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People's party paper. [volume] (Atlanta, Ga.) 1891-1898, September 20, 1895, Image 1

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The Peoples Party Paper
VOLUME V.
AN HONEST ELECTION
OR THE COTTON RAISERS
WILL ABANDON
AUGUSTA AS A MARKET.
Democratic Registrars Can Re
deem the Honor of the City.
Will They Do It?
In addition to the letters published
in these columns last week from far
mers who have heretofore shipped
their cotton to Augusta and traded
with the merchants of that city, we
publish a few more.
These men have an interest in Nat
ional affairs. They have elected Hon.
Thos. E. Watson as their Representa
tive in the Nation’s council, and the
politicians of Augusta have brazenly
stolen the seaton two occasions. They
denied the charge of larceny in 1892,
took the stolen seat and the emolu
ments thereof, and refused the defraud
ed party the right of a hearing be fore
the American people. In 1894 the far
mers, and laborers of the district re
elected Mr. Watson, but the city of
Augusta, with 42,000 inhabitants, un
der the political management of Mr.
Boykin Wright, overcame Mr. Wat
son’s majorites in nine out of the eleven
counties composing the district by
casting 18,000 ballots.
The nine counties which gave Mr.
Watson majorities contained over 103,-
000 inhabitants, while the two counties
which gave i> ajorities for his opponent
contained less than 03,1 CO inhabitants.
Even in Richmond county, Mr. Watson
carried.every Militia district and one
wardin the city of Augusta, while Mr.
Black carried only four city wards ! I I
This steal was so gigantic in magni
tude that no “mantle of silence” could
cover its loathsome nakedness, and no
ordinary stomach could contain the
dose.
To avoid exposure before the Amer
ican people in the 1/a.lp of Congress,
Mr. Black asked Mr. Watson not to
contest his seat and he would surrender
the stolen commission. Mr. Watson
assented to this request. Hence the
special election which is to occur in
that district on the 2nd. of October.
Mr. Watson’s friends were averse to
such action on his part, because they
feared the thieves who stole the elec
tion from them in ’92 and ’94 would
steal it again if given an opportunity.
The unblushing frauds practiced in
that city during the registration days
just closed, evidences that the thieves
have not repented.
The farmers are tired of chunking
grass at the thief in the apple tree.
They now propose to use more effective
material iu enforcing their rights.
They know it is in the power of the
substantial citizens of Augusta to rem
edy the evil complained of. They know
that the mercantile interest of Augusta
can force the Registrars to strike every
illegal voter's name from the list. The
Democratic Party has a majority of
Registrars on each board. They can
do it 1 Will they do it ?
Every interest of society demands
that it should be done.
Every interest of Augusta demands
that it should be done
Every interest in Georgia demands
that it be done.
What was the sense in Mr. Black re
signing a fraudulent commission to
pick up another equally fraudulent in
less than six month’s thereafter?
Where is the man so base who would
not defend his political rights when
trampled upon as has been done by
the ward heelers of Augusta ?
He will not be found in the ranks of
the Populists in the Tenth Congression
al District.
These farmers ask fair and honest
treatment of their elective rights.
They are entitled to it, and it will be a
sad day for Augusta’s prosperity if her
honest citizens do not exert their in
fluence against the dishonest methods
recently practiced.
Grange, Ga„ Sept. 4th, 1595.
Mr. James Barrett, Augusta, Ga.
Dear Sir:—-Yours received and noted.
Black’s speech indicates nothing but
what I have been aware of all the time.
My position, I think, is too well known
on the subject mentioned to repeat.
