Newspaper Page Text
Civilian <fc Telegraph
CUMBERLAND, MP. """
Our Count ry' HIIVCUM
Khnll bo Our Country** I tiller*.
WILL H LOWDEfiMILK, Editor
THURSDAY, AUGUST 10,' 1866.
The Atlantic Telegraph. *
The world is at prcsscnt interested in this
grand undertaking, and the arrival of the
Great Eastern at Heart's Content with the
Western terminus of the cable in good work
ing order would send a thrill of joy throughout
the Universe. Its failure would be a sad dis
appointment, as the public have been led to
believe that the defects which existed in the
old cable have been avoided in this one, and
that its successful operation lias been fully
demonstrated by repeated experiments.
The shore end of the cable was landed on
the morning of the 22d of July, at Vaientia,
Ireland, and connections were made with the
instrument at 12-45 P. M., in the presence
of a large concourse of people. At 11A o'-
clock in the evening the heavy shore cable,
twenty-seven miles in length, had been laid by
the Carolina. On the 23d the splieo was
jnnde with the main cable on board the Great
Eastern, and at half past four in the afternoon
she commenced paying out, 11. M. S. Terri
ble and Spliynx accompanying. On the 24th
a message was received from the Great East
ern, announcing some defects of insulation,
which was supposed to he the result of the
Great Eastern having pulled on her end of the
cubic with too much strain before the splice
was properly completed. The eable was then
ltnderrun and repaired and the paying out
commenced again. The latest intelligence
from tho Great Eastern is up to 10 o'clock or,
the morning of the 28th when she was 450
miles out from Vaientia and hail payed out
500 miles of the cable. The signals were
good and the weather very fine.
It was calculated that teu days would be
ample time to complete the work of lay ing the
cable, but alrendy eighteen days have passed
and we hare as yet heard no tidings of the
Great Eastern. A few days more will doubt
less decide the question, and we will cither
ho in daily communication witli the Old
World, or the Atlantic telegraph will bo left
to the genius and energy of > future genera
tH' Quite a number of prominent Journals
arc finding a grent deal of fault with tho ac
tion of General TKIIIIV, in nullifying tho
Richmond elections. 1 'nfortuuately they lose
sight of the reasons assigned by GEN. TKIIIIV
for bis action. It was not that the successful
candidates had been Rebel soldiers, or that
they wore disloyal (though either is reason
sufficient) but because "the issue was dis
tinctly made and openly avowed, at said elec
tion, as between those men who bad aided
and abetted in the war against the United
States authority, and those who had, with
their lives, defended the flag of our country,
The successful candidates had taken the
required oaths, aud legally purged themselves
of treason. But how could any one reasona
bly expect that men who had cursed the
Union a life-time, who had fought against our
government during the four years of the re
bellion, aud who liato the very principles of
freedom, could at once change their natures,
and become loyal? As well might a leopard
try to change his spots. These men are no
more loyal to-day than when engaged in shoot
ing, hanging, uud starving Uuioa men, and
they only wait opportunity to prove the truth
of this assertion. The cause which they lost
ou the battle-field was brought forward for en
dorsement at the ballot-box. While they con
formed to the laws of the country just far
enough to avoid disqualifying themselves, the
candidates, and those who voted for them,
used the bullot as the test of tho hatred and
detestatiuu they bore the government, and
their upproval of the armed treason it had
overthrown. Gen. TERRY'S action was well
timed, and must bo fullv endorsed by every
one who wishes to have the welfare and safe
ty of his country secured.
4Cv?"A dispatch from St. Paul, Miuncsota,
Hated July 29, states that reports from all
parts of the Stute show that the crops arc
much better than usual. There has been
plcuty of rain, but not enough to damage the
crops. Farmers are now cuttiug their whoat.
The yield will be larger than it has been for
jtST In tho produce market, in New Y'ork,
during tho week, pork advanced $3 a $4, and
at tho close mess sold at S3O. Beef had an up
ward tendency. It is stated that about all the
pork iu market was controlled by two parties,
and that they netted from $200,000 to $300,-
000 each by tho week's operations.
ZeTA correspondent of tho Dunkirk Jour
nal says that tbo celebrated Indian warrior
••Bloody Hand," of the Seneca nation of In
dians, died on the Cattaraugus Reservation
on the 10th ult., nearly 100 years old. Ho
is represented to have been terriblo with the
tomahawk and scalping-knife.
man by tho name of POLLER, from
Indiana, has been arrested in Washington
for representing himself as an agent of the
Republican Executive Committee, and col
lecting about $44,000 from various office
Zy Hundreds ef former residents of Wash
ington. wbo left for the Sooth on the breaking
out of the rebellion, contiouo to returu thith
er. But very few of them have succeeded in
JAV COOKH —This geutlcmun Ims demun
stra'.ud to tlie world his great ability as a fi
nancier, and lias certainly been remarkably
successful in bis negotiations of public secu
rities. Ho is possessed of a vast amount of
uative shrewdness, far-sightedness and ener
gy. These qualifications brought hint prorn
ncntly before the Secretary of the Treasury
in the early history of our national loans,
and when it was a difficult matter for the Gov
ernment to procure a sufficient amount of mo
ney to curtain itself. Mr. COOKE was then ap
pointed (icneral Subscription agent, and im
, mediately applied all his energies to the suc
cess of.the work entrusted tohiin. lie spent
largo sums in advertising, iu the distribution
of circulars, handbills, &c , the employment
of travellers, and in establishing sub-agencies
throughout the United States. It haß always
■ been bis policy to bave our loans taken at
borne, that our own people should have the
i vantage of the interest, and lie lias at no
time solicited subscriptions from abroad. Tlie
most perfect success crowned Mr. COOKE'S
efforts. Utidnr Lis agency, dating about
February 1, 18C3, nnd ending January 22,
1804, the 5.20 loan was sold up to §514,780.-
The sale of the 10.40 and 7.30 loans thro'
the Xatioual Hank agency was so siuuli that
the agency was again given to
and in thirty days he sold morWßiau the
banks did in eight months. The sales of
Government loans under his management
have been about us follows:
5-20 Bonds §514,000,000
7-30 Notes 760,000,000
To say nothing of his earlier undertakings,
or the large amount of bonds taken bv iiis
firm at the lettings of the highest bidder.—
Mr. COOKE is deserving of much praise—and
it is given hiin.
