OCR Interpretation

The Key West citizen. [volume] (Key West, Fla.) 1879-current, August 24, 1933, Image 5

Image and text provided by University of Florida

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016244/1933-08-24/ed-1/seq-5/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for PAGE FIVE

What the Blue Eagle means to you
and how you can get it
The President's Reemployment Program is advancing to complete success. No such sweeping demonstration of the
unity of a whole people against a national danger has ever been made. • In this vast surge of patriotism it is neces
sary to keep our common purpose always clear. When 125,000,000 people attempt to act as one man there are sure
to be some misunderstandings. It is time to restate as clearly as possible the aim of the whole endeavor and the duty
of each individual • That is the purpose of this message—to state officially, briefly and clearly the simple rules
for common guidance. • It is an evidence of the self-sacrificing service of the whole country that this newspaper has
donated this space. In that spirit the whole country is acting. • This plan depends tvholly on united action. That unity
is almost complete. In the next few days let us close up every gap in the ranks and j / An /7t /
nail the flag of the Blue Eagle on the door of every man who works another man. yltAu/A **/[
(Sometime* miscalled “The Blanket Code”)
This Agreement bind* you to put its tens* Into effect
from tlic time you sign the Certificate of Compliance untU
December 81, 1933; but when the President has approved
A o*l<- for your trade or industry, that Cod* take* the
Mace of this Agreement.
You ayree;
Child Leber
(1) After August 31, 1933, not to employ any
Crson under 16 year* of age, except that person*
tween 14 and 16 may be employed (but nqt in
* * * mannfartnring or mechanical industries) for not
to exceed 3 hoar* per day and. those hours between
7 A. IM. and 7 P. M. in *u*b work a* will not inter
fere with hoars of day school.
This means’that after August 31, 1938, you agree not
to employ any children under 14 year* old in any kind
of business. You may employ children between 14 and
1# year* bid, hut only for three hour* a day and those
hours oiust be. between 7 in the morning ana 7 at night,
and arranged *<> as not to interfere with school. You
agree not to employ any children under 16 year* old In
a manufacturing or mechanical industry, at any time.
■ Maximum Hours
accounting, clerical, bank
ing, office, service, or sales employees (except out
side salesmen) In any store, office, department,
establishment, or pnblle utility, or on any auto
motive or horse-drawn passenger, express, delivery,
or frright service, or in any other place or manner,
for more than 40 hours in any 1 week and not to
reduce the hours of any store or service operation
to below 52 hours in any 1 week, unless such
hours were less than 32 hour* per week before
July 1, 1933, and in the.latter rase not to reduce
( such hours at all.
Tills means that you agree not to work any of the kinds
of employees listed in this paragraph (except outside
salesmen) for more than 46 hours a week. This para
- graph covers all employees except factory workers, me
chanical workers and artisans. However, no limit on
hours nml n> minimum wage applies to purely agricul
tural labor, domestic servants, or person* working for
you solely on a commission basis; but, if you have persons
working for you who are guaranteed a base pay in
addition to their commission, then their base pay plus
commissions must equal the minimum wage.
I bis Agreement sets no maximum on the number of
hours you may keep your business open. You agree not
to keep your wholesale, retail, or service establishment
osvn Kss than 53 hours a week unless It was onen lss
than 53 hours a week before July 1,1933. Even then you
to keep it open as lung as you used to keep It open
to for. July 1 Of course, if you have always kept your
st i.e open shorter hours in the Summer uumtlix you can
coi.Mnut to do so this Summer, but you should pay your
employee* the same amount each week that they will get
when you keep your store open full time.
The stores with more than two employees which remain
u;*n the longest are contributing the most to carrying
- out the purpose of the Agreement. The stores with two
or less employees which can he open only the minimum
* htfinlmr of hours required, are doing the most to fulfill
their pad.
(3 > Ant employ any factory or mechanical
wnrisrr ue artisan more than a maximum week of
hours until December 31, 1933, bat with the
rigoi < a work a maximum week of 40 hours for
any 6 weeks within this period; and not to employ
atn worker more than 8 hours to any one day.
This means that if vuu are employing factory or me
ehaUtcai workers or artisan*, you agree not to work them
iiwiT than 113 hours a week and not more than 8 hours
in any <mr day.
