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UJS. Will Lodge Strong Protest Against Imprisonment Of 13
Americans Held Since The Korean War By Communist. Chinese By DONALD SANDERS WASHINGTON tfL-The United State* announced last night it will lodge “the strongest possible pro* test” against Chinese Communist prison sentences given to 13 Amer icans who dropped out of sight during the Korean War. “Utterly false/* the department ■aid of spying charges which Pei ping gave as the basis for prison terms ranging from four years to life. “The U.S. government will con tinue to make every effort to effect the release of these men who have been unjustly ‘sentenced’ to further periods of imprisonment,” the de partment said. The sentences by a Red Chinese military court, announced by the Peiping radio yesterday, were la beled by the State Department as ‘‘further proof of the Chinese Com munist regime’s disregard for ac cepted practices of international conduct.” In a separate statement, the De fense Department said the action “illustrates again the bad faith, insincerity and amorality which have characterized” Red China’s conduct of its international rela tions. It said, “The Chinese Commu nists. . .are holding the American servicemen as political prisoners in violation of international law, the rules of war and the Korean armistice agreement.” The State Department said the U.S: consul general at Geneva, Franklin C. Gowen, “is being in structed to emphatically protest, the continued wrongful detention of these American citizens.” Gene va is the United States’ only of ficial contact with Red China, which it does not recognize. Judged on the basis of past ex perience with Peiping, it appeared problematical what would come of the protest. Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont) termed the Red action “outrageous” and urged an investigation by the United Nations. Sen. Welker (R- Idaho) proposed that this country use “force.” Sen. George (D-Ga) said if such incidents continue the United States might have to take “drastic action.” Eleven of the men involved were crew members of a U.S. 829 shot down Jan. 12, 1953. The United States announced Aug. 19 that 15 American airmen missing in the Korean War were known to be alive. It contended they were being held by the Reds as political pris oners. The government said these 15 were among a total of 526 Ameri cans missing * and demanded a Peiping accounting and their re turn, dfead or alive. The downed 829 had been com manded by Col. John Know Arnold Jr., of Silver Spring, Md., said by Peiping to have drawn a sentence •f 10 years. His second in com mand, Maj. William H. Baumer, Lewisburg, Pa., drew eight years. Peining said three members of the B29’s crew died when it crashed, and that the nine other members were given sentences ranging from four to six years. Even heavier sentences were an nounced for two young New Eng landers the Red Chinese said were captured Nov. 29, 1952, while drop ping supplies to “American espio nage agents in northeast China.” Washington said they were lost be tween South Korea and Japan, and that it does not know how they fell into Red hands. The State Department said the announcement of the prison terms for these two, John Thomas Dow ney, 27, and Richard George Fec teau, 27, was “the first word we have had that they are being held by the Chinese Communists.” The government said Downey and Fecteau were civilian employ es of the Army, and it accused the Chinese Reds of deliberately con cealing information about them during the Geneva conference, at which the fate of Americans held in China was discussed. Downey, from New Britain, Conn., is a cousin of singer Morton Dotfney. He drew a life sentence. Fecteau, a former Boston Univer SPEND THANKSGIVING at... The Key Wester Pool Side Special Cabana Rates lor the Day COMPLETE THANKSGIVING DINNER from $2.50 Dining Room Open 12 Noon Until 8:30 P.M . Advance Reservations Suggested CABANA RATES ON REQUEST CALL MANAGER, 2-M7l THE KEY WESTER “South Roosevelt BlmL On The Atlantic Ocean" sity football player from Lynn, Mass., drew 20 years. Peiping’s version was that these two were “special agents of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency,” but the Defense Department said: “They were authorized passen gers on a routine