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Reliable Nam and Forceful Editorials expressed ia conser vative lanfnafa. | $1.50 PER ANNUM Fall and Winter Goods Now In Winchester Guns, Shells and all Hunters Supplies Auto Robes and Blankets Neponset Floor Coverings (••IISSSSeSIIiIIIISMSSStMISMIIIIItIIMISIICSIIMMItaiIIIIIIIIMIIIIItISSSISISIICMIIISCSIIIMSSIi. ? CALORIC FURNACES :: South Bend Steel Ranges GENUINE FORD PARTS i - * ... Agents for ... HUDSON CARS ESSEX CARS F. BOND BOARMAN . EL AIR, MD. KUNKEL rSERVICn COMPANY I Goodyear Cushions I I YEARS TO YOUR TRUCK’S LIFE I I If your truck costs $3,000.00 and lasts I W six years, it is costing you on an aver- B ■ age of $5,00.00 per year. If B I GOODYEAR CUSHIONS I I ji add only ONE YEAR to the life of I ■ i your truck, you automatically save I TRUCKS DON’T WEAR OUT-THEY “SHAKE” OUT I j Ask to see the wonderful S ■ jjjGoodyear Cushion : : B B Bel Air Road and Bond Street Phone Bel Air 85 B' ■ HEADQUARTERS—BALTIMORE * H B s> H Stoves-Ranges—Furnaces Coal Stoves, Wood Stoves Cook Stoves Sexton Ranges Homaker Furnaces Perfection Oil Heaters Ammunition, Guns, Rifles, Gunning Coats and Leggins Aato Accessories, Tires and Tubes | The New “UNIVEUSAL” Vacuum Cleaners Ike HARDWARE SUPPLY CO. Phone 79 - BEL AIR, MD. HENRY TARRING & SON Embabners and Funeral Directors BEL AIR, MD. AT YOUR SERVICE ,im imiiNMNiHiHMiHiiii •• iiwei All work done at your request will lie satisfactory not only to you but to the family. Equipment ample and modern. Temporary Phone Call Bel Air 311 Aberdeen 54 1878 1922 J. C. TAYLOR & SON MARBLE WORKS ALL KINDS Of IAKILE AND OAMTE MONUMENTS AND HEADSTONES car. PHOWK J AMETTSVILIE, MD the <tt yecis ' v • w BEL AIR, MARYLAND, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 1.1922 NEW NASH PRICES Lower price* on 691 aeriea NASH ef fective immediately F. O. B. FACTORY PRICES D-pu.snenger Touring $1240 7-pa*senger Touring. 1390 2-pasaenger Roadster 1210 4-paJsenger sport 1395 Coupe 1890 Sedan 2190 FOUR PRICES; Touring $936 Roadater 916 Cab 1195 Carriole 1275 Coupe 1386 Sedan - 1546 f. o. b. Milwaukee All Nash models, both open and Jot ed, have cord tire* aa standard equip ment H. C. SCARBOROUGH Phono 27-lU, Darlington, Md. /f Hands chapped IMENTHOLATUM I auickJyai^^^r New Low Prices „ ♦ i : i Pure Spring Wheat Bran 230 , Diamond Dairy Feed |4B 1 at Warehouae ; Seal of Mianeßota Middling* r 240 ’ Seal of Minnesota Flour in bar rel lota at the warehouae 210.60 i Am Harford agent for thia Floor Ov Groceries Are The Best S. 0. GOSWEILER | CABSINS BUN, MD. AND INTELLIGENCER Private Sale On eerount of hud health I will tell to the flint buyer 120 Acres of Land GOOD HOUSE. Barn. Chic- t ken House, Granary. Hob Horn*. SPUING HOUSE. -Jf ami TENANT HOUSE. 75 ACRES in hlh atata of cultivation. 25 acres pasture. 20 acre* woodland, This land ia close to mill, store, school, cream ery and church. S miles from railroad, 4 mile* to town. 1 will include 130 barrels corn, 1500 bundle* of fodder, 10 tons of Hay, IB tons Straw. 12 acres wheat, stock; and machinery. 12 Hluh Grado T R. Tested Cows, 4 horaea. 5 uond brood aows,tkM|> hay fork and 120 feet rope. 4 seta doüble , 1 plows, harrows, mowing machine, drill, hay rake, binder, 2-horse wagon, spring wagon, bu-rgy. hoes, forks, shovels, 126 tomato bones. 10 milk cans and several other things too nu meroous to mention. This land is well watered, with springs and branches, apring 50 feet of door, bounded on 3 sides with public road and not a road thru land, good orchard, applae, iwachee and cher ries, rome and see a good home for anyone. Bring your wives and children and look for you reelf Easy terma, one-third down and balance on time. For pr-vja and further particulars write or see W. P. CAUDILL. Whlteford. Md.. R D. No. 2. Box M. Exifcel BATTERIES UUHEN you need sound advice, Expert Repair Work on any make of Bat tery, or a new long-lastiny EXIDE let us serve you. Radio Supplies Macleans Garage Bel Air, Md. Courtland St„ Just Last of Court House. Eggs& Chickens Baltimore Quotations For Chickens Highest Prices Paid For Eggs Bring Us Your Business Hankins Brothers Fountain