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The Key West citizen. [volume] (Key West, Fla.) 1879-current, June 22, 1926, Image 1

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Full Associated Press Leased
Wire Day Service
(Dr Aiuirlatril Pre)
With the treasury overflowing
with money even beyond the fond
est hopes of estimates. President
Coolidge has turned thumbs down
• tax reduction talk until the
■ew revenue law is submitted to
the test of operation during the
coming year.
The president informed his
cabinet officers and bureau chiefs
at the semi-annual budget meeting
last night that this fiscal year,
ending June 30, probably would
be closed with a surplus of $390,-
000,000. Indications also pointed
to margins of $185,000,000 next
fiscal year and $20,000,000 at the
end of the succeeding 12 months
he said, but withheld promise of i
tax reduction pending thorough
■tody of the working of the new '
The $390,000,000 surplus, cal
culated yesterday on the basis of I
latest returns from second install
ment income tax payments, is nl- 1
most four times the amount fore- '
east six months ago.
Income tax returns for this
quarter are expected to reach
$440,000,000 almost $70,000,000;
more than was collected for the |
corresponding period - last year
despite the higher tax rates which 1
prevailed then. March receipts of
$605,000,000 also were much high
er than a year ago, in the face of,
reduction in taxes just authorized.
The surplus will be applied to
the public debt, bringing the total !
reduction for this fiscal year to;
about $830,000,000. This will |
leave the debt at $19,680,000,000.
Proposing to cut expenditures i
next year in order to assure a sur- i
plus, Mr. Coolidge informed the!
department chiefs that some re
duction in personnel must be made;
to offset the increased expemii- S
tures brought about by the public i
improvement program.
Young Men Leave Here
Yesterday En Route
To Hendersonville , N. C.
David Glickman, who has for
some time been connected with
the Monroe County Abstract Com
pany in this city, accompanied by
Schemer Weatherford, son of I’.
L. Weatherford, chief clerk of ac
counting office, Nayy department,
left yesterday for Hendersonville,
N. C-, in which city they will both
be employed by a large abstract
company. They left here on the
schooner Eureka for Caxnmbai,
taking with them Mv. (Hickman’s
car. in which they will tour to
North Carolina.
Give Reception At Home
Last Evening Following
Marriage Sunday Night
Mr. and Mrs. Paul Archer, who
were married here on Sunday eve
ning at the Congregational church,
gave a reception last night to their
numerous friends at their home on
Margaret street, near the corner
of Fleming.
A hand was in attendance which
furnished enjoyable music all dur
ing the evening, with refreshments
being served in abundance.
Everyone in attendance thor
oughly enjoyed the evening’s
TODAY ‘ Money Talks.”
Comedy, **l*aee Me.”
TOMORROW - “Havoc”
Comedy, “Moving Day.”
Address By Peter 0. Knight
At Luncheon of Orlando Chamber of Commerce Today.
Mr. Knight, after talking at!
; length about the principles upon |
which this republic was founded,
and recounting the growth, de-;
velopment’, prosperity, and wealth
of the United States, said:
‘‘l have recited the foregoing
for the purpose of demonstrating
to you that the extraordinary and
amazing growth, development, and
prosperity of this wonderful na
tion has not been because of its
climate, its soil, or its natural re
sources, but because of its Con
stitution and its form of govern
ment under which life, liberty, and
happiness are more amply secured
and property more fully protected
\ than under any other form of
government ever devised by man;
land I now want to apply this
i thought to Florida.
*‘l could prepare an address that
could he delivered in any one of
dozens of states of this Union, ap
plying that address to the parti
cular state in which it was deliver
; ed. It would run about this way:
‘This is a wonderful and mar
| velous state. Its climate is won
derful; its soil most fertile; its
'natural resources unequalled; its
future very marvelous. If all of
| the roil of this state that is capable
I of production were cultivated and
| its natural resources developed,
I the state could easily quadruple its
| population, etc., etc.’
