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'i In- Ritiny
BY MIKS M \K Y K. 1.l B. -’ tv* look on .t !:iy like this, vvrnevcr lirinx rain, \Vlien i!n* liloo sky wears its sark-rlolh roho*, And the strvet* an* i watery plain; Wlirn the hiif drops fall on the gomidiitg roots, With .i roof Hint h starllmtr splash; •Jmt lie* tlnte-hku breeze pours ils music-uoln*, 'Gainst liio close shut windu.v sasli I rniiemhev yet. llionjrii Twas lonjra^O, The heal ul my Hnhlish hc^rt, A\i.m with haH i.omrtl lesson 1 watch'd some morn For (ear that the clouds might part; •7iid oh, what IdiKS v\ In n the sky’s wide hall, Seemed paved us with sheets of lead; Till this pouring ram at ihe tiara school hour, I'oibadu 1113 oul-01-door tread. Ami in youth’s gay c esnn. when wiser grown, 1 own, though 1 blush to tell, Thai each rainy day brought that untasked lime, Which my spirit loved 100 well. When iho hook of know it* it ire was thrown aside, Forsomo light. ud romantic lore; And ol’anlitpio ballads, aid honied rhymes, My memory soon full store. Though youth Ins gone, I've n passion still, For t*'e cool rain's pb asaut tunes, AVhelhcr they steal 011 the midnight hours, Or peal in the sultry noons: Whefhor they come with * he fitful Spring, < )r the F.ipiinoctuil spoil; Fiom tin* fierce black North, or the sweet .South w 1 st, Ju all changes I love them well. Tir folly In talk of mv spoil's freaks, — lint its loftiest llights of I hoiijrht, Ami its fiiomlliest (i;ehugs I human kind, From <1 elomled sky are caught: And mv mirth breaks out in its merriest peal, . /ml I feci most the fill of life. When I lie wind and rain o'er a silent world, liold c!imental sirife. •Tis plentanl. to watch how the green trees (piench 7'hcir thirst with a long full draught; While the light lloweis hoard up an after Store, In llte cup Iml so lately quailed. And Mis pleasant to see how those oilier flowers, The children rf every homo, Am s'irred with joy, when their parted lips Catch the drops us they slowly coma. Oh! hotter fir than a wiitten page, Is tln sermon it rends to me, — This plenteous Ibcid of delicious scent, That falls in a I ;rrenl free, it brings me nearer <0 Him who gave The early and lifter ram.— And mv heart swells ever as now it docaj In a fresh and an answering strain, g?”■ ” r From the North American. TSc E?aH!c OF THE SEVENTH KO7EHBER, II oiiii (iunrteia Winn ‘Ahmt or Occupation’.’ ) .Vmvmbrr 20tli, tSIS • j Messrs. Editors:—ln the absence of the ollicinl icport of the great battle fought on the 7th instant, I propose fur nishing you with such facts as came miller my own immediate observation, together with details gathered from oth ers who participated in the fight. As Commissary General ol the Whig army, mv post,during the greater part of (he day, was upon an adjacent height, called “Capitol Hill,’’ which completely over looks all parts ol the field. J shall not attempt to describe, with technical preci sion, all the movements and positions of the coiitemtiiig armies—my object being merely to describe some particular pha ses of the fight, byway of doing justice to a few of the many distinguished olii cers to whom the army is indebted (or an achievement, at once the most bril liant in its execution—the most impor tant in its results. The hallle, as is well known, was fought upon the plains of Pennsylvania —now called the ‘‘Coch—pil .flhr Union','' the Whig army on ejte side, com manded by Major General Zachary lam.on; (he Locofoco, commanded by Lewis Gass, on the other. The former was drawn up in battle array on a hill called “.Vo )'c/o,’’ —the latter on the crest of a corresponding height, known ns a Tree treulc [hll,’' Our leader’s order of battle was at once grand, simple and ■nposing. IBs calm and manly bearing he rode slowly along the lines, on “Old Whitey,” elicited the loudest and most heart-felt cheers. At So’clock on the 7th o( November the signal fur action was given, and the battle commenced by a movement agam.