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The Cecil Whig. [volume] (Elkton, Md.) 1841-current, March 18, 1848, Image 2

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'jTlsc* Trcr.ty,
TlieTi-nitty between Ibis Hoverment ami
Mexico, was valitieil with amendments by
file I'. S - Senate, oa Tuesday the lOili insß
The vote for the ratification stands as fol
Aves —Messrs. Asliley, Atlierton, Bagby,
Bradbury; Bright; /Jutlev, Callioitn. Cameron-
Cass, Jelferßcm Davis. Dickinson, Dix,
Downs, Felch, Foot, Hannegan, 11 mi ter,
Herschel Johnson. Mason, Moor, Niles, Rusk.
Sevier, Sturgeon, Turney, Vnlee, Locomco.;
Del!, Clarke, Crittenden, .lolm Davis, Day
ton, Reverdy Jolinson, Mu'gtini, Miller,
Underwood. Whigs; Hale, Abolition B7.
Nays—Messrs. Allen, Alebiscnt, Fenton,
Freese, Douglass, Lewis, We.-teolt. Locolo
cos : Badger, Baldwin, Ilonien, ( orwin,
Greene, Sproance, Upham, Webster, \\ tiigs
Four Senators were absent, namely:—
71/essrs. i’iielps, Pearce’, Clayton, Whigs;
Houston. Loco.
The following is the article of the Treaty
in relation to the Boundary lino.
The lioiinilary ling between the two re
publics shall commence in the Gulf of Mex
ico, three leagues from laml, opposite the
month of the Rio Grande. odierwbo called
Rio Ilravo del Norte, or opposite the month
of its deepest blanch, it it should have more
than one branch emptying directly into the
sea; from thence up the middle olthat river,
following the deepest channel, where it has
more than one, to the point where it strikes
the southern boundary of New Mexico;
thence, westwardly, along the whole south
ern boundary of New Mexico (which runs
noith of the town called Pnso.) to its wes
tern termination, thence northward along
the western lino of New Mexico, until it in
tersects the first branch of the river (Pda: (or
if it should not intersect any branch of that
river, then to the point on the said line
nearest to such branch, and thence in a di
rect line to the same:) thence down the mid
dle of the said branch and of the said river,
until it empties into the Rio Colorado, thence
across the Hio Colorado, following the divis
ion line between Upper and Lower Califor
nia. to tho Pacific Ocean.
The southern and western limits of New
Mexico, mentioned in this article, arc those
laid down in the map, entitled “ Vdy' <>J the
Uiiitul Mcxioui Stales, an ori'/iiuzed (tiuliir-t
Jhicil ly' riinnrs nets of llu (A n grrvt ql sniil
re/nth/ic, and onilruclcil nrenrdnu> to the bed \
nulhnriliff, Piri:"! edition. Published id
New York, in I—l7, Ly J. Did,•■'.null."’ C~.
winch map a copy is added to this treaty,
bearing tho signatures and seals of tho un
dersigned plenipotentiaries. And in order
lo preclude all difficulty in tracing upon the
ground the limit separating Upper from Low
er California, it is agreed that tho said limit
shall consist of a straight line, drawn from
the middle of the Rio Gila, where it unites
with the Colorado, to a point on the coast of j
the Pacific Ocean-distant one marine 1
league due south of tho southerrnost point of
the port of San Diego, according to the plan i
of said port; made in the year 1752, by Don I
Juan Pqntojer, second sailing master of the {
Spanish licet, and published at Madrid in j
the year 1802, in the atlas lo the voyage of j
the schooners SuliP and Mc.ricaiia, of which |
plan a copy is hereunto added, signed and j
scaled by the respective plenipotentiaries. !
In order lo designate the boundary lino
with due precision, upon authoritative map ;
and to establish on the ground land-marks
which shall show die limits of both repub
lics; as described in tho present article-' the
two goverments shall each appoint a com
missioner and a surveyor, who before the
expiration of one year from tho dale of the
exchange of ratification ol this treaty, shall
meet at the port of San Diego, and proceed
to run and mark the said boundary in its
whole course to tho mouth of the Rio Bravo
del Norte. They shall keep journals and
make out plans of their operations; and the
result agreed upon by them shall be deemed
a part of this treaty, and shall have the same
force as if it wore inserted therein. The two
goverments will amicably agree regarding
what may be necessary to these persons,
and also as to their respective escorts, should
such be necessary.
