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People's party paper. [volume] (Atlanta, Ga.) 1891-1898, August 19, 1892, Image 1

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Peoples P \hty Paper
VOLUME I.
NEW YORK IN ARMS.
THE STATE’S SOLDIERY AWAIT
THE GOVERNOR’S ORDERS.
Buffalo Officials Ask for Troops, Ae4
They Will Probably be Sent There
At Once.
New York. August 17. —Just before
subset yesterday a message was clicked
over the telegraph wires from the head
quarters of the national guard of the
State at Albany to every armory in this
city. It was a general order fro®c Adju
tant-General Josiah H. Porter for every
regiment in this city to put every mem
ber of its companies under arms and to
hold them in readiness to proceed at once
to the scene of the switchmen’s strike at
Buffalo. Men were sent to the rifle
rooms, and the clanking of bayonets and
the rattle of . mall arms broke the silence
of the big buildings. Messages were
sent outdo the soldiers of the regiments
living near to report for duty without
delay. The address books of each regi
ment were brought out. and soon the
telephone bells were ringing all over
the city to connect the men with their
officers.
Beforo 9 o’clock, uniformed men
crowded the cars on the elevated rail
roads. They were in unseemly haste.
Their movements were like those of
soldiers bent on serious business. When
they j ached the streets they went in
double time to their armories. .
In the homes ol most of the soldiers a
different scene was enacted. The most
of them were men who have to work
hard for a living. They parted -.from
their wives or their parents and brothers
and sisters with hopeful words and en
couraging smiles, but the wives and sis
ters fell that their relatives -were going
away to light.
Later in the night the streets were
alive with men in uniforms, hurrying to
their poets of duty. Meanwhile all New
York lay asleep, unconscious that thous
ands of dieir fellow-citizens were armed
and ready for serious fighting.
At tli-e crack Seventh’s army Adju
tant Landon sai<l the officers of the regi
ment had received orders about 6 o’clock
from Adjutant Porter-to hold themselves
in readiness to go to Buffalo. All the
captains of the companies were notified
to have their men ready at a moment’s
notice. Several men of each company
were ordered at the armory to act as
messengers in case further dispatches
were received from Albany, calling the
regiment to do active service.
At the Twenty-second armory every
sign portended war last night. A solemn
faced sentry stood guard at the door and
challenged every passerby without the
countersign. The silent armory of the
Twenty-second had been transformed
into a bedlam within an hour, and the
quiet young men of business who fill its
ranks into serious-visaged men of war.
<l We could move with over 300 men
right now,” said Lieutenant Colonel
King, “if the order should come. Con
sidering the short notice the men had,
they have been surprisingly prompt in
responding. If they had had any warn
ing we should have had 500 men here by
this time. I have simply the order of
the adjutant-general to assemble and
await further orders. I haven’t any idea
when we are expected to move, nor to
what point. The men will go in heavy
marching order and fatigue uniform.
Each man will have sixty rounds of ball
cartridges and not a smgle blank. We
will take 500 men, though the full com
plement of the regiment is 625. This in
cludes the signal corps.”
The entire National Guard comprises
13,500 men. Governor Flower, as com
mander-in-chief of the State forces, is in
direct communication with the Erie
county authorities, and has taken such
measures that should the occasion require
it there will not be an hour’s unneces
sary delay in moving the troops to
Buffalo or to any point desired.
A dispatch from Buffalo says : “Grand
Master Sweeny made seme serious
charges against the railroad companies
this afternoon. He said they burned
many of the cars themselves to gain
sympathy. Sweeny also asserted that
the switchmen stand ready to aid the
militia in preventing depredations. The
switchmen are not only not to blame for
the acts of disorder that have been com
mitted, but thatthey have not sanctioned
them in any way. The best proof of this
is that there have been none of them ar
rested.”
That the Erie and Lehigh Valley roads
are afraid of an extension of the Buffalo
trouble was evidenced yesterday by the
fact that the agents of both roads refused
to accept perishable freight for through
shipment except at the shipper's risk.
The officials of both roads admitted that >
“JEDq-cx&l tc to None.”
it was impossible to get a pound of
freight beyond Buffalo.
