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NEWSY RELIABLF *SC UNBIASED VOL. XVI. NO. 4 Rev. Bradby Pleads For Better Church and Business Union ASSAILS THE LOCAL ANTI CHURCH SPIRIT Other Pastors Attack Anti-Church Spirit In Detroit Appeals Made For A Better Alliance If there Is to be a stronger al Banco between the business ami profession:!l men ami women of Detroit and the chureh, there must be a change in the attitude of the professional people toward the church. This was tlie message conveyed to the members of the Noonday luncheon club of the Hooker T. Washington Trade Association at tile St. Louis Case Wednesday afternoon. The pastor oi Second Baptist church, after praising the eflorts oi the founder of the Booker T. Washington T. Association, began to assail those business und profes sional men anil "women who seek the aid of tne minister in order to help them increase the sales of their product without showing sym pathy toward the church. The colored physicians and should have tin; bulk of tthe colored trade, but they fall to take advantage of the great oppor tunities offered in the churches by not assuming the responsibilities of members, he said. The most of thsm onlv come when they are material gain. He further stated that It would be very unwise for any minister to advocate to any specific product from his pulpit. Because of the many raceketa practiced by some of the business men, the congrega tion would immediately arrive el the conclusion that the minister was a part of that racket, in* charge. The Itev. William Haber, pas tor of Kbeneier A. M., E. stated that when he arrived in Detroit h«* was approched by three undertak ers at different times who submit ted commercial propositions to him for the extension of their bus iness. The Ilev. J. It. Lewis, rector of St. Cyprian church, decried the anti-church spirit in Detroit, lie said that it was greater here than any place lie had ever been. The Kevs. Janies H. Mastin, Calvary Baptist; E. M. Kalgler. Peoples Haptist; John Coleman, St. John Presybertlan, and E. W. Kelley, ere other ministers who were in ■"educed. Mrs. Essie F. Shaw pres ident of the M\islcal Center, pre sented the musical program. The Hoosters will have the program for the next week. Urge Dr. 1 oodles* For State Senate Frionila of I>r. Aaron C. Toodle, 1001 Marston avenuo, who believes that external civic and economic circumstanced and the welfare of tho colored cltlsenry of Detroit de mand lilh presence in the state Senate during tho session of the leg islature in 1»36, are urging him to enter tho race. The appeal recently made to Dr. Toodle, and signed by several thousands of citizens reads as fol lows “We, the undersigned voters of the 3rd, sth 7th wards, Hant tramck, and other friends believ ing that you posses the ability and (nullifications to represent the clt itens of the Third Senatorial Dis trict in the next legislature do hereby urge you to become a can dldato for senator from that dis trict. We pledge you our undivided support and assure you we will work for your election. ’’ A close friend of Dr. Toodle stated: "The Doctor's ambition Is to bo the best he can for the benefit of the masses, but If being a can didate for the senate should Inter fere with his program, I am con fident Dr. Toodle will not enter the race. However, if Dr. Toodle can be Induced to become a candidate, I am confident ho has a good chance of being elected, and will make a good representative for the masses of our cltlsenry. His feuallficHttons are on a par with is qualifications of any, and a "bore those of many who wi’.l enter the race." HI ctr un e Urit LEADINO NEOKO WEEKLY OP MICHIOMTIHa/ Public Spirited I < TtHgy wrjWwnrWM Dr. It. L. Brad by pastor of Second Baptist Church, who ud dressed the Wednesday noon lun cheon of the Hooker T. Washington Trade Association this week. SEEK FUNDS IN CF.AiVFORD CASE Rev. King Appeals To Large Y Audience KeV. William Herbert King, pas tor ut Plymouth Congregational Church, of this city, thrilled a large and enthusiastic audience at Ht. Antoine Branch Y. M. C. A. lust Sunday afternoon, witii an eloquent and inspirational address on "The Negro* ’h Second Emmancipation. The