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Jfiaitff. fantg Snimi. (A Consolidation of the American and Advocate,) IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY HAVERSTICK & LONGNECKERS. (L. M. HAVERSTICK, H. C. It J. B. LONONECKFR,) AT $2.00 PER ANNUM, In Advance. K paper discontinued uutil all arrear age, are paid, unless at the option of the Pub lishers. A failure to notify its discontinuance will be considered a renewal of subscription. rates of advertising : One square, (of 6 lines, or loss,) one insertion, 50 cents; three insertions, $1; and for every subsequent insertion, 25 cents per square. A liberal deduction made to tho6e who advertise by the year, or half year. Bv consolidating the two Baltimore county papers, the UNION has the largest Circulation of any county paper in the State, and thus ofters superior advantages to advertisers. JOB WORK: Our office, besides one of Iloe’s best Power Presses, is furnished with a good Job Press and all the necessary materials for executing plain and fancy Job Printing with neatness ami dis patch. HANDBILLS Of all sites and styles printed at short notice and on good terms. Magistrate’s and Collector’s Blanks, Deeds, and all kinds of Public Papers always on hand at the office. Professional Cards. John T. Ensor, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, Towsontown, M d. Will attend promptly and perseveringly to all i business entrusted to his care. Jan. 1, 1865.—tf. DR. J. PIPER, Office —Residence of the late Dr. E. R. Tidings. Office hours from 7 A. M., to 9 o’clock A. M. From 1 o’clock P. M., to 3 o’cl’k P. M\, and 6 o’clock P. M. Feb. 25.—tf. DR. SAMUEL KEPLER. Office and Residence —NEAR EPSOM CHURCH. Towsontown, Dec. 31, 1364.—1 y 1. XEL9O.N WtSNER. R. PRICE WISNER & PRICE, 9 ATTORNEYS AT LAW. 11 Office—No. I Smedley Row, Towsontown. HAVING formed a partnership, will give prompt attention to all law anil chancery business entrusted to their care. Sep. 17, 1864.—1 y __ Amos F. Musselman, ATTORNEY. Office No. 21 Lexington st., Baltimore city. PRACTICES in the Courts of Baltimore county.. July 9,1864.—1 y Theodore Glocker, ATTORNEY AT LAW Axn SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, No. 44 St. Paul street, Baltimore, Md. PARTICULAR attention given to Chancery and Orphans’ Court business, in the Courts of Baltimore city and county. All communications or business left with Mr. JOHN R. D. BEDFORD,Conveyancer,Towson town, will be promptly attended to. March 12, 1864,—tf.' O. C. Warfield, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Towsontown. J)REPARE3 applications for BOUNTY, BACK PAY and PENSIONS. Feb. 20.—tf . Jos. P. Merryman. ATTORNEY AT LAW, 71 West Fayette street, Balt. Jan. 9,1864.—1 y ©. MERRV.tfAN. E. P. KEECH, I*. D. S j m MERRYMAN & KEECH, DENTISTS, No. 50 North Calvert street, Baltimore. March 26, 1864.—1 y __ | R. R. Boarman, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY. Smedley Row, opposite Court House, TOWSONTOWN. WILL promptly attend to all business en trusted to his care. Jan. 18.—tf LEWIS ■. WHEELER. WILLIAM 8. KEECH Wheeler & Keech, ATTORNEYS AT LAW AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY, Offioe No. 1 and 2 Smedley Row, Towsontown- HAVING formed a PARTNERSHIP for the practice of Law, will give paompt atten tion to the collection of claims and business in general in the Orphans’Court and Circuit Court for Baltimore county. Aug. 27, 1859—tf DR. G. H. DAVISON HAVING located in TOWSONTOWN, offers his professional services to the public. OFFICE AND RESIDENCE—Next door to residence of Jos. J. Stewart, Esq., Pennsylvania Avenue. July 23.—tf R. W. Tbmpleman. Chas. J. Pennihgton Wk. 11. Shipley. Agents for sale of Maryland Lands, Office (up stairs) No. 48 Lexington st., Baltimore. R. W. Templeman, & Co., OFFER their services to the public for the Sale of Farms, and Real Estate generally. They have, as Surveyors, a general knowledge of the lands of parts of the State, and unusual facilities otherwise for the transaction of such business. Plats and descriptions of all prop erties they may have for sale, will be kept m book form. Parties wishing to sell or purchase will please oominunicate by letter as above. Pet. 31.—1 y , FRANK L. MORLIN G, FLORIST, SEEDSMAN AND NURSERYMAN, Store No. 2 North Eutaw, Street, Baltimore, Nurseries on the Hookstown Road Adjoin ing Druid Hill Park, WOULD invite the attention of the citizens of the county, to his Stock \ of GARDEN SEEDS, %gISPT,OWER SEEDS, FRUlTMfflagffi GRAPE VINES, •4mT&ll Small Fruits. Bvergreen and Ornamental Shade Trees, Green House, Hot House and Hardy Plants, Reses and Flowering Shrubs. . .. I will be prepared to furnish early in the season, the following Plants:—Cabbage Let tuce, Celery, Tomato, Egg Plants, Ac., Ac. Jan. 28.