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<£l?r Keg 3Pflsf Citfecn * • . IhUt, Except Sunday, by !. r tuTM.Wa Owner and PekUikn dK ai.i.K*. teiinwi ■■■>* Ki .... The CltUen Building t itft uieene and Ann Street* Cm iai>> Newspaper In Key .Weit and . Monroe County • i K> Heat. Florida, aa aeeond alias matter ay.MtiKM or THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tie Am* it,led Frees la exclusively entitled to *- ... rt<u( teation of all news dispatches credited • au< wise credited in this paper and aie- a !■ al t,ewa published here. SLHStJUP'hb.N RATES ,JE *>tnt. *.OO MflMr Sratli. - ATS .'♦ Month ___ s. 1.00 M'eer.v ; .1* ADVERTISING RATES • * (fade known on application. XC~ SPECIAL NOTICE vpl reading notices, cards of thanks, resolutions f mepect, obituary notices, poema, eta, will ho *ta rated for at the rate of 10 cents a Una _AUaUes for eotertalnment by churahsa from rhh-h revenue U to be derived are S tents a Una The Cltimen is aa opsn forum and invites ale . . uumovu of public tusues and subjests of local or raaerat interest but It will not publish anonymous imitations. . NATIONAL €DITOWAI_ :: TL JCFBOTSKEHTS rOB BBT WBBT ADVOCATED BY TUB CITXXBB !. TANARUS% M<w Hotels and Apartments. -- -- \ Batch and Bathing Pavilion. ftlrmirn limt Bad ■ .* fgj ponsAHWttai ofjgowty wjd " RW * - \ _ > tPFww DECISIVE BATTLE OF THE ATfsl#lt T HTf lit' reviewing the war against German U-4>oats in the Atlantic, Admiral Jonas H. Ilfrram. commander in chief of the Atlantic JEJfiet, quite correctly asserts that the deci- Tfre battle of the Atlantic was possibly the tpiamph of Anglo-American arms in Eu- Jf P*. * The Germans, according to the Ad miral, began their U-boat war against us in Jaul&ary, 1941, with 118 submarines, but by March 1, 1945, the number had in creased to 450, with about 150 constantly in action during the and 1943. In the spring of 1 took a disastrous toll of our shipping.but shortly Utettiaiter the tide turned. American naval force* accounted for at lesfst 126 of the teßre than 900 U-boats sunk in the Atlantic. V" This year, when news was received ■♦formidable wojfpack” of*U-boatH> ■ESE.I ee route to the Atlantic Coast, they.; TSFTes ufHH yire -IWT-t'nnk and the blitz against the coast . did not develop, aUhViigh Admiral Ingram •lands by bis warning a few months ago tltet buzz-bombs might have reached the emit coast except for precautions taken by the Navy. * J "pearly every American will recall the tliiiEatrous consequences of our lack of pa trol vessels in the early days of the war when G erman U-boats were sinking ships rrjfularly off the Atlantic coast. Many do wot realize, however, that the Atlantic Fleet ascorted 15,760 ships across the ocean, losing less than a score of those is cottvoy. Even- five days a group of jdnps loft his eountty for the United KingcWfn, Jee land or Africa and at all times, jveTtad at i lease 450 cargo ship’ ami 75 esebrfi* at sea. NO PLACE IS THREE AWAY Ptcr-u!'. nt Truman advised his country- Hi. : f ’ w eks a;ro “to take a good look at e . • n s.” And he pointed out that jr. i ••' c: the globe is more than s hwav -< • ou“ comfortable homes 1 —Wf ! row th ; ? time i steadily deoreas ir Amei i • < ca:i no longer sit behind | ii v tkv *♦ 1 ' . * 5 : no. Too much is at j •• a*t ik: :xn he of the world | —" r **• rri.-t : willing to cooperate with ARj l.’ ’• >b k the first sign of ag- j i*i tN p-.'t >r any nation. The j cfeiQjj #"la ouj -. 1 i'.*p confident that the av- I A -le-i in use his most precious; . common sense, in the solution of j U* Mi**- is; p*o! ’ems tp the day.” h * (l. ’. o speech does not mean CM Hr- a talk! x '(■rO , f V. I . j t *, * o Aimir i•au,,air force, by bombing ! ri.r ( i .*•( viiai years until the city was |ia Kaliy impoten . made it easy for the 1 ussi. it - *<> r'Mt ■ the capture, and as a re * ' ;ta!i oba le the American Army to ii!trthc< it ' i) keeping American ?or )* M**rv’< ?i*- mt! <' thfit territory. No\v J !