£4rMnj. General Hancock has just issued
orders requiring nil paroled prisoners of the
late rebel armies, who have not been pardon
ed, upon arriving in the limits of this mili
tary department to immediately report their
presence and residence to the nearest Provost
Marshal. If non-residents, and not allowed
by their paroles to enter this department, they
ennnot remain here without the permission of
General Hancock, or some higher power hav
ing authority in the premises. Commanding
officers of districts may grant pe mission to
persons under parole to visits points within
their respective districts, nnd permission to go
from one district to another must have tlie
sanction of the officers iu command of both,
but no person will be permitted to visit Balti
more without authority from Gen. Hancock's
headquarters in that city. Any evasion of
this order is to ho immediately reported to
I'rovost Marshal General Wool ley.
Jt-?rThc steamer "Glasgow" left New York
for Liverpool, oil the 30 th ult. At one o'clock
on the afternoon of the 31st, a fire was dis
covered in the forc-pnrt of the vessel. All
efTorts to extinguish the (lames were unavail
ing. There were on hoard at the time two
hundred and fifty persons, including the sea
men. Fortunately, the bark "Rosamond,"
of New York, came to the rescue, aud all the
passengers and crew were tnk.n aboard of
her and well cared for. Capt. MAXXIKU, of
the "Glasgow," was the last to leave the
burning ship, and to his coolness, courage,
aud presence of mind may be attributed the
abscnco of any loss of life.
Now York Evening Post of Tues
day contaius a report of an alleged private
meeting of tho friends of Jeff. Davis belt! in
New York on Monday, to deviso means for
the defense of the arch traitor. Speeches
suited to the political atmosphere of Rich
mond at the period of the greatest inflation of
the confederacy arc said to have been made,
and assurances given of tho .entire devotion
of the future Alabuina delegation to Congress
to the cause of Southern Independence. A
committee to provide funds was named, und
consisted of Mayor Gunther, Carlos Butter
field, Clancy, and others. The Mayor was
not present, but is said to have given assu
rances of hearty co-operation.
I appoiutment of Col. WEDSTEK to
tho Collectorship of Baltimore, vacates his
seat in the House of Representatives; amongst
those spoken of in connection with tho suc
cession on the Union ticket, we notice our
talented friend, Jonx L. THOMAS, JR., for
merly of this city.
/tjrThe Baltimore American says that
Col. HOLLAND, of Baltimoro, who was de
feated by BENJAMIN S. HARRIS, in tho I-'ifth
District, will claim that gentleman's sent in
Congress, should he be ousted at the ensuing
session. Mr. HOLLAND claims that Harris is
incligihlo because of disloyal practices.
JCSTJEFF. DAVIS' friends are holding meet
ings to take measures for making hiin comfor
table, and for securing the ablest counsel.—
They had better make arrangements for his
burial anu furnish him with religious conso
IST On Thursday last Ettick's Cotton fac
tory at Petersburg, Va., was destroyed by
fire. Loss $200,000. j uslire j f or $50,000.
Three hundred hands were thrown out of
Mobile and Ohio Railroad is now
in running order froui Columbus, Ky., to
Trenton, beiug about half tbo length of the
WW ERTZ, tho Andcrsonville jailor, stands
almost as good a chance as docs JEFV. DAVIS
to wear a cheap government cravat.
friends of J. DAVIS, are much
concerned in regard to tho life he is now lead
ing. They will soon have cause to be con
cerned iu regard to his death.
£3TOn Friday last tho detectives in Balti
more made a "raid" on severnl gambling in
stitutions and succeeded in caging the "tiger"
and his keepers.
IfWc are glad to learn ttatGor. Bfough
js improving H> health. ,
j The returns from all the elections, are ra
ther meager. In Virginia the llebcl ele
| nient is in the ascendant. In Matthews coun
ty the IJuiou ticket was defeated, and the same
result is anticipated in the majority of the
The indications are, so far. that Gen. Ttous
sr.*u has been elected to Congress from the
Louisville District He was opposed by llois-
EUT MALLOKY and Col. MAIIC. MUNDAV.—
All the Administration candidates for the j
State Legislature from the city of Louisville '
have been elected. At the last electiou the (
city was strongly anti-administration.
The Constitutional amendment is the issue, I
and tiie returns indicate a close contest, yet
we think and hope the amendment candidates
will be successful.
