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The Key West Citizen
Published daily (except Sunday) from The Citizen Building, corner of
Greene and Ann Streets.
Only Daily Newspaper in Key Wort and Monroe County
L P. ARTMAN, Editor and Publiaher ioei . hu
Entered at Key Wert, Florida, as Second Class Matter
TELEPHONES 2-5441 and 2^442
Member ef The Associated Press—The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to use for reproduction of all news dispatches credited to it
or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also the local news pub
lished here.
Member Associate Dailies of Florida •
Subscription (by carrier), 25c per week; year ; $12.00; by mail, $15.60
The Citizen is an open forum and invites discussion of public issues
and subjects of iocal or general interest, but it will not publish
anonymous communications.
1. More Hotels and Apartments.
2. Beach and Bathing Pavilion.
S. Airports—Land and Sea.
4. Consolidation of County and City Governments.
5. Community Auditorium.
William J. Meinel, president of the Heinz Manufac
turing: Company in Philadelphia, recently reminded a
group of business men American industry and U. S. man
agement had talked for many years about what would
be done if the free enterprise system was ever again per
mitted to return. That competitive market situation is
now at hand, he said.
Meinel puts the challenge of these times squarely
up to American industry. With an expanding population,
a high national income and a market awaiting further de
velopment, U. S. business today has a great opportunity
to make the progress it has long talked about. If the con
sensus of business opinion is one of pessimism, which in
cludes the imminence of an inevitable depression, then
little progress will be made.
On the other hand, if business takes the bull by the
boras, unrestricted as it now is, and manages to turn out
. better goods at lower cost, through improved methods of
production, then the U. S. market for goods will be in
creased, production will move forward and business will
generally make progress.
Not only Americans, but observers in every country
In the world, are watching the U. S. economy carefully
these days. An economic bust will give both Communists
and Socialists powerful opposition in their argument for
more and more controls over the economy.
U. S. industry and business is, therefore, on the spot
—to produce results. If the competitive free enterprise
system is to continue popular, it must achieve beneficial
The death of a twenty-four-year-old man from sun
burn is reported from another state and the tragedy
should serve to warn all persons, and especially fair-skin
ned people, that it can be dangerous to expose one’s self
unduly to the rays of the sun.
It is not always the brightness of the sun that causes
fatal burns. On slightly overcast days, the solar rays
can filter through and be as powerful as the bright sun
We do not know too mucn about the rays of the sun
other than they are extremely powerful. Some patients
are exposed to the rays of the sun treatment, especially
tuberculosis victims, but it is safe to assume that if bene
ficial results can be secured, there is the possibility of
harmful effects.
We do not go into the question of pigmentation,
which explains why some people are easily sunburned
and others are not. It is well for everybody to be temper
ate in exposure until well-tanned.
Crossword Puzzle
26. Coming
80. Tally
82. Circle
11. Down:
26. Ardor
26. Country
27. Edge of a
88. Color
48. Donate
41. Old Domin
ion atate:
42. Comfort
41. Integrity •
44. Tract of
swampy land
47. Two-wheeled
48. Raise
49. Sufficient:
60. Dutch
L Advertise
4. lndaSnft*
. Venture
12. Triumphed
16. Scene <tf
17. Skin: nflx
18. Geometrical
19. Fodder pit
20. Metal
11. Fortune
21. First woman
W. Allows
24. Tolerable
26. Symbol lor
26. Pipe
27. Under*
t 12 li tesaa* is iA ri VimA "14 to l/J
ir~ ptp aP \ —— \—
Tuesday, July 4, 1954
Solution of Yesterday’s Puzzle
1. Bumbles
2. Obtain
2. Ancient
4. Mineral
6. Alternative
6. Sea eonth
of Europe
7. Makes
8. Not bright
9. Indian
10. Rest
11. Literary
14. Part of a
16. Not any
20. Oriental
bovine animal
21. Lengthy
23. Fruit jar
24. Warble
26. Sea bird
27. Obey
28. Highway
29. Baseball
30. Tray for
31. Adhere
33, Destitute
34. Come into
36. Kind of
37. Depend
39. Exhaust
40. Leave
42. Sin
43. Chop
45. Babylonian
46. Perform
Editor's Noto—How close is the
free world to losing out in South
east Asia?
Did Eisenhower and Churchill
really settle British-American dis
What are the United States and
Britain really trying to do about
A week of frantic diplomacy in
Washington produced more sparks
than light, more words than in
formation. In the following story,
AP diplomatic reporter John M.
