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THE KEY WEST CITIZEN The Key West Citizen Published daily (except Sunday) from The Citizen Building, corner of Greene and Ann Streets. Only Daily Newspaper in Key Wort and Monroe County L P. ARTMAN, Editor and Publiaher ioei . hu NORMAN D. ARTMAN Entered at Key Wert, Florida, as Second Class Matter TELEPHONES 2-5441 and 2^442 Member ef The Associated Press—The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to use for reproduction of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also the local news pub lished here. Member Associate Dailies of Florida • Subscription (by carrier), 25c per week; year ; $12.00; by mail, $15.60 ADVERTISING RATES MXDE KNOWN ON APPLICATION The Citizen is an open forum and invites discussion of public issues and subjects of iocal or general interest, but it will not publish anonymous communications. IMPROVEMENTS FOR KEY WEST ADVOCATED BY THE CITIZEN 1. More Hotels and Apartments. 2. Beach and Bathing Pavilion. S. Airports—Land and Sea. 4. Consolidation of County and City Governments. 5. Community Auditorium. INDUSTRY’S OPPORTUNITY William J. Meinel, president of the Heinz Manufac turing: Company in Philadelphia, recently reminded a group of business men American industry and U. S. man agement had talked for many years about what would be done if the free enterprise system was ever again per mitted to return. That competitive market situation is now at hand, he said. Meinel puts the challenge of these times squarely up to American industry. With an expanding population, a high national income and a market awaiting further de velopment, U. S. business today has a great opportunity to make the progress it has long talked about. If the con sensus of business opinion is one of pessimism, which in cludes the imminence of an inevitable depression, then little progress will be made. On the other hand, if business takes the bull by the boras, unrestricted as it now is, and manages to turn out . better goods at lower cost, through improved methods of production, then the U. S. market for goods will be in creased, production will move forward and business will generally make progress. Not only Americans, but observers in every country In the world, are watching the U. S. economy carefully these days. An economic bust will give both Communists and Socialists powerful opposition in their argument for more and more controls over the economy. U. S. industry and business is, therefore, on the spot —to produce results. If the competitive free enterprise system is to continue popular, it must achieve beneficial results. SUNBURN CAN BE FATAL The death of a twenty-four-year-old man from sun burn is reported from another state and the tragedy should serve to warn all persons, and especially fair-skin ned people, that it can be dangerous to expose one’s self unduly to the rays of the sun. It is not always the brightness of the sun that causes fatal burns. On slightly overcast days, the solar rays can filter through and be as powerful as the bright sun light. We do not know too mucn about the rays of the sun other than they are extremely powerful. Some patients are exposed to the rays of the sun treatment, especially tuberculosis victims, but it is safe to assume that if bene ficial results can be secured, there is the possibility of harmful effects. We do not go into the question of pigmentation, which explains why some people are easily sunburned and others are not. It is well for everybody to be temper ate in exposure until well-tanned. Crossword Puzzle 26. Coming back 80. Tally 82. Circle 11. Down: prefix 26. Ardor 26. Country 27. Edge of a garment 88. Color It.Kotcoaree 48. Donate 41. Old Domin ion atate: abbr. 42. Comfort 41. Integrity • 44. Tract of swampy land 47. Two-wheeled carriage 48. Raise 49. Sufficient: poet. 60. Dutch commune ACROSS L Advertise amts 4. lndaSnft* •mount . Venture lßWagur 12. Triumphed 16. Scene <tf combat 17. Skin: nflx 18. Geometrical ratio 19. Fodder pit 20. Metal 11. Fortune 21. First woman W. Allows 24. Tolerable 26. Symbol lor selenium 26. Pipe 27. Under* ground worker t 12 li tesaa* is iA ri VimA "14 to l/J ir~ ptp aP \ —— \— Tuesday, July 4, 1954 Solution of Yesterday’s Puzzle DOWN 1. Bumbles 2. Obtain 2. Ancient Greek milepost 4. Mineral spring 6. Alternative 6. Sea eonth of Europe 7. Makes uniform 8. Not bright 9. Indian mulberry 10. Rest 11. Literary supervisor 14. Part of a curve 16. Not any 20. Oriental bovine animal 21. Lengthy 23. Fruit jar rubber 24. Warble 26. Sea bird 27. Obey 28. Highway 29. Baseball team 30. Tray for dishes 31. Adhere closely 33, Destitute 34. Come into view 36. Kind of thread 37. Depend 39. Exhaust 40. Leave 42. Sin 43. Chop 45. Babylonian deity 46. Perform ALLIED LEADERS ARE RESIGNED TO LOSING MUCH OF INDOCHINA Editor's Noto—How close is the free world to losing out in South east Asia? Did Eisenhower and Churchill really settle British-American dis putes? What are the United States and Britain really trying to do about Indochina? A week of frantic diplomacy in Washington produced more sparks than light, more words than in formation. In the