—3 m. "CARPENTER AND BUILDER. rpHE Undersigned, having taken up his |es -1 In the Tenth District, on the new Turnpike leading from Meredith’s Ford to Sweet Air, Tespseffully asks of the public a ghareofthe fouiipfißito Building gnd Cflrpcfi* tw tW&m “ Bf. MATTHEW*. Jar, 26, 1865. —tL County Advertisements. WARREN STORE, In the Thriving Little Village of WARREN. GREAT REDUCTION OF PRICES IN ALL KINDS OF GOODS. riIHE proprietors of the “Warren Store" are I offering great inducements to the citizens of this neighborhood, that is worthy of their attention. We offer to the public the best se lection of goods that can be found in any store in the country, and will guarantee to soli them at less than city retail prices. All goods sold here warranted as represented or the money refunded. Our stock consists in part of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, CHINA WARE, CROCKERY WARE, EARTHENWARE, STONEWARE, GLASSWARE, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS, CAPS, ! DRUGS, DYE STUFFS, OIL AND PAINTS, MEDICINES. GLASS. PUTTY, WHITE LEAD, LINSEED A NEATS FOOT OIL, PAR.VPLIINE OIL, KER OSENE OIL, MACHINE OIL, MACKEREL, HERRINGS, BA CON, HAMS, BREAST PIECES, SHOULDERS, G. A, SALT, Fine Salt, Flour, Corn Meal, Mill Feed, Hom ony Buck Wheat. TIN AND WOODEN WARES, Brooms, Ropes, Plow Lines, Shoe Findings, Wrot Nails, Cut Nails, Spikes, Rivets, and eve ry article that may be found in a well regulat ed country 9tore. COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds taken in exchange for goods at citv prices. H. P. THOMAS, For Warren Manufacturing Company. Feb. 18.—ly. GOODS! GOODS! GOODS! I AM receiving weekly fresh additions to ntv stock 0f,4 L>RY GOODS, GROCERIES, QUEENS WARE, Ac., which MMMHyil'j consists in part of— aUsaSHlS®' Persian Cloth; Ladies’ Black Dre.s bilks; Valencias and De Baize; assortment of Pur ples and Mournings (English Prints); Manches ! ter and Domestic Ginghams; Ladies’Shawls in great varieties, and Mantillas ; Nubias; French Worked Collars ; Undersleeves; Insertions and Edgings; Furniture Calico; Ladies’, Gentle men and Childrens’ Hosiery in great variety ; Black Alpacas from 25 to 75 cts; Bleached and Unbleached Muslins ; -Shirting Linens from 25 to 871 cts.; Table Diapers and Cloths; Sheetings, bleached and unbleached ; Napkins from 75 cts. to $3 per doz.; Linen, Ilabakuk, Diaper, and Linen Crash, bleached and un bleached. Gentlemens’ Black Doeskin Gassimeres, and a beautiful quality of French Cloths, Cae sinetts, Tweeds, Kentucky Jeans, with every variety of gentlemens’ wear. Sugar, Molasses, Green and Browned Coffees of the best quality always on hand ; Green and Black Teas; Best Sugar-Cured Hams, Middling and Shoulder Bacon, Baltimore eured—with a general assortment of Groceries, Provisions, Hardware, Qaeensware, Tinware, Medicines, Boots, Shoes, Hats and Caps, Ac., Ae., in great variety. Also, Super, Extra, Best Extra, and Family FLOUR. MRS. M. A. SHEALEY, May 2.—tf Towsontown, Md. Auctioneer. THE undersigned having taken out a Gov ernment License for stli as well as the 2d Congressional District, is prepared to attend sales in any part of Baltimore or Harford coun ties, or any other portion of said Districts, ex cept Baltimore city. JE&. Having removed from Sweet Air to Towsontown, persons having business with me will please address me at Towsontown, or ap ply to Mr. Church, Advocate Office, Mr. Long necker A Sons, American Office, or Mr. Nelson Cooper, at his store. SAMUEL G. WILSON, Dec. s.—tAlo Towsontown, Md. ioticeT THE firm of Longnecker A Sons having been dissolved, all persons having claims against the above firm, of any kind, will nlease present them to the undersigned, and all per sons being in any way indebted either for sub j scription to the Baltimore County American.or for advertising, are requested to make immedi ate payment to the above. All persons indebt ed to John H. Longnecker for subscription to, or advertising in the above paper, previous to November 15th. 1863, are earnestly requested to make payment as above. Bills will be seat to all so indebted. H. C. LONGNECKER, J. B. LONGNECKER. J. 11. LONGNECKER, Jan. 7.—tf. TOWSONTOWN FEMALE SEMINARY. Boarding and day school for young Ladies. Mn. MARGARET R. SCHENCK, Principle. (Late Principal of the Columbus Female Sem inary, Ohio.) The term, will commence on Wednesday, February, B ih. Feb. lh—4t* LODI COMP ANTS’ POUDRETTE. WE again offer this celebrated Manure to Farmers. After 25 years trial it is found to be the cheapest and best fertilizer used,over 10,000 bbls. were sold last year, the demand ex ceeding the supply. For Tobacco, Corn, Potatoes and Vegetables, it is unsurpassed. The Company manufacture also, BoneTa-feu, (a substitute for Super Phosphate,) from Bones, Blood, Offal, Night Boil and Peruvian Guano, ground fine. Price SSO per Ton. Coe’s Phosphate; made by W. L. Bradly, Boston. Having been appointed an Agent for this celebrated Phosphate, we shall have a con stant supply on hand. Pamphlets with full particulars, with price, may be obtained by addressing the Company’s Agents, BOWEN A MERCER, No. 3 Exchange Place, Baltimore. February 25.—2 m. plougbTcastin gs ! PLOUGH CASTINGS l! I rpilE attention of Farmers and Merchants is I invited to my full aud complete stock, em bracing all the various sizes of the Wiley, i Woodcock, Smith, Atwood, Minor A Horton, i Wisconsin, and other kinds, all of which will be sold low by the single piece or ton. Albo, a good assortment of Ploughs, at less than regular price#, at No. 142 N. Gay street, Baltimore. HENRY WILCOX. Feb. 6.—tf TO REAL ESTATE OWNERS. | rpHE undersigned are now dealing extensive- I A ly in the vale of FARMS and LANDS in i all parts of Maryland, especially in Baltimore county. Those desiring to sell at good prices, will send us a full description. No Sale no Charge. a9**AU Legal Claims of soldiers prosecuted. EATON A CO., Baltimore. Office—No. 26 St. Paul Street between Lex ington and Fayette. Feb. 4,1865.