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The Key West citizen. [volume] (Key West, Fla.) 1879-current, June 25, 1953, Image 3

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SECURITY SLIP IS MADE IN PUBLISHING U.S. ARMY SECRETS
Information On
Seven Military
Measures Is
Made Public
By ELTON C. FAY
WASHINGTON UP. —Somebody’s
security slip was shewing today
with publication of recent testi
mony about military secrets by
Army officials before a House
appropriations committee.
Military secrets which popped
Into the open included information
about:
1. An entirely new weapons
carrying vehicle, nicknamed “The
Thing” but carrying the official
designation “Ontos,” to be used
variously, including as a mount
for anew “very high-powered”
recoilless rifle and for a quad
ruple .50-caliber anti-aircraft weap
on against lowfly'ng planes.
2. A plan to provide “much
longer range” for the 280-milli
meter cannon, which now has a
20-mile accurate range and fires
either atomic or conventional
shells, and anew shell, slightly
smaller than the caliber of this
giant cannon, expected to extend
its range "by about 50 per cent.”
3. "Extra light tanks,” two of
which are under test, of a type
expected eventually to replace the
28-ton Walker Bulldog tank.
4. A lightweight radar for battle
front use, apparently to help detect
enemy attempts at infiltration of
the front line, a technique much
used by the Communists in the
Korean War.
5. A long-range radar IFF (iden
tification, friend or foe), which
could mean the identification of
aircraft long before they are within
range of anti-aircraft guns or
guided missiles.
6. A folding, portable bridge, to
be carried on top of a tank as a
shelter for the crew while being
put in place under enemy fire.
7. A steam outboard motor for
small boats, to be used for quiet
crossing of rivers when the noise
of gasoline outboard motors would
warn the enemy.
Army officials expressed amaze
ment and appeared appalled when
copies of the 1,667 page printed
testimony released by the subcom
mittee reached the Pentagon.
Among the pages was informa
tion on new weapons still stamped
secret by the Pentagon. It was not
immediately clear how the mater
ial had come to be left in that
portion of testimony sent for pub
lic printing.
Security cropped up on some odd
subjects. There were "off the
record” notations for discussions
on such topics as the number of
cigarettes for prisoners of war in
Korea, a publicity release to bus
inessmen on why they should sup
port the National Guard, and feed
for the courier pigeons of the Sig
nal Corps.
The Army plugged hard for its
•tomic cannon during the testi
mony.
Maj. Gen. Kenneth D. Nichols,
chief of Army research and devel
opment, emphasised need for Army
atomic capabilities on the battle
field, with both the gun and guided
missiles armed with atomic war
heads. He asserted:
“All the studies which we have
made indicate that whether we can
or cannot defend Europe with the
amount of manpower and number
of divisions which v'e are able to
support, may depend on whether
we can achieve this atomic capa
bility"
Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army
chief of staff, for his part, replied
to some criticism of the gun. in
cluding questions about its mobil
ity because of weight.
He said, among other things, that
It ian’t true a special bridge would
be needed for river crossings, that
the 290-millimeter can “cross any
bridge that a medium tank can
eross."
The gun, together with the two
motor tractors that haul it, weighs
IS tons.
Army witnesses said the over-all
Amy cost dor the March 17 to
May 23 atomic test in Nevada was
aet at $2,887,000. For the atomic
cannon test, the cost (less that of
the shell) totaled $165,200.
Wright Reports
For Two-Week
Training Duty
Commander Austin R. Wright,
USNR, has reported to the Kev
Wait Naval Station for a two-week
training tour With the Resident Of
ficer-in-Charge of Construction.
Ha was born in Selma, Ala. and
was graduated from the Universi
ty of North Carolina where he re
ceived his bachelor of science de
gree In civil engineering.
Cdr. Wright is married to the
former Julia R. Dorris of Nash
villa. Tana. They are residing at
the Atlantic Sham Motel while is
ley West.
Cdr, Wright Is Sales Engineer
to* the Nashville Bridge Cos. at
NathviUa and also series as Com
manding Officer <j| Naval Reserve
Seabee Division r at Nashville
Drmg World W*r 11, cdr
Plan Afoot To Unite American
Presbyterian Churches Again
Clashes Go On
Along Muddy
Battlefront
Weyland Claims
Planes Have
Destroyed Reds’
War Potential
By MILO FARNETI
SEOUL UP>— Patrols skirmished j
briefly along the muddy Korean j
battlefront and Communist loud-'
speakers blared new predictions of
an imminent truce today as the
war entered its fourth year.