i “That talk could be delivered
' . “But there is a talk that can
So made about Florida and only
about Florida; and that is it:
‘Florida is the most conserva
tive state in the nation. It has an
!entire absence of radical legisla
tion. And its growth,
mid marvelous prosperity, parti
cularly for the last few years, is
due not so much to its matchless
j climate, its incomparable soil, and
j its wonderful natural advantages,
(but to the fact that it is the most
conservative state of this nation;
( that it has no radical legislation,
i While Iho remainder of the states
"f the Union have for the past
quarter of a century been endeav
j or ing by legislation to make water
run uphill and have been en
deavoring by legislation to create
t;t condition whereby the fool can
oompf ta with the smart man, have
i been endeavoring by legislation to
: make the unnatural natural, Flor
idn has been sitting steady in the
boat, believing in the law of the
isurvival of the fittest, believing
such was the law in Biblical times,
is now, and always will be, and
believing that you could not by
man-made laws supersede Clod
made laws. And -o while the re
mainder of the states have been
busy tomahawking, knifing, butch
ering, penalizing, and harassing
i business, Florida has been inviting
capital into this state and protect
ing it aft ’r it has been invested.
While the remirnder of the states
Imvo been busy creating bureaus,
commissions, and increasing tax
es. Florida is today administering
Is state affairs in the same simple
manner that it did a quarter of a
century ago. It has a governor
land his cabinet, the supreme court,
a railroad commission, a state
highway commission, and a state
health board--nothing else. And
so economically and splendidly
have the affairs of our state been
administer*d as that, although we
have more pavml highways and
more public improvements than
any state in the Union per capita,
Florida does not owe a dollar, has
no state bonded indebtedness of
m.v Kurd or character, and had in
the state treasury last evening six
fren midion dollars in rash. The
onlv method of raising rovenqe for
■=tate purposes in Florida is by an
occupational tax. a gasoline tax.
!>n ad valor * t tax on real and
personal property; and. although
all the property of the state is
worth anproxinnately six billions
of dollars, it is assessed—rail
roads, public utilities, real and
personal property, everything—
at only the insignificant sum of
<x hundred and twenty million of
dollars, onlv about ten per cent of
its value. So it can easily be seen
why Florida does not have and
docs not need a franchise tax, or
tlfl!ic Hb&y t Citizen
| a corporation tax, or a corporation
| stock transfer tax, or a severance
tax, or a tax on intangibles, or an
; income tax, or an inheritance tax.
And while the remaining tax bur
dened states of the Union are
looking for more sources of rev
-1 enue, and are even endeavoring to
force Florida to levy a state in
heritance tax, because their finan
cial condition is such as that they
cannot repeal theirs, the state ad
ministration in Florida is actual-
Ily contemplating a reduction of
the state tax; and probably short
ly one will be made amounting to
about twenty per cent.’
“This is the story that can be
i told about Florida and cannot be
told about any other state.
“And it ought to be told and
| repeated over and over again by
I the state press, the cham6ers of
commerce, the boards of trade, and
: the individuals of this state.
“We have not capitalized this
j asset. We have been talking
about our soil, our climate, our re
sources, our sunshine, palm trees,
and mocking birds long enough.
They have all existed since 1492.
:And when Hamilton Disr.ton, in
'IBBO, purchased four million acres
of land in Florida for twenty-five
| cents an acre, he sang the same
song that has lately been sung by
| the real estate agents and adver
j Using men of this state. And it
.is time that we should capitalize
| our real asset, of which we have
lan absolute and complete monop
! oly.
“Florida’s real, extraordinary
development, dates from the time
; the legislature . oiLthis state pass
ed the constlthttSnal amendment
prohibiting the levying of a state
income or inheritance tax. It
placed Florda definitely on the
! front page of the magazines and
newspapers of the United States.
! Immediately it was passed, I be-
Igan receiving inquiries from all
over the country concerning it. It
so happened that that summer I
'vent abroad and, going over and
coming back on the ships, and
traveling around Europe, when
ever I came in contact with an
■American, he asked me about it;
iand when I explained the situation
to him he always replied, ‘Oh, the
people of Florida will never adopt
that amendment.’ When they did
adopt it by a vote of four to one
in November, 1924, the future of
Florida was, assured.
