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(g itr” aan » $ etr i 1 s~\%£ribune tfdtHSEL'.. I M /fr aiCtfgESarJbft/ WW I N Published by Per k ‘s Tiling & Advertising Service 2146 St. Anp « pint: Columbia, Detroit, Mich. Term* of foto&oa (Payable in advance) One year, sl.so^. r T ths, $1.00; three months, 75 cents. Fo/n ° r l\ Acriptions, $2.50 a year. J. EDW 8 1 1,1 * Vl, Managing Editor / * *1 of Clr • Butina** Managar J- Mrs./la* H . I lirtorial \ • • w/; * a< llM‘B Social „ j. ne fh Pa V Oil * F **J ]v Sub i irly two thousand years ago, whiler shepjj hivt!**! U , nci Gashing their flocks on the hill sides/ of JuijHiratioi dd a bright star in the heavens and iVeard a Bund if /n, ty ost singing: “Glory to God in the highestTatKbJJiJ^*ace, good will toward men; for un to you this d‘‘ , ’ n T / r f),l trur is born." The shep**jv*, flowed the star, which guided them to Bethlehem. There they found the Baby lying in a man ger, in the midst of oxen and sheep, that munched their hay and looked on with mild patient eyes. We celebrate Christmas, because it marks the an niversary of the Christ-Child’s birth. Although the Son of God, he was not born in a palace, but in lowly surround ings. lie knows how to sympathize with men, women, and children in the humble stations of life as well as with those who are rich. At this hallowed season, the spirit of peace, good will and love prevails. What a happy world this would be, if the Christmas spirit could dwell in human hearts every day in the year- In making our gifts this Christmas, let us not forget the poor and destitute, in whose homes no Christmas trees will be lighted, no festive tables spread, no toys received by the kiddies, unless they are provided by generous and unselfish citizens. While purchasing our Christmas supplies of food and other things, let us bear in mind the following suggestions, offered by the local Booker T. Washington Trade Associa tion and the Housewives League. They say: “On account of existing economic conditions, Christ mas gifts and other purchases will of necessity cost less than in previous years. Also, the desire to share with ot hers is more pronounced than ever before. In making your Christmas purchases, therefore, we suggest that you think of the small business places con ducted by members of our race, many of whom are entirely dependent upon Negro support. We likewise call your at tention to the obligation to share our Patronage with firms that employ our people. “Support given to these two types of business will be deeply appreciated by the B. T. W. Trade Association and the Detroit Housewives’ League.” The Tribune heartily endorses these timely sugges tions. We should spend as much of our Christmas .money as possible, with our own business firm and with those of other racial groups who employ our people. Meanwhile, let us remember to share our Christmas blessings with such underprivileged families and in dividuals as may be less fortunate than ourselves. By min istering to them, we pay homage to the King of Kings, who was born on Christmas Day. DOES VIOLENCE PAY Under the strees and hardships of the prolonged de pression, and the many forms of injustice meted out to colored Americans, some are tempted to become discour aged anti even desperate. '1 his is especially true, in the case of some of our young men, who have become so embittered fey the fre quent acts of mob violence and race discrimination against Negroes, that they are beginning to see “red” and imagine that the only remedy lies in combatting violence with violence. Among the many letters we receive, one recently came from a young man, who believes that the thousands of dollars raised and expended by Negro organizatio’ in defending the Scottsboro boys and numerous other such unfortunate members of the race, might prove of far greater effect as a defense fund, if the money were used to purchase weapons. In a Christian land like this, it is to be regretted that unjustice, inflicted upon Negroes, as to tempt them at times to resort to violence in self-defense or reprisal. Whenever possibe, it is better to seek protection through peaceful means, but when the provacation is sufficiently strong, forceful physical resistance is often inevitable and justifiable. In any country, when the laws of the land and the law enforcing officials fail to protect the citizens, the people are forced to protect and defend themselves. Self-preserv ation is one of the universal laws of