• \mc?i. a defeat ihe Jap i:o* ■! ■ • of the Soviet, and /*ftt“ v*b i\ nci'.iced tile and substance, I e 'd' ** qs onqueror. It mey ■ Ptew *o* ‘k v ; 'idthit ; s the way it * * ’— * * v [ MAJORITY STILL RULES Judging from the talk that is making the rounds of the town the number of can didates for city commission is likely to be as large as has usually been the case with councilmen. As The Citizen remarked on several occasions, the fact that the form of govern ment in Key West would be changed did not mean that members of' thd clty council or other city officials could pot run for office as they have been doing. . ,i We have heard many remarks about the present council being topheavy with seven members, and it has been said that five could have functioned jqst as well, if not better. We think that at’ieast some of the council will agree to that statement. So there will be five commissioners, and those councilmen who wish to run for membership on the commission may do so just as well and as easily as they did for membership on the council. Indeed, we have been informed that several members of the council will be in the field, though the only one who has thus far declared he will be a candidate is Gerald Saunders. As the councilmen and many other *Kt^;Wsjters are aware, the man Who gets the highest vote 4>r commissioner, as, a yule, mayor, so that those-Key West ers tffco 1 tfish to become mayor, may do so jby entering the commission race. ‘ <*‘l IP - Ooftdjluck and good going to all those wiTa[ ruff,? is the attitude of The Citizen, which means that the candidates who are elected will be those who are chosen by a majority of the people. That is only an other way of saying we are a democracy and that the majority rules, regardless of what our form of government may be. General Franco is at present in a hot spot from which he will find it difficult to extricate himself. It stems from his per sonal sympathy, in past years, for Hitler and Mussolini, both now out of the picture. Manifestations of cordiality to the leaders 9f Germa ly and Italy were expressed in a rhnnber o telegrams, in one of which the CAUWiIk) >fj| Spain n HHoM fbr \riumph o jt,sxer|ha 1 aym s in Jhe glprioqs enterprise ofjibvjrat ng Eqyppe. vl ,‘, • u ,: s .,.}*. i • • ‘ ■' ■ ; 1 VjfHAT TOOK SO LONG? ! 1 " 1 •*<>■■■ iJ ;df the Interstate Com mission, in .. the long-pending seems t>o confiirm the , conten tion of southern' am! wdSterrt’States that ex ’isfing* rate’s j iverp iifidhty fkvorablp to the FJasl ern section of the nation. Prescribing a uniform scale of class rates for the entire country, east of the Rocky Mountains, the commission said that “all of the railroad rates under investiga tion are found unreasonable, and certain railroad class rates are unduly prejudicial.’' In addition, the commission said that “as a result of the present investigation, the railroad freight classifications are found to be unreasonable and unduly prejudicial as a whole, and to the extent that they are not uniform.” H The conclusions feat-Wd by the inter state Commence* C’ommissibn are a condem nation of serving the -Sputh And the is also a condemnation of the Here is. w hich is supposed in an eco nomic field kjjustice and yet, for years, cofhplainte from the and West were entirely unavailing. i There are lessons to be learned from 1 study of the past, but not many people are interested in learning lessons from the past, j Among these are workers who are getting twice what they got before the war and J haven’t put away some of this dough with 1 A-hich to make bread when difficult days | are here again. A CUT IN LEND-LEASE .! * . i. Fresiderti Truman has notified Con | gress on a reduced^ic bed%de, to the destitute peo-; pies of liberated Europe, and he has also directed majfor government procurement agencies to grant priorities* t*o“ “minimum civilian requirements**’ of 1 the liberated countries in northwestern Eu rope. The President points out that reports i received by him from an on-the-scene in vestigation in Europe impressed him that “to a great extent the future peace of Eu rope depends on the restoration of the econ omy of these countries, including a reason able standard of living and employment.” ; The President added: “It is the established policy of this government to accept its re sponsibility as far as it is possible