meeting was field under the auspices of tin* local N. A. A. C. I*. Branch, for the purpose of ruining lunds for defraying expenses in tin* Crawford case, in Virginia. KeV. Charles Hill, pastor of Hurl ford avenue Baptist Church, made the appeal lor donations and u lib era I contribualon was raised. Kev. King told Ills hearers that the Negro’s emancipation from physical shaklcs was given by Abraham Lincoln, hut that tlie second emancipation freedoj i from economic und political bo dage - will liuvc to be won by the raco itself. The speaker further condemned the tendency on the part of many Negroes to "clown”, which he termed as a habit' formed during slavery. in referring to the part which the churches and clergy of the race contribute toward the sftlvutlon of the Negro, Kev. King declared that in future the race will demand more from the church in the way of material salvation. PROXY HOLDERS URGE DEPOSITORS TO ACT Full Pay-Off Sought From Nat’l Bank The savings bank depositors whose money la still, in part, tied up In tin* Klrst National Hunk, of Detroit, arc atlll being eanvnHxod by their own Committee for author ity to the Committee to represent them before the Washington auth oritiea to hurry up a pay off. This work la being done at the suggestion of Judge Theodore Itlch ter, of the Wayne Circuit Court, before whom some of the proceed ings relative to the cloacd banka are conducted. So far nearly 90,000 depositors with about 130 millions ot deposits, have signed up this authority. It will require about twice as many depositors and twice as much deposits to make tho complete authority required. There th( committee has to make a broad work to get the additions needed. Under the law, the Deceivers of the closed hunks can't give out the names of depositors, or their u mounts of money in the hanks, so the Committee has to make a broad cast appeal to the depositors to make themselves known and sign the necessary paper. Among other sources they are appealing through this paper. Tho authority given the Commit- On Page 0 Phona Randolph 2704 CLAIM NEGROES OENIED SHARE OF DAM WORK Probe Discloses That White Suprvi h ors Are Prejudiced Figures Based On National Survey New York -Negroes arc being denied a fair share of jobs ou Boulder dam by one man who be lieves in jim crowism and who • alls all Negroes "darkies,” it was revealed thiH week when a report was received by the National As sociation for the Advancement ol Colored People from Leland S. Hawkins, president of the San Francisco branch, who made a personal inestigation at l.as Vegas, Nev, and Boulder City and tile dam. The man is Frank T. Crowe, gen oral superintendent of the Six Companies, Inc., which hires most ol the men on tlie dam. Mr. Hawkins, who is also ri member of tlie National Bur Assn elation which is working Jointly with the N. A. A. c. p. on employ ment ut the dam, sends the fol lowing highlights on the whole situation: Ktcrytlilng Separate The largest number of Negroes ever employed on the dam was "0 , between Auust IS and November IC, 1932. The total payroll averaged $20,000 a day, but the Negro pay roll was only $122.50 a day. At present only 12 or 14 Negroes ar* |employed and ther payroll is no? 1 over stt. r » a day. On Nov. i u total id 4,100 men were working for all | companies at the dam, with the Six Companies In*!., having 3,2H9 of these on its payroll alone, Negroes lived In the Ktver Camp at the dam front August 13, 10.12 to March IS 1033 in the separate dormitory, with separate tables ill tho mess hall and separato toilets. They were not ullwcd to drink from the regular fountain, hut hud their water brought to thorn in water hugs. They had ii separate truck to haul theln to work, u separato pool table in the recreation room. Negroes arc permitted to enter Boulder City, the government built town, but none live there, although "arrangements” ar*- being made to have them live there. Boulder dam was started in March, 1931. The government is spending $105,000,000 on tin l dam, out of taxes from all the people. Boulder City was built by the government at a cost of $2, 000, 0tt0 to be a model city for the em ployees at the dam. The whole project is under the