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SCcy Went Citizen I'uljiifh ii Baily Except Sunday By THK CITIZEN PIBUSHBiG CO., ISC. •*i P. AHTMA.V, President and I'ublinher JOE ALLb'S, Assistant llunlncti Maasgrr e'rorn The Citizen Building Corner Greene and Ann Streets Newspaper in Key West and Monroe -*■* County ■ at Key West, Florida, as second class matter Member of the Associated Presa n<i Press is exclusively entitled to use of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper and atso tlA.3°C3l news published here. AjjLti v e__ 1 ’ HCIISCniPT/ON KATES "t Var „. ... SIO.OO Months 6.00 rhife*> Months .... 2.50 One M&ith 85 Weekly 20 ... . •- AKVEKTISI.NG KATES Made known on application. SPECIAL NOTICE A4l 'soadinK notices, cards of thanks, resolutions of r -sjn •, obituary notices, etc., will be charged for at *iate of 10 cents a line. N'ottecs - for entertainments by churches from which a revenue is to he derived are 5 cents a line. Yt.e Citizen is an open forum and invites discus sion of public issues and subjects of local or general hut it will not publish anonymous corn mum cl t ions. —— _____ IMPROVEMENTS FOR KEY WEST ADVOCATED BY THE CITIZEN I ’ 1. water and Sewerage. 2 Comprehensive City Flan (Zoning). I ' Jf." “Hotels and Apartments. _i Bathing Pavilion. Airports—Land and Sea. ~6- Consolidation of County and City .—; Governments. -It doesn’t make any difference on which side your bread is buttered, for it is the usual thing to eat both sides. Not every man you see with a tooth pick in his mouth has had a square meal. —Ttmcs-Union. Nor a training in eti quette.- _lt .is said that gentlemen prefer blondes until one of them chases him with a in one hand and a rolling-pin in the other. ,_.When 13 sit down at table, have one at least eat for two, and you break the ill luck charm. Have no fear, there will al ways be some who will eat for two. Have you ever stopped to figure that j the*K*y Wester who spends more time Ending to other people’s business than to his own is never burdened with a very i heavy income tax assessment? 3Ti!ler wants it distinctly understood thaCE&r'took over Austria minus her debts. being a business man, Hitler does not that when one buys a business he ftlso assumes the obigations nolens vol^s. SXfrnll of her other activities, Mrs. Honiitii aU has added that of a directorship in tKa insurance firm of Roosevelt & Sar genli.r All this column can say is that her condSft.Hon will not hurt this insurance firnrtyfrnv extent. ■ Advertising m The Citizen will not worfrnnv miracles that we ever heard of, but tf you want your business to grow and are; willing to put some thought to it, ad vertising will make the people know what youriave to sell. The personnel of The Citizen’s advertising department is ever willing to help you word your meftssffge. * . 4-We must have a large air fleet to meet any encroachment from foreign powers* and since we will use it only for the burden will be on the other .ide **Hth a big ocean between. European air bases on this side of the Atlantic must be vmitehed in which the cooperation of the SX-nations to the south of the United State*.ls required. Folks used to consult the dictionary wheiT*ijhey wanted to know how to pro nounce a word. Now they listen to the radio announcers.—Times-Union. And re main jpisinformed. For instance the Quin tuplets, in the public eye and mouth since their •birth, are so often mentioned on the radio, and most of the announcers are still in thejjahit of accenting the second syllable instead of the first. This writer will con tinue to stick to the dictionary. % A CHRISTMAS PRESENT There was a real Christmas present for Key West wrapped up in the an nouncement that a wing of 18 naval sea planes, two destroyers and a seaplane tender, together with 65 officers and 300 enlisted personnel, would be here for two months or more beginning Jan. 8, in con nection with battle fleet maneuvers being ■ € * arranged when the Pacific fleet passes in to the Atlantic this winter. Presence of the planes and vessels in Key West will bring a considerable volume of publicity for the city, attract attention to the fact facilities here for handling auxiliary naval craft are unexcelled and i focus official interest on the plan to de velop an airport on Stock Island. The need for such an airport is indicated by the fact the 18 naval planes are to be based at the old naval air training station on Trumbo Island, use of which has been granted the navy department by Sam An derson Properties, Inc. There is no other spot at present available for beaching sea planes after they have alighted on the waters of Florida Bay. The visit of the naval seaplanes and vessels also will be a source of consider able revenue for the merchants and other commercial interests of the city. They will call for and demand certain services and supplies that will give our people ad ditional employment this winter. Many visitors will come here and will take an avid interest in the fleet of air and sea ships and the officers and men who handle them. It will be a show worth coming miles to see and the visitor influx will add to the volume of trade and commercial ac tivity in Key West. Plans for a first-class airport on Stock Island have been prepared by WPA and the job probably would be undertaken if the city can scrape up the money to pay its portion of the cost. There