nature. Crawford Given Life * (Continued from Page D greatly confused in his answers after ho had declared lie thought ‘honesty’ ami ‘falrmlndedness’ were required of Jurors. Dean Houston quickly naked: "Do you believe there are no honest Negroes In l<oudoun county? Tho witness said he hadn’t said that. From the beginning of the case In Boston, Dean Houston has given much tlnie to the Jury question and plans to carry the Issue to a higher court, If Crawford should bo convicted. One of the numerous colored witnesses who testified against Crawford was Robert Hutchins, who said he was a federal narcot ic agent of Newark, N, J. and who declared he had served as an officer In Company A, 367th Infantry. Company A officers here deny he was an officer with the company and Dean Houston I* expected to put witnesses on the stand to show Hutchins testified falsely, Hutchins declared he had heard Crawford boast In October, 1932, in an argu ment, that he had killed two while women. Caul Iloelng. expected to he an exciting’ witness, gave a calm ac count of finding his sister's body. He lives in New York and Mil. wauke He did testify that ho knew of no reason why his sister should fear Crawford and denied knowing that his slater had had a warrant sworn ut for Crawford before she was killed, charging the chauffeur with stealing. The weapon with which the skulls of both women were smash ed was not introduced by the pros ecution. Itwas supposed to have been a bootblack. Leeshurgh, Va.—Over the vigor ous objection of Dean Charles H. Houston, defense counsel, the un signed confession of George Craw- SATURDAY DECEMBER 23, 1933 THE BABE OF BETHLEHEM By J. Edward McCall In Bethlehem, across the sea Almost two thousand years ago, The Christ-Child came to earth, that He Might save the world frm sin and woe. He was not born in palace hall, W’ith purple robes and splendor gay ; But in a stable, dark and small, Where cattle stood and munched their hay. Guided by a flaming star, To w here the Babe and Mother were, Three Wise Men journeyed from ufar, With gifts of incense, gold, and myrrh. On this and every Christmas Day Our homage to the Christ we bring; Let peace and good will reign for aye! The Babe of Bethlehem is King. PRISONS AND PRISONERS Ily Clifford C. Mitchell SOME Til (MO HIS ON PENAL Uln< I PEINE During tho week wo have read much concerning discipline in var ious penal institutions. In one state (New York) we read where a great (leal of opposition Is met in an at tempt to modernize certain penal building and departments. In an other stute (Idaho) we read where the wurden of a penal institution was dismissed because of his so called lenient disciplinary policies; and in other stutcs we read oi prison rioting. Jail breaks, and at tempted breaks, of Os course anythin, that happens In, near, or about any penal institu lion in t*he country makes good newspaper copy and the various publications know it and do uol hesitate to headline all stories of this typo, yet it is very doubtful If even a very small minority of the writers portray conditions as they uctuully exist. In tact it is almost impossible for any writer to write concerning prison conditions in un Intelligent manner unless he has actually been Incarcerated In one. Certainly, nearly hulf of a life time will qualify this writer to know something of the actual con ditions In prison? I have served under many administrations and have observed the effect of their different policies on the multitude and on myself. I know of systems that have been so "tight" that the escape of one's breath would almost start a spontaneous combustion and l have known of that were so liberal that ulmost any one with the necessary money could do practically as lu> pleased. In both instances, .those extremes have proved most unsatisfactory. The system that is Invariably ‘tight’ is hound to produce a char acter that is unstable, false and do cietful, for such a system preys up on the weaklings who are unable to bear up under such strict discipline nnd they not only become "stool pigeons" in order to curry favor but resort to tactics that are far worse inusmuch as they invariably ford, made in a cell In Boston, to John Galleher, Loudoun county attorney, was admitted into the record by Judge J. L. McLemore Dean Houston cited Virginia court decisions to prove the con fession was inadmissnhlo first, bo. cause Crawford was not warned of his rights when he made it; nnd second, because Galleher’s own statement in the transcript shows veiled threats and reward. Mr. Galleher took the stand and test hied as to the confession. In tho sharp battle over this point, be fore a tense courtroom, Dean Hous ton usked Galleher: "Are you going to take all tho blood (of ( ruwiordl on your head?’ When the Judge admitted the confession. Dean Houston noted an exception. MANUSCRIPTS Typewriting, Criticism, Correction, Revision. Ser mons, Addresses and Special Articles Supplied. We Have A Plan to Publish Books by Negro Author*. THE LITERARY SERVICE BUREAU 816 Minnesota Avenue Kanat s City, Kanaaa manufacture lien which they tell | on their fellow prisoners ami while* llicMc lies might gain them some temporary advantage, in the eml j they produce only discontent, riot and murder, for u human being, even a prisoner will stand only so much and then he acts in his own defense, and to a man or as most often happens to a group of men confined behind steel anil atone, hey care little for their own lives and gain a dying satisfaction in avenging” the lying weakling pris oners and the ollielals who have pur tended them. Therefore, ordinarily when 1 read of the so-called "hail man” in prison usually sympaty- I l/.e with him for the actual facts seldom, If ever, get Into print. On the other bkl, the system that permits men s>f comparative wealth to enjoy every luxury |m agiucuble also produces its counter part In Jealomios envy and the sullen diaappro u! of the poorer classes who are t nnhle to buy for themselves the lit.le luxuries that ordinarily would muko life in priHon bearable und in time this group also rises up and rebels and we' read of some great prison riot, etc. and again the desperadoes are pictured us "bad men’ and the pub lie accepts them hh such but ugutn. I sympathize with them, for I well know what has caused them to turn upon their fellow-prisoners j and th idministration. The ideal system is one where! everybody, black or white, rich or i poor, have to comply with a most' rigid discipline routine but where j opportunity and privilege s grant-' ed to those who earn same through study, self-improvement, und a cap acity for acquiring the higher deuls and goals in life. Under such an administration we will tlnd men who are learning what it means to enjoy the respect of not only the officials but of the prisoners as well , and under such an adminis tration we will find prisoners who aro efficiently, loyally and sincer ely handling every assignment given them, and n better example of such a prison can bo cited than the one ut Jackson, Michigan Roosevelt’s Valet Honored For Humane Efforts Washington (CN’S) Irvin Mo* Duffy, valet to the President, and his wifo who is maid to the First Lady, were entertained at Howard Theatre the night of December 13, by a group of citizens In apprecia tion for McDuiTy’s efforts to have the President commute the death sentence of ('harles F.dward Wash ington. Washington was recently execut ed at the District Jail for murder ing a laxi driver. THE DETROIT TRIBUNE CHRISTMAS TALISMAN li) Alma liean Loving SYNOPSIS OF Ist INSTALLMENT Lorraine Parker, colored nurse at Van ami Miners Department Store, faces a lonely Christmas without her mother, who just died. She realizes the lonliness of n Christmas without husband or children. Years before, she had re fused a childhood sweetheart, who later went to the war and never returned. An old white lady, slightly ill, enters the hopltul department of the store and breaks the nurse’s reminiscences. ## # # (Continued from last week) “Im acting like a big bady and not ut all like a trained nurse should act, and she laughed, "What would my employer say? briskly rubbing thu old ladys forehead with a soothing lotion. Tho old lady answered quite tartly. "Aren't you allowed to grieve when your folks die? Yes, Lorraine replied, at home. “What nonsense, and the old lady gave a contemptuous sniff. "Did I understand you to say you were expecting your grandchildren for Christmas? uswcd Lorraine. The wrinkled old face lighted up like magic. "Yes, and a wonderful time they’l have." "How many have yu? ?” asked Lorraine conversationally, “Three,” answered the oid lad\ proudly, “Hetty, she's thirteen, Sue is eleven ami Hat Is seven, 1 wish you could see them,” she stopp' and and looked at Lorraine, “Are you married?” Lorraine turned away as if to get something from the little side table. “No, not yet” she answered. “Well, don’t pm it off too long? replied the patient philosophically, as she stepped down off the led. Lorraine did not answer to thi hit of advice. Instead she asked, “Are you feeling better. IJest be careful.” “I feel all right now. 1 was Just tuckered out I guess,” ami she reached for her hat, “1 must hurry, (lot to trim a tree yet.” She bustled about getting lit r bundles together. “Well, I lu»p“ you have a happ> Christmas?” smiled Lorraine as she helped the old lady into herj little black coat. “Thank you nurse, and the sumo , to you.j' Then she shook her finger at LorValne, Don’t or get what f said, marriage is the only career for a wonjan. My Tim and 1 were married over fifty years. 