Associated Press Day Wire
VOLUME LIV. No. 44.
Cermak Passes Crisis;
Bullet Close To Spine
Not To Be Removed
Attorneys For Zangara
Will Decide Today On
Making Motion Toward
Ally AMMuHfitril I'rena)
MIAMI, Feb. 21.—Attor
ney# for Giuseppe Zangara,
who is under an 80-year sen
tence for attempting to kill
President - elect Roosevelt,
and wounding three other
perons, probably will decide
today if they will file a
motion for anew trial.
They conferred with Zan
gara who has four days in
which to ask anew trial.
Mayor Cermak and iMrs.
Joe Gill, two of the five
victims, are improving.
His physician said: “Cer
mak has definitely passed
the crisis. The bullet is close
to the spine and will not be
removed. An operation
would endanger his life.**
The physician also said
“tissue would form - about
the bullet in about 10 days
and its presence would not
TO NEW QUARTERS
FIXTURES BEING REMOVED
TO NUMBER ONE BUILDING;
(WILL BE READY FOR BUSI
NESS AT END OF WEEK
By the last of the week the
lighthouse bureau will be occupy
ing the building of the navy de
partment. known as Number One
at the naval station.
Crews from the ships Ivy and
Poppy have been busy since Mon
day making the transfer of furni
ture and property, which on ar
riving at the building are placed
and made ready fur use under the
supervision of H. B. Haskins, as
sistant superintendent, and the
Number 1 building and all other
buildings that will now be part of
the department of commerce head
quarters in Key West, are to be
painted in ivory trimmed white.
This work will be started within
the next few days.
Other improvement in the con
dition of the buildings will be
started as soon as funds are made
available. These improvements to
include terrazzo floors in the of
fices. the wooden floors being in
extremely bad condition owing to
the ravages of termites.
When finished and all improve
ments addled the building will be
one of the finest in the city ami
second to none used for offices by
the lighthouse departments in
other cities. Superintendent W. W.
Demeritl told The Citizen.
The Home Town 1 beater
SHE DONE HIM WRONG
See Page 3 for Reader on This
NAG A N A
Matinee, 10-lBc; Night, 15-lSe
PORTRAITS TO BE
PAINTED HERE FOR
JUDGE JEFFERSON B.
BROWNE AND LATE W.
HUNT HARRIS, PAST PRESI
DENTS, OF KEY WEST
(By MARIE CAPPICK)
Frank Townsend Hutchens, in
ternationally famous artist, has
arrived and will paint a portrait of
Judge Jefferson B. Browne, of the
20th judicial circuit of Florida.
He will also paint a portrait of the
late Hon. W. Hunt Harris, presi
dent of the Florida senate in the
legislative session of 1907.
This is a part of an important
commission that Mr. Hutchens has
to paint all of the past presidents
of the Florida senate, which are
to be unveiled in the senate cham
ber at the opening of the legisla
tive session convening in Tallahas
see in April.
In selecting Mr. Hutchens to
paint its distinguished statesmen,
the state has also asked that he
serve in an advisory relation rela
tive to art for the official com
mission selected from the senate
to represent Florida for the Cen
tury of Progress in Chicago, it is
Attention which will be called to
Florida through paintings in the
Florida building, and other forms
of art representative of the state,
will be of inestimable value, Mr.
Mr. Hutchens’ work has been
internationally honored. He has
painted in Venice, Capri, Tunis,
San Tropaz, in Kotwijk-on-the-
Sea, and in Picardy.
The painting of scenes in Tunis, j
work of this artist, are outstanding i
in the world of art. Four of his
canvasses which were purchased
and presented to art museums in
Syracuse and Rochester, N. Y., are
Tunisian subjects. One of his
paintings has recently been hung
in the Corcoran Art gallery, at
Washington, I). C., and famous art
centers of Europe have shown his
Key West is indeed proud to
have the portrait of two of her
sons painted by such an eminent
artist as Mr. Hutchens, and equal-J
ly leading Florida statesmen in the I
senate chamber of Florida.
KILLED BY BLAST
IN CHINA TODAY
ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY
INJURED WHILE TEN WERE
MISSING FROM EXPLOSION
IN RUBBER FACTORY
(Itv Aoeinlc4 I’rmi
SHANGHAI, Feb. 21.—Eighty
one pertonx were Willed, 120 in
jured and 10 misting today after
an explosion in two gasoline
vulcanisers in a Chinese rubber
factory in East Shanghai.
Of the injured, 50 were taken
to hospitals while the remainder
escaped with only slight injuries.
These figures appeared to be
the total toll of the blast as rescu
ers virtually completed a search of
Of the known dead. 79 were
girls. Bodies of the victims were
placed in n vacant lot near the
factory, while relatives sought to
Some of the injured are expect
ed to die. Police were unable to
determine the cause of the blast.
