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MAJOR TEST OF EISENHOWER'S
LEADERSHIP MAY BE THIS WEEK By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON Ei lennower faces what some con gressmen say will be a major test ef his leadership when Congress Considers foreign aid this week. wirings open tomorrow before the combined Senate and House foreign Relations Commit teei, with administration spokes then expected to recommend a $5,800,000,000 program for the fis cal year starting July 1. Free Europe's progress toward ifenftUng a defense against any Communist aggression, whether •id emphasis should be shifted from Europe to the Red-threatened East, and how to substitute trade for aid—all these and other .gnestions are due for a heavy Working over. "Administration witnesses will in clude Secretary of State Dulles, Secretary of State Dulles, Secre jirjr of the Treasury Humphrey, Mufoal Security Director Harold K, Stassen and Gen. Omar N. Pradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dalles, in outlining the adminis tration’s foreign policy, has said K Contemplates possibly giving nore aid to the Orient and less to Europe, with the European na tions strengthening their economies through more trade. 'Dulles announced Saturday that <he U. S. is feeding "critically needed military items” to the anti communist defenders of Laos in Indochina. He did not say what these items were, but it was Iqjurhed they included two or three !4bien big cargo planes, which can Mrry 64 paratroopers or a great deal of materiel, among other sup- C&alrman Short 'R-Mo) of the Bouse Armed Services Committee (ald on a CBS television program yesterday die U. S. may have to fight to. keep Russia out of Indo china and the Middle East. Sim. Sparkman (D Ala) called the invasion of Laos "one of the mpat serious things that has hap pened.” 'Although no serious suggestion to eUmibate all foreign aid is expect ed kt Congress, tne President may find members of his own party 1$ thl forefront of those demanding E heavy reductions. Sen. Millikin of Colorado, who heads the Conference of All GOP I, predicted yesterday that i may be "rather merci i cutting the administra reign aid requests. In an v, Millikin said the reduc ady reported—from $7,861,- recommendeo by former it Truman to $5,800,000,000 —was a "good staxt." . Chairman Taber (R-NY) of the Housa Appropriations Committee aim last Friday that the fund might drop below four billion dol- ItrS through cutting off IV* to two button dollars of unused funds firom past years. Among the Democrats, Sen. Me- Cartin of Nevada has said the ex plctod $5,800,000,000 request "ought td be cut in half." Rep. Richards Of South Carolina, ranking Demo crat on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, called the amount “al fV what we appropriated last ;” and added: lUt we were told that costs A come down substantially gear." Mystery About Hash. P.O. Box WASHINGTON <*-A social or fantxation of Coast Guardsmen, it Alvalops, holds the polt office box gg Which Korean Communists urged that peace appeals be ad the folks back home to' write Post Office Box 574. Wash* ioitOß, D. C.” was one of the thtags Red loudspeakers blasted across the Korean fighting front ftStDaulcl Ring, attorney for the Chief Warrant and Warrant Officers Association, U. S. Coast Gurd. said yesterday: *TB they had gone all over the tqtßfry to find a post office box the owner of which was more un friendly to the Reds, they couldn't Ran done a belter Job.** No one seemed to know why the Bods picked that partkulhr box. 4t any rate, Ring said, no peace appeals have yet turned up in it POUTICAL SCIENCE EXPERTS ARE SOUGHT WASHINGTON IA-Th Am*H- Ran Political Science Association Ik looking tor five outstanding political scientists to become "con gresskmal internes.’ H*ras wey it works, accord *9 > an association announce- Ml tftttrdiv: Ry June 1 five applicants, pra fttrtbly between 35 and 3$ years aid. will be picked far lb months •intensive training. Bach wfll Rare two months at tee Library •I Congress, tour months on the •ttft ef a member of Congress tad tour months on the staff ef a cnajraeitonil committee. They teen return home to “spread tee knowledge they have gained to Ategee t) The stipend is 11500 to $4.0 fall by the association. Local Navy Man In Movie BUD MAHER, local Navy man and member of the Key West Play ers, has a bit part in "Twelve Mile Reef." He plays the part of a young Coast Guard officer—a bit of a promotion, as Bud is an en listed man in real life.