following story, AP diplomatic reporter John M. Hightower looks behind the scenes of the White House meeting and its official statements to report what was really accomplished and what may be expected to happen. By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER AP Diplomatic Raportar WASHINGTON UP) - Top Allied leaders are resigned to losing a great block of Indochina to the Communists. The shooting war was around Hanoi and peace negotiations be tween French-led forces and the Communists have gone beyond the point where the United States can influence them decisively. The issue of Red Chinese bids for recognition and for United Na tions membership is expected to press hard upon the heels of any Indochina settlement. With Moscow needling, this is sue promises to make grave trou ble among the United States, Brit ain and France in the fall. Other forces, too, are working to pull the Western Allies apart de spite the emphasis placed here last week on what Sir Winston Churchill called an “unbreakable solidarity." It is over a week now since Churchill flew into Washington by his own request to talk, alongside Foreign Secretary Eden, with President Eisenhower and Secre tary of State Dulles. It was an intensive week in other ways. Talks on the South east Asian crisis have been held by Dulles with Australia’s Foreign Minister Richard Casey, New Zea land’s Ambassador Leslie Munro and Thailand’s foreign minister, Prince Wan Waithayakon. The sit uation has been touched upon in official British - American state ments, in a Churchill talk and in an Eisenhower press conference. The conclusions stated above have been drawn from an analysis of all these developments, and from many talks with knowledge able diplomatic sources. The ability of the free world to meet the Communist threat inside Indochina appears not to have been materially increased. Dulles’ efforts to get going at once on a collective defense for Southeast Asia remain frustrated and frozen —although some thought is now being given to trying to change this situation. There is among officials of the Eisenhower administration an ob vious feeling that general relations with Britain are for the moment a little better, but do not show very much improvement in basic ways. There has been no evidence of any gleeful shouting on the part of any of the people who have par ticipated in the extraordinary diplo matic activity. The situation may best be seen in the light of two or three recent incidents. On March 29 the Amer ican government, through a speech by Dulles, issued an emergency call for “united action” to halt Communist expansion in Southeast Asia. Privately, officials were talk ing in terms of intervention in the Indochina war. France and Britain were cool. In mid-April Dulles flew to Lon don and Paris. On his return home, he thought he had agreement to have a conference and begin draw ing up a 10-nation Southeast Asian pact. . A bitter controversy with Eden arose when the Britlfeh blocked his plans for a meeting a few days in advance of the Gen eva conference. Britain wanted no part of such a move before Gen eva. She promised to explore it when peace negotiations were ended. Since that time U. S. policy has been stymied. For various reasons it proved impossible to set up an alliance without Britain. A few weeks ago it appeared that Geneva would fail to get peace. But then a French government upheaval and certain Communist maneuvers caused the British, French and others to take more hope. Mean while, Churchill had sent word he wanted to come to Washington. Also, five Asian countries—lndo nesia, India, Pakistan, Burma and. Ceylon—met at Colombo and dis cussed the twin problems, as they see them, of Western colonialism and international communism. They tended to split between the Western and Communist sides. Just before coming to Washing ton, Eden suggested a nonaggres sion system which would involve Western countries and Red China in guarantees to secure the safety of Indochina. This was an obvious bid by Britain for the support of India and if possible, Indonesia— countries the British knew would never join in a Southeast Asian anti-Communist pact. Another development parallel with the Churchill talks here was the visit of Red China’s premier and foreign minister, Chou En-lai, to Pandit Nehru on his way home from Geneva. In all these matters initiative seemed to rest with the French in trying to get an Indochina peace, with the British in trying to find anew approach to the Asian problem, and with Red China in trying to woo Nehru out of his chosen neutralism into a friendli er attitude toward Peiping. Some of the nations most friendly to the United States in the South west Pacific-Southeast Asia area are distressed by the way things have gone. The recently re-elected Australian government has hard ened its position on Southeast Asia and now is urging action much fas ter than is Britain. New Zealand seems to have taken the same po sition. At a meeting last Wednes day, representatives of Australia, New Zealand and the United States expressed “satisfaction” appar ently a carefully selected word with the Churchill -Eisenhower agreement