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People's party paper. [volume] (Atlanta, Ga.) 1891-1898, December 16, 1892, Image 1

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VOLUME 11.
WMRAWD.
A MODERN MOSES WHO WAS TO
LEAD THEM.
He Brought Hundreds of Them to
Starvation, and They Riddled
Him with Bullets.
Newtobt, Dec. 12.—The colored peo
ple of a portion of Jackson -and Wood
fuff Counties are excited over the dis
covery of a stupendous fraud that has
been perpetrated on them by a negro
Baptist brother Named Lightfoot.
He organized the negroes into secret
societies, claiming he was a govern
ment agent sent to prepare them to go
to Liberia. About eight hundred ne
groes joined the circle, paying the ini
tiation fees and contributing in other
ways. Friday they discovered the fraud
and demanded their money. It being
refused they tired on him, killing him
instantly.
Viewing Lightfoot’s Body.
Newport, Ark., Dec. 12.—The killing
of the negro preacher, Lightfoot, by a
mob of the men he swindled, is the only
topic discussed by the negroes of this
county. Lightfoot’s bullet- riddled body
was viewed in the field where it fell by
hundreds of his dupes, not one of whom
could be induced to touch or bury it.
From some of the members of the cir
cle it was learned that he claimed to
have been commissioned by Queen Vic
toria to lead his race back to Africa.
To others he said that the English gov-
Jtnment was going into the cotton
arming business in India, and wanted
the skilled negro cotton farmers of the
United States. The wages they would
get ’were fabulous. To those he said
that the talk of going to Africa was a
blind in order to deceive the whole peo
ple of the south.
Now that the fraud has been exposed
the negroes themselves are wondering
how they could have been deceived into
sacrificing all their lands, mules, farm
implements and everything, including
household furniture, on the advice of a
stranger. No less than one hundred
families in one section of this country
are at charity’s door. The farmers on
whose plantations they lived have made
other arrangements and will take pos
session of their homes in a few days.
The white people advised caution and
pleaded with the negroes not to place
any confidence in what Lightfoot said,
but to no avail. To the negroes Light
foot's person was sacred, for he was
their Moses sent to lead them back to
Ghe land of their forefathers.
Another Negro Swindle.
Memphis, Dec. 12.—Within the last
* two days a score of old negroes have
> crpded on United States Marshal Brown
_ I for th* pension money which theji have
j? /been Bold their is due them from the
federal government. When questioned,
they say that a man claiming to be an
agent of the United States government
has collected from them sums ranging
from 50 cents to $5 for enrolling them
on the government pension list. He
tells them that the government is pre
pared to pay through the United States
marshals pensions of s°oo to S3OO to all
ex-slaves and it is necessary to have
their names. In this way he has vic
timized hundreds of ignorant negroes
in West Tennessee. It is thought he is
W. A. Lewis, the man who is reported
to have swindled negroes in this way
throughout Arkansas, Indian Tirritory
and Southern Missouri. United States
Marshal Brown is hunting for him.
NEW MEXICO AND ARIZONA.
Their Admission May Go Over Until the
Next Congress Meets.
Washington, Dec. 12.—The Demo
crats are inclined, it is now said, to let
the question of the admission of New
Mexico and Arizona go over to the next
congress, not making any fight to pass
the bills for their admission by the sen
ate this winter. If the bill for the ad
mission of New Mexico now on the sen
ate calendar were paased, the delegate
from that territory, Mr. Joseph, would
fight it in the house because of a pro
vision contained in it that nothing but
the English language shall be taught in
in the public schools. Mr. Joseph says
that the people would not consent to
come into the Union under an act con
taining that provision. There seems to
be little probability of the senate stri
king it out under any circumstances,
and this act inclines the Democrats not
to try to admit New Mexico under this
congress. As both propositions stand
together, it is probable the course fol
lowed as to New Mexico will be follow
ed as to Arizona.
A CHANGE OF TIME.
Democrats Considering A Change of Dates
for Congress to Meet. '
Washington, Dec. 12.—1 tis not im
probable that a caucus of the Demo
cratic members of the house will be
called upon to consider the proposition
embodied in bills now before the house,
for the change of the date of the meet
ing of congress from the first Monday in
December to the first Monday after the
fourth day of March of each year.