As matters stand now the Pennsyl
vania has no direct interest in the Buffalo
strike, but if the strike were to extend to
the Jersey City yards of the Lehigh Val
ley and Erie roads the Pennsylvania men
would be as likely to go out as to remain
at work. The consequence of a general
strike would be simply appalling. The
great suburban traffic on all roads, on
which thousands defend for transporta
tion to and from the city, would be prac
tically stopped. The only trains which
would have any assurance of safe pass
age would be the ones carrying Uncle
Sam’s mails and strikers would not dare
• disturb those.
hore swftcmen go oct.
Buffalo, August 18.—At half past 1
o’clock this, [Thursday] morning, the
Lake Shore switchmen have just quit
work. A gang of them said the;, had
been ordered out, and that the Lacka
wanna switchmen will follow them in
less than half an hour. Seven switch
engineers in the South BsjffaJo yard
usually working at this hour., are idle.
Telephone messages from the eleventh
preciret state that men in forty-four
East Buffalo Lake Shore yards are
also out. Til’s is confirmed by the
other railroad men.
The New York Central strikers
number 150. About an equal number
went out from the yards of the Lehigh
Valley, Erie,and Buffalo Creok roads.
The c ay switchmen on the West Shore
road also struck to-day.
A sergeant in the Slxty-fith regi
ment was accidentally shot to-dxy by
the gun of one of his men and died be
fore reaching the hospital. There
have been several cases of heat pros
tration among the troops, the heat be
ing very great. Troops continue to
arrive. All eo far ordered here Lave
reported except one battalion.
Whoever selected the time for be
ginning the present railway strike
has shown generalship of no mean or
der. It is the opening day of the fair
and er cry railroad coming into <the
union depot had from one to five
special excursion trains scheduled for
the day. It requires five switch en
gines to make up passenger trains in
the Exchange street stat ion under or
dinary circumstances a riel on occasions
like the present one twice that num
ber would be required to handle the
business. Troops are stationed along
the tracks of the various lines. They
are not yet accustomed to the duty
and feeling of nervous apprehension
lest they may be obliged suddenly to
kill men has not yet worn away. But
their laces are earnest. On the great
coal trestles and on top of cars the
strikers and others keep their look
outs and pass their signals.
The Facts from Jug Tavern.
Jefferson, Ga., Aug. 16.
The biggest thing in the way of a rally
came off at Jug Tavern Saturday. The
democrats had advertised for two week 2
they would have a barbecue and speak
ing. General Gordon, Governor Norihen,
Tate and Ham were to be the orators of
the day. They intended it to be the
grandest democratic demonstration ever
seen in this section. They did not ex
pect any of our speakers and were feel
ing jubilant over their expected victory.
Caadler, Tate and Hara were on the
ground ready to bury the cause of the
People.
About that time Colonel Hahaffey, the
next Attorney General of the State, drove
in and every People’s party man knew
our principles would be ably and fear
lessly delended, and that he could cope
with any man they had, notwithstand
ing the exalted opinion the Atlanta
Journal editor has of himself to the con
trary.
Tnere were at least 1,000 men present,
and any fair minded man there is forced
to admit that 700 of them were for the
Peop’e’s party.
To borrow from the Journal, for which
please excuse me, Colonel Mahaffey fairly
wiped the earth with Candler, Tate and
Ham. If the other side deny this I can
prove it by 700 of the 1,000 present,
which seems to me is proof conclusive.
I never saw a crowd more earnest, sin
cere and determined for the cause of
rijiht and jusute, and never saw the
small crowd opposed to our reform move
ment more depressed and disheartened.
These are the facts as regards the Jng
Tavern meeting without any extra
touches or prevarications. R. J. F.
Will this pass for good Democratic
doctrine? It is a plank in the Nation
al Democratic platform of 1856:
We declare: “That Congress has
no power to charter national banks;
that we believe such institution of
deadly hostility to the best interests of
the country,dangerous to our republi
can institutions and the liberties of
the People, and calculated to place the
business of the country within the
control of concentrated money power
and above the laws and will of the
people; that the separation of the
money of the governmen from bank
ing institutions is indispensable for
the safety of the funds and the rights
of the People.”
