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NEWSY \ f. I RELIABLF ««»"« PROGRESSIVE I • I UNBIASED VOL. XVI. NO. 2. peventeen Workers fßeplaced Under New Hotel Code WEBSTER HALL PUTS I WHITES ON PAYROLL Salaries Go Up And Hours Cut Under Hotel Code iDther Workers Are Discharged On Code I Seventeen employees of the Web ■ter Hall Hotel, Second and Put liani avenues, were discharged and ■cplaced by whites when the new illutel code went into effect. I The employees were dismissed Without warning Friday, The new Mode went into effect Monday. B Included in the list of discharged Nkuployees were six hell boys, six 'jflevator girls, four porters and om One of the hell hoys had (pen employed at the hotel since Its erection eight years ago. The hell boys were called in Thursday and given a "raking over” by James A. Kane, white, manager of the hotel for the past yssr and a half. Hut Mr. Kano did not warn the boys that dismissal whs Imminent. Friday morning when those on the early shift arrived for work, they were informed by the watch man that their cards had been pulled and their money was wait ing for them in the office. White employees wero already working. Under the new code which went into effect Monday the girl opera tors were raised from SSO a month to $65. The sulary of other workers were also raised under the new code and the hours were cut from M.**- -T*~ The discharged workers claim that Mr. Kane, who is general manager of the chain of hotels to which the Webster Hall belongs, tried to have the woman manager of the Imperial Hotel, another of the chain, discharge her colored employees. The manager of the Imperial ap pealed to the heavl of the control ing company and was able to save her workers. According to an official of the local branch of the National Asso ciation for the Advancement of Colored People, employees nt tlje Whittier Hotel on Burns Drive, have suffered the same fate, losing their Jobs as the new code went into effect. Anderson and Forsythe Complete Goodwill Flight Aviators Make Round Trip From Camden To Montreal Ity I)r. S. L. Lucas Atlantic City, N. J.—When C. A. Anderson and Dr. A. E. Forsythe landed their monoplane at the Central Airport, Camden, New Jer sey on the afternoon of November 22, another step in the program of the National Negro Aeronautical Society was successfully complet ed. Three days previously a group of Interested Philadelphians, news photgraphers and reporters of both racea had been on hand at the same airport to see the flyors off on a goodwill trip to Montreal, ('an ada. Tho aviators carried on their Northern Journey an official letter of greeting from the Mayor of Philadelphia to tho May of Mon treal. ft (liven Hearty Greeting After making two intermediate stops the flyers landed at the Mon treal airport covering the distance In flvo and ono half flying hours.. A delegation of Montrealers were on hand to give them a hearty greeting and to escort them Into the city. Later In the evening the flyers outllnod their transconti nental flight experiences and told about the program of the National Negro Aeronautical Society at a specially arranged meeting. The remarks made by the aerial am bassadors were received with much interest and enthusiasm. After the meeting a reception was held in of the visitors. P Received By Mayor 3n Tuesday morning a delega 3fl £tr HE :£ N OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN FIRM WANTS CODE WAGE EXEMPTION Washington, D. C.—The Selma Manufacturing Company, with headquarters in Selma, Ala. and branches in several southern cities has applied to the N. 11. A. for ex emption from the wago scale con tained in the code for the textile hag industry. This company is the one which saused the Ilev. E. D. Hughes to be driven from Selma when he refused to endorse a low scale of wages for Negroes under the N. R. A. The same company lms been working its colored em ployees 12 hours a day for a wage of about St cents an hour. It failed to get its low wage into the general code for the industry and now seeks to be exempted from the code scale so it can continue to pay colored people starvation wages. F. J. Ames, president of the company, visited Washington recently ami became so abusive of the N. R. A. officials in trying to get a special wage scalo for ills Negroes that he was forcibly put out of the office of a high government official. Pro tests against the exemption of the Selma Manufacturing company should be sent to A. D. Whiteside, Deputy Administrator, National Recovery Administration, Washing ton. The N. A. A. C. P., which took up the case of Rev. Hughes, already has telegraphed Mr. White side protesting the exemption. METHODIST CHURCH ON FIRING LINE Philadelphia, Pa.