Friday after the regular meeting of the
judiciary committee an informal con
ference was held by them, at which the
subject was considered. It is under
stood that the opinion was expressed
that although the proposed change
might be a valuable one, yet it was well
to be cautious and conservative in tak
ing such a step. The suggestion was
also made that it might be desirable to
obtain the opinion of the Democrats
generally by holdinga caucus. The sug
gestion, however, has not yet taken
practical form.
Parkhurst and Byrnes at War.
New YORK, Dec. 12.—The war against
the Parkhurst brigades assumed threat
ening proportions when the grand jury,
now sitting, brought in indictments
against Charles M. Gardner, the chief
detective in the clergyman’s employ,
charging him with extortion. Inspector
Byrnes" has openly denounced Park
hurst’s methods, and religious and sin
ful circles await the outcome with
bated interest. The . detective’s assist
ant, known as “Sunbeam,” is the next
on the list of indictment. There ara
Gardners
People’s Party Paper
Rights to A.ll Special F’rivileges to None.”
CALLED ON THE
A Committee from th6 Canal Convention
Paid Their Respects at the White House.
Washington. Dec. 13.—A committee
representing the National Nicaragua
Canal convention at the White House,
and paid their respects to the president.
There were present Hon. W. C. Con
verse of Ohio, Hon. W. C. Maybury of
Michigan, Mr. F. J. Odenthal of Louisi
ana, Mr. R. L. Edwards of New York,
Mr. Edward F. Cragin of Illinois, and
Hon. C. M. Shelly of Alabama. The
president received them cordially, and,
it is reported, took occasion to say,
among other things, in regard to the
canal: “The world calls for it. Ido
not see how anybody can find grounds
of objection. The luck of the canal re
tards the progress of the world. It is
our coast line. If we do not proceed,
England or some other power will. We
should not permit this. All parts of
this country are equally interested—it
touches all.”
Ex-Senator Warner Miller, president
of the Nicaragua Canal company, ap
peared before the senate committee on
foreign relations and told the committee
about the condition of the company’s
affairs and the canal. Mr. Miller ap
peared to aid the committee on the
preparation of a bill for the benefit of
the canal. He explained that the com
pany’s prospects were quite as good as
they were last year; if anything they
were better. It is probable that a bill
will be framed on the lines of last year’s
measures, in -which it is provided that
the United States government guar
antee $100,000,000 of bonds issued by the
company for the construction of the
enterprise.
> JOHN ROBINSON’S SHOW.
ft Will Soon Become One of the Things of
the Fast.
Cincinnati, Dec. 14.—1 n all proba
bility by next spring the John Robinson
circus will be no more.
John F. Robinson, after nearly half a
century in the business thinks the time
has come when he is entitled to a rest.
For this and other reasons he has de
cided to retire, and the chances are that
next season will see no Robinson circus
on the road.
Mr. Robinson’s wealth is variously es
timated up in the millions. Nearly a
week ago lie began to dispose of some of
the circus stock and fixtures. Ever
since he has been selling Off the circus
trappings, though he still has sufficient
circus property to fully equip several
large shows.
Mr. Robinson is the owner of a verita
ble garden of Eden on the Little Miami
road, near Milford, where he expects to
live the rest of his life in quiet and ease.
THE BEET SUGAR INDUSTRY.
Reports From the Internal Revenue De
pif-rtment Stew Decline.
Washington, Dec. 13. —Returns re
ceived by Mr. Mason, commissioner of
internal revenue, show that the beet
sugar factories have closed up for the
season. There are but six factories that
make beet sugar, and these show an in
creased production this year over last
year of more than 100 per cent. It is
estimated at the treasury department
that the production of cane sugar this
year will reach 390,000,000 pounds, an
increase of 20,000,000 pounds over last
year. To pay the bounty it will take,
according to the best estimates, $9,775,-
000. This is a considerable increase
over the amount estimated in the an
nual report of the commissioner of in
ternal revenue, which was only $8,400,-
000.
SPAIN’S NEW CABINET.
