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The Baltimore County union. [volume] (Towsontown, Md.) 1865-1909, February 04, 1865, Image 1

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(A Consolidation of the American and
(l. m. hatkrstick, H. C. 4 J. B. LOSOXECKSHi)
$2.00 PER ANNUM, In Advance.
Xo paper discontinued until all arrear
ages are paid, unless at the option of the Pub
lishers. A failure to notify its discontinuance
will be considered a renewal of subscription.
One square, (oftf lines, or less,) one insertion,
60 cents ; three insertions, $1 ;< nod, for every
subsequent insertion, 25 cents per square. . .
ggp- A liberal deduction made to those who ,
advertise by the year, or half year.
Bv consolidating the two Baltimore countv
papers, the UNTON has the largest circulation ol
any county paper is the State, and thus offers
superior advantages'to advertisers.
Our office, besides one of line’s best Power
Presses, is furnished with a good .fob Press And
all the neeesßarv materials for executing plain
and fancy Job P’rinting wkh neatness and dis- '
Of all sure# end styles printed at short notice 1
and on good terms. . , j
Magistrate’s and Collector’s Blanks, Deeds, j
and all kinds of Publie Papers always on band
at the office. '
Almanac for 1865.
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Professional Cards.
DR. J. R. WARD can be found daily at his
office, until 9J o’clock A. M., and at 4 o’cl’k,
r. Jd.
Oovanstown, Dec. |4.— 4t
Office and Residence —NEAR EPSOM CHURCH.
Towsontown, Dec. 31, 1864.-r-ly
Office—No. 4 Smedley RoW, Toweofitovvn.
TTAVING formed a partnership, will give
t~l prompt attention to all law and chancery
business entrusted to their care.
Bep. 17, 1864.—1 y
Amos P. Musselman,
Office No. 21 Lexington si., Baltimore city.
PRACTICES in the Courts of Baltimore !
countv. i
-July 9,"1564. —ly
Theodore Glocker,
No. 44 St. Paul street, Baltimore, Md.
PARTICULAR attention given to Chancery !
and Orphans’ Court business, in the Courts
of Baltimore city and county.
All communications or business left with Mr.
JOHN R. D. BEDFORD,Conveyancer,Towson-
Rown, will be promptly attended to.
March 12, 1364.—tf.
O. C. Warfield,
applications for
Feb. 20.—tf
Jos. P. Merryman.-
71 West Fayette street, Balt. j
Jan. 9, 1§64.—1y
John T. Ensor,
Office, No. 7 Smedley Row,
S’ Towsontown, Md.
PRAGTfCES in the Courts of Baltimore, Har- !
JL to bs, Howard and Carroll counties, and of j
>Baltyfri ore city.
Win attend promptly and perseverxngly to all !
■business entrusted to his care.
R. R. Boarman,
Bmedley Row. opposite Court House,
‘TTTILH promptly attend in all business en-
Jj trusted to nis care.
Jan. 18.—tf ~ < •* ' __
Wheeler Sc Keech,
ixb' ' '
-•Office No. 1 and 2 Smedley Row, Towsontown.
HAVING formed a PARTNERSHIP fo t tbe
practice of Law, will give p.ompt atten
tion to the collection of claims and business in
• general in the Orphans’Court and Circuit Cdurt
for Baltimore eounty.
Aug. 27,1359-tf
HAVING located in TOWSONTOWN, offers
his professional services to the publie.
,residence of Jos. J. Btewart, EBq., Pennsylvania
July 23.—tf , ,
B. W. Tbmplbuas. Chas. J.Pensisgtox
Wm. H. Shiplet. ' f
Agent* for salt of Maryland Lands,
Office {up stairs) No. 48 Lexington it., Baltimore.
B. W. Templeman, k Co.,
/’'VFFER their services tC the public for the
llgale of Farms, and Real Estate generally.
Thor have, as 6urveyors, a.general knowledge
of the lands of parts of the-State, and unusual
facilities otherwise for the transaction of ouch
business. Plats aad descriptions of all prop
ortie they may have for sals, will be kept in
form. Parties wishing to sell or purchase
Jlul please eommunieate by letter as above.
| Public Officers of the United States.
President —Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois.
Vice President —Haunibal Hamlin, of Maine;
after March 4th, Andrew Johnson, of Term.
Secretary of State —William 11. Soward, of
Now York.
Secretary of the Treasury— William Pitt Fes
senden, of Maine.
Secretory of TTor—Edwin M. Stanton, of
Secretary of the Navy— Gideon Welles, of Con
necticut. i
Secretary of the Interior —John P. Usher, of
Indians. ■ ,
Postmaster General —Win. Dennison, of Ohio.
Attorney General —James J. Speed, of Ken
Judge-Advocate General —Jo*. Holt, of Ken
Provost-Marshal General —James B. Fry.
Commissioner of Internal Revenue —Joseph J.
Lewis, of_PtansyvaniA.
Commissioner of Agriculture —lsaac Newton,
of Pennsylvania.
Chief-Justice of the Supreme Court —Salmon
P. Chase, of Ohio. - .r
Public Officers of Maryland.
