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M'CARTHY SAYS BRITAIN
SHOULD APOLOGIZE FOR 'CHEAP' ATLEE ATTACK •y G. MILTON KELLY - WASHINGTON (JV-Sen. McCar ty (R-Wis) said today Britain Should apologize for what he termed a “cheap** attack by for- Her Prime Minister Attlee on President Eisenhower and the American people. Conservative party members of the British Parliament, McCarthy •aid, sat silently last Tdtsday While Attlee made “one of the Most insulting speeches ever made li the legislative body of a recipi ent nation against an ally which has been pouring out her economic | Ufa blood for practically every •ther nation on earth.** In a speech prepared for Senate delivery, McCarthy declared: "The American people are en titled to an apology for this cheap, uncalled for, fantastic attack upoh the President and people of the United States. "We are entitled to an explana tion as to whether the majority party in Britain agrees with Mr. Attlee, who was rejected by the British people.** One by one McCarthy took up Attlee’s reported declarations that "there are elements in the United States that do not want a truce in Korea"; that the presence, of Ei senhower or any American might "hinder** direct peace talks with the Russians; that “the American Constitution was framed for an Isolationist state," and that “the Americans do not wish to have anything to do with Europe.” McCarthy’s prepared text con tained no mention of Atttoe’z state ment that “one wonders** whether Eisenhower or McCarthy wields the greater power in U. S. foreign policy. “What shocked me" McCarthy said, “was that no memoer of the majority party arose to contest what he had said.** “I shall distribute to whatever senators who desire it,” McCarthy said, “a copy of a picture of Attlee reviewing Communist troops in Spain in 1987 with Communist Gen. Miaja. and Commissar Anton, a leader of the Communist party in Spain, all three giving the Commu nist clenched-ftot salute. “But lest someone think Attlee’s Communist salute was merely an act of courtesy on his part, 1 have here a letter in Attlee’s own hand writing. ... He first praises in glowing terms the Communist bri gade and extolls its devotion to the 'cause of.freedom and social justice.’ "And listen to this closing para graph: 1 shall try to tell our com rades at home of what I have seen.* ... '“Comrade* is a Communist term meaning fellow Communist" Several times thereafter the text of McCarthy’s speech mentioned Attlee as “Comrade Attlee." McCarty said Attlee welcomed Churchill’s proposal for a big power meeting, but “hinted the presence of any American would only hinder talks." McCarthy said that was a “libel" against Eisenhower and “slanders the American people." “Perhaps Mr. Attlee forgets that the U. S. has suffered 130,000 casualties in Korea, while the British figure is roughly 3,700,” the senator said. He went on: “In connection with his state ment that there ere elements in the U. S. who do not want a truce In Korea, Comrade Attlee knows full well that this nation which has contributed so much in agony, Mood and tears ... does want peace in Korea and peace through out the world, but peace with honor—peace without surrender." It should be, he said, “the kind of peace we could have obtained when Doutfaz MacArthur was in charge in the Far East, had he not been hamstrung and his hands tied by the Achesons and Attlees of this world." “This country that Attlee calls isolationist—which he says wants ' nothing to do with the rest of the world," McCarty aaid. “haa given since the end of the shooting pert of World War Q what would amount to 191,643 for every day since before Christ wet b0rn....” Those figures, he said, drama tize the lump sum totals of 31 billions of foreign aid already pro vided, and the administration re quest for six Miltons more next fear. McCarty renewed his denuncia tion of British trade with Red China. He said a recent edition of the London Sunday Express re ported British exports to China to January were valued at 1,300,000 pounds sterling, compered with 74,000 pounds e year earlier. He referred then to a letter from Secretory of Defense Wilson which he had made public recently con tending teat any trade with the Chinese helps their ability to make war. Keep a pair of scissors m a kit chen cabinet drawer and use it for cutting bacon into email bits tor casserole or muffin topping*, lor mine tog parsley, end far quarter a marshmallows. When using the tors for the marshmallows, wet the Medea first. Page 2 THE KEY WEST CITIZEN Radiation From Blasts Gives Uranium Prospectors Trouble