This plank was reaffirmed in 1860,
but would be sadly out of placs in the
Democratic platform at the present
time.
ATLANTA, GA., FRIDAY, AUGUST 19, 1892.
THE TENNESSEE MINERS.
THE MOVEMENT AGAINST CONVICT
LABOR RENEWED.
Further Collision of Free Miners and
Militia may be Avoided by
Removing the Convicts.
Chattanooga, Aug. 17.—The Chatta
nooga “Contingent Army of Tennessee”
is now in the field for the protection of
the raining properties of the Anderson
county coal fields to the number of 620.
At the latest ’lnformation they had
reached Harriman, seventeen miles west
of Oliver Springs, where they stopped for
breakfast, expecting to go forward at any
moment. The guards in the stockade
were reinforced last night by the timely
arrival of twenty-eight militiamen from
Knoxville, after a ride full of excitement
and surrounded by unknown danger en
route. All sorts of rumors are current as
to the number cf miners who are ready
to attack or prepare for some new form
of lawlessness. Various estimates are
made of the number of these law-break
ers, some of the estimates running up
into thousands, and the general opinion
prevails that the “woods are full of
them.” The number may be greatly ex
aggerated, but they doubtless have a re
serve force which will number fully
20,000 resolute men. inured to hardship
and fatigue, many of them veterans of
the late war, and should they break out
into open rebellion and defy the troops
sent to <juell the rebellion, they will
prove a very difficult body of men to
handle, familiar a- they are with ail the
mountain retreats, passes and by-ways.
Conservative people think they will not
oppose the troops, their main object seem
ing to be to cream a public sentiment
which will destroy any favor which ex
ists towards the convict lease system.
Already expressions are common that
the lease system must go
A special session of the legislature was
called last. January for this purpose, but
adjourned without action, and the free
miners have taken this method to enforce
some definite action. The stockade
which was last night attacked is four
miles from Oliver Spring -, and the troops
now enroute for that point are confident
that they will meet with opposition, but
are determi - ed to face any number of
rioters who may come in their way.
The miners have taken forcible posses
siongof apassenger train and left it stand
ing on the tracks while the engine was
used by them to transport a crowd of 200
to the scene of their ax tacks.
Judge Moon of this circuit, now hold
ing court in Jasper, Marion county, near
the scene of the Monday attack, madega
vigorous charge to the grand jury, sum
moned a strong posse and will put forth
an effective quietus on the doings of any
more mobs in that district. In the
county where the trouble now exists the
situation is entirely different as the
courts are not in session. The commun
ity is large'y in sympathy with the
miners and processes of law are not avail
able. Judge Moon’s address to the grand
jury of Marion county was a scathing
one, full of fire and determination. As
sociated with him is Foster Brown, at
torney-general, and his aide, A. H. Trew
hitt, and those three will stand like a
stone-wall not only to prevent further
depredation, but to bring punishment on
the heads of all offenders.
Knoxville, Tenn., August 17. —Last
night the miners at Coal Creek, Jelli
co, and Newcomb and other points on
the Knoxville and Ohio railroad seized
three trains and compelled the train
men to take them to Olive Springs.
The crowd numbered in all 1,500 men,
including the miners at the latter
point. The warden heard of their ap
proach and when the miners were at
least a mile from the stockade abandon
ed his post and with the convicts and
guards marched a mile to surrender.
The miners were led by D. T. Moore,
who makes no attempt to disguise the
part he took. The guns of the militia
men were taken from them and they
reached Knoxville about 7 o’clock to
night.
The wires are cut beyond Clinton
and nothing can be heard, but the
universal belief is that Coal Creek
will be attacked before morning. At
least 3,500 men are congregated there,
and the miners say they can secure
5,000 men if necessary.