As you remember, I advocated this
strongly some time ago and well do you
remember how the papers jumped on
me, most especially the Tribune, and
admonished and pleaded to give them
another chance. My reply was then
and is yet, that it would wake up on
the morning after the election a wiser
but a sadder man. I have another piece
for the paper this week, setting forth
my views very clearly if they will pub
lish it The people are ripe for the
fray, not only in the Tenth district,
but our friends of all other counties in
“ TSgjxjlgil to All Special F’x'lvilege» to None.”
the state, and ihey are anxious to join
in with us to crush the financial life
out of Augusta. The people never
were in better shape for it, with an
abundant corn crop and meat supply,
with small debts contracted for this
year. Our people are ready. 1 look
upon this as a means of last resort, but
my honest opinion is that we have ex
hausted the last remedy except this
and the spilling of blood. Our people
are only waiting the command, every
thing that holds them back is the earn
est solicitations of Mr. Watson, and I,
for one, with thousands of others in
Georgia have come to the conclusion
that it is time to act regardless of his
admonitions. Now this, I think, only
shows you my stand as before given,
and in my humble judgment, the only
remedy left for us. The only regret I
have is that we have waited so long. I
know my- friend Logue, and some oth
ers, together with the People’s Party
Paper and the Tribune will say’ wait
until after the election, but then it
will be too late to remedy the evil—it
would crush Augusta, but would not
give us the congressman. Hoping this
forever sets,at rest your opinion as to
my position, I am Yours Truly,
Wm. Walden -
Sharon, Ga., Sept. 4th, 1895.
James Barrett Esq., Chairman Ex.
Com. I*. P. 10th dist.
My Dear Sir : —I received your letter
Monday last, would have answered
sooner, but the county committee was
called to meet Tuesday and I wish to
consult with them before writing you.
I got the committee to agree to call a
mass meeting at 9 o’clock on the 10th
to pass resolutions in regard to Augus
ta’s fraudulent schemes.
My people are outspoken in their de
termination so far as they are able to
let Augusta severly alone to far as
trade is concerned, unless we are given
a fair election.
My own views are that the best way
to manage Augusta is to manage our
merchants here at home, and I think
we can do that in Taliaferro county.
If all the counties in the 10th district
would call their people together and
act publicly in condemnation of such
schemes as practiced by those rascals
in Augusta, I do believe it would have
a teuclc-iey to cheek it quicker than
anything else. Our county will act
next Tuesday, and 1 hope others will
follow. I wonder if the Augusta mer
chants are aware of the fact that other
cities are now sending out agents
among the people in the 10th district
soliciting their trade; and I can tell
you the people are seriously consider
ing the matter; they do not wish to
leave Augusta, where they have al
ways traded, but her merchants are al
lowing those ballot box stutters to
drive her trade off, and other cities are
taking advantage of it. Os course all
of our people are not exactly so situa
ted as to be independent in their trade,
but there wJI be enough who can trade
independently that will certainlp trade
with their friends. They can call it
boycot, if they choose, or anything
else, but let me tell you my dear Colonel
it’s going to be done if we can rely
upon what honest people say.
1 have never heard sb much talk
among the people concerning the fraud
ulent methods used to defeat the wishes
of honest voters.
Mr. Black was in our town one day
last week, in close touch with the dem
ocratic “registrar” of this county, I
do not know what he was up to ; but I
know, or at least, am satisfied many
votes he got iu this county at the last
election he will not get this time,
while Mr. Watson has lost none. We
are very busy endeavoring to get our
men registered by the 11th. Many of
the colored voters have failed to pay
their taxes and consequently will be
left out, but I think our majority will
be equal to ’94, as many of the demo
crats are taking no interest whatever.
I hope the good people of your city
will take some steps that will check
Boykin Wright and his elan in their
diabolical work. Yours Truly,
J. A, Woodall.
The merchants of Augusta are afraid
of Boykin Wright and “his list,” and
aare not act. What is the matter with
the churches that they don’t call their
congregations together and protect
themselves by protecting the sanctity
of the ballot box, upon which religions
liberty rests. It is not a fight between
Populists and Democrats in Augusta. It
is fair methods and honest election
against machine rottenness and rob
bery. Me,
It Cured Them All.
Mr. Henry Shira, Girard, Ala., says :
“Two years ago I had a severe case of
Grippe and could not recover from its
effects. About a year ago 1 tried King’s
Royal Germetuer and was soon well.
It also cured me of bowel trouble,
which I had for four years, ami 1 find
it to be a quick cure for headache. It
cured my wife of Grippe also, and she
says it is the best thing she can get for
Asthma and Vertigo. I heartily rec
ommend it as a good family medicine.”