flight from Seoul to Japan in a plane which was under military contract to the Far East Air Force. The search in stituted at the time faded to pro duce any trace of the plane, and Downey and Fecteau were pre sumed to have been lost. As for the 829 and her crew, Peiping said the plane was shot down “after intruding into China's territorial air space” over Man chura, across the Yalu River boundary between North Korea and China. It said Baumer, the second in command, “on many occasions had carried out air re connaissance of China’s national defense installations.” The Defense Department said the 829 Was on a “routine flight near the Yalu River” when shot down, and it added that the “Com munists’ charge that these men are ‘political prisoners’ is palpably false.” The Peiping broadcast said nine Chinese-termed “former officers of the Chiang Kaishek gang”— were sentenced as American spies in the same case. It said four were condemned to die, four were given life terms and one 15 years. Details of the trial were lacking, but the announcement said the Americans bad Chinese defense counsel. The State Department noted that the 11 airmen had already been held in Red custody for nearly two years, and said the Communists continued to detain them despite terms of the Korean truce pro viding for exchange of war pris oners. Sen. Mansfield urged that “this whole matter of the imprisonment of these Americans on false charges be placed before the United Nations immediately and that the United Nations be asked to appoint an investigating body at its earliest convenience.” Sen. George, without elaborating, said in a separate interview, “I don’t know what we can do about it now, but if these incidents con tinue we may have to take drastic action in the future.” Welker said that if the Peiping radio version is correct “we should act with the only thing the Com munists fear—namely, force.” “I am sick and tired of this changing back and forth of our foreign policy,” he said. “One day I hear of massive retaliation. The next day I hear of coexistence. I think the American people throughout tbetland will stand up and be heard...” In Ottawa, meanwhile, it was announced that RCAF Squadron Leader A. R. (Andy) MaCKtemie, 34, will be released by the Chinese; at Hong Kong Dec. 5 after two< years as a prisoner of * TODAY’S STOCK MARKET NEW YORK UTi stock market swept ahead today in early dealings, continuing its dimb into new high ground. Buying demand was strong at the start, and the tape* had diffi culty in keeping step with dealings. Sqnray Oil, yesterday’s most ac tive issue up 1%, opened today on 8,000 shares up % at 21%. Standard Oil (NJ), second most active yesterday up 3Va, started to day on 6,000 shares up 1% at 105. Among other blocks were General Motors 4,000 sharps up Vi at 93, Pan American World Airways 3,000 up % at 17%, and International Nickel 5,800 up 2% at 58%.- Pepsi Cola was active and up a major fraction on a dividend in crease, and Lockheed was ahead, sfter announcing its new jet air liner plans. Among other gainers were U.S. Steel, Chrysler, Goodrich, United Aircraft, Radio Corp., Dow Chemi cal, and 20th Century-Fox. Wednesday, November 24, 1954 Movie Company Left Lots Of Money In Circulation Here The last remnants of the Paramount movie company left Key West this morning. Behind they left a good many well-wishing Key West ers who look forward to the release of the movie, “The Rose Tattoo,” local residents who followed with interest the filming of Tennessee Williams' book, as it was being produced in several locations about the city. In addition Paramount left be hind a good bit of folding money which is currently in circulation. The Key West Chamber of Com merce released some figures to day, which were made available by Richard A. Blaydon, production manager of the company, just be fore he left this morning. $95,000 Spent The total sum of money paid to local firms and individuals while Paramount was on location here amounted to $95,000. Of the 105 people brought to the city with the company, it is esti mated that during the three weeks they were here, the additional mon ey they spent individually shot the total expenditure well over SIOO,OOO. Including extras who worked in movie scenes and additional labor hired by the company, a total of 800 differenct