The commander of Far East Air ;
Forces, Gen. 0. P. Weyland, said
Allied warplanes have destroyed i
“the war-making potential” of the
Communists in North Korea.
Weyland apparently -eferred to
the destruction of Communist war
plants in North Korea. Red Armies ;
in Korea still are supplied from
Manchuria and Russia.
In a statement issued from his
Tokyo headquarters, Weyland said
950 Communist planes—including
779 swift MIG jets—have been shot
down in aerial battles since June
25, 1950. The Allies have Jost 973
planes, 108 to red warplanes, 661
to ground fire and 20 to unknown
causes—usually engine trouble.
The Air Force also claimed its
planes have destroyed in three
years 20,211 Communist trucks,
10,212 railroad cars, 1,045 bridges
and 1,291 tanks.
Allied forces were braced for a
major Red attack Thursday, the
war’s third anniversary, but Com
munist troops stayed in their rain
soaked bunkers.
Red loudspeakers which in re
cent day have blared repeatedly
that the fighting would end today
broadcast:
“High officials on both sides
have already set a truce date. Be
careful and don’t get hurt."
The Reds did not say what the
new truce date is.
Wednesday night about 500 Chi
nese attacked South Korean posi
tions in the Sniper Ridge area of
the Central front, but the attack
was beaten off, trie Eighth Army
said. Earlier in the day the ROKs
hurled back one to two Red regi
ments in the Sniper-Triangle Hill
sector.
Statistics On
Average Resident
Of Florida Given
By JIM MARTENHOFF
MIAMI iff—Are you an average
Floridian?
The U. S. Department of Com
merce boiled down all the statis
tics on residents of the Sunshine
State and came up with this dis
tilled average man—perhaps his
shoes fit you:
You are almost 31 years old.
went through 9. years of school,
and earn $1,950 from wages or a
salary. You live in a home with
.2 rooms and the chances arc
betlre than 50-50 that you own your
own home. It’s also a good chance
that you are paying off a mortgage
—almost half the homes in Florida
are not paid for.
Your home probably has hot run
ning water and *a hath—6o per
cent of Florida’s dwelling units do.
But it was very probably built
more than 13 years ago. More
than half of the homes in Florida
were built before 1940. You own a
refrigerator—three out of four
homes are equipped with mechani
cal refrigeration, but it’s almost a
sure bet you don’t have central
heating—w‘bo needs it here 1 '
Your home Is worth $6,612. And
if you are renting, you pay $38,60
per month.
Now shoe up vour family; You
have 3 22 persons in your family,
but only 2J people live in your
home—including yourself.
You do the cutting on that one
It s hard to visualise a portion of
a person. Looks like everyone, has
a half brother or half sister board
ing out
Thera Isn’t much difference In
Florida between Mr. Average City
Slicker and Mr. Average Country
Dweller.
City feller* are older—32 $ years
and cam more money—s2,ls2. and
even went to school longer—l 9. $
years. But in almost every other
respect they come out even with
their country cousins
Mr. Rural Floridian Is only 2$ ►
years old. west to school 7.8 years,
and earns only |i .23?.
Wright served as Com?may Com*
maodmg Officer of 12th U. S. Na
val CdastnxtMi Battalion and Ex
ecutive Officer of S*bc Deuea
rn ent of Task Force, daring th
'** of AM* Mi and.
Strong Opposition
In South May Halt
Merger Plans Of
Church Leaders
By GEORGE CORNELL
NEW YORK unity!
moves, afoot today in the ranks of j
a dozen Protestant denominations, I
have blossomed into a working'
plan for American Presbyterians. j
If the plan succeeds, it will be;
the biggest sealing of a historic j
church split since Northern and j
Southern Methodists set the prece
dent by joining forces in 1939.
“We’re all hopeful,” said Dr.
John A. Mackay,. president of
Princeton Theological Seminary
and moderator of the Presbyterian
Church in the U. S. A. (Northern).
But there is strong opposition in
the South.