Tennessee returns are coming in slowly.—
In the Seventh (Knoxvillc) district MAYNARD
is probably elected. In the First district the
returns indicate the electiou of Col. TAYLOR,
Union. In the Fourth district, COOPER,
Union, is elected. In the Nashville district,
CAMPBELL, opposition is probably elected. In
the Sixth district, THOMAS, opposition,is doubt
Tragody in Bedford
On Tuesday of last week, a fatal affray oc
curred in Bedford. Pennsylvania, result'ng
in the death of .TACOU CHOUSE, an ex-deputy
Provost Marshal. It appears til t one JOHN
P. BEID, Jr., a bitter llebel, hail some time
since assaulted Mr. CROUSK, and in common
with his traitor friends, took advantage of
every opportunity to insult him, at one time
beating and bruising him terribly. On the .
day of the murder, they met on the street, j
and after some words had passed between
them, BEID drew a pistol, when CROUSK caught
up a stone and threw it striking BEID on the
the hip. BEID immediately fired, the ball
entering GROUSE'S left shoulder, passing down
through the lung and producing instant death
The murderer, and his brother, an accomplice,
have been arrested and are in jail.
The railroads now constructed and
running in Texas are the following: Houston
and Texas Central, fron Houston to Miliean,
eighty tuiies ; Washington county road, from
Hampstcud to Brenham, thirty miles ; a road
from liarrisburg to Allcytown, eighty miles ;
a road from Houston to Columbia, forty-five
miles; a road from Galveston to Houston, fifty
utiles, and from Houston to Beaumont, sixty
miles. There is also a railroad in running or
der from Shrcvcport, La,, to Marshall. A
ro.ad is now being built from Ittdianola to Vic
toria. In 1860 the San Antonio and Mexican
Gulf road was completed between Fort Lava
ca and Victoria, but, during tho war, Gen
eral Magruder caused its complete destruc
£ITAII the accounts from the Plains are
to the effect that before the coming winter we
shall have ou band the greatest Indian war we
have ever fought. Since the massacre of the
Cheycnncs by Colonel Chivington, the Indians
have been breaking out into constant hostili
ties, and not a day lias passed for six weeks
that the overland telegraph wires have not
been cut systematically at points usually ten
or fifteen miles apart. This is a new feature,
and indicates a general concert of action on
the part of the Indian tribes.
jffrTlic Lynchburg (Va.) Republican
publishes the following extract from a letter
from Montgomery County, in that State, rel
ative to the crop*. "We have seen gentle
men front Botetourt aud Roanoke, who report
'prospects for the present crop of eom, oats,
hay, potatoes, aud the like, have a very pro
mising appearnncc. In fact, the corn crop,
never was known to look better, and there
scents to be more of it planted tliau ever be
JC-fTThe Philadelphia Inquirer has another
report about the health of JEFF. DAVIS
Jeff, is doing first-rate. "His physical con
dition has visibly improved since his incarce
ration." He walks 011 the ramparts of the
fort between 4 and 5 o'clock in the morning,
accompanied by Major General MILES and the
officer of the day.
£4T Ncw Jersey is one of the very few
States in tho Union that denied to their sol
diers in the field the right to vote. Tho New
Jersey soldiers have now returned to vote at
home, and the Constitutional Amendment will
bo adopted without difficulty.
movement is 011 foot—originating
in Atlanta, Ga., for a convention of the
Southern press, to endeavor to obviate or
ameliorate "the great difficulties with which
the press of the South has to contend."
ZyTlio condition of George N. Sanders
?s said to be ghastly, lie has gone into the
category of Cornell Jewett; tho journals re
fuse his cards; he is without a friend in the
Z-i?'Tbc Tredegar Iron-Works at Richmond
have been leased by tho United States to the
owners, Joseph R. Anderson aud his partners,
who have commenced business again as iron
manufacturers, these works being held by
Government agentr as confiscated property.
GEN. GRANT is traveling in Canada and is
everywhere met with ovatious. The Canadians
appreciate his worth, and lov c to honor the
chieftain who has so many claims upon tho
t-d 'London, with a population of two and
a half millions, is admirably governed for
about §1:2,000,000 a year. Paris, with a
population of a million and a half, is kept in
pcrfcet order for about §10,000,000 per
annum. But New York, which has a popu
lation of only eight hundred thousand, pays
about §17,000,000 a year.
is said that an English chemist,
named Gale, has discovered a method of mak
ing gunpowder non-explosive. The process
is said to be situplo and effective, tbo cost
trifling, and the powder is not injured. In
fiva minutes a barrel of powder can bo made
non-explosive, and in the sarno time it* ex
plosive qualities can he restored.
t-tf' We publish on the first page of to-day's
issue the proceedings of ilie Slate C'onveution
of Registers. This cniiuty was fully repre
sented, and we know that every loyal man in
the comity will heartily endorse the resolu
tions there adopted. Tbey are a reflection of
the spirit of the law, and as such should ho
We also publish here a letter from Da. 0.
11. Olllt, State Senator for this county, to the
Baltimore Amerienn , in which is clearly sta
ted the true intention of the law. No better
authority can be had on this important qtics- j
tion, as Dr. Oltlt was one of the principal !
frainers of the bill, and thoroughly under- !
stands the objects iutcuded to be affected by
Messrs. Editors Ba'timorc American :
My attention having been called to the let
ter of Ilis Excellency Governor Bradford on
the registry law, and the construction placed
on that by some of the Officers of Registra
tion being such as to destroy one of the lead
ing objects of the law. I desire to occupy a
portion of your space for the purpose of giv
ing an official view, based on positive know
ledge as to the meaning and intention of the
law. I propose briefly to advert to the foun
dation of the law in the first place, then as
to what was to be accomplished, more espe
cially in the slh section of the act.
