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For The Cecil Whig,
Stanzas Oh were it mine to own the love Of but one honest heart, 1 know the pleasure would reprove The shghtest wish to part. And should the envious world refuse To smile upon our joy, No poison should its hate infuse Which could that bliss alloy. Our love should live a hidden rose Unseen—on felt—unknown, Save by those in whoso hearts it grows Luxuriantly alone. Let me Ibrogo all earthly bliss To share the smiles of one, And feel linn I can have in this Still more then all 1 shun.—C. For Tkr Cecil fVhig Light Rciiding-'Novds. What are the advantages resulting to man or woman Irom reading the ten thousand fictitious works, or honks of fiction which flood the world and glut the market in this age of intellectual wonders, ambitious poets, and visionary novelists? Men ol science may be nu merous, but the name of Fiction’s vota ries is Legion. Science and the arts may he progressing, but the science of fic tion far outstrips its competitors, leaving them as far in the rear as the lightning telegraph of Morse- does the blustering locomotive. I’he arts and sciences mav exult in the power they have attained over the elements in reducing them to almost unqualified subjection to the fiat of man; but the whole moral univeise bids fair soon to acknowledge subjection and obedience to the fatal pen of fiction. We he.-.r of reforms in politics, and re forms in Government, but a far greater reform is needed in the field of literature. The phy-ical constitution of man is in great danger of becoming degenerated and enfeebled by the foreign ami cor rupted luxuries which the rules of fash ionable society prescribe for him to sub sist upon, but the natural food of the mind is far more corrupted and perverted, and this intellectual poison communi cates its own fatal properties to that plant of celestial growth which it pretends to nourish. Many have supposed that the deluge corrupted the vegetation of the earth and vitiated the atmosphere sur rounding the earth, and (hat these com bined effects have curtailed the duration | of human life, since the antediluvian I ages, to the present longevity ol man; but there seems to he a second deluge ap preaching, if it has not already arrived, upon the moral world which promises to be tenfold more fatal to mankind, for it affects not merely animal life but the life of the soul, and descends with its corrupting influence, from generation to generation, so long as paper or parch ment may bt preserved, or hereditary qualities transmitted. Experience, observation, or fancy has often presented to my mind the striking resemblance which the effects of novel reading bears to those ol intemperance upon the mind of man. That there are many points ol resemblance no one will deny. If intemperance enfeebles and degrades the intellect, torpities and be numbs all the faculties of the mind, sears and withers the fine sensibilities of the heart, then cramming the mind with (his miscellaneous trash does all this, and immensely more. It corrupts the c hain hers of the imagination and creates a mor bid appetite for tales of romance, ex travagant, fictitious storii s of tool-hardy adventures and scenes revolting to a no hie mind. It is in vain for the advocates of fic tion and novels to contend that such reading tends to refine the feelings, pu rity the imagination and prompt to philanthropic action. As well might they attempt to prove the moon to be made ol green cheese. The novel read ers may sigh, lament and weep over the fictitious woes ol the poet and novelist and yet feel no sympathy for the really distressed. They may enter the hovels of want and misery, but they do not lie hold the fanciful scene, the visionary spectacle which the poet and novelist had painted to their imaginations. They do not behold the genii of fancy or an angel clad in robes of refined purity with -mournful visage,sentimental sighs, down cast looks, weeping tears of nectar to melt (heir hearts to deeds of charity, 'I hey do not behold m every scene the beautiful maiden with angelic counte nance, or the man with goo-like mind, pouring forth in tones ol sentimental woe his complaint and relating misfortunes whic h belong not to earth. So; the scenes of woe and wretchedness on earth are stripped of all these sentimentalities and gilded trappings which the novelist has thrown around them. Thus nakedly presented to the vision, in sad reality, they fail to affect to charity him who had fed on novels, because the scene lacks the fictitious decorations, and he turns away disgusted with such vulgar misery. Let such readers throw aside novels and fictitious poems and go forth into the world, and they will see want dressed in plain reality, unadorned by the refined glitter which belongs to (he scenes des cribed by the pen of fiction and fancy. 