—tf. TAKE NOTICE. FALL STYLES OF HATS, 1864. WE are now prepared to fur nish our friends and thcsSsSSlS public with the FALL STYLES RRtfg%&- OF HATS, for Gentlemen’s wear, RMBRIR i which will compare favorably with any sold in the efty of Baltimore. , ALSO, SOFT FELT HATS, Latest pattern, for Gentleman, Youthe and CtlUrJU™. T.rj Oct. 16.—tf No. 106 fray etreet. TOWSONTOWN, MD., SATURDAY. MARCH 25, 1865. Railroad Directory. Northern Central Railway. TRA INS NO R TIT WA RD. Mail leaves Calvert Station at 9.20 A. M. Pittsburg and Erie Express 8.00 P. M. Pittsburg and Elmira Express 10.00 P. M. ' Harrisburg Accommodation leaves at 2.50 I*. M. Parkton Accommodation No. 1 “ 7.20 A. M. Parkton Accommodation No. 3 “ 5.00 T. M. TR A INS SO VTil WA RD. Mail train arrives at Calvert Station 5.30 P. M. Pittsburg, Elmira and Eric Express..?.oo A. M. Harrisburg Accommodation arrives 12.2(1 A. M. Parkton Accommodation, No. 2 8.30 A. M. Parkton Accommodation, No. 4 7.25 P. M. Pittsburg Express through without change of cars. ’ Express Train leaves at 10.00 daily. Express Train a t 8.00 daily, except Saturdays, for Harrisburg. Pittsburg and Erie. Express at 10.00 P. M., Sundays, for Harris burg, Pittsburg and the West only, arrives dai ly except Mondays. Express at 8.00 P. M., leaves daily except Saturdays. Mail daily, except Sundays. Harrisburg Ac commodation leaves daily except Sundays.— Mail and Express will not stop between Balti more and Parkton. Baltimore A Ohio Railroad. Mail Train for the Ohio river will leave Bal timore daily (except Sunday) at 9.00 A. M. Express Train will leave Baltimore daily at 9.40 P. M. Both trains connect at the Ohio river for all points West, Southwest and Northwest. Frederick Train leaves Baltimore daily at 4. 00 P. M.; and Frederick at 7.00 A. M., Sundays excepted. The Ellicott’s Mills Train leaves Baltimore at 6.20 and 10.00 A. M., and 2.00 F. M.; and El licott’s Mills at 7.00 and 11.30 and 3.30 I*. M. FOR WASHINGTON. Leave Baltimore at 4.30, 7.00, 8.50, 9.40 a. m. and 3.30, and 6.00 P. M. On Sundays at 4.30 8.50 A. M., and 3.30 and 6.00 P. M. Leave Washington at 6.16, 8.15 and 11.15 A. M., and 3.00, 4.30, and 6.45 P. M. On Sundays at 8.15, 11.15 and 3.00 A. M., and 3.00 P. M. The O. a. in. and 3.30 p. in. trains ouly from Balti more, and the 8.15 a. m. and 3.00 p. m. from Washington stop at way points. The 7.00, 8.50 a. m. and the 3.30 and 6.00 p. m. from Balti more, and the 6.15 and 8.15 a. ni. and 3.ooand 4.30 p. m. trains from Washington connectwith trains on the Annapolis road. Philadelphia Railroad. Way Mail Train for Philadelphia and way stations, at 8.25 a. m. Express Train for Philadelphia and New York at 9.20 a. m. Express Train for Philadelphia and New York at 1.10 p. m. Way Mail Train for Philadelphia and way stations at 4.25 p. m. Express Train for Philadelphia and N. York at 6.35 p. m. Above trains leave daily except. Sundays.— On Sundays for Philadelphia and New York at 9.25 p. ni. For Salisbury and intermediate points on Delaware Railroad take 9.25 p. m., train, and for Dover, Deleware, take the 1.00 p. in;, train. Western Maryland Railroad. Leave Union Bridge at 4.35 A. M. and 8.47 A. M. Leave Baltimore at 9.20 A. M. and 3. P. M. Stages connect daily with Manchester and Hampstead, at Glen Morris Station, on arrival of 9.20 A. M. train from Baltimore, and for Uniontown, Taneytown and Emmittsburg. on arrival of same train at Linwood Station. BALTIMORE & TOWSONTOWN RAILWAY. ON an after Monday, October 10th, 1864, cars will LEAVE BALTIMORE EVERY HOUR, In the Charles Street Cars, corner of Baltimore and North streets, FROM 7 A. M. TO 6 P. M., except 12 M. And will leave CORNER EAST AND ENSOR STS., Old Town, EVERY HOUR, FROM 7.15 A. M. TO 6.15 P. M., Except at 12.15 noon. The cars connect at North Boundary Avenue. LEAVE TOWSONTOWN EVERY HOUR, FROM 7 A. M. TO 7 P. M., except at 12 M. A car will leave the corner of EAST AND ENSOR STREETS at 11 P. M. Oct. 15.—tf A. D. SANIvS, Agent. CHANGE OF HOUEsT Baltimore, Gatonsville & Ellicott’s Hills RAILWAY. FALL AND WINTER ARRANGEMENT. ON and after Monday, October 3d, 1864, cars will run HOURLY, FROM 7 A. M. TO 12 M., AMI) FROM 2 TO 7 P. M., DAILY, Sundays included. PASSENGERS TO AND FROM ELLICOTT’S MILLS will leave daily, Sundays included, at 8 and 11 A. M., and 2 and 5 P. M. Depot west end of Baltimore street. Oct. B.—tf Substitute Brokers. Special Notice. Headquarters for Drafted and En rolled Men for the City and Counties. WANTED this day, FIFTY good Alien or Contraband SUBSTITUE3, for which we will pay the highest price. We invite all of our friends (who are subject to draft) not to fail in procuring a Substitute for three years, Jirevious to draft, which may take place in a ew days ; (and as our motto was from thefirst, so it is now, to deal fairly with all men.) As time is money, you can call and leave your orders and no further personal time would be required and your full discharge papers for three years would be brought to your place of business for settlement. 'iHft-As we do not ask for money in advance, call early at the "OLD ESTABLISHED OF FICE,” Lairf Buildings, St Paul street, Room No. 6, up stairs. WM. H. BAYZAND ft CO., Feb. 4.