Governor —Augustus W. Bradford, Baltimore
eounty. , ,
Lieut Governor —Christopher C. Cox, Talbot
Secretary of State— William B Hill, Baltimore
city. ■ *
Attorney tfehcra'— Alexander Randall, Anne
Arundel county. ' - -
Adjutant General —John 8. Berry, Baltimore
Comptroller —Robert J. Jump, Caroline eo.
Treasurer —Robert Fowler, Baltimore county.
Commissioner of Land Office —William L. W.
Seabrook, Frederick county.
Judges Courtof Appeals —B. J. Goldsborough,
Ist district: JamCs L. Bartol, 2d district; S.
Morris Cochran, 3rd district; Daniel Weisel,
4th district; Richard I. Bowie, 6th district. |
Superintendent of Public Instruction —L. Van ,
Bokkelcn, Baltimore coun.ty.
United States Senators—Reverdy Johnson, j
Baltimore city ; Thomas Holiitlsy Hicks, Dor- j
Chester county.
Representatives in Congress —J. A. J. Creswell, ,
Ist district; Edwin 11. Webster, 2d district;
Heavy Winter Davis, 3rd district: Francis 1
Thomas, 4th district; Beujaman G. Harris, 3th
Public Officers of Baltimore County.
Judge— Richard Grason. *
State’s Attorney —John T. Eusor.
Clerk —John H. Longneoker.
Sheriff— James Thompson.
Register —John Philpot. -
Treasurer —Christian Gore.
Judges of the Orphans' Court —Stephen W.
Falls, James A. Standiford, Joseph Merryman. I
County Commissioners —Jo6hua F. Cocksy, I
James Button, Daniel J. McCauley. I
State Senator —Edward T. Philpot.
House of Delegates —W. H. Hoffman, George
Slothower, D. K\ Lusbv, David King, Z. Potect,
N. H. Parker. ' 1
Collectors of Internal Revenue —Joe. J. Stew
art, 2d district: George W. Sands, sth district. ,
Assessors of Internal Revenue —John W. Web
ster, 2d district; Wm. Welling, sth district.
Board of Enrolment, 2d District —Robt. Cath- -
eart, Provost Marshal: Jona. J. Chapman, Com- <
missioner; J. Robert Ward, Surgeon.
Board of Enrolment, bih District —John C.
Holland, Provost Marshal; Benjamin Whit
wright, Commissioner; Dr. Dorsey, Burgeon.
rpHIS property having recently changed .
1. hands, has been thoroughly renovated, im
proved and enlarged. The Store House is now *
second to none in the county for beauty and eon- *
venience, and the STOCK OF GOODS embra- *
ces the best of every kind that can be selected *
in Baltimore city, which consists of
Hardware, China, and Crockery ware, j
Earthen and Stone Ware,
Drugs, Medicines, Glass, Putty, '
In short anything that can bo found in a well
| regulated country store, wh ch we will sell at
city prices for CASH !
i Of all kinds taken in exchange for goods at full
For Warren Manufacturing Company.
ON an after Monday, October 10th, 1864, cars
i In the Charles Street Cars, corner of Baltimore
and North streets,
FROM 7 A. M. TO 6 P. M., except 12 M.
And will leave
FROM 7.15 A. M. TO 6.16 P. M. f
Except at 12.15 noon.
: The cars connect at North Boundary Avenue,
FROM 7 A. M. TO 7 P. M., exeept at 12 M.
A car will leave the corner of EAST AND
Oct. 15.—tf A. D. BANKS, Agent,
Baltimore, Catonsville & Ellicott’s Mills
fgrTbITiVMFM 1 !
I FALL and winter arrangement.
ON and after Monday, October 3d, 1564, cars
will run HOURLY,
FROM 7 A. M. TO 12 M.,
!* FROM 2 TO 7 P. M., DAILY,
Sundays included.
; MILLS will leave daily, Sundays included, at
8 and 11 A. M., and 2 and 5 P. M.
j Depot west end of Baltimore street.
; Qet. B.—tf
Towsontown Pemale Seminary.
Boarding & Day School for Young Ladies.
Late Principal of the Columbus Female Semi
• nary, Ohio.
THIS Institution will be open
ed for the reception of pupils
] on Wednesday, September 7th. M[ 1
Mrs. Schenck has been
ing for many years, and has references and
testimonials of the highest character from per
sons who have had daughters under her care,
and others, which she will be happy to show
Principal, Towsontown, or Messrs. CUSHING
A BAILEY’S and othar bookstores, Baltimore.
Jqly SO.—6m
T YILL bur and reoeive DRY UNHACKLED
PRICE tor the same during the year, in any
quantity, and also OAT ST&AW bought at the
Old Stand of D. A. POLLACK,
Ne, 98 IT. Howard Street,
Pet. Rnltimere, |
To the Honorable Richard Grason,
Judge of the Circuit Court for
Baltimore County.
THE Grand Jury of Baltimore county respect
fully report, that tkev have visited the Jail
and found it in a very clean and comfortable
condition, while the prisoners, four in number,
are well cared for and attended to by the effi
cient warden of the institution, George W. Til
eon, Esq.
They found seme repairs to different parts of
the building much needed, would recom
mend that the following be attended to, viz :
The pavement of the brick floor in the base
ment; the sower; the .water range; the railing
around the corridor of the first story; glazing
the windows, and a leak in the roof, where it
joi::s. the chimney.