—Citizen Staff Photo. Tidelands Question Draws Strong Pro And Con Feeling By HARRISON B. HUMPHRIES WASHINGTON (J*-State owner ship of offshore submerged lands is defended by advocates as "equi ty and justice” and denounced by opponents as a "giveaway” of an area extremely rich in oil. Advocates say the states should have the underwater coastal lands because they held them and devel oped them in good faith for a cen tury. Opponents say the Supreme Court has upheld the federal claim of "paramount rights” three times and to go against that ruling is contrary to the national interest. These are the main themes of the controversy debated since April 1 in the Senate. By agree ment, the Senate will vote tomor row. Passage is as certain as any legislative question can be. In pre liminary tests, the highest voting strength opponents of the admin istration-backed measure racked up was 35. Major arguments for the state ownership bill have been: 1. That the doctrine of para mount rights applied by the Su preme Court to offshore lands is a threat to state ownership of the beds of rivers, lakes, harbors, bays and filled land reclaimed from the sea. 2. That the law of state owner ship of lands under inland waters grew from the common law rule of state ownership of lands under the marginal sea. 3. That all states possess their submerged lands, both inland and offshore, under the "same rule of law” recognised by the Supreme Court for more than 100 years— state ownership of offshore proper ty was questioned only 'after oil was discovered in them. 4. Hut the court decisions in the California, Texar and Louisi ana cases constitute a reversal of prior Supreme Court decisions. 5. That the special claims of Taxas ami Florida to lands within 10ft miles offshore in tea Gulf of Mexico are justified by the special circumstances under which they entered the Union. Texas, as an independent republic, had a 10ft* mile offshore boundary. 0. That it would discriminate against the coastal states if Con gress surrendered any federal claim to submerged lands of in land states and refused to estab lish state ownership of offshore lands within state boundaries. Opponents of state ownership have used es principal arguments: 1. That offshore oil property worth bilhoas should be devoted to the service of peoples ef ell 41 states. The Supreme Court has ruled that tea area belongs to all the people. 2. That title to lands beneath inland waters has never been claimed by tee federal government and state ownership of Intend waters has been confirmed re peatedly by Supreme Court deci sions 3. Hut the stetee have internal sovereignty, the federal govern ment external sovereignty and pert mount rights of the U. S. to offshore lands are party of ex tenul sovereignty. 4. That a “giveaway” ef elf shore properties ef the federal I government would set e priitehut ’tor giving Mead nates tee riffite South Korea Army Officers Favor Manchuria Attack MORGANTOWN, W. Va. (11- South Korean Army officers in training at one U. 8. military in stallation heavily favor the bomb ing of Manchuria. ' The 63 ROK officers at Ft Banning, Ga., were queried on this and other aspects of the Korean War by Kyung Won Lee, West Virginia University senior and editor of the Korean Messenger, an Englisl# language paper he started several months ago tor Koreans living in the United States. Fifty-nine of tee officers polled favored bombing of Chingse Com munist bases in Manchuria. None was against the suggestion, hut four were undecided. There were 4g ayes, 13 negatives and 3 undecided on the question of blockading Communist China. Forty-seven favored pushing North Korean and Chinese forces back to the Yahi River boundary between Korea and Manchuria. Six were opposed and 10 undecid ed. On the atomic weapons question. 50 were against use ef such weap ons in Korea, 11 were in favor and 2 undecided, hut the vote was unanimous against use of any Japanesa troops in Korea. Hu vote in opposition to em ployment of Chinese Nationalists in the little nation was almost as one-sided: 50 to 7, with O undecid ed. Cnotomert Pick Location WORCESTER. Mass. (AP) - W. H. Sawyer’s customers ean blame themselves if they don’t like the location his new hunber yard. When the lumber merchant dis covered city traffic re-arrange ments woqjd probably force him to move, be decided to ask Ids customers to help him pick anew location. In teas than a month, he had I.CS6 answers, and suggestions were still coming in. to revenues from federal mineral ltd forest tends witein their boun daries. 