—2 m. Authorized Agents. The Old Established and Reliable Substitute Agency, GEO. COLTON & CO., 28 Second Street, Nearly Opposite the Dost Office, HAVING been for a long time in the busi iness of furnishing Districts and individ uals with Substitutes, and enlisting Volunteers for the Armv and Navy, and being thoroughly familiar with every department of our occupa tion, We can offer great facilities to those who may need our services. Those who wanttoen ter the service, either as Substitutes or Volun teers, as well as those who want Substitutes for themselves or friends, would do well to give us a call. ffi&r Contracts taken for filling quotas, as heretofore. Exemption papers of all kinds carefully E repared ana advice furnished. Claims of all inds collected with dispatch. RFMEMBER THE PLACE! 28 Second Street, Baltimore, Md* Feb. 25.—-2 m. COME OUT OF THE DRAFT 1 Enroled and Drafted Hen of the Oity and Counties, NOW is your time to putin good alien SUB STITUTES, at the shortest possible notice, and Cheaper thax the Cheapest, thereby ob taining a release for 3 years, with a guarantee from us besides, SUBS ARE SCARCE and the PRICES GOING UP EVERY DAY. Therefore, all Enroled Men who intend to furnish a> SUB. Erevious to the taking place of the Draft, can e supplied by making early application at our I offiee, 76 West Fayette street, Bible House, up stairs, and at oUr office, EllieotPs Mills, 4th doOT from the Provost Marshal’s office. I We do not ask for any money until we present vour ftill dieharge for three years. ' Vm. B. BABSCIR ft CO., Jan. Authorised Agents. Official Record for 1865. Public Officers of the United States. President —Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois. Vice President —Hanuibal Hamlin, of Maine; after March 4th, Andrew Johnson, of Tenn. Secretary of State —William H. Seward, of New York. Secretary of the Treasury —William Pitt Fes senden, of Maine. Secretary of War —Edwin M. Stanton, of Pennsylvania. Secretary of the Navy —Gideon Welles, of Con necticut. Secretary of the Interior —John P. Usher, of Indiana. Postmaster General —Win. Dennison, of Ohio. t torney General —James J. Speed, of Ken tucky. Judge Advocate General —Jos. Holt, of Ken tucky. Provost-Marshal General —James B. Fry. Commissioner of Internal Revenue— Joseph J. Lewis, of Pennßy vania. Commissioner of Agriculture —lsaac Newton, of Pennsylvania. Chief-Justice of the Supreme Court —Salmon I’. Chase, of Ohio. Public Officers of Maryland. Governor —Augustus W. Bradford, Baltimore county. Lieut. Governor —Christopher C. Cox, Talbot county. Secretary of State —William B. Hill, Baltimore city. Attorney General— Alexander Randall, Anne Arundel county. Adjutant General— John S. Berry, Baltimore countv. Comptroller —Robert J. Jump, Caroline co. Treasurer —Robert Fowler, Baltimore countv. Commissioner of Land Office —William L. W. Seabrook, Frederick county. Judges Courtof Appeals —B. J. Goldsberough, Ist district; James L. Bartol, 2d district; 8. Morris Cochran, 3rd district; Daniel Weisel, 4th district; Richard I. Bowie, sth district. Superintendent of Public Instruction-*— L. Van Bokkelen, Baltimore county. United States Senators —Reverdy Johnson, Baltimore city ; J. A. J. Creswell, Ceeil co. Representatives in Congress —J. A. J. Creswell, Ist district; Edwin H.‘Webster, 2J district; Henry Winter Davie, 3rd district; Francis Thomas, 4th district; Benjaman G. Harris, sth district. Public Officers of Baltimore County. Judge— Richard Grason. State's Attorney —John T. Ensor. Clerk —John H. Longnecker. Sheriff —Tames Thompson. Register —John Philpot. Treasurer —Christian Gore. Judges of the Orphans’ Court —Stephen W. Falla, James A. Standi ford, Joseph Merryman. County Commissioners —Joshua F. Cockoy, James Button, Daniel J. McCauley. State Senator —Edward P. Philpot. House of Delegates —W. H. Hoffman, George Slothower, D. K. Luaby, David King, Z. Poteet, N. H. Parker. Collectors of Internal Revenue —Jan. L. Ridge ly, 2d district ; George W. Sanda, sth district. Assessors of Internal Revenue —John W. Web ster, 2d district; Win. Welling, sth district. Boat'd of Enrolment, Id District —Robt. Catb cart, Provost Marshal; Jona.J. Chapman, Com missioner; J. Robert Ward, Surgeon. Board of Enrolment, s tk District —John C. Holland, Provost Marshal; Benjamin Whit wright, Commissioner; Dr. Dorsey, Surgeon. Miscellaneous. WE have on hand and are constantly re ceiving, all the different varieties of COAL, fur family use, steam, blacksmith and limeburners’ purposes, which we offer for sale in quantities to suit, at the lowest market pri ces. Our country friends, sending their teams for Coal, will find our yard the most convenient one in the city to load at. Coal delivered promptly at any of the sta tions on the Nortnern Central, or Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore railroad. W. F. H. ONION, Corner Lombard street and Central Avenue. Feb. 20.—1 y. JOS. E. QUINLAN, W HOLES ALK AN D RETAIL DEALER IN FLOUR, FEED, GROUND BONE. GUANOS, LIME, HAIR, CEMENT, CALCINED PLASTER, Seeds of all Kinds, Constantly on hand at No- 149 North Gay st, near Exeter, Baltimore I AM at all times buving WOOL, for which I am paying the HIGHEST CASH PRICES. JOS. E. QUINLAN. April 28, 1804.—1 y JOHN D. HAMMOND, SADDLE, HARNESS, TRUNK, AND COLLAR MANUFACTURER, WHOLESALE A RETAIL, No- 848 Baltimore st., APSfiUEb |E||||j|p ©g 8 doors below Eutaw r\-- ti-rJrfi N° use ' Baltimore, gJRMfI MANUFACTURES and keeps constantly on hand every description of SADDLES. HARNEBB, TRUNKS, VALISES, CARPET BAGS, COLLARS, and every other article in his line. All orders executed with neatnees and dispatch. July 9, 1864.