The find section of the Ist article of the I
Constitution provides that "The General As- j
sctnbly shall provide by law for a uniform
registration of the names of voters in this
State, which registration shall he evidence of
! the qualification of said voters to vote at anv
I election thereafter held," etc., "after which 1
no person shall vote unless his name appears I
on the register." The 3rd, 4th and nth sec- I
tious of the Ist article proceeds to give the
causes of disqualification, the 4th section of
which goes with great minuteness into the '
details of one disqualifying cause, coiniucii- :
eing, "So person who has at any time." set- j
ting forth n variety of things and concluding, 1
" shall car he entitled to ink," etc. Now in j
framing that law 1 did, and yet do, take it '
for granted that the convention which framed 1
and the people who adopted that Constitution, I
considered that a matter of great importance, '
and that it should be perpetuated.
The construction placed by some Officers of
Registration, and perhaps most of persons
a lio have reau the Governor's letter in regard ,
to lite 6lh section of the act is that the Officers !
of Registration arc not to take notice of uny '
names except of such persons as shall appear
before tlieni "claiming the right of Elective ',
franchise." Jdo N"t conceive that bis Kxeol- j
Icncy intended to give any such construction
to the nth section of the law Certainly the
frnmcrs of the law did not intend it should
have such a construction, and no member of
the legislature understood it to mean anv- '
tiling of that sort, but directly the reverse." j
That we may better understand what the '
law contemplated and intended to accomplish,
let us look at a few of its sections in conjunc
tion with the Ist article of the Constitution,
sections 2, 8. d and 6. .Section 4th of the
act says: "The Governor shall cause folic
prepared suitable books for the registration of
names and facts required by this act," ruled
in parallel columns, on which shall be entered
first the niuucof the person registered; second, !
sworn ; third, his age \ fourth, the place of his j
birth ; fifth, time of his residence; siath, na
turalisation ; sere nth, disqualification ; eighth, '
qualified voter. The sth section says: "that j
the snid Officers of Registration shall ascer
tain and register the names if every u-hile I
male person, resident iii or temporarily absent
from their wards or election districts," and '
the other farts called for by the 4t li section in '
their appropriate cAumue The Gth section
says : "That it shall lie the duty of tho OfTi- I
eers of Registration before entering any name I
on the register of eaters to diligently inquire," j
etc., and tbjy shall not enter his name as a ;
eater in said eighth column or register of voters. ]
In the seventh section also the eighth column '
is designated as the register of qualified vo-|
ters, and everywhere in the net tho eighth 1
column of the look alone is spoken of as "the 1
register of qualified voters." Tho eleventh ;
section says "two fair eopiesof said corroded
register of voters shall be completed and one
copy thereof shall be lodged by the Officers ,
of Registration with the Clerk of the Circuit
Court," etc., and "the other fair copy shall
be delivered to the Judges of Election," etc. j
The twelfth section draws the distinction yet j
more clearly, and says they shall lodge with'
the said Clerks, "one copy of the register of j
qualified voters, which list shall be recorded |
by the said Clerk ;" "and tliey shall also de- I
posit with snid Clerk the hook's of registration j
provided for in the 'dud section of this act." I
Wherever throughout the act the "register or |
list of voters" and the "hook" required by I
tho second section of the act arc spoken of
they arc designated as two distinct and sub- :
standee tliiugs, and were so intended to be j
and understood to be. Let this distinction '
be borne in mind and there eau bo no difficul
ty IU the ease.
Tho Governor, in commenting on that part
of the sth section of the net which says "the
said officer of registration shall ascertain and
register tho names of every white male per
son," etc., ami from the tenor of this lan
guage some have supposed it to be the duty
of these officers to ascertain tlio mime of eve
ry qualified voter iu their district and to reg
ister him whether he applies in person to bo
registered or not." declares "such is not my
construction of this section." He is perfectly
right in his declaration. The section gives
no such authority, because the 4th sec
tion of article Ist expressly prohibits it.—
Rut some are disposed to contend that no
name can be entered in the hook of registration
unless the party appears in person before the
Officers of Registration and demands to be re
gistered. Every member of the Legislature
who was preseut understood it quite differ
ently. Amendment after amendment wns
offered to restrict the action of tho officers to
such only as should appear and apply in per
son: speech after speech was made, appeal
ing and threatening with courts, with revolu
tion and arms, hut each vote on these amend
ments showed the determination that the
"names of every white male person, resident
or temporarily absent." from the drummer
boy of ten years or upward, should have, if
he aided in any way the rebellion, his nnrau
recorded with the sentence of disqnalification
set forth in the seventh column of said hook.
A reference to the journals of either House
will show that it was distinctly understood,
both by Union and disunion men, that the
sth section especially intended to disqualify
every white nude present, or temporarily ab
sent, who had in any way engaged in or
or afforded aid, comfort, cnuntennnco or
support to the rebellion or those eugaged
For the accomplishment of this purpose the
act makes it the duty of the Officers of Re
gistration to "asccrtuin and register" in the
first column of the bonk "the uainc of every
white male person resident in atul temporari
ly absent from," and the power to issue sum
mons, attachment and commitment the samo
as a Judge of the Circuit Court or Justice of
the Peace, and direct such process to "any
Sheriff or Coustable in tho State, requiring
bim to carry it into effort, and to try, on such
testimony as they can command, tho questions
]of qualification or disqualification, whether
! | the party.tried be present or abseut.
1 If it be remembered that entering the name
iof a person in the booll of registration, and
the entering of the name in the seventh col
- of the book as a disqualified voter are
■ two separate and distinct acts, the supposed
difficulty is removed nnd the intention and
meaning of the act becomes plain and e'ear.