'She look ed around the room and Lorraine flooded the ward with light. j "Have you got every tiling?” T supposo so’ ‘she looked al Lorraine, then at her bundles,’ I wonder if you’d mind going down stairs and helping me into a faasi?” "t’ertainly I’ll help you,” and Lorraine picked up her bundles and took the old lady’s arm. They left the room Just as Frieda Seaborn entered hurriedly. "I’ll lie right back”, said Lor mine. ”(). K. with me,” Frieda replied airily. • Frieda made a disgusted moue at Lorraine's back. She haled tin little colored nurse Intensely. She bated Lorraine’s splendid poise, her well b-ed attractiveness and particularly she hated Lorraine’s standing in the stoss, 'I can't see why they make such a fuss over a Negro ” Frieda told her friends. ‘Why, all you can henr Is Lorraine this and Miss I’nrker that," and then Frieda's vole would raise to a crescendo as sht would »dd her parting shot tha indicated tlie last straw, ‘why even some of the white men tip their hats to her.” Frieda at heart was a virag.o. Lorraine and her patient made .heir way through the crowded lisles thronged with late shoppers. Hie store was beginning to assume that pivked over appearance. Toys wore tossed here and there In dis order. The garish and gawdy Christmas decorations were hang Ing torn and askew. Clothing was 'ailing from the racks as tired simp girls made useless efforts to place them back, only to have another shopper take them down again. Chattering, huppy children were running here and there, followed by anxious parents. One little hoy with the brightest of blue eyes wns busily winding a toy 'Micky Mouse.’ The old lady grabbed Lorraine's arm in delight. 'lx>ok nurse,’ she pointed, 'He look Just like my Pat,’ Then she idded with a touch of pride. "Only Pat Is much the best looking.” LARGE STORE Ju*t the Room and Location For A BEER GARDEN or other Business CaII—CLIFFORD 2033 W. S. FORNAY ‘1 Just know lie Ih/ laughed Lor raine indulgently. They made their w ay to the elev ators. Operators were calling the floors iu tired, weary voices. "Floors Please. Only to the sixth? Take the next elevator,” and their voices droned on monotonously. Clerks, floor walkers and others greeted Lorraine with smiles even though weary. One clerk said in a weak voice to Lorraine, ‘.Merry Christmas? What the heck. I’m nearly dead,” and she patted Lorraine’s shoulder as they passed. The old lady spoke dubiously. ‘I guess they are worn out.” ‘Worn out, indeed they are, an swered Lorraine as they stepped in to a waiting elevator. The elevator descended swiftly and Lorraine drew the old lady close to her as she felt her trembl ing. “I always hate to ri.le these things,,” she quavered nervously. "All over now’, Lorraine answer ed as they stepped out ami pushed heir way to an exit. Itows of waiting taxi cabs stood at the door. Lorraine helped the old lady into the lirst one. As the driver closed the door her patient called out, "Merry Christmas nurse, and don’t let next Christmas catch you unmarried." 'llii' young cab driver chuckled audibly as Lorraine laughed In con fusion and hurried back into the store, waving her hand at tilt; de parting taxi. As she stepped back into the brightly lighted store slip almost eollided with one of the clerks. “(•it, Lorraine. 