—(CNß)—At a -'o\iu.T of J4-* Work on the Board of Home Mis sions and Church Extension of the Methodist Episcopnl Church, 1 1 in Philadelphia at the W< y Building owned by the Methodist, consideration was given to the many problems which affected the colored people of the United States including particularly the matter of race relations and the present economic situation. Six bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church, including the two colored members of the Epis copacy, were present as follows: Bishops Edwin H. Hughes, Ernest O. Richardson, Fredrick T. Keeney Robert E. Jones, Matthew W. Clair and Wallace E. Brown Each of these Bishops is In contact with (Continued on Page ») tion of citizens escorted the avia tors to the Mayor’s office where they were cordially received. The letter from the Mayor of Philadel phia was delivered and in reply the Mayor of Montreal sent an official letter to the Mayor of Philadelphia by tho aerial messengers. Leaving Montreal on Tuesday at noon the flyers started homeward. Shortly after tho take off they encountered strong gales that greatly impeded their progress. The ground beneath them was covered with snow. The rivers and lakes were frozen over. Weather conditions caused the men to make two forced landings. Shop ping overnight at Saratga Springs they continued their Journey a* 2:30 p. m. on Wednesday after noon. On their arrival at Philadel phia they were escorted to the of flco of Mayor Moore who welcomed the men cordially and listened with Interest to an account of their trip. Another Move Forward The flight to Montreal, like the round trip transcontinental flight which was made in July of this year was but another definite move made to advance the colored race by using a sound, quick and proven means to gain respect and recognition for the race. The next flight that has been planned by the National Negro Aeronautical So ciety will take colored aviators on a good will tour to Mexico, Central (Coutlnued on Page f) Phone Randolph 2704 CHIEF DEFENSE WITNESS UNDER DOCTORS KNIFE Ruby Bates Under goes Operation Be fore New Trial New York, N. Y. —Ruby Bates, white girl of Alabama, who figures so prominently In the Scottsboro case, Is lying on a white hospital cot, fighting for life, following a critical operation which she re cently underwent In this tdty. Thiß girl, who was waiting near New York for her deposition to be taken by a Ne wYork lawyer for uso in the Decatur trials, last Thursday notified the Internation al Labor Defense that her physical condition har become such that she had been obliged to go to a hospit al. There, an examination by spec ialists, as well as the physician who had been treating her prev iously, made It evident that an im mediate operatin was a matter of life and dfcath. Miss Bates was operated on early last Friday morning. Physicians in charge could not pronounce her out of danger, Friday night. Talks To Reporter Thursday night, in tho presence of a representative of the Interna tional Labor Defense, Miss Bates told a reporter of her arrival in hospital and the operation site ex - pected. “I knew about my condition, but I dld’nt tell anybody Just how bad it was, until I was forced to conic to the hospital,” she said. "I want odto keep n fighting or the Scrotts boro boys, activoly. "Then when I realized I’d huv n to he operated on, I came here, and notified Mr. Patterson, of the I. L. D. "You know I was forced to test fy against the boys in the first trial. I told the truth at the last trial in Decatur, because 1 didn’t want these boys to die 'on account of a lie I fold, I threats that'*l wll be lanc.icu if i return, but in spite of'that, if it were necessary, and if I were able, I would go back and testify In De catur. I would be afruid, because I know they are after me. But if I could, I would go. "I have Just heard that Knight Continued on page 5 LUCY THURMAN Y. W. IN MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN Branch Needs SSOO To Complete Budget The membership committee of the Lucy Thurman Y. W. C. A. is making a special appeal to all women of the community. All those who are Interested in building a fellowship of girls and women in the association are requested to givo their memberships to keep a "Scrice Station at tho Crossroads” open for the girls nnd women of the group. Each membership dollar in vested