1 h> y will see misery unmitigated, suffer ed by the plain man and the plain wo man, beings upon the earth, from (he earth, and o( the earth, not a-liel beings, dragged by the poet’s fancy down to earth from the third leavens,” A com mon tense survey of things as they actu ally exist will convince thim that poets and novelists do indeed often give to “ airy nothing A local habitation and a name" A little experience and observation will prove to them that the philanthropy which novels teach, dissipates all its fervor in sighs and tears and idle aspira (ions instead of reserving it lor execu tion ind effort; ill it novels dvMgn only 11l CECIL WHIG. VOL, VIII.- -No, 8 a luxurious enjoyment for the fancy and the imagination instead of a work and business for the hands. But wo are told that there are often good morals conveyed to the mind by novels which are eminently useful. But is it necessary to wade through a world ot trash in order to gain a little moral in-truclion! (’annul moral truths be in culcated without wading through so much chaff! Must the sublime princi ples of ethics depend upon fiction to recommend them! Is it the heterogene ous, murky cloud that bears upon its bosom the brightest rainbow! Or the corrupt fountain that yields the limpid stream! Does the accomplishment of noble purposes depend upon the exercise of vile means? May not noble ends bo attained by the use of noble means, and i moral truths conveyed to the mind! through other and better than a fictitious! medium? But who is rendered wiser and belter| by perusing constantly this world of miscellaneous literature! Is not the mind, and especially that faculty of the i mind, the memory, weakened bv cram-1 tiling it with this heterogeneous, undigest-1 ed moss! Some author has said and I said truly, that intellectual food needs to I be digested as much as animal (bod. A 1 man may lie eating all day and for want of digestion derive no nourishment from the food; so these endless readers may cram themselves with intellectual food. ! which, for want of digestion by rnmina- 1 tion and meditation, confers upon them* no advantage or mental improvement. 1 ime-devoted to reading such useless l matter is worse than squandered, infi nitely worse (hair spent in indolence. We know that inactivity obscures the I brightness of many a passing hour, but i time employed in the reading ot novels’ not only obscures the time and wastes’ the energies to all nolde action, lint there is a sling left behind the vigor of youth wasted ami abed of tortures pre pared for the mind of old age to repose upon. DELANO. KuuhinJsville. Srjjl. IMS. A FEW SIMPLE FACT.S’. It ha ß frequently happened that valuable lives have been lately lost by persons who have taken saltpetre (nitrate of polasbA by miciku for Glauber s or Eps on salts. The appea-ance, ami even the lasie of dree ar.. licles aro too similar to be readily distin linpt-ishcd by people in haste, or those who are not much in the habit of administering medicines. A very hide elementary knowledge of their chemical properties, which are extremely unlike, might prevent intense suffering, or even loss ol life Irom the effect of taking into the stomach sal'po- 11 e, instead of either of the intended haim less drugs: Therefore, when a dose ol Glauber's sal's is tube taken, and the box, or bottle is not ptoperly labelled, or a sus picion arises 'hat theie may boa mistake, ll row a small portion on some burning coal* and if no unusual appearance lakes place, | i( it only damps the fire, or crackles a litlle like common salt, it is the desired sails, which are incombustible, but if it is saltpe tre (one of the component parts of gunpow der, ) it will deflagrate or burn, with spark ling rapidity, and cannot be swallowed with out groat danger to health. If, however, lie mi-take is discovend 100 hue: give as quickly as possible, mustard and water, tin'll il acts freely as an eme:ie; and when die stomach is well cleansed, give (lux-ccd lea, mallows tea, or any other tasteless mucilage; and then administer, ii nectssarv, small doses of laudanum. Laudanum has often been given ly in experienced persons; or bv careless, or un piincipled nurses, instead of syrup of rhu barb, or Ollier (oinrnoii medicines, which it much resembles in col or and consistence As form as it is discovered, il the stomach pump cannot lie resorted to give emetics of mustard and water, repealed at shod inter vals, until all the laudanum is thrown off: keep the patient in motion to prevent sleep and then give some warm mucilage. In order to prevent the excessive, or 100 long continued