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Erg Stoat Cittjrtt
Published daily (except Sunday) by L. P. Artman, owner and pub
lisher, from The Citizen Building, comer of Greene and Ann Streets.
Only Daily Newspaper in Key West and Monroe County
Ik P> ARTMAN Publisher
NORMAN D. ARTMAN Business Manager
Entered at Key West, Florida, as Second Class Matter
TELEPHONE 2.5*11 and 2.5*12
Member of The Associated Press—The Associated Press is exci lively
entitled to use for reproduction of all news dispatches credited to it
or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also the local news
published here.
Member Florida Press Association and Associate Dailies of Florida
Subscription (by carrier) 25c per week, year *l2, by mail *15.50
The Citizen is an open forum and invites discussion of public issue
•nd subjects of locai or general interest, but it will not publish
anonymous communications.
Vmu aiMis J Xy
1. More Hotels end Apartments.
2. Beech end Bathing Pavilion.
3. Airports—Land and Sea.
4. Consolidation of County and City Governments.
5. Community Auditorium*
Recently The Citizen has published many columns
about the approaching coronation of Queen Elizabeth II
of Great Britain. The stories were supplied The Citizen by
the Associated Press, which keeps its fingers close on the
public pulse throughout the world.
But it is not only evident to the AP that the American
people have a keen interest in Elizabeth but also to the
British nnd other nationalists. Lord Raglan, a British peer,
remarked Friday that so great is Americans’ interest in
th© coming coronation they should arrange to have a
sovereign themselves.
The human mind is still in so immature a state it is an
easy prey to glamorization, whether it is of a queen, a
movie actor, a baseball player, or anybody else.
Elizabeth II is good, gracious and beautiful, but with
the world’s glamorizing spotlight turned on her we are
wont to forget her sterling womanhood and think of such
things as “majesty, royal blood” and other fetiches that
have beset the human race as far back as history records.
The pomp and pageantry of coronations today are
even more elaborate than they were when Egypt looked
upon her rulers as gods. Judging from the newspaper
stories, the crowning of Elizabeth II probably will exceed
in strut and splash and glitter and magnificence general
ly any other coronation in the world’s history.
But let the British have their “fun,” though it should
be pointed out that Lord Raglan is sorely deficient in his
concept of Americans’ attitude toward the Conoration.
Americans don’t want a king or a queen. Indeed, they are
stumped when they try to figure out how so great a people
as the Britons can “falP’for so-called royalty. Americans
are avidly interested in any person or anything that is
glamorized. But the glamor wears off, whether it pertains
to a queen, a movie actress, or a baseball player. The
glamor in the coronation will die among Americans after
the ceremony and they will consider Elizabeth as only
another queen, but among the Britons the glamor she en
genders in them will last as long as she reigns.
Newspapers, a few weeks ago, ran a story in which it
was said that Elizabeth II probably will be the last “royal
ruler” Great Britain will have. But that conjecture is
wrong. The centuries-old fetich for “royalty” still has a
stronghold on the British mind. Britons generally would
shudder at the thought of England without a king or a
•The good old days are best forgotten.
Monday, Juno 1, 1953
Today's Business Mirror
NEW YORK UD— A tree-planting
spurt in Brazil may bring good
news to American coffee drinkers.
New trees will start bearing in
another year or so tnd coffee pro
duction may catch up again with
the growing world demand. If so,
there might be welcome easing in
the price pressure that sent the
wholesale price of the green cof
fee bean from about 13 cents in
1945 to around 55 cents today.
Tree planting started after the
1949 spurt in prices here pulled
the long depressed Brazilian in
dustry out of the dumps. Trees
start bearing after they are five
years old. And keep at it until
they’re 50.
Brazil has opened up an entirely
sew coffee growing zone in Parana
where 300 million young trees are
now maturing. The price spurt also
has increased research interest
WASHINGTON tet-Every time
President Eisenhower and Sen.
Taft disagree on the record the
guessing game begins again: Does
this mean a split between them?
At times the relationship between
the President and the Ohio Repub
lical who is his party’s leader in
the Senate must have been trying
on both men. It has had iter-ups
and downs.
But they haven’t split yet. And
there's no reason to believe they
will after their latest difference,
on Korea. It would probably be
disastrous for the party if they
This is the party’s first chance
to perform after 20 years in the
political wilderness. The Republi
cans control Congress with only
the slimmest kind of majority over
the Democrats.
The next congressional elections
•re in 1954. If the Republicans
split into Taft and Eisenhower
factions, which would paralyze any
party program, disgusted voters
might call the Democrats back.