Who’s Who In The Home
to he presented Friday After
noon 2 at Division St.
School. Under Auspices of
Admission Sc and 10c
®tje Witp ®tst Citizen
America’s 10 Biggest Problems
Getting More Of The Good Things Of Life
A Paradox—Poverty In The Midst Of Plenty
•• V A A* y *s ** v ' / 'fc
Keeping up the standard of living i one of America’s 10 biggest problems, says Prof. William Field
ing Ogburn. One way to help do it is by working out an economic organization that will increase the ca
pacity to purchase along with the capacity to produce, he says, citing how America has bulging stores
of food such as those above' while long lines of unemployed go hungry and their standard of living is
By WILLIAM FIELDING
Research Director, President’s
Committee On Recent
(Written For The Associated
The problem with regard
to the standard of living in
the next few years will be to
prevent it from being
We probably shall be slow in
coming out of the present depres
sion. It may take from one to three
or four years, in which case the
economic forces will be driving
down the living standard. It has
taken a long time to bring them
to the present level.
For 10 or 15 years following the
opening of the century the change
in the standard of life was very
slow for the wage earners. It
moved up more rapidly during the
war period and thereafter. It
would certainly be a loss to man
kind if the gains of a third of a
century should be lost in the few
years of the present depression.
Sharing Jobs A Necessity
A plan for sharing work by
those who have jobs with those
who have none is a necessary
measure for meeting the terrible
ravages of the present unemploy
ment, but it should not be allowed
to serve as a device for keeping
the income down after the depres
sion is over.
For those out of work the stan
dard of living already has fallen
precipitously. The aim here should
be to maintain a minimum stand
ard of livirc.
During the next few years the
problem will be particularly acute
for the hundreds of thousands and
perhaps millions of unemployed
RETIRED CHIEF OF BUREAU
OF UNITED STATES EN
<lt> Aeclalel l’rr)
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21.
Rear Admiral Robert Grif
fin, retired, chief of the
bureau of engineering, United
States navy, died from har
dening of the arteries.
Florida Sails For Cuba
Carrying 118 Passengers
The steamer Florida sailed
yesterday at 12:35 for Havana
with lIR passenger*. Of these 103
boarded the ship at Key West and
15 were arrivals from Tampa.
The S. S. Cuba returned 3:30
o'clock yesterday from Cuba Mgjth
10k passengers, five aliens.
Ferry Parrott arrived from
Havana with one car of meal and
15 miscellaneous cars.
The ferry Key West of the Mon
roe county system is due in today
from No Name Key for overhaul
KEY WEST. FLORIDA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1933.
who are very near the retiring age
and never will be employed again.
Problem For Young People
16 is also serious for the young
people who have been out of high
school three, four or five years and
have been given no opportunity to
form habits of thrift, skill and am
bition because of lack of employ
When;the present crisis is past,
but let us hope not forgot, the
great task will be to raise the
standard of living.
Many times in history the fight
for more af 4 the good thing; of life
has led to revolution and appro
priation of land and property from
those who have by those who have
‘Redistributing Wealth One Way’
The simplest way of raising the
standard of living seems to be to
redistrbute wealth. This has been
the constant theme of radicals, but
now anew program has arisen
showing that by increasing produc
tion and distribution the standard
of living will also be raised.
If all of the wealth of the world
were divided equally among every
one. the rise in the standard of
living would only be slight and
perhaps temporary, but if an eco
nomic organization can be worked
out so that more goods are pro
duced and distributed, the stand
ard of living may be increased
The present depression has
thrown anew light on this prob
lem for now we have plenty of
production and bulging ware
houses, but a lowered standard of
living and hungry men.
The problem is to work out an
economic organization so the ca
pacity of purchase will flow' along
at the tame rate as the capacity
to produce. If this problem can be
solved the danger of regression to
J. H. Knowles Dies Last
Evening; Fafteral Today
John Henry Knowles, age 54,
died 6 o’clock last evening in his
residence Number 2 Thompson
l*ane, after a lingering illness.
Funeral services are being held
4:40 o’clock this afternoon from
the chapel of Pritchard’s Funeral
Home. Rev. J. T. Coulliettc of
Fleming Street Methodist church
The deceased is survived by his
widow. Mrs. Iris Knowles; three
sons, Charles. Louts and Carl
Knowles; one daughter. Mrs. Ray
mond Lones; one brother. Living
ston Knowles of Tampa; one'sis
ter. M rs. Mamie Sweeting of Mi
ami. Due to illness in both of
their families, neither Mr. Know
les nor Mrs. Sweeting were able
to come to Key West for the
Directed by Mrs. Virgil Cordero—Thursday Nite, 9:15 P. M.