would be three 2500-foot runways and ample ad jacent water space for seaplane opera tions. The project would require a large amount of fill and considerable work clearing and grubbing the land. Fill is as sured. The State Highway Department has agreed to donate the old roadbed of the Florida East Coast railroad. This can be moved to the proper spots at small cost. Additional fill can be taken from a pit at the north end of the island. Directors of the Key West Golf club have gone on record as being opposed to the airport development because it would encroach on the present nine-hole course and eliminate the area on which it was hoped to develop an additional nine holes. There seems to be no expectation of im mediate development of the island into an 18-hole golf course, so that The Citizen believes the Key West golfers should yield gracefully in the interest of the creation of an airport that would pay dividends to every business and commercial interest in the city. If Key West had a good aiiport with seaplane facilities there is no question it would be utilized by the army and navy air forces—a step in the re-establishment j of the Key West Naval Station and Army Barracks on an active basis. *— ■" GERMANY FIGHTS THE WORLD Following up the peace of Munich the German government has increased the Reich standing army to one million men, making it the largest peacetime army in the world, with the exception of Russia. Morover, the German government is using half of its expenditure for the purpose of rearmament and the nation is regimented for a single purpose, that is, to make effective warfare. Of course, the economic situation in Germany is bad. It has reverted to a barter system in international trade, not because of preference, but because it can not finance trade any other way. Even Dr. Schacht. financial wizard, admits this and 'hl?s upon other nations to make it possible for Germany to go back to former trading methods. He says the new system was forced upon Germany by “American and British tariff increases and the French quota system.” Every sensible person knows that Germany is dissatisfied with its lot in the world and that its rulers have determined to use force to secure advantages when ever and wherever possible. Asa result other nations are rearming in order to make sure that Hitler and his minions, in cluding his allies, will not be able to take by force what they possess. TtlE KEY WEST CITIZEN By HUGO S. SIMS, Special Washington Correspondent of The Citizen PAN-AMERICAN PARLEY i EUROPE INTERESTED U. S. PRESTIGE HIGH SOME DIFFERENCES IT ! SEEKING COMMERCE NEW FUNDS FOR FHA EDEN'S VISIT DANGERS OF WAR ECONOMIC PROBLEM RELIEF AND DEFENSE j ————— The Eighth International Con ference oi American States in Lima, Pei u, last week attracted considerable interest, not only in ; the states represented in the meeting, but also in Europe! where several nations have what they consider important interests ai stake. i With every nation in the West-! ern Hemisphere represented and apparently intent upon proclaim-: i mg to" the world the solidarity of j the Western Hemisphere, the delegates face a difficult task in the framing of declarations to ! ; suit the individual peculiarities of the nations involved. There: was evident a desire not to flaunt 1 a spirit of isolation from world affairs and, on the part of several, important South American na tions, an anxiety not to offend European nations, hereaofore i closely attached by interests and blood ties. I It is interesting to note that, | for the first time, such differences j of opinion as exist, do not involve, the United States which, hereto- j fore, has been the target of a Latin-American bloc usually led by Argentina. Some of the na tions desired to proclaim imme diately some form of agreement relating to the joint defense of ! this part of the world, but the! Ax gentinans were strongly oppos- i ed to anything like an American League of Nations, a projected. j American Court of International ’Justice, and to anything like a I I continental alliance. Tne Ameri-j can delegation, for the most part, j was not involved in the struggle i between the opposing camps, but rather devoted its time to an at- tempt to find a common view- i point. The capital of Peru, now en joying < s Summer season, was i extravagantly decorated with ! flags as the delegates arrived. It j is worth noting that every nation in the Western Hemisphere owes its origin to a revolution and most ot the South American coun tries venerate common patriots. The general idea was that a de fensive alliance in the form of a treaty was unnecessary. Much stress was placed upon the im po* ance of developing trade and cultural relations between the two Americas. At the same time, it was point ed out that there is considerable diffeience between f.he people ot tne United States and Canada, j tor example, and the inhabitants uf*the other nations. Most of them | descended from Latin races, with he culture of old Spain as well as its-religion. This is quite dif- j ferent from the Anglo-Saxon tra uitior.s of the English and Amer ican people, but, in the opinion of all speakers, a demonstration I of the ability of nations to live I :ugether in peace and to develop their mutual interests. One of the results of the con ference will be to focus the at tention of the people of the Unit ed S ates upon the nations