Green Store P. O. BEL AIK R. I). IIP ITS A Batteryl V consult us I IS. M. Batteries are Hold with a "writ- £ ten” absolute guarantee j for two years. Get our I # prices first. WE REPAIR (REBUILD RECHARGE All Make Batteries Free Testing pnd Fill ing twice a month. C. T. SNYDER Mgr. Battery Department H. T. Crocker w FORD AGENT Phone 363. HKI, AIR, MD. \ Jr Over 2<KM) satisfied cus- JJ tomers in two years. ; juiiniiinnritrniin^tnr^frnniiny t *g W Pmntyfvarda VACUUM CUP ▼ CORD TIRES " The SoundofSafety” goes along with your car wherever you travel telling you at all times that wet, slippery pave ments are as safe as dry ones with the mile-mak ing Vacuum Cup Tread on guard. Whatever the motorist needs, we have it, from Vacuum Cup Tires and "Ton Tested” Tubes to accessories, all at tbo lowest prices you can boy quality goods for —plus topnotch service. ALEX. V. WATTERS Jarrettsville, Md. E All men an not equal in mind, but t they can be in heart. Public Sale c Tha tmdsraitfiml Intending to move to the city wilt Mil at Puklla Auction, without re aanra at hit home at Abingdon, on Saturday, December 2, 1922 Beginning at 11 o'clock A. M.. tha Following PERSONAL PROPERTY, tu wit: ■ % s' 2 Oowa, 2 Heifers, Horse, t Pigs, 50 Chickens, I-hors* Wagon. Buggy. 2 seta Harnasa, 76 Barrala c( Corn, 800 Bundles of Fodder, 6 ton* I of Hay, lot of Potatoes. • HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE Two Wardrobes. 8 Bureaus, d Bedsteads, Sofa, Feather Bed, Glaae Cupboard, 8 Chunk Stoves. Kitchen Rang*. Dishes, Glass Ware and many . other Items too numerous to mention. , TERMS OP SALE i All aums of |lO and under cash, on sums i over that amount a credit of 8 months will be given, purchaser* giving their notes with ap proved security, bearing Internet from day of •ale and payable at the Second National Dank. MICHAEL RICKKTKR. Owner. ‘ O. O. Richardson A Bro.. Auctioneers. i i .... w . ■ . ■ ■ ■ ■ PUBLIC SALE Tbo undersigned Intending to quit farming will tell on the Edward Oolgaln Farm, situated on the Bel Air to Baltimore Slate Road at Oolgaln’s Corner, on Tuesday, December 5, 1922 At 1 o’clock P. M. sharp, ths Following PERSONAL PROPERTY, to will ® IVIB Fttrd Tourtnf Car. flood (rendition; on, Bm Box-. 7 non old. mlgkt .float ><W U-. hi tan • flooro old. wWaflt okoW IMO I bo. I Fair Uuloh >1 tom old, wot. him iloo Da., i Toons T B Tootod fomllr oowa l-hora, Omni flUrkoi Wuon. Hubbor Tiro Top BugST. Morflr HI fIH Blotto Driving Hor uoo. oat HUSO Haroooo, tat Load Honiaoo, 171 Toaoala Boxao. Brraooto Plow, two Doublo Worboro, Now Wag Oorn Flan Mr. with Fonl lltor nllaohmoiit, w-loolb oiilbo harrow, onrlns tooth Harrow, otool drian rotlor, it-tiorM farm woson, boy carriogo, hoy fork, ropo, bhwk,. doublo and .lotto Irooo, 40 bblo rorn, 10110 Inin dl-o foddor. alfnlfo and Timothy Hoy, 60 buah oio PoUtooo. • Horn Ooltoro. vorloua olroai many otktr ortlalot 100 numorou, to ironllon. TKRMH OP BALI All Bum* of 110 and undor rath, on luma ovar that mnoont n oradll of I month, -111 ha aloaa. parohuora giving lh.tr nolo, with ourltr la bo opnrovod by Ui, AuoUonoor. bo.r- Int Intoroot from dnr of aoW and iwyobla ol Bonk. J. ALBERT WHEKI.EH L W. Tbompoon. Aootlonoor. Public Sale OF 80 HEAD OF Daffy Cows and Heifers Having SuM my farm, the George E. Silver property known ns "SMverdale" situated n the road from Print ford Bridge to Trappo Church, I will sell on the said farm on • Saturday, December 2, 1922 At 10 o'clock sharp, 83 Held Holstein, Guernsey and Jersey Dairy Cows \ and Heifers see u s* Two year old lloletain Bull. This stork Is all T. 11. tested and have been nilled and sa laried, keeping only the good ones for the past foui years. This i* a herd worthy of the at tention of careful buyers, most of theee cows were recently fresh soma of them are now fresh with ralvae by their aides, and a few will freshen In a short time. Mis teen Heifers *n till'd iff freshen during the coming summer ami fall, the balance are yearlings from my heel rows Thirty Hhoats, weighing from 60 to 100 iMiiinds. 