“The people who have made
good in the United States and ac
quired riches, do not care for
money as such. The total estate
.nnd inheritance taxes collected
'amounts to only one hundred and
ten million dollars annually; and
we have at least two individuals
in the United States each of whom
t was born poor and who have given
live times that amount for
charitable, religious, and educa
tional purposes. We all know the
pirit of th American citizen who
\ has millions for defense nnd not
■one rent for tribute.
“And business having been
harassed and annoyed and ham
mered by the demagogues and
politicians of this country to the
< xtent th.at it has he*n by the re
spective states during the past
quarter of a century, when finally
there was a state whose citizens
still believed in the Constitution
of the United States and the prin
ciples upon which this republic
was founded, these people said.
‘That is the state we want to live
m.’ And that in consequence
thereof many of those people have
moved into Florida can easily he
“Whrn the first quarterly fed
! era! income taxes were paid in
March this year, the astonishing
fact was revealed that Florida led
the nation in the percentage of in
crease in income tax payments.
Although a small state in popula
tion. it was actually ninth in point
of taxes paid. It actually paid
more income taxes than any of the
southern states. Although ircome
t.ax*s were materially reduced, it
actually paid twelve million dol
lars a? against four million dollars
a year ago. So that Florida will
(Continued on page 8)
County Commissioner Braxton
Warren and County Engineer Clif
ton Bailey, who made a trip last
| week over the Tamiami Trail, in
company with L. K. Cannon, as
sistant state highway engineer,
of the state road department, all
accompanied by Erben Cook, of
the Chevalier Corporation, report
an instructive and enjoyable trip.
That portion of the Trail now
under construction by the State
Road Department for the first ten
miles out of Miami is rapidly near
ing comple ion, and is an excellent
piece of work. The ultimate road
bed will be 30 feet in width, with
an 8-inch washed rock surface,
impregnated with an asphaltic
binder. The state engineers esti
mate that this portion will be com
I pleted within the next 90 days
and bids are being called for, for
jan additional 12 miles. The eleva
; lion of the finished grade is 11.5
feet above sea level, and the ulti
mate cos! will be between $30,000
and $34,000 per mile.
From the westerly terminus of
the above-mentioneyi section, the
1 route is passable, but rough, to the
Monroe county line, approximately
;23 miles distant. From the Mon
roe county line, which has been
and is now under construcupn by
the Chevalier Corporation, the
route is exceptionally good and
| smoo h, but somewhat narrow.
The forces of the Chevalier Cor
poration are making good progress
towards the Collier county line,
having but 2.8 miles of road bed
to throw up with the clearing all
i It was of in erest to note the
erection of an oil drilling derrick
practically on the Monroe and
Dade county line just south of the
Trail, it being about 10Q feet dis-
I tant in both directions. Machinery
for the drilling operations is now
being hauled to the site.
The state engineers expressed
considerable admiration for the
work of the Chevalier Corporation
wi;h the difficulties encountered,
and under which they are cheer
j fully working, were considered,
and felt, from a preliminary inves
tigation, that the work through
Monroe county could be accom
plished satisfactorily vvi h the
funds allotted.
Serpentine Dance
Paraphernalia Here
For Affair Thursday
The paraphernalia for the ser
pentine dance to be given in con
nection with the De Molay ball at
the Coral Isles Casino next Thurs
day evening have arrived. They
are certainly very pretty and rep
resent the latest designs in such
creations. Elaborate preparations
are being made for this gala
event and tickets are going fast,
the promoters say.
Regular communication of Palm
Lodge of Perfection No. 10, A. A.
S. R., will be held tomorrow night
it 8 o’clock.
All members are requested to be
presen . as this will be our last
regular communication until after
our legular summer vacation.
By order of the V. M..
C. E. G A RING, Sec.
June 22-11
Pilot Lives
ar— 1 ■ ""■’—■w'jtfw
Lieut. Henry 11. Ogden, round
the-world flyer, escaped death at
an air meet at Flint, Mich., when
hi* plane crashed from an altitude
of 150 feet. This photo wax tak
en just after he crawled from the
wreckage cut and bruied but not
. -eriously hurt.
Henry, Cardinal Casanova,
archbishop of Toledo, Spain.