will help the normal girl, whether in school, in business, in industry jn household employment or as a home-maker to associate with friends she enjoys, and to fill her leisure time with new interest and constructs recreation, also to find greater opportunity for per sonality and character develop ment in the Y. W. C. A. clubs, without cost. Th© membership dollars invest ed helps the unemployed girl to use her enforced leisure hours, to de velop new interest in the Y. W. C. A .free opportunity school. Some of the classes offered at the Y. W. C. A. are English re view, table service, cooking war robe remodeling, recreation in basketball tennis, singing, and games In each membership dollar in vested the emergency relief is in cluded. More than sixteen hundred meals were given to our women, through the riendly service de partment last year. Your membership Investment gives you the privilege of belong ing to the largest character-build ing organization in the world, for women and girls. Join today. The Y. W. C. A. membership brjngs ro turns and pays big dividends Those whose memberships have expired, may renew the same, by calling the Lucy Thurman Branch office. A worker will be sent to your home. Immediately. Successor to The Detroit Leader—Established 1907 DETROIT, MICHIGAN. SATURDAY, DEC. 2, 1933. Girl Fourteen Tries Suicide Despondent because of 111 health for the past year, Georgia Jones, 14, 58154 Hastings street attempted to tako her life Tuesday by drink ing lye. She was reported in a serious condition in the Receiving Hospital. According to girl’s sister, Mrs. Margaret Graham, Georgia had gone to the grocery store and pur chased a can of lye. On returning home she dissolved a portion of the lye in hot water and drank it. She was discovered by her sister who called the police and bad the youngster removed to the hospital. PRISONER GOES TO DEATH WITH SONGS ON LIPS Washington Prisoner Sings As He Goes To Chair Washington ((’NS) —The execu tion of Charles K. Washington, con victed as an accessory in the mur der of a taxi driver here Judy 29, 19!1, by electrocution Friday No vember 24, is termed by many ie gal murder.' , Frantic last minute efforts were made to obtain a commutation of sentenco and the condemned man had believed up to the last minute that President Roosevelt would commute his sentence to life Ira >risonment as he had done for Leonard Layton, convicted with Washington as an accessory. Wil liam (’. Robinson, the actual killer, was executed October 27. Two Stays Limited Washington received two temp orary stays of execution from the President, the tlrst on October 27, only four minutes before he was scheduled to die. Preparations had been completed, and tho death to the death house fnatDf x nfiffrcn waVii j. start'when the telephone call came from the Whito House to the District Jail brought the fist stay. Later another stay of one month was granted in order that the De partment of Justice might invostl gatti the case. The execution was called 'legal murder’ by Joseph A. Berberich, chairman of the special works corn mlttoo of the St. Vincent de Paul Society, who had led the tight to have Washington's sentence com muted. A telegram was sent by Iterborich to President Roosevelt at Warm Springs, Thursday, November 2!5, hut no reply was received. Washington, In whose behalf calmly to the chair. He was ac niany persons have worked, walked, companied by two guards and by tho Rev. James Pinn of the Good Will Baptist Church. The condemn ed man and his spiritual advisor sang tho spiritual, ‘We Will Under stand It Better Bye and Bye.’ i He eontlnued to sing as he sat in tile chair, hut stopped when the mask was placed on his bend. MASS DEMONSTRATION PROTEST NRA FIRING Craigen Wifi Speak Sunday At M D. L. A big monster protest eeting will be staged Sunday, Dor. 3, at 3 p. ni., at 632 Livingstone, for the purpose of protesting against the wholesale dismissal of Negroes from various places of employment in I>etroit. by concerns which are compelled to pay wages as required by the NBA codes. The only reason why these em ployers are discharging heir col ored workers is that slnco they nre compelled to pay higher wages, they prefer to pay these wnges to whlto workers. The Michigan Democratic Lea gue has taken up the tight to stop this discriminatory practice, and have already sought, the aid of the Government to prevent this form form of labor discrimination. J. A. Craigen and other leaders who are sponsoring the mass meeting he • lieve that every minister, every leader of fraternal organizations, every head of labor organizations among the group, should make their voices heard, so that this practice of dismissing Negro work ers shall not continue. They urge all leaders and rare-loving citi zens to be present at the M. D. L. auditorium Btwday afternoon, to hear the officials of the NR A who are scheduled to speak, and to learn how colorod people can be benefltted by the codes. SEVEN ACCUSED YOUTHS ENTER ANOTHER. TRIAL Victoria Price On Stand As Case Nears Jurors Decatur, Ala.