The boundary' lino established by this ar
ticle shall be religiously respected by each
of the two republics, and no change shall
ever bo made therein, except by the express
and free consent of both nations, lawfully
given by the genera! geyermont of each,
in conformity with its own constitution*
Great Loss isy Fire. — Four Steamboat*
ami two hurprs destroyed. —A telegraphic
despatch from Pittslnng to the New Fork
Herald, announces the following;—
Accounts from St Louis inform us of
the destruction by fire of the steamers
Avalanche, Hibernia, John G. Hardin,
and Laclede, together with two barges.
The loss sustained by the owners of the
boats will amount to fifty thousand dol
lars. Their cargoes were large and val
uable, on which there was twenty thou
sand dollars insurance. The John G.
Hardin aftd other boats had only six 1
thousand dollars insurance on them. The
fire originated in the Avalanche. The
steamers Kudora and Charter Oak barely |
The following maxim of genuine Chris- ;
tian philosophy is attributed to Abdel-Kader;
“The other world is as to this like the ea-t
to tho west we cannot approach the one i
without turning away from the other.'’ I
The Rev- W. Throp has effected an im- '
pmtant improvement in tho Davy lamp for
mutes, by means of which live times as i
much light is afforded, and the danger from
t <,e removal of the gauze is obviated. ;
Bleu nevhassett’s Irlanil, on the Ohm river 1
is for sal e—price (M 2 t- 1 ■' This i the spot
of which Wirt made -nicli a Paradise in his
speech at die famous Bair liial.
A Post Office has Been established at
Clermont Mills, llariccd c unity, M 1 , and
James Gcmmili appended Poilmastci- e
ygjcrtr'mt-xatt-ff ■ 'rvzf.nr;.uctawi *- tu '
iltiKToM .Wrf.
Saturday March 18 1848-
S 3 ti r y <P Sa>' .
“Man’s Immortal till bis woik is done.”
Ms*. j’laj- aiu? Wefis-TaySar
The apparent division in the Whig
party in regard to their next candidate
for the Presidency, is a subject of gratu
lation and comfort lo the locofocos, who
heme from these dilferences to reap ad
vantages which niv again throw the
•rovernment into their hands. That the
separate claims of Clay and Taylor are
urged strenuously by different sections of
our party is beyond a doubt—that each
of them have indiscreet advocates, is
equally true, but that the main object
the parly has in view in the next canvass
will be lost sight of in personal prefer
ences, is not possible. There is a dispo
sition in the Whig party, and abroad a
mnng the people to hurl this adminis
tration from power, and whether the
candidate who opposes it be Clay or Tay
lor, we are confident he will be success
That portion of the Whig party prop
er who advocate tho nomination of Tay
lor, do not do so because they “love C lay
less, hut that they love their country more ”
They have seen Mr. Clay defeated when
the chances were promising and hope
was high, and they fear tho result with
him again. They' believe Taylor to boa
“Henry Clay Whig,” and think him
stronger with the populace. They have
Ino doubt ol his success, and therefore
j they advocate him. In doing so they
Ido not compromise their Whig princi
ples as the locofocos allege—but eh nos.-
rather (as they think) to have a leader
sure of success, than one they personally
prefer, but under whom they wouhl go
with some doubt into the contest.
The Inends of Mr. Ciay on (he other
hand, believe him to be more identified
with Whig principles than any other
j man—they believe the whig party and
• the country are under great obligations
jlo him, and that the intelligence of the
j people has been sufficiently aroused as
! to the errors ol locofoeoism, to carry
L -
• ! him successfully through the campaign,
i These views, taken iu connection with
j their love fur tho man, induce them to
I adhere to him with tenacity.
! The Whig National Convention will
nominate a candidate—he will be oneot
tho great ni'•:• white names stand at the
head of this arliel and the other will
not oyjinse him. Tr, Mr will not. bean
inclepemfi lit candidate. So that which
ever is the man wo have no fear of tin
result. The cause of each is a common
cause. Tho friends of each are engaged
in a common crusade against the “pow
ers that be”—the weak and wicked loco
foco administration, and they will enter
(ho contest with a surety of success.
The divisions in the locol'oco party’,
in regard to their Presidential candidate,
are more numerous and more serious than
any in the Whig parly —likely, indeed,
to damage them more, than ours to dam
age its. So that taking a general view of
the prospects ol the two parties, the
whigs have the vantage ground—have
reason to be proud of their position, and
reason especially to bo proud ol their
(Jj’We referred last week to a speech
made by Mr. Evans. We have not been
able lo got a report of it, but something in
relation to it will be found in die letter from
the Baltimore Patriot, on the first page.