George, Cardinal Mundelein,
archbishop of Chicago and
sponsor of the Eucharistic Con
Disabled Veterans
Of World War Stage
Parade In Atlanta
ißt Amnrialril
ATLANTA, June 22.—Along
Peachtree street where more than
sixty-two years ago the armies of
a divided nation moved in battle,
representatives of the entire coun
try’s maimed and broken veterans
of the world war marched today.
It was the sixth annual parade of
I the convention of the disabled vet*
! ?rans of the world war.
Forty blind veterans led the pro
fession. were guided by
forty little girls who set the pace
j for the slow moving line of march.
Next came those who lost an arm
lor lee in the service. The slow
*tep of the blind men was merciful
to seem of those who hobbled
along on crutches or limped with
(the aid of canes.
Then marched veterans who
j suffered disabling wound* of
! various kinds. With these march
: *’d the gassed, the machine gnn
; riddled, the shrapnel torn, and
, those whose health was broken
| without wounds.
fheer dominated the line and
enthusiasm was voiced in lusty
tones. With the disabled veteran*
r*prf*w*ntativ*s? of th*
ent fighting machine, soldiers from
Fort McPherson and several mili
tary band?- The envoys of city,
"date and nation took their place
' in the fine and at the head of the
John, Cardinal Czernach,
archbishop of Strigonia and
primate of Hungary.
John, Cardinal Bonzano,
oapa! legate to the Eucharis
tic Congress.
Pilot Killed
\' ' i
Elmer Partridze, pilot, wan
killed when the plane inaugurating
the Chicago Minneapolis airmail
service crashed near St. Paul. He
is believed to have fainted and
lost control of his ship, which v.as
anew one of his own design.
Queen Wilhelmma of he Neth
erlands is very fend‘of animals
and active in humane work n their
soldiers was Major (ieneral John
run Haygood, commandant of the
fourth corps U S. armv.
hollowing the parade which
wound through the business sec
tion out into th* residential
streets, the veterans were enter
ta>.rmd at luncheon on th** Nns'ey
Hotel roof garden. In the ft**r
nonn a disabled veterans goff
tournament began at the East
Lake Country Club. While a few
plaved golf, others in h* first
business session of the convention.
A concert by the Shrine band
is the evening's program. The
entertainment include* a special
drill exhibition ly the Shrine team.
Isaac Mesa, at whose home it j
was alleged that SIO,OOO worth of
liquor was seized by Tampa pro
hibition officers yesterday morn- ;
ing, was arraigned before U. S.j
Commissioner C. Rodney Gwynn :
at 10 o'clock this morning for a ;
preliminary hearing. He entered |
a plea of not guilty, but the evi
dence was such that Judge Gwynn
placed his bond at SSOO - for ap
pearance at the next term of fed
eral eouit in Key West. Mesa was
represented by Attorney J. Kirk
wood Watkins.
The large quantity of valuable
liquors seized by Prohibition Of- '
ficet’3 W. C. Crumbley and G.
Watson, of Tampa, at 1018 Grin
ned street, claimed to be the
home of Isaac Mesa, was destroy- j
id by G. Watson in the po3toffrce j
building iast night, the job being!
finished at 3 o'clock this morning.!
Of the SIO,OOO worth of liquor, 1
that would have been sold here for 1
approximately $20,000, it is esti
; mated, only a few cases remain, in
j charge of Officer Watson today,
I to be used as evidence*.
'1 he asr was liquor laden on the
i second floor of the custom house
this morning, and the lavatory on
| that floor was stacked high with
packing straw, crushed glass,
broken demijohns and jugs. The
liquor had been poured into the
sinks in the lavatory, but the
I scent of the liquor remained in
! -tagger.ng strength.
Officer Watson had his hands
full. He couldn’t stay in the
| lavatory and the marshal’s office
Sboth at the same time. Conse
quently some of the liquor that
| started out to be destroyed may
have met a different “fate.” But
i the lavatory stacked high with ill
fsmelling debris this morning is
proof that it all didn’t get away,
i for the “evidence” indicated that
a tremendous quantity of booze
had been destroyed.
