Newspaper Page Text
Thursday, July 1,1954
French Tell Of Losses In Indochina • Withdrawal From Rich Red River Area Announced •y PORRIST IDWARDS HANOI, Indochina (e (TV— The French announced today they are withdrawing from the southern quarter! of the rich Red River delta, abandoning to the Commu hist-led Vietminh thousands of miles of rich rice lands and an estimated two million Indochinese. The withdrawal, rumored in progress for some days, yields to the rebels without a fight such major points as the big Catholic center of Phat Diem, 75 qiiles southeast of Hanoi; Thai Binh, 80 miles southeast of the war capital; Ninh Binh, 80 miles south of Hanoi; ' and the major textile manufactur ing town of Nam Dinh, 55 miles southeast of Hanoi. Report Confirmed The French confirmed they were pulling out of the area on Wednes day but tight military censorship prevented cabling of the news abroad until today. (The French news agency report ed in Paris that the Vietminh occu pied nut Diem at 10 a.m. Wednes day. (In London, the British Foreign Office announced last night it had warned the 150 British Common wealth citizens in Hanoi to be ready to leave on short notice.) A French army spokesman said the troops were being pulled out of the delta's southern zone because they are needed to protect Hanoi and the supply lifeline between it and Indochina’s major seaport, Haiphong, 64 miles to the east Prepare Te Defend The spokesman said the French ’were shrinking their defense lines to meet a possible attack by "six Vietminh divisions massed on the delta borders.” Such an attack—with Hanoi as the main objective—has been ex pected ever since the rebels early this month completed transfer to the delta borders of the thousands of battle-tested troops who overran Dien Bien Phu. Since then the French have abandoned one after another of their small posts south of Hanoi under a policy of tightening the perimeter of defense.” Spokesmen Insisted repeatedly, however, there was no real evacuation of any por tion of the French-held territory. (Associated Press Correspondent Larry Alien, who recently went from Hanoi to Singapore after two yean of covering the Indochina war, reported yesterday that the French were preparing for a last ditch stand along file Hanoi-Hai phong rail and roadway unless a cease-fire agreement et the Geneva conference should forestall the an ticipated Vietminh attack. May Leae Hanoi (Allen said the French already envisioned they also might have to give up Hanoi and its 600,000 inhab itants and were strengthening the defenses of Haiphong for a beach head stand.) The decision to withdraw from the southern delta was made in the face of strenuous opposition from officials of the Viet Nam govern ment headed by chief of state Bao Dai, the ex-Emperor of Annam. Viet Nam’s new Premier, Ngo Dinh Diem, flew to Hanoi yester day for conferences with North Viet Nam Gov. Nguyen Huu Tri. Tri told newsmen Tuesday that "40,000 to 50,000 persons have been evacuated from the four cities in the southern past of the delta in the past two weeks.” Vietnamese sources said those being brought out, to Heaol, were French civilians and families of Vietnamese soldiers fighting with French Union forces. Peer Increases France’s new Premier, Pierre Mendes-Frence, has promised to win an armistice in Indochina by July 20 or resign. Since he took office io days ego, fears have in creased among Vietnamese allied with the French that France would agree to a settlement at Geneva ceding ail or most of northern Indo china to file Communist-command ed rebels. The United States has opposed strongly any such partition of the country. Gov. Tri termed the withdrawal "unnecessary” and said, "The en tire delta should be defended.” "A decision to withdraw should be based on an agreement which hast already been made between the French and Vietminh at Gen ova,” he declared. A French Army spokesman em phatically denied that the with drawal was the result of any such agreement. He ask! it was "moti vated entirely by defense needs in the northern and central parts of the delta which must be defended.” OLD FIRM CLOSES WARE, Mas. (IP)—A firm that made tools used to build the frigate Constitution, "Okl Iron sides,” launched in 1797, has gone out of business. The Snell Manufacturing Cos, which had