5. That the recognitien ef state boundaries beyond three miles at ace would run contrary to tea international three-mile Rate ad vocated by tee U. S. la inter national affairs since tee term of Thomas Jefferson as aecrttery ef state. . Hut Jl would encourage ex tended boundary claims ef Russia, Mexico and other nations and rah U. S. fishermen of fruitful fishing grounds near Newfoundland and South Amertrta shores. MIST IMS tTAfttf hr Am Key West Charities FRIDAY NIGHT Key West Kennel Club MHMHeSMMeeMHMSeMeMSMeMMSMNHMHMMHNMI Villages Now Have Electricity ATHENS (AP) - The first of four large electric power-produc ing plants is scheduled to go into operation this spring, bringing elec tricity for the first time into mountain villages which for cent uries have depended on the oil lamp for light. The plant is located at Aliveri, on the island of Euboea, lying off Greece's east coast and connected to the mainland by bridge. It will be powered by lignite which is available in quantity on the island. The other three plants, situated in northern Greece and the Pelo ponese, will depend on newly-har nessed water energy for their pow er. All four projects were started with money grants totalling SIO,OOO, 000 from the Mutual Security Agen ey plus reparations from Greece’s wartime enemy, Italy. Want to flute a cucumber or a banana to make a vegetable or fruit salad look pretty? Just draw a sharp-tined fork length wise down the cucumber or ban ana, then cut crosswise in thin round slices. If the cucumbers are to he used as a garnish, sprinkTe them with minced parsley. If the banana slices are prepared in ad vance, cover them with citrus juice to keep them a good color. EVERYTHING you've ever wanted in a truck- ALL IN THE GREAT NEW FORD TRUCKS! i 1 IffMftnmn \ 4 || X f 11. At ML :<r~ dl : Tim a . Y smmm mum 'X - M * f S ■mesh Hrf I tm# M R9Hra COMPIfTfIY mm FORD GIANT—F-800 Bra Jon! G.V.W. 22.000 ltm. G.C.W. 48,000 tea. Choice of 5 wheel brae lengths. Mv ever 190 Ford Truckmodeb —ten Pickups to 55,000-lb. G.C.W. Bif Mb! Choonc the one right Ford Fesnomy Truck for your work! JPWnnt transmission choice in truck hi* aryl Synchro-Silent type stand - aid is every Ford Truck model! Fußy automatic Fordomatic and Overdrive available in half-tonners at extra coat! Ntw tiftkMl Fairs anginas! Low 'd* FORDawooIRUCKS SAVE TIME! • SAVE MONBYI • LAST LONGER! Monroe Motors, Inc. lilt WHITE ST. DIAL MBSI Monday, May 4, 1953 Pocketbook Blow Aimed At Trade With Communist China By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON UP)—lnvestigating senators aimed anew pocketbook blow today at trade between the free nations of the West and Com munist China. Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and his Senate investigations subcommit tee, avowedly seeking by indirec tion to crimp the flow of Western goods to Red China, scheduled the start of public hearings today on the issue. However, one member of the committee voiced qualms that the public session might upset White House and State Department policy making. ’ "Frankly,” Sen. Jackson CD- Wash) said in advance of the hear ing, "I am worried about the wis dom of a public airing unless we have assurance from the White House or the State Department that we are not interfering with broader plans to do the same job, and to do it better, perhaps.” Jackson said he would take up that question with McCarthy. Kenneth Hanson, a deputy to mu tual Security Director Harold E. Stassen, was scheduled as an early witness. Representatives of other government agencies were expect ed to be called for testimony about ships used in hauling Mutual se curity Administration (MSA) car go. McCarthy said his inquiry is de signed to produce new orders de nying U. S. government charters THE KEY WEST CITIZEN to any foreign-registry ships whose owners also haul goods to or for the Chinese Reds or North Ko reans. U. S. flag ships already are barred from such, commerce. Bri tain, France and other Western nations permit ships flying their flags to touch at Communist ports but not to haul war goods. Sen. Mundt (R-SD), a member of the subcommittee, said he ex pects the hearings "will present a weight of evidence so overwhelm ing—so clear that this trade harms the Western interests—that execu tive agencies won't say 'no' to it I don’t think they want to say 'no' to it now.” i McCarthy said testimony in the hearings will show that Chinese Communists are at least part own ers of ships flying the British flag which haul cargoes to Red China useful to Communist fighting forc es in Korea. 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