7 Brood Mow*, to farrow short ly : one Boar : one Mharpiea Separator, lot five and seven gallon Milk Can*. Bucket, strainers, el. TKRMH OF HALF. All sum* of $26 and under cash, on sum* over that smount a credit of eight month* will he given, purchasers giving their notes with security If, he approved by the Aucloneer. hesi ing Interest from day of sal* and payable at Ha-<md National Hank, Bel Air. T M FENDER Owner I W Thompson, Auctioneer. Public Sale The undersigned having null farming will sell, without teserv# on the farm where he now I iaside* tihoui 2 mile* from Mel Air on the rond leading from Bel Air to Kinmorlon, on Thursday, December 7, 1922 Beginning at lo o'clock. A. M. sharp, the Following PERMONAL PROPERTY, l wit i m*. ti. *£ Pali ILfv Mates, S and 0 years old, will Wftrk in all ha. (teas; pair Mules, 15 years old. good workeis in all harness, one a good single lln* leader ; pair Bay Mare Coll*, eoming 2 years Old, Anne Farm Wagon. 1 '4 !"■ capacity. Iron axle. Milwaukee Mower In perfect, order; Os borne llsv Hake, good as new; Brown Riding Double Worker, In exeallant shape, Brown Walking Double Worker, good as new; Mhau h#i Corn Cutler, bast on the market ; Potato IMgget. ’ No. 40 Right Hand Oliver Chilled plows, new Plow Beam. 2 Mprlnglooth Har rrtws, Top Buggy. 2 seta Heavy Breechband Marnces. I sets |*esd Harness. #t Milk Wagon Harnes. -et Buggy Harness, pair extra Heavy tlouble |,t neS. Collar a and Bridles, 5 leetnsr head Maltei * and Chain*. Bull Chain*, log Chain, lot % Mushel Tomato Baskets, 7 6-gallon and 4 7-gallon Milk Cans. 2 Buckets and Htralnar, Hay b y tha ton Fodder by the Bundle, and many other article* 100 numerous to mention HOI MKIIOLD AND MITCHF.N FURNITURE Ms>lds Top Walnut Bedtuom Kuit, lb pla ce* : Oak Bedroom Hull 9 places Iron Cot. Par lor Hun. I Places, Hair Cloth upholstering; Morri* hair. Ixiung*. Kltcher, Table, • Kit chen Chair* Mideboard. Improved New Balti more Range* Wisard Chunk Htova. with drum Oven . burner Puritan OH Hlove with oven ; H Wash Tubs, 2 Benches. TKRMH OF HALE All autos of 110 and under rash, on sums over that amount a credit of 5 months will be given, purchaser* giving their nates with se curity approved by the Auctioneer, bearing in terest fiom day of sale and payable at Hecond National Hank of Bel Air. W. CARL EPPEHH, Owner. C. C Richardson A Bro., Auctioneers. Trustees’ Sale Hy virtu# of a decree of the Circuit Court for Hatford County, sitting as a Court of Equi ty. the undersigned trustee will offer al Public Auction at tha Courthouse dooor in Mel Air, Maryland on Monday, December 18, 1922 At 12 o'clock M-, all that LOT OR PARCEL OF LAND situate near Robinsons Mill, about two miles from Dublin in the Fifth Election Diet ret of Harford County, Maryland, containing 9 ACRES, 3 ROODS, IP. PERCHES more or less, being the same and all the lend described In a deed from W Worthington Hopkins and D. Paul McNabb, to .'rsderkk Robinson, dated June 6th, IBIV find rerouted urn-in .; ll.s La ml Records of Harford County in Liber J. A. R. No. I 4 folio 158. 11* lit provemenU consist of COMFORTABLE DWELL ING MOUSE, STABLE AND flsjlßS OUTBUILDINOH. MB TKRMH OF HALF. The terma of set* are? One-thlrd of the purchase money to b* paid in cash on day of •ala or on the ratification thereof, in the dls- I r ret lon of tha undersigned; onsthiH In *l* I months and the residue In twelve months, or all I cash at tha option of the purchaeer. The credit • payments to bear interest from the day of sale i and to be secured by the notea or bonds of the purchaser with surety to be approved by the undersigned. W, WORTHINGTON HOPKINH. Trustee. C. C. Richardson A Bro., Auctioneers la hereby given to the creditors of Frederick Robinson, deceased, to flic their claims duly proven, with the Clerk of the Circuit Court for Harford County, on or be . for# the lac day of February. 