supervision of the department of the interior of whicli Secretary Harold L. Ickes is tin- head. The Hawkins report has been ’forwarded to Harry Slattery, per sonal assistant to Secretary likes. Noted Writers Organize League Against Lynching New York Some of the most eminent writers, newspapermen, editors and publishers in the coun try met at the offices of the N. A. A. P. on Monday and organized th e Writers' League Against Lynching, which will be an Inde pendent organisation for the sole purpose of lighting lynching and mob violence. Harry Hansen, lit erary critic of the New York World - Telegram, is chairman; Suzanne La Follette, secretary; Nellß Larsen assistant secretary; and Lenore Marshall, treasurer, On tin* executive committee are John Chamberlain, Clifton Kadi man, Lewis Gannett, Inez Haynes Irwin, Dorothy Parker, George H. Hchupler, Harrison Hinith, Bonja min Htolberg, Waller White and Helen Woodward. Among tho members are Frederick Lewis Allen. Hherwood Anderson, Carlton lleuls, Robert Henchley, Roark Bradford, Sterling Brown, James Brunch Cabell, Krsklne Caldwell, Stuart Chase. Cuntee Cullen, Kdna Fer her, Jessie Fauset Harris, Fannie Hurst, Alfred A. Knopf, Will Irwin, Klmor Rice, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Vlllard, William Pickens, Carl Van Doren, Virgin- Ins Dabney and George Jean Na than. There are ninety members (bus far. NOTICE Tho Tribune extends n hearty In t Ration to nil clubs, churches, fra* ternal orders, athletic teams, and other local groups and indhlduals. to send their news Items to these columns for publication. We make no charge for news Items, Successor to The Detroit Leader—Established 1907 DETROIT, MICHIGAN. Dr. Caliver To Aid In Negro Relief Work Washington i (NS) Harry 1.. Hopkins, Federal Kmergency Hi* lief Administrator, lias announced the appointment of Dr. Ambrose Caliver, specialist in the Kducation of Negroes. Federal Office of Kdu cation; as a purl time specialist in Federal emergency relief work In volving Negro education. Dr.; Caliver, who has been loan ed by the Commissioner, of Kdu cation to be relief adininisrtuiion for part-time services, will con tlnue his work in the office of Kdu cation. His additional part-time duties will Ik* to give advice in con ncction with special problems con cerning emergency education'll program for Negroes, and to help in disseminating information to Negroes and other persons inter ested in their education. NOTED LAWERS RETURNS HOME Liebowitz Cheered On New York Return New York City (CXSI Samuel S. I .elbow it/. (lie not' il lawyer who defended (lie Scott shnro hoys re turned to New York City last Wednesday, from Deiatur, Ala. and -00 admirers nave him a rough hotftli well meant reception at tlm I’cnitsylvaniii station. Ills clothes were torn, his hat was knocked off and trampled and he was roughly Jostled in the crush to slap him on the hack or even to touch Ids clothes. Joseph V. McKee, who returned from Washington on the same train passed the group waiting for the lawyer entirely unnoticed. Kour husky men, including two Negroes, lifted Mr. Lethowltz to their shoulders. tits hodygard, l>etw'»inti Harold Kox and Arch Duly, fought their way to hid aide. Ten polk'otnen fiwally scattered the crowd and Mr. Lelbowitz was hurried to u car. He spent some hours at home recovering from the "muullng.” Medical Student Rejected At Woman’s Hospital Charles Finch, a senior at tin* l . of M. Medical School, was r" cently assigned hy lho universiy to take tile cotirso of study of oh stetrlcs at Woman’s Hospital m Detroit. Tho student physician went to the hospital, Monday. Dee. 11, hnt was denied admittance, because of his color. order for Dr. Finch to com pieie his assigned course, it wiil ho necessary for the 11. of M. Medincnl School to assign him to Borne other hospital. Dunbar Hospital Changes Name To Parkside Hospital New Institution Will Hold Open House In The Building New Years Afternoon Under anew name, new manage nient, end with new interior, tin* Purkside Hospital, formerly the Dunbar Hospital of tills elty will present itself for public approval at an open house celebration on New Year’s l»ay. The board of trustees and staff, composed of some of Detroit’s most outstanding citizens, are bend lng every effort to make the open house party an affair of real merit. Mrs. Fannie It. Peek, president of the National and local Housewives League, will be in direct Churgc of the reception. She will h assisted by the full board of trustees and the medical staff. The reception will heKln j t 2 I*. M. continuing until It I’. M. Purkside Hospital, as It is now* made up, will have an ‘A’ ruling by medical authorities. The per mitel of the trustee board of the Institution follows: t\ (\ Ames, M. I)., Fred M. Dutacel, \V. L. Babcock, M !