OgrTho Treaty as amended by the Sen
ate lias been forwarded lo the Mexican Gov
ermont. Hon. Ambrose 11. Sevier, U. S.
Senator from Arkansas, has been appointed
commissioner of the United Stales, with the
rank of envoy extraordinary and minister
plenipotentiary to the Mexican Republic to
conclude the arrangement on the part of tins
country. Robert M. Walsh of Pa. is bis
Secretary of location.
Mr. Ci.av. This distinguished citizen ar-■
rived in Baltimore on Thursday afternoon.
He declined a public reception, on account
id the fatigue it would cause to him— i
having been worried, out by ids journey lo ;
Now Voik.
Attention is called to the portion of Mr.!
Boll’s address found in another column, in I
regard to tho availibilily of Mr Clay.
iJ/"William M orton lias been appoin-!
ted Postmaster at Principle iu this coun-I
Iv, in the place ol Gen. Stilus resigned, i
llu- locofocos have elected their Gov
ernor in New Hampshire.
jji.. n.".~ctt-.-* 1 •- ri •'- 7r * T
are indubtod (o Mr Ccorgi- M- ] i
Palmer ol' Baltimore, whose adver- ] 1
tisement will he found in our columns,!
for a box of most excellent cigars-so they j,
are pronounced by our smoking friends, j t
for we dont use them ourself We rec- j I
j omineml his establishment to our Mer- i'
| chants. Mr. Torhert has now his cigars ■
j and celebrated snutf (or sale.
1 En.irsK.--Tlio sun will undergo occulta-:
fmn on Monday morning next. Those who 1
would fee it must rise early.
Hon- II race Mann has been nomina- '
| led hv the whips of the Slh Dist of Mas- i
: ■ sachuselts to till the vacancy caused by j
’ ! the death of Mr. Adams - ;■
, ! IMr. Sevier the newly appointed com
.l missiom r to Mexico, has been taken so- ;
,' riously ill.
’1 ,\>w I'lihlifiUim:.. —AVo have on our table a
■ number of new Magazines in , which wc can
(•'merely tills week. Oraham’s Magazine,
( t'niuii Magazine, Dwight’s American Magazine,
I : Southern Literary Messenger, Zuibor’a Songs
s c„r Uifi /'i'o|i!e, KwbanU’s Hydraulics, Yeung
II Ladies’ Chronicle and many pantalets, cata
;! ' fugue* tie, tic., lor vvlueli tlio publishers and ,
- senders have our thanks.
Domestic Jhlinuils. —Wo are indebted to C. M,
- Saxton, I'ublishor, 805 Broadway, Now York,
- for u cojiy of a History oftlio Domestic animals,
, | poultry ttn., by U. L. Allen. It treats ol their ,
inanagemotil generally, and in our opinion is a ;
very important work to agriculturists.
Fur The Cecil Whig. I
Mr. Editor:
<1 The Legislature of this Slate
’ adjourned as you are aware, on the 10l h
,! imst. Of the many subjects brought he
| fore that body, perhaps none was so pro
' i duclive of interest as tlm “Snsijiiehanna
1 Bridge ]'iil.” This Bill, asked fur by
a the Phil. Wil. N. Balt. Kail Bond Co.,
a I was advocated by the citizens of Havre
(l de-Grace, by some of lh< citizens of Ce
cil, located on the line of the company’s ’
1 , woiv-. and by a portion oil he citizens'
’’ of Baltimore. Many influential legal
- gentlemen, and a gnat iv uihcr of private
■ i gentlemen were engaged in pressing this 1
! subject upon the members of both
I I In th ■i! jnse, Messrs Owens, Duckett,
r) i Chigelt, Brady, Bias and others, were its
i advocates; and in the Senate, Messrs.
' Cure and Blackiston.
I I Gteat efforts were made by the advo
cates of the Bill, both in the House and
r out of doors. Ma. Jamah, almost single
d handed and alone, battled against this i
g! measure in the House. His industry,
( .; ingenuity, and ability proved sufficient ]
s for the contest. His first policy was a
, motion to strike out the enacting clause
1 of the Bill—on which he obtained the
• enormous vote of 35 to 13 His next
I, motion was to amend the Bill, by a sec- |
u tion jiroviding lor a capitation tax of '35 I
lets and making the company liable for 1
| all positive and consequential damages;
1 which amendment he carried by a vote
f of 33 to The Bill then came up in
. its (Inal passage, and was lost, yeas 37,
I nays 33, — Por the purpose of clinching
1 the nail, (hen driven, Mr. .Lunar, moved
1 ito reconsider the vote, pending which
“ motion the House adjourned. When the
•, House again convened, the motion to
, I reconsider was taken up and lost by a tie
j 1 vote, 3s, to 33. Three victories were
thus achieved by Mr. Jamar in one
On the next day the friends of the 1
r “Bridge” succeeded in gelling a bill un
der another title introduced into the Sen
ate, which Bill, was on motion of Mr.