The Grand Jury’s attention has been called
to repairs in certain part S-of the Court House
which are. greatly needed. They find the pi
pes in the water closet of the jury room \vrV I
much out of order; also the ceiling of the pris
oner’s room, and would recommend that they
be early repaired.
The Grand Jury have examined the books
and accounts of the Treasurer, and find them
correct, and they recommend the speedy collec
tion of the accounts of the past Collectors,
which accounts accompany this report. All of
which is respectfullv submitted.
Foreman Grand Jury.
Grand Junr Room, 1
Towsontown, January 10th, 1865. )
The uudersigned, a committee appointed by
the Grand Jury of Baltimore county, to inves
tigate the condition of the accounts of the
Treasurer of Baltimore county, beg leave to re-
Sort that they have.examincd theVooks, which
ave given ample satisfaction, and exhibit the
following statement:
The entire receipts and disbursements of the
Treasurer of Baltimore county, for the year
ending Decembeer 12th, 1864, are—
Receipts $115,701 84
Disbursements 109,110 12
Balance. $6,591 72
Amounts received and paid out on account of
School Fund:
Received. Paid.
On Lew of 1863, 8,419 00 9,100 00
“ “ 1864, 17,673 00 18,150 00
$26,09200 $27,25000
Amounts due by Collectors on the following
levies :
Henry Green, 1831, $ 112 97
Samuel Jordan, 1833, 1,107 88
Jesse it. Lowe, • 1844,) 423 00)
“ “ 1845, - 1.483 68 V 3,160 94
“ “ 3846,) 1,254 26 .)
Richard Wilson, 1844,) 112 15 ) ~,
“ “ 1845, / 148 58/ 2t, ° ,3
John W. Onion. 1846, 280 10
$4,922 62
Thomas Saicr, 1846, 703 57
Selman Cox, 1846, 189 96
Samuel P. Storm, 1852, ) 3,4Sfe 57 ) 0 ~, ~
“ “ 1853. / 4 ; 657 57 / 8,144 1
$13,960 29
Thomas M, Scott, 1860, 46 83
Thomas Cross, 1860, 500 89
Thomas M. Scott, 1861, 144 69
Thomas Cross, 1861, 4,791 87
Thos. E. Wantland, 1862, 57 65
William Foster, 1862, 86 79
James H. Onion, 1862, 87 31
James L. Ridgely, 1863, 265 00
T. K. Wantland, 1863, 52 52
William Foster, 1863, 590 59
Henry L. Bowen, 1863, 788 49
J. B. McComas, 1863, 24 09
James 11. Oniou, 1863, 1,115 92
Jesse Fowler, 1863, 177 05
G. H. Whittemore, 1864, 4,362 52
John K. Harvey, 1864, 1,481 74
J. L. Ridgely, Jr., 1864, 3,666 09
Jacob Berkley, 1864, 654 62
Benj. B. Bush, 1864, 378 68
William Foster, 1864, 916 90
Abm.JeßSop, 1864, 3,507 61
Henrv L. Bowen, 1864, 6.301 17
J. B. McComas, 186-1, 1,367 93
James H. Onion, 1864, 2.988 33
William Button, 1864, 4,889 01
Amt. due Baltimore county, $51,104 53
Respectfnllv submitted,
Jnn. 21.—3 t. Committee.
Promptly, to men of the Counties, either be
fore or subsequent to draft, for one, two, or
three years.
Obtaining cur Substitutes at first prices, we
are able to furnish them to our patrons at rates
reasonably remunerative to us, and highly ad
vantageous to them.
Quotas of Districts Pilled in Whole ;
or in Part.
All Special Contracts Guarantied ! !
Jan. 21.—1 m. Baltimore, Md.
M. & J. DUFFY,
Cathedral at., near Howard, Baltimore,
KEEP on hand a large and varied assort
gBEarvQUORS; HORSE FEED of *lldsgfl
fcfc+aHkinds ; Patapsco, Family andy
FLOUR, and other good®- 80 ®"
brands selected for family use. Also, TAR by
the barrel or less quantity ; ’a good assurtraent
Will pay the highest market prioe for all
of all kinds. Sep. 16. 1860. ly
No. 134 North Gav street, Baltimore,
KEEPS on hand and make kt> order, all kinds
of the best style of workmanship, and on rea
sonable terms. I also keep YANKEE WORK,
both coarse and fine, and work suitable for ser
vants’ wear. Country friends, please give me
a call. Jan. 8,1864—1 y T. S. W.
No. 11 South street, Baltimore.
OYSTERS, GAME, Ac, served a P
at short notice. x
English. Irish and Bcotch ALES,
and BROWN STOUTS of mostapprovod brands.
Superior six-years-old ENGLISH ALE- from
the celebrated brewery of Burton on Trent, to
be had on draught. An infallible remedy for
Dvspeprfin. Sep 12.—fun _
Office in the Sherif’s Office.
WILL attend promptly to calls of all kia da
where his services as an officer are re
quired. He will collect accounts against peir
sons in any part of the county, either by six.it
or without, and make returns promptly.
Pac. 30.—4 t. ~ '
Put in a Substitute!
TYON'T delay until you are drafted,' then
I ) your substitute will co*t you double.