The Chattanooga contingent didn’t
reach the scene of action at all, al
though three trains gave them ample
opportunity. They numbered sixty
five men and were all day inactive at
Harriman, seventeen miles from
Olive Springs. It is impoasible now
to reinforce Capt. Anderson at the
Creek and the whole brunt of the bat
tle will fall on Capt. Anderson and
his command of 180 men. They have
a commanding position on the top of
the mountain overlooking the stock
ade, are heavily armed and should
give a good account of themselves.
Nasha’lLLE, Aug. 17. —Governor Buc
hanan announces that he does not know
what he will do concerning rhe convicts
who have been sent back to this city.
The Governor inclines to the opinion that
the beard of prison inspectors should de
clare the lease void, because the lessees
claim the authorities do not protect them
against mobs and insurrectionists, and
they are entiled to be protected in thei
working of the convicts. They will not
pay for the support of the convicts.
Governor Buchamian has ordered the
sheriffs cf Knox, Hamilton, Morgan and
Andersen, counties to summon assistance
and proceed at once&> Oliver Springs to
protect property and prevent release of
convicts by miners. The troops from
C hattanooga are sidetracked at Harri
man, but will start for Oliver Springs as
soon a-5 possible. The wires to Oliver
Springs and Coal Creek are still down.
JaSpdh, Tenn., Aug. 17. —The grand
jury has returned against the insurrec
tionists fourteen true bills, and the at
torney-general states that forty more in
dictments are certain.
4
Latest advices are that the entire Na
tional Guard of Tennessee, except two
companies, and several hundred volun
tee/s from the cities of Knoxville and
Chattanooga are doubtless ere this at the
stockade where Anderson’s command is
beleaguered. The outcome is unknown,
but it is evident that the State in the
end will be stronger than the miners in
their seggregated union.
Out In Kansas.
Winfield, Kan., Aug. 15.
Recently the plutocratic papers are
sending out word all over the country
that the People’s Party in this state is
is going to pieces, and contain fraudu
lent reports of Peoples’ Party meet
ings which are little else but a mass of
falsehoods. As these reports from
Republican papers are copied by the
Democratic papers of the South with
the evident intention of discouraging
the brethren of the South, 1 wish to
say to our Southern brethren that the
most glaring falsehoods are being
paliimd off on the people in the name
iof ’ j” h that’ ever disgraced journal -
ism. These Republican papers, lea
by the Topeka Capital, have persons
in’each town in the state whose busi
ness it is to manufacture these false
hoods and send to their papers. We
have exposed many of them and prov
ed them to be [the lowest of political
liars that ever disgraced this state,
but still they continued and we could
not tell who until w’e discovered that
papers in other states were extensivly
copying these falsehoods. It is in the
hope of correcting some of these false
impressions I write this. For in
stance our party head a rally recently
at Washington, in this state. No less
than 10,000 persons were present, but
the Republican press sent out word
that the meeting was a failure. At
Riley Centre there were over 10,000
people to our rally. It was also re
ported as a failure. At Wichita, where
there is one of the largest halls in the
state, while it would scarcely hold the
crowd these same papers reported it
at 120 voters and a few women and
children. Such is the unscrupulous
disregard for truth in Republican
papers. What are the facts. Our
party is growing every day, and we
can give names of many former Re
publicans who say they will not vote
with that party again. This is more
than the Republicans dare do. They
constantly make assertions that num
bers are going back to their old par
ties, but never give names. The fact
is, men are not apt to return to a party
that are constantly asserting they are
anarchists and repudiators of eebts.
It is not reasonable that they should.
We held our county convention on
the 13th inst. This county, Cawley,
has 35,000 inhabitahts, and is w’here
the People’s Party first orginated as a
county movement and which, in the
n a xt year spread all over the state.
Our convention this year was one of
the largest attended; the most har
monious and enthusiastic ever held in
the county.
The Democrats generally have unit
ed with us on county and state tickets.