The Personnel of the Ministry Which Has
Just Been Formed.
Madrid, Dec. 13. —Senor Sagasta has
formed a new cabinet, the personnel of
which is as follows; Minister of foreign
affairs, Marquis De Armigo; minister
of finance, Senor Montero Rios; min
ister of public works, Senor Moret, min
ister of war, Senor Dominguez; minis
ter of the interior, Senor Gonzales; min
ister of the colonies, Senor Maura. The
minister of Marine is still unsettled.
The cabinet's support is composed of
moderate Republicans and Liberals.
To Fight the Whisky Advance.
Pittsburg, Dec. 13.—A meeting of
prominent Pittsburg wholesale liqor
dealers has been held here to take pre
liminary steps in a contemplated fight
against the whisky trust and its recently
ordered advance in prices. It is prob
able that an independent distilling com
pany will be organized with a large
capital, and a new distillery erected
somewhere in the west, where it will
be convenient to the grain which will
be needed.
The meeting reached no definite con
clusion, and another -will be held in a
day or two.
Kailroad Lands Recovered.
Washington, Dec. 12. —Secretary
Noble has accepted the reconveyance to
the United States by the St. Paul, Min
neapolis and Manitoba Railroad com
pany of 45,000 acres of land in Red
River Valley in North Dakota under
the act of August 5, 1892, and has
issued instructions authorizing the rail
road company to make indemnity selec
tions therefor of non-mineral unoccu
pied lands, in the states of Minnesota,
North and South Dakota, Montana and
Idaho.
A Tiger for Tammany.
Paris, Dec. 12.—There passed through
Paris a Christmas gift for Richard
Croker, the Tammany chief. The
package was twelve feet long, four feet
wide and four feet high, and contained
a tiger eleven feet long. The animal was
wrapped in the stars and stripes, and
had a tail six feet in length. It was
sent by admiring Democratic friends
living in Flemingsburg, this state. The
tiger will travel in a freight car, his
cage being too large to go by express.
Mr. Blaine's Religion.
New York, Dec. 13.—The Times’
Washington special says Father Dancey
of New York, who was in Washington
Sunday, which revived the rumors con
cerning Mr. Blaine’s religious views. It
was the talk at the hotels Sunday night
that Blaine would join the Cotholio
ATLANTA, GA., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1892.
SMITH IS GUILTY*,
He Was Held Guilty of Two Counts by the
Cincinnati Presbytery.
Cincinnati, Dec. 14. The presby
tery in secret session at the First Pres
byterian church, considering the second
and third charges and specifications
against Professor Smith, have voted.
On the second charge the vote stood
thirty-eight to twenty against the pro
fessor and on the third, thirty-two to
twenty-six against him. The vote on
£he first charge favored Smith. A com
mittee consisting of Drs. James Ritchie,
Maxwell and Eders and Sproull and
Eudaly, three majority and two minor
ity members, was appointed to fix the
penalty and report to the presbytery.
The second and third charges on
which Smith was found guilty pertain
to his views on inspiration. The second
charge was that he taught contrary to
the fundamental doctrine of the word
of God and of the Confession of Faith,
that the Holy Spirit did not so control
the inspiration of writers in their com
position of the holy scriptures as to
make their utterances absolutely truth
ful and free from error when interpret
ed in their natural and intended sense.
The third charge accused him of teach
ing against the inspiration of the scrip
tures themselves. In view of the close
vote, it is surmised that the penalty of
ex-communication will not be recom
mended, possibly not even more than an
admonition.
A DEFECTIVE CHARTER.
It Is ClaiuMJd That the Georgia, Southern
and Florida Has One.
Macon, Dec. 10.—The question has
been raised as to the validity of the
charter under which the Georgia,
Southern and Florida railroad is oper
ated. The affairs of thie company have
occupied the attention of the court for
nearly two years, and the road is now
in the hands of a receiver. The bond
holders, whose majority interest is repre
sented by their Mercantile Trust and
Loan company, of Baltimore, have en
deavored to foreclose the mortgages and
have the road sold.