Elsenhower, with great patience,
has leaned over backwards to get
along not only with Taft but the
entire Congreaa
Less obvious, because not pub
licly known, are the compromises,
if any, which Taft may have made
with Eisenhower m the closed-door,
White House conferences which the
President regularly holds with
Republican leaders.
What compromises Eisenhower
may have made at those con
ferences are not known, either.
But publicly, Taft, who seems
more emotional than the President,
has exhibited less concern for
Eisenhower's feelings and opinions
than Eisenhower has shown for his.
The Durkin case was an exam
ple. Martin Durkin, a life-long
Democrat, was a union official who
wanted the Taft-Hartier Labor Act
repealed When Eisenhower, as a
gesture at good wtil Inward labor,
picked Durkin as wretarv <*
labor. Taft reacted with a quick
and public “Incredible *
Would this mean a spilt? The
guessing game got started afresh.
It had died down a tut after going
great guns is those weak* follow
ing tee RepoUicaa convention
where Eisenhower bast T*st for
the pttsidMftal noflitenttae
But Taft put a quiet etyd m turn
kind of speruiatme. When Dorkse's
and Brazil has found superior
strains that can produce three
times as many beans as the older
trees. Brazilian planters have also
turned to irrigation and to wider
use of fertilizers to increase yields.
Horacio Cintra Leite, who rep
resents the Brazilian Institute of
Coffee in this country and also is
president of the Pan American Cof
fee Bureau, sees little change in
price for awhile.
He blames high prices on the
rising costs of labor and materials
and the general price inflation in
Brazil and the rest of the world.
Labor is the largest item in coffee
raising, he says.
And Brazilians get all stirred up
whenever Americans talk about
buying less coffee, since the U. S.
coffee habit meaus a lot to Brazil.
The United States bought 2Vfc
LONDON—— Coronation chit
Many Americans have the idea
next week’s coronation may be the
last in British Empire history, and
some English bold this view, too.
“The queen is young and will
have a long reign, but will the
throne survive after her?” one
said. “After all Lines are chang
ing. and we are changing with
them ”
This has been a century of war,
privation and suffering for Bri
tain’s common peopie. And th# con
trast between their own pinched
way of life and the pomp and pag
entry of the royal family stirs
some to grumble and question:
“Is it worth the cost?”
Emrys Hughes, a Laborite Welsh
man, startled the House of Com
mons last summer by proposing
that the monarchy be ditched and
Buckingham Palace turned into an
apartment house. But the shocked
Conservatives went right ahead
and voted the usual annua! royal
budget of $1,334,000. They also re
fused a Laborite demand that the
yearly allowance of the Duke of
Edinburgh be chopped from sll2 -
000 down to $28,000.
Hughes was vo annoyed at the
coronation festival be refused even
to stay in town this week and look
at the decorations. He stormed off
to Scotland, saying he wouldn’t re
turn “until this jamboree is over.”
However, if he left an empty seat
behind, no one has found it.
London is so crowded that they
even have arranged for a floating
hotel to care for visitors who can’t
find a bed ashore. It is the 10,123-
name came up in the Senate foe
confirmation. Taft voted for him.
Taft and Eisenhower seemed to
hit it off al! right. Besides the
regular White House meetings. Taft
even traveled to Georgia to play
golf with the President,
And in Eisenhower's biggest test
to date in the Senate—getting ap
proval for Charles Bobten a* am
bi<u4nr to Moscow—Taft backed
R.*enhow*r He led the ftght for
Babies aramxt the streswovu oppo
sutfoa of Sen. McCarthy and
other Republicans
When Taft didn't support him 194
per rest, Eisenhower test mtt <m
tea effort to get the Senate U
approve a tmiteum tu> eo4az&&
fta:*sa fur break .mg agreement*
and enslaving Rawer* Eerepeaws
Taft and mb** IlfHklrltt west
billion dollars—about 50 per cent
of it from Brazil. The coffee in
dustry inside this country involves
some 1,300 roasters and runs to
about 2th billion dollars gross an
Leite says that in the depression
of the thirties people stopped buy
ing so much coffee at just the time
that Brazil had a lot of new trees
in production. Coffee piled up in
It wasn’t until 1949 that rising
world consumption and falling
Brazilian production finally used
up the last of the coffee surpluses.
Since 1945, Leite says, the world
has been wanting more coffee than
was being produced and prices
have gone up in two big jumps—
with the 1949 shortage when the
surpluses were used up: and after
the outbreak of the Korean fight
ton Spanish liner, Monte Ulia, the
largest vessel ever to enter Lon
don port.
But while many here may grum
ble at the high cost of maintaining
the monarchy, there is little real
evidence that Queen Elizabeth’s
son, fair-haired Prince Charlie, will
grow up unemployed.