1828. W. WORTHINGTON HOPKINH, Trustee. THIRD PRIZE ESSAY A most mt*resting account of his judging experience is given below by - Hubert L. Snodgrass. We trust every boy in Club work will read thia com > plete account of Mr. Snodgrass’ ex • perience; perseverance and grit won him reward In his third year of work. Head the story boys, and resolve to be , a winner yourself this year. Observation Aa A Cattle Judge \ U was late in July when I decided ii tv) take up cattle judging for my third " year. Having been a substitute for two years 1 was doterminotl to make tho team this year. When the names , of the team were announced, I was one • of them. ’ While working over the various herds in the county, our conch, Mr. B. B. Derrick, my two teammates, Rlch • ard Wills and Kendall Cunhing and • myself were invited to go up into Penn* t sylvaniu to see some fine species of the Ayrshire breed. When we hud vis ited several dairy farms in this state, we came to “Pwihurst Dairy Farm', the most ideal dairy bam in all of our travels. Wbie judging in Pennsylvania. t we were instructed by tho following l men: Mr. Louis Merry man, owner of 1 Gerar Dairy Farm; Mr. Dunks, mana ger of Winithcr Farms owned by Du ’ ponts; Dr. Dubblor. manager of Pen hum! Dairy farms; Mr. John Vochrane, manager of Barclay Farms; and Dr. Devoe Meade, Professor of Animal Husbandry of University of Maryland. After very excessive training for a week, we vent to our elute fair and Judged against seven other counties. 1 Harford team placed first as a team and first, second and third Individually. By doing this, we each receive! a hull | calf. In addition to this, I won first ! in Jerseys which gave me twenty dol lars In money. After wc had won at our .Slate Fair, through the efforts of Mr. Louis Mfirymnn and P. W. Chichester, these two men raised enough money from the dairy cuttle breeders vf the .State of Maryland to send us to the National Dairy .Show to be held the second week in October at St. Paul, Minnesota. Mr. Morryman not only made it pos sible for us to go to St. Paul but helped to train us before and after the State Fair and entertained us several times in bis hospitable home. October 4, 1922, accompanied hy our county agent, Mr. B. B. Derrick and my two teammates Richard Wills and Ken dall Cushing, wo left Baltimore at twelve eighteen for St. Paul, Minneso ta. We rode through Weatern Mary land and Pennsylvania, all afternoon and evening, arriving at Pittsburg nt 0.50 P. M. When we awoke the next morning, we were travelling through Ourrctt, Indiana. As we drew nearer Chicago, we saw Lake Michigan. A little later we passed the Great International Har vester Company where most all of our farm machinery is munnfarturgfi. We also passed the great steel foundries. We were soon at the Grand Central Station at Chicago, here we took the bus for Union Station and then the train for St. Paul. We rode through the State of Illinois looking at the beautiful landscape of the Middle West. At noon, wo came Into the sandier country. There great cliffs of stand rock stood hundreds of feet in the air. ippi River ut I* Cross. We arrived in Ht. Paul at twelve o'clock that night and went to the Ryan Hotel. Friday morning, we were Invited to Mr. Ten nu’s farm who had the Grand Chump ion Guernsey Cow awl Bull at the Na tional Show last year. We did our practice judging on his hard. The next morning we were up at 6,.'J0 A. M. ready to judge. We enter ed the ring at 7 A. M. where we re ceived our inatructions. At 10 A. M. thi COWS were brought into the ring and the contest with thirteen other 1 states was started. Wo Judged until 3 P. M. Monday morning we visited one of the largest milk plants in Minneapo lis, also one of the largest markets of 1 Ihe west. A banquet was to he given at fl I*. M. at the state college in hon or of the Judging teams. After the 1 banquet* Mr. Henson who wa.i to iin- 1 nounee the winners of the judging coo < test, arose and said, "They have given me the most unpleasant duty of the evening,” After making his address, i Ihe asked. “Can you slug Mary i land, My Maryland"? (This meant that .Maryland had won first). The wholr audience began to sing and cheer i for Maryland. We were called Up td the front of the room and presented i with our gold medals. After that Uie individual priz.es . were awarded, at which time I found that I hu<l placed above all others in the Ayrshire breed which gave me a second gold medal. The next day we were admitted Into the Inside ring where the