—1 y JACOB HOFFMAN, SADDLE, HARNESS AND COLLAR MAN UFACTURER. No. 176 North Gay Street, Baltimore. MANUFACTERES and keeps constantly on hand all kinds of light and heavy Har ness, Collars, Saddles, Bridles, Whips, Ao. Old Harness taken in exchango. Country work of all kinds punctually attended to. Repairing promptly executed. Feb. 4.—3 m. SCHUCHMANN A HEIM, jb MANUFACTURERS OF Traveling Trunks, Valise# and Ladies Bonnet Boxes, No. 6 W. Baltimore Street, BALTIMORE. TRUNKS MADE TO ORDER Jan. 14, 1865.—1 y. JOSEPH REILLY’S SALOON & RESTAURANT, No. 11 South street, Baltimore. OYSTERS, CAME, Ae, served at short notice. English, Irish and Beotoh ALES, and BROWN STOUTS of most approved brands. Superior six-years-old ENGLISH ALB, from the celebrated brewery t>f Burton on Trent, to be had on draught. An infallible remedy for Dyspepsia. Sep 12.—6 m ' # HATTER’S Pure Flaxseed I>T*ops, FOR COUGHS, COLDS, AND ALL AFFEC TIONS OF THE THROAT, No. 133 North Gay strut, Baltimore. ALL kinds of CAKES AND CONFECTION ERY, of the best quality, on reasonable erms. NbV. 16. —tf GEORGE O. MoCOULL, UNDERTAKER, No. 131 Saratoga street, 1 dor west of Howard TS prepared to furnish COFFIRB at 26 jHK 1 oent.lek* than the usual price, and of ine finish, for cash. Jan. 26, 1806.— 1 y. Select f octt^. OUR HEROES. (Thk poem given below lias been recited by Mr. Mur dock before large audiences in Philadelphia and Balti more, whore it was received with shouts, and applaud ad verse by verse : ] Cherks ! cheers, for our heroes' Not those who wear stars; Not those who wear eagles, And leaflets and bars ; We know they are gallant, And honor them too, For bravely maintaining The Bed, White, and Blue! But cheers for our soldiers. Rough, wrinkled, and brown; The men who make heroes, And ask no renown: Unselfish, untiring, Intrepid and true. The bulwark surrounding The Red, White, and Blue ! Our patriot soldiers! When treason arose, And Freedom's own children Assailed her as foes ; When Anarchy threatened And Order withdrew, They rallied to rescue The Red, White, and Blue! Upholding our banner On many a field, Tho doom of the traitor They valiantly sealed; And, worn with the conflict, Found rigor anew, When victory greeted The Red, White, and Blue! Yet loved ones have fallen— And still, where thej> sleep, A sorrowing Nation Hh&ll silently weep; And Spring’s fairest flowers, In gratitude, strew O'er those who hare cherished The Red, White, and Blue ! But glory immortal Is waiting them now ; And chaplets unfading •Shall bind every brow. When called by the trumpet, At Time’s great review, They stand, who defended The Red, White, and Blue ! A JUG OF RUM. Here, only by a cork controlled, And slender walls of earthen mould. In all the pomp of death, repose The seeds of many a bloody nose : The chattering tongue, the horrid oath ; The fist for lighting, nothing loth ; The passion which no word can tame, That burst like sulphur into flame; The nose carbunkled, glowing, red ; The bloated eye, the broken head; The tree that bears the deadly fruit, Of murder, maiming, and dispute. Assault that Innocence assails, The images of gloomy jails; The giddy thought on mischief bent; The midnight hour in riot spent; All these within this jng appear, And Jack the hangman in the rear. ipsMianflroji RULING BY LOVE. Experience of a School-Teacher. ‘What is the secret of your discipline ?’ inquired a young teacher of Mrs. L , a veteran of the school-room. ‘You are not half so severe as I ain obliged to be, and yet you have more perfect order in every thing.’ ‘Oh, you know,’ was tho reply, ‘that I have had years of experience. I should be but a poor scholar if I had not learnod in my own schools many things.’ ‘Yes, certainly,’ said the other ; ‘but were you always as successful ? What faculty of head or heart carries you so easily through all sorts of difficult places ! Won’t you have the kindness to tell me what you do, or don’t do to get on so well with childreu, and parents, too ?’ ‘lf I can suggest anything to be of ser vice to you,’ said Mrs. L , ‘I should be happy to do so. In the first plac, I have but few definite rules, and govern as little as possible. Then I -observe my pupils closely, marking their individual peculiari ties, and treat tfiein according to their de velopment oftalent and character. Some I lead by their strong points : in others I stimulate the weaker faculties; in all I play upon the better nature, and avoid all 1 cau the sharp resistive qualities so active in vicious boys and ill-governed children generally. ‘I do not punish as much as I once did ; I throw my pupils upon their own sense of honor and right, making them feel that I trust them, and it often works like a charm. But above all, I make them feel that I love them, and am seeking their good in every thing. The majority of nupils in every school will respond to kindness and behave better and learn more for such friendliness than for any other sort of discipline. A teacher, to be sure, must command respect, and not allow herself to be trifled with ; and in cases of willful or malicious disobe dience her authority must be fully main tained ; bat through these years I have found, as a general thing, love to be the strongest of all authority in the school room.’ ‘I love my pupils,’ said the young teach er ; ‘I would be glad to do all I could - for their welfare; and they love me, I do not doubt; but oh, Mrs. L ! many of them are so repulsive, I never could get any noarer them than kindness and duty obliged mo.’ ‘I appreciate all that,’ said Mrs. L ; ‘one has to love sometimes against every thing—to love, not for the worthiness of the object, but for its need of being loved. Of coarse, this involves some self-denial, and a little self-discipline, bat the true teacher will accept it, for her work is of a missionary character.’ ‘Can you do that, Mrs. L , for such boys as your Jack and Jim ? Have you the genius for loving so perfectly ?’ ‘lfyou will allow me,’ said Mrs. L , ‘I will tell you a story of my experience.— Some years ago I was principal of a depart ment in a large public school in P . The department had been badly managed for a long time, and I found it at first a very dif ficult position. I knew there was much ex pectea of me, and I was very sensitive about success or failure. Oh, what a task it was to get those 120 undisciplined chil dren into order—and with feeble health, too ! I think I could not havo done it had I not been sustained by prayer, and a daily reliance upon God, my Father. “There were many foreigners among my somber, Germans mostly, and some Irish. I had been particularly warned of one boy, who bad been for years considered the worst in school. It took but a few days to find him out—a rough, ill-condi tioned lad as you oversaw in a school-room. His father was a passionate man, and Wal ter had been beaten and scolded until the good that was in him had apparently al most died out. He was an inveterate whis perer, would not study, and played truant some part of nearly every day ; he would •lip out when my back was turned at the black-board while his class was reciting.— I tried every way I could to stimulate his ambition; I gave him rewards and pres ents, but they lasted only a few days, add then he tore them up or gave them awaiy in my presence, and grew worse than before. ‘One day I went borne from school fairly worried out with his halefulness, and sfct down alone to think what was next to be done. I pitied the poor child that there was nobody to care -for and save him ; tye was bo unlovely that he suffered a sort ot abuse from every band that touched him. Then I thought bow infinitely patient and loving Ohriit bad been with iny own Way wardness, and I resolved to make one more effort for this sinning, frisndless child.— So I knelt down and asked God for strength 1 and for love, and when I went out of my room I saw all clear. ! “Tho next day the boy’s father came i dragging him into the school-room, with an angry, discouraged look. ‘Here’s Walt.,’ ; said he—‘l don’t know what ails the boy, ! but I can’t do anything with him. If ho ! runs away again he Bhan’t come to school i another day—l’ll put him iuto a shop to work.’ i “I think we shall have no more trouble, i Mr. J ,’ said I; ‘Walter will be good uow.’ The man looked astonished and went | away, but I felt as if victory was uear at ' hand. After tho cxcitenieut of such a i scene had subsided, I called Walter to rny desk and spoko in the kindest manuer I i could : ‘Walter, what makes yon such a ! bad boy ?’ ‘He answered sullenly, ‘I don’t know ; I 1 cau’t help it.’ , ‘ ‘Wouldn’t yon rather bo good so people i will lovo you—so your teacher will love 1 you, and be glad to seo your faco coming ; into the school ?’ ‘‘l can’t be good—l never was good,’ j said the boy. ! “Couldn’t you be good if I would love you, Walter?’ * j * ‘You couldn’t love me—nobody ever ; loved me,’ said Walter, looking down very restlessly. ‘ ‘Yes, Walter,’ said I, ‘if you would try to be good I could lore you, and I would love You, and be the best friend in the world.’ ‘The boy looked up as if a strange, new thought bad struck him. ‘I repeated my words, and the tears start ! ed a little, too, for I was tired and nervous with my cares. A moment I waited for an I answer, and then he spoke, choking down his emotion : ‘You can't love me !’ I “Again 1 assured him in the gentlest ; manner, and then he said, ‘lf I should try j and should fail once or twice, could you , lovo me then a little ?’ I told him yes. ‘He stood another moment trembling and | swelling, and then he broke down entirely, and cried as if bis heart was bursting. I let him cry, and did not shut back my own tears, while the whole school looked on.— Finally, when he had done sobbing so as to speak, he said in a voice that didn’t seem like Walter’s‘Ob, ifyou’U love me, I’ll be a good boy ’ ‘I talked awhile to 300 the and encourage him, and then dismissed him to his seat.— Before he went he took my hand in his dir ty brown fingers, aud with the tears raining over it, kissed it again and again. I did oot require many lessons that day; he laid his head on his desk and cried most of the time. Twice he came to my desk, as if afraid to believe, to ask the same question —*Can you love me, Mrs. L ? Oh, I’ll do anything ifyon’ll love, me !’ Once I put my arm rouud the great, uncombed, unwash ed German boy, and kissed his forehead. ‘Walter was conquered. The next day he came to school in tidy clothing, k washed, combed, and in his right mind. I ; had no more trouble, but I had, while he remained in my room, all the obedience • and kindness saeh a boy can give. By taking some extra pains wihfc his lessons— and that I was very willing to do—he was 1 in a few months promoted with credit to & higher department. In return, lie delight ed in doing errands for me; and through 1 the whole season he searched the country f for miles around to get flowers for my vase. The incident was a trying one to me, but ! besides the good to poor Walter, it was worth a dozen whippings to the school.’ i ‘Why,’ said the young teacher, ‘it is in deed liko missionary work to kiss dirty ■ boys, but you have the genius for it.’ 1 ‘We are all aware,’ answered Mr. L , 1 ‘that to teach successfully, one needs the ! devotedness of a missionary. We know, * also, that no great moral good is ever done • but by giving out of one’s heart and life to ■ the needy and the unworthy. To use one’s 1 faculties of friendship and kindness without [ stint or grudging, is all that genius means, as yon apply the term. And it has for the l giver as well as the receiver its own abun -1 dant and blessed reward.' —Phrenological 1 Journal. ; OirWealth. f There is no doubt much speculation in the manufacture and sale of shares of Oil Companies, and much of the capital that ! finds its way into them will no donbt prove ' an entire loss to the inventors, but this fact 1 should not be allowed to mitigate against * the full development of the great oil basin * on the western borders of our State. That L there is oil there in great abundance, aud • that this oil is of immense value, are facts * daily proved by the market reports of pro ' ductiou and prices. The following is the ’ quantity of coal oil (gallons) exported from 5 five ports, January Ito September 3: ! 1863. 1864. ' From New York, 14,004,493 13,821,423 Boston, 1,005,574 1,344,707 Philadelphia, 5,141,347 4,282,646 r; Baltimore, 605,889 729,792 ; Portland, 2,271 288,567 i • J Total exp. fr. U. S., 20,965,324 20,467,135 Same time in 1862, 5,889,936 * These figures show that there is no fall ' ing ofl'in thesupplyof oil, as had been previ ously feared and predicted by those who • could not rationally and satisfactorily, ac ’ count for the wonderful existence of oil so * far below the surface of the earth. There 1 has been a small increase in the supply the present year over that of last, and there is 1 reason to believe that bad as much atten -5 tion been given to the sinking of wells as there has been to that shorter cut to a for , tune by the manufacture of company shares, - the increased yield of oil would have been - as great in 1864 over 1863 as it was in 1863 s over that of 1862. But it does not follow 1 that the loss to inventors in unproductive shares will result in no good. The specula • tion now so active in oil stocks is attract -1 ing a great amount of capital and labor to : the region, which will sooner or later tell ■ favorably in the greatly increased produc > tion of oil. No new and valuable source I of wealth can be promptly developed with ’ out more or less of speculation. The sil ver mines of Mexico, the gold mines of r California, and the anthracite and bitumin . ous coal mines of Pennsylvania, would not b&ve reached their present development of ; wealth, had they been wholly separated I from speculation in one shape or another, in twice or thrice the time since tbeir dis . covery, but for the stimulus afforded in the • hope of speedy and large profits from com paratively small ventures. “Broke or his Rest.”—About the droll ; est man alive is a chap now in Chicago, well known in northern Vermont by the name of “Tim Wait.” Say what you might to Tim, be was always ready with a repar tee, and a good ono. On one occasion he came into a hotel in Burlington, looking rather jaded and down in the mouth. “What’s the matter, Tim r said one of the company. “You look rather the worse for wear.” “Why, you see,” said Tim, “I haven’t slept a wink for three nights—last night, to-night and to-morrow night.” ; Mr innocent young sportsman, in or der to shoot a Squirrel on the top of a tall tree, climbed another one close by, and on being asked the reason for so foolish a freak, said that he “didn't want to strain his gun by a long shot P* Sabbath Physiology. The Almighty rested one seventh of the time of creation, commanding man to ob serve an equal repose. The neglect of this injunction will always, sooner or later, bring mental, moral, and physical death. Rest is an invariable law of animal life. The busy heart beats, beats ever, from in fancy to ago and yet for a large part of the time is in a state of repose. Win. Pitt died of apoplexy at the early age of forty seven. When the destinies of nations hung in a large measure on his do ings, ho felt compelled j.o give au unremit ting attention to affairs of state. Sabbath brought no rest to him, and soon the uu willing brain give signs of exhaustion. — But his presence in Parliament was con ceived to be indispensable for explanation and defense of the public policy. Under such circumstances, it was his custom to eat heartily substantial food, most highly seasoned, just before going to his place, in order to afford the body that strength and to excite the mind to that activity deemed necessary to the momentous occasion.— But under the high tension both brain and body perished prematurely. Not long ago, one of the most active bus iness men of England found his affairs so extended, that he deliberately determined to devote his Sabbaths to his accounts.— He had a mind of a wide grasp. His views were so comprehensive, so far-seeing, that wealth came in upon him like a flood. He purchased a cou n try seat at the cost of £400,- 000, determining that lie would now have rest and quiet. But it was too late. As he stopped ou his threshold after a survey of his late purchase, lie become apoplectic. Although life was not destroyed, he only lives to be the wreck of a man. It used to bo said that a brick kiln “must be kept burning over the Sabbath it is now known to be a fallacy. There can be no “must’’ agaiust the divine command.