been making hardware tinea 1790, closed down yesterday. TH* KIY WIST CITIZEN Navy Lifts Ban On Friedin’s Perky Lodge Friedin’s Perky Lodge, on Sugar Loaf Key, is no longer off limits to Naval personnel, the Navy said today. The restaurant had been off limits for sanitary reasons. How ever, it came out at the last meet ing of the Armed Forces Discipli nary Control Board that Friedin had complied with the sanitary requirements. Cornelius Friedin, operator of the lodge, is free in $250 bond on charges of selling whiskey without a license, possession of whiskey in violation of his beer license, pos session of cigarettes on which a tax had not been paid, and send ing cigarettes on which a tax had not been paid. * His case is expected to come up in the July term of Criminal Court. The Weatherman Says Key West and Vicinity: Partly cloudy today thru Friday with passing showers. Not much change in the temperature. Low tonight near 76-78 degrees; high Friday about 89-90 degrees. Moderate to fresh easterly winds, occasionally moderately strong offshore. Small Craft Warning displayed. Florida: Clear to partly cloudy and continued warm thru Friday with only a chance of a few local showers. Jacksonville Thru the Florida Straits and East Gulf: Small craft warnings displayed from Miami southward thru the Keys for fresh, occasionally moderate strong 20-30 mph easterly winds with increas ingly rough seas. Elsewhere in dis trict fresh easterly winds over the south portion and light to moder ate easterly over the north por tion. Weather partly cloudy thru Friday. Scattered showers south portion. • Western Caribbean: Moderate to freqh easterly winds and partly cloudy weather thru Friday with a few local showers. Weather Summary for the Tropi cal Atlantic, Caribbean Sea Area and the Eastern Gulf of Mexico: There are no important waves or other signs of disturbance in the tropics today. Avery weak wave is noted near Mona passage and another has faded out in the south eastern Gulf but only a few light showers attend them. Observation Taken at Post Office Building, 7:00 A.M., EST. Key West, Fla., July 1, 1954 Temperatures Highest yesterday 93 Lowest last night 80 Mean 87 Normal 84 Precipitation Total last 24 hours 01 ins. Total this month 01 ins. Deficiency this year -.13 ins. Total this year 21.38 ins. Excess this year +7.26 ins. Rslative Humidily, 7 A.M. 79% Barometer (Sea Level). 7 A.M. 30.04in5.—1017.6 mbs. Tomorrow's Almanac Sunrise 5:41 a.m. Sunset 7:21 p.m. Moonrise 7:45 a.m. Moonset 9:11 p.m. TOMORROW'! TIDES (Mml B.) High Tides Low Tides 10:45 a.m. 3:54 a.m. 11:58 p.m. 5:34 p.m. ADDITIONAL."TIDE DATA Reference Station: Key West Time of Height of Station— Tide high water •ahia Honda (bridge) .—eh 19m 9.0 tt. No Name Key (east end) _..+2h 20m Secs Chics Sandy Pt. —eh 40m Caldes Channel (north end) +2h 10m -4-1.4 ft. (_)—Minus sign: Corrections te be subtracted. (-p)—Plus sign: Corrections te be added. WOULD-BE SUICIDE IN CRITICAL STATE A 30-year-old man last night at tempted suicide by shooting him self once in the right temple with a .32 caliber revolver, according to the sheriff’s department. The attempt took place in the back yard of his home. He is in the Naval Hospital in a critical con dition. Smuggling Operation VIENNA (1*— I The Vienna news paper Arbeiter Zeitung says doz ens of suspected international Com munist agents are being smuggled back and forth across the Iron Curtain, over Austria’s frontiers with Hungary and Czechoslovakia. Read The Citizen Daily Page 9 Children’s Bookmobile To Start Operations Here Soon Civic Minded Key Westerg Form Company Seven civic minded Key West re sidents have banded together to form a non-profit corporation to furnish a "Bookmobile” which will bring good reading right to the doorsteps of local children. The project came to light yester day when attorney Enrique Esquin aldo, Jr. filed the papers of in corporation in the Circuit Court. President of tHte • corporation, which does not intend to make any money, but rather proposes to en rich the minds of children of el ementary school age, is Navy Commander Walter F. Toy, 3644 Duck Ave. Mrs. Edward F. Bay ly, 2104 Fogarty Ave., is vice presi dent and Mrs. R. E. Lilly, 2516 Harris Ave. is secretary-treasurer. Members of the board of directors include Edwin F. Trevor, 