persons were on the Paramount payroll. Chamber Aid Chamber of Commerce manager Harold R. Laubscher said the Chamber worked closely with the movie company during the eqtire stay here. In a number of instances he said it was possible for the Chamber'to locate properties, and pieces of necessary equipment on a purchase or rental basis that normally would have been ordered out of Miami. In only a few cases, Labuscher said, was it necessary for the pic ture people to order supplies and equipment from out of the city. Value To City The Chamber enthusiastically pointed out the economic value of a motion picture which is made in any community. Assuming that the average tourists spends 10 to 15 dollars a day for room, meals, entertainment and a few purchases, it is easy to see that money-wise, Paramount’s visit here was equi valent to approximately 8,000 visi tors, for a one day period. Tennessee Williams’, author of “The Rose Tattoo.” was largely responsible for enlisting the inter est of Paramount officials in film- March the Chamber has been in correspondence with Hal Wallis Productions and Paramount Stu dios to help sell the idea of using Key West as a locale for the film ing of the picture. Charles Must Wait For T-O-Y Mystery Solution ATLANTA, IF)—The mystery of the missing T-O-Y-S will puzzle 4 - year - old Charles Azar until Christmas morning but police have already solved the case. Charles called headquarters yes terday to report the disappearance of a large box from his home shortly after it was delivered by a downtown department store. “Send police please,” the little boy begged Sgt. Charles Blackwell. The officer was puzzled and asked the caller to repeat the request. “You come nere.” the small voice insisted. Blackwell then asked thp caller how old he was. “You wait and I’ll ask Mama,” the small voice said. Mrs. George Azar came on the line and explained her son was worried about the disappearance of a large box. He dialed the op erator when no one was looking and asked for police headquarters. She said the package contained— and then she stopped to spell out the, word—T-O-Y-S. “We carried the T-O-Y-S to his A-U-N-T’S House,” she said. Woman Indicted In Embezzlement TAMPA UP)— A federal grand jury has indicted a woman teller at a Cocoa bank for embezzling $2,845 from her mother and half brother. The indictment charged Mrs. El izabeth Hardister Yacono with tak ing $1,300 from the account of Mrs. Leona Hamel at the Barnett National Bank of Cocoa and with taking $1,545 from the account of George E. Hanley. Frank J. Muscarella. assistant U.S. district attorney, said Mrs. Yacano is accused of taking the money by signing checks for sums ranging from $25 to $250 over a period of almost a year. Citizen Ads Pay! THE KEY WEST CITIZEN Owen May Be Beverage Head TALLAHASSEE m George Owen, assistant attorney general in charge of anti-bookie law en forcement, may become state bev erage director when Gov.-Elect Leßoy Collins takes office in Jan uary. Published reports that Owen was in line for appointment by- Collin* were described as “good specula tion” yesterday by Joe G rote gut, a Collins’ aide. Owen declined comment, saying it would be improper for him to discuss the matter, but he indi cated he would be receptive to an offer of the post. A former University of Florida football lineman, Owen has head ed Atty. Gen. Richard Ervin’s racket busting division since pass age of the anti-bookie law in 1949, The present director is A. E. McKinney, an appointee of Acting Gov. Johns. The speculative makeup of Col lins’ “little cabinet” now is about complete. Capital forecasts are: Wilbur Jones, Miami tax and financial consultant, chairman of the Road Department; Tom Man uel, Fort Lauderdale, McCarty appointed road board member aus pended by Johns, Turnpike Auth ority chairmanship; j. Saxton Lloyd, Daytona Beach, also under Suspension as a road board mem ber, Racing Commissioiv chair man; Richard Edgerton, Mt. Dora, hotel commissioner; and James T. Vocelle, a McCarty-appointee who survived the Johns purge, will remain as Industrial Commission Chairman. Familiar Jail Inmate Draws Deferred Term Paul Durham, 33, well known county jail inmate, was given a deferred sentence today by Crim inal Court Judge Thomas S. Caro provided Durham continue his good