>., Louis C. Blount, John (’. I)anry, Walter W. Dean, Walter J. Fields, Robert Gretbildge, M. I)., Mrs. Annie M. (Iroon. Mrs. Nina Humphrey, Don ah! J. Marshall, Harry S. Pofl, Mils, Funnln Peck. J. N. Wills, M. P., Charles R. Webb, SATURDAY, DEC. 16, 1933 ANTI-LYNCH BILL IS DRAFTED FOR NEXT CONGRESS Colorado Senator In troduce Measure To Congress N«*w York Tlu* first ilrafl of l lie «'*l«Tal ami lynching hill which Senator Kdwurd I*. CoKtigun of Colorado has consented to intro duco when con kreus meets next month was completed and a con ereine upon it will he held till' , week by leading w hite and colored lawyers, including many nationally known experts in constitutional law', according to announcement o( the National Association lor tin Advancement of Colored People, So many individuals and organ i/ations have indicated their desire for a federal hill tlistt the confer dice this week will endeavor not only to draft finally the strongest possible hill, hut to co‘ ordinate all elforls hehind a single hill so that there will lie no confusion and division of action in the the hard fight ahead in congress. Tin hill now dratted will lie scrutinized by the whole legal committee of the \. A. A. C. I*, and th< general counsel of the American civil Liberties I'nion as "e|| a • by eminent attorneys Known to hoth organi/.ations Por tlier emigre, small L. C. Dyer of .Missouri, father of the Dyer Anti lynching bill, has written Walter White, X. A. A. C. I*, set retary, of sering to aid the new effort in any I way, even to coming ' » new York . and speaking and conferring on I Hie new bill at his own expense. | The N. A. A. C. I’, asks all Indi ividuuls, clubs, churches, lodges 1 organizations to begin at once I uuMdlioiiing all their congressman land senators, seeking their support lof the new federal hill. “Voters should catch their rep resentatlves and senators now, IJE FOfIK they leave for Washington," said Mr, White. "Walt upon them with mall committees, write them or telegraph them, asking for a written statement of their position on a federal anti-lynching hill. "This light to get such a hill through the next congress will he a difficult one and will require a united and iineeasim; campaign. A greatlv aroused public opinion is with us, hut only hy sustained cf ■ fort in cooperation with other na tional groups who want such a hill can we finally put it through. I do not need to*way that such a tight costs money. Colored people should he willing to put more money lie hind an anti lynching fight than anyone else because they are the chief victims of the lynch law. Contributions may he sent to tut Fifth avenue, New York City." New York. Chairman Mrs. Fannie Peck, president of the national and local House wives* I League, who will be In charge nt the "Open House** celebration at Parkside Hospital, Dotroit, on New Year’s Day, , Fiendish Texas Mob, Cheated By Bullets, Burn Man’s Body NINE TO DIE IN ALABAMA Montgomery, Ala.—A mass execution unparal leled in Alabama’s history, was decreed here Thurdsay when the State Supreme Court confirmed the death sen tences of eight men and a woman, all convicted of mur der, The condemned prisoners are all Negroes. They will l>e electrocuted on Feb. “DY Many unbiased citizens look upon the proposed wholesale execution of these nine Negroes, as an ex pression of the desire of Alabama to retaliate. It i though! to be resentment against the temporary frustra tion of Alabama's ellorts to railroad the nine Scottsboro boys to the electric chair . Government has Power To Act Against Vicious Mobs Constiution Cited To Show