— Even uow it is a received opinion that iron blast furnaces will bring ruin if not kept in continual operation. Eighteen years ago, an Englishman determined to keep the Sab bath holy as to them, with the result, as his books testified, that he made more iron in six days than he did beiore in seven ; that lie made more iron in a given time, in pro portion to the hands and number and size of the furnaces, than any establishment in England which was kept in operation du ring the Sabbath. , In onr own New York, the mind of a man who made half a million a year weDt out in the night of madness and an early grave within two years, from the very strain put upon it by a variety of enterprises, every one of which succeeded. “It will take about five years to clear them off,” said an observant master of an Ohio canal boat, alluding to the wearing out influences on the boatmen, who work ed on Sabbaths as well as on other days. As the boatmen and firemen of the steam ers on the Western rivers, which never lay by on the Sabbath, seven years is the aver age of life. The observance, therefore, of the seventh portion of our time for the pur poses of rest is demonstrably a physiologi cal necssity— a law of our nature.— Hall’s Journal of Health. How can Farming bo made more At tractive ? The following are some of the scraps and shreds, drawn at varions time 3 from the discussions of the Wapping (Mass.) Far mer's Club : 1. By less hard work. Farmers often undertake more than they can do well, and consequently work too early and too late. 2. By more system. Tho farmers should have a time to begin and stop labor. They should put more mind and machinery into their work. They shonid theorize as well as practice, and let both go together.— Farming is healthy, moral and respectable; in the long run profitable. The farmers should keep good stock and be out of debt. The farm is the best place to begin and end life, and hence so many in the cities and professional line covet a rural home. 3. By taking care of health. Farmers x have a healthy variety of exercise, but too often neglect cleanliness, omit bathing, eat irregularly and hurriedly, sleep in ill-venti lated apartments, and expose themselves to cold. Nine-tenths of the human diseas es arise from cold or intemperance. Fre quent bathiug is profitable, so is fresh air, deliberation at the dinner table and rest after a meal. 4. By adorning' the home. Nothing is lost by a pleasant home. Books, papers, music and reading should all be brought to bear upon the indoor family entertainment; and neatness, order, comfort, shrubbery, flowers and fruit should harmonize all with out. Home should be a sanctuary so hap py and holy that children will love it, wo men delight in it, manhood crave it and old age enjoy it. There would be less deser tions of old homesteads if pains were ta ken to make them agreeable. Ease, order, health and beauty are compatible with farm life and were ordained to go with it. An Australian Election. In the Australian colonies women are permitted to vote in municipal elections. — Lately in Victoria they voted for members of the Provincial Parliament. The Lon don Times, in referring to the matter, says : The women seem to have availed them selves in considerable numbers of the priv ilege obtained. * * * It is recorded that the women voted as wisely as the meu ; that they generally voted for. the best educated candidate, that they showed contempt for the secrecy of the ballot; and that, espousing the cause which they took up with a heartness and devotion inci dental to the female character, they gener ally gave plumpers for the candidate of their choice. In a franchise so low as that enjoyed by the Australian colonies, we ea sily believe that this new element especial ly as the female votes were given in respect of property, would be a marked improve ment. It will be very curious to see wheth er this innovation, thus accidentally intro duced, is allowed to continue, or whether the colonists will persevere in the course upon which they stumbled. In the latter case it would seem hardly to be possible to leave matters as they are, or to prevent the infusion of a much larger female elemeut into the constituency.’ An Original Idea. — One of our good friends, in writing to us concerning the con dition of our men when they return from Southern prisons, suggests that when ex changes are made, they should be by the ponnd. We fat our prisoners; the rebels starve theirs; and our friend thinks that by exchanging pound for pound, w© should get, on an average about five of our men for two rebels. — Vox Populi. (7*The Peach, originally, was a poison ous almond. Its fleshy parts were then used to poison arrows, and it was for this pur pose introduced into Persia. The trans plantation and cultivation, however, not only removed its poisonous qualities, but produced the delicious fruit we now enjoy. The Force of Education. —Nothing was so much dreaded in our school-boy days aa to be punished by getting between two girls. Ah, the force of education 1 In after years we learn to submit to such things without shedding a tear. water is unwholesome—SOj too, is a standing debt, NO. 12.