‘Xml To save money and avoid trouble eall
In non MILES A CO., at the Ohureh,
Corner Baltimore'and Sxeter Sts., Baltimore.
Jan- lA~la,
jtlffi foettn.
Miue ancient pedal friend, a last farewell t
So laany days we’re footed it together
The lane of life, in fair and stormy weather,
Mine eyes wellnijrh their lid-dikeg orerswell.
I well remembsr when thou didst encase
My nether limbs with pressure warm and tijfht;
And many a corny twinge from morn till night
Evinced the ardency of tlilne embree.
Boon, like the lore of some long-married wife,
Thy grap, If not as strong, was still as true.
And pleasanter; &I -4 as we grew in life,
Thou wsrt as gentle as a plaint shoe;
And while on thee I trampled every day.
To eliield me thou didst wear thy very sole away.
Though I despise the slander-monger's art,
Andseorn the wretch who blackens the fair fame
Of one whose richest fortune is hla name,
(The wretch whose steel goes deeper than the heart,)
Yet it ha 3 been my daily wont. I own,
To black thy face uat(l its skin has shone
With ebou glow, as lustrous as the hue
That forms the charm of Guinea’s native breed.
Mot ’liras not that I hated thee : indeed,
I prized thee so. that when thy sole broke through
And let in water, ’twas my special heed
A -3KU> of awls thy gaping would sho ’.ud sew ;
Aud twitching pangs athwart my pocket shoot
To part with thee at last, 0 worn and faithful bool!
Tijpo. Advertiser.
Private Miles O’Reilly’s Last.
snimnv, rsaar a vorier—a lyric or mixrd Ltoi'oas.
Let us drink in golden sherry,
As we oft have drank before,
Let us drink to General Terry,
Long of head and body—very,
To our own, dear Alfred Terry,
Of the old Tenth army corps I
Mixing drinks is dangerous—very.
Bringing headaches we deplore ;
But to Porter, feeling merry.
We drink deep in golden sherry,
Be it long 'eve Charon’s wherry,
That grim Admiral ferries o’erf
Pill to Porter aud to Terry,
They are names that we adora,
Prom Connecticut to Kerry,
Some in grog and some in sherry,
“To the Admiral and to Terry’’—
Deep libations let u* pour I
Bring the picks, and let us bury
On New England's rugged shore,
General Butler, who is very
Par from feeling extra merry,
As he reads about Alf Terry,
Of the old Tenth army eorpsl
Mr. Lincoln, who is very
Deeply skilled in classic loro,
Is devoted to his “Terry”—
His “Terentiua Afer,” very ;
But we better like Alf Terry,
Of the old Tenth army corps!
by jA-iviss rA.it’roiT.
Paui Jcncs was the first man that ever
hoisted the Stars and Stripes on a ship of
war. When the revolutionary war broke
out he was living in Philadelphia, in ex
treme poverty. ludecd, he was almost pen
niless, and had scarcely a friend in the col
onies. He wa9 born on the southern coast
of Scotland, where he lived till ho was
twelve years old, and then, having a pas
sion for the sea, he served a regular ap
prenticeship of seven years on board a ship
trading to America. He learned his busi
ness thoroughly as great men always do.—
There never lived a better sailor than Paul
Joues, and he knew the British coast as fa
miliarly as a newsboy knows Nassau. Af
ter following the sea until he was twenty
one years old, he settled a merchant in the
West Indies, where he acquired a little
property, and had good prospects of mak
ing a fortune. But in 1774, when lie was
but twenty-four years of age, he was oblig
ed, for some reason he would never tell, to
suddenlv leave the island of 1 obago, and
he sailed for Philadelphia with just fifty
pounds in his pocket; and that was all the
money be ever received from his properly
in Tobago. There is said to be a woman
at the bottom of every mischief. This, as
our readers well kuow, is a slander on the
fair sex. But the intimate friends of Paul
Jones always supposed that it was some af
fair of love that caused him to abandon
hie home and property in the West Indies.
He was always noted for his chivalric and
respectful devotion to the ladies.
In Philadelphia he lived a year and eight
months on his fifty pounds, since commerce
was nearly suspended by the refusal of the
colonists to consume British manufactures,
aDd he could get no birth on ships or
shore. Just as he was getting to his last
guinea, living almost on bread and water,
Congress resolved to have a navy.. I hen
he came forward and made known hissilua
tion and past history to a member of Con
gress, who saw the stuff he was made of,
took his cause in earnest, and got him a
lieutenant’s commission in the navy of the
United Stateß. Let us say, however that
Paul Jones was not a needy adventurer.
He was wholly devoted to the cause of his
adopted country, He understood the quar
rel between the’ colonies and the mother
country, and embraced the right side of the
dispute with all his heart and mind.
His success on the sea was wonderful.—
In one short cruise on the American coast
he took sixteen prizes, of which he burnt
eight that were not worth saving, and sent
in eight. He did not refuse battle even
with the King’s ships, one of which he cap
tured that had on board a compauy of.
troops and teu thousand suits of clothes,
which were worth to Congress, just then
their weight in silver. In about eight
months he made a fortune in prize money,
and had absolutely swept the coast clear
of all the British vessels sailing without a
powerful convoy.