of South America. Their import ance in the future trade prospects of the United States receives new consideration. The standing of the United Stc es has never been better. Since the conference at Montevideo, Uruguay, five years ago. when Mr. Hull convinced Latin-Amenea that the Good Neighbor Policy was sincere, the , prestige of he United States has grown immeasurably. In fact, some of the Latin-American dele gates went to Lima with instruc tions to vote with the United S ates delegation on all topics. This is, indeed, an unusual con dition. That one of the prime motives of the United States is to im prove trade with these countries is apparent from the declaration in Washington that Secretary oi the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr., is studying possible efforts to make available adequate ex change facilities wih South and Central American countries, j While none of the Latin-Amen i can countries owe the United i States Treasury any money, sev eral of them have borrowed ex tensively from private investors. The possibility of lending gold o these countries in order to stimu late their buying of goods from the United States is receiving at tention. Before it can be done, however, Congress would have .o authorize direct loans. Trade figures for the first ten months of this year show that American goods to the amount of $520,000,000 were sold to Latin- America and that, the United States bought $622,000,000 worth from Latni-America. This means that we are selling about one fifth of our exports to the Latin- American countries, and buying from '.he nations, of this hemi sphere about one-fourth of our imports. Acting according to an act of Congress, passed last February, President Roosevelt has approved an increase of $1,000,000,000 in the capacity of the Federal Hous ing Administration to insure resi ded ial mortgages. The Presi dent’s action was taken upon re ceipt of a letter from Ste Wart MacDonald, Federal Housing Ad ministrator, who pointed out that on December 1 the FHA had in sured mor gages amounting to $1,585,000,000, leaving it an unob ligated balance of $415,000,000. The appraisals already were in progress on applications amount ing to $115,000,000 and new appli cations were coming in at the rate of $100,000,000 a month. Conse quently, it was necessary, if the FHA was to continue i) s pro gram, to have an authorization for more than the $2,000,000,000 set by the Act of Congress. The visit of Anthony Eden to the United Slates seems to have aroused some interest in Japan, where spokesmen recently an nounced that the Japanese Gov ernment had given up hope of driving a wedge between Great Britain and the United Sta es. Henceforth, it was said, the is land policy would become firmer against the United States. , The British Government, some weeks ago, admitted that it had under consideration a loan to China, which would, of course, help her in her resistance to the Japanese. Some years ago observers pre dicted that 1939 and 1940 would be years of danger, when Ger many and Italy would reach the peak of their fighting strength before facing ad eady decline of military power as Great Britain and France got their reaimament programs underway. Recent events, including the Italian agi tation for French territory and Eases Vicious Itch For itch tortured skin that needs comforting relief, use Imperial Lo tion. Swiftly it eases the itching discomfort of eczema, rash, tetter, ringworm, scabies, scalp, between toes, etc. 35c and sl. Money back if not satisfied. Imperial Medicine Cos., Desk 5, Houston, Tex. OVERSEAS TRANSPORTATION CO., INC. Fast, Dependable Freight and Express Service —between— MIAMI and KEY WEST Also Serving All Points on Florida Keys between MIAMI AND K.EY WEST .—O TWO ROUND TRIPS DAILY (Except Sunday) Direct Between Miami and Key West. DIRECT EXPRESS: Leaves Miami 2:00 o’clock A. M., arriving Key West 7:00 o’clock A. M. Leaves Key West 0:00 o'clock A. M., arriving Miami 2:00 o’clock P. M. LOCAL: (serving all intermediate points) Leaves Miami 9:00 o’clock A. M., arriving Key West 4:00 o’clock P. M. Leaves Key West 8:00 o’clock A. M.. arriving Miami 3:00 o’clock P. M. o Free Pick-Up and Delivery Service Full Cargo Insurance Office: 813 Caroline St. Telephones 92 and 68 Warehouse—Corner Eaton and Francis Streets PEOPLE’S FORUM FAVORS OPENING OF KEY WEST NAVY YARD Editor. The Citizen: We have read with much inter est your editorial on i he neces sity for the immediate opening of the Navy Yard with which we fully concur. Every person who the German a- titude toward Me mel, indicates that the leaders of these two aggressive powers real ize that their advantage is tem porary. Whatever claims they have to advance might as well be set out now and if a war is to be fought, this is the best time for the battle, so far as .German and Italian prospects, are con ce. ned wi, h possible victory. The big economic problem be fore the nation is the balancing of income between various popu lation groups in order to facili tate the exchange of goods and services. The farm portion of the economic order has not been re ceiving its share of the national income and. inevl ably, this pro duces complications that lead to depressions. From the farms of the nation come the buying pow er that makes industry hum and it is essential to the con! inued prosperity of the people of this country that