This action has been stoutly resisted
by the Macon Construction company,
Which is trying to prevent the sale of
the road. The latter holds SIOO,OOO of
common stock as assets, and thinks if
the road is sold this stock will be ren
dered valueless. Whereas, if not sold
at this time, they will be able to release
from the assets about $£,000,000. The
question as to the validity of the char
ter will delay proceedings until that
matter is heard by the court.
A NEWS SERVICE
The United Ih-esa Is Reported to /Have
Scooped the Associated. 4
• Atlanta, Pec. 12.-—A Special * from
Washington to The Journal says:
The United Press has completed the
process begun some time ago of swal
lowing the Associated Press. Its com
plete ascendency has just been reached.
It has issued orders to the employes of
the Associated Press that their services
will be dispensed with after thirty days.
The limit is given them in which to
make new business arrangements.
A good many of them will probably
be employed by the United Press in its
enlarged capacity. Both press associa
tions decline to discuss the matter. The
United people don’t deny the truth of
the report, but they prefer that the
other side shall give out the news.
The other side are still less inclined
to talk. I have fust heard one of their
subs remark that in thirty days they
will have to be out of their commodious
quarters in the Corcoran building, and
if they don't lose their jobs they will at
least change bosses.
SINCE SILVER FELL.
Reports of a Serious Nature from the
Mining Regions.
Denver, Dec. 10. —Since silv&r fell so
low the mines are constantly closing.
Almost every day report is received of
some property, large or small, discharg
ing men. Hundreds of mines are not
being worked. Many are small, and
their output would cut no great figure.
But the aggregate of persons thrown
out of employment is large enough to
exercise a material influence on the
general condition of trade. Colorado
would be on the verge of disaster, were
it not that its resources, other than the
precious metals, have been developed
rapidly during the last six or eight
years.
AT ANY MOMENT
Germany May Expect to Have to Go to
Wai —Readiness Demanded.
Berlin, Dec. 12.—The army bill has
been introduced in the reichstag. Gen
eral Von Kalterborn Stachan, the minis
ter of war, spoke earnestly in its sup
port. He declares Germany must be
prepared to enter at any moment into a
final war which will dwarf all preced
ing wars in the magnitude of forces en
gaged and of issues to be decided. It is
imperative that every man in Germany
be able to bear arms, and should be
ready to respond when called upon.
The Pan-American Coffee Company,
AUSTIN, Tex., Dec. 12. A novel
charter was filed in the office of the sec
retary of State. The capital stock is
$.500,000, and the incorporators are Jas.
P. Cruger of the state of New York,
and B. R. Thompson, W. C. Rigsby, J.
S. Irvine and Thomas R. Jacombs, all
of San Antonio. Tex., where the head
quarters of the company will be. The
object is to engage in the preparation
and manufacture into articles of food of
the beans growing on the mesquite tree,
Which reaches a height of 8 to 12 feet,
and is spread all over the prairies of
western Texas from the Colorado river
westward. The name of the corpora
tion is the Pan-American Coffee com
pany.
About to Kill Big Liz.
Columbus, Dec. 14.—“ Big Liz” Car
ter, the Cincinnati murderess, is still
very ill as a result of her long fast. She
has required the attention of a physi
cian all day, and her condition is re
garded as quite serious. As yet it has
been next to impossible for her to re
tain eveii the most delicate food on her
stamitflu / ‘ v -
AT TMNNffI.
CLEVELAND ENTERTAINED BY
THE REFORM CLUB.
Speaker Crisp Was Disappointed,
and Left the Place with His
Feelings Hurt.
New York, Dec. 13.—At the dinner
which was tendered by the Reform club
of New York to President elect Cleve
land Saturday night in Madison Square
Garden, a number of the leading states
men of the Democratic party, and of
the nation for that matter spoke,
and they spoke well and to the point.
They said brilliant things in a brilliant
way, and gave wise counsel, and the
people who crowded in the boxes and
the galleries were greatly pleased, judg
ing by their approval in the way of vig
orous applause.
The statesmen and patriots who spoke
aside from President Cleveland, were:
Carl Schurz, Senator Roger Q. Mills of
Texas, ex-Governor James E. Campbell
of Ohio, Hon. E. Ellery Anderson and
General Patrie Collins of Massachusetts
and Congressman Thomas Johnson of
Ohio.