to do so.” j .. TANARUS?. •*. f ?TFF TTBY WE3S BOOZE ; THE WEATHER FORECAST Key West and vicinity: Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon,' tonight and Friday; gentle var- 1 iable winds. • | Florida: Fair through Friday; rather warm today and Friday, j mild temperatures tonight; con sideable light smoke in south and central portions. Jacksonville through Florida Straits and East GuM: Gentle t S moderate variable winds and fair weather today, tonight and Fri day. Jacksonville to Apalachkola: No small craft or storm warnings have been issued. WEATHER REPORT Key West, Fla., May'3l, 1945 Observation taken at 8:30 a. m. Eastern War Time. (City Office.) Temperatures Hightest last 24 hours 86 Lowest last night 79 Mean 82 Normal 81 Precipitation Rainfall, 24 hours ending 8:30 a. m.; inches J 0.00 Total rainfall since May 1; inches J 0.04 Deficiency since May 1; inches 3.50 Total xunfall since Jan. 1; t inches 2.35 Deficiency since January 1; • and < Tomorrow % Almanac Sunrise i 6:37 a.ml Sunset 8:12 p.nii Moonrise * L.. 12:24 ajn. Moonset 11:30 a.ro. Tomorrow's Tides (Naval Base) High Tide Low Tide 3:22 a.m. 7:16 a.m. 1:51 p.m. 9:23 p.m. TEMPERATURE BULLETIN Temperature data for the 24 hours ending 8:30 a. m., as report ed by the U. S. Weather Bureau. Highest Lowest last 24 hours last night Atlanta 83 70 ' r Boston 17 50 I Brownsville 87 75 j, Charleston 88 74 f Chicago —— 5 O 5O Detroit. 43 . Galveston . 76 Jacksonville * . 0* <t > r S2 72 YWEST \ WestAirpor 8? 73 Memphis , , 69 Miami 84 73 "T Minneapolis • ■ 54 New Orleans 93 71 Ntw York Jl ‘..69 55 Norfolk 77 59 Okla. City 69 Pensacola 9C 75 Pittsburgh 5l st. Louis 81 63 Tampa .. ... 93 76 i ■■ 1 I today in history I, —' ' - 1.,[ 1794—Congress enacts the first copyright law. 1853 Dr. Kane heading his toric Second Grinnell Expedition, which reaches highest latitude in Arctic to date, leaves New York. | 1889—Johnston, Pa. flood, which ] took toll of more than 2,000 lives. ] 1913-—l7th Amendment declar- J ed ratified—election of U. S. sen- ] ators by direct popular vote. ] 1915—First air raid in World ] War I, by Germans made on 1 London. }fu ,;,. : J 1916—Great battle of Jutland j between German and English fleets. M - Vj 1921 Sacco - Vanzetti (rial 1 opens at Dedham, Mass. 1 1941—First U. *3. food for Brit- | ain under Lend-Lease, reaches ] England. 1942 Great British mass air | raid levels Cologne, Germany. 1 1944—American forces cut the Burma Road, stopping Jap supply lines. /1 ’ j REAL DREAM Seattle. Two young women I recently reported to police that I they both dreamed that a young I man entered their bedrooms, un- I covered the feet of one and kiss- I ed the other —only to wake up ! j to find it true. The unhurried j I young man smoked a cigarette!l and departed—with sll7. ] KIDNEYS 7 MUST REMOVE EXCESS ACIDS Help 15 Miles of Kidney Tubes | Flush Out Poisonous Waste ] If you have an exress of arid* in your blood, I your 15 miles of kidney tubes may be over- I worked. These tiny filters and tubessre work- I ing day and night to help Native rid your I system of excess acids sod poisonous waste. I hen disorder of kidney function permits I poisonous matter to remain in your blood, it I niay cause nagging backache,rheumatic pains. I leg pains, loss of pep and energy, get ting up I nights, swatting, puffinaw under the eyes, J headaches and dizziness. Frequent or scanty I paa*eo with smartieg aad bawiias eama- 1 tunas show, there is something wrong widi 1 your kniosya or bladder. - - - > - I Kidneys may need help the same aa boweb. I soMkyouidxunvtforooaai’BPilk.uaedaue- I by millions fur ever 40 years. They I give happy relief and will help the 13 *a— of I Lt. Sarah Paine Going To Norfolk Lieut. Sarah Miriam Paine, W-V (S), UFNR, of Huntington Park, Calif., who came to Key West in ‘June, 1943, as Women’s Reserve I representative, received orders this week to report to Norfolk, Va. During her tour' cf duty here, Lieutenant Paine hr' made many frier.ds among bo*. officer and I enlisted personnel. As officer in * charge of the Naval StStion WAVE been-re sponsible for mrrtJ' im grove mtots and innovations. eplismng in the service, Lieutenant Paine was an instructor in physio**-ed cation. CHRISTOfAS TREE IN MAY KANSAS cmr —Sergt. John Hoedl spent last Christmas fight ing in the battle of Bastogne, dur ing which he lost an arm. His Christmas gifts never caught up, with him. However, when he ar-) rived home recently from an Army hospital, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Hoedl, awaited him with a gift-laden Christmas tree. Subscribe to The Citizen. STAR* BRAND , AMERICAN fnrrCE .