3637 Ave. E, the Rev. John Reese, 800 Center St., Lt. Cmdr. Charles Robinson, and Mrs. George V. Rogers, 45 Maine Road, Sigsbee Park. * Idea Conceived Commander Toy explained today that the project was conceived at a meeting of the Poinciana School Parent and Teachers Association meeting in May. A discussion brought out the fact that the reading, ability of many children of Navy families is not up to standard because they are often transferred in the middle of the school year. It was decided that the ideal time to remedy the situation would be during the sum mer vacation by encouraging child ren to read good books. Problem: How to get the books to the children since school librar ies are open only one hour a day during the vacation period. About a half dozen parents held several meetings and the result was a proposal to start a book mobile. The results will be evidenced when the Bookmobile starts mak ing its rounds, probably next week. It wasn’t that easy, however, many hours of work and planning have been necessary to make the project a reality. Community Chost Helps Toy declared that the city’s ser vice clubs have come through with gifts of money for initial costs. The Community Chest has offered to pay the first month’s cost of operation with the possibility ad vanced that they may turn over funds set aside for the operation of the now-defunct Jayteen to the Bookmobile project. Edwin Trevor, owner of the Columbia Laundry donated a used laundry truck and the Mulberg Chevrolet Cos., helped with a paint, job for the vehicle. Volunteer workers are installing moveable shelves in the truck. The school children themselves have donated about 1000 books for the travel ing library. Mrs. Edith Russell, a teacher at Poinciana School will be the li brarian. Bayly emphasized today that every child in the the city will be welcome to use the Bookmobile. "And there is no intention of charging for the service, "he add ed. Five Zones The city has been divided into five zones with the Bookmobile visiting a different one daily. The zones: 1. Areas outside the city limits, including Boca Chica and Stock Island. 2. Poinciana School area. 3. Truman School area. 4. Douglass School area. 5. Harris School area* and all civilian and Navy housing projects and the Naval Base. "We want to create within the child the urge to read for himself,” said Toy, “Teachqrs h-*>ve endorsed the idea enthusiastically.” He added the books the corpora tion may purchase will be selected for children from the first through the sixth grade. As soon as pos sible, the Bookmobile plan will be extended to include junior high and high school ages, he added. Commander Toy pointed out that the Bookmobile is-still accepting contributions of suitable children’s books. Naval personnel may leave books at the Naval Station library while a civilian "depot” will be announced later. TWO PLEAD GUILTY IN CRIMINAL COURT Two persons pleaded guilty to day in Criminal Court before Judge Thomas S. Caro. Mrs. George R. Koch, charged with operating a hotel without a license, was fined court costs or 30 days in jail. The $250 bond of Charles Chick- I ering, charged with carrying a concealed weapon, was forfeited. LIFE UNDERWRITERS INSTALLATION SET Winston Wynne, immediate past president of the Florida State As j sociation of Life Underwriters, j will install the new officers of the i Key West Life Underwriters this : evening. The installation will take place at a dinner meeting which will be j held at the La Concha Hotel at i 7:30. Jaycees Hear Of Requests For “Florida Guide” Cy Knoop, state publications chairman, told the JayCees at their regular Wednesday night meeting that 350,000 people from other states had requested the JayCee’s “Florida Guide” in t*e last few months. Key West is publicized to a large degree in the publication and in the next issue, the city will have a larger advertisement which will be more noticeable and therefore more enticing to the general public in visiting Key West. Another special guest was the former district vice president, John Buckley, who praised the local club for their outstanding work in civic affairs during the last year and voiced his opinion that it would be an even more successful new year. * The movie, "Whistling Wings” was acclaimed by all. With vacation