-l the enemy’s left. The j\’ew Jersey and Delaware regiments of sharp-shooters an Her Colonels Houston and Hampton were thrown forward in skirmishing order, engaging the enemy’s Texas, lowa, and Wisconsin light troops. As our riflemen moved down the slope, Captain Forney's locofoco battery, the - I’i.nxsvi.vanian,” opened on them. —Majors Mr Michael k liinl’s magnificent baU*ry of* North American’’ 21 pound ordered to reply, which it did t pMclt a perfect shower of round shot •as soon silenced the enemy— dismount ed his guns, and rendered them unser viceable for Ihe rest of the day. Midway' between the hostile lines stalls a strongly fortified building known as the ‘ White House.” This was in possession of the enemy—garri sotted by the ‘ household troops” ('some 75,000 salaried dependents) commanded by (ten. James F. Polk, and Cols. Huch a non: Mocy and Johnson. Being regarded as the key ol the whole position Gen. Taylor at once determined to storm the work. This duty was assigned to the troops of the centre, composed of the Maryland A . 1 "rlc and Connecticut regi ments under Cols. Reverdy Johnson, Win It. Seward and .S’. D, Hubbard, the whole under the command of Brevet Major General Miu.ard Fili.more. The di vision pushed forward and gallantly made the attack. Soon after a heavy column, composed of the enemy’s Ohio, Missouri and Maim: regiments under Brig Gen. Ilrtnnegan, in attempting to out Hank us, were met by Brigadier Gen. H r . V. Mnrgum, at the head of the brave .Vc n lh Carolina, Kentucky and Vermont fi'gi ( VOL, VIII.—No. 20 merits, and. after a sharp conflict, de feated with great loss. The battle now became general The roil and iron hills of old Pennsylvania fairly rocked and trembled under the re | pealed explosions of artillery. Our brave old leader, surrounded by his stafl'movi d unscathed, amid the thickest of the fight giving his orders, “calm as a summer's morning,” and infusing into his follow on a portion ol his own indomitable spirit. At this period of the battle, (leu Cass made a demonstration against our right, via Bradford county ravine, do- 1 (aching (or this purpose the regiments of Mivhigeu, Illinois and Mississippi, N. Hampshire and Arkansas Volunteers, under the command of Brigadier (Jen. Levi Woodbury. This otiicer, himself, an n-.piraiil (orihe post ol Commander in ! chief,! panting for an opportunity to disiinguisli himself, carried (brward his column with steady bravery. notwi'.h-j standing the plunging fire of our batteries! ol Lancaster, Allegheny, Somerset, Erie | Lebanon, Dauphin, Blair, Union mull ; Philadelphia horse artillery, until he 1 crowned the heights upon which were I posted the (leorgia, Rhode Islam!, Flor ida, New Jersey and Louisiana Volun ; teens under Colonels Toombs, Cranston, ] Peters and Bullitt. These brave fellows stood with “shouldered arms,’’ until the enemy tame within point blank range, when they opened their lire with a tre mendous volley, thrown in with so much coolness and precision Unit the enemy’s column became as it were, convulsed by the shock, and staggered under the ef fect Notwithstanding their officers- placed themselves conspicuously in front, en couraging their men by word and exam pie to “stand firm,” our fire was so well sustained a id so rapidly destructive that the columns became panic-stricken and ; fled in confusion, in this charge the j enemy lost Cols. Durr, HicAßister. Yu •; lee and Slidell killed ; arid Majors Col 1 quilt, Soule and Vroom, desperate!v j wounded. At the Southern angle of | the enemy’s citidel, in charge of the bat j tery called “ The Union,’ was stationed | the venerable Capt. Ritchie gallantly an :imating his men. As the hot-shot and shells f rom Majors Gales Si Seaton’s-‘ln \ h l.'igencer;” ( apt. Mosely, “Richmond Whig;” Capt Jones, “Augusta Chroni I cle;’’ Capt. dales, “Raliegh Register,” Capt. Hardy, “New Orleans Bee;” and I Capt. Langilon; “Mobile Advertiser.”—l •j batteries went hissing and crashing! through the building, every faintheart 1 was cheered with the assurance that the * victory would be theirs ‘ Has nut ,I ‘Pennsylvania’s favorite son’ himself as- I sored you that the very tr ops who de -1 leated Morris Longstrelh on the 10th ol October, would, on the 7th November desert to the standard of Gen. Cass! Who ever doubled Col. Buchanan’s knowledge of the‘Keystone State,’ and who ifrts to question the word of the man who proclaimed Mr. Polk ‘a better tariff man than Mr. Clay!”’ Finding lus troops suited ig severely from ihe Hie of Capt. Prentice's Louisville Journal. (’apt. Greely’s N, Y. Tribune. Cap! Schoolers Union Atlas . Cant. Hedge's .V O llul.'elin batteries ol mounted howitzers ■ Hen. <’ass delerniineil In storm the heights upon which they were planted. Well knowing the perilous nature of this enter prise, he intrusted its execution to his vet eran. ami hitherto invincible, S. Carolina, Alabama anil Virginia (mops under the command of Brig. Gen. John C. Calhoun Perceiving die danger which menaced the guns, General Tayinr ordered (o their sup port his chosen regiments of Pennsylvania, under Colonels Ramsey, Darragh, Forward. ■S’levens, Meredith, Cooper, McKennaii, Brady, Waul, Eckeit and Hampton, and the splendid Massachusetts legions—the men from Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill! —under the lead of Cols. Choate, Win ilirop, Ashmun, Hudson and Lawrence, the whole under the command of Brevet Maj. Gen. Wm. F. Johnston, of Pa. The hero of Br.ena Vista exhibited his usual judgement in intrusting llte defence ol those important batteries to a commander whose metal had been Tied and found to be purs steel in the great battle fought in Pcnitsyl vahia, on the lOih of October. A more noble, generous ami chivalrio officer, nev er never wore sword!—a purer patriot nev er struck a blow lor his countiy! On came the enemy with a courage and devotion Ihe mo*) extraordinary, and in Ihe Very face of the concentrated (ire of all out ballaries did those brave fellows follow their leaders up that bloody sleep! Brave hearts beat there/ but they were about to encounter “/'ocman worthy of their steel ” The roar of battle was drowned by loud anil reiterated shouts of “Hurrah for Cass and Butler—Free Trade and the Sub Treasury!” “Close up and stand firm !” was the order along our line. When within short mus ket range, the enemy halted and commen sed deploying. Johnston sirring upon the favorite moment, ordered his division In fire a volley into the columns before him, and before they could recover from the shock, the order was given to “oharoe !” ; Answering with three cheers (nr “Taylor, Fillmore and theTaritfof ’-12,” our brave , tel lows with their olfteers leading, dashed j wildly fotward fairly sweeping the chosen ELKTON MD., SATURDAY MORNING DECEMBER 9 1848 louiou* of Lncofocoiam front dm ii M. Tins wsi* tli'Cnleilly cine of the most 1 nllia n achiovornenl.y of ihe ilay ami here p’f ished Cols. W. I. King. Henry A . Wise, A. S o veiison, D. uni many oilier Locolo c*o nifleers of iufejior note. Meanwhile the? Shin In/ C aunty , .V. C. Knox and Smith counties, 7V nn . i]u cumin •W w Yorkyond IZsm x .NVtr Jcrsen. balleries (*f iigiit arlillerv’ jndi *irn>ly pla cet] OM commamliiig grouml by our oceom plishetl Kni>nicer olliceis—l';i,>t. J. Morri son Han is. of,Mil.. Capls. Cutter, am! Cmnbs. ol Ivy.—having uollen ihe proper ruicje played upon the enemy’s columns with fatal el feet. Durimr the continuance of tho cannonade, one of Ihe enemy’s olii e.ers was gnihy ot'ofan act —conTary a!ik • It) all usages ol hmicrni.'c warfare, an ! nn wor:hy ihe glory of this vvell-l’ouirht liehl. Ol .serving (he posilimi oeeupietl by Gener al Tailor in person, •"Climdirr IVyfeoff. .Conimamling a hatlery culled k *TiiK Hkmo euATlc Rkvis..w,” opened on him a>tnnn >; poisouei! shot, in shape of slanderous ami iidanious ‘•Lihlk,’*ami other stone-! —bnl the guardian genius that protected the old hero iioiii the enp/h.r shot of the Mexicans also shielded him against ihe poisoned mis biles ol this cowaidly loco loco. It was now la!e in ihe afternoon,and Gim Cass finding liimsidl baiil. d m all aliempis lo chive us from our position, determined to slake the foitune of the day upon one fi lial, desperate throw. Collecting loge.h n* I the shattered remains of tlie Sou ih Cardi a Alabama and Virginia brigades, (tho latter almost entirely annii/ilulcd) and uniting them with