’ i McCullough, amended so as to require
> I the payment of I 5 cts. for each through
i! passenger, and the Company to Bond,
I lor the payment of all positive and con
j | sequential damages, that might result, to
} the property holders above, by the erec
i lion o( said Bridge—and thus amended it -
•. passed by a vote of 13 to !>. A motion
■ was then made by (lie friends of th ■
j Bill to reconsider, with a view to strike
nut the amendments as offered by Mr. i
1 McCullough. This motion was laid up
on the table, and the fnemis of the Bill
were unable to take it up again, until
1 the next morning—which was the last
1 day ol the session.
i On the Senate refusing to consider the ;
i vote, the Bill was sent to the House and
referred to its appropriate committee.
The Chairman asked leave instanter to
■ report the Bill. Mr. Jamar objected, as
. under’lhe rule ol the House, it had tu lay
over one day, unless the rules were sus
pended to allow the gentleman to bring
inhis hill. The Speaker announccdthat to ,
■ be the decision of the chair. A resolution i
■ i was then offered in the Senate, to send a 1
J message tothe i louse, asking the House to 1
j take up the Bridge Bill, and giving it
' j preference over any other hill, before , i
| the House. Said resolution did not pro- >
| vail.—The same effort was made in the
j Senate once or twice afterwards with no i
better success j 1
Jn the House, Dr. Owens argued, that
though the rules ofthe House, might he j
in accordance with the decision ofthe |
I chair—yet the constitution went behind n
i the rules—and provided for such cases,
las was then before them—and took an jt
I appeal from the decision ofthe chair, \
I calling upon the friends of the Bill to -
sustain him in his appeal, This was to •;
ihe a test vote; for had a majority re- *j
I versi'd tlm decision, of the chair a major- ; j
| ily, could have then taken up the bill (
j and passed it. Mr. Coad in an able and 5
j masterly manner replied to Dr. Owens; 1 3
j after which the chair put the question— t j
j “Shall the decision of the chair, stand as ! c
' the decision of thu House.” Forty-three' 5
■ jßiau^—nag.irwag.hhul'M wjemrnm
members, out of some sixty that were j t
present, rose upon their feet. !j
So large a vote, drove terror into the t
ranks of the Bridgeitcs, and they fell ,
they had lost strength in the House and v
their case was hopeless. The battle was 1
bravely fought, and the victory (of the ,
j defeat of the Bill) was gloriously won. 1 1
While to Messrs McCullough, Cather *
I and Miller, should he awarded great ! |
I praise, for the manly position taken and j
! maintained by them; yet to them we are i i
I sure it will not he offensive, to say that j;
1 to Mr. Jamar, mainly is to be attributed C
the glory. As the building of a bridge j]
| by the J>. R. Co., could not to any great i
! extent have honefilted any portion ol
i Cecil countv, and as it would have been
Uiost destructive to Port Deposit, and in
j jurious to the upper sections of the cottn
| (y, Mr. Jamar, has laid the county
general! v, under obligations to him—and
i especially, will he receive as he has
richly merited the warmest gratitude of
all parties in
Fur The Cecil Whig-
Ten<•■• Axsocialsow.
Mn. Ricketts, Sic:
7 learn by your last paper
that a second Teacher's Association, lias
i been formed in Cecil county. This sir,
jisas it should bf. These teacher's asso- ■
elating are the mainspring of Education
al improvement, and 1 hope that the
time is not far distant when every teach
er in Cecil county will become connect- j
ed with tin in i hope similar ones may i
i he funned in different parts of the couu-,
ty. . , |
To carry out more effectually the ob
jects ofthe associations, i would propose |
j to my Fellow Teachers the organization
|of a general county association to he
' called The Cecil County Teacher’s Insti
tute, which shall convene at Elklon
semi-annually at the time during the
spring and fall sessions ol the court, at
wlii ;h lime business calls most el the leach*
ers to Elklon \\ ill our friends ui Elklon
lake ihe matter into consideration and pro
vide a place for holding such a meeting, and
lot the inslinitioii he oruanize3 during the i
next April session of Court The day lut>
gone by in Cecil County when the teacher ,
can sit quietly down and fold his hands ami
sav my school hours are past and 1 hate
nothing now ,o do. A great work is io our
hands, but energy and persevcronco will
head to certain smve-s ai d glorious results. 1
! ami never can we rest until we sec the school
house doors thrown open to every child in
me county and. every teachers desk occupied
by the tine and faithful notary of his pro- |
fession ;
Port Deposit. P>- IMIr-AfU.