U. S. Power To Curb Mob Violence New York The brief showing ttie federal government lias the the power under existing laws to Intervene and press the prosecu , tlon of the Tusealoosa, Ala. oft l l t era wno permitted a double lynch ing i was printed and distributed this week toy the National Associa tion for the Advancement of Col lored People. The brief was drawn! I by Messrs. Charles H. Houston, Ed-/ ward I’. Lovett and Leon A. Han som of Washington, D. C. ( (institution ( lied ‘ The gemral contention is that under sccton 52, chapter •'!, title IS of tli* 1 I lilted States code <K. S. 510) the sherrlff of Tuscaloosa county cun be prosecuted in the federal courts because he willfully subjected two inhabitants, (Dai I’tppeii Jr. and A. T. Harden l of tin* stall* of Alabama to tin* depri vation of rights secured and pro tented by tin* constitution and laws of tin* I'nlted States or to different Exams Scheduled For U. S. Civil Service Washington (CNSI The l\ S. Civil Service Commission an nounces among other examination:! tho fnllowug: Junior Tubulating Machine Operators, $1,440 a year, llndei Cat I Punch Operator. $1,2(10 a year, departmental service Wash ington, D. and Held service. Applications will he received from persons w lio have reached their Hot li but not their .Mini birthday on January 4 except that veterans may tie examined without regard to age limits. These age limits are tlxed in ths reannouncemeut because ur> examination for these positions was recently held which afforded opportunity of competing to appli cants between the ages of lk to 35 years. Application Form 8. An nouncement 1 (Assembled). Closing January 4, 19.14. Junior Calculating Machlng Operator, $1,440 u year, depart mental serlce, Washington, D. C. and Held service. Applications will he received from persons who have reached (her 35th but not their f ird birthday or January 5, except that veterans may he examined without regard to age limits. These age limits are lixed in this rean iiounerment because of examina tion for this position was recently held which afforded opportunity of competing to applicants between the ages of 18 and 35 years. Ap plication Form 8. Announcement 2 lAssembledl. Closing date, Jan nary 5, 1934, 0 NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS If yon do not receive jour copy of Hie Detroit Tribune every week, please call vip the ofllce - Kandolpli 2704. We want every paid anhseriber to get their paper regularly, before Sunday of eaeh week. Office 2146 St. Antoiae punishments, pains or penalties, by reason of tlieir ra<i- and color, titan ar«.' prescribed tor lit*.* punish i mt’iii of dll'Min, The hrlet wan drawn at the re 1 l quest ot Allortiey Uvnurul Homer' IS. (nmnilup*. H haw been wnbmM /red to bis office end ie being stud s fed by him and his assistants. Re-I reuse of tho Importance of tbp sub-1 Jed, file .V A. A. <'. P, hue sent I the brief to uII senators. governor#, attorney# general and #tate bar us social lon#. Also to u selected list of daily newspaper# covering all state# in the country to weekly I papers, leading magazine# of opiti ton, to leading newspaper# in Can ada, Mexico, South America, Kur ope, including Russia, and Japan. Also the Philippine and Hawaii!) islands, Cuba and Jamaica, Inter ested persons cun secure copies h> sending or mailing fifteen cents in stamps to the X. A. A. C. i\, t!9 ■ Fifth avenue, New York. ST. ANTOINE Y OFFERS SPECIAL COURSES Opportunities Free To All Citizens The St. Antoine Brain h Y. M. C. A. is extending its area of service into the field of formal education. A committee of interested people have been working for the past i\ week# on a course of study that would meet the needs of those peo ple having the inclination for cul tural development and personal growth. The courses offered have been selected after due consider atlon of adult Interest# and cmplias i# will be placed on their special value as leisure time activtes. The “Y” Kducatonal Committee announces that their classes will begin Monday, January la, with a registration period beginning Jan uary 3, and closing January 12. Mondays, Tuesday# and Thursdays will tie the time of the classes an I the courses