Dr. William C. Robinson of the
Presbyterian Church in the U. S.
(Southern) and professor at
Columbia Theological Seminary,
Decatur, Ga., said 40 per cent of [
Southern Presbyterian leaders op
pose the present plan.
However, the Rev. Frank W.
Price of Richmond, Va., modera
tor of the Southern church, pre
dicted the merger plan will win
out. despite strong opposition.
“If we fail to achieve unity at
this favorable opportunity,” he
said, “it may be many years be
fore another attempt is made.”
Steps already taken by the two
bodies, as well as a third branch,
the United Presbyterians, have
brought them to the forefront of
a wide, variform movement to
; heal rifts in divided Protestantism.
| During the last 30 days, the
' three Presbyterian bodies project
ed a merger which would unite
them into a single body, called
“the Presbyterian Church in the
United States,” with a member
ship totaling 3Vi million.
Annual general assemblies of the
I three branches, within the last few
j weeks, voted unanimously to sub
: mit the 297-page merger plan to
j local presbyteries and churches for
a year’s preliminary study.
But the unaimous vote by the
I Southern Assembly admittedly was
| gained only because it committed
the church merely to a year’s ap
praisal, and gave no final sanc
| tion.
Objections by some Southerners
! include:
That the Northern church per
mits too much liberty by its min
isters in theological interpreta
tions. and some are not orthodox
enough.
That the smaller Southern
i church (about 700,000 members)
would be “swallowed up * and
dominated by the larger Northern
church (about 2*a million mem
bers).
Ironically, there have been no
| indications that racial segregation
j would be a major issue. It was
: the slavery question that caused
the original split in 1861.
Dr. Robinson, considered by both
North and South as one of the
more moderate opponents of the
j plan, predicted that unless it Is
altered, it ultimately would be de-
I fcated when put to vote by local
presbyteries.
| Both Dr. Price and Dr. Mckay
i conceded this was the key hurdle.
Price said a "considerable ma-
I jority” of the Southern Assembly
i probably will approve the plan
next spring, at the end of the
year’s study.
But after that, it still must get
final approval by a vote of local
presbyteries, and there, he said,
the “result is still in doubt.”
“However,” Price said, “the
tides of the spirt! are rising In the
three churches and will, I believe,
bear us by 1956 into the haven of
a untied Presbyterian church.”
During the ensuing year, minis
ters and officials of the three
churches will be conferring regu
larty in ironing out detailed prob
lems and procedures involved in
a merger.
After the vote by next year’s
assemblies, and the subsequent
vote by local presbyteries, if the
plan is approved, it then would go
back for a final vote in the 1955
assemblies, with union consum
mated by 1956.
No Luxury Liner
#'
DETROIT tf*—Deputy Defense
Secretary Roger 51. Kyes said last
night the Eisenhower Administra
tion “has charted a new course”
In efficient g rveraxneat. He pre
dicted that critics of proposed cuts
in the defense budget wiO quiet
down after “a few wails.”
In a speech before the Detroit
Board cf Commerce. Kye* de
clared, “Our ship of state cat no
longer be a luxury iiser.**
“The hanLeanwd d.viars cf the
'A.wicia people, he said, “can
no temper be ceiled upon ia tise
name of niridnal security unless
1 1‘Xa coos* of every such stellar *c
|*2,a y bv?;- natioc u sects- r ftv
Truman, Hoover Are In Washington
Wiley Asks FBI
To Investigate
WASHINGTON (,Pi-Sen. Wiley
j (R-Wis) says someone used an
j assumed name to make a “das
j tardlv smear attack” on him and
that he has asked the FBI to in
i vestigate.
Wiley blamed 40 telegrams he
| said were sent Wisconsin county
Republican chairmen for spurring
the State Republican Convention
{into adopting a resolution of cen
sure against him. The Resolution
; criticized his opposition to a pro
posed constitutional amendment to
limit treaty-making powers and his
co-sponsoring of a bill to admit
additional immigrants.
The Wisconsin senator told the
Senate yesterday the telegrams
were sent over the signature of the
“Committee for Constitutional Gov
ernment,” but that the committee
disavowed them, and that the send
er gave a fictitious name, “Ben
Thursday, June 25, 1953
■^l
m ~&***s*
Plenty of HUSTLE
— Zr.~ V
nff —*— a _ j ._ MgMpA jm*
9mm car Wmrm mu nmmw WH
THE automobile pictured here is
a 1953 Buick Special with
Twin-Turbine Dynaflow.*
You discover what that means
when you take its wheel—when you
try it for getaway—when you head
it up tall hills—when you maneuver
it in traffic.