Congress was prompt in rewarding him.
July 14, 1776, when he was not yet thirty
years old, he was appointed to command
the “Rangers," the best vessel of our in
fant navy, ranking as a sloop of war. At
the mast head of this immortal ship, the
Stars aud Stripes, were first flung to the
breeze; it was on this ship that the ensign
1 of the Union first received a salute fro-m
the guns of a friendly nation. This occur
i red in the French harbor of Brest in Feb
ruary, 1778, just one week after Dr. Frank
lin had signed the treaty of alliance with
. France.
> x new and brilliant scene now opened in
' the career of this heroic sailor. Closing
the ports of the “Rangers,” and removing
every other trace of her warlike character,
he sailed boldly into the Channel, aud made
' his way to that part of the coast upon
which he was born, and to tha town from
which he had sailed ten years before, every
‘ wharf and lane of which he knew. It was
’ Whitehaven a place of several thousand in
habitants, and the harbor of which cor*
' tained 300 vessels, fastened close together.
At daybreak, with two boats and thirty-one
men, he landed on a wharf ofthe town, provi
ded with alantern and twobarrels. He went
alone to a fort defending the town, and,
finding it deserted, climbed over the wall,
and spiked every gun, withont alarming
the garrison, who where all asleep in the
. guard-house near by. Then he surrounded
I the gnard-house, and took every roan pris
j oner, Neit b sprang into the only remain-
ing fort, and spiked its guns. All this !
was the work often minutes, was acconi- j
plisbed without noise and without resistance, j
Tie ships being then at his mercy, he made j
a bonfire in the storage of one of them j
which blazed up through the hatch-way ,
while Jones and liis men stood by, pistol j
in hand, to keep off the people, whom the
flames had alarmed, and who came running
| djwu to the shore in hundreds. To the forts!
was the cry. But the forts wore harmless.
When the lire had made such headway that
the destruction of the whole fleet seemed
certain, Captain Jones gave the order to
embark. He was the last to take his place
in the boat. He moved off leisurly from
the shore, and regained his ship without
the loss of a man. The people, however,
succeeded in coufining Ihe fire to two or
three ships. But the whole coast was pan
ic stricken. • Every able bodied man joined
the companies of patrolmen. It was many
a month before the inhabitants of that shore
went to sleep at night without a certaiu
dread of Paul Jones.
The next day he landed near the castle
of the Earl of Selkirk, intending to take
the Earl prisoner, and keep him a3 hostage
for the better treatment of American pris
oners in England, whom the king affected
to regard as felons, and who were confined
in common jails. The Earl w r as absent j
from home. The crew demanded liberty i
to plunder tho castle, in retaliation for the j
ra7ages of British captains on the coast of
America. Captain Jones could not deny j
the justice of their demand ; yet, abhorring j
the principle of plundering private houses j
and especially one inhabited by a lady, he i
permitted the men to take the silver plate
only, forbidding the slightest approach to
violence or disrespect. The silver plate he
himself bought when the plunder was-sold,
and sent it back to the Countess of Selkirk,
with a polite letter of explanation and apol
ogy. The haughty Earl refused to recieve
it; but Captain Jones* after a long corres
pondence, won his heart, and the silver
wa9 replaced in the closet of Selkirk Castle,
eleven years after it had been taken from it.
Such was the persevering chivalric gener
osity of Captain Jones.
The day after his visit to Lady Selkirk
wa3 that of his great fight with the British
man of war, the “Drake.” The “Drake.”
he heard, was lying at anchor in the harbor
of Carrickfergus. As he was running with
the fixed intention to fight her there, he
saw her standing out to sea in quest of him.
They met. The fight was short and furi
ous. In an hour and four minutes, the
“Drake” struck, having lost her captain,
first lieutenant, and forty men. The “Ran
ger’s, loss was nine.
The victory electrified Europe. The au
dacity, the valor, and success of Paul Jones
were the admiration of the world. Old Dr.
Franklin, who had planned the enterprise,
and had sent out to America for a captain
to come and execute it, was enchanted.—
In Paul Jones’ subsequent troubles, he
always had a staunch friend and protector
in Franklin.
A very successful man generally has ene
mies. Paul Jones experienced tho truth
of this remark. Nevertheless, after much
delay and some mortifications, Dr. Franklin
succeeded in getting him another ship, the
ever famous “Bon Homme Richard,” thus
named by Capt Jones in honor of the ven
erable editor of Poor Richard’s Almanac.
She was a largo slow, rotten old ship, and
manued by three hundred and eighty sailors
and landsmen of all nations—French, Irish,
Scotch, Portuguese, Malays, Maltese, aud
a sprinkling of Americans. It was in this
ship that the indomitable Jones fought the
“Serapis,” a new British ship of forty-four
guns, one of the stoutest vessels in the
English navy. This was perhaps the most
desperate and bloody contest that ever
took place between single ships. It was
fought in the evening of September 23,
1778, so near the Yorkshire coast that the
battle was witnessed by hundreds of specta
torson theshore. Capt. Jonesperceivingthe
superior strength of the enemy, saw that his
only chance was to come to close quarters,
early in the fight, got alongside and lashed
his ship to the side of the. “Serapis.” By
this time however, the “Bon Homme Rich
ard” had received eighteen shots below the
water line, had four feet of water in her hold,
had four guns burst and all the rest disa
bled but three, had lost a hundred meu in
killed and wounded, and was on fire. Al
most, any other man would have given up,
for the “Serapis” was still uninjured. Capt.