bis other disposable forces, he got tho whole in motion against our 1011. The movement being observed, Gen. Tai lor at once prepared to meet it—oidmi g nn in addition lo those already named. Capt. Allen A. Hall’s ‘Nashville Whig,’ Capi. Cary’s t ßallimoro American,’ Capt. Harnersly’*‘Lancaster Union and Tribune, ’ Cap I. Kinney’s Advertiser,’ batte l ies of heavy gnu*, he placed the whole rap idly in position, forming fur their support die Massaediussells, Kentucky, Georgia, M i rylami, Connecticut. Louisiana and Ten nessee troops, the Jailer under command of ihcir favorite and well tried leader, Gen Jumcs C, Jones. Covered by ihe firn of all his guns, Gen, Cass’ division moved forward in beauti ful oid ’r. Our heavy gnus swept every foot of ihe ground, but the enemy, Merely clo sing his lorn and smiilen tanks, pushed on, till at length they entered the storm of grape shot, when the leading files disappeared as it the earth had opened beneath them? j S:ill ihey pushed on until they gained tin* very brow of ihe hill, when ‘three cheers for old Hough and Ready' rent the air, and our line advanced lo the charge! Gen. Jones at the head of his brija 10. was the first to preeipi’ato himself against ihe foe. Led away byhis impetuous ami h iadlong valor, he rushed into ihe thickest of the light die enemy closing around him. When the battle raged most wildly he was seen lo wering above his devnl d followers, and his clear and manly voice Was heard above the tnmnlt'of battle, cheering them lo the charge! Despite every eflbrf of the ene mv. he nobly sustained himself, gallantly supported by Colonels Hell. Gentry; Kw ii<g, and llariow. Col. H dlie Peyton, at ;he head of : 0d Zack.s body guard) th.e in trepid Louisianians, came up, wiien the two columns, cheering each other, united, and quieklv rolled back the tide ol baUle. Itr'g. Gon. Jnn. ,T. Crittenden, at the head of| a cliosnn body of Kentuckians, cliargod a superior j’urco of tho enemy’s Anc* Hampshire and Blaine troops, and after a desperate hand to hand con test, routed them and captured their colors. In this charge Colonels Letcher, Metcalf, Under wood and Gaines wore highly distinguished. Tho contest hero was long and bloody—indeed this was the crisis of*liie fight—victory swung to and fro, from side to side, till at length, unable any longer to withstand the cold steel of the Whigs, the Locofoco columns trembled and stag gored-—then broke and fled 1 l Gen. Cass's wonn ded were behind him, and he passed them alive!' The panic which now sewd the enemy soon communicated itself to tho ‘White House, 1 and asonr victorious troops went sweeping over ils harriers like a resistless torrent, tho garrison, ibrowing,down their arms, surrendered at discre tion. To the gallant Gen. Wm. F. Johnson, of Penn sylvania, belongs Iho honor of hauling down v\ ith his own hand, the locofoco Hag found Hying on the battlements ofthe ‘ White House. 1 The route of the enemy was complete. Tho Phila delphia City and County troops, under Cols. Jo siali Randall, Charles Gibbons, Joseph 11. Myers J. W. Asfitneud, W. Ilollingshead, Henry D Moore, J. S. L ittcll, John E. Lalia, .7. R. Cham hers, with Captain J. P. Sandorson ? s ' Daily Anrs 1 battery of six pounders, pursued the Hy ing locofocos until 10 o’clock at night. The field of battle was covered with thesluin, ami the scene in the‘White House’ beggars description, In the ‘cast room’ lay Gen Jus. K. Polli, and close by Colonels Walker and Buchanan, all ve ry dead. Tho Post Master General *Caved in 1 under the effect of an amiable grape-shot from Capt. Webb’s ‘Courier’ buttery. Capt* George M. Dallas, of tho subsistence de partment, was killed by tho explosion of i tar iff bomb-shell from Capt. J. 11. Campbell’s Schuylkill county battery:—Col. Buchanan, by a ;M pound shot thrown from one of the funs of tho ‘North American’ battery, in charge of tho gallant and accomplished Capt. ‘lndependent’ Harvey. Capt. Ritchie, the unfortunate leader ofthe Household hand was, for once, ‘thrown from his equilibrium. 9 His only regret seemed to bn that bis death wound was caused by a Del axvarian. It was given by a Whig rifleman be longing to the l mcanest Slate in the Union. 