1 was ust looking for you. 1 list carried the sweetest little colored baby up. to the emer gency, Looks to he about three years old. (lot lost from her parents and site was crying herself into a temporal lire..” “Was Frieda there?” asked Lor raine. “Yes?” answered the clerk in dis gust, ‘Hut you must know how that answer to tin imps prayer is” utcl she rushed away, calling before getting out of ear shot, that hahy is the cul« st I’ve ever seen.” Lorraine hurried for the elevator for she knew well what the clerk meant. Freda tinted to wait on Negroes. Lorraine tiad, on many occasions, , u euti tied to report Frieda to Mr. Miner for tier snipplsh attitude I Ward colored peupkje, but Frieda* usually apologized and Lorraine let it pass. Hhe disliked the dMngrceablo task of tattling on her associates. It would naturul.'y, cause comment and blood is thicker j than water. Many, no doubt, would bclfeo she had got Frieda discharge I ed through spite. Lorraine rushed from the elevat or und started for the emergency room. As she opened the door she heard Frieda's voice, it was seeth ing with lvitred. "Shut up, you little black imp,' a resounding smack followed, Lorraine quickly rushed into the room. She stood over I- rleda, her face livid ’ ith rage, while the baity was writhing and shaking with convulsive suits. Frieda. White with fear, took re-j fugo against the wall.-. When Lor raino spoke Iter voice was furious, out cold as j Ice. Frieda, you’re through. Tills is the last straw. I'll report you to Mr. Miner j immediately.” "No doubt Mr. Miner will believe anything you say,’ and Frieda s lips curled in ft sneer. 'l’ll not argue with you Frctda, you're not Aorth it. Besides, everyone in this .tore knows you and what >ou «tand fur.’ Over Frieda’s face came all the bottled up hatred for Lor raine and when she spoke, her voice Aas choked with its intensity. ‘And everyone knows what you stand for. You and Mr. Miner, with als talk of paying you for your atlter’s service. Its Just a stall and 'Lorraine’s hand flew out. I hero aus a scream from Frieda as she (’ell against the bed and rolled to tho floor where she lay moaning too frightened to move. Lorraine stood over her fallen foe, breath ing heavily with pent up anger. Months and months of Frieda's in- j science -t-ndure with good natured contempt. Tho slurs on her race gathered and b tied like molten lava. “F iila Seaborn, (or months I’ve put up with you. I’ve protected and lied for you so you could keep your position. Weeks ago I could have had you tired. You seem to forget that I’m In charge of this emergency room, you’re low,” and Lorraine's voice Ailed with bitter loathing. 'You're too contemptible to breathe the same air with decent people." As Frieda started torise. Lor; 2146 St. Actolna. Cor. C 6 MIRRORS Did you ever think nL tho use of mirrors daily life? Mirrors and vanity are oti* tr associated _with each other when one* is looking at some one else, but very few will toler ate even for a moment the idea of personal vanity when they are looking into a mirror. How often one secs a woman open her vanity bag and look into a mirror. What does she say? Usually it is, “Why, I am u perfect fright!" In dressing one uses a mirror to make one’s self appear presen table to others, a perfectly fine and unselfish idea. School teach ers in the primary grades are most emphatic in their efforts to im press on the child’s mind the ne cessity of being clean and tidy, so they urge the use of the mirror. Many a mother has Baid, “John ny, just go and look at yourself! What a dirty face!" Often John ny, looks and commences to laugh and probably says to himself. “Isn't it fun to he a fright?’’ Dirt is im material to him, so the mirror gives him enjoyment. For safety's sake father must have a clean mirror when he shaves. Mother also must use the mirror If she is to keep clean and neat to set a good example to the children. When father gets Into his auto lie ,carefully cleans the little mirror in front of him, Not be en use he is vain, but because he wishes to drive safely. Why then are people so afraid of another setting them look In a mirror? Is it not because they are afraid that people will think them vain? To put it more accurately, they are not afraid of what they think other people might he think- raino reached out and dragged the frightened girl toward her, shukiug her ruthlessly until her long brown hair fell like w rithing snakes about her shoulders and the w hite nurses cup fell to the floor. "Get out of my sight. Out of re spcct for the store I'll not hurt you, but,’ and Lorraine spoke the words Vehemently, 'll yon ever see me anywhere outsic< look out,” and she pushed Frieda from her. Frieda stumbled sooldng from tlm room. Lorraine turned back to the baby. I She was sitting up in the bed, her clear brown eyes wide with wonder Her tiny white tam was tilted on the side like a saucy little fairy. She held out her hand to Lorraine. , Lorraine, with a cry of delight. picked her up and hugged the baby \ elose. Something sweet and won derful stirred her heart to its