behavior. . Durham was charged with fail ing to register as a convicted felon. He said he was working*' on a shrimp boat Durham has been in the county jail during the past year on a bum check rap and for speeding in a stolen car. The owner of the atolen car re fused to press the auto theft charge and Durham was not tried on that count. He also escaped from the county jail when he waa a trusty but was captured in Miami the following day. Jap Fishing Boat Survivors Can’t Identify Attacker NAGASAKI, Japan (J)—Survivor* of two Japanese fishing boats sunk in the East China Sea Monday said tonight it was too dark to make out the nationality of the at tackers. Iwao Takashima, captain of the Yamada Maru No. 32, told repor ters, “We, saw the ship dimly, but could not determine whether it was a steel vessel or a wooden ship. We had. of course, no idea nationality it was.” Nakamura, skipper of the Japanese coast guard boat which brought the 20 survivors to Naga saki, said, “Maybe Chinese Nation alist vessels were involved.” He quoted the survivors as saying, however, that they could not iden tify the aggressor. Takashima, wounded in both legs, said he had not been told to stay away from the waters east of the Tachen Islands, scene of Chi nese Communist - Nationalist clashes. MARKETS CLOSED NEW YORK, (fl—Financial and commodity markets throughout the United States will be closed Thanks giving Day, Thursday, Nov. 25. All markets will resume business as usual Friday N0v.26. The Weatherman Says: Key West and Vicnity: Clear to partly cloudy and entinued cool through Thursday. Lowest tonight near 64; highest Thursday about 77. Gentle to moderate west to north west winds tonight and Thursday. ,Florida: Fair in the north and clear to partly cloudy elsewhere through Thursday. Lowest tonight ranging from 35 -40 in the extreme north to 50 - 55 in the southern portion. Jacksonviile through the Florida Straits and the East Gulf of Mexi co: Moderate westerly winds be coming northwest tonight * and Thursday. Clear to partly cloudy weather. Western Caribbean: Moderate north to northeast winds through Thursday. Partly cloudy skies with widely scattered showers. obt i r TS! 0 “* ak ** 11 office Building, 7:00 AJi, EST, Key West, Fla., Nov. 24, 1954 Temperatures ‘ Highest yesterday gj Lowest last night .... <u Mean ..* * „ Normal 74 Precipitation Total last 24 hours '... .04 ins. Total this month 20.94 ins. Excess this month -f 19.40 ins. Total this year ............ 56.04 ins! Excess this year +IB.BO ins. Relative Humidity, 7 JLM. 75% Barometer (Ben Level), 7 AJI. 30.02 in 5.—1016.9 mbs. Tomorrow's Almanac Sunrise 6rsi a.m. Sunset j;37 p. m . Moonrise :S7 a.m. Moonset 5:45 p.m. Moon Phase New TOMORROW'S TIDES (Naval Base) Time ef Height ef Station— Tide high water High Tides Low Tides 10:25 a.m. 1:39 a.m. 9:21 p.m. 2:48 p.m. ADDITIONAL TIDI DATA Reference Stetien: Key West Baliie Hand* (bridge) ——eh 18m 9.1 H. (••*♦ end) ~.+2h 29m Bece Chica Sandy Pt. —eh 48m Ne Name Key Celdee Channel (nerth end) +2h 18m +1.4 ft. C—)—Mines sign: Cerrectient te he subtracted. (+)—Plus sign: Cerreetien* te he added. Page 7 Temperatures AT 7:30 A.M., EST Atlanta 46 Billings 24 Birmingham 46 Bismark so Boston .. ... 38 Buffalo 40 Charleston 42 Chicago 35 Corpus Christi 49 Denver 27 Detroit 38 El Paso 46 Ft Worth 47 Galveston 57 Jacksonville 45 Kansas Ctty _ 42 KIY WIST M Key West Airport 49 Lcs Angeles 53 Louisville .. 40 Meridian 43 Miami 59 Minneapolis 36 Memphis 46 New Orleans 48 New York 45 Norfolk ...;.. 43 Oklahoma City 43 Omaha 35 Pensacola ... 53 Pittsburgh 37 Roanoke 40 St. Louis 43 San Antonio 57 San Francisco .... 48 Seatfle 40 Tallahassee 37 Tampa 53 Washington 40 TOP PRICE PAID FOR STRAWBERRIES PLANT CITY (IV—The Turkey Creek Baptist Church is richer by $230 today from an auction sale of the season's first pint of strawberries brought to this berry center. The produce firm of Wishnatz ki A Nathel was the top bidder for the *berries, grown by J. C. Wynn of the Turkey Creek com munity. The first pint last year, sold Dec. 2. brought only $lB5. STOCK ISLAND GAS DEALER WINS PRIZE Richard H. Phelps, proprietor of a Stock Island‘service station was the winner in a sales contest spon sored by the Sinclair Refining Cos. .Saturday. He was presented with a prize by Larry Dion, local Sinelar dis