Tidelands Oil Bill Is Ready For Signature Twice-Vetoed Law To Give States Title To Oil-Rich Land Paeeee House WASHINGTON UR—Twice-vetoed legislation to give states title to oil-rich, submerged offshore lands was ready today for the promised signature of President Eisenhower. It cleared its final congressional hurdle yesterday when the House, by roll-call vote of 278 to 116, ac cepted Senate amendments to an original House measure. That sent it to the White House, where pop ularly called “tidelands bills" have gone before. In 1948 President Truman ve toed a similar measure, as he did again in 1951. The five-year issue figured prom inently to the 1952 presidential campaign, during which Eisen hower promised to support the coastal states* claim to the off shore land and its rich mineral resources. Final House action found 184 Re publicans and 94 Democrats sup porting tha bill. Opposing it were 98 Democrats, 17 Republicans and 1 independent. Opponents have served notice the measure’s validity will he chal lenged to court. The Supreme Court has held in three suits that the federal government has “para mount rights" over the submerged lands off the coasts of Texas, Cali fornia and Louisiana, although it has not passed specifically on the question of title to the area. The Senate had deleted from the House bill e section to which fed eral control over the continental shelf was assarted out beyond the states* seaward boundaries. By accepting the Senate amend ments, the House was able to send the bill directly to the White House and thus avoid possible further de lay in the Senate. Just before disposing of the states* ownership bill yesterday, tha House voted 309-91 to pass a separate measure which would as sert federal control over tha outer continental shelf and authorize de velopment of the territory. This was tha intent of the section which the Senate struck‘from the states* ownership bill. The measure sent to the White House would fix state coastal Kwangtung Farmers Win Reds’ Pledge For Private Ownership By BRIO HAMPSON HONG KONG UR Fanners in Kwangtung—China's Dixie ap pear to have won their own pri vate little fight with the Commu nists. The Reds claim they finally have accomplished their land re form program there, but the an nouncement reads like a page from capitalism. A IS - point directive, which sounds strangely soft for the Reds, pledges to Kwangtunfc fanners: private management, private own ership, private employment, pri vate money lending. It promises that no farmer shall be forced into a co-operative or collective move ment. Kwangtung, In teeming, lush South China, is a restless and dangerous land and noted as a political hater of the “ins/' Sun Yat-sen's I*ll rebellion started then. Chlang Kai-shek licked the war lords from there. Now the Communists have this tiger by the tail and have “re formed” its land. AD winter the Reds have been easing away from their tougher form doctrines. Why? A recent report by land reform inspectors—who investigate after land reform has been carried out warned Petping that too much gov am mem interference was cutting production. It said that fear of col lectives was causing many form ers to step faming, that newly redistributed forms were too small far efficiency and that farm ers were migrating to the cities t Last month Premier Clm te* Thursday, May 14, 1953 By JULIUS GOLDEN ALBUQUERQUE, N. M. Wl Prospectors sav Western New Mexico is being bombarded with so much radiation from atomic tests that at times it’s impossible to test for uranium ore. Fruit growers in Northwestern New Mexico are blaming frosts on atomic tests in Nevada. Residents in one area think a wave of lightheadedness and nau sea may have oeen caused by Ya dioactivity. Atomic Energy Commission of ficials discount all the complaints. Prospectors in the Gallup, N.M., area, where uranium hunting has reached the proportions of an in dustry, have been unable to hunt the precious ore at times following tests. The radioactivity count jumped so high that prospector’s Geiger counters couldn’t distinguish radio activity in the air from radioac tivity in uranium ere, the prospec tors say. A spokesman for fruit growers in San Juan County in Northwest ern New Mexico made up a list for newsmen showing that three atomic tests were made between 48 and 60 hours before heavy frost damaged fruit. The first explosion listed, April 6, occurred two days before temp eratures fell to 24 degrees and ruined apricots and peaches. After an explosion May 1, half the apple crop in the area was frozen. The rest of the peach crop went two days