-Ana curan nurru it- ■TMIMIIMteTI.:. iPppawNHEteteiHnnaiiii monk war hoxds and keep tiik Sir Mrs" * trif rri tf< -*v> bfS'CJSV'ib A Message; to June Brides tv ij' STREAMLINED BEDROOM ticated and smart about modern , ness, perfect for the style. Three big BUDGET pieces are very moderately priced. TERMS WUm, m Modern Dinette Set f It>s an achievement to bo T "able lo offtv modern dinette *at* like these, with all the ' r smartn * ?v * and Piac features s low price for five pieces. Maple. •59 s * • , 1 . • ’1 Similar to Illustration Come down tomorrow and visualize how * these two big, handsome pieces will lend themselves to the decorative scheme you have in mind. The backs NPI SRI are deeply turfted ... a sign of good I|MS|B workmanship, and you may choose from a VSS| I‘||& to Similar to lUudfsik# RESTAURANT Eq'u 1 FygNT AND SUPPLITS "MAXWELL COMPANY, Incorporated Furniture and Furnishings PHONE 682 909 Fleming Street KEY WEST FI \ VENETIAN BLINDS TODAY’S A?’HiyMSARIES 1819 Walt Whitman, famed original pot., searching spirit after forms of high living and endeavor, bom New York. Died Camden, N. J. March 28, 1892. 1819—William W. Mayo, pio neer Minnesota physician, father of the two famed Mayo Clinic founders, ' born England. Died' March $ If Mt *•* * v **. • v. 1824—Jessie .Beplorf Fremoht,, author, wile of . the famed soldier tscnlqrei;, born, Va. Died Dec 27,' 1902.' * 1862 Cynthia M. W. Alden, New York writer, founder of the International Sunshine Society, born Afton, lowa. Died Jan. 8, 1931. 1869—Louis Wiley, noted New York Times business manager, !born Hornell, N. Y. Died March 20, 1935.. . , ’ • > „> Elizabeth Coatsworth of Noble boro, Maine, author, born Buf falo, N. Y. 52 years ago. and. FALSE TEETH 'ft ** t } wsv ♦ V Rock/Slide or Slip? FABTEETH, *n Improved powder to bo sprinkled on upper or lower plates, holds false teeth more flrmly in piece. Do not slide, slip or reck. No suijim/. ■ooey. peaty tatte or feelln*. FAB TEETH is alkaline (non-acid). Doer not eour. Checks “plate odor” (denture breath). Get EAb. ELx’jU at at* dsus •tore. . I' .. f •- ! HI "'I TODAY’S HOROSCOPE Today giVes lofty ideals com bined with a sweet, sympathetic nature. It is one who likes to nurse the sick, help the unfor tunate and comfort the sorrow ful. There is great capacity for skill in the sciences; a broad minded expression of the wealth of its knowledge; perhaps an op portunity for a great physician for either the soul or the body. I■* e* - 3* From where I sit... fy Joe Marsh Lee Mopes Sticks His Neck Ovt We-had a meeting at the Town a new roof, but because it pail Friday night, and when doesn’t do to let intolerance and Homer Bently spoke up for a prejudice creep into a comrau new roof for the schoolhouse, nity. Lee Mapes interrupts him. Whether a man’s stayed “put” "How long you been in this * lifetime er • year, whether he town?” Lee demands. works with his head o* lie “Fourteen years “says Homer hands, drinks beer or bitter proudly. milk—*o long as he* ■ gbhd ' . _ . American he has a right to speak TV JO. kf.p “I" ,1, mind, ud have hi. o^aloa. (however dirfere.t the, MM, rojtnlac things in oor towm.* ’ Fm glad to report that all of !us voted Lee down and let Ho- /-) /L; ! rter have his say. I'm glad not . B\AKmL j just because the school did need £/ I No. 119 of a Serbs Copyright* 194& Umhd State Iwiw/otedn THURSDAY, MAY 91, 1945 [Every Profession Has Its Hszards (Br A eel ilitH !■ CHICAGO. —The robbers en gaged ki holding up a West Side drug store couldn’t get on with their work because Mrs. Minnie Danish, the clerk, kept kickingg them in the shins. Cos they re moved her shoes, took SIOO from the cash register and limped out the door.