Tickets at FRANK JOHNSON’S. AH Seat. Reversed
SING HALLELUJAH! WE REPRESENT K. W. F. A.
the standards of misery of earlier
times will be removed and pros
pects of a much higher standard of
living will be in sight.
Favorable Factor* Cited
There are a number of favorable
factors. One is the fact that we
have prohibited immigration and
our population is increasing much
more slowly than it was. If we have
fewer people among whom to di
vide the gains, each will get more.
The second favorable factor is
that our natural resources will be
plentiful for at least a decade and
for a much longer time.
The third favorable actor is in
vention and technological develop
ment, which gives every prospect
of yielding a greater and greater
production of wealth. With these
three factors favorable if thd eco
nomic organization can be made
to function better, it ought to be
possible to contemplate within the
lives of perhaps many of the read
ers a much higher standard of liv
ing for most of our countrymen—
far above the poverty level.
Other Problem* Stand Out
Two other problems should be
mentioned. One' is to try to raise
the standard of living in those few
regions less favorably situated as,
for instance, in outlying towns and
villages, and among the sub-mar
ginal farms. The second problem
deals with a certain percentage of
mankind who still will remain the
victims of accident and circum
stances. For these more in the
way of provision of social insur
ance against disease, unemploy
ment and old age will be, needed.
On the whole the outlook is very
dark for the next few years and
will demand the inteilgicnt appli
cation of all of the forces of so
ciety, but in the long run the pros
pect is bright for a world without
TO RECEIVE POST
NEW FINANCIER LIKELY TO
BE CHOSEN FOR CAB
IB* tMwlmril I'rna)
WASHINGTON. Fob. 21.—Wil
liam Woodin, New York financier,
was regarded as likely to be chos
en for the treasury post in the
Senator Glass is understood to
have declined the job.
Friends say Glass has notified
Roosevelt that he will remain in
Fifteen States Inaugurate Move
To Repeal Eighteenth Amendment
J. scon GIVES
OUTLINE ON BABY
j ING AT COURT HOUSE LAST
NIGHT WHEN PROPOSITION
Before a representative and at
i tentive gathering in the county
| court house last night, John R.
i Scott gave a comprehensive out
j line of his proposed baby bond is
Mr. Scott, who is the father of
the idea and is thoroughly con
versant with practically all other
methods of self liquidating plans,
impressed his hearers with the
feasibility of his ideas.
He explained in detail the meth
od of issuing the bonds, the stamp
liquidating coupons and the simple
manner in which the necessary
overhead expense is, taken care of
with the minimum cost to those
who accept and help to carry the
program to a successful issue.
After a number of citizens were
heard on the subject and discus
sions on certain points that were
not clearly understood brought
about further explanations, a com
mittee was appointed to meet with
Mr. Scott and go further into the
The committee, composed of
Mayor Wm. H. Malone, Council
man S. Owen Sawyer, J. R. Stow
ers, A. D. Leuthi, Charles H.
Ketchum, Wesley P. Archer and
Ellis Archer, met with Mr. Scott
10 o’clock this morning in the of
fice of Mr. Malone.
The baby bond proposition was
taken up and discussed from every
phase, those phases that were not
quite clear being explained by Mr.
After the plan and its various
ramifications was talked over for
almost two hours, a number of
valuable suggestions as to changes
in the present plans thaf are bet
ter adapted to the situation in Key
West were discussed.
To bring about these changes a
committee consisting of Mayor Ma
lone, Mr. Scott, Mr. Ketchum and
Mr. Sawyer will meet tomorrow
morning in the office of Mr. Ma
lone and make the necessary
changes, modification and addi
tions, and appoint the time for an
other meeting at which it is hop
ed that every person, in no mat
ter what line of business, will be
Man Taken 111 Aboard
Ship Brought To Port
Piter de Vries, a member of
the crew of the Sun Oil Com
pany’s tanker Sunbeam, taken ill
on the ship, was brought ashore
Sunday afternoon and placed in
the Marine hospital for treat
A radio message to the Porter
Dock Company advised of the
man’s illness and the tug Petrel,
with Captain A. E. Sharpley in
charge, was sent out by Manager
Charles Taylor for the sufferer.
Tomorrow, February 22nd. is the birthday of Goorgo
Washington, th* father of our ceuetry, the firat in war, first
in pence and firat in the heart aof hia countrymen. It ia hut
fitting to honor hia memory by anitahly observing hia birth
day. It aereea to remiad ua of the great service that ha did
for our country. It atimulatea thoae great patriotic aeoti*
meota which hare made of ua a great nation. Aid wa thou Id
he grateful to him for hia aacrificea and hia aereicea.