expert Judg es and guests were to see the Jerseys Judged. After saying good-bye to a host of new friends, we left .St Paul for Chicago arriving there at 8.50 A. M. While there, we visited the Union .Stock Yards seeing all kinds of hogs, cattle and sheep. We also wont thru i one of the largest and most widely known packing houses in the world, .Swift A Company. We saw the ani mal from the time they were unloaded from the farmer until they wen* pack* ed In boxes and shipped to the stores. After leaving Chicago, we rode thru level country all afternoon. When we awoke the next morning, we found our. wives hack In the good old State of Maryland. At Washington, the .State College Photographer met us and took our pictures. At H P. M. we arrived at the Great Haiford County Fair at Bel Air* where ’ we were most cordially welcomed. My trip was not only a sight seeing trip but a very educational one. It taught us the different ways and meth ods of the people and their ways of working. We also learned the beauty of nature from a geographical stand point. Judging also helps one to be very keen In observation. You have to be able to see the minor defects of a cow as well as the larger ones at u glance. 1 would say every boy and girl that ! has a chanco to do something in Club work and does not, is missing "a gold en opportunity." Since I have started l to judge cattle. I have been through fifteen states. We have visited the , most prominent pure-bred herds jn the r State of Maryland, Eastern Pennsyl vania and Delaware, I shall never forget the associations and friendships I have formed among my teammates, I I wish to thank all the dairymen of 1 Harford County who have assisted us i in any wav in becoming trained as dal • 17 cattle judges. We also owe our greatest thanks fo our most competent ami patient coach, Mr. B. B. Derrick We want to con gratulate Mr. Derrick and his Assis tant Mr, Stuntz for the fine work they f are doing. f I also want to thank the publishers of The ACgin paper for taking so much , Interest In our club work as to let the it , people know more about what we are e doing through publishing articles con ' cerning its work In their paper. • Ht. HFRT I-. HNODOHAHS. VAHT CROWD EXPRCTRD AT r, ARMY—MAKINK GAME >• A footfall famo, unique in the n -• n*l, of prpwnt day eommflrcluliifld aport, will be playfld When the U. 8. Marine team maetn the Third Army Corps Area team in Baltimore, Decem ber 2nd. The game will be unique be couho twelve thousand tickets, the en tire number In the Marine stands, will le given to Marines and their guests absolutely without charge, as an exem plification of the sort of amateur sport for which the Marine Corps stands. The decision of the Marine Corps to give away its entire allotment of tick ets was reached at a conference be tween Major General John A. Lejeunc Commandant of the Corps ami Briga dier-General Smedley D. Butler, com manding general of the Marino Post ut Quantico. Both these officers are firm believers in amateur sports ac cording to its strictest definition and they decided, in accordance with Ma rine Corps traditions and the highest ideals of amateur sport, that the big Marine team should pay its own way through the season. According ly expenses have l>een reduced almost to nothing and those Incurred have been met by Marine officers and men at Quantico. There have been no gate receipts am) no huge financial budget. At first observers doubted the possi bility of maintaining u team of first class college caliber without huge re ceipts and expenditures, but with the success of the Marine exueriment those have leen most enthusiastic in their praise of the spirit which made the success possible. In accordance with this policy the unexampled step of giving away all tickets allotted to the Marine Corps was determined upon. Even the expense of transporting the Quantico team to Baltimore will he paid by the officers and men them selves. All those who accept Marine Corps invitations to tin? game will he the guosts of the Marine Corps, from the President of the United State to the friends of the lowest-ranking Ma rine. Not a Marine ticket will