Wlvrn vu have more than the usual amount of work to
, th< ami cen t get Mihiitiouui workers, you may employ this
V ,-*. o! crtiptoyee up to 4b hours a week in any 6 weeks
Put ,-ven m this ca c you must not work them more than
S hours a day,
(1) The maximum hour* fixed in too hwgsiss
paragraph* (2) and (3) shall not apply to m
-l*o c s ia rsubUduiwah employing not more than
io pers*v* iu town* of less than 2,500 population
wlti a town* are net part of a larger trade area;
no.- to registered pharmacist* or other prsfritoscl
| ri>on ciupktved to their profession nor to no
|,'..iss )u a managerial or executive capacity, who
> - now receive mere than #35 per wcoht non to cm-
I .. its on emergency matetraanee and repair
unto; nor to very special cores where rrstrirtions
of hour* of highU skilled worker* on centtowwas
!*• would oswivaldahty reduce graduation but,
in ,M,dt special case, at feast tone and our third
ahull he paid fur boom washed in extras mi the
ttw# \ ini etc*, Pipiitaiwi# far the pnrnnsra of this
axrcmn at shall ho determined hy refer once to the
I l iU> federal erase*.
This **:•* that three are certain employee* whom you
m.v work longer tvour* than are allowed by paragraph*
(3) P tt. A,
It v our iwMlorxxi# m e small town (population km than
S4H’ bf the *M* tvnsus) and you du net employ more
than two prfwous, the (twit uu hour* few nut apply to
tbrsr rthphn rrx. If your town u really a part of a larger
, . IwcMvr * community, the limit mi hours doc* apply to
tlws- roqOwyec*.
The limit on hours due* not apply to year employee*
' who are wholly or primarily managers *r executive*, as
hot st they receive $35 a week, rmhuhMl persons,
like doctors, tawterx reghleml pharmacist# and unn,
ttutv he rmptovrd without mitf limit un haft.
tt tore riephqw* 4U* doing; rawrgrary jutes of esaiatc
nomx or raptor veto, they may ho kept unto* job for
longer hours, but you agree to pay them at least time and
one-third for hours worked over the limits set in para
graphs (2) and (3) P. R. A.
There are a few very special cases where highly skilled
workers must be allowed to work more than the limit of
hours in order to keep up output on continuous processes,
but, here again, you agree to pay them at least time and
one-third for the hours they work over the limits set in
paragraphs (2) and (3) P. R. A.
Minimum Wages
(5) Not to pay any of the classes of employees
mentioned in paragraph (2) less than sls per
week to any city of over 500,000 population, or in
the immediate trade area of such city; nor less
than $14.50 per week in any city of between
250,000 and 500,000 population, or to the im
mediate trade area of snch city; nor less than sl4
per week in any city of between 2,500 and 250,000
population, or in the immediate trade area of snch
city and in towns of less than 2,500 population go
increase all wages by not less than 20 per cent,
provided that this shall not require wages in excess
of sl2 per week.
This sets out the schedule of minimum wages which you
agree to pay all employees, except factory or mechanical
workers or artisans. The wages are set Pout In terms of
dollars per week, but If your employees are paid by the
hour, you may use the following schedule;
Place of Butlneus Minimum Waget
{Population by 1930 Crnnu)
In cities of 500,000 or over...- 37*4 cento per hour
In cities of between 250,000 and
500,000 36)4 cento per hour
In cities of between 2,500 and
250,000 .................................... 35 cents per hour
If your business Is in a town of less than 2,000 popula
tion, you agree to raise all wages at least 20%. If raising
all wages 20% causes you to jmy over sl2 per week,
then you need pay the sl2 per week.
If there Is any doubt in your mind as to whether your
business is in the “Immediate trade area” of a city, you
should ask your local Chamber of Commerce or other
similar organization for a decision on the matter. The
general rule is that the “immediate trade area” is the
area in which there is direct retoil competition.
(6) Not to pay any employee of the classes men
tioned in paragraph (3) less Aan 40 cento per
hour unless the hourly rate for the same doss of
work on Jnly 15, 1929, was less than 40 cento per
hour, in which latter ease not to pay less than the
hourly rate on Jnly 15, 1929, and to no event less
than 30 cants per hoar. It is agreed that this para
graph establishes a guaranteed minimum rate of
pay regardless bf whether the employee is com
pensate! on the basis of a time rate or on a piece
work performance.