The instant you want to move, you
move.
You can go from standstill to a
legal 30 mph quicker than quick.
Fact is, this spectacular new TT
Dynaflow gives you getaway, plus
silence, plus smoothness, in a com-
■ WHfW ifm* AUTOMOttttS Aft lURT tUtOf WfU. RP’D t
MULBERG CHEVROLET CO.
Comer CAROLINE STREET cmd TELEGRAPH LANE DIAL M 743
WASHINGTON
planned and their paths didn’t
cross, but the only two living for
mer presidents were both on Cap
itol Hill yesterday.
Herbert Hoover dropped in brief
ly on Sen. Taft (R-Onio). They dis
cussed. in the senator’s office, leg
islation for anew government re
organization commission. Hoover
headed one such body.
Few people knew of Hoover's
visit, but the Senate galleries were
packed when Harry S. Truman
visited that chamber.
Truman got a warm bipartisan
greeting, was escorted to his old
Senate seat and made a brief
speech.
He told the senators they had a
duty to “help keep peace in the
world.”
He also quipped that he liked
the location of his old seat, near
a door—“when the going was too
rough there was always a way to
get out.”
jamin Coleman,” to the Western
Union.
The Committee for Constitution
al Government, Inc., said it did
not authorize and had no know
ledge of the telegrams.
THE KEY WEST CITIZEN
Navy Wife Slain By Husband In Love Triangle
HONOLULU UP —A young sailor
apparently shot and killed his 19-
year-old wife, seriously wounded
a Navy man, then fatally shot him
self yesterday in a romantic tri
angle, Navy investigators said.
Dead were James D. Young
blood. 22, whose hometown was
withheld, and his wife, Patricia
>* A New LOAN PLAN
with a
New FINANCE COMPANY
FOR THE PEOPLE OF KEY WEST
Money at Once!
$25 to S3OO Without Red Tape, On Your
Car, Furniture or Signature!
The Southern Finance Company now brings to the people of Key West the many advantages
of its liberal credit policy. You are cordially invited to visit our NEW office at 705V* Duval
Street and get acquainted with our fast, friendly, personalized service. Come in TODAYI No
worthy person refused.
Page 3
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Something- new* Money on your car
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save money besides.
Come In or Phone 2-3574 Todayl
Southern Finance Company
Air •Conditioned for Your Comfort 705 Va DUVAL STREET
bination no other automotive trans
mission in the world can equal.
The instant you want emergency
power, it’s there velveting forth
from a brilliant Fireball 8 Engine
with the highest horsepower and
compression ratio ever to power a
Buick Special.
The truth is, the instant you feci
this big, broad, thrill-charged
beauty in motion, you’ll know it for
a performance automobile—nimble
and eager, responsive as quick
silver.
But exhilarating action is just part
of the story here.
Ross Youngblood, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. J. A. Ross of Bishop,
Tex. Mrs. Youngblood was a Uni
versity of Hawaii honor student.
Wounded, but expected to recov
er, was William Francis McDon
ald Jr., 23, Pass Christian. Miss.
Robert Golden, Navy investiga
tor, said Youngblood, who re-
Furniture and Appliance Loans
Even tf vou own money now or have
a loan elsewhere, we can advance
. you the cash vou need, regardlesa of
the amount you owe or the condition
of your furniture, subject only to tha
usual credit terms of the company.
Small monthly payments to fit your
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Convenient monthly payment* can
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There’s spacious roominess.
There’s a magnificent ride. There’s
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\
Why not drop in on us this week?
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*Sumdmi cm Romdmmtm, uftivmd <e mem out
(matter Strut.
irntmuntr
BUICK
/f f£ gMiAT YWAM9
turned Monday from four months
at sea a b o a r and the tanker Natch
aug, apparently shot his wife sev
eral times through the head at her
Waikiki Beach apartment.
Golden said Youngblood then
went to Pearl Harbor, fired three
shots at McDonald and finally
turned the gun on himself.

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