud pelted the wit-j
nesses who appeared on behalf of tho ac
cused, and shouted with joy when the
verdict of guilty was pronounced.
Some of these wretches were already
beyond the reach of human justice. Bed
loc had died in his wickedness, without
one sign of remorse or shame. Dugdule
had followed to tho grave, driven mad,
itien said, by tho furies of an evil con
science, and with loud shrieks imploring
those who stood round his bed to take
away Lord Stafford. Carstairs, too, was
gone. His end was all horror and despair;
and with his last breath he had told his
attendants to throw him into a ditch like
a dog, lor that he was not fit to sleep in a
Christian burial-ground. But Oates and
Dangerfiold were still within the reach of
the stern prince whom they had wronged.
Two bills of indictment against him
(Oates) for perjury had been found by tho
Grand Jury of Middlesex, a few weeks be
fore the death of Charles. Soon after tho
close of the elections the trial came on.
On the day in which he was brought to
the bar, Westminister Hall was crowded
with spectators, among whom were many
Roman Catholics eager to see the misery
and humiliation of their persecutor. A few
years earlier, his short neck, his logs un
even as those of badger, his forehead low
as that of a baboon, his purple cheeks, aud
his monstrous length of chin, had been fa
miliar to all who frequented the courts of
law. He had been the idol of tho nation.
Wherever be had appeared, men had un
covered their heads to him. The lives 4nd
estates of the magnates of the realm had
been at his mercy. Time had now
changed ; and many who had formerly re
garded him as tho deliverer of his coun
try, shuddered at the sight of those hid
eous features on which villainy seemed to
ha written by the hand of God.
It was proved beyond all possibility of
doubt that this mao had, by false testimo
ny, deliberately murdered several guiltless
persons. He called in vain on tho most
eminent members of the parliament which
had rewarded and extolled him, to give
evidence in his favor. Some of those
whom ho had summoned absented them
selves. None of them said anything tend
ing to his vindication. One of them, the
Earl of Huntingdon, bitterly reproached
him with having deceive 1 the houses, and
drawn on them tho guilt of shedding inno
cent blood.
He was convicted on both indictments.
His offense, though,in amoral light,mur
der of the most aggravated kind, was, in
the eye of the law, merely a misdemeanor.
The tribunal, however, was desirous to
i make his punishment more severe than
j that of felons or traitors, and not merely
to put him to death, but lo put him to
| death by frightful torments. Ho was
sentenced to be stripped of his clerical
j habits, to be pilloried in Palace Yard, to
i be led round Westminister Hal!, with an
| inscription declaring his infamy over his
head, to be pilloried again in front of the
Royal Exchange, to be whipped from
! Aldgate to Newgate, aud after an interval
l of two days to be whipped from Newgate
Ito Tyburn. If against all probability be
' should happen to survive this horrible in
fliction, ho was to be kept a close prison
er during life. Five times every year he j
was to be brought forth from his dungeon J
and exposed on the pillory in different j
parts of the capital.
This rigorous sentence was vigorously
executed.
For the JEyis and Intelligencer.
Friendship.
"I am constant as the Northern star,
Of whose true fixed and resting quality
There is no fellow in the firmament.”
Happy are those who realize the felicity
of true friendship. They possess a treas
ure more lasting than gold—a flower
whoso fragrjtnee is enduriug. Love may
“sicken and decay,” from its own lavish
waste and suifeit; the idol, stripped of
its tinsel, may stand forth in all its noth
ingness; but true friendship, like the
taper in the sick-room, burns steadily on,
shedding its calm unvarying light through
the long, weary watches of the night. In
the better language of Bulwer—“Friend
ship is the wine of existence; love the
dram drinking.’’
Some writer has figuratively described
the difference between friendship and love,
by telling us that the man in love “puts
on his tight boots when he visits his in- 1
amorata, but wears bis old shoes wheu he \
visits his friend.” This is a very good j
description of that line of demarcation [
v/bich separates love and friendship. We
wish those who love us to thiuk us perfec
tion ; wo are willing to let our friend see
that we are human We feel that our
friend will lament over our errors, aud
deal gently with them- in his thoughts and
words; but the one who has singled us j
out as an idol, will only see that bright
ideal in all the bideousness of reality.
Constancy is the grand feature of true
friendship ; without this basis the fabric
will not stand. Without constancy, friend- j
ship is only an ijnis ftiluus, to lure a i
trusting, coutiding heart, and thou vanish ;
away, to leave that heart more desolate. —
It is this “ouo error,’' the want of constan
cy in cementing our friendships, that fills
them with sorrow, aud makes us feel how
keen the wound, when it is received “in
the bouse of a friend.” M.
X curious case is about to bo tried
in Paris. A lady is about to prove in open
court that she is not tho mother of her
| children, or rather the children w.hich her
| husband attributes to her. This matter is
: to be demonstrated by decisive arguments,
j tho Isdy herself demanding to plead.