There are those w T hoare interested in
banking and money loaning, who say
they will vote for the Republican can
didate as their interest lie with that
party. The banks, the money loaners
and the corporations generally will
lend all their influence to the Repub
licans, and they have the united sup
port of the railroads. Against this com
bi nation is arrayed the majority of
farmers and laborers and many of the
mechanics, and with this combined
help we expect to redeem the state
from Republican rule. The Republi
cans boast that they have unlimited
funds at their command. One hun
dred and seventy-five thousand dol
lars is ready for use in Jerry Simp
son’s district alone. It will be the
hottest contest Kansas has ever seen,
as the Republicans realizes it is a mat
ter of life or death with them. Again
I say to the brethren of the South,
have no fears of Kansas. We are all
right, and gaining ground every day,
but w F e are very anxious to know how
the movement progresses in the
South.
J. H. Ritchie.
SEVEN HUNDRED MILES
DUE NORTH IN HIS NATIVE STATE
OF MICHIGAN.
Col C. C. Post Giving Republicans the
Same Medicine he Dealt to
Democrats In Geor
gia.
i
Saginaw City, Mich., Aug. 17.
To The People’s Party Paper :
Start at Atlanta and run a line sev
en hundred miles due North, and if it
does not end in Saginaw City it will
be because a little of it hang over into
Saginaxv Bay, off Lake Huron, in
which case it might be a good plan to
’ attach a hock to the line on the chance
of catching a muscalonge, a species of
fish with which portions of the waters
are said to abound.
This is only a suggestion, and you
are not obliged to do it if you don’t
want to. I would like to try my luck
with a hook and line if I had time, but
.11 have not.
. j After speaking here I to Flint
. for a speech to-morrow, then to * 1 onia,
Ithica and Detroit —all prominent
towms or cities, and close my brief
trip w’ith a speech at Bancroft in my
' native county of Shiawassee, on the
£3. I have already spoken four times
in the State, opening the campaign
! in company with Hon. Geo. L. Yapie,
' at Centerville, on the Hth, where we
had a good audience on the fair
grounds, and where Yapie at least
. made a good speech.
Y apie was in Congress several years
ago as a reformer and Democrat. He
proved to be too much of a reformer
and not enough of a Democrat, and so
did not get the Democratic support
next time and staid at home. This
year we hope to send him back as a
People’s Party man.
At the “ old under-ground railway ”
towm of Battle Creek I had a fine au
dience, and hope I warmed up the
moss-back Republicans sufficiently to
induce at least a few of them to shed.
I told them, among other things, that
ii‘they still loved the nigger as they
professed to do, the best thing they
could do for him was to turn in and
help the People’s Party secure a suffi
cient increase in the volume of money
to bring cotton up to where we could
afford to pay a nigger more than fifty
cents a day without ourselves coming
out in debt to the merchant to do it.
Just as I expected, I found the Re
publican bosses up here swearing that
they are not responsible for anything,
because they have not had both houses
of congress and the president for such
a long time, and I gave them a dose of
the same menicine we have been giv
ing the Democrats down in Georgia,
telling them they had never even tried;
that it takes two to make a trade, and
that if the Republican Senate could do
nothing without the Democratic House,
neither could the Democratic House
do anything without the Republican
Senate, and that therefore the Repub
licans and Democrats must have agreed
upon the doing of all the evil things
that have been done, and the not doing
•of all that the people had wanted done.
That kind of talk don’t agree with
the Republican bosses up here any bet
ter than it does with the Democratic
bosses down South, but it is the kind
of medicine they need, and they will
have to take a good deal of it during
this campaign.
The People’s Party has a full State
ticket in the field, headed by a good.,
able and clean old farmer named Ew
ing for Governor. We spoke together
Saturday to two thousand people at
Haslet Park —a regular good old Alli
ance and People’s Party meeting that
made me feel like I was at home again
down in Georgia.
Dr. Bland, of Washington, D. C., was
also present and spoke, and gave some
valuable facts and figures on railroads,
which I am going to try and secure for
the benefit of the readers of the Peo
ple s Party Paper.
The railroad question is much more
prominent and ownership by govern
ment much more generally acceptable to
the people West than in the South.