The Hon. William R. Morrison of
Illinois was to have made an address,
but death in his family prevented his
attendance.
A notable feature of the dinner was
the number of out-of-town statesmen
present. Almost every, if not every,
state was represented. At least one
third of the 575 who sat down at the
dinner were from out of the city.
The speaker’s table was on the plat
form of the hall, so that only the diners
but the people in the boxes and galleries
had no difficulty in seeing and hearing
the speakers and speeches. Fourteen
other tables were arranged on the floors
in rows seven wide and two deep, the
eight aisles extending lengthwise of the
hall. At each table were seated 37 per
sons. An additional table was placed
in the assembly room, at which 20 mem
bers of the dub sat. There were no
toasts on the menu cards. The presid
ing officer announced the speakers.
Many well known Democrats and
tariff reformers discussed the choice
menu at the same table with Mr. Cleve
land. These were: Thomas Johnson,
William L. Wilson, Benton McMillan,
of Tennessee, General P. A. Collins, of
Massachusetts, Roger Q. Mills, of Texas,
Charles S. Fairchild, Senator J. G.
Carlisle, W. F. Harrity, Frederick R.
Coudert, James E. Campbell, Carl
Schurz. Senator Gray, of Delaware, and
L. B. Morris, governor of Connecticut.
Others present w •.<•»: Ch,as. H. Jones, of
Missouri. CoijVv .sh'.pci Bynum and
< J > ? T swald
Otteuuorlcl .terry ;VJliara, Horace-
White, Hen?,- George, Everett P.
Wheeler and Isadore Storms.
The banquet began at 7 o’clock sharp.
Prior to that time Mr. Cleveland held a
reception in the ante-chamber of the
banqueting hall and the orchestra played
a march, to the strains of which Mr.
Cleveland headed the procession of
guests to the banqueting hall, escorted
by Mr. E. Ellery Anderson.
The speech that was looked forward
to upon this occasion with more interest
than any othei- was, of course, that of
President-elect Cleveland.
To many, it was a disappointment;
not because of any lack of patriotic sen
timent but, rather, the absence of any
amwuncement of any line of policy that
would be pursued by the new adminis
tration.
Mr. Cleveland not only avoided the
announcement of any new policy, but
did not refer to any of the great’ ques
tions of the day. other than in a general
way. He referred to the great victory
of the Democratic party as an evidence
that the people of the nation could be
trusted to govern themselves.
He said:
If it has seemed to those striving for
better public sentiment that the disposi
tion was growing among our people to
regard their government as a depository
of individual benefits, to be importuned
and threatened and despoiled, let them
take heart from the evidences now before
our eyes that there is still abroad in the
land a controlling belief that our govern
ment should be a source of just and ben
eficent rule, proudly supported by free
men, protected by their care and wathful
fulness, and returning to all our people
with equal hand the safety and happiness
it holds in store for them. If we have
learned that an appeal to the patriotism
of our countrymen and the honest pre
sentation and political principles to their
intelligence aud judgment are not in vain,
the thought must not escape us that
while our people will in the end repay
with their support the political party
which addresses their understanding and
reason, instead of broad prejudices and
selfish interests, they will surely revenge
themselves upon those who deceive or be
tray them. The national Democracy and
its allies in political principle rejoice over
the defeat of those whose fate is full of
instruction and warning. While we find
in our triumph a result of popular intelli
gence which we have aroused and a con
sequence of popular vigilance which we
have stimulated, let us not for a moment
forget that our accession to power will
find neither this intelligence nor this vig
ilance dead or slumbering. We are thus
brought face to face with the reflection
that if we are not to be tormented by the
spirits which we have called up, we must
hear, above victorious abouts, the call of
our fellow countrymen to public duty,
and must put on a garb befitting public
servants. The sentiment suggested by
this occasion which should dwarf all oth
ers has relation to the responsibility which
awaits those who now rejoice in victory.
If we redeem the promises we have made
to the voters or our land, the difficulty
of our task can hardly be exaggerated.