New package; large bottle, JIOB doses,
sl. For sale by Druggist 10
ATLANTA, GA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1895.
McGREGOB-ISMS.
If Charles F. Crisp wants Wm. C.
Whitney for President, the Ishmaelite
doesn't want Charles F. Jrisp for any
thing. No sincere friend of financial
reform can favor a mere creature of
the money ring for an office which will
enable him to perpetuate the present
infamous financial system.—Sparta
Ishmaelite.
How about your advocacy of Major
Black who voted to kill the only law
which recognized silver as a part of the
circu ating currency in 1893, and was
nominated by a Cleveland-Whitney-
Crisp gold bug, at the Crawfordville
convention in ’95 ?
If Mr. Black’s votes in congress were
not “creatures of the money ring’’ they
have no parentage.
* * *
The Ishmaelite wants “a victory for
Mr. Black which will leave no incurable
wounds.” Then give the Populists
equal representation at each polling
precinct in Hancock county, on the day,
of election ; allow 7 every citizen to de
posit his ballot without threats, intim
idation or violence ; refuse the election
managers at Sparta the privilege of
“dining the ballot-box in a room from
which all Populist are excluded : allow
the votes counted as gcast, when the
consolidated returns are made up, and
if the Pops are defeated they will taxe
it cheerfully and contentedly. Other
wise, they wont I
* * *
The Missouri World says: Speaker
Crisp, a silver democrat, has been in
terviewed. So has Hoke Smith, a gold
bug democrat. Both are prominent
Georgians, and both favor Standard-
Oil-Goldbug-Whitney for President in
’96. It is such men as these that con
trol nominating conventions, too.
* * *
In the congressional election in No
vember 1894 Richmond county polled
18,000 votes and the managers counted
15,000 of them, making Mr. Black win
ner by 7,373 majority. The registra
tion just closed foots up 7,400 voters.
Now’ you know why Major Black re
signed.
* * *
A city that voted 18,000 ballots oqs of,
a registry of 7»4Cft voters, nf
which were not 21 years old in’ 1894,
should add “sack cloth and ashes” to
the “mantle of silence.” What kind of
a title bad Major Black to resign ?
* * *
The mills of the gods grind slow but
sure. The addition of 1200 21 year old
negroes to the registration list recently
closed in Augusta is illustrative of
“white supremacy” as practiced by
Georgia Democrats.
* ° *
Os the 7,400 voters registered in Au
gusta 50 per cent are negroes, and 1200
of these were born in 1874—just 21
years ago I Who is responsible for the
perjury many of these poor negro boys
committed?’ Major Black, Boykin
Wright, or both ? Looks like the Chris
tian gentleman will have to sail out of
the ash again and re-import Ham,
Shem, and Jepthat and manufacture
more “mantles of oblivion.”
* * *
In one ward in Augusta 242 negroes
registered as just “21 years ot age.”
The total white and black, registered
in this ward in the hotest campaigns
heretofore has never been higher than
295. More kiver, please, Bro Black.
* * *
In the past seven years the American
congress has voted over 817,000,000 for
the maintenance of the Catholic schools
among the Indians. In some, if not
all, of these schools the Protestant
Bible, and the English language is
forbidden! It is said Major Black
voted that way. More kiver, if you
please.
* * *
The entire total registration of all
colors in the 123 district Augusta is
500. Two hundred and *forty-two are
registered as just “21 years old*’ and
fifty as “22 years old !” Getting rather
warm. for kiver, now I
■ R, ** *
7,400 to. £ registration in Richmond:
1200 are negroes under 21—that couldn’t
vote in the election in ’94. 1200 from
7,400 leaves 6,200 votes. Where did Mr.
Black get his 7,373 majority fiom in
’94 ?
* * *
The democratic papers of Augusta
give the total registration in Richmond
county as 7,400. It is claimed, that
7,500 of these are negroes. The United
States census of 1890 says Richmond
county had 5,112 white males voting
age. It thus appears that a little less
than 50 per cent of the white voters of
that county refused to qualify for the
present election. Whai does the fail
ure of these fellow citizens of Major
Black to register mean ? Are they
dissatisfied with his record in Congress?