In coroboration of the view that the act,
and more particularly the fifth section thereof,
intended and its effect was that tbe Officers of
Registration should ascertain and register
the names of every white mule person, resi
dent or temporarily absent, claiming or not
j claiming to be registered in tbe book of reg
] istration, we refer to the journals of the
House, in which will be found that it was
distinctly understood by the Union, as also ;
the opposition members, that such was the in
tention and effect of that section, as also the |
general bill. The amendments offered, and i
the speeches made, show that it was so under- '
stood, and entered as to iisqualify the disloy- j
al, even if they did not apply to the Officers
of Registration. In the House Journal, •
I page 475, will be found, Mr. Williams ( Cal
vert county) submitted the following amend
ment "by inserting uftcr the words 'fran-I
'; cliise': \V ho shall apply to said Officers of j
' ! Registration to have their names registered." |
j Lost—yeas 22, nays 48.
I The next amendment, page 470, by Mr.
1 ! Chew, of Prince (reorgo's, to strike out "or 1
I temporarily absent", lost—24 to4B. In the j
Senate Mr. Clarke, of l'ririee (ieorge's (sec j
(Journal, page 858.) moved to strike out!
j "claiming and cutitled to the right of elec
tive franchise," and insert " applying for
. registration," The object in each ease
was to restrict the action of the officers to
those only who should apply. The like object j
was attempted to t.e accomplished (House, j
j Journal, page 587.) by Mr. Miller of Anne
| Arundel, by amending section 5 to read I
( "register the name of every white male citi
; sen of the United States of the age of twenty- !
one years or upwards" who shall have resided 1
jin the State one year next preceeding the j
i election next hereafter to be held. The same
j will be found Senate Journal, pnge Bti2, of
fered by Mr. Clarke, who also.offered amend-
I incuts (page 807) to strike out the oth nnd
7th sections. The object of all these amend- j
| meuts was to restrict the disqualification of
: voters to such only as should apply and be
twenty one years of age. The loyal men of j
, both Houses, by their votes, posilively refused j
'to have it thus restricted, and vote! that the |
I Officers of Registration should take the names j
lof every white male person resident, or torn- '
I porarily absent, whether lie come before them
Jor not, enter his name in the book of regis- '
: nation, and "diligently iuquire and ascertain )
i that such person has not done any of the
acts," etc., and if he takes tbe oath prescribed
! in the 4th section, before them, then his name i
I is to Lc cut -red in the eighth column or register
\of qualified voters. If, however, they shall |
ascertain after diliigcnt inquiry, that he Ins '
j been guilty, they shall enter the fact in the
seventh culum as a disqualified Voter, absent or
C. 11. OUR,
Chairman Sonato Committee. I
The Matamoras "Monitor of the Frontier"
of the 123(1 contain* the details of the defeat
of Cortinas by G ;n. Lopez. It appears that
Lopez was in guard of a convoy, and Cortinas
surmising that the convoy, contained a large
amount of specie, determined upon an attack
After skirmishing awhile, Cortinaa' whole
force, numbering G'ht men, attacked and
were repulsed. Another attack was made
am) again failed.
Cortinan' tucii then became terrified and
fled in every direct ion. Cortinas lost not less
than otic hundred men. Those taken prison
ers by the litmcriulists were instantly shot.
The Impcralists had only five or six slightly
wounded. One of their lieutenants was cap
tured and killed. The convoy then proceeded
to Montery in charge of a portion of the Lopez
force and the remainder returned to Matamo
The Matamoras llanehero of the 2od tilt,
says:—"Among the rebel leaders steering for
the City of Mexico are Generals Kirby .Smith,
IVico, Wilcox, Magruder. Walker. King.
Preston and Lcndbcutcr, Colonels I'iournoY
and O liannon, Governor Alien and ex-Gov
ernor Moore. There were still at Monterey
Generals Shelby, Heo, Uroadwcll and ltid
dley. Governors llaynolds, Clark and Murray,
the latter dangerously ill.
There is a great amount of sickness among |
the troops, and General Steele and three of
his officers are dowu with the " backbone
Among the passengers lately arrived at
Plymouth England, from Melbourne, is John
ny Day, champion pedestrian of Australia,
nine years of age. three feet ten inches in
height, and fifty-four pounds in weight. He
visits Kngland to walk against any man or
The London Star, speaking of the election
riots, says that "the scenes which were of
common exhibition over Great llritain Inst
week would have disgraced the days of Ho
garth, and are a shame and disgrace to any
The authorities of St. Petersburg have just
annulled the order which interdicted smoking
in the streets.
The Karl of Winchclsea finally appeared
on the Bth inst. at the Wandsworth Police
Court, London, to meet the charge of having '
smoked in the Vauxhnli Station of the London
and South western Railway. The defence was
of the In mifjue character If the Karl smok
ed, so did the engines of the company. The
magistrate scarcely saw tho full force of this, i
for he fined the Earl ten shillings and two ;
Vesuvius continues to emit fire from its
principal mouth. In the opinion of compe
tent persons, however, there appears to be no
reason to apprehend an imminent complete
it3f"The Washington correspondent of tho
New York Tribun denies the statement of
harsh treatment of Jeff. Davis, and says he
receives the consideration due a noted prison
er of State. No officer lias been stationed in
his cell, his cell is not guarded by n score or
more of bayonets . his diet is not limited to
the army ration, but on the contrary ho is al
lowed to chooso his own food. His 'treat
ment is Christian-like and humane, and just
such as a generous and dignified Government
can well afford to bestow upon ono who is 110
longer its enemy, hut its prisoner." Davis
and Clay met on Wednesday last and shook
SIIBRIPAN OM TUB M ON'lt OF PoCTRINR. At
a meeting in New York a few dnys since, a
letter from General Phil. Sheridan was read.