This fixes the minimum wage which you agree to pay
factory and mechanical workers and artisans. The fol
lowing schedule may help you to find out the proper rate:
1/ lh T.t. for it, icmi list ft, ixtataMis, rut. *tkt J**
of work m it, M mo emmmuniiy
om Jml, IS. 19*9. wr •*• *• PU, Ut
More than 40c an h0ur...40c an hour
30c to 40e an hour The July 15,1929h0ur1y rate
lea than 30c an h00r.....30e an hour
Instead of paying by the hour, you may pay by the
week at a rate which gives the same weekly earning*
for a week of 33 hours. For example, instead of 40c an
Hour, you may pay sl4 per week.
If you had a contract on or before August 1,1933, with
a learner or apprentice, you do not have to pay him the
minimum warte, but no one should be classed as a learner
or an apptmtice who has ever been employed as a regu
lar worker in your industry.
(?) Not to reduce the compensation lor employ
ment now to excess of the minimum wages hereby
agreed to ( notwithstanding that the hours worked
to such employment may he hereby reduced) and
to increase the pay for such employment by an
equitable readjustment of all pay schedules.
Two official Interpretations—No. 1 and No. 20—have
been issued, explaining this paragraph. Yea can get copies
of these at vour local Chamber of Commerce or from
the nearest N. R. A. representative.
(S) Not to oe any subterfuge to frustrate rim
spirit and intent of thin Agreement which Is, among
other things, to tosrsosa implayTOimt hy • wak
tmol covenant, to remove obsiturtinns to com
merce, and to shorten hours and to raise wage* for
the shorter week to a Bring basis.
7kit it tkm tort of th. wfiois Jyrwswst. Tkt Pmi
rf#af* Plow fe to core tkit depression by mcroumy pur
ekotioy yosvr. You ran ktip him put tkit ptmu over bp
rstohniy ripmimp tkit Agreement to shorten hours and
raw# esbr. Tktr. it u e force to compel you. to tipu
tkit Agreement, it is not ft feo^grnirasdagrsemrnt
pou to fentryltof in poor poorer to earn oJTtJko
tpirit of the Agrass* sot uftrr smmi
gooff not hy jwaT getting I ood 2ten not*doing poor
It mould ho o ’ntorfef* to fruttruit the spirit uqi
tot rut of tkm Agraemeof* to rig* it and than put oil of
pout rang topee* so a etofepht tommisriim fenis "#r any
other tsfek to oooid rtfetf yoo fwomiso to da.
1. Sign the President's Reemployment Agreement ( P.R.A.).
2. Shorten Hour* of factory workers to 35 hours per week, and of q M other employees to 40
hours per week. (See paragraphs 2,3 and 4, P.R.A.)
3. Raise Wages. (See paragraphs 5,6 , aid 7, P.R.A.)
4. Don't Employ Child Labor. (See paragraph I, P.R.A.)
5. Cooperate with the President. To do this:
(a) Live Up to the Agreement. (See paragraph 8, P.R.A.)
(b) Dent Profiteer. (See paragraph 9, P.R.A.)
(c) Deal Only with Others “Under the Blue Eagle." (See paragraphs 10 and 12.)
(and) Get m Code in by September Ift. (See paragraphs 11 and 13 , P.R.A.)
1. Sign the President's Reemployment Agreement.
2. Mall the Signed Agreement to your District Office of the Department of Commerce.
3. Put the Agreement Into Effect (as outlined above in “ How to Earn the Blue Eagle").
4. Sign a Certificate of Compliance. This is a slip distributed with the Agreement. It
says: “ I/We certify that we have adjusted the hours of labor and die wages of our employees
to accord with the President's Reemployment Agreement, which we have signed."
9. Deliver the Certificate of Compliance to Your Post Office. The Postmaster will
give you your Blue Eagle.