farmers manage to secure a reasonable profit from their operations. The ariff, which holds up the prices of man ufactured goods, is offset, to some extent, by governmental benefits to farmers under the AAA pro grams. That perfect equali! y has not yet resulted is apparent and further steps to this end arc cer tain. There Is every indication that .he rearmament program of the United Slates will proceed along sane and sound lines, without be ing mixed up in any “pump-prim ing” purpose and without extra vagant expendi.ures to over-em phasize any particular defense unit. It is estimated that some three or four hundred million dol lars, in addition to last year’s bil lion dollars, will be necessary in the next fiscal year, but this, it is thought, can be secured withou. increasing total-expenditures over this year. The improvement of business conditions, with conse quent lessening of unemployment, may make possible smaller relief expenditures to offsel. increased defense costs. DeSOTO HOTEL 373 Main SL Sarasota. Fla- Vacation Land OPEN ALL YEAR EUROPEAN PLAN f All Outside Rooms Quiet, Clean, Good Beds Free Parking Rales ' sl-25. $! 50, $1.75 sing)* ■ $2.00, $2.25, $2.50 double La Verne Apartments 336 So. Osprey Ave. . Everything furnished tot housekeeping. Moderate rates by week or month has been even remotely connect ed with Naval affairs in any part of this country knows that this Navy Yard should be equipped j with a large dry dock. One that will accommodate the largest j type of cruisers contemplated by i the recent naval program. Jacksonville and Tampa are too i far away in case of an accident . to the hull of a battleship in or i near the coastal limits of Key i West. Besides, those dry docks ! are too small to receive the larg est type of naval vessels. During ‘the time of the Span ish-American war the U.S.S. Mas sachusetts ran on some rocks near Dry Tortugas, and it would have I been very convenient if the Navy ; had had a dry dock at Key West at that time. When the U.S.S. Brooklyn was fully loaded and on its way to join the fleet near Cuba in the war above referred to, the winds and ice drove that battleship off its course and upon the rocks. ; which made it necessary' to take that ship to the only dry dock ; then available and which was surrounded with heavy ice jams. The repairs to the hull had to be carried on day and night during very severe winter weather in or der to make the ship ready to re join the fleet before Cervera ar rived with the Spanish fleet. All the stores and ammunition had to be taken off the ship and re placed after the repairs were completed. Had this work been possible in a dry dock located in a milder i climate, the repairs could have been completed in one-half the I time required by the shipwrights working in snow and ice and un i der the worst climatic conditions. It is recommended that the pro : posed dry dock for Key West be at least 1000 feet long and 209 feq; wide at the top so as to ac ; commodate two submarines I abreast for repairs, repainting. ' etc. It is also recommended that gates or caissons be placed at both ends with two intermediate gq es so that one ship can be tak en out without stopping the Round Out (foul KEY WE S T \JUit “ HAVANA -J-S; P& O Steamship CUBA Wilt, 8:50i.m Ar. Havana, 3:00p.m. same afternoon \ / tHW TRIP I y Havana 9 00 a m T \ / INCLUDING MEALS / " ". nw.y. w aHO BERTH AT SEA Ar. Key West, 3:15 p.m. same afternoon | * CUBAN IOUIUST TAX 50* 10 DAY LIMIT To PORT TAMPA, Tuesdays and Fridays, 5 p. m. Tka PENINSULAR A OCCIDENTAL S. S. COMPANY for Inlowesion, Mm and RtirnrUeiu, PWone 14 J. H. COSTAR, Ajent THE GIFT with a /of of "give dollar will buy more in THE KEY WEST ELECTRIC CO. NO MONTHLY PAYMENTS UNTIL MARCH Only • Small Down Pifial NoorMl MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 193S Today’s Birthdays U. S. Senator Gerald P. Nye of j North Dakota, born at Horton ville, Wis, 46 years ago. John D. Biggers of Toledo, glass manufacturer, former un | employment census chief, born in St. Louis, 50 years ago. Dusolina Giannmi, concert singer, born in Philadelphia, 36 \ years ago. Dr. Donald B. Armstrong of 1 New York City, noted hygienist, president of the Natl. Health Council, born at Bangor, Pa., 52 years ago. Oliver La Farge, 11, of New York, author, born there, 37 years ago. i Charles G. Darwin, English scientist and school head, grand son ot the evolutionist, bom 51 years ago. work upon the other ships in the dry dock. It is also recommended that j this dry dock be built of concrete and faced wilh granite, similar in , ail respects to the dry dock now owned by the U. S. government and loca ed in South Boston, Mas i sachusetts. The estimated cost of such a dry dock, including the pumps and eled ric winches, caissons, etc., complete is two million dol lars. The work would employ 590 men for two years and the dred ing would employ 100 men for , six months at an estimated cost of an additional one-half million dollars. With a dry dock of this type and an 18-inch wa er pipe from the city to the mainland, Key West would become a frist-class Naval Station and the city would become at once self-sustaining. Every one who has gone into the si uation believes that an up to-date Naval Station at Key West is a military necessity. Respectfully, CHARLES H. UMSTEAD. P.O. Box 701, Benjamin Franklin Station, Washington, D. C., ; Dec. 15, 1938.