Are thej- displeased because he voted
for the sale of whiskey in face of the
praying women of Augusta in the Pro
hibition campaign? Or is it a protest
against the k cuningly devised staddle
concocted by the platform committee 1
at the nominating convention at Craw
fordville ? It is a shame for a few de
signi. g politicians to force upon a par
ty a candidate whose record and acts
prohibit near 50 per cent of bis white
fellow citizens from exercising the
right of franchise. But it appears from
the result of the registration that is
exactly what the politicians did when
they nominated Major Black. Come
down. Major.
* * *
Can Major Black tell what he did
with the fiag Boykin Wright, Sonny
Collins, Dan Bowles and Billy Atkin
son placed in his hands in 1894 ? «
* * *
Having surrendered the Hag, and
run out of the fight, the respectable
democrat has abandoned such a leader.
His following is composed principally
of Boykin Wright, and “21 year old
negroes.”
* * *
When questioned, at the joint debate
in Sandersville, Major Black acknowl
edged he voted for the sale of whiskey
in the prohibition e ection in Augusta
anil announced that he would do so
again. Brave, conscientious gentle
man. Having laid down a congression
al commission because it was stained
with fraud, how can he remain a can
didate when 33 X per cent of the men
registered to vote for him in his own
county are negroes just "21 years of
age,” and near 50 per cent of the white
voters refuse to qualify in his interest.
If conscience is not asleep he’ll quit
the race in less than 10 days.
* * *
It is the “nigger party” has been
frequently charged against the Popu
lists by the Augusta Democrats. If you
eliminate the “21 year old negroes”
fro : your Augusta registration list you
won’t have enough democrats left in
the Democratic Party to form a color
guard for the flag which the Major
“trampled under his unhallowed feet.”
* * *
If Major Black receives 3,000 votes in
Richmond county nearly half of them
will he “negroes 21 years old.” Where
is your “white supremacy” Brother
Wright
■ - -.h ■? * » i
, the heelers wotild.push
a “ill yhar old negro” up to the Regis
trar, m Augusta and have his name
entered he would announce: “Anoth
er A. P A. vote killed.” “White Su
premacy” has lost its charm for the
present in Augusta, why ?
-- * *
Rev. W. W. Wadsworth says that
elections in Augusta are not only rot
ten but farces. He presented his ticket
to the managers, and they deliberately
substituted another for it, and refused
to put the cne he voted into the ballot
box. Mr. Wadsworth is not a Populist
and the Augusta democratic papers
will not say he is a liar !
* * *
He saw them vote the same negro as
many as three times. Who will say
Mr. Wadsworth is telling a lie. Broth
er Bayne, of the Herald, is not afraid
to tackle Mr. W. Try him on this I
* * #
If Major Black talked Prohibition
and then voted for the sale of whisky,
who can say he will, if elected, vote as
he talks ?
« * *
"Miserable, hypocritical, pretenders,”
who? Why those 1290 legroes who
claimed they were all born between
January and October in the year 1874.
* * *
In whose interest did these “misera
ble, hypocritical, pretenders” perjure
themselves? Hon. J. C. C. Black, the
Christian statesman, who surrendered
the democratic flag because it was
tainted—just tainted, you know—with
fraud.
* ' *
Boykin Wright says his crowd com
mitted fraud in '94 because Mr. Watson
made fiery speeches. Well Tom is
making the same kind of speeches in
1895. Therefore Boykin is fixing his
“21 year old negroes” for the commis
sion of another fraud.
And you decent, respectable, church
going, god-worshipping Democrats of
Augusta, shut your eyes and mouths
and expect God to recognize yofir neu
tral pray ers.
v *
Watson’s defeat will not deter the'
Populists from pressing their political
reforms, nor benefit Major Blpek, but’
it will give countenance im'd encour
agement to the illegal practices of the
paid ward heelers, which will result in
killing out any future municipal re
forms in Augusta. Put that in your
pipe, and smoke it slowly. When you
cast your vote for Black and his 1200
“21 year olds.” One hundred and
twenty dollars invested in 1200 “21 year
old negroes” kills 1200 legal white
votes in Augusta, and each heeler
boasts of it is he wheels his “21 year
old negro” up to the box. Boykin
Wright bosses it, Major Black knows
it and Broad Street merchants dare not
protest against it, All in the name of
Democracy, you know.
W IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR THE BOYCOTT WHICH IS
THREATENING AUGUSTA?
HOW IT GAN BE AVOIDED
Are There Not Enough Brave
Men in Augusta to Down
The Rascals?
The Atlanta Constitution and other
Southern journals, when the repeal of
the Lodge bill was before congress,
openly advised a boycott of Eastern
merchants by the merchants of Augus
ta and the Southern cities.
Why? Because they believed it was
the only weapon that could be used to
protect the ballot-box at the South
against partisanship iu the East.
Is it any more a sin for the'farm
ers of the Tenth district to employ the
same methods for the protection of
their ballot against the ward heelers
and “21 year old negroes” of Augusta,
who have been dragged by these ward
heelers to the registration book and
paid 10 cents each, to qualify that they
are legal voters ?
Some of the cotton commission mer
chants of Augusta in 1894 used the
mortgages they held against farmers in
Warren county to force them away
from the support of Mr. Watson to the
support of Major Black.
Is it any the more a wrong for the
farmers of Warren county to say they
will not buy goods from the men who
take advantage of their poverty to
enforce political servility’?
A cotton commission firm in Augusta
refused to place an advertisement in a
Populist paper for the reason that they
were conscientiously opposed toputting
a weapon in the hands of an enemy.
Is it any worse for the Populist farm
ers to say they are conscientiously op
posed to trading with men who rob
them of "the sacred right of franchise?
Now we that two wrongs
I.never made a right, but the best way
to prevent the secohd wrong-«to refnke
to inflict the first. If inflicted and not
attoned for the retaliative action be
comes a right instead of a wrong.
'.* In this connection I quote a para
graph from Col. Dan Troy’s open letter
to the people of Alabama :
“One of the most sacred of the rights
secured by the law is the right of an
honest election,at which the will of the
people, entitled to govern, may be free
lj’ expressed ; for upon that foundation
must rest the Constitution and laws of
the land. And every citizen may right
fully use force when necessary to main
tain that right un. er the same circum
stances and conditions that he may use
force to maintain any other right
“When an election is held, where it is
manifest that the purpose of those con
ducting it is not tn give an honest’ex
pression to the will of the voters, not
only is the right to an honest election
taken away, but even the form of an
honest election is abrogated, and every
citizen has the same right to put a stop
to the performance that he has to pre
vent any other violation of the law that
is about to be committed in his pres
ence.”
Have the ward heelers, under the in
struction of Boykin Wright, the man
ager of Major Black’s campaign, mani
fested a purpose not to have a fair,
honest election ?
I quote the following from the Dailj’
Tribune, published in the city of Au
gusta :
“The total registration of the county,
as near as it can be calculated at the
present hour is about 7,400.
“Os this number it is estimated, and
the figures are close to the correct num
ber, 3,500 are negroes.
“In this office We have a record, by
name, street, number and district, of
1,164 negroes who are registered as 21
years of age. Some we have missed,
fully enough to make the total 1,200 or
more. v .
“By these figures it will be that
one-third of the negroes registered as
21 years of age, Or one ovr of every
THREE. 'I . ,
The population of Richmond county,
aecordin{*to the census of 1890, is 49,-
194. It is estimated that one-fifth of
the population are voters, or should be
qualified to vote. This makes, in round
numbers, 9,000 voters in the county,
and allowing that whites and blacks
are evenly divided, we have a colored
voting population of 4,500 possible in
this county.
“It will be seen by these figures that
over one-fourth of the colored popula
tion of the county is 21 years of age,
“We also have a record of 3311 egroes
who registed as 22 years of age. Add
this to the 21 year olds and we have
nearly 1,600 negroes who are registered
as not more than 22, or nearly one-half
of the voting strength of the negroes
not more than 22 years of age.
i “But the 123rd district presents the
NUMBER 1.
mos ridiculous figures of all, and the
flagrant fraud is too plain for even the
most hidebound partisan to swallow.
