Newspaper Page Text
TH* KiY WIST crriZlN TuMday, March 30, WW AEC Discloses Second H-Bomb Blast; No Details Announced Report Contains No Hint Of Intensity Of March 26 Test By FRiD f. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON Of— The United States has triggered its second hydrogen blast in less than a month—even as waves of reaction from the epic March 1 explosion still were rolling through Congress and foreign capitals. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) disclosed the latest test det onation in a bare announcement last night. It said “the second test of the present thermonuclear ser ies was successfully carried out on Friday, March 26.” AEC gave no hint of the intensity K this latest blast, touched off in super-secrecy at the government’s testing ground in the mid-Pacific Marshall Islands. Bit by bit, the awesome power of the March 1 blast has been un veiled to the world. Packs Big Wallop From all indications, that ex filosion—which involved an actual, usable hydrogen weapon—exceed ed scientific expectations. It is re ported to have packed a wallop 600 or 700 times greater than the atomic bomb that virtually obliter ated Hiroshima in the waning days of World War n. That early atomic age bomb killed 60,000. The AEC did not indicate wheth er an actual H-bomb was exploded last Friday, or whether the test involved another thermonuclear “device” like the first one set off in the Marshalls in late 1852. The hydrogen tests are contin uing and another, perhaps greater blast is anticipated in late April. AEC said last night that “infor mation highly important to nation al defense is being derived from this test aeries.” Rep. Van Zandt (R-Pa) said the AEC will brief him and other mem ber* of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee today on the results of the latest Mast. Publicity Demanded Ever since the awesome details of the March 1 test began leaking, demands have been rising in Con gress for President Eisenhower to let the public in on the real scope and significance of that explosion. Just yesterday, Rep. Holifield (D-Calif), an atomic energy com mitteeman, told the House he had written Eisenhower asking that the President end worldwide “con fusion, fear and hysteria” growing out of the H-bomb test reports. Until now, the President has de clined to discuss in detail the March 1 explosion until he had had a briefing from Chairman Lewis L. Strauss of the AEC. Strauss re turned Sunday from the Pacific proving grounds. most Eisenhower would say at his news confgrence last Wednesday was that the effects of the March 1 explosion were sur prising even to the Americans who conducted the tests. Censored Pictures However, the American people will get some idea of the meaning of a hydrogen explosion in about a week. The government is releasing a censored picturization of the pio neer 1852 test for exhibition April 7. That the hydrogen blast nearly a month ago went beyond advance scientific calculations was evident from the fact that radioactive de bris and moisture penetrated ,ast the safety zone blocked out by AEC’i generally cautious experts. Some American technicians and a number of natives of the island believed beyond danger suffered some radiation effects. And a Jap anese fishing craft was showered by radioactive coral ash, though •he was 80 miles from the blast center. Her 23 crewmen were treated by Japanese and American doctors. Results Of Ist Test In Tokyo last night, Japanese health officials condemned as harmfully radioactive an 80,000- pound tuna catch brought in by another fishing boat that was 200 miles from the explosion. The mounting tensions over the March 1 blast were used by Jap anese Socialists in the Diet yester- s \Y*<' ,X j 4 \ NAVARRO, Inc. • 601 Duval St The Weatherman Sa r* Key West and Vicinity: Fair and continued warm thru Wednesday with gentle to moderate Southeast to south winds. Low tonight about 72; high tomorrow about 85. Florida: Fair 'thru Wednesday except partly cloudy and widely scattered showers extreme north portion. Continued warm. Jacksonville thru the Florida Stratis and East Gulf: Moderate south and southwest winds over north portion and gentle to mod erate southeast to south winds ov er south portion thru Wednesday. Clear to partly cloudy weather. Western Caribbean: Moderate east to southeast winds thru Wed nesday. Partly cloudy weather with a few isolated light showers. Observations Taken At City Office Key West, Fla., Mar. 30, 1954 at 7 AM., EST TEMPERATURES Highest yesterday 84 Lowest last night ....... 74 Mean .. ... 79 Normal ........... 75 PRECIPITATION Total last 24 hours 0 ins. Total this month 2.90 ins. Excess this month +1.56 ins. Total this year 7.52 ins. Excess this year +3.01 ins. Relative Humidity, 7 A.M. • 87% Beremeter (See Level), 7:00 A.M. 30.05 in 5.