irj-’tVo arc indeliled to Hon. Jolin M. Bolls |
for n copy of bis address “To the M legs ol \ ir
gjnin,” in opposition to the opinion of the W big
Convention lately held in Uiclimond, which re
eoimncnded (Jen. Taylor for the Presidency.
\Vo oxtracl the following tins week; —other o.x
--| tracts will he given
Aye. he is not only stronger in Kentucky, lint
ho is stronger in every State than any man that
can bo started or named in the 1 nited Stales, as
was shown in convention hy tabular statements ;
Ho outran, in ISM, every man of Iho Whig
; party, in every Stale, helore and since, whether
hr President. (inverimr, Congress, or anything
11 is vote in IS 11 he it (tenoral J larrison's j
in 1810; In IVnrsylvnni a. I. I m New York,
1i.0.i" ;in (Jhiu, S.im ; ; in \ i g-inia, LI 76; in New
Jersey, -1,907; in Maryland, -LIL; in Rhode
Island, J, I“ I; in (Vimi'-innL 17: in Georgia,
I,S 1 gj’in Delaware, in Kentucky, .’,'9o; in
Michigan. 1,30.1; n Indiann a. d.SCi; in l.nuis
ianna. 1,0'7; in Missouri, 7.10 J ; and yet they
101 l us he is net strung umirh to run again, and
it is on.nosed to throw away, a second lime, such
a ehiinec as lie hail in 18-10. In the oilier States
1 where (tenoral Harrison heat Mr. Clay, Ihey
|, o l carried them or both lost them, and thore
lino it made no dillercnco. Anil when genlK- j
i,mn ask il Ills chance is any holler now Ilian wo
Ihonnhl it in is 11, we answer, no; hilt il is a :
greaT deal hotter than we thought Harrison’s in
!SJO; amid the condition of the country, and the
1 stale- of the public mind, now corresponds with
that of IS 10, and not of IS 11. The people now
(na Han) are ri/ir fur c/noigr, ml ihtcnniiiul on
reform, oral we can elect any good Whig we
eliooso. So in Virginia, where il was chtiaa-d in
eoavention that Iho great accession ui Whig
r strength, as exiuliitcd in the result of (he cle-e
--tions liir niemiiors ot I.'oagress ami ol the Slate (
: u-aislaturo, last spring, had shown Ids weak- {
ness ami (Ira. Taylor's strength, it was demon
strated Unit Mr. ( lay onlran every member ol
Congress, in their own distriels, except two, nml
his inrarcaato vole was between 8 and 7,000
moieMian that of all the Whig eamlah.tes for
Conaress put toacther; and this is win.l they ,
call ’in-iikniss. Wo wish ho would imparl sinne i
of his weakness to a few more Whig candidates,
for Congress before the next election. ,
There is another element in this calculation
which seems to have been overlooked, and that
is, Unit the vole of Mr. Birney, added to Mr. | i
Clay’s would have nudo his majority, in 1841,
‘J3, -i 7l over Mr. Polk, and the probability is ,
that that vole will not he cast as heretofore, ho
canse they are now satisfied Mr. ( lay was rigid
on the Texas question, which they did nut then 1 i
believe. .'Aid il only requires a change of 3,000 .
votes in Pennsylvania to give him that .stale; j
the iron interest atone enn do this, to say nothing !
of the Catholic and Foreign vote, which may bo
and is certainly not us hostile to Mr.