Hightower looks behind the scenes
of the White House meeting and
its official statements to report
what was really accomplished and
what may be expected to happen.
AP Diplomatic Raportar
leaders are resigned to losing a
great block of Indochina to the
The shooting war was around
Hanoi and peace negotiations be
tween French-led forces and the
Communists have gone beyond the
point where the United States can
influence them decisively.
The issue of Red Chinese bids
for recognition and for United Na
tions membership is expected to
press hard upon the heels of any
Indochina settlement.
With Moscow needling, this is
sue promises to make grave trou
ble among the United States, Brit
ain and France in the fall.
Other forces, too, are working to
pull the Western Allies apart de
spite the emphasis placed here
last week on what Sir Winston
Churchill called an “unbreakable
It is over a week now since
Churchill flew into Washington by
his own request to talk, alongside
Foreign Secretary Eden, with
President Eisenhower and Secre
tary of State Dulles.
It was an intensive week
in other ways. Talks on the South
east Asian crisis have been held
by Dulles with Australia’s Foreign
Minister Richard Casey, New Zea
land’s Ambassador Leslie Munro
and Thailand’s foreign minister,
Prince Wan Waithayakon. The sit
uation has been touched upon in
official British - American state
ments, in a Churchill talk and in
an Eisenhower press conference.
The conclusions stated above
have been drawn from an analysis
of all these developments, and
from many talks with knowledge
able diplomatic sources.
The ability of the free world to
meet the Communist threat inside
Indochina appears not to have
been materially increased. Dulles’
efforts to get going at once on
a collective defense for Southeast
Asia remain frustrated and frozen
—although some thought is now
being given to trying to change this
There is among officials of the
Eisenhower administration an ob
vious feeling that general relations
with Britain are for the moment
a little better, but do not show
very much improvement in basic
ways. There has been no evidence
of any gleeful shouting on the part
of any of the people who have par
ticipated in the extraordinary diplo
matic activity.
The situation may best be seen
in the light of two or three recent
incidents. On March 29 the Amer
ican government, through a speech
by Dulles, issued an emergency
call for “united action” to halt
Communist expansion in Southeast
Asia. Privately, officials were talk
ing in terms of intervention in the
Indochina war.
France and Britain were cool.
In mid-April Dulles flew to Lon
don and Paris. On his return home,
he thought he had agreement to
have a conference and begin draw
ing up a 10-nation Southeast Asian
pact. . A bitter controversy with
Eden arose when the Britlfeh
blocked his plans for a meeting
a few days in advance of the Gen
eva conference. Britain wanted no
part of such a move before Gen
eva. She promised to explore it
when peace negotiations were
Since that time U. S. policy has
been stymied. For various reasons
it proved impossible to set up an
alliance without Britain. A few
weeks ago it appeared that Geneva
would fail to get peace. But then
a French government upheaval and
certain Communist maneuvers
caused the British, French and
others to take more hope. Mean
while, Churchill had sent word he
wanted to come to Washington.
Also, five Asian countries—lndo
nesia, India, Pakistan, Burma and.
Ceylon—met at Colombo and dis
cussed the twin problems, as they
see them, of Western colonialism
and international communism.
They tended to split between the
Western and Communist sides.
Just before coming to Washing
ton, Eden suggested a nonaggres
sion system which would involve
Western countries and Red China
in guarantees to secure the safety
of Indochina. This was an obvious
bid by Britain for the support of
India and if possible, Indonesia—
countries the British knew would
never join in a Southeast Asian
anti-Communist pact.
Another development parallel
with the Churchill talks here was
the visit of Red China’s premier
and foreign minister, Chou En-lai,
to Pandit Nehru on his way home
from Geneva.
In all these matters initiative
seemed to rest with the French
in trying to get an Indochina
peace, with the British in trying to
find anew approach to the Asian
problem, and with Red China in
trying to woo Nehru out of his
chosen neutralism into a friendli
er attitude toward Peiping.
Some of the nations most friendly
to the United States in the South
west Pacific-Southeast Asia area
are distressed by the way things
have gone. The recently re-elected
Australian government has hard
ened its position on Southeast Asia
and now is urging action much fas
ter than is Britain. New Zealand
seems to have taken the same po
sition. At a meeting last Wednes
day, representatives of Australia,
New Zealand and the United States
expressed “satisfaction” appar
ently a carefully selected word
with the Churchill -Eisenhower
agreement that plans for a collec
tive Asian defense should be
pressed forward. But among them
selves they agreed upon, and an
nounced, a “need for immediate
action.” Diplomats say the Philip
pines and Thailand feel the same
way about it
Secretary Dulles, has before him
a plan to go ahead quickly and
create some kind of a coalition by
common understanding or agree
ment among nations willing to co
operate —and to do so with or
without Britain
Eden has taken the position it
will require a long time to work
out a treaty. Even when Indo
chinese peace negotiations have
taken a decisive turn, perhaps
within the next 18 days, American
authorities are not sure how en
thusiastically the British will act
on a security system.