he sold and not u cent of revenue will accrue. All costs will be borne by the officers and men of the Marine Corps, entire ly without cost to the Government. The game this year is the third of tho annual championship contests played by the Marine team of this post against representative teams of the Army and Navy and is rapidly coming to be I'ecognized us one of the classic social and athletic events of the season. It is the ambition of General Butler to gain for the contests national rec ognition similar to that accorded the Army and Navy football game. By Its exploits in defeating the George town University team and the Navy team of the New London Submarine Base with several former Naval Acad, emy stars, the big Marino team has proved itself one of the strongest elev ens In the United States, while the Army team, with such stars as French and Oliphant of West Point, is said to he equally strong. Invitations to the game have been sent to the President of the United States, the Vice-President, members of the Diplomatic Corps, members of the Cabinet, thn Justices of the Supremo Court members of the Senate and House of Representatives and ranking officers and deparment heads of the Ahny and Navy and Indications are that one of the most brilliant audien ces of the season will attend. The governors of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia will occupy boxes and the mayors of Baltimore and Philadel phia and the District Commissioners of Washington will also attend. The city authorities of Baltimore plan to make the occasion memorable by a series of hoclm) events and enter tainments to the city's distinguished guests. An elaborate luncheon, to which all visiting dignitaries and offi cers of the Army, Navy and Marine Corps have bun invited, will l>* given by Mayor Broening byway of official welcome from tho city. In the even ing dance will be given by promin ent residents of Baltimore and by the officers of the Third Army Corps Area to the guests at the game. The Marines from Quantico, four thousand strong, will come to Balti more in a body for the occasion, head ed by General Butler. Four special trains, chartered by the men of Quan tiro, will carry the men to Union Sta tion, Baltimore. There they will leave the train and will parade through the city in a body, headed hy their hand, one hundred strong, and their drum and bugle corps of about the same number. The Marines will bring with them a number of mascots, including "Teufelhund", a thoroughbred bulldog the official mascot of the Quantico team. Reside the Quantico Murines, strong detachments will come to the game from other Murine Corps posts, Murines from New York and Phila delphia, five hundred strong, will ar rive by a special train and detach ments from Norfolk and Annapolis will arrive on specially chartered steamers. Detachments from Marine Corps Headquarters and from tho Mu rlnfl Barracks and Navy Yard in Wash ington will Join the Quantico Marines ut Union Station, Washington. In all it is expected that more than five thousand Marines will be present. The Marines will stage an official review for the authorities of the City of Baltimore and State of Maryland, after which they will march to the field and take their place In the cheering section. Last year the cheering of the Marines formed a feature which made a tremendous impression In Baltimore. This year the Marines announce that they have an even more varied and lm pressive program. Officials of the Third Army Corps Area also plan a parade by Army troops in honor of the occasion and ex|ect to have a con siderable cheering section. BETTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS The effort now being made to pro vide children in rural districts with ed ucational opportunities equal to those for city (hitdren lx taking the slogan "Equal educational opportunities for all children" seriously. This is a prom ise of better thirfgs since there are many inequalities that need removing besides those between city and coun try children. One of the greatest of these seems inherent in the organiza tion of a school system to a greater or less degree. 