How a Bridegroom Was Treated.
A circle of gay young bachelors was
thrown into confusion a day or two ago by .
the desertion of one of their number, who
fell a victim to the charms of a beautiful i
and amiable young lady. Forborne cause I
best known to himself, tho enamored j
Benedict kept the matter a secret, and
without inviting his bachelor friends to
the wedding, had the knot tied in an un
ostentations manner, aud started on a bri
dal tour to some village in Illinois.
His friends, of course, heard of the wed
diug tho day after it occurred, and feeling
slighted, determined to have revenge.—• ,
When the happy man returned from his
lour, he was taken aback by being waited
upon by a stranger, a detective, who pro
luced an order for his arrest on a charge
■>f disloyalty. Having at one time enter
.ained a sneaking sympathy for “our
■iouthern brethren,'’ he was greatly trou
ded He was taken by the detective into
darkened room, where the examining
•oard was sitting, and was surprised to
es that they all wore masks and doani,
ioes
He asked why he was not allowed to
;e the face of his judges, and was told
hat they were disguised on account of
lie discovery of spies and traitors in the
overnment service. Ho was then ac*
used of having uttered snob and such
entiments in the presence of certain of
bis friends, whose names wore given, and
s ho could not deny what ho had said, he
dead guilty, and threw himself on the
acrey of the court—urged his yonth and
loxperienoc—the fact of his recent mar
i iage, &o.
Although his pathetic appeals appeared
i > soften the flinty hearts of his judges,
et it could not turn aside the ponderous
■tinnier of justice, and be was sentenced
> i six months’ imprisonment in the Alton
prison, at hard labor, with ball and chain
ttaohed to the left leg. This was a terri
ble blow to a man who had been married
tut three or four days, and the prisoner
/as greatly affected.
After witnessing the misery of the con
'emued man for a few moments, the mock
J udges threw off their masks, and appeared
before him as his uninvited wedding guests,
t’hey told him they had taken this mode
■f punishing him for his failure to invite
hem to his wedding, and he was so glad
i ) find that the thing was all a joke,
! hat he treated the party to a champagne
nd oyster supper, and promised that he
•zould never get married again without
heir presence— Missouri Bern.
' '•
The Stones op the Temple.— The
uarble stones which composed Solomon's
Temple were said to be forty cubits long,
twelve thick, and eight high. Sup
posing a cubit to be eighteen inches, which
s tho lowest estimate, they would be sixty
leet long, eighteen feet thick, and twelve
hot high. And supposing a cubic foot of
uarble to weigh 3,707 ounces, one of these
tones weighed 2,752,038 pounds and
-2 ounces. And supposing one man lo be
.ble to raise 200 pounds, it would require
13,760 men to raise one of these, and also
i little boy who could raise 38 pounds and
twelve ounces. And supposing ono man
to require a square yard to stand upon, it
would require 2 acres, 3 roods, 11 perches,
and 12 yards for them to stand upon while
raising it, besides a place fur the little boy
to stand. What floats must have been ne
cessary to carry them across the sea of Jop
pa! And what kind of teams, as well as
wagons, do you suppose they had to carry
these stones from Joppa to Jerusalem,
which was about thirty miles, and a moun
tainous country ? And what skill was ne
cessary to square and dress these immense
stones, so that when they were brought to
gether, they fitted so exactly that they had
the appearance of being cne solid atone. —
Casket.
A Billion. —What is a billion? The
National debt, as given by the President,
on the Ist of July last amounted to one
billion seven hundred and forty millions
of dollars. We hear much dispute over
this statement, some contending that it
means one thing and some another. The
difficulty probably arises from the differ
ent ways of computing a billion, there be
ing two methods, the French and English.
According to the latter, a billion is a mil
lion millions, and according to the French
system it is only a thousand millions
The French method of computation is tho
one used iu this county;, so that our pub
lic debt in July, as stated by Mr. Lincoln,'
was iu round figures one thousand seven
hundred and forty millions of dollars.—
The difference can better be seen by put
ting the amount of debt iu figures as the
rules of each system would require it:—
French (aud American) system, 81,740,-
000,000. English system, 81,000,740,-
000,000.
-*■•*
B®* Two follows making a noise in the
Theatre Royal, Dublin, were brusquely or
| deted to be silent by a gigantic Emeral
, der, who happened to be in the same box,
whereupon they shouted :
“You shall hear from us; our name is
Lawes.’’
“Lawes, is it ?” quoth the big man,
“then I’ll give you an addition to your
name," and kicking them out of the box,
he exclaimed. “Lawes ye were, but by
the powers, it’s Out Lawes ye are now.”
When you see a man on a moon
ligut night trying to convince his shadow
that it is improper to follow a gentleman,
you may be sure that it is high time for
him lo joiu a temperance society.