The crown is firm in the hearts
of most British You have only to
walk around the bleak streets of
London to see the sign*. The great
thoroughfares, of course, tre form
ally decorated with flaring banners.
But in the back streets the work
ing people have caught the coro
nation fever too. Thousands of
small homes have a portrait of the
Queen in the window and the leg
end “Long May She Reign.”
In one block 40 families have
put out 750 flags. They chipped in
to raise about $325 for the decora
tions. The average rent in these
homes ia about 12.90 a week, the
average wag* earner in the area
gets leas than $25 a week.
“We’re proud of our show," one
That spirit is typical The corona
tion is unlike any American cele
bration. Each Englishman feels he
has a part in it. whether his station
in life i high or low. And most
take a personal pride in the Queen
“Get rid of the royal family'”*
on* pub owner said “What would
we have to take their place?
“You Americans could us* a
royal family. It knits a people,
doesn’t it? And with all the money
you Yanks have, you wouldn't have
to stop at one. You could easily af
ford two royal families, couldn't
ed go chaste it a bit in take • dig
at former Presvdetrta Troraa** and
Roosevelt, who made those agree
menta The Democrat*, who wouid
have voted for Eiaeahower's pro
posal. wouldn t buy the altered
versw®. So the resolution was put
Anyone who thought thi* might
cause an EiSrtvbowrr T-ft split era*
disappointed again. Eisenhower
>d aoUiiac about Congress' p
arts*. The too cpmws continued a*
before Taft *aid he had oo coo
faSewce ta the judgment of the
Joitt Chiefs of Staff Whether to
pacify Taft, or because he thought
it era* accessary, Eueafcevwr wa
r replaced them
Rut ehea Taft, at a delicate a*4
entteaJ ssomewg i the Korea*
true* suggeeted the* country
• HOLLYWOOD i©—The new 3D
techniques may be a boon to the
box office, but they can be tough
on actors.
So says Ann MiJler, who is now
tapping her way tnrough “Kiss
Me Kate,” the first big musical
to be done in wide screen and
three dimensions. Thr. actors are
doing their work under huge banks
of bright lights.
“The other day the temperature
on the set was 120 degrees,” re
ported long-stemmed Annie. “Then
numbers in front of three mirrors.
You can imagine how hot that
The extra lights are needed for
two reasons: the camera's range
is wider and more of the set must
be lighted; the set must be bright
er because of the light lost by
viewing the picture through tinted
While the movie set is hot. the
rest of the stage is air conditioned
to a cool temperature. The change
of temperature has been causing
sinus trouble and colds for Ann,
Kathryn Grayson and other mem
bers of the east ar.d crew.
“And then we’re supposed to act
gay and carefree in front of the
camera!” Ann exclaimed . . .
New dimensions in movies are
readily available in the Los An
geles area, at least. Theatrical
pages list ads for eight different
attractions, all with some new kind
of gimmick. Now if the studios
would only get together on one
kind of system the rest of the
theaters might be able to do busi
ness, too . . .
Glenn Ford reports that his pic
ture, based on the life of golfer
Ben Hogan, is doing good business
in re-runs. But now it’s called “The
Ben Hogan Story,” as it should
have been in the first place.
Ford said he never saw such
disappointment as when Hogan
learned his biography- was being
billed as “Follow the Sun”—The
story of two happy kids from
Texas” . . ,
Arch Oboler has never revealed
the cost of his pioneering 3D epic,
“Bwana Devil.” But from a re
liable source I hear that it ran
$200,000. The bill came to around
*300,000 with the tedious cutting
and processing. Nof a bad invest
ment for a film that is bringing
in millions.
FAWTU Course
Completed By
Naval Officer
Ensign Henry <5. Bozeman, son
of Mr. and Mrs. Henry J. Bozeman,
916 W. Broadway, Elk City, Okla.,
has qualified for Carrier All Wea
ther Squadrons by virtue of the
All Weather Flight course which
he recently completed at Fleet All
Weather Training Unit, Atlantic,
Naval Air Station.