1 Wo buried the old soldier with the honors of war, his own organ playing tho requiem, ‘O, cairv me back lo ole Virginny. 1 Col. Marcy having oc cupied a secure position dining tho fight, escaped unhurt. Although a gum! Secretary of War, he ia a very sorry Secretary in Wax—his ncrvoiu system find breeches wore both terribly s!taller— rd. A singular circumstance is related of one of tin* uiuMiiy’s S irgoim—Duclof Sturgeon, I If ugs er. 11 linn ‘Senator’ Sturgeon|. When our vic torious troops entered the White House, they found Iho worthy doctor, undisturbed by ‘the noise and confusion’ around him, quietly seated in Ins arm chair, fast asleep! ■ i The enemy's joss is immense—especially in §(/\ce(r)s. Among their killed arc (’apt. 11. S. Foote, of Miss. [Provost .Marshall ol the an; y] • Grand, the Swiss Volunteer —Gen. ./aron V., Brown, ofTemi. [early in the action j—Sawyer,’ ihe *sausige man'—Gen. Houston, ol I exas—, Lieutenant. General Benton, of Missouri—Cols. Meihiry aml Brough, of Ohio—Maj. Jos R Gid-J dings, (ofihc'Freo SoilMegion)—Col. ‘Gong’j Allen, of Ohio—Cupis. McCallu and Brown, of Washington City—Col. Ely Moore, ol New j York —Colonel Page, of Philadelphia—Gen. i John Commander, of S. C.—Col. Merton, ol Bosioo —Col. Bantonl, of Mass.—Corporal Gray son, of Charleston, and others great and small. A considerable number of prisoners fdl into ; : i r hands. AII dec lining lugive their parole mil. to serve again for/bur gears were inimedi i le !v pm iit route for ‘Fall River.’ Among tho pr sneers taken vveie fjiir deserters from tho Whig army--Capt. Caleb Cushing, of Mass., Captaiiu 'l'homas F. Miitfihall, ol Ky., Captain Dudley Sehleii, of New York,and (’apt Joseph S. Williams, of Toan., all of whom were iiiatanl ly shot! Tins arduous duties incident to taking posses sion of the White House will, I fear, prevent Gen. Tav'-M* from fiirnishing his ollieial itceouin of the hallle he lore the I'urlli of .March next. I have no doubt he will then recommend for pro motion, in addition lo those already named, the follow ing dislingnisne.il line and slat* olUeers:— Ma jor Gen. Clayton, of Did., Brig. Gen. D. ivis, nf Mass; Adjutant Gen. Corwin, ol Ohio; Brig, j Gen. Crawford, of Georgia; Brig- Gen. John C. (dark, of N York, and others, whose gallantry and services entitle them lo parliculai notice. 'l’eus terminated this ever-memnrahle battle— a battle which has resulted ilia moral annihila tion of our politic 1 1 enemies, altogether unexam pled in the History ofour country. I have the honor to remain, with high regard your obedient servant, True Max Smith. Commissary Whig Army of Occupation. [Ficm tho Philadelphia Inquirer.] The Close of the Wcdt. Saturday Night. “Tho toil-worn workman from his labor ooea. Tins niohl Iris weekly muil is at an 0011!” Bl UN’S. Tins close of tlie week is n season of res as well as ol recreation. It is especially so to the in it I;it iido who aru compelled to earn their bread by ihe sweat of their brow To such ihe approach of Saturday night is ever greeted with pleasure. Family groups gather round the family fire ide, social fesii vals are ananged. parents ami chikben min gle together with feelings of delight,—die heart warms, overllows, and ils bes I and purest alfecliuns “well Inrdi ” and are le ciprocaled on all sides. And when the hour of rest approaches— “ Then kncHinir clown. In Heaven’s eternnl king, Tlie saint, the Hither ami the hnsban.t prays. Mope ‘springs cxnitntg on triumphant wings, 'Dial thus they ail shall meet, in hitnro tlajsl” M in v arc die scenes of simple and un alloyed felicity, at (he close of the week The laborer hordes hum his Risk with more than ordinary satisfaction, conscious as well that the greeting of his liule house hold will be warmer than usual, as that be may retire lo rest will) more than his won led ease and security, for ihe morrow wi II bring, noi a day of toil and anxiety, bul One of calm, pence, repose nud religion. The oul-door woild i* gayer, mi re ani mated and more characterized by cheerful ness on Saturday night, ;h