Jones, however, fought on with an energy
and resolution undiminished.
With his three guns, all aimed by himself,
ho kept thnudering away at the foe, while
a force of sharpshooters aloft swept the
decks of the “Serapis” with musketry. Such
was the vigor of this fire of musketry, that
at length, no man was sjen on the enemy’s
deck. Then the men of the “Bon Homme
Richard” formed a line along the main yard,
and passed hand granades to the mail at
the end, who dropped them down into tho
hold of the “Seranis,” doing tremendous
execution. For three hours tKe battle ra
ged. The “Bon Homme Richard’s” pump
was shot away, and then a new danger
threatened her. She had gone into action
with five hundred prisoners in her steerage,
and when the pump was shot away, the offi
cer in charge of the prisoners, supposing
tho ship sinking, released them. At the
same moment a hording partv from the
“Serapis” sprang up the sides of tho “Bon
Horn mo Richard.” This was the crisis of
the battle. Capt. Jones never altered.—
The boarders were gallantly repulsed ; the
prisoners were driven below aud the fight
was renewed. At half past ten in the eve
ning, the British ship being on fire in ma
ny places, her captain struck his colors.—
The “Bon Homme Richard,” was so com
• pletely knocked to pieces, that she could
not be kept afloat. She sank the next day,
and Captain Jones went into port in the
captured ship, with seven hundred priso
This great victory raised his fame to the
highest point. The King of France gave
him a magnificent diamond hiked sword,
and Congress voted him a gold medal. Af
ter the war was over, the Empress of Rus
sia invited him to join her navy with the
rank Of Rear Admiral. He accepted the
post, but the jealousy and intrigues of the
Russian naval officers disgusted him to
such a degree that he resigned and returned
to Paris. The last years of his life were
passed in obscurity. Ho died at Paris in
‘ 1" 92 -
Paul Jones was a short thick set man, of
great strength and endurance. He bad a
keen, bright eye, with a look of wildness in
1 it. His voice was soft and gentle. In his
dress and equipage of his boat and ship,
1 "he was something of a dandy. In bravery
; and tenacity of purpose he has never been
; surpassed, but in the intercourse of private
i life he wa3 one of the most amiable and
! polite of. men. __
i ggg-“Will yon help me out of this mud
r hole ?” said a traveling druggist, who had
i just been compelled to stop his team in a
. mud-hole, because they couldn’t pull it out.
‘No, I can’t stop,’ said the Yankee, who
was heavily loaded and was fearful he would
> be late for the cars.
‘I would take it as a great favor, besides
L paying you,’ said the druggist.
, ‘What are you loaded with ?’ asked the
, Yankee.
r ‘Drugs and medicines,’ said he.
‘l guess I’ll try and get yon out, then,
l for lam loaded with tombstones.'
They were seen traveling together after
• that*
Tobacco and Tobacco Smokers.
| Chemistry of the Weed—Effects
| ing—Cigars, Pipes aud Meerschaums.
j Ono of tho most interesting and novel of
all the speculations on the use of tobacco
was submitted to the British Association
for the Advancement of Science at its late
session, and the information afforded will
be well received by that large class of per
sons who indulge in the use of the weed.
Dr. Richardson first contrived an automa
ton smoker, into whose month pipes, cigars
aud meerschaums were placed, and the
smoko from them being caught aud collect
ed, enabled him to determine the products
of the combustion. These he determined
as, 1, water; 2, free carbon; 3, ammonia;
4, carbonic acid; 5, nicotine; 6, an cm
pyreumatic substanco of a resinous bitter
extract. Ho says:
“Tho water is iu the form of vapor, the
Carbon, in minute particles suspended in
the water vapor, and giving the eddies of
smoko their blue color ; the ammonia is in
the form of gas combined with carbonic
acid ‘ and the carbonic acid is partly in
combination with ammonia. The nicotine,
lie says, being a non-volatile body, remains
in the pipe ; the empyreumatic substance
! is a volatile body of an ammoniacal nature
i of the composition of which the Doctor
j confesses himself unacquainted, but which
j we have ventured to consider as resin.—
i Whatever it is, it is that which gives the
| smoke of tobacco its peculiar order, and
! determines the flavor of a cigar. It ad
j heres powerfully tp woollen materials, and
when concentrated has a most obnoxious
and intolerable spiell. The bitter sub
stance is resinous anubt vi;*rk color, prob
ably having an alkaloid as its base. Tt-is
not volatile, and only leaves the pipe or
cigar by being carried along in a fluid form.”
The varieties of tobacco are innumera
ble. Simple tobacco that has not under
gone fermentation yields very little free
carbon, much ammonia, carbonic acid, lit
tle water, a small quantity of bitter extract.
The Latakia yields the same products uni
formly, the Turkish generally more ammonia,
Havana all these products. Cavendish va
ries considerably iu its constituents; pig
tail yields all very abundantly; the little
Swiss cigars yield enormous quantities of
i ammonia, and so dry the mouth; Manilas
give very little. The Connecticut tobacco
is comparatively mild in taste, from tho ab
sence of the bitter extract.