tributor. Inter-American Conference Will Thresh Ont Numerous Proposals About Future Progress By REGINALD L. WOOD QUITANDINHA, Brasil <*—Dele gates to the Inter-American Eco nomic Conference prepared today to thresh out a score of proposals aimed at Latin-American develop ment. Most of them would involve greater U.S. aid to southern neigh bors. In lengthy speeches yesterday outlining their needs, delegates agreed they should get more help but they had not decided how to talk Uncle Sam into it Mary And Her Lamb Linked To Thanksgiving SPRINGFIELD, Ohio UR lt’s generally known that Abraham Lincoln proclaimed the annual Thanksgiving Day observance back in 1863. Likewise, the words and verses to “Mary Had a Little Lamb” are pretty familiar to most Americans. But how many know that much of the credit for the obser vance of Thanksgiving is due to the same woman who wrote the famous nursery rhyme? Well, it is, according to a Witten berg College professor who be lieves Sara Josephs Hale, author of “Mary,” was the one who spurred President Lincoln into making the holiday proclamation. Dr. Paul F. Bloomhardt, head of the department of biography at Wittenberg, spoke on the history of Thanksgiving today at a school assembly. Observance of the holiday had been sporadic and localized until Lincoln's term. It wasn’t until Mrs. Hale proposed in 1861 “to have the day of our annual Thanksgiv ing made a national and fixed Union festival” that the event waa proclaimed a national holiday, ac cording to Dr. Bloomhardt. Yellow Fin Tuna Found In Gulf . PASCAGOULA, Miss., iri—Five yellow fin tuna have been taken from the Florida Straits between Florida and Cuba by Japeneae long line method, indicating a larger fishing area and a longer season than was previously be lieved. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife ser vice exploratory vessel Oregon, which returned yesterday from a four-week cruise, had landed 35,000 pounds of the commercial fish on four previous cruises in the GuJf of Mexico but they were caught during warmer weather and fur ther north. AME Zion Church Holds Its 64th Conference Here The South Florida Conference of the AME Zion Church today was holding its 64th annual conference at the Cornish Memorial Church, of which Dr. A. F. Hooper is pastor. Bishop Herbert Bell Shaw, pre siding bishop of the Ninth Epis copal District, is iq charge. He is assisted by Bishop J. W. Martin of the Second Episcopal District. Mrs. Ardella Shaw, supervisor of the missionary workers, is conduct ing this phase of the work. She is assisted by Mrs. Ola M. Shaw, sup ervisor of the Second Episcopal District. The conference opened last night with an inspirational worship ser vice. The annual sermon was bv the Rev. W. L. Sander, pastor of the Zion Temple, AME Zion Church, Gainesville. Holy Communion was adminis tered by the bishop and the pre siding elders. 22 Sonarmen In Fri. Class Twenty-two sonarmen were gra duated from the Fleet Sonar School last Friday, the Navy announced today. Top man in the class was Dale W. Zentz, who scored 3.58 for the six-month course. Runner up was Richard B. Weaver who scored 1- 56. The sonar school also announced today that two members of its staff made chief petty officer Eugene R. Lord advanced to chief metal smith *and Wade McCall to chief sonarman. Feast For Gls SEOUL If) American soldiers in Korea will feast Thanksgiving Day thus: Shrimp cocktail, roast young turkey, dressing, giblet gravy, cranberry sauce, snowflake pota toes, buttered whole kernel corn, tender- green peas, cole slaw, stuffed celery, olives, fresh carrot sticks mixed pickles, apples, oranges, fruit cake, pumpkin pie hot rolls, butter, coffee tea as sorted candies and.mixed nuts. One of the more concrete pro grams yesterday was outlined by Jorge Prat, Chilean treasury min ister. It called for creation of an inter-American fund, drawing its capital from resources Latin- American nations have cached in foreign banks, bonds and credits. A survey among the 250 dele gates and advisers at the confer ence indicated that while many consider the Chilean proposal in teresting, some agree with the U.S. contention that the resources of the “Ella Collins” Will Be Back In Service The Citizen story mourning the passing of the “Ella CoHia*,” Key West’s oldest sponge boat was a