The following is an extract:
"There is no use to beat around the bush ;
in this Mexican matter. Wo should give n
permanent Government to that Republic.
Our work in crushing the rebellion will not
bo done till this takes place The advent of
Maximilian was a portion of the rebellion, and
his fall should belong to its history. Most of '
the Mexican soldiers of Maximilian's army
would throw down their arms tho moment
wo cross the Rio Grande. Tho Fronrh influ- 1
cnce governed by sheer impudence." I
THE NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Fifteen national banks with enpital amount*
ing to ,Q6, 460,705, wore chartered iust week
Tlio Siamese twins are soon to appear in
i It is stated that the trial of Weir* will not
j be commenced before two weeks.
I The population of Utah is now one hundred
! thousand people. Salt I.ake City contains
| twenty thousand.
j The mails from Richmond came through
to Washington direct on Monday night, the
first time in more than four years.
The Postofliee Department is about to ie
i sue double postage stamped envelopes, aud
j otherwise facilitate the paying of postage.
The interest paid to depositors in savings
banks is to be regarded as a dividend, and
[ liable to a tax of five per cent.
Liiiou College bestows an LL. D. upon
j General Grant and Charles O Conor, and
'Key. IT. M. Dexter of Boston receives a I>.
; D. from lowa College.
jt-iTLI is believed at the Treasury Depart
ment that the ordinary sources of revenue
i will meet all requisitions until Congress
' It-tTAbraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis
were born in the same Congressional Dictriot
of Kentucky, and within the same year.
Xt7"lt is seriously proposed to establish a
j vigilance committee in Indianapolis,
i The shipment of cotton and naval stores
I from Newborn, N. C., are said to ho larger
than at any previous period in thu history of
The Westminster Review, in an nrticle on
Theodore Winthrop, ranks him as one of the
most marked writers of Anicrira.
Advices from New+ern, N. C\, Rtnte that
General linger had suppressed one paper for
treasonable utterances, and would probably
treat a few more in a similar manner for tbe
The resumption of the prepaid system by
the Post-ofiiee Department not being gene
rally known, the number of unpaid letters re
turned to the Dead Letter Olliee average 14,-
The Saratoga tribe of Indians is reduced
nearely to a minimum. It consists this year,
il is stated, of six or eight Canadian French
men. a candle-eating I,abradoriau, two o:to
gonariau squaws, and a North American
Commissioners have been appointed to moot
representatives of the Indian tribe* st Fort
Gibson on the Ist of September next, with
the object of restoring friendly relations.
It is ascertained, on inquiry, that there is
a continued reduction of the aggregate amount
of Certificates of Indebtedness—the number
redeemed being much larger than those new ly
' Advices from Raleigh, X. C., how that in
tittincrous instance* the men nominated to the
: Statu convention have been leading rebels,
I w ho, although they have been pardoned, are
j Mill rebellions at. heart. The Cnion men of
| the State demand the enforcement of tbecoti
| fiscation laws, as the only means of freeing
| them front the rule of rebel leaders and syttt
' pat hitters.
j Experiments are being made in Philadel
; pltia in injiltrulinn. a process by which a
live hog may be converted into corned pork
in twenty minutes. The animal is killed,
bis heart removed, and an instrument iusert
!cd in its place by which sweet piekcl is sent
i through the main artery into every part of
the pig. It is estimated that this process
| will reduce the price of food fifty nor cent.
A note from .Jack so if. Miss, contains the
following expression recently used by Govcr
i Sharkey of .Mississippi, who being asked if
ho had any objection to its publicity, said lie
had not., as it truly stated his sentiments:
"I have lost all the negroes I bad, sotne
seventy or eighty in number ; bit', so help me
God, I would not cast a vote to restore the
, institution of slavery."
A YOUNG man stepped into a bookstore in
' Grand street, the other day. and said he
| wanted to get s "Voting Man's Companion."
"WYII, sir," said the book-seller, "here's my
' daughter ?"
JC-2TA somewhat juvenile dandy said to a
fair partner at a ball. "Don't you think,
: Miss, my mustaches arc becoming?" To
which she replied; "Well .Sir, they may be
cuminq, but they have not yet arrived."
j The Paris correspondent of the London
Morning Star states that while going through
a lunatic asylntu at ("larcntnn, the other dav.
j lie saw two of the most leurned professors of
[ France deprived of their reasoning faculties
j by having studied Kenan's Life of Jesus.
A ll■ o HAUL. —A man named Guy, an cm
ployeu in (lie paper mill of .Stonebraker k
Cook, near llagerstown. M 1., whilst assort
ing some old paper, canto across J 15.000 in
notes of the llagerstown Rank, done up in a
package. This package, strange to say, bad
! mysteriously disappeared from the bank and
: now fortunately turned tip as above described.
; Mr. Guy promptly returned the money to the
j institution, and received a reward of $l2O for
hi* honesty — Mail.
Xff'Governor IToldcn, of North Carolina,
has addressed a tclegrnpliio despatch to Messrs.