Conditions involving most important in
terests must be reviewed, and perplexing
problems menacing our safety must be
settled. Above all, and as the ultimate
object of all we do,the rights and the wel
fare of our people in every condition in
life must be placed Upon a more equal
plane of opportunity and advantage. I
am confident the wisdom of the Demo
cratic party will be equal to the emergen
cy, and I base my confidence upon the be
lief that it will be patriotically true to its
principles and traditions, and will follow
in the path marked out by true American
sentiment.
Mr. Cleveland closes by warning the
party against the heedless disregard of
the wants and welfare of any section,
the mission of the party -being in the
line of reform, all sections should be
regarded with the same degree of con
sideration; not forgetting that economy
is no disgrace and the government owed
it to the people to administer affairs
with that spirit of frugality and econ
omy in which the government was
founded. The cultivation of such a
sentiment bouK ' ‘Bofe Oaly a high., duty*.
but absolutely necessary to the con
sumation of the reforms we enter upon.”
A LITTLE FRICTION.
Mr. Crisp Was Left Off the Program as a
Speaker—A Disappointment.
New York. Dec. 13.—Among the
diners at the guest tables was Charles
F. Crisp of Georgia, speaker of the
house of representatives. It had been
expected by a good many of those
present that Mr. Crisp would be one of
the speakers, although his name did not
appear on the printed program. Late
in the evening it was noticed that Mr.
Crisp had disappeared. It was reported
that he had been taken ill, but when ex-
Secretary Fairchild was asked for an
explanation of Mr. Crisp's withdrawal
and failure to make an address, he said
very frankly that the gentleman from
Georgia had not spoken because he had
not been invited to speak.
“There were so many Democrats of
prominence.” added Mr. Fairchild, “that
we could not let them all speak, so we
had to limit the number of speakers.”
Speaker Crisp was seen by a reporter
as he was leaving.
“Are you not going to speak?” lie was
asked.
“No,” he said.
“What is the reason? Are you ill?”
“I have not been invited to speak.”
Responding to the comment that the
newspapers of the country had copies of
the speech which he had prepared to
deliver at this dinner, he said:
“That is true. I was invited to the
dinner, and my invitation was such
that I understood that I was to be called
upon to make an address. I prepared
one and gave it to the press at their re
quest. The press also seems to have
thought that I was to be called upon to
speak. However, I have not been
asked to speak tonight.”
Mr, Crisp then excused himself and
left the hall.
An Engineer’s Singular Death'.
Wilmington, Dec. 14.—Benjamin
Strickland, an engineer on the Wash
ington express on the Philadelphia,
Wilmington and Baltimore road, was
injured between Landlithe and this
city while the train was running at full
speed. Shortly after the train left Land
lithe, a few miles from this city, the
fireman in the cab noticed the engineer
hanging party out of the cab window.
He touched Strickland and spoke to
him. The engineer did not reply. He
was found to be unconscious with the
left side of his head badly cut. The
fireman took charge of the locomotive
and ran the train slowly into the city.
It is supposed that Strickland was
struck by a passing train or projection.
He was removed to the hospital, where
he died in a few hours.
SINGLE GOLD STANDARD.
How It Increases the Burdens and Pri
vations of Wealth Producers.
Th<J Iron Age places the entire nation
al, state, county, municipal and other
public indebtedness, together with all
private debts, at $27,969,247,049. To say
that the total amount will now reach
$30,000,000,000 is not far out of the way.
The annual interest on this sum at 4
per cent., which is a low estimate,
amounts to $1,200,000,000, which must
be paid each year from the products of
labor.
The payment of this vast sum becomes
more oppressive from the fact that a
portion of the public indebtedness is
payable only in gold, and also a portion
of the private debts, as money lenders
now demand a gold clause in their mort
gages. The effect of this is to create a
great demand for gold, which has re
sulted in making its market value reach
as high as 25 pet cent, premium above
the average value of labor’s products,
which are measured by silver, the money
of the world.
Therefore to pay this annual interest
of $1,200,000,000 under a gold standard
of payment the farmer must sell 25 per
cent, more of his products, and the wage
earner must give 25 per cent, more days
of labor to make up this extra premium
to get the gold. This premium on
$1,200,000,000 of annual interest amounts
to $300,000,000, which added to the an
nual interest makes a total $1,500,000,000
to be raised from labor each year; and,
further, when the principal of $30,000,-
000,000 is paid, the 25 per cent, must be
added, making it $37,500,000,000.