{©•A Londoner recently poisoned him-
I self on his mother’s grave, leaving the fol
lowing letter ; “My dear wife—When you
read these lines the individual who writes
them will have taken the liberty of taking
a view of the future state of society. Igo
ito my mother. You remain to look after
j the boy, God will raise up for you what
II wanted —Friends. God will protect you.
| See how wrong you were when you said I ,
bad not the courage to commit tho act I
: hinted to you I I believe now what Shak-
I spearo says, that there is a method in mad*
1 ness. Farewell to this world 1 Since our
juvenile days, since first love has ripened
into manhood’s devotion, and the love of
my boyhood has become manhood's affec
tion—since our first love was generated
when we were boy and girl together, I
have been yours, but I now constitute my
self judge of tlie Divorce Court, and I
now leave you. With Eugene Aram I
have followed reason and not vice; niy
faults arc from tho head and not from tha
heart. Bn sure to bring up the boy in
strong feeling of religion; that I neglect
ed
BaT The correspondent of the Spring
field Republican, is responsible for the
following :
Last week, in a village hard by, where
ministers are not so plenty as in larger
places, Squire F—, a justice of the peace,
a man of good common sense and sterling
integrity, remarkable for bluntness rather
than blandness of manner, and whose lit
erary attainments extended to the writing
of his name,was called on by a colored fam
ily to make a few remarks at the funeral
of their son, in the absence of the only
clergyman of tho place. The weeping
friends were seated about the room, when
he rose and said: “It’s pretty bad; but, if
I was you, I wouldn’t take on so. It’s all
for the best. S’pose he’d lived and grown
to be a fat, healthy boy,—why he’d never
been nothin’ but a d—d nigger, anyhow”
Continental Currency.—The total
amount of paper issued duriflg the war of
Independence reached $200,000,000.
The official statement of tho various issues,
with their respective values in Spanish
dollars at tho time of emission, gives S2B
in paper for one dollar in specie as tha
comparative rate for November, 1776. A
few months afterward it was more than
one hundred to one. John Adams, wri
ting to the Count of Vergennes, in Jnno,
1780, says: “Linens, which cost two
francs (40 els.) in France, were sold in
the States at SBO a yard. Broadoioth sold
at S2OO per yard. Bobea tea, $45 a lb.;
salt, S4O u bushel, and in some of the
States, at $200.”
fi©”Tho New York Times says, “it is
safer to take a stroll on the picket Hue of
the James than to walk alone through the
streets of New York after nightfall.” The
Police Commissioners of the same city, in
their last annual report, say :—“ln no
city of the civilized world, not the theatre
of actual war, is human life so lightly
prized and subjected to as great hazards
from violence as in New York and Brook
lyn.” So it would seem, from the state*
ments of its own journals and officials, that
Now York is a pretty bard place to live in.
{©•The lust wicked story of Paris is
that there is a mother—married, of course,
very early—who still prides herself on her
youth and beauty. She has had differ
ences with her son, who is old enough at
least to bo examined on oath. They both *
had to state their age in a court of justice.
. “Your age, madam?” asks the courteous
. justice. “Twenty-five,” says the auda
> cious mother. A little later the soB is in
■ the box. “Your age, sir,” asks tho jus
-1 tier. “Why,” answers ingenuous youth,
. “I find, to my astonishment, that 1 am a
year older than my mother.”
i Talented Youth.—A good anecdote
is told of a house-painter’s son, who used
, the brush dexterously, but bad acquired
i the habit of “putting it on too thick.”—
One day bis father, after having frequent
ly scolded him far his lavish daubing, and
i all to no purpose, gave him a severe tla
. gellation.
“There, you young rascal,’’ said he, af
. ter performing the painful duty, “how do
. you like that?”
i “Wt)li, 1 don’t know, dad,” whined the
. boy, in reply, “but it seems to me that
i you put it on a thunderin’ sight thicker
. than I did I’’
i {©- “Come here, my little lad,” said
' an attorney to a boy about nine years old.
“A case is between the devil and tha
people—which do yon think will be tho
■ most likely to gain the action ?" Thu
• boy replied : “I guesS it will be a hard
' squeeze; the people have the moat
money, but the devil has the most law
yers.”
3, ...
I©* “Boys,” said a village pedagogue,
- “what is tho cause of all this noise io
, school to-day?” “It is Bill Sykes, sir,
who is all the time imitating a steani-un
s gine.”
“Come up.hcre, William; if you have
, turned into a locomotive, it is high timo
r you were switched off.”
> -•■ ■
i l©“An iron letter has just been sent by
mail from Pittsburg to England. Tho
iron was rolled so thin that the sheet was
- only twice tho weight of a similar sized
v sheet of ordinary note paper. It is sup.
i, posed to be the thinnest iron ever rolled iu
r the world, and was manufactured by the
Sligo Iron Works.

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