- In a courtroom crowded with lynch-lncited Deca tur residents, holding in their hand* copies of the Birmingham paper* with screaming head-lines proclaiming the call for lynching issued by Governor Kolph of Cali fornia, a parade of state’s witness es in the Scottshoro case here were saved from open, confession of ly ing by Judge W. W. Callahan, presiding over Hey wood Patter-* ;>or’s third trial for his life. The state rested its case late in | the afternoon and Judge Callahan, in o p e n lynch provocation ' ordered the defense to begin pro-| sentation of his case in a night session. The state had called to the stand ! Victoria Price and Orville Gilley, , who repeated parrot-like well prepared testimony ’ ’«t refused to call to the stand Dr. it. It. lirldges and Dr. Lynch of Scottshoro, on whose medlcai testimony of the condition of Victoria Price ami lluhy Bates after they had charged "rape’’ Judge James K. Horton reversed the conviction of Hoy wood Patterson last June. Leibowitz Kchllkcd Repeatedly, as Samuel Leibowitz I International Labor Defense ai- > torney, pressed witness after wit- 1 ness, showing they told different stories today than they told at former Scottshoro trials Callahan ordered him not to question them any more along the line defense counsel followed. On one occasion when Leibowtz pressed for an answer from a har rasseil and floundering witness, Callahan banged furiously on bench and warned him that "eome tliing will happen if you don’t - Among the stale witnesses whose stories were absurb in their in credibility was Luther Morris who saw the .Negroes pulling girls buck in the frelgh car and heard their screams.” Leibowitz showed Morris was near-sighted, needing glasses oven to look at pictures, as well as hard of hearing. It was while he was on , the stand and Leibowitz was show ; ing witness’ physical ailments which made it impossible for bin. to have seen and hear what lie testified to that Culluhan ordered Leibowitz to stop that line, of questioning. Court resumed Tuesday mnrsing after a late evening session Liebowtz was ten minutes late. Callahan lectured him on prompt- ( ness. Victoria Price resumed the stand admitting under shrew cross examination that she and Orville Gilley had a long conference with ! Knight yesterday before she took stand. Leibowitz showed that Knight had rehearsed the stories» of both chief state witnesses. As he had done lust night Cal lahnn again stopped Ixdhowitz from pursuing questions whenever Victoria got in a tight place. The audience laughed approvingly at 1 the judge’s Jibes at Leibowitz. | Trade Analysis Is Made by Henderson at Luncheon Club City College Advertising Instructor Speaker At Luncheon Next Wednesday Business was divided into its component parts by Romeo Archi bald Henderson for the members of the Luncheon Club at the St. Louis Case Wednesday. But before it could be synthesiz ed byb the speaker, the time limit had expired. However, Mr. Hen derson has been invited to come again and explain more of his very Interesting subject, "Trade Analy sis.” Gordon W\ Kingsbury, president Kingsbury Produce Cos., advertis ing instructor at Detroit City Col lege und former secretary-manager Adcraft Club of Detroit. Mr. Gor don will speak on advertising. Divided Into Four Purls Mr. Henderson explained to the large audience that business was divided into products and service. Ho listed products as those items manufactured or produred. Service was the service rendered through some profession, craft or art. There Is also the special type of service. Lynch Craze Sweeps Country as Th ree Men are Lynched CONFERENCE BLAMES RITCHIE FOR DEATH Governor Censured At Parley In Baltimore Board Os Inquiry Seeks Oppression Baltimore—tCNS) The Anti lynching Conference held here la9t Saturday and Sunday in the New Albert Auditorium, placed tin blame for the recent Princess \nne lynching squarely at the door of Governor Albert Ritchie. The conference was sponsored by the Legue of Struggle for Ne gro Rights and tin* International Labor Defense and was attended by representatives from Boston Rhode Island, Connecticut. New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore. Washington, D. (’.; Richmond, Vi and other Eastern cities and more Hiatt 2,500 persons of all races and creeds crowded into the auditorium to listen to dramatic speeches by Bernard Aden, Miss Rose Bradley, Gough McDaniels and others. A Tribunal of Inquiry to inquire into lynching and oppression of Negro people was selected as fol lows: Dr. Harry Ward, chairman; Dr. Nunia Adams, Howard Uni versity; L. l\ Collins, Cardozo High School; Lydia G. Mcllwain, j Bloomingdale Civic Association; i Mrs. Mary Church Terrell, Mrs. Launv J).