1. Where a Code Has Been Submitted. (See
paragraph 13, President’s Reemployment Agree
ment). If your whole Trade or Industry is unable
to live up to the President’s Agreement, you
should get together at once, with other employers
in your Trade or Industry and. In a group, sub
mit a Cod* of Fair Competition to N. R. A. in
Since it takes some time after a Code has
been submitted for it to be finally approved, your
group may petition N. R. A. to substitute the
wages and hours provisions of your Code for the
wages and hours previsions of the President’s
Reemployment Agreement
If N. R. A. finds that the Code provisions are
within the spirit of the President's Reemploy
ment Agreement, it will consent to such substitu
tions. If N. R. A. does consent there will be an
official notice in ail the papers. You may then put
the substituted provisions into effect in place of
the indicated paragraphs of the President's Re
employment Agreement In this case you should
add to your Certificate of Compliance the fol
lowing clause: “To the extent of N. R. A. con
sent as announced, we have complied with the
President’s Agreement by complying with the
substituted provisions of the Code submitted by
the Trade/Industry.”
If the substitution is consented to after yon
have already put the President’s Reemployment
Agreement into full effect, and after you have
already gotten your Bine Eagle, you may still
put the substituted provisions into effect without
signing another Certificate of Compliance.
2. Where a Code Has Been Approved. If a
Code of Fair Competition for your Trade or
Industry has already been finally approved by
the President, you need not sign the President's
Reemployment Agreement In order to get the
Blue Eagle. The same is true If you are subject
to a Code which has been put into effect tempo
rarily by agreement between the President and
Strata Lives of jronr Trade or Industry; but in
of these cases, you must sign a Certificate
of Compliance, adding to it the following state
ment: "We have complied with the operative pro
visions of the Code for the Trade/Industry *
3. Case* of individual Hardship. (Paragraph
14, President’* Reemployment Agreement).
If there arc some peculiar reasons why a par
ticular precision of the President'* Agreement
will cbbst you. individually, a greet and unavoid
able hardship, you may *till get the Blue Eagle
by taking the following steps:
(a) Sign the Agreement sad mall K to your
District Office of the Department at Commerce.
Official Statement of the Bhe Eagle Division, N.R.A., Washington, D- C.
(b) Prepare a petition to N. R. A. setting out
the reasons why you cannot comply with certain
provisions, and requesting that as exception be
made in your case.
(c) Have this petition approved by your Trade
Association. If there U an Trade Association for
your business, have your petition approved by
your local Chamber of Commerce or other repre
sentative organisation designated by N. R. A.
(and) If the Trade Association, or other organi
zation, approves your petition, send it to N. fit. A.
in Washington with this approval.
(e) Comply with ail the provisions of the
Agreement except the one you are petitioning to
have excepted.
(f) Sign the Certificate of Compliance, adding
to it the following clause; “Except for those
interim provisions regarding wages and hoars
which have been approved by the -
Trade Association/’ Deliver this Certificate of
Compliance to vour Post Office. Yon will receive
a Blue Eagle, but before displaying it, you most
put a white bar across its breast with the word
“Provisional” on it- If jerar petition is floally
approved by N. R. A. yea may take tits her
down. It your petition is not approved by N. R.A.
yon most comply with the Agreement tn full.
4. Union Contract*. If you have a contract
with a labor organization calling for longer hours
than the President’* Agreement allows, and this
contract was made in good faith by collective
bargaining aad cannot be changed by yes alone,
try to get the labor organization to agree to a
reduction to the maximum hears allowed by the
President’s Agreement. If the labor organiza
tion will not agree, you may apply to N. R. A.
for permission to work your employees as many
hours a week as the contract calls for. Send to
N. R. A. a request for this permission, with a
certified copy of the labor contract aad any
statement of fact you desire. This application
will be handled by N. R. A. in the same manner
as an application for relief hi eases of individual
hardship, filed under paragraph (14) P. R. A-,
but it wdl not be amceasary to obtain the ap
proval of a trade association or ether organisa
tion. If N. R. A. approves your application or
is aide to bring about art modification of toe
contract, you arfU then be granted msncdssien
to work employees fas acrordaneu srftfc the can
tract as originally written or madUlad, and am
then sign the Certificate of Caflfenm adding
to it toe following; “Except a* required to
comply with the terms of the Agreeaacnt In effect
between the 'undersigned and tea (Name of
Labor Organization)”
2S I&'sJsriSy'St Z.’ZJrz'itft
1933, bymorefejm I, made tmemsfeyfer
of merchandise, or by ton* or other coats mS
aizstMte raiSjrfSE*
•uch price totrawti, to fire fall weighty
increases in aalcc vefaune and to refram from taftJn*
profiteering advantage of the —ing public.