Battle and Heck, now in New York, in the
furtherance of immigration to that State, in
! reply to inquiries made by them regarding
the alleged disloyal feeling in North Carolina,
, in which lie cava he apprehends no disturb
i nnees except in the absence of an effective
police, or the withdrawal of the troops. He
invites all to come with confidence in the fu
ture, and they will be gladly received by the
1 BntsTiso AN- AMES' Grcv—Colonel T. C.
1 Baylor has fur some time past been testing
the efficiency of Ames' wrought-iron guns at
Fortress Monroe. An eight-inch rifled piece
was being experimented on Thursday after
noon. At the twelfth round, with a charge
of fifteen pounds of powder, and the gun at
ian elevation of ten degrees, 'ho Ames'
wrought-iron gave way. The hrocch of the
gun was torn off and hirled against a stockade
of oak logs erected to receive such projectiles.
The body of the gnu tipped over and fell off
its carriage, burying the muzzle in the sand.
No one was ir jured: the officers and soldiers
conducting the experiment were in the bomb
proof. alongside of the gun The piece torn
oft' by the force of the explosion is two feet
ten inches in length. The fracture is as
straight and smooth as if it had been severed
with a knife. The severed fragment contains
what, was the vent of the gun. Iu the figures
|of its length, above given, is included the
j cascabel. This gun was made for a 7-inch
I F' l ". and with its original bore Was fired one
thousand times. It was then bored to the ca
libre of eight; this, of course, greatly weaken
ed the gun, and the fact of its bursting does
not at all militate against the Ames wrought
An exciting controversy is now pending at
Chicago relative to the final disposition of the
funds of the recent Sanitary Fair. A strong
feeling exists in the community in favor of
the appropriation of all tho money raised by
the Fair to tho erection of a permanent Sol
dier's Home, where all sick, crippled or oth
erwise disabled veterans of the war, frot i the
Western States, may be properly taken care
i Infernal Revenue: iVolitn
Offloe of Oolleotor of Internal Kevenne, *
HMJKTii IMSTKICT UF MAICi LAM [
(M iI HKLLLAND, Ac<;lT 2, ldt>7>. j
INroufarruity with the Act of CoDgrtw, <ntitl<4
"an net to provide ) uicruul Revenue to •ujii.ort
lue governuicnt, to pay iuterest on il.e public det>
and lur other purports, upproved June 30th, 1884
a* amended by the act of ilarcb 3d, iitrluding
sections relating to the collection of Internal Reiw
uue, from other Acta," approved March 3rd, JftGi.
tic Assessor for th. 4,1, , )illtr|cl of j| no U,„l bai
TIov"'l fsTmr .1 - ' nt ' ,h £ ANNLAI - WiM.EC
'. . ' ie t tor 'fori, continuing nmw-
I?' u rift" K H' I'iauo
r f* *"?■ it *" r *"• <t"ld Watches etc
for the year ending May Ist, latin, and Unties oa
luronics of the fear 1804.
| NOTICE IS fllKUKKoltfi 01 VEX to prr , nn<
I assesred in ALI.MJA.NY fountv, thn' tlir T!a
j ai,i h' l ", <'w and pa va .
tlri and tlmt 1 Will attend In person or by Debut,
I .1 this office, dully, (except Thursdays) 'until the
! .'lit day if August 1806 inclusive, to receive tbe
! Demand for payment of said Taxes and Duties,
"with a (vc of twenty rents, and four cents for eaeh
mile travelled in serving the same," will he sent br
mail, or left at the dwelling or usual place of bus'-
nets of every person neglecting to pay within the
tune specified ; and if said Taxes and Duties, utitl
the fee and mileage aforesaid, lie not paid within
ten days after Ihe mailing br nrive td said demand,
tlic law prescribes that collection of the same, "with
a penally of TVi.Y per ceft/um additional uiuiri t! s
amount of duties," (which will bo esmt.-d in all
cases,; shall be enforced by Distraint and .Sale if
the goods, chattels and property, and rights to pro
pirtv, real ami personal, of Deiinituebts. Person.',
exercising or carrying on any trade, business or or, -
tension without the requisite License, besides being
liable to the payment of the Tax, are subject to a
toe of live hundred dnl'urs and Imprisonment for
two vears, for each offence,
i*?'*"'" Taxes must he paid in I*. S. uionor,
UUlee hours : ii a. in. to it o'clock p m.
v pnnec lt ,? riKßl( ; K SWiLJiV,Collector,
n-'.' •. .V 1 ' ,ul T Collector, 2d Division, 4th
II 1 strict, Mil. [aug] 10, 180.',. it.
Romney, Hampshire Co.,
A Male and Female Boarding and Dav
r pnis ACADEMY OK LIBERAL LEARNING
L " ill open its Kull nml Winter Session uri th
Inst Monday in September ISUj. Thoroughness iu
every_ department, lias long been li e iliainctcriiffio
ol this School. Parents desiring for their children
a fuml English, Classical and Mathematical LJu
cution would do well to patronize this .School.
1 trmi j,tr Session vfi five ilvnlhe, payable in advance.
Lowest tirade SIO.OO
Intermediate 15 (J0
Highest L'o 00
Latin and Creekss.ou each per Quarter extra.
M isie taught at Professor's charges.
Boarding f.1.00 per Week— Waebiij,, Pud
j anil Lights not included.
Fur particulars adlresfl the rrlncdp.il,
Rev. J. LI.SON.
Jtouiner, 'A v\
Send for ft circular.
August 10, 1805. 2m*.
LIST OF LETTERS.
rKTTKHS remaining unclaimed in tL
J I'lmt-ofticft at Cunilttrlrtntl, .Slate of MarvUud
loth day of August. 1805.
?-*** "To ol'tnin any of these lotion, the appli
cant muKt cull fur 1 advertised letters,' jjive the data
of this list, mid pay one cent fur advertiaiutf.