„Qlgc.n- all oLNYrsbiu©m D. C. The two days conference signals the*determined stand of Its spon sors and followers to take Immedi ate steps that will put an end to lynching In the United States. ‘Harborer* Os Arm* Baltimore, Md. ((’NS) Robins, prosecutor and other officials of Somerset County have been or dored to appear tn court here In regard to the incarceration of John 11. Richardson, white, who Is al leged to have 'harbored* Georg l Arntwond who laer was taken from the Somerset Jail and lynched. Richardson was arrested after the sheriff found Armwood, hiding in an adjoining county. Witnesses said Rlchardsan had taken him there. State police transferred Richard son from the Somerset to the Bal was lynched. They said they feared the mob would return for him. For a month he has remained in Jail ‘for safe keeping.* Mrs. Richardson instituted hab eas corpus proceeedlngs in the Bal timore Circuit Court and Judge Eugene O’Dunne wi! Ipreside at the hearing. , Dusiness management was rlis— solved Into four essential depart ments —finance, production, adver tising and sales, and accounting. As the ultimate aim of the busl neaa nmn Is to sell his product or sere Mr. Henderson stressed the advertising and sales. He was as sisted hy a Mr. Mitchell, Uillor whm Mr. Henderson ihterrogated as to tho arious processes of his business. This Interrogation, according to Mr .Henderson, was to prove to tho audience Just how lax they were In understandin their own business. It is only through clear understanding of the business or profession in which one is engaged can he sell that product. Mr. Hen derson declared. The speaker asked the members of the Luncheon Club if they are trading with other members of the group in business? He suggested that business men made trips of Inspection to other firms. Offer* 2146 St. Antoin* South Carolina Sued By Widow In Lynch Death Greenville, S. C. .Mrs. Ada Thompson, widow ol I'Mm to Thompson, who was taken from the Jail at Ninety-Six, S Oct. X, by four wliito men an dlynclied by being beaten to death, lias on gaged lawyers in this city to tile suit against the county for .'J.UOQ damages. This amount is allowed aider the South Carolina anti lynchtng law and ntuy he recovered from the county where a lynching occurs. The county authorities r« •> peeled t>> try and dodge on the vord 'lynching.’ They are sai l to leli-ve Tin ipson was murdered ’he state also argued over tlieso two Words in the lynching of Nor ris Dendy July 4 at Clinton, S, C. Both men were taken from jail ami killed. The county solicitor here will present the Thompson case to the grand Jury next month. Four white textile workers are being held for Thompson’s death. One made a statement confessing the crime and stating the chief of po lice left the jail door open for them. JUDGE LOWELL DIES AFTER BRIEF ILLNESS Jurist Won Fame ’ln Craws 3rd Decision Mas*. —Federal Judge James A. Lowell, who recently gained national prominence through his decision In the George Crawford rase, died on Thanksgiv ing Day at his home here. He was fi4 years old. The noted Jurist had been ill for ten days. He recovered sufficiently last week to plan to return to his duties Monday, hut his condition took a turn for the worse. His death brought an end to im peachment proceedings against him in the National House of Uepre- ' sentatlves because of his action in the Crawford case. Crawford was wanted in Virginia for the alleged slaying of Mrs. Margaret Boeing Ilslcy and her maid, Mrs. Nina Buckner. Al though Gov. Joseph B. Klv, of Massachusetts, granted extradition, j Judge Lowell issued a writ of habeas corpus which freed Craw ford. He did this he said, because Negroes were not permitted to serve on Virginia juries and a con viction of Crawford would he ille gal. The Supreme Court overruled him and Crawford was taken to Virginia. Anti - Lynching Bill Proposed For