effect of an emetic, give Peruvian bark mixed with water, or if that is not at hand, a cup of very strong lea without sugar or milk, ai d afterwards a few drops of lavender compound. The nausea can be relieved by lire application of a mustard plaster laid oierlhe ‘pit of die stomach,” made by mixing mustard with whiskey, or hot water and kept on until the skin becomes tod, or die burning ex treme, say fifteen or twenty minutes, ll left on too long, the blister becomes very sore, and is difficult to heal. A piece of very thin muslin, or gauze, should always he placed between the skin and the plaster to picvenl it from sticking, and to facili tate its removal. When arsenic, which strongly resembles magnesia, ha* been given by mistake, or with poisonous intent, /urge doses ot mag nesia speedily administered, will often prove an exellelll anddoto. If insects are taken into the stomach, their lives can l.e destroyed by swallowing strong vinegar, in which salt lias been dis solved. The air of a vault, or well, that lias long been shut up closely, is unfit tor respiration, andt is fatal to animal life, if taken into the lungs This i- owing to an accumulation ELKTON MD„ SATURDAY MORNING of cart onic acid gas, which being heavier than common atmospheric air, naturally sinks to. and remains at Kit bottom of the cavltv, and therefore isjnol easily delected. Such places should be entered with extreme caution, and the presence or absence of the noxious vaper ascertained, which can easily be done by lowering a lighted candle jto the bottom ol the well or vault. If It con i finite to bur.t freely, die air is fit to breathe ; and the p'ace nvty be entered with impu nity. but if it promptly extinguish a lighted candle, after tepealcd trials, danger lurks at i the bottom; and means nutsl be taken to expel the gas, before the life of a fellow | creature is exposed to certain deslruc’ioit. Tho knowledge oftlie distinction between ar teries and veins is one of the utmost practical ini parlance, particularly to people residing in dis tricts remote rroinsnrgie.il aid, where those who reee'vo serious wounds may actually bleed to death (fir want of such easily acquired informa tion The arteries are composed of no less than four very firm, strong, elastic membranes, nr coats; and Ibis, as well as their being generally deeply seated in Hie flesh, to guard I hum from injury, lenders them less liable to he hurl by ne-I cident; hot when cut, or wounded, the firmness I of these coals proven's their closing, and hence arises the fatal tendency of wounds, oflurge blood I vessels, which will remain open till tliev are tiud ; up, or till death ensues, Anotbet distinctive | eliar.iclei is. that the pulse of the heart is felt in j the nr lories only. The veins lie near tho surface; and bleeding from them may lendily he stopped, in common cm pcs, ly closing tho orifice and bandaging in i the inuni.et ustially adopted by operators after I having opened a vein in the nr.n. or foot. When a person, or animal, is seriously wonn- J ded, and a siiigcoii cannot immediately bn pro - | cuicd, ignorant by-slanders will often content themselves with laying on a li lie lint, or cob web, or some ollier trilling application, wholly inadequate to the case, lhey ought to know that when such remedies fail, and more especially when the blood flows from tho wound hy pulsa tory leaps, it should he arrosteo by mechanical I compression, until professional aid can be obtain ; ed. Th scm easily b? dune by the most igno- | runt person present, by winding a string, or bai> : dago tightly above the wound. Those more skill I ful, or b tier informed, may take up the severed arteiy,and twist, or tic it up. Benefit ot Limec.v Farm-. A corres pondent of the Fork (Pa.; Republican, | gives several instances of the extraordinary j improvement of farms in that vicinity by (be use of lime. In speaking of a portion of the country south of York, which was j called the Ba:rens, he says—“tbe farmers could not raise produce snliicient for their wants, and depended in a great degree, for supplies of grain upon the limestone rallies. They were consumers instead of p< odneers .” Lime having been applied to the farms thus Unproductive, a wonderful change; has been effected. The writer notices, in particular die improved condition of tho farms of Messrs, E ! ward Jessop, John Evans, and Jacob VVeiser. Of the first he says: ‘•Pome yeats ago this was a farm in ruin, worn out and unproductive. It is now through the enterprise and judicious man agement of the proprietor, become one of the most handsome and productive farms in the neighborhood. Abundant crops o! grain arc grown, and other produce, impro ved fruits of all kind* are there, and a Valu able Nursery, with improvements of every kind, that render it a pleasant and profita ble residence, which once wasone of the wasle places of the land. AH this has been done by tho application of lime, aided by manures which every farmer can secure! and make available by proper attention. ’’| A Good set or Puincipi.es.