time coming up here, the JayCees are oiling their guns and fishing gear in prepara tion for their well deserved holi day. Oppenheimer May Appeal Dismissal To Eisenhower PRINCETON, N. J. (*>-Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer said yester day "I don’t dismiss” the possibil ity of appealing to President Ei senhower the Atomic Energy Com mission’s decision barring him ac cess to secret atomic data. The atomic pioneer said he was surprised by the President’s state ment that he would be listened to if he decided to appeal, and added that the idea "never occurred to me.” In a telephone interview, Oppen heimer said his present plans are to continue research in fundament al physics although it will be "a nuisance” not having clearance to piany laboratories. There are many private institu tions, Oppenheimer said, at which experiments are being conducted for the government and where he is "not welcome” any longer. The AEC declared that Oppen heimer, once one of its most trust ed advisers, is unfit to handle America’s atomic secrets because of “defects of character . . . and dangerous associations.” Its ma jority report said the question of his loyalty was not at issue. Two Are Injured In D€ 6 Mishap NEW YORK Mb—The nose wheel of a National Airlines DC6 plane collapsed during a landing at Idle wild Airport today dropping the big plane’s nose to the ground and tilting its tail high. Two of the 48 passengers were injured slightly. A small fire developed in the nose wheel housing. It was put out quickly by the plane’s engineer, while the captain and other crew members assisted passengers out through emergency exits. The plane had left Tampa, Fla., at 10:45 p.m. last night and made a stop at Jacksonville just after midnight. It arrived here early this morning. Capt. Ralph Farish of Jackson ville said the passengers remained “quite cool.” The two passengers said to have received slight injuries refused medical air. They were listed as Lucian F. Thomas, 43, of Fort Myers, Fla., and Lucille Serville, 29, of Jacksonville. LARCENY TRIAL (Continued from Page One) ing out that he once had a law ; partner who once lived in Key ; West. His talk might well have been w ritten for the Key West Art and Historical Society since he traced the history of Key West from the days when it was an Indian burial ground to the point where Henry Flagler laid the foun dation for the Overseas Highway. Looks Liko Dowoy The argument advanced by Mr. Marsh, who had a striking resem blance to New York’s Tom Dew ey, only set the stage for Dress ler’s inspired oratory. The audience perked up some i what when soft-spoken Judge I Thomas S. Caro took the prosecu tion to task for being indefinite and vague. His statement only bore out the opinion of most observers that it was a pretty w’eak case. Everybody apparently felt the same way, for on Duval Street i yesterday, you couldn't even get a bet on the outcome. Defense Attorney William V. Al bury summed up what seemed to be the general opinion of most ; Key Westers the whole Overseas Highway scandal “was a lot of hullabaloo about nothing.” ’ The campaign is over,” he’com i mented. TODAY’S STOCK MARKET NEW YORK (J)The stock market was mostly lower in early trading today. Turnover slowed abruptly after a moderately active opening. On the offside were the aircrafts, motors, chemicals, rails, oils and coppers. Rubbers showed some firmness. Mail orders were mixed. Some brokers had predicted an uneasy market today because of uncertainty over the fate of tax relief on dividends. In addition, some continuation of yesterday’s profit-taking in the market leaders was looked for. Fractionally lower were U.S. Steel, Chrysler, General Motors, Boeing, American Telephone, Al lied Chemical,- DuPont, American Tobacco Baltimore Sc Ohio, Stan dard Oil (New Jersey) and Johns- Manville. Gains were posted by United Fruit, Celanese, Vanadium, Sears and American Can. CHIEFTAINS DIFFER (Continued from Page One) will find a formula. At least that is my desire.” Later the conferees dined to gether at Loma Linda, palatial home of Rafael Meza Ayau, Sal vadorean economics minister and a beer baron. After dinner they reconvened at Osorio’s presidential mansion. Shortly after midnight Ek Salva dor’s presidential press officer saijl Castillo Armas and