Maryland Annapolis Mr. H’XSt A special session of I te General Assembly m the State of Maryland opened last Thursday, November 2J, and the day was marked by the intro duction of 15 miscellaneous bills and five liquor measures. Among the miscellaneous bills was one on lynching introduced by Delegate Oliver Metzeratt of Prince Georges County, who represents the lower house of the Mary land Legislature, approximately fiO.OOO persons, of whom about 15,000 are Negroes. Mr Metzeratt lit speaking of the anti lynching bill said it would no doubt prove a controvcrsal measure but that it embodied his own ideas on the subject. An unusual feature of the bill prohibits persons who have formed or expressed any opinions In fav oring lynching from serving on luries which try ly'nehlng cases. The measure alms to abolish lynching chiefly by making coun ties and cities liable to the extent of $5,000, when a erinte of this typo occurs within their borders. Stabbed In Neck Cornelius Johnson, 24. 678 Row ena street, was stAhhed In the nerk by Beatrice Fletcher Wednesday. Ho had been to a beer garden at Sfill Hastings street. Beatrice, when arrested, was cut n the arm. IT PAYS TO ADVERTISE IN THE TRIBUNE PRICE FIVE CENT? MISSOURI SHERIFF HANDS MAN TO MOB Offici Refuse To Give Name Os Woman Two Whites Burned By California Mob Lynch rule which swept the country during the past week, claimed the lives of three persons, two white and one colored, during the past week. Several were seri ous) v wounded, .Mob spirit manifested itself in Sua Jose, Calif., Sunday night when a mob stormed the county Jail, seized the confessed slayers of Hrooks Hart, white, San Jose youth and lynched the pair. Tuesday a nu>b of more than .*.OOO stormed the county Jail in Joseph, Mo. and lynched Lloyd Warner, lit year old colored boy, after the youth had been given to the molt by the sheriff. Warner ac cording to the authorities, had confessed attacking a young white woman. Sheriff Surrenders The sheriff surrendered the pri soners to the mob after the frenzied crowd had wrecked the Jail," Tear gas, night clubs and two tanks were used by the offl- Tho officers did not lire a gun at either San Jose of St. Joseph. Following the lynching of War ner, St. Joseph officials issued a •tuteirent In which they blame of the lynching on "out* alders.” St. Joseph is not very far f*om Marysville, where a mob attacked the county jail, seized Raymond (Junn who was accused of attack- ing a white school teacher, chained him to the roof of the school house and then set fire to the building. The mob started gathering In front of the St. Joseph county Jail when it was learned that Warner had been captured and charged with the crime. The authorities re fused to reveal who the woman in the rase was. Assisting Sheriff Otto Thelsen and his deputies in the guarding of the Jail were all state highway patrolmen available, and two tank corps from the National Guard at S;, Joseph. Hurl Bricks At Jail The crowd attacked the Jail with bricks, breaking out windows as tin* defense tossed a few tear gas bombs in their midst. With the mob surging on IJrave Sheriff Thelsen stepped out in front, and informed the lynchers that he was turning Warner over to them. Three men seized Warner as he was ushered out of the building, one of the men stabbing him with a knife. His screams of pain brought blows from others who had surrounded him. The prisoner was taken to *"fth and Jule streets where a rope was flung across a limb of a tree and the noose fitted around his neck. As this tree was too small, he was dragged to another tree across th« street. After the victim had been hanged gasoline was thrown over his bodj and a match touched off the gaso line and his body was soon en veloped in flames. After the lynching of the two confessed kidnappers in San Jose, Governor James Kolph Issued a statement in which he praised ths work of the lynchers, declaring that he had refused to send troops to protect the prisoners and had not gone on a trip for fear some one would send the troops in his absence. The remarks of the California Governor is believed by many to have acted as an Impetus to the lynchers in St. Joseph. Annual Shower Planned For Phyllis Wheatley Home Thn annual fall shower of can ned goods, fruits and other sup plies for the Phyllis Wheatley Home, at E. Elisabeth and 8L An toine, is being held from Not. 20 te Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 30. Any donation to add to the lard er of this home for aged women of the race, will be gratefully re ceived.