These destructive effects upon all pro
ducers in debt arise from the demone
tization of silver in 1873, when the legal
tender quality of silver was destroyed,
and the government stopped its coinage,
which is the present case under the sil
ver bill passed in 1890. At that time
gold was also made the only unit of
value, a quality that silver had enjoyed
for eighty-one years.
We have shown that this gold pre
mium of 25 per cent, has been added to
all gold bearing Obligations. But they
will tell us that the gold bearing obliga
tions form but a small part of the SBO,-
000,000,000; yet, notwithstanding they
are not all payable in gold, the debtor
has to pay this difference on every dol
lar of the $30,000,000,000 for the reason
that he has to sell his products, or his
day’s labor, on a silver basis, which is
today sixty-five cents on the dollar, that
being the present price of silver bullion.
Silver is the money of the world; hence
all products are sold on a silver basis,
while our debts are largely paid out on
a gold basis. To show this, out of a
total population of the world of about
1,400.000.000 only 90,000,000, or about
one-fifteenth, live in countries where
gold alone is' legal tender; 188,000,000,
Or about one-seventh, live where gold
and silver are both legal tender, while
the balance, or over three-fourths, use
silver alone.
Hence it follows that, while the
debtor classes of the world must sell
their products on a silver basis —the
price of silver bullion and all other
products being the same —the creditor
or bondholding classes have succeeded,
in large bondholding governments, in
making debts payable on a gold stand
ard of payment, which is 35 per cent,
above the present price of silver and all
products. They have done this by
abolishing the free and unlimited coin
age of silver, thereby placing capital
above labor.—Melinda Sissins in Na
tional Economist-
NUMBER 12
TERSELY TELEGRAPHIC.
News Items That Flash Owe* the WLrei
from All Points*
A fatal epidemic of diphtheria
ing southern Indiana.
The Whittier homestead has been deed-*
ed to the city of HaterhiJb Mass. F as a
perpetual memorial to the poet.
Kansas Democratic editors are organis
ing to secure their share Os the patronage
under the Cleveland administration.
A bold scheme is afloat by capitalists ta
obtain, by jugglery with the Indians, con>
trol of the gold lands in the Indian terri
tory.
The stories of the wonderful cures par?
formed by the “miracle window” of the
Catholic church at Canton, Minn., are
denied.
G. A. R. veterans objept to Mexican
war dates being put on the soldiers’ mon
.ument at Indianapolis, and threaten to
sue for the $21,000 they gave.
Oklahoma has a gold fever. The dis
covery is in forbidden Indian lands, but
that fact is not restraining the boomers.
Who have all suddenly turned gold pros
pectors.
Miss Pauline, daughter of ex-Secretary
William C. Whitnev, made her formal
entrance into New York society at a re
ception given by her parents.
John Diamond and his son, William,
went coon hunting near Denison, Tex.
The coon is still at large, and the Dia
monds are in bed, the elder with a
“chawed” leg, and the younger with a
broken leg and an eye gone.
Typhoid fever of the most malignant
type is raging in the vicinity of San Luis
Potosi, Mex.. and throughout the state in
the small towns. There have been sev
eral hundred deaths in the last three
weeks. The epidemic is attributed to the
severe drought of four years.
Frank Christian, one of the best known
insurance men in Chicago, has begun two
sensational suits iu the superior court.
One was a bill for a divorce from his
young wife. Marguerite, and the other
was a suit for $50,000 damages against Ed
ward Pious, the candy merchant, whom
he charges with alienating the affections
of his wife.
The secret sealing commission has been
at San Francisco gathering evidence to be
used for the Canadian and English side of
the Behring sea controversy. The com
mission consisted of Messrs. Sherwood
and McPherson, who were appointed by
the premier of Canada. They have col
lected evidence from a large number of
men engaged in seal poaching as well as
in legitimate sealing.