Clay as it was in IS M. j i
Mr. Fillmore is regarded as a strong man in {
Xow York, and so was (Jov. Young at the lime
of his eduction. Lotus sec how the account I
stands. Last fall Mr. Fillmore’s vote was 17 1,- j 1
75(’, and his majority in the Slate was dS,7 J‘J, 1 t
and in IS 16, (Jov. .Young’s vole waa 108,818, |
and yet, Mr. Clay’s vote in is 11, was 232,182. j
What evioence of weakness tiiis 1
In Feiuisylvania, in 1841, Shlink’s vote was' 1
100,103, Markle’s vote 150,120. In 18-17, . 1
Shunk’s vote was 146,11 I, Irwin’s vote (run- r
ninic on (4cn. Taylor’s strength) was 128,138;
and in 1844, Mr. Clay’s vote was 101,203; in
Maine, the vote lor Ciovornor, in 1847, was 2 J,- i
301, for Mr. Clay 31,378; in Connecticut, lr. t
for Governor 30,137, for Mr. Clay 32,832; in j v
Vermont, for Governor 23,333, lor Mr. Clay
kid,7 70; in Massaehusells, lor Ur lira’s, Governor, J
•,;;,743. Ihr Mr. Clay 07,005); in Rhode Island, ( 1
f.r Governor 0,803, for Mr. Clay 7,32 2; in New : ll
Jersey, for Governor 32,251, lor Mr. Clay, 3S,- :
3IS; in Delaware, for Governor 0,012. lor Mr. j
Clay G,255; in (iuorgia, (or Governor 41,931, for -
Mr. (day 42,100; in Maryland, for Governor j H
33,730. j'or Mr. Clay 35,984; in North Carolina, ! n
|,o trroally outran the Conrre.ssional eand'ulalcsl, ■ j (
there was no election l)r Governor in 1 84 7; thus
every w.icre outrunning ull local candidates.
Nothing is proposed to be sol down tv the R
lions iiifiii at. issue, but all to Mr. Clay’s weak- 1
ness; nothiiii* to lliu Kino loiter, by wliieli Mr. I
Polk was miido to appear a betier Tariff man
than Mr, Clay; nothing is set down to tho Texas
question; nothing to tho Catholic excitement. I
which no longer exists; nothing is set down to \
the foreign influence, which is now with us; j
nothing to the Abolition vole; nothing to frauds
practised at the polls, by which he was supposed
to have been cheated out of Now York, Penn
sylvania, < Jnorgia, and Louisiana; nothing to the
prosperity of the country, occasioned by tho ac
tion of the Whig Congress of Mi, that had res
tored the credit of llio'Government, replenished
( its Treasury, and given encouragement to trade
land industry in Ml; but all is set down to his
I want of strength; and on the other hand, no cal
i dilation is made now upon credit, again impair-
I cd, the Treasury empty, a largo public debt cre
ated, and a ruinous and unnecessary war, for
winch our opponents are to be held responsible,
no calculation ot allowance is made for all this; 1
all principle is to he abandoned, and nothinghut
expediency and uvoiltihifity is to he consulted, and j
the champion of all our principles, the strongest
and most, available 100, is to be set aside, to take !
up a soldier of no experience in political life, j
upon the idea that the people are silly enough i
to he attracted only by the drum and life. Willi I
what consistency or propriety can wo condemn ,
Mr. /'oik for taking from the Senate a mere cl- 1
vilicn. as a Lieutenant General, to place over
experienced military men, and for looking to the
ranks of private life tor his brigadiers, (Mlonels,
Majors, kc., when we propose to loo!: to the
camp for u mere untilin' , who lias never occupied I
the humblest position in civil life, to take charge t
of tho affairs of this entire nation, foreign and !
1 domestic, to the exclusion of the wisest, most ex- !
pcrionccd, and must trustworthy statesman of
the ago. If availability and purl}' expediency
wjjl excuse us, will not pally expediency also
justify him? As vve condemned him, so we
i could not justify ourselves. Is Mr. Polk's po
, sition, as President, loss important and respon
sible than that of a Lieutenant General in the
Important fVniii TErxffo.
Gen. Scott's farewell to His Army.
The steamship New Orleans, Captain
Edward Auld, arrived at New Orleans
on the 7th instant, from Vera Cruz, hav
ing sailed thence on the 2d inst. We
yesterday received by telegraph an ac
count of the unfortunate attack by gue
rillas on Col. Biscoe’s train, further ac
| counts of which will he found annexed,
received by tiie Orleans, Irom the New
Orleans Picayune ol the Blh instant.
(Balt. Sun.
Our accounts hv the ship France left
Lieut. Col. Biscoe and a small command
■engaged with a parly of guerillas five
times their number. The issue was as
we anticipated, ih ■ guerillas were dis
persed, but not without severe loss on
, our part. The gallant Lieut. Henderson
and 12 men were killed on our side, and
the Mexican loss is supposed to have
been about (lie same. Col. Biscoe charg
ed tin- guerillas three several times. Ills
i teams are i aid to have stamp'(lni, and
,we regret to say that the Colom 1 was
| compelled to leave his killed and wound
ed behind and make his way to Cordova
His wagons,or tlm greater part ofihern
were burned: the mules were taken by
the guerillas Co! Biscoe reached Oriza
ba the evening of the 23d lilt,
' Mexico, Feh l‘>, Isis.