m on any oilier evening oil he seven. Then it is dial vari ous amusements aio sought, that Hide pui chases aie made, dial die gas-lil sloies or our gieal thoroughfares are visited, dial an innocent stroll is indulged, and that father and son, mother and daughter, discover some peculiar means of enjoyment, or re laxations soiled to die Insie of each and all. We have often stood at die corner of a leading thoroughfare at sundown on Salur day night and watched the iuuubed ofla. boiers, as they hurried along with elastic step, sparkling eyes and brightened feat ures, lo their various places of abode. Such scenes are full of touching inteiesl. No mailer how iiksome may have been the loiisofdie week, how severe the task, or how chequered die way—all is forgotten nn Saturday Night —aid wi h the weekly wages received from die employer, die purse is heavy, the heart is light, and vis ions of contentment, and pleasure float be fore tho excited imagination. • “Lot no ambition mook their useful toil. Their homely joys—mid de.sliny obscure; Nor grandeur Pear, widi a disdainful smile, The short but simple annals of the peer,” If, too, as is almost invariably the case, some tilde scheme of pleasure has been planned, some family visit to a concerlor lecture morn, or a friend or relative, the whole family cli cle partakes of die excite ment, die members of die liule household, from tlie eldest lo tlie youngest, mingle in heart-warm jubilee. And what, after all, is so-elighiful as dial species of pleasure which pervades a whole family circle, kin dles pure feelings in the breasts of all who look up either with respect or alfcclion, who realize iho atliniiy which exists be tween parent and child, brother and sis ter, and who icjoice as well for themselves as those they loved. “Domestic happiness! their only bliss Of Paradise, that has survvived tho fall!” The season is at hand, when the fireside and its scenes and associations possess addi lional interest. The chilling atmosphere of winter will soon he upon us, and we WHOLE No 385 hlialj be compelled io seek wi'hat doors, am! among fiiemls mid relatives, llio .clava lion nml enjoyment which during llie milde-t seasons may be found in die out door win Id How, .heir shall wo adapt our conduct? How, to prove most useful in asocial, m wcil as in a moral ami intellectual sense? How. to ••mend the manners and improve tire lit art?’ By forbearance, generosity, and an ellort not only to receive, but to im pail pleasure—by the control of temper,; liie exorcise of amenity’ the mauifeslaiiuu ot confidence and affection. A la-! for disio il in a household—for irri tali.m. p. '.iilence and anger, in the domes tic ci.ilc! Too spot that should he eonse crated to all that is pine, ca nt and foliciti inis, is ihns rendered the veiy reverse, and the beings who should ho to each other the in 'misters of joy, the sources of satisfaction, bee line enemies, nay worse, sources of dis cord, anger and anguish. “Bear ami for hear”—is a precept that cannot be too earn es ly urged. All have their imperfections all their errors of habit, of disposition, ot of prejudice. Whilst we are convinced of this fact with reference to others; we should remember that we, ourselves, are imperfect He may be tyrants at homo, we may be despots In out business circle—we may deal harshly with those who look up to and depend upon us. Let us then endeavor, Hut only to “see ourselves as others sue us,” but to control and reform our errors aid dilfereiicos. I.ct us strive to add our mile to the great sum of human happiness, and thus to fulfil our lot and part in the itn pnr.aiil drama of hie. Another Sdlunlity Night is at hand-—an other week is about to close! bet its calm hours be devoted to some praiseworthy object. If at tllu bead of au extensive es tablishment, the field is wide, ami a wotk ol kindness ami appreciation to those who have faithfully discharged their duty, a pas sing compliment, a friendly smile, a getter ous cxpies ion nf feeling, and doe effect cannot but he most sain larv. And so; 100, in the family circle. The sensitive, the fond, the cunti.ling and the