At Chicago, Charles Chanter, botanist,
who was engaged in the horticultural de
partment of the World’s Fair, met with a
frightful death in Masonic temple. He
fell from the fifteenth story to the base
ment, his body being mangled almost be
yond recognition. Mr. Chanter attempted
to alight at the fourteenth floor just as
the elevator started upward, and fell be
fore the cage could be stopped.
Mamie Sweet, aged 12 years, daughter
of the head waiter at the Wyoming house,
Scanton, Pa., leaped from the seventh
story window at her home, to escape pun
ishment for having wrongfully delivered
a package to her mother. She fell 125
feet and suffered no injury other than a
dislocated shoulder and a severe cut on
the leg. There is no appearance of a'ay
internal injury. She will recover.
Famous Women.
Minnie Hauk is a member of the advis
visory council of music of the Chicago ex
position.
Mrs. Oscar Wilde will probably accom
pany her husband on his approaching
visit to this country.
The empress of Austria has solved the
servant girl problem. She does her own
cooking, or, at least, superintends it.
Ida Lewis, the lighthouse heroine, still
cares for the Lime Rock lighthouse off
Rewport, R. 1., where she lives alone.
Modjeska, the actress, converses in sev
eral languages, and is much interested in
making a collection of works of the Eliza
bethan age.
Miss Louisa McDonald, who has been
elected principal of the University Col
lege for Women, at Sydney, New South
Wales, is 33 years old.
It is understood that Mrs. Lease has
given the solemn pledge that in the event
of her election to succeed Mr. Perkins.she
will not introduce tidies into the United
States senate.
An Indianapolis woman suggests that
the head of Airs. Potter Palmer, president
of the board of lady managers of the
World’s Fair, shoulu adorn the silver dol
lars to be coined during exposition year.
It is said that Mme. Carnot, wife of the
French president, fills the post of private
secretary, and during his absence at any
time can transact ordinary affairs with a
perfect knowledge of business routine.
Miss Gertrude I. Barrett, daughter of
Rev. B. F. Barrett, of Philadelphia, has
been made general manager of the Swe
denborg Publishing association, since the
death of her father, who was for many
years president of the association.
Air. Foxhall Keene, of New York, fa
mous as a player of polo, football and
lawn tennis, and as one of Harvard’s fore
most sporting graduates, has announced
Ids engagement to marry Mrs. Frank
Worth White, the widowed and wealthy
daughter of Mr. Frederick Lawrence, a
gentleman well known in Wall street and
social circles.
Mrs. Lavina Fillmore, of Clarence, N.
Y., a cousin of Millard Fillmore, recently
celebrated her one hundred and fifth
birthday. She was born in Connecticut,
but has lived in New York the greater
part of her long life. She has never seen
the telegraph or telephone in operation,
and never been on a railroad train or ex
pressed any desire to do so.
Miss Sophonisba Breckinridge, daugh
ter of the Kentucky congressman, has re
cently been admitted to the bar. During
her two years’ absence in Europe she de
voted herself to the study of law in prep
aration for this step. Miss Susan B. An
thony is credited with having first ex
cited the ambitious of Miss Breckinridge
to undertake a professional career.
Foreign Notes.
Russia’s peasants are again starving,
crops having failed.
The French legislature has adopted a
vote of confidence ip the new ministry.
The Monetary conference, at Brussels,
listened to an able address by Professor
Andrews as to America’s future moneta
ry policy.
The Spanish government will ask the
coming chambers for a credit of 75d,uJO
Pesetas for representation at the Chicago
World’s Fair.
The Duke of Edinburgh will vacate his
post of naval commander-in-chief at Da
venport in August next, and will thence
forth permanently reside at Cobourg.
The London Post says the report of
Emin Pasha’s death has been received
there. According to the report Emid was
killed last March near Ituri river by
Manyemean.
The Inman Line Steamship company
deny the report that, they will* withdraw
all steamers froifi the transatlantic trade
at present, owing to unfavorable emigra
tion agitation in the United States.
The British steamer Heliops, Cantain
Davis, from Mobile, Nov. 12, for Liver
pool. put into St. Michaels with one-third
of her cargo in the after-decks hold on
fire. The fire had been burning for a
week, and the cargo was much damaged.

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