bit premature, it seems. The “Ella Collins” is far from the end of her service. That information was relayed to The Citizen today by Irving Jones, 128 Front St, who announced that he has purchased the venerable craft and is presently giving it e general overhaul and will have her back in service in two weeks. Lent Service Waterfront frequenters had mourned the passing of the 26-foot craft which had long been in con tinuous service for more than SO years. Her owner, Nelson Spencer, 306 Peacon Lane, had announced that he had abandoned the boat after it had developed a leak while he was in a Miami hospital. But Jones spotted it aground on a sands pit in the Northwest Chan nel and made an offer to buy it. His proposal was accepted and lo cal fishermen who have developed a deep affection for the trim ves sel are happy today. Jones, who has “fished for every thing in the sea” says he will use the boat for mackerel and snapper fishing. SEN. NEBLETT TAKES (Continued from Pege One) 14 years in the Navy. He retired Dec. 1, 1947. During World War 11, be was commander of the NaVal air faci lity at Fortaleza, Brazil, for a year. He also was officer in charge of the Navy’s aviation cadets, Bureau of Personnel, Washington, D. C. During World War H, he also served as assistant chief of staff of the advanced training command at the Naval Air Staton, Jackson ville. The Key W eat Citinen /• A FAMILY Netttpeper RE-OPENING *f * ' 1 Thanksgiving Day LOGUNS LOBSTER HOUSE Dine In Tropical Splendor In the Most Southerly Restaurant On the Keys FOR YOUR DINING PLEASURE, A Completely new Stainless Steel kitchen has been installed where the Finest Foods will be Prepared to Delight the Epicure. As Always ... Those Who Want The Best Go To Logun’s! OUR KITCHEN IS OPEN FOR INSPECTION DAY AND NIGHT . _ Entertainment In Our COCKTAIL LOUNGE Every Nite To The Exciting Music of the 3 KINGS AND AN ACE Hector Barroso's Mad Sax .. Harriet King, Lady of Song... Felix At The Piano ... Allie Hus—Bass Free Parking Simonton—On the Ocean international finance corporation proposed recently by the World Bank governors, together with funds available from the Export adequate to meet their needs. Another Chilean proposal for organization of a commodity commission to provide a buffer between Latin-American producers and U.S. consumers. The commis sion would negotiate the sale el surpluses. It # ia generally believed the United States win oppose this idea because it wants a free hand to deal directly with indvklua! no tions. Jaime Debot Velasco, Ecuador’a economy minister, outlined a 18- point program which drew the at tention of many delegates. To speed Latin-American develop ment, he said his nation wanted* 1. Just prices which would have a "reasonable relationship” with prices of manufactured goods. 2. Priority for investments la Latin America. 2. Elimination of double taxa tion. 4. Continued regular investment* permitting Latin-American expan sion. 5. Elimination of restrictions oti* loans. 6. Intern atonal finance organi zations willing to expand credit* to private industries. 7. Technical and economic a* sistance. ... •*) 8. Wider regional trade within Latin America. 8. Establishment of industrial structures to shore up the weak ened economies of the nations. 10. Creation of a Latin-American payments union to settle trad* debts between the South and Cen tral American nations. , These 10 points covered moot of the specific proposals made by other nations. The Latin Americans generally cheered anew Washington plan— the “policy of the good partner" outlined by U.S. Secretary George Humphrey. Assuring the other nations ef U.S. sympathy toward their needs, Humphrey said President Eisen hower's administration agreed “that substantial foreign lending will be necessary if we are, .to achieve our goals in this hemi sphere. “We shall do our part gener ously and loyaUy in meeting (hat need,” he promised. The U.S. program included a proposed extension of Export-Im port Bank operations and partici pation of the bank in a multimil lion dollar export financing com* pany to provde additional credit Humphrey said President Eisen hower also would ask Congress to approve U.S. participation in tfco proposed international finance cor poration and to act on proposals regarding taxation of foreign earned income.