"FULL DEUVLIU of letters hy carriers, at th
, residence of owners, may be secured by übwi-viiiir
the following rules;
| "1. DJRKCT letters plainly to the itreat an l
number, an well as the post-office and .State
" N. H-—A RKQI7BST fur the lUCTUtK of a loV
ter to the writer, it" unclulined within 30 day. c-r
1 '.*ss, written or printed with the writer's name pest
office mitl State, acroiM the hft hand HIM of the
vnlnpe; on the fare aide, will he complied with At tha
usual prepaid rate of postage, parable whoa tba
otter in delivered to the writer."
Arthur Lewis Allen Mnttie Miss
A dames Newton Ihuhtell Wtu L a
Buelius, Jtittles 1 lee 11 Lavinn A Mrs
liell John llitrchus Addio Mis*
Brady Michael J Crucli Jesse
Cant John L (,'opp John I*
Corn Hernial! M C'uinstoik Henry
Caluns Alia Miss Cnpe!! M.trv Aua
Haiis I Surah A Mi.Ss Levis Tyler
LuKlehert Lizzie siiss Kisltsr 11 S
Fowler Geo. W Gardner G W
I legues John B llullingewv rth Jems*
Hunter John Iltirhlnn Julie Mrs
llelgoih Elizabeth Mrs Hillehrsnd August
liell. L M Johns Dean
Jones, Thorn II Keller, It K Mrs
Kent nil'Sareh E Miss Kreller Kale Ann Mi,a %
Kuukle Jacob M Kilhv It It
Kidman Joliu Klafe Rudolph
Knott Franklin Klinefelter Robert
Love Harry Lootnie Horry O
Long K J Mi l . Lieliinter Ann Mrs
Loney Sarah Mrs Miller Elizabeth Mm
Mlskill Ellen Mrs MeGovnn Mary Mrs
Milishall Perry S Obrine Jane l .
Benin I eiuiis V Penny Daniel
Parker A Co \Vnt Rice David J
Randolph Henry ltonj Jtied Win A
Reed Wm A Reynolds Itylent
Itizer Mary Jane Miss Itobisoii Margaret Mia
Hi flair James Heidi r Job
•Steadman II It .Smith Esther Miss
Miyder L Miss Shaffer .M.trv K
Shaffer Mary E Soitle Alteei s
Troop John A Trller Mary 1' Mia
Trent AlexJr Vegmann joint
VVe.'tley W II Watts ti, o y
Willis.,n Owen Young Archabald A
/.i miner ly Margaret Ann
JOILV n. YOVNO P M
KSTATE OF I)A.N IKL IIOEIISTEDLE K,
r piIIS is to give notice tliat lite subsciibsr
X. hiith obtained from the Orphan* Court uf
Allegany County, Letters of udmiiiistrMtiou on tl
lute of said county, deceased. All persons having
claims against tlic snides tale, arc hereby warned
to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof is
gally authenticated, to (he subscriber on or before
the 17th day of February, ldct; ; tbey may othtrwia#
''J' hiw l.e excluded f oin ail beuelit of said estate
Those indebted are notified immediate pav-
Given under my hand this loth nay of Au
Ang. 10, lRC.'.3t. Administrator.
OITFKRKKS WITH CCKSmi'TION, ASTHMA
O ttroiichilis, or any <lirnw of (be Throat or
Lungs, v ill be clieeifullr loruiohffi, without charge
with the remedy by the use of which the Rcr. HO
WARD A. \V u.sos, of \\ iliiamsburg, New I'ork, was
completely (est..red to health, after baring suffered
sevcrnl years Willi that (trend disease, Consumption.
io Coushinptlvtt sufferers, this remedy is worthr
ofuu immediate tiial. It will cost nothing, anil
may la- the means of their perfect restoration.—
Those (leaning the same will please address Its?
KPW Alt!) A \\ i 1 ,H''\ lt>.*i South Second Street.
Williams burgh, Kings County, New York.
Aug. 10, IHtiS. tit.
Editor of Civilian and Telegraph.
DEAR Slß —With your permission, I wish to MJ to
the render* of your paper that I will Mend, by return
trail, to all who wish it (free) a reeipc with full di
rections for making and uaitig a tiniple Vegetable
Dahn, will effectually remove, in ten day*, Piuj
pies, Blotches, Tan, Freckles, and all Impuriiiew of
the Skin, leaving the suuie soft, clear, smooth au<l
1 will also mail free to those Bald Ilcada
or Bare Fat.es simple directions and information,
that will enable theui to start a full growth of Lux
uriant Hair, Whiskers, or a Moustache, in less thau
These recipes are valuable to both old and young,
and as they are wailed toa'l who need them fice of
charge, they are worthy Uie attention of all who
prize, a clear, pure Skin, or a healthy growth of
All applications answered by return mail, wi'.k
out charge. liespect fully yours,
, _ . T'LUO. F. CHAPMAN,
Chemist and Perfumer, .No. 831 BUUAOWAY, X. r.
OLD DR. PL'CH AN'S DRUNKARDS' CURE
permanently eradicates the taste for strong drink
and cured the worst cases of drunkenness in La.
than eight weeks.
Thousands of reformed inebriates now lire to bless
the day they were fortunate enough to rnmmen. E
the use of this valuable remedy, cries Two Dol
lars s package,
Mailed to any address on receipt of an
JAMKS S. H fLKII, A ''J Broadway, Xew Vor.
Mr;, it'. lSdS.bl. fhde sgen.t fit thy