In commenting upon the big
liquor seizure of yesterday, U. S.
| Deputy Marshal Lyalle Van Val
kenburgh made the following
•tatement to a representative of
The Citizen:
“The 200 cases of liquor seized
|by prohibition agents and broken
by same were stored in the mar
; -bal’s office temporarily to as
sist and cooperate with the said
agents. The key to the marshal’s
office was turned over to G. Wat
*on, prohibition agent, who took
complete charge of said liquor,
destroying same. This, is a pro
hibition case.
“I received wire from B. £
Dyson. U. S. marshal, that he had
nothing to do with same, that It
was a prohibition case.
"As the customs officers re
fused to store liquors in vault and
as no ether place was available,
•he deputy U. S. marshal allowed
the prohibition agents to use his
office for the time being ”
femes L. John con Now
fin Route Home
From Rochester, Minn
•Tomes L Johnson, of the realty
fir nr of Johnson & Johnson of
This city, who has for the past
month been at The Drs. Mayo sani
,Toriom at Rochester, Minn., for
, treatment, H now cn route home.
Telegrams received in Key West
this morning state that he if
spending today very pleasantly at
the home of Frank W. I/rvcying
* Medford, Ma's. From there
Mr. Johnson goes to Myrtle,
Conn., to vi*il and r r d aunt be
fore returning to the Hand City.
He is reported as very much im
proved n health.
For 47 Years Devoted to the
Interests of Key West
At a special meeting of the city
council held at 6 o’clock last eve
ning definite action was taken on
the garbage service situation,
which has been the subject of dis
cussion for some tune past.
The scavenger service contract
was let to Harry Gwynn on May
20, 1926, for the sum of $33,990
per year for a period of two years,
it was stated last night.
Ro> Lewin was present and
stated that he had negotiated with
Harry Gwynn for the purchase of
the garbage hauling equipment,
and was ready to take over the
work on July 1, if favorable vqith
the city council. It was moved by
Councilman Robeits, and duly sec
onded, that the scavenger service
contract be awarded to The Key
West Tire Company, by Roy
Lewin, manager, for the sum of
$34,288 per year, conditioned
upon Harry Gwynn filing his writ
ten relinquishment with the city
clerk. On roll call the mo.ion
passed, with Councilman Smith
voting against the measure.
Attorney J. Lancelot Lester ad
dressed the council relative to his
fees for validating the $225,000
bond issue. Councilman Sawyer
moved, and it was seconded and
casricd, that n warrant be drawn
| covering the amount due ihe city
i attorney for validating the bond
i issue.
Councilman Roberts stated that
| he had replaced the two men who
! had been eliminated from the work
| ns grass cutters in the city ceme
tery. His action was approved by
j the city council.
Councilman Albury spoke of the
• condition of Simonton street,
| where it was dng up by the Colum
j bia Steam Laundry, stating that
! the taxpayers are complaining
about the condition of this street,
“and I Ihink they have a perfe t
i right to kick," he raid. It war
j explained that the Columbia Steam
Laundry had up a SSOO bond guar
! anteeing the faithful performance
i of this work, and if there is any
I damage, such amount would be de
ducted from the amount of this
A motion was made and car
j ried that the clerk communicate
! with the manager of the Key West
t Electric Company with the requeue
j that Eaton and Southard streets
. be given immediate a tuition, a i
that those streets, inside th'* car
tracks, must be placed in proper
Councilman Albury stated tha
the finance committee should get
| together and devise way* an i
j mean- for meeting the city’s Juno
1 pay 1011, as h- understood hat the
j tax collector is not receiving any
j taxes.
Condition ol J. Curry
Now In Horpital
Friends of Probation Officer,
! Joshua Curry, will be glad to Dsrn
! that his condition is greatly im
proved, and that the physician*
hope and expect to save his foot.
He is at the Samaritan Hospital
jat Broad and Ontario street* in
“Josh,” as he is known by every
man, woman and child in Key.
has been chairman of the Sick
'Committee of the Elks’ Lodge for
I a quarter of a century, and the
quantities of flowers thnf he h*s
sent to the sick and afflicted would
decorate a King’s reception.
Hi* many friends are gbd to
!Vr of hi* improved condition.
j ~
“Money Talk*” I* the title of
Rupert Hughes’ latest hit. A
story of the glorification of the
Aimirhty Dollar, what it can
hoy of beauty, brains and

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