will cover a period of ten weeks. The Committee has given much thought to the matter of fees and lias come to the decision that the work will be offered free. The invitation to enroll Is extended to all interested nren and women of the ' ater Detroit urea. Ti lollowing Is tin* tentative list nt courses to he offered, along with the tnstrutors: Public Speaking; Instructor, Al fred Stevensnn, A. B„ Lincoln I’n diversity; Graduate student West ern lteservo University, Cleveland, Ohio; at present graduate student at Detroit City College, majoring In speech. Praliamentary laiw Instructor, V Le Itron Simmons, A. It. University of Michigan; Senior law student University of Detroit. Spanish—lnstructor Ko6ert / K. Hayden, student Detroit Citw'Col (Continued on Png* ®l IT PAYS TO ADVERTISE * IN THE TRIBUNE PRICE FIVE CENT? SHERIFF TU P NS MAN OVEI. 10 ANGRY MOB Former Convict Had Been Killed In Church Belfry Drag Victim’s Body Through The Streets Kountze, Texas K'XSI — As if ir. definanre of tlte outspoken con temuation of lyn* hing as murder Ity I’resilient Roosevelt on Wednes day, Dei diiln r *>, u frenzied mob slaked its third for blood and \engiatne lit re today in one of tho most gruesome mob performances/ ot Texas' liistory. / Angry citizens s*'i/.etl the body c I>;*% itl llregory, former Negro to* vnt, from a sheriff's posse that V •dim him down, dragged the body through the streets, eut up tho body, ami threw it into a blazing pyre. tirepory hud been accused of as saulting and murdering Mrs. Nellie Williams brut kman and had been hunted tor more than a week. , sheriff Mtii-s .lordan and members lof his posse saltl they trailed the \ tuspeci t*> a church at Vogjx **pd J openfcd n.t alien I refund to and made" c I move as though he Intended to shoot. With tlielr prisoner bleeding profusely, officers started toward ♦range, where they expected to lodge the mao In Jail for safe keeping. The prisoner died on the way, and the sheriff and party Headed back to Knuntze, As they neared here, a crowd; estimated at 300 persons gathereiy met (lie sheriff and seized the bod/ A I# in fire was lighted and after t / b<>d\ had been dragged through’' the s'reels, and mutilated, it was tossed inift the flumes. ILLITERACY DROPS AMONG CITY LIVERS Washington, D. <\ The Bureau of the Census umiounnees that the per cent Negro illiteracy in the 5J title ot the l idled States having 15,000 nr more inhabitants general ly decreased, according to reports, census oi 1 !»::<». The Bureau defines a# illiterates any person i years of age who is not abb* to read ami write either in Knglish or in some other language. New Orleaus re ported the greatest Dumber of Il literates in 1930 as in 1920, but Charleston, S. C., reported the highest, percentage of illiteracy in 1 !»•'?<•, having displaced Montgomery which had the highest in 1920. Only :! of these cities in 1930, as compar ed with II in 1920, reported 20 per cent nr more of the Negro inhab itants 10 years old and over as il literate. The live cities for which the highest percentages of illiteracy were reported in 1930, wero, in tho order named. Charleston and Colum Ida, s. <charlotte, Montgomery, and Itcaumont. itoston and Atlantic City were the only cities in 1930 that reported leas than 2 per-cent Negro illiteracy; 12 other cities less than T> per cent. For Charleston, Mf-ijiil, Newark, nnd Tampa the percent illiterate was higher In 1930 than 1920, In Boston, New York (Mil* ago ami Gary, a higher per centage of illiterates, 10 years old and over was reported for the white than tor the Negro population. That Illiteracy is confined- al most wholly to the adult Negro pop ulation in theso cities Is Indicated by the fact that in only 12 of the P3 cities included in the tabulation did Negro Illiterates under 21 years of age constitute r» per cent or more of the local number. These were Atlanta, Augusta, Macon. Savannah Miami, Jackson, Miss., New fork, Charlotte; Durham, Winston-Salem Charleston a fid Columbia. For the white population 10 year* old and over the highest percent ages of illiteracy for 1930 were re ported for Gary, Newark. New York and Cleveland due to the relatively high proportion of foreign born adulta.