For that matter some of the best
informed and most astute U.S. au
thorities are not sure how quickly
this country can move either.
Watching parts of Indochina “go
down the drain,” as the saying is,
the government clearly has been
of two minds. Some authorities like
Dulles (at least last March) and
Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chair
man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
felt the United States had to inter
vene to save Indochina. There were
others who talked strongly and
publicly about the possible need
for intervention, among them Sen
ate Republican Leader Knowland
and Vice President Nixon. Still
others such as Secretary of De
fense Wilson made clear that no
money nor authority was being
asked of Congress for such action
and Secretary of the Treasury
Humphrey virtually ruled it out
with statements about keeping
taxes at nonemergency levels.
It is always difficult for a na
tion with divided councils at home
abroad. French diplomats pointed
this out privately. So did the
British and others. There were
forces in Britain pressing toward
separate action on her part. The
United States itself took the posi
tion that Indochina was a French
problem and the French would
have to solve it as best they could.
It is difficult to say when the
chances of American intervention
dropped off virtually to zero.
! It probably was shortly after the
fall of the fortress of Dien Bien
11 became apparent then that
the French could not continue in
definitely to fight the war with the
combat help of only native forces
while policy makers of the Allied
; world haggled over the conditions
and circumstances under which
one or another nation might join
in and give help.
Fishing in such muddy and trou
bled waters as those which cover
the whole disastrous Indochina sit
uation, American officials at the
moment are able to define the best
and worst they hope for.
At best they believe that the
French - Communist negotiations
may produce a settlement which
keep most of Indochina free.
They enyiswn such a settlement
as partitioning Viet Nam, between
the Reds in the North and the na
il* n fommunist government in
and leavin Laos and
Cambodia whole and free to run
their own affairs.
At the worst —and there is >
possibility this is the way it
go the Reds would take over a
large area of Viet Nam andg*
political agreements covering the
rsmSL 0131 l tate and 01 Laos and
Cambodia which would pave the
way for successful Red infiltration
and seizure of power later on. That
way all of Indochina would go
down the drain.
There is a chance, of course, that
the peace negotiations will col
lapse. Eisenhower and Churchill
1 agreed to prepare for collective
This Rock MH|
Of Ours jp
By Bill Gibb liHwl
The furor being created by
published reports concerning can
cer and cigarette smoking is in
teresting. So far, I haven’t en
countered any person who didn’t
consider smoking harmful. Nor
have I found any smoker willing
to give up the habit because of
these harmful effects. Human na
ture is a funny thing.
Prohibitionists are seeking to
curtail liquor advertising. Every
crook, gangster, hoodlum, and
petty bootlegger will go out of
his way to help this effort be
cause if successful, it means that
once more the market can be
flooded with cheap ‘rotgut.’ Cur
tailment of advertising isn’t go
ing to stop drinking but it most
assuredly will create ignorance
amongst drinkers as to what kind
of liquor is the least harmful to
their systems.
Since it seems that everyone
must have a pet peeve, “This
Rock of Ours’’ is going to come
out with a campaign against can
dy manufacturers who package
their products in the form of im
itation cigarettes.
I wonder what the prohibition
ists would say if ’soda-pop’ com
panies started bottling their cola
drinks, etc., in bottles patterned
after liquor decanters? Such a
practice would be somewhat sim
ilar to what the candy companies
are doing.
Human* Society
The Humane Society informs
me that this column is wrong
when it speaks of “stray dogs” in
Key West. Seems that a stray
dog is one without an owner and
that this sort of animal is a rarity
in our town. Technically, I guess
the Society is right.
In the future, the column will
refrain from using the term. We
will just speak of “neglected”
defense whether the war goes on
or not.
But in fact, the strong hope is
now based, as one official put it,
on a conviction that the Commu
nists “simply can’t be so stupid”
as to throw away the opportunity
to make an extremely favorable
settlement in Indochina with the
new Pierre Mendes-France govern
ment at Paris.