after the May 8 explosion. U. S. Weather Bureau officials in Albuquerque, queried on the fruit growers’ theory, said: “Purely a coincidence. We’ve been having unusual weather throughout the spring." A wave of nausea and lighthead edness among residents of Gallup had doctors puzzled. They dis agreed on the question of whether it might have resulted from the radioactivity which at times has ranged up to five times normal. The AEC flatly stated there have been no dangerous concentrations of radioactive fallout in any part of the country outside the con trolled area at the Nevada test site. But it added that higher than normal levels of radioactivity have been measured in isolated in stances and for short periods of time. You’ll make cakes and cookies in jigtime if you keep mixing and measuring utensils needed for these baked products near your mixing counter. These untensils' are: mixing bowls, mixing spoons, egg beater, measures for dry and liquid foods and measuring spoons. boundaries at three miles gener ally and I<W% miles for the Texas and Florida Gulf coasts. lti directed such migrations should bo stopped. The Communists began their land reform in 1949 and finished in most of China by 1952. But in Kwangtung it dragged along, meeting Moody resistance. In some of the tougher zones there may not have been any land redistribu tion at all. N6w the “examination of the re form to going on," the Commu nist news agency reports. The Reds say almost four million acres were confiscated and divided among peasants in an area that contains 32 million people. The new Red proclamation re assures the new owner that the land to his and that there are no strings attached. “Safeguarding of private own ership of land, bouses, and ail kinds of properties is guaranUfed.” says the proclamation. Even the “re-examiners must not take it away.” The new farmer also shill “en joy the rights of tree operation, management purchase, sale and exchange of his property without interference,” The directive said farm co-oper ative movements should be encour aged but “compulsory organization of farm co-operatives or mutual aid teams is strictly forbidden ** Above all the Red proclamation says nothing must be done to tn ierfere with production Even tax es must net mterfen The Reds deemed: "Farmers whn produce mom than the fixed normal yield upon which taxes are based shall net be taxed on the qnce**.” A LETTER FROM RILL LANTAFF Dear Neighbor: Much concern has been express ed over the Postmaster General’s recent announcement which indi cates that polictical award rather than merit is to be the criteron for the appointment of postmasters. Oyr President, in a pre-election speech, stated: “The single choice, the single standard (for Federal jobs) shall be merit and not poli tical award." With that statement I heartily concur. But the Post master General’s first major act registers for 1700 postmaster posi tions and calling for new examina tions, plus his subsequent notifica tion of Republican state ‘adivsors’ that even ‘acting postmasters’ can be replaced, is entirely contrary to pre-election pledges and could well lead to a breakdown of our Civil Service system. Upon learning of the Postmaster action, your Congressman launch ed an immediate investigation and was shocked at the findings. It was learned that of the 1700 ex aminations to be discarded, 1666 examinations had been completed. Of this number, 205 are registers containing less than three eligi bles. The Civil Service Commission had already spent $265,777 in com pleting the 1,461 examinations which the Postmaster General has now requested be cancelled. In addition, it is estimated that it will cost $450,000 more to conduct these examinations over again. Based on Experiments May Lead To Safer Flying By RENNIE TAYLOR AP Science REPORTER LOS ANGELES A daring ex periment on the hearts of five young Air Force doctors has opened the way for development of anew, more comfortable kind of gravity suit to prevent pilot pilot blackouts. The tests, conducted by Capt. Owen L. Slaughter, now of Evans* vflle, Ind., were reported to the closing meeting of the Aero Medi cal Association here. Two long, flexible tubes called catheters were inserted through blood vessels in the neck and into the heart ot each physician under test. This was done to measure the exact blood pressure in the heart while the lower halves of their bodies were being com pressed as in a gravity or black out suit. ' Catheters are used frequently on one side or the other of the heart but never before have that keen used simultaneously on both