I therefore, oa Mayor of the City of Key Waal, proclaim
Fehroary 22nd. aa a holiday and rvqoeat that aoitahla oh
aereaoc* • hoe Id be made of the I would bh# for all
merchant* to giro a half-holiday to their clerka and all othor
employ era of labor giro such houra of boltdoy aa can con
veniently he arranged without diarupting or daaorganamog
their hoaineaa. Nothing will he loat to anyone by than boner
lag the memory of our firat president, th* Father of onr
Country and I am confident it will ho appreciated by all thoae
who are laboring for aa and who nr* malwng life worthwhile.
Give* ondor my hand thia 21at day of February A- D.
W. H. MALONE. Mayor-
WEATHER CONDITIONS FAV
ORABLE WITH BEACH
SMOOTH; WILL TRY CLIP AT
RATE OF 250 MILES
DAYTONA BEACH, Feb.
21.—Prospect* that Malcolm
Campbell will be able to make
his long delayed assault on his
own automobile speed record
tomorrow, appeared bright to
Weather conditions took a
sudden turn toward improve
ment, and the beach was com
It is likely that when he
takes his car on the course he
will make a fast trial run of
approximately 250 miles per
hour, and then if the beach
is in good shape he will de
cide to shoot for the record
RELIEF GOES TO
AID OF VESSEL
SHIP REPORTED AiGROUND AT
SOUTH PASS NEAR NEW
The wrecking tug Relief sailed
this afternoon shortly after mid-i
day to go to the assistance of a'
steamer that is aground at South
Pass near New Orleans.
Radiograms received by the
ship show that the stranded ship!
is the steamer “Standard” of the
Standard Shipping Company.
A number of men were added
to the wrecking crew of the Re
lief and extra heavy wrecking
equipment was carried for use in
the salvaging operations.
CLAUDEL TO MEET
<B* Amorlalra Prru)
NEW YORK, Feb. 21.
Rooaevelt has arranged a
conference with Paul Claudel,
French ambaaaador, and it ia
believed Claudel will he
aaked here aa a reault of laat
night’a talk between Roose
velt and Ronald Lindaay,
British ambaaaa/or, on the
t question of war debts and
For 53 Years Devoted to the
Best Interests of Key West
PRICE FIVE CENT
Governor Sholtz Says It
Is His Desire To Have
Florida Vote On Im
(Dj Associated I'rcN*)
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21.
—Fifteen states are already
on the road toward repeal
of the Eighteenth Amend
ment, Wyoming already hav
ing passed a bill providing
for a convention.
Other states in which ac
tion has begun are Massa
chusetts, Ohio, Wisconsin,
Georgia, New Jersey, West
Virginia, Arizona, Missouri,
Delaware, California, Michi
gan, lowa and Pennsylvania.
Forty-two legislatures now in
session are enough to repeal the
law, but indications are there will
be no ratification within seven
years without furious resistance
Edward Dunford, general coun
sel for the A'nti-Saloon League,
said he would challenge im
mediately in court any law passed
by congress to “set up or reg
ulate” state conventions to vote
on repeal of prohibition.
VOTE 6Y STATES
JACKSONVILLE, Feb. 21.
The Jacksonville Journal quotes
Governor Sholtz on prohibition
repeal as follows:
“Congress has submitted the
whole question of prohibition re
peal to states which is the right
and proper course provided by the
“The issue now becomes one for
the individual states. It is my de
sire that the people of Florida
have an opportunity to vote upon
the whole question of state and
federal prohibition without un
“1 shall recommend to the
legislature that these questions be
submitted to the electorate of
Florida in prescribed manner."
The Journal got the statement
over the telephone from the gov
FOR BUND BOY
LEONARD WARREN FAR
AHEAD OF MANY OTHER
Leonard Warren, blind son of
Mr. and Mr*. Leonard Warren,
and nephfw of County Commie
sioner Braxton B. Warren, is mak
ing an enviable record at th
school for blind at St. Augustine.
Leonard ia just 15 years old but
he is far ahead of a number of
other boys who are at the school
much older than be is.
In English hi* rating Is 81;
typewriting, 88; arithmetic. 96;
geography, *4; spelling, *8; eon
duct, 97; weekly average, tt, Sand
general average, 90.
In the gymnasium his record i*
on a par with bis ratings in the
academic course. Her* his activi
ties show an average of 87; weight
102 H pounds and conduct, good.
His studies at piano show an
average of 79, and choral work, 45.
In vocational training hia chair
caning brings his average up to 94
and broom making to 87, giving
him a weekly average of 91 and
a general average of 76, with a
conduct mark of 95.
Members of the family are
proud of Leonard’s accomplish
ment* as the record given to The
CHICAGO,—Miss Agnes Mur
phy. aged 21, of this city, was
sentenced to two year* ia prism
for robbing 95 children of pews*
ia different seeUona ef the ettf
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