If the war does go on, then the
whole question of intervention will
again become a live issue. But
there is no evidenae that the Ei
senhower administration would
again crank up the strong enthusi
asm shown by some of its leaders
two to three months ago fov inter
A peace failure now might stif
fen the French policy; it might
also Fesult in a kind of collapse.
But the. Communists do risk a dif
ferent kind of war if they present
demands so tough that even
Mendes-France can’t tolerate
them. Despite the winding trail
followed by U. S. diplomacy over
the past 12 weeks, the threat of
American intervention does stand
in the background. There it may
have some influence on Red estim
ates of what they ought to do. But
it is only a background threat, and
is neither sharp enough nor flex
ible enough to be used as a means
of decisively influencing the kind
of settlement which might be
agreed upon.
One reason the United States is
not now able to exercise a more
decisive influence is that there
seems to be no agreement either
inside the U. S. government or
outside it among allies as to where
any Indochina dividing line can be
drawn and therefore what commit
ments can be promised.
There is some apprehension here
that as part of any deal the Reds
will demand and may well get
French recognition for Communist
China. Some authorities at least
regard this as a probability. Coup
led with existing British recognition
and with British efforts to improve
relations with Red China, French
acceptance of the Peiping regime
would strengthen Red China’s bid
far membership in the United Na
tions in place of Nationalist China.
The United States recognizes the
Nationalists and its policy in that
respect is rock-hard. The whole
issue may well develop fast
enough for a showdown in the U.N.
meetings in the fall.
The Red China problem is one
of the most disruptive in British-
American relations. It has caused
more political attacks on Britain
here, and more on the United
States in Britain, than probably
any other question.
Furthermore, the passage of
time seems not to mellow but to
freeze the opposing policies. In
Congress now there is talk of pull
ing the United States out of the
U. N. if Red China goes in. That
would split this country apart from
its allied to an extreme degree.
There is, finally, a deeper dif
ference between the United States
and Britain—or between Churchill
and Eisenhower—which was dram
atically exposed in the statements
made by the President and Prime
Minister to newsmen last week,
even though their joint statements
dogs and thoughtless, selfish
Mind you, I like animals. Per
haps that is why I get so pro
voked when a selfish dog-owner
over-rides human decency and re
spectability by “walking” his dog
in the park or on the beach.
Bayview Park is used as a
picnic area. An area where chil
dren can be put down on the grass
and allowed to play around. The
same thing holds true for the
beach. Which comes first—dogs or
children? Is it fair to allow a dog
owner who doesn’t want his own
yard “messed up" to use public
playgrounds for this purpose?
I’m not criticizing the Humane
Society. Those people are doing
their best! It seems to me that
the worst enemy an animal can
have is an owner who is selfish
enough to forget the rights of
other people.
Lin* Must Be Drawn
A line has to be drawn some
where to distinguish the rights of
humans and the rights of animals.
There are dog-owners who permit
their animals to wander in the
streets, barking at pedestrians
and chasing cars. Hurt one of these
dogs and you’re considered a
monster. But what if the dog hurts
you? That’s just an unfortunate
I was walking a police beat one
morning about 2 o’clock when a
dog came rushing from a house,
snarling and with teeth bared. Its
owner shouted, “Don’t move or it
will bite you.” I had my gun out
by that time but fortunately for
the dog, I couldn’t make up my
mind whether to shoot it or the
man who had turned such a
dangerous beast out to wander the
streets in the middle of the night.
Animals are fine. If you wish to
be kind to them, treat them as
animals and don’t let them in
fringe on the rights of humans.
emphasized harmony and glossed
over contradictions of view.
Churchill built his rambling re
marks to a press luncheon—and so
to the American people—on the
theme that peaceful co-existence
with Russia is possible. He said
it would be given “a real good
try” because the alternative is a
devastating war from which the
Allies would emerge “victorious on
a heap of ruins.”
The same question about the pos
sibility of co-existence was ad
dressed to Eisenhower at a news
conference two days later. He said
he too hoped for peaceful co-exist
ence but then declared be would
never be party to any treaty that
“makes anybody a slave” and
wanted nothing to do with any ap
peasement of the Communists.
Many who heard both men gain
the impression that though both
would like nothing better than as
surance of peaceful co-existence
with Russia, Churchill has some
faith that it is a practical possibil
ity and Eisenhower has little or
no such faith.
The public statements did not
develop it, but Churchill as the
leader of a nation living on a tight
little vulnerable island, has another
feeling that the President does not
seem to share, at least to the same
That is a pressing compulsion to
go to almost any lengths to find
some way of making terms with
the Communists because of the
dreadful alternative of an increas
ing danger of conflict.