—The Phila delphia City Item puls forth the following set of principles, which, in our opinion, are infinitely belter than the principles of ,my polilical parly we have ever hear.! tell of— Inti, we wonder if Mr. Fitzgerald practices what he preaches! He say*, “Go to bed early and rue early. Keep your room well ventilated. Use cold water freely, externally and internally. Eat just enough. and lake your time to it, making yourjaWs and tee;h do their duty. Never get into a passion. If you have a dog send him to Mexico to join the Buffalo hunt Turn up your nose at ardent spirits. Main tain your imfepencoby keeping out of debt. Don’t lake an article if you have not the money to pay for it. Do unto others as yon would have others do unto you. If you can not speak well of a man let him alone, Be charitable. II you have no money you can I give kind and encouiagiug words. Aim to jdo good. Mind your own business. Make I home happy’. Vole for cheap postage Pay |in advance, for a good newspaper. Edu i cate yom children. Live within your moans j Laugh and grow fist.” j Shaking the Commonwealth.—Cist, ! ofthe Cincinnati Enquirer tells a capi i t:il story about a constable in Pennsyl vania. He had served a legal precept of some sort upon an old friend of his; who, greatly (trunk al the lime, rebelled against the law and its myrmidon, seiz ing the officer and shaking him almost to ! pieces. The parlies meeting a few days after, Jim, the offender, was profuse in his apologies. ‘ You know’, Jake,” said he, “I would not have served you so if I had been sober— it was the whiskey did it all. The official at last mollified and | relented, under Jim’s expostulations, j “As to the shaking, I don’t hear any mal i ice, nor valley it a cent on my own ac count; hut as an officer, Jim, recollect whoever shakes n.u, shakes the Comm oa . v'rrllh " SEPTEMBER 16 1848 Keep it before flic l*cop3c- Thai Genera) Casa was at one time a rank Fed eralist, and wore Iho black cockade to distill • guish him from iho Republican Party. Keep il before the People, I nat General Cass employed bis time while in Europe, in writing the praises of Louis Philippe, who"has sirmii been driven from France by his wronged and indignant subjects. Keep it before the People , Thai General Cass labored to plunge our coun try into a bloody, expensive, and terrible war with Fnglaml in Regard to Oregon. Keep It bcfoic the People, That General Cass was in favor of the war with Mexico, which has cost us ofdol la is, and thousands of valuable lives. Keep it before the People, That General Cass, contrary tn the spirit of our institutions, and the counsel of Washington; is in favor el making wr.r upon foreign nations for the purpose of robbing them of their territory. Keep it before the People, Tiiat General Cass voted a censure upon that brave old General Zachary Taylor, for the cap ! inflation at Monterey—and we dare any of his friends to deny it. Keep It before the People, ■ That General (’ass cannot get the vote of the I North, because lie is not sound on the subject of I slavery. Keep it before the People, ; That General Cass did not break his sword at i 1 I lull's surrender; but that Col. Mc.frthur was ; the man, and again we challange a denial. Finally— ] Tell il in Gath and publish il in the sir eels of Askelon; ! That General Cass has been seeking the Presi dency for years—that he has been every thing by turns and nothing long—that he is a caterer for public favor and would sacrifice the best inter ests of his country at the shrine of unholy ambi tion. Keep il before the People, Thai General Taylor is their candidate for the President*). Keep it before the People, That General Taylor is the man whom General Cass voted to censure for the capitulation of j Monterey. Keep it before the People, That Genera! Taylor is the hero of Fori Harri son, Okeo Chobee, Palo Alio. Rtsaca de la Pal ms, Monterey, nod ever-memorable Buena Vis ta, and that he has never lost a bailie, no matter what tlio odds against him. Keep it before the People, That General Taylor goes for the real Republi can doctrine, that all power is vested in the Peo pie, and that the President is only their agent. Keep il before tlio People, That General Taylor is opposed to making war to acquire Territory—that he t in favor of at lending to our own business and leaving Olliers fo do the same. Keep it before the People, That General