appreciating, are overjoyed by kindlv manifestations, and they -‘cost so bt'lc!” The close of the week, too is a happy season for affection ate testimonials and friomtly rememberan ces. The husband should leach his w ife that s!ie lias not boon forgotten through Die many hours of business, while his wife should maniles/, in some proper way, that she; too hag n -t been unmindful of t'.o troll b'eand voxali n< of trade; that her lie ir t has sympathised, aldiongh her lips have been still' that his cares are her cafes, his joys hei joys, his triumphs her tiininphs! Thus will they prove that their union is not one merely of form—law—and circum.ta i ces—but ol choice, feeling, confidence anil love. The Electric Telegraph. Tim first Telegraph established in America was between Baltimore and Washington, id the expense of the rut ted Stales, under the superintendence of Professor Morse, who had taken out sev eral patents for an improved mode of telegraphing by electricity. Lines were afterwards erected between Poston and New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York, and New York and Buffalo, via Albany and Rochester; and a con tract was made in IST;’), between the owners of MorseVpatents and the enter prising ami well-known Henry O'Reilly of Albany, who had aided in putting up some ol the above lines, that lie should i form new companies, find ail necessary funds, and allow the pafentetsa percent age in the stock of such Telegraph? as he might establish to the Westward, &,c. Under that agreement, and other arrange tnenls, he completed, in three years, ■T,0()0 miles of Telegraph. First, the Atlantic and Mississippi range, by which Philadelphia was con nected by lightning with St Lotus, via Harrisburg, Pittsburg and Cincinnati, and we believe a continuation is in pro gress to Independence and Fort Leaven worth, in Missouri. Mr. O'Reilly next put in operation the Lake Erie Line, from Buffalo to Detroit, via Cleveland and Toledo, and from Cleveland to Pitts burg, where it connects with the West ern Central Line. The third line completed by O’Reilly is about 1800 miles long, extending from Dubuque, Burlington, and Galena, to New Orleans—from lowa to the Gull of Mexico One thousand miles of Telegraph are in the hands of the Ohio, Indiana and Illinois Telegraph Co ; their line con nects Lake Michigan, at Chicago, the Wabash at Vincennes, the Illinois Canal and River, and the Mississippi Valiev, at Galena and St. Louis to Louisville, thence via Memphis, Columbus, Jack son, Vicksburg, Natchez and Baton Rogue, to New Orleans. The number of associations engaged in Telegraphing on these routes we have not ascertained. The line from St Louis to Galena embra ces Alton, Springfield, Peoria, Quincy, tkc., and people can communicate now, on business or otherwise, a distance of 3,000 to 4,000 miles, receiving replies in an hour or two to brief messages, while long statements an transmitted by wires hundreds ol miles with a speed i really mimcu'ous. The Camillas communicate. by light ning, with Buffalo, via Hamilton, To ronto, Kingston, Mont ml nnd Quebec ; and with Troy, via Vermont and Mon treal. A line of wires is carried down the east hank of the St. Lawrence to Metis or Mitis river, and Father Point, and is to he continued to Halifax. There are also Telegraph Companies between Boston and Lowell—Boston and Portland—Portland and Calais, Me. ■ —Buffalo and Lewiston—Ni w York and Offing (to Fire Island!—Syracuse and Oswego—Anhurn, Ithaca and Elmira-- Now Bedford, Providence and Worces ter—Baltimore and Wheeling (not fin ished.) There is a line, perhaps com pleted, from Washington to New Or leans, via Richmond, Petersburg, Ra leigh, Charleston, Montgomery, Mobile, Sac. The distances, in most cases, may he found in our tables. The rates are very moderate, as compared with the charges in England, where Telegraphing is as yet, a close monopoly. ?.Tr. Mouse has a Telegraph in use between Wall-st. N. Y. and Philadelphia, which prints every wold of the messages in Roman capitals. Some Companies have made cask divi dends ; that from Philadelphia to Pitts, burg 8 per cent and the Southern 6. Of the actual gains of some lines little is ax yet known- The cost of construction varies from $l3O to §2OO per mile, and may he higher in some cases. 