depths "I like you,” she to\d lxir— mine with a bright smite. IH> you darling?” and Lorraine ran her fingers through the silky black curlH. Where had she seen those clear brown eyes before? Christmas eve, the time all tho world is glad. Mow could she have thought she could put love out of her life and be happy? Lorrnine wondered nbout the future. What did It hold for her? The door opened slowly and a man inquired, "Is this the emer- gency room? "Daddy,’ the baby screamed gleefully. Lorraine whirl ed around. There was a strange ringing in her ears and she trem bled violently. There was an instant of awed silence, and the man, with a broken cry strode toward her. "Lorraine.” "lions.” Life’s curtain rolled back and Lorraine Parker and Iloss Davis were again in their springtime. Flowers bloomed and the birds snng their songs. Forgotten were the misunderstandings. Love held the spotlight. "Oh Lorraine, after all these years,” breathed Koss as he held her close. "Itoss, it can’t be true You’re not real. It must be a dream then a hurt, baby voice pouted, 'Daddy, Lorraine was losted,” and she began to cry. In Lorraine’s eyes was a ques | Call -- JOHN LAMBRECHT FOB GOOD COAL & COKE ! j WELFARE ORDERS ACCEPTED And PROMPTLY FILLED We Accept City of Detroit Scrip | •• •• 1836 Mullett Cad. 8338 what *. While con»tw ** mirrors, some onts long they have been search has not found out as t Perhaps the earliest mirrors were quiet pools of water. This is in dicated by the following proverb in Chinese literature, quoted by a writer as early as the eleventh cen tury before Christ: "One should not have one’s own image reflect |ed in the water, hut one should have other folk’s image reflected." In the third century before Christ the Chinese philosopher Han-Fei- Tzi is quoted as saving: “The an cients knew that the eyo is tod short to sec one’s for which reason they used a mifror to see their face; and they know that their Intelligence was too limited to know themselves for which rea son they used the TAU (Lau-txi method of reasoning t to correct themselves. A mirror in which owe does not see the flaws in one’s face in like TAU (or a philosophy) b> which one is not enlightened on the wickedness of sin. If the eye has no mirror, it has no means of straightenening up the hair on tho temples and eyebrows; If man’s self has no TAU, he has no means by which to know his errors." So, instead of governing our selves by the fear of what somrf one might say or think, would- If not be hotter to make a standard of perfect behaviour as given us bV the life of Jesus, the Christ, and day by day, in every way raise ourselves into a better, finer und nobler plane of living? tion, as she drew herself from Loss’s arms. 'She’s motherless, Lorraine darling. Won’t you tako my baby, ” and Loss’s tone was oh so tender ar he added, ' and’ me? Besides, she is your namesake.” Lorraine could not answer. Just stood with eyes closed holding little Lorraine tight to her breast. "Lorraine, won't you come hack to California with us? Wo need you so.” Still Lorraine was silent. Loss turned away with a despair ing getsure. "Forgive me, ater all these years theres bound to be someone else,” his voice trembled with pain, “hut no one can love you as I do. I nl- way will.” Lorraine reached out and touched his arm gently. "There U no one Ross dear, but you.” • With a cry of Joy Ross swept Lor raine and the baby into hi* ar’OSi whimpering words of Jove, like wafer from broken flood gates, they rushed in torrents from his heart. A tiny voice piped up, slightly smothered, "Daddy, did you tell Santa Claus about mo?” "Os course daddy saw Santa Claus,” whispered Lorrtfnefes" kissed the tip of the bay’s little brown ear, while Ross tweaked her bit of a nose like a happy school boy. ‘Thats why I laid over here today fooling with this little lady, "and he laughed blissfully. 'She’s our lucky charm, Iloss. Tho closing gong struck, and war followed by rushing feet and clos ing elevators. Squeals of pleasure and somewhere a happy voice call ed out.” a Merry Christmas to everybody.” 'Thanks, and the same to you,” said Iloss as he leaned down and swiftly kissed Ixirraine, knoc king her perk little nurse's cap awry. End NOTICE All reporters for the Trlhnne nre requested to send In their news typed or written In ink, with wide spueing between lines, and writing on one side of paper only. All ■ones written In long.hand shonld ho printed, so ns to enable the of fice to reprodnee them correctly.