Taylor will administer the Gov ernment in the ‘‘good old way” of Washington with an eye to tho interests of the whole Peo- ; pie, without respect to parly. Keep il before the People, That Genera’. Taylor, instead of seeking the Pres j ideucy, has devoted his whole life to the good of his country, that lie is a plain, honest, common sense fanner whose days have been spent not in the Palace of Louis Phillippc? —not among the proud aristocracy of Europe, not in the pleasure and luxuries of Washington city—but in the.wilds of iho tar west, in the savannahs of Florida, on the parched plains of Mexico, at the head of his gallant soldiery—with no couch but the hard earth, no covering but the broad canopy of the skies. And lastly— Toil it in Gath, publish it in Askelon. Thai General Taylor will receive tho vole* of thousands of honest, hard fisted Democrats, who love him because ho is plain, honest and patriot | ic, and because he is one of the People. A Letter rio.M Millard Fillmore—Tho : Mobile Advertiser publishes a correspondence j between the Hon. John Gayle, of Alabama, and i Hie Mon. Millard Fillmore. Mr. Gayle, it ap pears. wrote to Mr. Fillmore to inquire of him whether he was really an abolitionist, as has been charged against him at the South, to which he replies ns follows: Ai.bwt, X. Y., July SI, ISIS. Hon. John Gayle—Dear Sir: 1 have your let ter of the loth hist., but by official duties have been compelled to neglect my private correspon-; dents. I had also determined to write no let- ‘ ters for publication bearing upon the contest in the approaching canvass. But as you desire information for your own satisfaction in regard to the charges brought against me from the South on the slave question, / have concluded to slate briefly rnv position. While I was in Congress, there was much ag itation on the right of petition. -If) votes will doubtless be found recorded uniformly in favor of it. Tho rule upon which I acted was, that eve ry citizen presenting a respectful petition to the body that by the constitution had the power to grant or refuse the prayer of it, was entitled to bt heard; and therefore tho petition ought to bo received and considered. If right and roasona- ' ble, the prayer of it should bo granted, hut if i wrong or unreasonable it should bo denied. 1 ! think all my votes, whether on the reception of | petitions or the consideration of resolutions, will i be found consistent with this rule. i 1 have none of my Congressional documents ! here, they being at my former residence in Buff falo, nor have 1 access to any papers or memoran da to refresh my recollection, but I think at some lime while in Congress I took occasion to stale in substance my views on the subject ofsla very in the States. Whether the remarks were reported or not I am unable to say, but the sub stance was, that I regarded slavery as an evil, but one with which the National Government had nothing to do. That, by tho Constitution of tho United States, the whole power over that I question was vested in the several States where j the institution was tolerated. If they regarded ■ it os a blessing they had a constitutional right ( to enjoy it, and if they regarded it as an evil they had the power, and ki.ew best how to apply the j remedy. I did not conceive that Congress had j any power over it, or was in any way, responsi ble for its continuance in the several States where | it existed. 1 have entertained no other senii-1 incuts on this subject since I examined it suffiei-' enlly to form an opinion, and 1 doubt not that \ all my acts, public and private, will be found in j accordance with this view. 1 have the honor to be your obedient servant, i Mu i. uu Fu.i. more . WHOLE No 372 SOUND WHIG I'lil.M IPLKS~ .Milluni Fillmore in a speech delivers 1 in Congress on the Dili of June. IS 12, uses the following patriotic landtag •: “1 prefer my own country to all others, ami iny opinion is, that we must take ca r e ofourselve.-; and while I would not embar ass trade belween this and any foreign conn try by any illiberal restrictions, yet, if by legislation or negotiation; an advantage is to be given to one over the other, I pre fer my own country to all the World besides 1 admit that duties may be so levied, osten sibly for revenue, yet designedly fur pro 'ec.tinn, as to amount to prohibition, and consequently to the total loss of revenue. lam (or no such protection as that. 1 have no disguise of my opinions on this subject, I believe that if all the restrictive systems were done away with, here and in every country, and in every other country, and we could confidently roly on continued peace, that would he the most prosperous and happy state. The people of every conn try would