Yesterday Col. Jackson, hearer of des
p itches from Washington, arrived wit 1 1
a small escort from Vera Cruz, in six
days. Shortly after his arrival it was
known that he brought dispatches both to
Generals Scott and Butler, and the in
ference was at once drawn that the fir
mer was recalled, and the latter placed
in chief command of the army.
I 'i'll is proved true, and i lie los J you
will find the farewell address of the late
• goneral-inchief to the army, f! is brief,
pointed, and feeling Now that he is
leaving the scene of his glorious exploits
those who shared danger and victory
with him in many a great battle, weep
like children parting with a father lies
recall may possibly have an effect upon
j the treaty, should it ever he returned
from the Cnited States ratified. No doubt
the gentleman who succeeds him, will do
i all that he thinks his duty requires, hut
Gen. Scott had identified his lame with a
peace as the is ult of his operations in
Ibis valley, and would have exerted him
self more than any other man to firing
j the war to a close. He, too, from his
; longer residence here, has a bettor ac
quaintance with the Mexicans, and there
fore knows better how to op rate upon
Idem, it Is added, that the despatches
bring orders to restore the swords of Gen’s
Pillow and Worth and Col. Duncan. If
, I can, before the mail leaves, 1 will learn
the Certainty of this'.
Gen. Lane, with the same command
he had in his expedition to Tehancan
and Orizaba, left here about one o’clock
in the afternoon, day before yesterday.
; and look the Guadalupe road. The ex
pedition is a secret one, and many are
the conjectures as to its destination.
From the road taken, the most plausible
supposition is, that the General is after
Jarauta, or Rea. D. S.
We eopj from the American Slar of die
19lii ult, ttio following article in regard lo
General Scott's withdrawal from llio com
mand ol the army in Mexico in obedience
to tho orders of Ids Govennent, regretting
extremely dial the whole farewell address
of the Commander-In-Chief has not reach
ed us. It Inn, unaccountably, been lost,
Major Gun. Scott,——by retereuce to gen
eral orders il will bo seen that Gen. Scott lias
turned over the command of the army to
Major Gen. Butler. We promised lo inform j
our readers of this when olficially advised on
tho subject, and wo now do so though with j
regret- Although wo were told in Puebla!
that tho general had requester) to be relieved
when active operations ceased, vve were not |
prepared lo receive the news that such had
been tho ease. We lu not think dial cither
the Govorrnciit or General Scott’s iuclina
dons should take him from die army until a j
peace is made, lie lias accomplished so J
much, and against such great odds, that wo I
regret to see him part with his companions '
in arms, and vve have no hesitation in say- !
tug that such are lire sentiments of die ./met -:
icari array. It mallets not how accomplish- j
|od and gallant his successor maybe, under
j tho circumstances his place cannot be tilled,
] and if vve know Gen. Bu tier, vve believe that
j lie will echo that sontimon I, for he is not so
t weighed down by ambition as to applaud
i the call,although die act places him in conu
j maud of die proudest army in the world.
Windeld Scott, this morning, takes leave
officially of the armv, of that gallant baud
with which lie has carried his and their
names upon die highest poml of fame’s coN
umn. Many an eve will till with tears this
morning, whoa they read his hut order.
Even in ins short order ho pays die fol
lowing deserved compliment to Ids succes
sor—a brother officer, who was his compan
ion-in-arms in 1812, as he was here until to
i day.
j “In taking official leave of tho troops fie
I has so long had die honor personally to com-
I maud in an arduous campaign—a small
| part of whose glory has been from Ids posi
| don, reflected on the senior olficer—Major
General beolt is happy to bo relieved by a
' general of established merit and distinction,
in tho service of his country.’’
Of the Whig State Central Committee
r tiiti'j iiiiMi
At a meeting of the Whig Stale Central
Committee, held on the evening ol the 15th,
at Itanium's City Hotel, die following reso
lutions were adopted;
Wiikiie.vs, the Representatives of tho
Whig parly from all the Stales of this Union,
at present in attendance at tho seat of the
General Govennent, as well as the Whigs
of the State of Maryland, by their represen
tatives in iter Legislature- have decided in
favor of tiie expediency of holding a Na
tional Convention, for the purpose of nomi
nating candidates for the Presidency ami
Vice Presidency, in accordance with the
i j custom, which has always lieretolore pre
- J vailed in the Whig party:
- j AV.vri/cn/, That the Wnigs of tiie State at
•j large be respectfully requested lo acquiesce
• lu sard dei Lion, as important tojthe success
■; of their el forts, and vital to their existing pat
, ty organization-
Kciulrcd, That in view of the groat ttchiev
] inents, the prominent virtues, an.l die dis.