The object of thia paragraph is to prevent profiteering
or speculation, so that prices wfil net rise faster bw pa?
chasing power, and destroy the President 1 * plan. Ibadan*
Ser to be avoided was pointed oat by the President on
une 18,1933, in the statement which he mode on signing
the Recovery Act. He said, then:
•‘lf wa now inflate prices as fart and as far as we
increase wages, the whole project will ha set at
naught. We cannot hope for the fell effect of this
plan unices, in theso first critical months, and, oven
at the expense of foil initial pewits, wo defer price
increases as long as possible. If we can thus start
. urszspja image
operations in 6m last quarter of tbfe year. The
penMqt demd of this people fe wsiy greet, ad
if we can release it en so bewad a wo need wet
fear a lagging recovery. There is greater danger
of too xnach feverish speed.**
If you were selling poor merchandise on July 1, 1988, * *
below cost, you may take your cost price on feat dote os
the basis for determining the allowabis tncreaso under
this paragraph.
(10) To support end patronise otfahHshmoate
saj’sjr.ips: FTfesr
The success of fee President’s Reemployment Agree*
ment Program depends upon public support going to
th .T.^ ho . r * ,se wa *** * na ,hort * D Mm in fitMordonsc
with this Agreement, In order to repay them for the extra
expense which they have Incurred in doing their pari.
(ID To eeopeasle to the finllast extent In boring
o Code of Fair Competition submitted by his In
teKCSSt *'**'
This Agreement is o temporary nurture to tide over
, Inc time from now until all employers and employee# can
cooperate under Codes of Fair Competition under the
National industrial Recovery Act. You agree, In tide t
paragraph, to do all you con to Haas t Code submitted *
for your trade or industry Mora September f, UNft
Appvifilfitff AtfjufitnNMtfi
** (It) Whose, before June 16, 1933, ih.ender
signed had contracted to pnsehasa goods at * fit ad
price for delivery during the period ml this A—uc
meat, the undersigned will make an appropriate
adjustment of said fixed price to atari any Increase
in cost caused by the sailer baring signed this
President’s Reamp ley me at h get emeus or baring
become bound by any Code of Fair Csmpsllrtsu
approved by the President.
ThU Agreement will, usually, increase the costs el
those who sign it The purpose of this paragraph Is to
pass any such increased costs along from one signer to
another, and so on to the consumer.
If you have a contract made before June M, 1983, to
buy goods at a fined price, you agree to make an arrange*
meat with your seller so feet you nay Mm far the extra
cost to him caused by his having signed this Agreement,
or having come under a Code approved by fee President.
In some cases the final buyer is the Government, which,
under existing law, Is generally not allowed to pay mom
than the contract price. The President baa announced
that he will recommend to Coagveas feat appropriations
be made to allow the Government to play its part by
paying Government contractors who Wo signed the
Agreement for their increased costs. Tbs Pmridext has
also appealed to the States and cities to tabs act km per
mitting them to da likewise.
You should have m teas that, bsmasa your buyer has
not signed, you will be left wife the increased cost oq you
alone. Tbs President expects tvtrp employ tr to tifU tills
by fee wfieb
is subject | or, if (be ft. R. A. so elects, upon tub
mission of a Code to wbkh fee undersign vd is sub
ject ami •abriteatlow of any of its pruetstoas fee
any of fee seems of this Agreement.
As printed out la fee explanation af paragraph (II)
i*. R. A. above, the President ptaas to have ail Urinari
govern itself under Codes, and therefor# Codes should hs
promptly submitted If N. R. A. finds feat the wages
and hours provisions of u Coda which has hori trinattfed
are within fee spirit of this Agreement, V. ft. A ; wW *
authorize your industry to operate under those provtotons
rather than under the wage# and boars provision# f this
CH> * I# MTad feri way,
do hU pan in the Prusideut a Reemptoy mtn% OHto
by signing this Agreement. N wfco W*wW tori
Mow particular pro ririon hereof, berens# af purm
abide by fen dtrirism of swab fe i urigSStoa Tf*
s&zf&sz st ’**" *
If ,* really want to doyawf port to *•_**■*
part eftSaAgi r/msnt amnusyoo. my SC

xml | txt