—1017.6 mbs. Tomorrow's Almenec Sunrise 6:20 a.m. Sunset ..................... 6:43 p.m. Moonrise ... 4:04 a.m. Moonset .......... 3:55 p.m. TOMORROW'S tides (Navel Base) High Tide Low Tide 7:42 a.m. 1:14 a.m. 7:42 p.m. 1:08 p.m. ADDITIONAL TIDE DATA Reference Station: Key West Tlmeef Height of Station— Tido high wator Bahia Honda (bridge) ......—oh 10m 9.0 ft. Ne Name Key (east end) _..+2h 20m Boca Chlca Sandy Pt. —oh 40m Caldes Channel (north end) +2h 10m +1.4 ft. (_.)—Minus sign: Corrections to be subtracted. (+)—Plus sign: Corrections to be added. MAYER CELEBRATES CHICAGO F. Mayer, one of the nation’s oldest meat packers, was on the job as usual yesterday—his 95th birthday. Mayer, who opened his first sausage plant in 1883 and built a packing empire, cut a huge birth day cake for employes at the Oscar F. Mayer & Cos. office. There were similar parties in com pany plants in other cities. Mayer is broad chairman. day as the basis for an attack on the pending U. S.-Japanese mutual aid pact. In the wake of the March 1 test and its surprising force, the test area has been enlarged consider ably. Id Britain, Prime Minister Churchill was to answer a volley of searching questions today in the House of Commons, where both Labor and Conservative members have expressed concern about Britain’s future in the hydrogen atomic age. London reports said Churchill may make a declaration of momentous importance. And in New Delhi, Indian Prime Minister Nehru demanded a halt to experiments with the hydrogen bomb. FROM THE PRESS BOX By OSCAR MILIAN Some thousand fans were on hand Thursday night at Wicker’s Sta dium to see the Key West Conchs get a good spanking from the Co ral Gables high school nine for its first defeat of the season and the only’s in a conference game. It was tough going for the Conchs from the start. The Conchs outfielders had e bsd night, but they had one con solation in mind, chief umpire Albert Rodriguez, also had very sore eyes. Gibby Gates pitched good ball. In fact he pitched winning ball, but you can’t win when the breaks are against you. The Gables lads took advantage of a bad opening inning and put over four tallies on 2 hits a base on balls and 2 out field errors. Ibis lead they main tained to the end of the game. Catcher Joe Atwood of the Co rel Gables High is going places as a ball player. The kid has a peg to second base like a shoe string. Keep an eye on the boy! When Biff Salgado smashed one of Tom Atwood’s swift pitches deep into the right center field wall with Julio Santana on second for a standing three bagger in the fifth inning, the crowjJ, a thousand strong, cheered and yelled with the might of whooping Indians for that was the beginning of a rally that netted the locals 3 runs. Never have seen a more dis gusted look on a boys face than that expressed by Gibby Gates in the seventh inning when with Donny Cruz on third and George Lastres on second and one man out with the score reading Coral Gables 6 Conchs 5, he was given the squeeze play signal. Joe At wood quite a smart catcher, ap parently read the batters mind for he asked for a bad pitch, Gatos wont after the attempt bunt end the result was a little pop to pitcher Jack Langor. The crowd booed its disapproval for with the pop fly wont the chan ces of possibly winning the game. The Conchs lost another wonder ful opportunity of winning the game in the sixth inning when Gil bert Gates beat out a grounder to second for an infield hit, Julio Santana bunted a long the first base line and was safe when Herb Gonzalez tried to catch Gates at second base, Eloy Rodriguez sac rificed both runners with a neat bunt along the third base line. The crowd roared with enthusiasm as Biff Salgado who has previously hit two singles and a triple, walked to the batters box, the first pitch was high and Biff let it go by, but umpire Rodriguez saw it good and called it a strike, the husky first baseman didn’t like it and mumb led something as he took his place at the plate, the next pitch looked very low and the crowd booed as umpire Rodriguez called it a strike, Biff at this point red with anger) but keeping his temper because of the school’s regulation, walked away from the plate tapping the back of his shoe with the end of the bat, taking his position back at the batter’s box Biff decided to take a cut at what ever came next and struck out. Before going back to the dugout Salgado walked a round the umpire talking to him self and jumping in the air with rage. Don't know why Jerry Pita* is not used in the mound once in a while. Pita is a pretty good hurl or and has good stuff on the ball WELL-BEHAVED SAILORS—Two hundred and twenty-four year* of good conduct is represented by these crewmen of the U.S.S. Balao (SS 285). following the presentation of 25 Good Conduct Medals by Lcdx. W. W. Behrens, Jr., commanding officer, recently. The men are (from left to right, first