; tingnished patrioti-m of General Zaciiauv
1 T.vvi.oit. connected with his known and a
-1 vowed nttaelimcnt to die principles oi die
' Wi;i/ party, this Committee do recognize
- him as the candidate for die Cliiel Alnaislra
■ cy.most likely to ensure die approbation
> ami support ol the whole com.try.
t /.’, That ill accoi.'anee with (ho
i pm "ininemlation oi the U big members rif
' tiie Legislature, the \V logs ol lire city ol Bai
■ liaioru bo resper Lully requested lo assemble
' in their respective wards, on the second
1 .Monday in April next. to select delegatus to
■ a City Conventh-n. with power to choose
■ dele.ales to meet ia Slate Convention in the
city of Baltimore on die second Monday of
l May next, for die purpose ol appointing de'-
• egales lo lepicsent the Stale at the Whig
■ National Convention, to be held in Phila
delphia on die Till day ol June, lo nominate
candidates lor President and Vice President,
. and lor the purpose ot nominating electoral
i candidates for die next Presidential elec-linn*
Ucsolvcd, That tho Whigs of the several
counties be rcspecdnlly requested la assem.
i 1 it- at their several places ol meeting on (ho
- second Monday nf April ni x'. In elect dele
- gates lo die Whig Slate Convention to meet
1 in tho ci y of Bil'ininre on die second
Thursday of May next, h r die purpose of
i upp diitmg delegates lo the Whig National
■ C unvfmtiun and mini in ad ng electoral candL
, dales ior the next Presidential election.
7iVvi Irol, That a committee of seven bo
s appointed to prepare ami publish an Ad
dress to the \\ iii,; \ olois ot die S’ale, loitn—
, press upon diem the importance of union
- and concert, ami a strict adherance lo their
i 1 party organization, in die approaching can
i | vas ;-
L j I rider tiie last resolution. Messrs Thomas
) Swann. W illiam Chesmil, John P. Koimc
-1 d\ George K. Bangslon. Isaac Ala iron, Geo.
i Av. Spreckelsen, and Trueman Cross were
i ; appointed a committee to prepare ami pub
. fish an Andress,
b NKVITT STKKLK, Chairman.
;l I>. H. Coi.n.Mjx, Secretary*
Ihe V\ hi:! papers throughout die Stale
. are requested lo publish tiie above proece
i , dins*!.
, S Jmcout.ixt to Mauvi.anii Ornre Hot,-
r unit®. A corrcspnndcnt of the Hagerstown
Herald lias hunted up tin-Article in die Con
stitution providing for the appointment of
Magistrates ami other civil oll’n-ers—from
| which it appears, dial not one of Magistrates
and oilier ntiicers appointed by the Governor
have been cim*lit'itinnuUy nppoia/o/! ’l'lio
I Hull article of the Constitution reads thus:—
,j - Aar. 49—Ail Civil Officers of the ap
pointment of the Governor: wiio do not hoKt
commissions during good behaviour, shall bo
, a,-poo, ltd nnnnitlli/ in Ihe third week uf Janua
ry’, but if any oftbern shall be re-appointed,
, they may continue load witliout any now
, | commission or qualification; and every offi
, j ter, though not re-appointed, shall continue
, to act until die person who shall be appoint
, ed and commissioned in his stead be qualL
; tied.
Gov. Thomas’ Appointments were not
made until a month after the lime prescrib
, cd by die Constitution; and may, therefore
be regarded as uneouslilutionul.
Shameful.—lt is said lluit (fie New
Haven N Hartford 11. It Co, not only
charged the Congress committee having
charge of Air. Adam’s Remains the usual
j fare, but also charged freight on the
j corpse itself.—We hope the rumor will
; prove to boa mistake.
I The Irish. Ninety-five thousand
I Irish children arc said to he now receiv
i ing weekly rations from the British Re
| lief Association.
! The Governor of Massachusetts Iras appointed
1 l!io third -'fnext inuntli for the choice ofa
i Ki'irrcsoc 1 'ongress lu till llio vacancy
occasion - 1 ' of the Horn John (j.
i Adams

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