01 nearly 6,800 miles in operation on tin# Conti nent, the cost, including all the machin ery, may be about §1,300.000. Tele graphing is only in its infancy. Mr. Bain is taking out a patent for a Tele graph by which a man may sign his name atone end o( a line, and it will ho carried by the wires to the other end! Palmer's JUmanuc. Wii at it is to in-: Polite. —Politeness is a trait which every one admires, and which confers upon its possessor a charm that does much to pave the way o( life with success. But it is very much mis understood Politeness docs not consist in wearing a silk glove, and in grace hilly lilting your hat when you meet an acquaintance—it does noi consist in ar tificial smiles and flattering speech, but in sincere and honest desire to promote the happiness of those around you; in tho readiness to acrifice your own case and comfort to the enjoyment of others. The man who lays aside all selfishness in re gard to the happiness of others, who is ever ready to confer favors, who speaks in the language of kindness and concili ation, and who studies to manifest llio-o little attentions which gratify the heart, is a polite man, though he may wear a homespun coat, and make a very ungraco fill bow. And many a fashionable, who dresses genteelly, and enters tho must crowded apartments with assurance and ease, is a perfect compound of rudeness and civility He who has a heart flow ing with kindness and good will towards his fellow men, and who is guided in tho exercise of these feelings hy good common sense, is the truly polite man— and he alone. Buckwheat Cakes.— The following instructions about one of the most of our domestic dainties will be acceptable, it they are all light. We, however, will not hold ourselves responsible for tho spoiled cakes: “The griddle on which buckwheat cakes are baked should never be touch ed with grease. Firstly, because it ini parts a rancid taste to the cakes. Sec ondly, ifa cooking stove to be used, it fills the kitchen, if not the whole house, I with the smell of burnt grease—to say j nothing o( the parade, and boasting to one s neighbors, by betraying what we I are to have lor breakfast. Wasii tho griddle with hot soap suds, scour with dry sand; and when heated for use, rub it well with a spoonful of fine suit, and a coarse cloth ; it will then bo ready to receive the cakes' Alter each cake is removed, the salt rubbing must be repeat ed. II the first does not succeed, try it again, and you will ever after follow the advice of an old housekeeper. Governor Drew’s Message (of Arkan sas) was delivered on the 7th November The Governor estimates that the popu lation of the State will reach 3011,000 when the federal census shall be taken in the year 1830, which will insure, af ter that period, for Arkansas, three in place of one member, in the representa tive branch ol Congress, The financial condition ot the State is represented as satisfactory. The Governor calk the attention of the Legislature to the pro. posed alterations in the Conststulion ol the State, and recommends that the pro pie shall have the privilege of electing Judges of the Supreme Court aswell as those of Circuit and Count) Courts and Prosecuting Atlornies. On the subject of slavery in the terri tories, tho Governor considers that the people, in forming a State Constitution, have a perfect right to tolerate it, any act of Congress prohibiting the einigra tion of citizens with their slaves to the contrary notwithstanding. The instilu tion ol slavery, he says, is local, not mi tional, Missionaries.—Tde Missionary So. icty of the Methodist Episcopal Church has now forty nine missionaries employed in Oregon Africa and South America, and three him died and fif y laboring among lha Germans, Indians, Swedes and Norwegians m die United State*' The total number of church members under missionary charge* is 31,099. There are twenty two mission aries among the Germans, of whom 6,ouu have become church members.