sides, Dr. Slaughter said. The one-sided operation is only slightly danger ous but the hazard is increased many fold when both sides are catheterized. However, no bad ef fects appeared, Dr. Slaughter re ported. Flight surgeons long had be lived that tight-squeezing gravity suits worked by preventing the blood from crowding into the lower part of the body during high-speed dives or turns, leaving little or none in the head and causing momentary unconsciousness. The tests showed, Dr. Slaughter said, that the gravity suit does not work that way. Instead it causes the arteries in the legs and lower abdomen to increase their resistance to blood flow. This causes increased blood pressure in the upper pert of the body and makes it easier for the heart to pump blood to the brain, he re ported. Aa a result. Dr. Slaughter said he would suggest that gravity suits be redesigned specifically with the idea of compressing arteries in the lower part of the body, as e first aid worker might do to holding the '‘pressure points” to sty hem orrhage. It should not he necessary to make auito that will compress the flesh, he said. Dr. Slaughter recently complet ed hie tour of Air Force duty and returned to •private practice. If you went to paint some old kitchen linoleum to freshen It up, make cure the surface of the lino leum to dean ami smooth. Remove every bit of old kitchen wax and stubborn soil before you begin your painting. Subscribe to The Gtizen BilVs Licensed PAWN SHOP 716 DUVAL ST. POOR OLD CRAIG •SERVICE STATION Fvenete at Truman DIAL 3-9 MB TOUR FURR OIL DEALER Ptewp . • TwbGß .. Btitgrtoi • . Aecessertot these same figures, the cost of calling new examinations for the 205 registers containing less than three eligibles will approximate $61,500. The total cost to the tax payers, of this patropage inspired move will be another half-million dollars to the taxpayers’ burden. What is the reason advanced for this wasteful and extravagant act ion? It is stated that the new ad ministration seeks to raise the standards for -e postmaster ex aminations. Your Congressman has always been under the impres sion that Civil Service require ments were very high. According to the Civil Service Manual, all applicants for a first-class post mastership must show they have had business training and exper ience comparable with the duties of a postmaster. Since your Con gressman came to Congress, there has been only one vacancy in the classification in his district. Nine businessmen in that town took the examination, eight failed to meet the stringent requirements estab lished by the Civil Service Com mission and the Post Office De partment. Constituents complained that the established requirements for this particular examinations were too high; but your Congress man felt they should be high for Free Dance Sat. Night FLEET RESERVE ASSN. HOME Caroline Street Music by . . . THE TUNE TOPPERS Sweetest Music In Key West DOOR PRIZE HESTER BATTERY Fer Chav., Fly., Dodge, Studebaker, Kalsar, Nash, Willy's, Etc. 12 MONTHS .$ 1.95 exch. IS MONTHS 11.95 exch. 3 YEARS ~ 17.15 exch. LOU SMITH, 1116 White ONLY NO MINORS MORE NIGHTS KEY WEST DERBY \ Tomorrow Nit© ■■■ ADM. 25c Special Attraction Thursday Night! 8:30 P.M. 9:00 P.M. PERSONAL APPEARANCE y TERRY ROBERT RICHARD MOORE WAGNER BOONE Thurs., Fri. and Sat. f THE MOST DANGEROUS THING A MAN j I.AND WOMAN EVER DID TOGETHER J ,:f • ummmtummm j i£*s Fox News Cartoon Best Office Opens 1:41 PM. CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE Phene 2-3619 Fer Time Bdwd*e San Carlos Theatre Air Conditioned this important position. Naturally, the Civil Service Commission re commended the one man who passed the examination and my appointment was awarded him without regard to his political af filiations. It seems rather obvious to me that the only reason for throwing out current Civil Service registers is to sabotage the merit system and resort to the spoils system rather than follow President Eisen hower’s mandate that the only standard for such positions be merit, rather than political award. Sincerely yours, BILL LANTAFF. DR. J. A. VALDES OPTOMETRIST Duplication of Lonsos and Framas OFFICE HOURS 9-12 - 2-5 419 DUVAL STREET (Upstairs) TELEPHONE 2-7321 ATTENTION PLEASE I Keep Our City Clean BY CALLING Key West Junk Dealers DIAL 24735 or 2-3774 Wo Buy All Kinds of Junk . . • All Kinds of Scrap Matal 121 SIMONTON ST. □TELLTS Factory Methods Used All Work Guaranteed Marina Radios & Asst. Equipment FOR PROMPT AND RELIABLE SERVICE - SEE . . . DAVID CIFELLI 130 Truman Avo. 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