The water vapor of smoke is not injuri
ous, but the carbon in it settles on the mu
cous membrane and irritates the throat.—
The narcotic effect of tobacco smoke, if re
ceived into the lungs, resides in the car
bonic acid ; the ammonia causes dryness, a
biting of the mucous membrane of the
throat, and an increased flow of saliva—
experiences familiar to smokers. Absorb
ed into the blood, says Dr. Richardson.it
renders the fluid too thin, causing an angu
larity of the blood corpuscles, suppression
of tho biliary secretion and yellowness of
skin, quickening and then reducing the ac
tion of the heart. In young smokers it
produces nausea. It is doubtful whether
all these effects are'to be traced to the car
bonic acid. If so, most of our mineral wa
ters, so freely drank, are dreadful poisons,
instead of being remedial agents as they
are generally esteemed.
The empyreumatic substance seems to
have little efl'ect except in giving the pecu
liar taste to tobacco smoke, and after a
while oT making the breath of smokers un
bearable. “Nicotine is rarely ever imbibed
by the cleanly smokers,” says Dr. Richard
son. It affects only those who smoke se
gars by bolding them in the mouth, or dir
ty pipes saturated with oily.matte'r. When
absorbed, its effects are injurious, such as
palpitation of tho heart, tremor and un
■ steadiness of the ujuscels, and great pros
tration. It will not, of itself, produce vom
iting, it is the bitter extract which is the
cause of this, imperceptibly swallowed and
taken into the stomach.
The method of smoking makes all the
difference iu the world. Those who use
the clean, long pipes of clay—as did our
old Knickerbockers —feel only the effect of
the gaseous bodies and the free carbon.—
! Wooden pipes and pipes with glass steins
aro injurious. Segars should never be
smoked to the end; otherwise they are
more injurious than all. Dr. Richardson
says they should be cast aside as soon as
one-half* is smoked, and always smoked
from a porous or absorbent tube. Pipes
are much less hurtful than segars. The
best pipe is a long clay pipe ; next to this,
the meerschaum is the most wholesome.—
, Dr. Richardson says, the perfection of a
pipe will be found in a meerschaum bowl,
an amber mouthpiece and a clay stem.—
All attempts at pipes to condenso the oil
, have thus far failed. Every smoker should
; i be careful ofthe manner in which he smokes.
. A short foul pipe is very unhealthy.
. The fashion of the meerschaum has large
■ ly prevailed in this country of late years.
, The material is now imported in blocks,
and manufactured here into various forms,
some very band :ome and costly. The pri
; ces range as high aa thirty-fivo dollars.—
! The proprietor of a good meerschaum
> thinks as much of it almost as of himself,
i If it is well colored, which is the result of
f absorbing the oil of the tobacco, it not on
. ly becomes beautiful in his eyes, but the
> smoko is said to be sweeter to his taste.
t . The cigar dealers assert that, notwith
* standing the heavy tax on tobacco manu
■ factures, the demand has in no way fallen
. off, but the coutrary.
I A Patriotic Family. •
> We have a family in our town who have
'■ sent into the army no less than eight volun
' teers into the country’s service since the
commencemet of the rebellion, and strange
> to relate not one of them has been wound*
! ed or has been sick any length of time. It
* is the family of Mr. John Stahl, residing in
Frederick street of this place. The father
and two sons, Calvin and Howard, enlisted
! ! in the 87th regiment, and served a three
' years’ term. George Stahl enlisted in the
* 130th regt., (of Antietam fame,) and re
* mained in service until the time he had vol
-1 uuteered for. Next one was Ovid who had
* been in the emergency service. William
1 Stahl abont one year ago, entered the I6flth
regt., and Howard re-enlisted a few months
f ago, and the last but not least, (for there is
1 one more left, who says if tho war contin
-1 ues a few years more he will be large enough
5 and intends to enter the service,) is Jacob,
> who has just entered tho army as a subsli
; tute. “Well done, good and faithful ser
-1 | vants.” —Hanover Spectator.
1 “Domestic Beoeipts in Full.”
1 Tew make watermelons the old fashnned
i wa—steal them by munelight, and eat them
. in the next lot.
> Lobsters want tew be boiled whole till
1 they are ded, pour ice cream over them,
send for the doctor, eat them before going
5 tew bed, tell your friends the next da that
yn have been threatened with an attack of
i the—rebels.
Tew remove goose pimples—kill the
goose. ,
, Tew knre hams—bathe them in Hostet
| tir’s bitters.
| t&r Whom God ehoosee, the world refuie*.
A Georgia Character.
A correspondent of the New York Eve
ning Post, who accompanied Gen. Sherman
in his march from Atlanta to Savannah,
gives that paper a most interesting account
of the campaign. Tho whole march was re
garded as a pleasure trip by the “boys,” and
they met with many amusing incidents. Af
ter crossing the Ogeechee, a part of the
army bivouacked at Welles’ Station, and
here they met a decided original. His con
versation is given as follows by the corres
pondent :
At this Station we came across an old
man named Wells, who was the most origi
nal character I ever met. He was a depot
master in the days when there was a rail
road here. He is a shrewd old man, and
seemed to understand tho merits of the
war question perfectly. He said :
“They say you are retreating, but it is
the strangest sort of retreating I ever saw.