that plans for a collec tive Asian defense should be pressed forward. But among them selves they agreed upon, and an nounced, a “need for immediate action.” Diplomats say the Philip pines and Thailand feel the same way about it Secretary Dulles, has before him a plan to go ahead quickly and create some kind of a coalition by common understanding or agree ment among nations willing to co operate —and to do so with or without Britain Eden has taken the position it will require a long time to work out a treaty. Even when Indo chinese peace negotiations have taken a decisive turn, perhaps within the next 18 days, American authorities are not sure how en thusiastically the British will act on a security system. For that matter some of the best informed and most astute U.S. au thorities are not sure how quickly this country can move either. Watching parts of Indochina “go down the drain,” as the saying is, the government clearly has been of two minds. Some authorities like Dulles (at least last March) and Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chair man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, felt the United States had to inter vene to save Indochina. There were others who talked strongly and publicly about the possible need for intervention, among them Sen ate Republican Leader Knowland and Vice President Nixon. Still others such as Secretary of De fense Wilson made clear that no money nor authority was being asked of Congress for such action and Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey virtually ruled it out with statements about keeping taxes at nonemergency levels. It is always difficult for a na tion with divided councils at home abroad. French diplomats pointed this out privately. So did the British and others. There were forces in Britain pressing toward separate action on her part. The United States itself took the posi tion that Indochina was a French problem and the French would have to solve it as best they could. It is difficult to say when the chances of American intervention dropped off virtually to zero. ! It probably was shortly after the fall of the fortress of Dien Bien 11 became apparent then that the French could not continue in definitely to fight the war with the combat help of only native forces while policy makers of the Allied ; world haggled over the conditions and circumstances under which one or another nation might join in and give help. Fishing in such muddy and trou bled waters as those which cover the whole disastrous Indochina sit uation, American officials at the moment are able to define the best and worst they hope for. At best they believe that the French - Communist negotiations may produce a settlement which keep most of Indochina free. They enyiswn such a settlement as partitioning Viet Nam, between the Reds in the North and the na il* n fommunist government in and leavin Laos and Cambodia whole and free to run their own affairs. At the worst —and there is > possibility this is the way it go the Reds would take over a large area of Viet Nam andg* political agreements covering the rsmSL 0131 l tate and 01 Laos and Cambodia which would pave the way for successful Red infiltration and seizure of power later on. That way all of Indochina would go down the drain. There is a chance, of course, that the peace negotiations will col lapse. Eisenhower and Churchill 1 agreed to prepare for collective This Rock MH| Of Ours jp By Bill Gibb liHwl The furor being created by published reports concerning can cer and cigarette smoking is in teresting. So far, I haven’t en countered any person who didn’t consider smoking harmful. Nor have I found any smoker willing to give up the habit because of these harmful effects. Human na ture is a funny thing. Prohibitionists are seeking to curtail liquor advertising. Every crook, gangster, hoodlum, and petty bootlegger will go out of his way to help this effort be cause if successful, it means that once more the market can be flooded with cheap ‘rotgut.’ Cur tailment of advertising isn’t go ing to stop drinking but it most assuredly will create ignorance amongst drinkers as to what kind of liquor is the least harmful to their systems. Since it seems that everyone must have a pet peeve, “This Rock of Ours’’ is going to come out with a campaign against can dy manufacturers who package their products in the form of im itation cigarettes. I wonder what the prohibition ists would say if ’soda-pop’ com panies started bottling their cola drinks, etc., in bottles patterned after liquor decanters? Such a practice would be somewhat sim ilar to what the candy companies are doing. Human* Society The Humane Society informs me that this column is wrong when it speaks of “stray dogs” in Key West. Seems that a stray dog is one without an owner and that this sort of animal is a rarity in our town. Technically, I guess the Society is right. In the future, the column will refrain from using the term. We will just speak of “neglected” defense whether the war goes on or not. But in fact, the strong hope is now based, as one official put it, on a conviction that the Commu nists “simply can’t be so