He will report ot Composite
Squadron Twelve, Naval Air Sta-;
gmp • - HMHM
Hob Qttonaei Point, R. t, for a*
wgnment to duty involving flying
Ensign Bowman entered naval
service in August USA as an avia
tion cadet in the Navy V l pro
gram. He was designated a naval
aviator in August 1952 after com
pleting the prescribed flight tram
jag course at Pensacola, Fla
Ensign Bozeman u marned to :
the former Mss* Margaret Ode.j;
Gilbert f Spring HO. Ala
Ensign Bateman graduated fmm j
Elk City High School. Elk < ty,|
Okla.. and the University of Okla 1
boms. Norman, before entering the ;
Navy, He is a member of Delta j
Tau Delta, aocial fraternal.
get rid ef its Ur fed Xatfoa* *' ■*-*
I Earnhe-wer had to taka a def ine
public stand Sdeece could have,
beta wlerpratad a* n*k4**mmzl
So at Ms news tmicTtm* ?**
ter day Eisenhower rejected Tall*
ttu&ai&g wdb a flat ‘'lw“ %ltkk
be then followed with a length')
espfaeatiee carefully stated ** tn
b*sn Taft s feeling*.
--m i*KMimgna' M .gw,mi me v
; v>."
PERCHED ON THE KNEES of Gov. Earl Warn®, o t California, two New
\ ork Boy Scouts are briefed on the wonders of the sun-kissed state as
they make preparations for the annual Scout Jamboree to be held this
summer in Santa Ana, Calif. They are Scott Bonis and Frank Rothen
berg, both 12, members of Troop 579 of Manhattan. (International)
TV Companies Will Race Sun
To Get Coronation Films To U.S.
NEW YORK JV-With the aid of
jets and souped-up Psi fighters,
CBS and NBC hope to telecast
films of the coronation Tuesday
when the sun is only a little lower
in the sky here than it had been
in London during the event.
They’ll race the sup. to take full
est advantage of the five-hour dif
ference between London time and
Eastern time and the additional
three-hour difference for Pacific
Radio listeners can hear the
event as it happens if they want
to get up that early. The official
coronation ceremony is set for
11:15 a. m , Britisn summer time,
when it will be only 5:15 a. m..
Eastern Standard Time and 2:15
a. m„ Pacific Standard Time.
CBS estimates it may be able
to be on the air as early as 3 30
p. m.. EST, with a telecast of first
films of the coronation. NBC hasn't
been quite as optimistic but says
it will not be beater, by CBS.
A British Royal Air Force Can
berra jet bomber will take off from
London immediately after the cere
mony with kinescope or film re
cordings of the live telecast by
the British Broadcarting Corp.
The jet will fly 2.300 miles to
Goose Bay. Labrador, which CBS
estimates it will be able to do In
5Va hours. There separate copies
of the film recordings will be
turned over to NBC, CBS and the
Canadian Broadcasting Corpora
NBC and CBS each will have a
converted Psl Mustang fighter
waiting with engines warmed up
to race each other the 920 miles
to Logan Airport at Boston to put
the films on their nation wide TV
hookups CBS estimates the flight
can be done in hours or less.
All that's for the afternoon tele
cast. Meanwhile, both networks
also have chartered regular com
mercial airliners that will take
off soon after the coronation with
more films, including those made
with newsreel cameras by the net
works themselves.
The planes will fly directly to
Boston, with the films being pro
cessed and edited er route.
Then complete filmed review* of
Crossword Puzzle
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the coronation and the colorful pro
cessions before and afterward will
be telecast by NBC from 9:30 to
11 p. m, EST, and by CBS from
10 to 11 p. m., EST.
ABC dropped out of the race to
be first but will pick up the CBS's
telecast of films for an hour and a
half, starting at 7 p. m„ EST. CBS
will fly its films from Goosa Bay
to Montreal for telecasts over its
station there and, by network link,
over its station at Tronto. A link
southward from Toronto to U.S.
network facilities will enable ABC
to pick up the telecasts.
NBC and CBS also will open
their TV networks early—at 4:15
a. m , EST—to carry radioed de
scriptions of the event, accompan
ied by still photographs, newsreel
dips made previously, and other
visual aids. The Dumont TV net
work decided to pats up the hot
competition and wiU do a preview
program Sunday night.
On the radio side, Mutual and
NBC start at 4:15 a. m„ EST, and
ABC and CBS 15 minutes later.
All will have several additional
broadcasts during the day. How
ever, because of the complex
schedule of delayed broadcast op
erations In effect during Daylight
ume observance In parts of the
country, the time of coronation
broadcasts will vary considerably
by time zones.
The weather could play a big
role in both the TV and raC‘o plan
ning Storms yver the Atlantic
could delay the films for hours,
and magnetic disturbances could
upset transatlantic short wav* ra
dio reception.
News Briefs
About a quarter of Sweden’s for
est land is owned by national add
focal governments.
Several species of ante keep
aphids to produce a sweet liquid for
them, much as men keep cows.
Italian schoolbook histories hav©
a 25-year blank because a govern
ment commission has not yet de
rided what shall be written into
them about Fascism.
ieiwtlM ef YttUrliyi ffoaste
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X Speck*****
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