“In the 123rd district 242 negroes have
registered as 21 years of age.
“The total registration of negroes of
ai.i. ages of this district as shown by
tlie registration list of Oct. 23, 1894 was
201, or 35 less than the number of 21
year old negroes registered in this elec
tion.
“The total registration in this district
for one of the hottest elections in the
history of this county, the prohibition
election in July of 1892, was 258. includ
ing hot*i whites and blacks, or only 16
more than the entire number of negroes
registered as 21 years of age.
“The total write and black regis
tration in this district on Sept. 22,1894,
295, or only 53 more than the 21 year
old negroes registered for the coming
election.
“Fifty negroes registered as 22 years
of age. Add this to the number of 21
year olds, and you have 292 negroes
who registered as not over 22 years of
RJfe only 3 short of the total white
and black registration for the October
election of 1891, and nearly fifty more
than the total white and black regis
tration for the prohibition election of
1892.
The highest estimated total regis
tration in this district for the present
election, of all colors, is 500. Thus it
will be seen near one-half of the entire
voting strength of the district is 21
year old negroes, and over one-half of
the total voting strength, negroes not
over 22 years of age.
“In the 1269th district, 93 negroes
have registered as 21 years of age. This
is fully as many as the colored regis
tration of all ages, shown by any past
registration list.
“One hundred and twenty-three
negroes registered in this district as
not more than 22 years of age, and over
21. This is fully one-half of the white
and colored, voting strength of this
district as shown by the registration
lists of last year, and the prohibition
election of 1892.
“These figures are laid before the
people. They are correct. They are
unquestionable proof of the frauds
practiced in the registration of voters
just closed.
“A more coniplpted record of fvauuu
lent registration is now being compiled
and the Tribune will publish the dis
closures as fast as they are made ”
I do not believe the merchants of Au
gusta* can, or will, sustain Boykin
Wright’s methods. The fact that less
than 2,000 whi e Democrats have regis
tered in Augusta is conclusive evidence
that a large majority of the white
citizens are disgusted with the unsavory
reputation Major Black's campaigns
have given that citv.
Let a roll of honor be published giv
ing the name of every citizen who de
slined to register that the farmers may
be informed of the small handful who
prefer partisanship for personal gain
to statesmanship and commercial pros
perity for the city. Thus a boycot can
be prevented and paternal relations
re-established with the farmers.
Mt
Kailroad Values and Earnings.
Poor’s Railroad Manual for 1894 shows
a shrinkage ot over 814,000,000 in the
annual divident paid on the capital
stock of our railroads, and of 613,000,-
000 in the amount of the annual inter
est on the bonds. The average interest
rate on bonds and stocks has declined
from 4.73 per cent, in 1882 to 4.11 per
cent.; the dividend rate from 2.91 per
cent to 1.64. The tables dealing with
freight and passenger charges show a
decline in the average passenger rate
for each mile from 2.447 cents (in 1882)
to 2.030 cents, and in freight charge
from 1.236 cents a ton to 0.851 cent.
The percentage of productive capital
stock was only 35.02 against 64.98 of
unproductive ; this, however, is not at-,
tributed to the reduction m charges
but to the following causes: (1) The
unwise policy of extension which has
burdened the roads with unproductive
lines ; (2) repressive legislation as to
rates and the animosity of demagogues;
(3) competition ; (4) restrictive feat
ures of the interstate commerce law;
■(5) the laboi- question, and agitation
and higher wages. Only 2,157 miles
of new road were built in 1894, and the
process of re-organization has consid
erably reduced the amount of “water”
in the stock. Commenting on these
ft cts and figures, the Louisville Cour
ier-Journal says: “The blood of the
old investors will be the seed cf the
new. Fresh schemes will be looked
upon for a long time with the suspicion
naturally aroused by past reckless, dis
honest financiering, and this will pre
vent the repetition of such. There is
hope that ia a few years not only will
rates be still further reduced, both for
freight and passenger traffic, but that
bona fide investors may count with
certainty upon adequate returns. A
two-cent-a-mile general passenger rate
is a probability of the near future,
' with no reduction of net earnings.”

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