stupid” as to throw away the opportunity to make an extremely favorable settlement in Indochina with the new Pierre Mendes-France govern ment at Paris. If the war does go on, then the whole question of intervention will again become a live issue. But there is no evidenae that the Ei senhower administration would again crank up the strong enthusi asm shown by some of its leaders two to three months ago fov inter vention. A peace failure now might stif fen the French policy; it might also Fesult in a kind of collapse. But the. Communists do risk a dif ferent kind of war if they present demands so tough that even Mendes-France can’t tolerate them. Despite the winding trail followed by U. S. diplomacy over the past 12 weeks, the threat of American intervention does stand in the background. There it may have some influence on Red estim ates of what they ought to do. But it is only a background threat, and is neither sharp enough nor flex ible enough to be used as a means of decisively influencing the kind of settlement which might be agreed upon. One reason the United States is not now able to exercise a more decisive influence is that there seems to be no agreement either inside the U. S. government or outside it among allies as to where any Indochina dividing line can be drawn and therefore what commit ments can be promised. There is some apprehension here that as part of any deal the Reds will demand and may well get French recognition for Communist China. Some authorities at least regard this as a probability. Coup led with existing British recognition and with British efforts to improve relations with Red China, French acceptance of the Peiping regime would strengthen Red China’s bid far membership in the United Na tions in place of Nationalist China. The United States recognizes the Nationalists and its policy in that respect is rock-hard. The whole issue may well develop fast enough for a showdown in the U.N. meetings in the fall. The Red China problem is one of the most disruptive in British- American relations. It has caused more political attacks on Britain here, and more on the United States in Britain, than probably any other question. Furthermore, the passage of time seems not to mellow but to freeze the opposing policies. In Congress now there is talk of pull ing the United States out of the U. N. if Red China goes in. That would split this country apart from its allied to an extreme degree. There is, finally, a deeper dif ference between the United States and Britain—or between Churchill and Eisenhower—which was dram atically exposed in the statements made by the President and Prime Minister to newsmen last week, even though their joint statements dogs and thoughtless, selfish owners. Mind you, I like animals. Per haps that is why I get so pro voked when a selfish dog-owner over-rides human decency and re spectability by “walking” his dog in the park or on the beach. Bayview Park is used as a picnic area. An area where chil dren can be put down on the grass and allowed to play around. The same thing holds true for the beach. Which comes first—dogs or children? Is it fair to allow a dog owner who doesn’t want his own yard “messed up" to use public playgrounds for this purpose? I’m not criticizing the Humane Society. Those people are doing their best! It seems to me that the worst enemy an animal can have is an owner who is selfish enough to forget the rights of other people. Lin* Must Be Drawn A line has to be drawn some where to distinguish the rights of humans and the rights of animals. There are dog-owners who permit their animals to wander in the streets, barking at pedestrians and chasing cars. Hurt one of these dogs and you’re considered a monster. But what if the dog hurts you? That’s just an unfortunate incident! I was walking a police beat one morning about 2 o’clock when a dog came rushing from a house, snarling and with teeth bared. Its owner shouted, “Don’t move or it will bite you.” I had my gun out by that time but fortunately for the dog, I couldn’t make up my mind whether to shoot it or the man who had turned such a dangerous beast out to wander the streets in the middle of the night. Animals are fine. If you wish to be kind to them, treat them as animals and don’t let them in fringe on the rights of humans. emphasized harmony and glossed over contradictions of view. Churchill built his rambling re marks to a press luncheon—and so to the American people—on the theme that peaceful co-existence with Russia is possible. He said it would be given “a real good try” because the alternative is a devastating war from which the Allies would emerge “victorious on a heap of ruins.” The same question about the pos sibility of co-existence was ad dressed to Eisenhower at a news conference two days later. He said he too hoped for peaceful co-exist ence but then declared be would never be party to any treaty that “makes anybody a slave” and wanted nothing to do with any ap peasement of the Communists. Many who heard both men gain the impression that though both would like nothing better than as surance of peaceful co-existence with Russia, Churchill has some faith that