Monzon had gotten down to terms which prom ised to lead to a definite settlement. As the parley continued, word came out of the conference that, terms of the settlement would be broadcast by the Guatemalan gov ernment and rebel radios. El Salvador offered its good of fices to settle the Guatemalan con flict after a cease-fire Tuesday end ed the shooting—in theory at least. Mediator Sought Osorio said the junta government had asked him to mediate, but that the United States was taking no part in the talks since it had not asked to mediate. However, U. S. Ambassador Michael Mc- Dermott met the two Guatemalan leaders when they arrived in their separate planes at the airport here yesterday. During last night’s conference the papal nuncio to Guatemala, Msgr. Gennaro Verolino stood by outside the closed chamber. The Pope’s representative said he had been asked by Monzon to "do what I can and help if asked.” U. S. and Salvadorean officials expressed hope the talks would lead to an anti-Red coalition of Castillo Armas and Monzon which would wipe out the Communists who became entrenched in the Caribbean land dux-ing the regime of ousted President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. Leaders Arrive Monzon, clad in a neat business suit, arrived in a plane piloted by Col. Vernon E. Martin of San Fran cisco, air attache to the U. S. Em bassy at Guatemala. Castillo Armas, still wearing his field kh&ki, arrived in a plane piloted by Col. Rodolfo Mendoza, whose brother Miguel is chief of the rebel air force. Mendoza said the rebel air force —four P47s and two C 47 trans ports—had been grounded in ob servance of the armistice. He pre dicted the hardest job would be to get the strife-wracked country back on a normal basis. He disclosed that Zacapa, key Guatemalan rail junction between the capital and the major Carib bean port of Puerto Barrios, sur rendered to the insurgents Tues day night. Nw Violence Meanwhile, new violence was re ported from Guatemala. Govern ment troops were rushed to Es cuintla, Communist stronghold 30 miles south of Guatemala City, where Red chieftain Carlos Man uel Pellecer was reported plotting a peasant uprising. Red-indoctrinated farm workers were also reported sparking up risings at Concepcion, near Esc- [ cuintla, and nearby Pinula, where a police chief w’as stoned to death , Tuesday. The Reds were reported telling the peasants that the new regime would take away the lands which Arbenz had distributed among them. Guatemala’s police chief, Col. Ruben Gonzales Segui, said Pelle cer could probably foment strife for a long time by inciting guer rilla warfare in Guatemala’s hilly forests. Gonzales said the rebel air force might be put back into action against the guerrillas. Refuge Sought \ Pellecer took refuge in the Ar gentine Embassy after Arbenz’s downfall. Later he was ousted along with former secret police chief Jaime Rosenberg and other former leaders because embassy officials feared their presence would provoke violence from anti communist crowds outside. Pellecer then fled to Escuintla and the reports of uprisings began coming in. From Antigua, however, came word that anti-Communists had besieged the Reds there and were trying to hang their leaders. A top Guatemalan official said i he expected the roundup of Rosen- WALKOUT MAY (Continued from Page One) ing’s marathon meeting, Dunne said negotiations broke down over the issue of wages and what he termed a desire by Western Elec tric to establish new operations bases which would entail transfers of workers. Wage Dispute However, G. F. Raymond, WE’s personnel director, said that wages 0 appeared to be the prime stumbl ing block in the dispute. Negotiations have been in prog ress since April 6. Dunne said all arrangements for picketing were to be made by A. T. Jones, a CWA vice president and national strike director, and would come from the union's headquar ters in Washington, D. C. The union has charged that pre vious company offers were condi tioned on what it termed "weak ening clauses” in previous senior ity, travel pay and holiday con tract provisions. Agreement Sought The settlement was taking time, however. At 3:30 a.m. the negoia ors announced they had agreed to extend the cease-fire on the fight ing until 9 a.m. today, an indica tion that they