row): Melvin A. Phillips TMI (SS), USN; Wesley L. Olson, EN2 (SS). USN; Paul M. Keown, ETSN (SS), USN: Edward F. Keane. TMI (SS), USN; Walter L. Guertin, TM2 (SS). USN; Charles D. Ward, GM2 (SS). USN; James W. Howell. EMI (SS). USN; Oliver W. Love, TMC (SS), USN; Thomas J. Sexton. EMPC (SS), USNR; (from left to right second row): Michael M. Orbovich. TMI (SS). USN; Henry A. Lowe, FN (SS). USN; Francis J. Stacey, QMI (SS), USN; William M. Seller merhorn, EMI (SS). USN; James L. Faris. ENI (SS). USN; Richard E. Braan. SD2 (SS), USN; Arthur W. HemphilL TM2 (SS). USN: Edward L. Bland, RMC (SS). USN; Cecil E. Borleey. Jr.. EMC (SS), USN; Paul B. Byork. HMC (SS). USN. Not present when the picture was taken: George A. Wood. ENCA (SS), USN; William P. Windsor. EMI (SS); Reese C. Wilson. ET2 (SS). USN; Kenneth R. Hardwick, ENI (SS), USN. The Balao, a unit of Submarine Squadron Twelve, based in Key West, is a veteran of ten war pa trols in World War 11, and is credited with sinking 23 enemy vessels. 11111 WL lw nJ M ■HUpgi RESCUED BY HELICOPTER—L. D. Edwards, 59. of Key West, and J. S. Granger, 49. of Detroit, yesterday afternoon were picked up off Middle Sambo by a helicopter from the Naval Air Station after their outboard boat sank. Edwards is about to be placed in an ambulance (above). Although they were in the water about six hours, neither man was in serious condition. Edwards is owner of the Banana Tree Grill, 523 Truman Ave. The boat sank when they started the motor without hoisting the anchor.—Official U.S. Navy Photo. Seven Die In 836 Crash At Spokane Field SPOKANE, Wash. MV-Seven of the 10 men aboard were killed yes terday in the flaming crash of a 836 bomber that fell seconds after takeoff and burst into flames. The plane hit the ground hard just off the runway at Fairchild Air Force Base, skidded through a small construction shed and quickly burned amid towers of dense smoke visible for miles. The three survivors crawled, stumbled or were thrown to safe ty. A witness said it was “unbe lievable” that anyone could have escaped. The extent of their injuries couldn’t be determined immediate ly nor could they say exactly how they got out alive. The cause of the crash was a mystery. The names of the seven victims were withheld. The survivors were Capt. Walter M. Roller, the aircraft command er; Maj. Virgil L. Westling, the pilot; and Ist Lt. Leroy B. Ross, the engineer. All have their homes here. The five-million-dollar bomber with six piston and four jet en gines was taking off just at sunset on a routine training mission. Seconds after it left the ground, it veered to the right and crashed. It skidded several hundred feet, went through the shed and came to rest in flames next to a fence near the flight line. The United States produced a record 9,472,860 gross of wooden lead pencils during 1953. Some scientists believe that all pronounced near sightedness is hereditary. when he is right. However as an outfielder, he is out of place. The Coral Gables High have a good team this year and must be respected. Watch those kids. They are going to be a headache this season, even to the Conchs. Paul Avery who did a fine job announcing the football last season in making a try at announcing baseball and by the way he han dled things Thursdy night it seems like he has the making of a very good baseball announcer. PLAN ADVANCED FOR (Continued from Page One) or bridges and fills, should have a built-in water line, to alleviate our diminishing water supply, and to provide an alternate source* in the event of damage on the pre sent pipe line. The two lines could meet at Big Pine Key, and added water for all of the keys would spur development. “Personally, I would like to see such a plan put into operation without extensive bonding or pled ging of homes, on a toll basis, until paid for. I believe many more tourists would be attracted by the idea of making a “circle tour,” and this also applies to a Western Gateway to the Ever glades National Park. Such a plan, properly presented, should meet with Federal favor, and will go far to aid in the growth and ex pansion of yet underveloped areas along Florida’s West Coast and the Keys.” JORDAN PRESSES FOR (Continued from Page One) still technically at war under a shaky truce since 1948. Israeli Boycott It still was not known, however, whether Israel would show up for the commission meeting. The Is raelis have been boycotting the ar mistice group since it failed to up hold their charge that Jordan was responsible for the March 17 am bush of a Jewish bus on the Ne geb Desert in which 11 persons were slain. The Israeli government did not mention the bus incident specifi cally in its first reaction to the latest killing. Prime Minister Moshe Share-tt, refraining from denying that Israeli citizens might have carried out the raid, said the attack “looks like, a