'Che inequality in question is that which exists between the high school and the elementary school. It Is us imlly the high school that citizens have in mind when they speak of education al advantages which their city affords. It is the high school that is generally pointed out to visitors. As proof of its excellence, their attention is caljcd to its fine auditorium, its laboratories and workshops, and its gymnasium supplemented by a well-equipped ath letic held. Incidentally the fact may le mentioned that all the rnembeis of the teaching staff ure college trained. Do not the children of elementary school age need the opportunity for physical development which gymnas iums and playgrounds offer as much as those of high-school age? BecaiM* ha bits and attitudes are formed early do they not also need the opportunity for directed observation which a lab oratory offers? Do they not need the opportunity which a workshop gives for experiment and instruction with material ail the more because of their exuberant activity? But how many elementary schools are there that have facilities for physical exercise, experi mentation, and construction ? If the 6,041,1(14) children enrolled in the elementary schools of the cities of the United States are to have educa tional opportunities equal to those which the 022,331 enrolled in the high schools for that year, material im- I DEDICATED TOTHS BEST INTERESTS ■f MI Qotjtv, Etate ■< Masha; VOL. LXVU-NO. 48 provement in the elementary schools -of the country will be neceasary. More adequate equipment, more effective or. I ganiration ami better teachers mean > larger educational expenditures. There are many cities in which the Improve i meats indicated are already under way. Tho organisation of junior high schools > new elementary schoool buildings that make provision for children’s activi ties and an increasing number of kln ' dorgartens furnish evidence of a new attitude toward elementary’education. The question "Shall we save money or save chldren?" is already being on- I swered In many cities. The elemen j l ?0' school has bn characterlied us I thn greatest Instrument of democracy the world has ever known. To the ex tent thet tho people recognise this : lilßh purpose will they oooperete to make it function effectively. NKEI) OK koodecontrol laws EMPHASIZED BY DEPARTMENT To emphasise the need of food-con trol laws, the U. S. Department of Ag riculture calls attention to tho gnat growth of food preparation in factor ies. Not many decades ago much of tho food consumed was prepared In tha htmo or obtained in the immediate neighborhood, and since the consumer know about the conditions of its pre paration there was little need for food laws. To-day much of the food Is produced and prepared a long way from those who consume It, and as a consequence some sort of Government control is necessary. The great volume of commerce in foods Is indicated In tha last census report, for 1919, whloh shows that tha food-manufaoturtng industry as a whole is more than four times larger In value than the next largest manu facturing Industry, which is iron and steel. Moat packing alone represents a greater value. The total valua of manufactured fuod products for 1919 wun fi11,1191,914,000. while automobiles produced in the same year were valued at $2,!)87.88;i,0(K), iioota and shoes at 11,140,6600,00, clothing at $2,848,199,- 000 and foundry and machine shop pro ducts at $2,821,100,000. Among the food products that make up the grand total, llour-mill products stand next to packing-house preducts, the ftgurs for tho year being $2,198, 007.0(8), as compared with $8,996,977,- 000. Ilakery products amounted to nearly $1,600,000,000 and sugar al most to $1,000,000,000. WORK AGAINST HOG CHOLERA EXTENDED TO OTHER STATES The 11. H. Department of Agriculture this year extended its cooperative hog cholera control work to .South Dakota. Washington, New Mexico and West Virginia, making a total of 84 States In which work is being done In cooper ation wth .State authurites. Coopera tion among tho different agencies Is now at Its best, and is therefore more effective then ever. Thn