hoped for final agree ment by then but had not yet achieved it. Raymond said the company had offered "better” holidays treat ment, including the granting of Dec. 24 as an additional paid holi day. Should the telephone operators across the country observe fhe in stallers’ picket lines, long-distance service would suffer greatly. Dial phones, however, could continue to operate within dial areas until the equipment broke down. MAINTENANCE IS (Continued From Page One) local housing authority' merely acts as rental agent for the fed eral government and that he acts on instructions from the Atlanta office of that agency. Further in structions are expected today. berg and other former police offi cials within hours. Guatemala City was jubilant after the cease-fire. For the first time in weeks radio stations played American jazz. More than 100 members of the former government, including Ar benz himself, were reported refu gees in the Mexican Embassy. | W climbing poles or ! |||i digging holes.. .to give you | Hi good electric service jj'f j/ ll To be sure you have good electric service, night and day, ■//[ jf II we must stay at work on two fronts. ml Kill I First > keeping electricity on the lines, in all kinds of ml! I wea *ker. That’s where our line crews come in ... the Ml ill men who c^m b the poles, rain or shine. ml ill II ‘ The second job, constantly expanding this power system, mill/II to k e sure there’s always enough electricity for you. 1 11 111 l That’s when we dig holes ... set new power poles .. . Ijf jJj / 1 string big wire ... put shiny new power lines into service. ill To do our job right, we must work hard on both these 111 I'll fronts—to maintain our present lines; and to expand the 111 If system by building new Knes or rebuilding existing lines. If llnil this with one purpose: to be sur you have electric- I I/II * ty wh ere you want it, when you want it! ! Iff City Electric System ELECTRICITY' TOD AY'S > BIGGEST BARGAIN COTHRON AND (Continued from Page One) ment of overtime was a general practice. The not guilty verdict that clear ed Bateman and Cothron also wrote finis to The Big Expose. The Miami Daily News is gen erally credited with firing the op ening gun in The Big Expose. The Miami Herald recognizing what that paper apparently thought was a good thing at the time, wasn't long in jumping on the band wagon. Bafor* Th* Primary This, remember, was before the first primary election. May 4. On April 28, the grand larceny information was filed against Bate man and Cothron. The Miami papers whooped it up while Marsh and McEwen were busy digging into the affairs of the toll district. Marsh was interveiwing witness es. mostly at Pigeon Key. McEwen was working with Mon roe County’s grand jury. The Miami papers sent special writers here. The two papers hit the toll dis trict hard. All this, remember, was before the May 4 election. That election seems to have been important in The Big Expose. After the election, The Big Ex pose dropped off sharply. S7O Addd To Chargo It perked up again on May 7 when the grand jury indicted Bateman for the theft of S7O in toll district funds. Bateman, at that time was al- Stewing Hens .... lb. 39c Dressed and Drawn Local Eggs doz. 39c Medium Size FRESH SEAFOOD DAILY Florida Poultry, Egg & Fish Cos. 819 Simonton St. TeL 2-6385 Cobo’s Vacation Is Cut Short City Commissioner Dolio Co bo has cyt short his vacation to roturn to Kay Wast and htlp administer the affairs of tho city. Dr. Cobo who was in Atlanta whoro his wife is ill, said that ho road in Tho Citizen (his brother-in-law is a subscriber) that tho city commission has btan having trouble gotting o quorum. ”1 decided to cut my vaca tion short and coma back to Kay West," said Cobo. Ho will bo on tap tonight when tho city commission moots. ready charged in an information with aiding and abetting Cothron in the theft of more than $49,000 in district funds. But the grand jury returned the S7O indictment. The Big Expose simmered along after that with only an occasional story hitting the papers. Then came the Bateman-Coth ron trial and interest zoomed again. Special writers came from Miami to cover the trial. Today, the court house w-as back to normal. The special writers and the special investigators had gone home. The Big Expose was ended. Ho hum.