it is a practical possibil ity and Eisenhower has little or no such faith. The public statements did not develop it, but Churchill as the leader of a nation living on a tight little vulnerable island, has another feeling that the President does not seem to share, at least to the same That is a pressing compulsion to go to almost any lengths to find some way of making terms with the Communists because of the dreadful alternative of an increas ing danger of conflict. The British point of view is not that of the United States and Rus sia. whose apprehensions about de struction are quite often obscured by muscle-flexing in the form of new jet bomber flights and atomic weapons claims. England is no longer a champion in a world of two giants. It is desperately seeking a way to pre vent the giants from coming to blows. For many months now this effort has tended to pull it away from the United States. Salute Damages Winning Yacht BOSTON tf)—When Francis Le blanc's yacht Glee won a race in the South Boston Yacht Club’s hol iday regatta yesterday, the judges’ boat fired a small cannon in sal ute—and the wad encasing the powder charge went right through the Glee’s sail. Leblanc said the wad missed him and his two-man crew by inches and “scared the life out of us. We’ll probably have to buy a new sail.” He said the mishan occurred be cause the cannon had been pointed across the finish line instead of away from it. LONGEVITY RECIPE SACRAMENTO. Calif. UH - Asa dor Bagdazian of Freeport cele brated his 101st birthday yesterday and had this advice on how to live long: “Don’t worry about things. It doesn't do any good.” Citizen Want Ads Pay Offl NAS Auto Hobby Shop Improves The Auto Hobby Shop of the Naval Air Station Key West, it now better than ever. New equip ment recently added inc’udes a steam cleaner, facilities and todb for body and fender work, a spark plug cleaning machine and maiy small hand and power tools. The new equipment makes it possible for a man to perform nearly all motor overhaul jobat Car washing equipment, hoists and greasing equipment are all avail able as well as complete painting facilities. About five cars per week are painted at the shop. The Auto Hobby Shop was put into operation less than four weekf ago by the Special Services De partment of the Naval Air Station. At that time the ahop had limited facilities. The tools recently add ed were purchased from the pro*’ fits of the Navy Exchange and the shop is now one of the best-equip ed auto hobby shops on Naval In stallations. The use of the equipment is fre# but parts used are paid for by the owner. The Auto Hobby Shop Is open six days a week between S p.m. and 10 p.m. On Saturday, Sunday and Holidays the hour* of operation are from 9 p.m. to 5 p.m. Key West In Days Gone By TEN YEARS AGO July 4, 1944 For the first time In more than a year, the Overseas Road and Toll Bridge District showed a gain in all departments in June, accord ing to figures issued today bv Auditor Clifford G. Hicks. New hopes were aroused last night that a city-county financed beach project may yet be achiev ed when J. Frank Roberts, chair man of the Board of County Com missioners, succeeded in having its Key West Housing Authority checks totaling $937.14 earmarked* for that purpose. Another chegh for 51,145 was for the school board. In a story-book climax to the most spectacular diamond classic seen at the Naval Operations Base in years, the Coast Guard, on Fourth of July, defeated the Island Servicemen’s League All-Star ball club, 3-2, when Lieut, (jg) Irving Sumbie lashed out a sensational home run in the last inning to provide the victorious margin. Frank Bentley has been named clerk by the Board of Public Works to succeed the late Harold Pinder, who had held that position for many years. TWENTY YEARS AGO July 4, 1934 B. M. Duncan, who has accepted the position of administrator for the FERA in Key West, is expected to return here by Monday and take up the duties of his position. John C. Park was installed as Noble Grand of Equity Lodge No. 70. 1.0.0.F., at a meeting held last night at the hall on Caroline Street. More than three out of five peo ple are in favor of the New Deal, as shown by the final returns of The Literary Digest's nation-wida poll on Roosevelt’s acts and poli cies the tabulation of which will be published on tomorrow’s issue of the magazine. A force of workmen started this morning on the city hall project to complete the repairs and reno vation work started several months ago under the plans of the FERA. Photog Misses Big Opportunity TULSA, Okla. 'JV—The Tulsa World didn’t get a picture of a Fourth of July traffic jam yes terday—it got a picture of a plane crash instead. The World said it sent commer cial photographer Howard Hopkins aloft to get a picture of a traffic jam. The plane ran out of gas and it crash-landed at the intersec tion of U.S. 66 and State* High way 33. Hopkins and the pilot both walked away from the crash un hurt. The big traffic jam the pho tographer had been looking for all day formed around the crashed plane. But Hopkins found, to his hor ror, he had used his last film tak ing pictures of the crash.