Why dog bite them, the newspapers have
boeu lying in this way all along. They al
lers are whipping the federal armies, and
they allers fall back after the battle is over.
It was that ar’ idee that first opened my
eyes. Our army was allers whipping the
Feds, and we allers fell back. I allers told
’em it wa3 a d—d humbug and now by
I know it, for here you are right on old
John Wells’ place ; hogs, potatoes corn and
fences all gone. I don’t find any fault. I
expected it all."
“Jeff. Davis and the rest,” he continned,
“talking abont splitting the Union. Why,
if South Carolina had gone out by herself,
sho would liave been split in four pieces by
this time. Splitting the Union ! Why d—n
it, the State of Georgia is being split right
through from end to end. It is these rich
fellows who are making the war, and keep- .
ing their precious bodies out of barm’s way.
There's John. Franklin went through here
the other day. rutming away from your ar
my. I could have played -datninoes on his
coat tail. There’s my poor sick
with small pox at Macon, working for etev-~~ -
en dollars a month, and hain’t got a cent
of the d—d stuff for a year. ’Leven dol
lars a month and seven thousand bullets a
minute. I don't believe in if; sir.
“My wife came from Canada, and I kind
of thought I would some time go there to
live, but was allers afraid of the ice and
cold ; but I can tell you this country is get
ting too cussed hot for me. Look at my
fence rails burning there. I think I can
stand the cold better.
“I heard as how they cut down the trees
across your road up countyaud burnd the
bridges : why (dog bite their , hides) one
of your Yankees can take up a tree and
carry it off, tops and all; and there’s that
bridge you put across the river in less than
two hours—they might as well try to stop
the Ogeechee as you Yankees.
“The blasted rascals who burnt thisyer®
bridge thought they did a big thing ; a nat
ural born fool cut in two had more sens®
in cither end than any of them.”
“To bring back the good old times,” he
said “it’ll take the help of Divine Provi
dence, a heap of rain, and a deal of elbow
grease, to fix things up again.”
Care for Soldiers’ Orphans. —An in
stitution for the maintenance and educa
tion of the orphan children of soldiers and
sailors is about being established in Mer
cer county, Pa., with an endowment of
$200,000, of which Dr. .Egbert alone has
agreed to contribute one-half. A similar
institution on a large scale is in progress
of being founded iu this city, of which Dr.
Egbert’s 3,000 shares of oil stock is the be
ginning. It is in contemplation to purchas®
a farm in the vicinity of Philadelphia, and
associate with it suitable schools. At least
$500,000 is expected to be raised for this
enterprise.— Phila. Ledger.
— ♦*—
A Soldier's Home. —General Shields,
of Minnesota, is very proud of his borne,
and this is why we quote his own words:—
“I made my pre-emption, as you all know,
on the Fairbault praino I paid for it with
my own warrant—the warrant which I re
ceived for-my services in Mexico—the on
ly bounty which I ever raceived from the
Government of the United States for thos®
services—and I will venture to say that I
, am tho first General of the United States
Army who ever made his own pre-emption
with his own warrant. Now this, I think,
is a home to be proud of."
Advance of Civilization.— The Savan
nah Republican says that in front of tho
court-house in that city, there has been for
many years a number of tables which were
used by negro brokers as auction blocks for
the display and sale of slaves. The stands
have disappeared with the advance of civ
ilization (Sherman's army,) and have been
used for firewood to warm Abolition bodies.
Ig-A little daughter of a proprietor of a
coal mine iu Pennsylvania was inquisitive
as to the nature of hell, upon which her
father represented it to be a large gulf of
fire, of the most prodigious extent. “Pa,”
said she; “couldn’t you get the devil to
buy his coal of you ?"
of the pain and pleasure of
mankind arises from the conjectures which
every one makes of the thoughts of others.
Wo all enjoy praise which we do not bear
and resent contempt which we do not see.
gig*Rebel Money is so plentiful in Sher.
man’s camp that men light their pipes with
SSO hills and kindle their fires with SSOOO
Georgia state bonds.
t£s"A writer on natural history gives th®
following definition of a ram :—“A ram is
an animal whose butt is on the wrong end
of him.”
gp*lt is no shamo to belong to the mi
nority. Noah and his family were in th®
minority, while the vast majority went td
to the rhinocerou9, said Douglas
Jerrold, there is nothing in the world arm
ed like a woman—and she knows it.
iggrThe Chicago Tribune says Congress
is subject two two disorders—grab and
gab. •
Smith compares ihe whistle of
a locomotive to the sequal of a lawyer when
Satan gets him.
men, and the institutions
share their improvement; the moral senti>
ment w'rites the law of the land.
Billings says; ‘Tew’bring up a
child in the way lie should go—travel that
way yourself.’
you would know a man, mark his
gait; most men step to the tune of their
and churches are the impreg
nable fortifications of a free people.
I ggHnk is the Black Sea .on which
: thoughts ride at anchor.
r What kind of paper resembles a
sneeze ? Tissue.
for life—the man who
‘ marrios happily.
jyThe only everlasting people 00 oarth
ar® tho shoemakers,

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