reaction to the Kissalon incident.” He referred to the slaying over the weekend of a 50-year-old Jew ish night watchman at the little Israeli village of Kissalon, not far from Natalin across the border. Israel has charged Arabs from Jordan did the killing. “This does not alter the fact,” said Sharett, “that we deplore any act of violence. But we also main tain the basic responsibility is with that side (the Arabs) which again and again starts this constant chain of outrages.” New Haven, Conn., claims that it had the first commercial tele phone exchange in 1878. Social Security Agents Due Here It's Social Security timo in Ksy Wait again. Representatives of the Mi ami office of the Administra tion will be here Tuesday, April 4, to discuss Social Se curity matters with those who waM tatormation or who are eligible to file for benefits. They will make their head quarters at the office of the Florida State Employment Ser vice, 314 Simonton St., and may be contacted there after 9 e. m. Former Resident Dies In Tampa LABELLE, Fla.—Funeral ser vices for Mrs. Lois Jane White, 41, who died Saturday in a Tampa Hospital after an illness of three weeks, will be held Wednesday at 2:30 p. m. at the graveside in Ft. Denaud Cemetery. Roberts Fun eral Home, Arcadia, is in charge of arrangements. Mrs. White and her husband, William W. White, were residents of Key West for eleven years, during which time Mrs. White was employed at City Hall. The couple moved to Laßelle in 1948. Survivors include the husband; mother. Mrs. E. B. Davis, Fort Myers; one brother, R. W. Perry, Mansfield, Ohio; and one sister, Mrs. Hazel Perkins, Midland, Mich. T emperatures At 7:30 d.M. 9 EST Atlanta 65 Augusta 69 Billings 27 Birmingham 68 Boston .. 31 Buffalo 20 Charleston 68 Chicago 20 Corpus Christi 71 Denver 19 Detroit 22 El Paso 60 Ft. Worth 41 Galveston 67 Jacksonville 70 Kansas City 25 KEY WEST 76 Kay West Airport 76 Los Angeles 51 Louisville 34 Meridian 63 Miami 71 Minneapolis 19 New Orleans 70 New York 35 Norfolk 62 Omaha 21 Pensacola 69 Pittsburgh 29 Roanoke 55 St. Louis 27 San Antonio 71 San Francisco 43 Seattle + 29 Tallahassee 70 Tampa 70 Washington 55 IT’S “23 SKIDOO” TO ST. LOUIS PIGEONS ST. LOUIS Wi—City Hall has won its long battle against the pigeons. Director of Public Safety Joseph P. Sestric came up with the an swer in a device he calls skiddoo skids. They are boards placed at steep angles over ledges where the the pigeons roost. When a pig eon comes in for a landing it slides off. Wooden slides, used as an experiment, proved so success ful they are being replaced with metal skids. EISENHOWER ASKS | (Continued from Page One) toe suggestions in general, bund led them together into a message and asked Congress to do some thing about them. Many members of the President’s own party in the Senate and House adhere to the historic GOP position that tar iffs should be kept relatively high to protect domestic industry against cheap imports. The commission, headed by Clar ence Randall of Chicago, president of Inland Steel Cos., turned in its report Jan. 23. Cera Of Messagt The core of the report and the Eisenhower message is a recom mendation for a three-year exten-1 sion of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act, which expires June 12, and for expanded author ity for the president to negotiate! tariff adjustments with other coun- 1 tries on a give-and-take basis. i Significant objections came from members of Congress who will have a vital role in deciding the fate of tariff legislation: Chairman Daniel A. Reed (R --NY) of the House Ways and Means Committee, Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R-Pa), a high-rank ing member of the committee, and Chairman Eugene D. Millikin (R-; Colo) of the Senate Finance Com mittee. Eisenhower said his is a “mini mum program” of four major, in terlocked parts: Foreign aid—“which we wish to curtail.” Investments abroad— I “which we wish to encourage.” Free exchange of one currency for another— “which we wish to facilitate.” i Foreign trade—“which we wish to expand.” Achiavamant Essential The President said he considers it essential to achieve each of these objectives, declaring: “Unless we are prepared to adopt the policies I have recom mended to expand export and im port trade and increase the flow of our capital into foreign invest ment, our friends abroad may be discouraged in their effort to re establish a free market for their currencies. If we fail in our trade policy, we may fail in all. Our domestic employment, our stand ard of living, our security, and the MAYOR'S PROCLAMATION Mayor C. B. Harvey today issued a proclamation designating April as "Cancer Control Month" and en dorsing the American Cancer Society's combined cancer educational and fund-raising crusade which opens April 1. t The Mayor pointed out that cancer, which last year