then produce that which their habits, skill, climate, soil or situation enable them to produce to the greatest advantage, each would then soli where lie could ob tain the mo-l, and buy where he could pur ' eba-e cheapest, and (h is wo should see a trade as free among the nations of the world, as we now witness among the sjver al Stales of the Union. Hut however beau tifully this may he jin theory. I look for no such poli/ical nillenium as this. Wars will : occur until man changes his nature, and duties will be imposed upon our products in o her countries until man shall cease to be selfish, or kincs can find a more rotive uienl mode of raising revenues than by im posts,’’ Dinner to Cot. Biiauu. A dinner wa* given to Col. Bragg, at the Aslor House N. Votk on Thursday evening, at which the Hon. John I*. Kennedy and Jonathan Mer edith, Esq., of Baltimore were invited guests. The gallant Colonel's health was of course given, which drew from him a speech, in which he spoke in the highest terms of Gen. Taylor's military acquire ments. In describing the heat of the bat tle at Buena U isla, and the confidence of the volunteers in General Taylor he said: When manontvring my pieces athwart I tire gullies. I cite this as an example of that confidence, I saw clouds of dust about two miles from me, 1 was painfully anxious, I thought Getf Minon had fallen upon our rear, and attacked our depots, and to meet him was my first thought. A man came galloping up through the dust into sight; screaming ''Old stack is cowing." Every soldier gave in voluntary ullerance to his feelings. Old Xnck came —and in fifteen minutes the tide of battle turned. Four thousand five hundred men repulsed 20,000 —ami to the influence of that pres ence, under God, 1 think I am alive here to dine With you this day. A Genii man. How often did you dis charge you - pieces that day. Co/. Bragg. About 250 rounds to each gun. Another Gentleman. How near was the enemy to your pieces, at any one time. Col- Bragg. Within filly yards al one time, when we mowed them down. Another. Where was Gen. Taylor. Col. Bragg. Within forty yards. WK.UIV OF LIFE—A VALUABLE ! LESSON. In a letter dated Trenton Falls, Aug 11, Mr. N. P. Willis relates the following cu rious anecdote: Among our fellow passengers up the Mo hawk, we had in two adjoining seats a very impressive contrast, an insane youth on his way to an asylum, and the mind that has achieved the greatest triumph of intellect in our time, Mouse of the ohctrlc telegraph, on an errand connected with the convenience of thought by lightning. In the course of a brief argument on the expediency of putting an end to a defeated and hopeless existence Mr. Morse said that, ton years ago, under ill health, and discouragement, he would gladly have availed himself of any divine authorization for terminating a life of which the possessor was weary. The sermon that lay in tins chance remark—The loss of priceless discovery in the world, and the | loss of fame and fortune to himself which j wou Id have followed a death thus prema turely sell-chosen—is valuable enough 1 lit ink. to justify the invasion of the sacred ■ ness of private conversation which 1 rornmi' by thus giving it to print. May someone, aweary of the world read it to his profit. The Severe Diioi'giit. The papers in every direction are complaining of out re vere drought. Itqlho vicinity of New York vegetation is burnt up, and pastute for cattle being very scarce. The Croton rivet is found to be perfectly dry, and _all the wa ter which comes to the city is supplied by the dam ai d and reservoir. In Massncltus setts the crops are burning up. In Con necticut, at New Haven and vicinity, a severe drought is prevailing,"while at Hart, lord, and even al Meriden, flltc latter only . fifteen miles from New Hnven,) there has j been a good supply of rain. In New Jersey ; ihe damage to the crops from the drought; | has been estimated as high as one half, j I From Fet’nsyhaiia and Delaware we r k o | heat comp -. j Acmit Gr.Nr.RAi, Ordcr. Id on o r ,!