object of the work with the var ious States Is to prevent ami control outbreaks of hog cholera, and to pre vent the spread of the Infection and to reduee losses. During tho year, hog cholera has been kept well under control, but spec ial care must be taken In October, No vember and December, when usually 1 here Is an Increase in Its prevalence. Farmers will save mure hogs and pre vent disastrous losses If they do not delay reporting Immediately to the Stale veterinarian, the county agrl eulural agent, the representalvs of the llureau of Animal Industry, or local veterinary practitioner any suspicious cases of sickness among their hogs. Anti-hog cholera serum Is not e cure, hut a preventive treatment, end should lie applied as soon as passible when the disease appears In the herd or in the neighborhood. The preventive treat ment Is a good Insurance against los ses from hog cholera. SOU, CONDITIONS INFLUENCE NIGHT AIR TEMPERATURES A relation has been shown to exist between the temperature of the soli and the ensuing minimum temperature of the air Immediately above, seys the Weather llureau of the 11, 8. Depart ment of Agriculture. Low night-air temperatures In gar den and truck faniM may often lm prevented hy tho selection of soil In which there Is a sandy component, as sand anil sandy loams generally store up more heat during the day than do must other soils and give off more in the idghttlmo hy conduction to the air iilnive, thus diminishing the probability of critical temperatures and the forma lin of damaging frosts. The lend In use should he well drained of surplus moisture, as wst soils are Invariably cuhl soils and more susceptible to frost damage. Frost may form on one elds of a street and not on tho other, or In one section of a level farm and not In an other, for ono or more of several rea sons, such us difference In soils, slight difference In elevation, In moisture, or in kind and extent of surface covering or the nmnunl of Insolation received. Frost may u|iepar in sections which have wet. cold soils covered with heavy vegetation or uncultivated, while on the same night and under the same meteorological conditions It does not form on other ground close by where the soil Is relatively dry, warm, and eleaii. URGE AMPLE SUPPLY OF PURE MILK FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN Now that milk Is served in many public schools throughout the country, the U, S. Department of Agriculture suggests that inspectors should moke frequent visits to the schools to see that the milk Is of good quality when delivered und that It Is handled and served to the children In a sanitary manner. Inspectors In those cities where milk Is not served In the schools are urged to advocate the adoption of the plan. One of the duties of the inspector Is to see to It that the milk does not stand for sometime before being used. A good plan Is to have it delivered Just at lunch time, r If this is not conven ient, to see that there are facilities for Icing und storing It. Hy taking sam ples at frequent Intervals a close check can he kept on the methods of hand ling. Milk for use at schools should al ways ho put up In bottles to reduce the chances of contamination. Before the bottles me opened the tops should lie thoroughly washed. Because glasses and cups may not be kept clean, It is best for the milk to be itrunk directly from the bottle. The use of sipping straws Is very satisfactory. Home dai ries use special protective cups on hot. ties of milk sent to schools. Production of citrus fruits in Flori da for the season of 1922-28 Is estimat ed hy the U. H. Department of Agricul ture at 16,0(81,000 boxes. Of this to tal about 8,400,000 boxes will be oran ges and tangerines and about 6,600,000 boxes grapefruit. Production of potatoes this year In 16 countries Is estimated to be 676.- (881,(88) bushels more then lest year and 40,(8)0,188) more than the average i production for the live years 1909-1918 I according to figures compiled by the - U, 8. Department of Agriculture. The i total acreage of potatoes in 1922 for r the 24 countries for which estimates an available was 20,291,000 acres.