took a toll of 227,000 victims in the United States, is now America's second most deadly disease. Stressing the fact that public health problems are the concern of everyone in the community, he recommended support of the cancer crusade as a means of furthering a program that is combatting the dread disease by three important fields of activity—research, professional and public education, and service to patients. The Text of the proclamation follows: WHEREAS, public health problems are not only the responsibility of the medical and public health authorities but of all the residents of the community as well, and "WHEREAS, cancer, as a public health problem, now ranks second among causes of death in the United States, and WHEREAS, cancer deaths increased from 220,000 in 1952 to 227,000 in 1953 and a further increase is predicted this year, and WHEREAS, control of cancer involves concerted ac tion in three fields—scientific research to find permanent cures or preventives, wic>st dissemination to physicians and their patients of known facts about cancer, and ser vice to cancer patients—, and WHEREAS, the American Cancer Society is the only volunteer agency in the United States with an adequate program dealing with all three of the foregoing phases of cancer control activities, and WHEREAS, there is an especial immediate need for wider public knowledge about cancer as evidenced by the fact that 73,000 Americans died last year from can cers that could have been cured had they been treated in time, and WHEREAS, the American Cancer Society is devoting more than $4,800,000 yearly in a campaign to inform the public how to detect the seven most common cancer dan ger signals and to impress upon everyone the urgent ne cessity of early treatment if cancer is to be cured, and WHEREAS, the Society intensifies this public educa tional program in combination with its annual fund-raising crusade during the month of April, and WHEREAS, the Congress of the United States has authorized the President to designate April as National Cancer Month, THEREFORE, I, C. B. Harvey, Mayor of the City of Key West, do hereby ordain and proclaim that the resi dents of this city shall observe April as: Cancer Control Month and, FURTHERMORE, do recommend they support the cancer crusade by generous donations in order that this community meet its fund quota and contribute its share toward financing the continuation of the comprehensive program being carried out by the ACS to fight cancer now and eventually to banish it as a sinister threat to future generations of our citizens. Done under my hand and seal this 30th day of March, Nineteen Hundred and Fifty-Four . (s) C. B. HARVEY. Mayor, City of Key West, in the State of Florida. Attest: VICTOR LOWE, City Clerk. I solidarity of the fret wortd <H are involved. • “For our own economic growth we must have continuously ex* panding world markets; for our security we require that our allies become economically strong. Ex panding trade is the only adequate solution for those two pressing problems confronting our country.” Failure to attain a higher trade | level, the President said, will threaten the domestic economy by dooming efforts to find ways by which others, through their efforts, can buy U. S. goods. Reduced ex- I ports, with farms and factories selling less, is the only alterna tive, he said. Threat To Fra# World ‘‘Beyond our economic interest,” he said, “the solidarity of the free world and the capacity of the free world to deal with those who would destroy it are threatened ' by continued unbalanced trade re lationships—inability of nations to sell as much as they desire to buy. “By moving boldly to correct the present inbalance, we shall sup port and increase the level of our exports of both manufactured and agricultural products. We shall, at the same time, increase the eco nomic strength of our allies.” While Eisenhower asked for a three-year extension of the trade agreements law, there are signs in Congress he may have to settle for a two or even one-year contin uation, perhaps without the added authority to cut duties he and the Randall Commission asked. The changes would empower the President, through negotiations j with other countries, to make these tariff reductions during the three ! year extension period: 1. A cut of 5 per cent a year oa specially selected commodities. If i presidential authority to negotiate tariff reductions up to 50 per cent under present law has has been used up, the proposal would limit reductions to a total of 15 per cent. 2. A cut to 50 per cent of toe value of the goods of all tariffs ■ now exceeding that figure. 3. A cut of as much as 50 per j cent in the rates in effect on Jan. :1, 1945, on products not hging im ported at all or only in “negli gible volume.” This could be done by the United States alone, as well as by negotiation.