They h" ve had more, and a more gen
eral, experience with the evils of the
present system, and are anxious for the
chance —that is, the reformers among
the people are. The pint crats are every
where,and the*Northera Republican plate
uses exactly the same argument in oppo
sition to it that the Southern Demo
cratic plute uses—namely, that it would
be giving too much power into the
hands of the government (by which
they mean the politicians) and we
meet them with the same argument
NUMBER 47
here as there. We say : If yon really
believe that government ownership
would give more power to the politicifKr®
that now run the government, yoca
would favor it. You don’t believe
You know that it would cut off
of the greatest sources from whk-h.
comes the corruption fund; that #
would take these greatest of ail the cor
porate influences out of politics, save
fourteen millions of dollars per yaasr
now paid by the railroads in attorney
fees, which are afterwards charged up
to the people and collected with tbe
freight rates. That is the reason the
politicians and attorneys every when?
are opposed to government ownership
the railroads.
But I must close this and go to caUii
my train. Will write again in time for
next issue of the paper. C. C. POST,.
GEORGIA WEATHER SERVICE.
Crop Bulletin by J. M. Slierier, I .
Department of Agriculture,
The weather conditions of the '
week have been somewhat diver-si
In the Northern counties of the
hot, dry weather has prevailed wath
more than the usual amount of sun
shine.
In a few localities there have bees
light showers but they were, as a rule,
very poorly distributed and insuffioieni
in amount.
The effects of these conditions on
crops has been far from encouraging;..
Cotton is particularly in need of rain.
There are numerous complaints of sh at
ding, and nearly all reports agree that it
will be very short. That portion of the
crop on gray land has sustained naw
damage than any other. There it fe
turning yellow and shedding verv
badly.
The corn crop, which, up to the present
time, has Deen uniformly reported as ii?
excellent condition, is also suffering for
the want of moisture, and in some
places it will be rather short. Early'
corn is in much better condition te
the late crop.
■ bruit is plentiful, but in some sertxw
it is of inferior quality, and there ans
many complaints of rotating and drcip
ing.
Peas, potatoes, turnips and other saimli
crops aie in good condition.
In the middle portion of the State s*
more favorable state of affairs exists.
There has been more rainfall, and thia.,
with an average amount of heat
sunshine, has proved highly beneficial t-v
all crops.
Cotton in the Western counties is gen
erally in good condition, being nroch >
better on red than gray lands, but in the
central and Eastern sections the ease
crop has stopped growing and rust aaod
shedding seem to be quite general.
the West section it is opening rapway,
picking will probably commence during
the coming week. In many portions M
the central and Eastern sections picking
is already in progress.
Throughout this entire belt corn ia jfe
fine condition and fodder-pulling fe. al
most over. In some portions of tbe
Eastern counties corn is firing, but
larger portion of the crop is far abovs;
the average. During the present sea&ca®
there has been a large increase in the
corn acreage, and from its flourishrap
condition it would seem that an enor
mous crop will be thrown upon the
market.
Fruit, which has been so plentiful io
the Western and central sections,
about gone.
Potatoes, peas, rice and all small crops
are doing well.
Reports in south-west sections are ifer?
only ones who complain of excessrve
rainfalls. Here the weather of the past
week proved very injurious to eotto®,
but it was generally favorable to al*
other crops with, perhaps, the exceptrcss
of tobacco. In many places excess! w
rains fell, which, when followed by heft
sunshine, caused cotton to shed greatly.
In other southern counties the rainfall
and temperature have been about tie
average, except in a few places, where
there has been too much rain for cot too.
Cotton in the south-west is
rapidly and picking has become generak
Complaints of rust are very numermss
this week. It is causing a prematrae
opening of the bolls and killing the
plant. The entire cotton crop will be
very short this season, and some corres
pondents state that it will not average
more than 50 per cent, of the nsoal
yield. The crop will also be short in tbe
✓other sections of the southern tier of
counties, but the prospects in the South
ern and South eastern sections are
encouraging, although there is consid
er ible shedding.
Fodder-pulling is about over and a fme
crop his been saved, and corn, though
somewhat injured by the unfavorabfe
conditions of the last few weeks, irku
still mike an average crop.
Tobacco cutting still continues, ar.vtx
wph a few exceptions the crop shows u
fair average.
Boiatoes, field and garden peas, and
the small crops, are in fine condition.
Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 16, 1892.

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