„ f | f Oinihe War Department, August it, DiU j led Slates is iJi% i t leil inio two Military Geo | gr.ifi'iicn! Division*. Fastern and Western i and each division subdivided into Military j Depaitmeri'a. the eastern into four; and tho | Western into nine Divisions. The East ern Division comprises the country east of :.1 line drawn from Komi ■ln Lao, Lake Su perior, !o Cape sab>, Florid •. The VVet ern Division, the country west ofa li„„ drav n .Mm Fond ,iu Lac. Lake Superior to Capo Sable, Florida including Slate of Texas and Tenilory of New Mexico. I here me also two seperaie depm Intents- INo 10 the Tenilory of California, \o n [ li.e Terri lory of Oregon. I n department No ; n > K '' l! ’ , '* rn Division, is New York, New Jersey Pennsylvania, Delaware and Ma ryland, and in department No 4 Vinvin ia‘ &c. 8111 Trie general distribution of the regiments and corps constituting the peace establish merit is also announced. Major General Seolt hue been ordered to the command of the Eastern Division, head quarters Jat New York, Major General Gaines, to Baltimore, and Major Wool to Albany. Major General Taylor continues ic com mand ol the Western Division, headquar ters at or in die riu'nity of New Orleans, with Brevet .Major General 'Twiggs for tho depnrlmnnl No. R, and Brever Maj, Gen. Kearney, at St Louis, From Texas. — By the arrival of the steamship Globe, at New Orleans, on the ■f ist ult., we have received our files of ! exas papers to the 2tith August, inclu sive. 'The storm of the 17th ult was very severely felt in Texas, but fortunately did little harm. At Galveston the dam age was considerable. We see some complaints made in the papers ol the ill-effects of the late heavy ruins upon (lie crops, but the reports are generally satisfactory. We learn fom the Austin Democrat that an expedition is preparing to set out from Sau Antonia to Chihuahua, with a view to make a survey of the nearest and most practicable route. The expedition is to he under the command ol Col. J f. Hays. All the necessary expenses have already been provided lor by subscrip tlon iu Bexar county. The whole dis tance (rom S.m Antonia to Chihiihua is said not much to exceed 300 miles; and from (he coast ofTexas to the same place the distance is therefore but little over TOO miles. This expedition is to set out about the Ist of September, In the Austin Democrat ofthe 16(h ult., we find the following paragraph, which may he interesting to the “Ousel Owls.” We learn by a gentleman recently from the Rio Grande, that there isa gen eral revolutionary movement gotrur on in the eastern portion of Mexico. In the several towns, parties are forming under different pretexts; but the real object ol which is to ascertain the public strength of the opposition to the Central Govern ment- The leading men are arousing the lower classes against the existing Government, and citizens of the United States are busily at work among them. Mr Peoples, late editor o( the Ameri can Star, in the city of Mexico, is now about to re-establish his paper at Corpus Christ!. On the 7th ult, an affray occurred in Montgomery, between Dr- E. J. Arnold and Thomas Jones, ablacksmith, in which the latter was killed. Practice in the Court of Chancery. —A change of practice has recently ta ken place in the Court of Chancery of this State in consequence of a decision of the Court of appeals at the June term. The Annapolis Free Press savs: During the time of Chancellor Kilty, and it is supposed, up to the appointment ot the late Chancellor, it had been the practice, to require the affidavit of the complainant as to non-residence, before a decree would he passed on an order fui publication, This practice was depart ed from by (he late Chancellor; and has been revived by Chancellor Johnson un der the above deci-ion. The affidavit is of course t-.t parte, and may be filed at any time before the decree. Death of Capt Marrtat.— W'e regret, says ihe New York Slar, to observe the death of Captain Marry at announced in the En glish papers. He visited ihiscnunlry some where about the y cru andjappeared to be much gratified will bis trip- He was a man of undoubted literary talents, and his Peter’Simple, and other tales will long con tinue to be popular- lie was plain and un assuming in his manners—frank and socia ble in Ids habits; but lie got into some un important dilllcnllics in ibis country, with literary men and others. He must have been about 6 j years of age. To Ihw who I ike no interest in Politics. — In a letter written In 183 S, Lamartine ihus beautifully and religiously explains his mo lives for entering political life:—When li.e Divine Judge shall appear before our con— -deuce at the end of ourb h-f journey hern below, nur modesty’, o.ir weakness will not be an excuse for our inaction' It will bo ofno avail io reply, we ware nothing, wo could do nothing, we were bill a* a grain of sand. He will say to u, I placed be fore you, in your day. the two scales of a beam,jby which the destiny of the human race was Weighed: in one was good, in ihn other evil, You were but a grain of sand no doubt but who told you that grain of sand would not have caused the balance to incline on my side. You have intelligence to see, a conscience to decide, and you should have placed this grain of sand in one oi the other; you did neither. let tho wind drift it a .vay ;it has not bcn of any u'C to voii oi m vein luv.hie.i:,"