The British point of view is not
that of the United States and Rus
sia. whose apprehensions about de
struction are quite often obscured
by muscle-flexing in the form of
new jet bomber flights and atomic
weapons claims.
England is no longer a champion
in a world of two giants. It is
desperately seeking a way to pre
vent the giants from coming to
blows. For many months now this
effort has tended to pull it away
from the United States.
Salute Damages
Winning Yacht
BOSTON tf)—When Francis Le
blanc's yacht Glee won a race in
the South Boston Yacht Club’s hol
iday regatta yesterday, the judges’
boat fired a small cannon in sal
ute—and the wad encasing the
powder charge went right through
the Glee’s sail.
Leblanc said the wad missed
him and his two-man crew by
inches and “scared the life out of
us. We’ll probably have to buy a
new sail.”
He said the mishan occurred be
cause the cannon had been pointed
across the finish line instead of
away from it.
dor Bagdazian of Freeport cele
brated his 101st birthday yesterday
and had this advice on how to
live long: “Don’t worry about
things. It doesn't do any good.”
Citizen Want Ads Pay Offl
NAS Auto
Hobby Shop
The Auto Hobby Shop of the
Naval Air Station Key West, it
now better than ever. New equip
ment recently added inc’udes a
steam cleaner, facilities and todb
for body and fender work, a spark
plug cleaning machine and maiy
small hand and power tools.
The new equipment makes it
possible for a man to perform
nearly all motor overhaul jobat
Car washing equipment, hoists and
greasing equipment are all avail
able as well as complete painting
facilities. About five cars per
week are painted at the shop.
The Auto Hobby Shop was put
into operation less than four weekf
ago by the Special Services De
partment of the Naval Air Station.
At that time the ahop had limited
facilities. The tools recently add
ed were purchased from the pro*’
fits of the Navy Exchange and the
shop is now one of the best-equip
ed auto hobby shops on Naval In
The use of the equipment is fre#
but parts used are paid for by the
owner. The Auto Hobby Shop Is
open six days a week between S
p.m. and 10 p.m. On Saturday,
Sunday and Holidays the hour* of
operation are from 9 p.m. to 5 p.m.
Key West
In Days Gone By
July 4, 1944
For the first time In more than
a year, the Overseas Road and
Toll Bridge District showed a gain
in all departments in June, accord
ing to figures issued today bv
Auditor Clifford G. Hicks.
New hopes were aroused last
night that a city-county financed
beach project may yet be achiev
ed when J. Frank Roberts, chair
man of the Board of County Com
missioners, succeeded in having
its Key West Housing Authority
checks totaling $937.14 earmarked*
for that purpose. Another chegh
for 51,145 was for the school board.
In a story-book climax to the
most spectacular diamond classic
seen at the Naval Operations Base
in years, the Coast Guard, on
Fourth of July, defeated the Island
Servicemen’s League All-Star ball
club, 3-2, when Lieut, (jg) Irving
Sumbie lashed out a sensational
home run in the last inning to
provide the victorious margin.
Frank Bentley has been named
clerk by the Board of Public Works
to succeed the late Harold Pinder,
who had held that position for
many years.
July 4, 1934
B. M. Duncan, who has accepted
the position of administrator for
the FERA in Key West, is expected
to return here by Monday and take
up the duties of his position.
John C. Park was installed as
Noble Grand of Equity Lodge No.
70. 1.0.0.F., at a meeting held
last night at the hall on Caroline
More than three out of five peo
ple are in favor of the New Deal,
as shown by the final returns of
The Literary Digest's nation-wida
poll on Roosevelt’s acts and poli
cies the tabulation of which will
be published on tomorrow’s issue
of the magazine.
A force of workmen started this
morning on the city hall project
to complete the repairs and reno
vation work started several
months ago under the plans of
the FERA.
Photog Misses
Big Opportunity
TULSA, Okla. 'JV—The Tulsa
World didn’t get a picture of a
Fourth of July traffic jam yes
terday—it got a picture of a plane
crash instead.
The World said it sent commer
cial photographer Howard Hopkins
aloft to get a picture of a traffic
jam. The plane ran out of gas
and it crash-landed at the intersec
tion of U.S. 66 and State* High
way 33.
Hopkins and the pilot both
walked away from the crash un
hurt. The big traffic jam the pho
tographer had been looking for all
day formed around the crashed
But Hopkins found, to his hor
ror, he had used his last film tak
ing pictures of the crash.

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