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Mo. faittg Hnki (A Consolidation of the American ami Advocate,) IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY HAVERSTICK & LONGNECKERS. (l„ M. HAVERSTICK, H. C v 4 J. B. LONGNECKER,) AT $2.00 PER ANNUM, In Advance. No paper discontinued until all arrear ages are paid, unless at tho option of the Pb*- lishers. A failure to notify its discontinuance j will be considered a renewal of subscription. KATES OF ADVERTISING ! One sqnare, (of 6 lines, or less,) one insertion, 50 cents; three insertions, $1; and for every subsequent insertion, 25 cents per square. ?bO A liberal deduction made to those who advertise by the year, or half year. Bv consolidating the two Baltimore county papers, the UNIOX has the Urgent circulation of anv county paper in the State, and thus offers superior advantages to advertisers. JOB WORK: Our office, besides one of Hoe’s best Power Presses, is furnished with a good Job Press and all the necessary materials for executing plain and fancy Job Printing with neatness and dis patch. HANDBILLS Of all size-i and styles printed at short notice and on good terms'. Magistrate’s and Collector’s Blanks, Deeds, and all kinds of Public Papers always on hand at the office. Professional Cards . John T. Ensor, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN ! CHANCERY, Towsontown, Md. Will attend promptly and perscveringly to all business entrusted to his care. Jan. 1, 1365.—tf. R W. DOUGHERTY, ATTOHINIE'if AT LAW, TOWSONTOWN, MD. April I.—6m. DR. J. PIPER, Office —Residence of the late Dr. E. R. Tidings. Office hours from 7 A. M., to 9 o’clock A. M. From 1 o’clock P. M., to 3 o’cl’k P. M., and 6 o'clock P. M. Feb. 25.—tf. DR. SAMUEL KEPLER. Officeandßesidence —NEAR EPSOM CHURCH. Towsontown, Dec. 31, 1361.—1 v j. nelson winner. r. w. price WISNER & PRICE, ATTORNEYS AT LAW .. It Office—No. 1 Smedley Row, Towsontown. HAVING formed a partnership, will give prompt attention to all law and chancery business entrusted to their care. Sep. 17, 1864.—1 y Amos F. Musselman, ATTORNEY. Office No. 21 Lexington st., Baltimore city, PRACTICES in the Courts of Baltimore county. July 9,1864. —1 y _ WILLIAM M. BUSEY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, No. 71 Fayette Street, Near Charles, Baltimore, Md. April 1, 18C5.—ly. Theodore Glocker, ATTORNEY AT LAW ATT#* SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, No. 44 St. Paul street, Baltimore, Md. PARTICULAR attention given to Chancery and Orphans’ Court business, in the,Courts of Baltimore city and comity. All communications or business left with Mr. JOHN R. D. BEDFORD,Conveyancer,Towson town, will be promptly attonded to. March 12, 1864.—tf. O. C. Warfield, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Towsontown. JJREPARES applications for BOUNTY, BACK PAY and PENSIONS. Feb. 20.—tf Jos. P. Merryman. ATTORNEY AT LAW, 71 West Fayette street, Balt. Jan. 9,1864. —1 y q. merryman. e. p. keech, i). n. s MERRYMAN & KEECH, "dentists, No. 50 North Calvert street, Baltimore. March 26, 1864.—1 y - R. R. Boarman, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY. Smedley Row, opposite Court House, . TOWSONTOWN. WILL promptly attend to all business en trusted to his care. Jan. 18,—tf LEWIS B. WHEELER. WILLIAM 8. KEECH Wheeler & Keech, ATTORNEYS AT LAW ANU SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY, Office No. 1 and 2 Smedley Row, Towsontown. HAVING formed a PARTNERSHIP for the practice of Law, will give p*ompt atten tion to the collection of claims and business in general in the Orphans’Cdurtand Circuit Court for Baltimore county. Aug. 27, 1859—tf R. W. Templbman. Cdas.J. Pennington Wm. H. Shiplp.y. Agents for sale of Maryland hands. Office (up stairs) No. 48 Lexington st., Baltimore. R. W. Templeman, & Co., OFFER their services to tho public for the Sale of Farms, and Real Estate generally, j They have, as Surveyors, a general knowledge I of the lands of parts of the State, and unusual faoilities otherwise for the transaction of such business. Plats and descriptions of all prop erties they may have for sale, will be kept in book form. Parties wishing to sell or purchase will please communicate by letter as above. Oat. 31.—1 y CARPENTER AND BUILDER. THE undersigned, having taken up his res in the Tenth District, on the new Turnpike Jedding from Meredith’s Ford to' Sweet Air, respectfully a4ks of tjie public a share of rhe ' business appertaining tb Bunding and Carpen ter’s Work in general. GEORGE 11. MATTHEWS. Jan. 28, 1865.—tf. m GEORGE C. McCOULL, UNDERTAKER, No. 131 Saratoga street, 1 door west of Howard ■, TS prepared to furnish COFFINS at 25 per X cent, leas than the usual price, and of fine finish, for cash. Jan. 28, 1865.—1 y. MAN to* work I JjL on a Farm either by the day or month.— 5? 1 Mr. JOHN E. OWENS, , i Aigburth Vale, Towsontown. I < March 26.—St, County Advertisements. WARREN STORE, In the Thriving Little Village of WARREN. GREAT REDUCTION OF PRICES IN ALL KINDS OF GOODS. rpHE proprietors of the “Warren Store” are 1 offering great inducements to the citizens of this neighborhood, that is worthy of their attention. We offer to the public the best se lection of goods that can be found in any store in the country, and will guarantee to%ell them at less than city retail prices. All goods sold here warranted as represented or the money I refunded. Our stock consists in part of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES. HARDWARE, CHINA WARE, CROCKERYWARE, EARTHENWARE, STONEWARE, GLASSWARE, BOOTS AND SHOES, IIATS, CAPS, DRUGS, DYE BTUFFS, OIL AND PAINTS, MEDICINES, GLASS, PUTTY, WHITE LEAD, LINSEED k NEATS FOOT OIL. PARAPHINE OIL, KER OSENE OIL, MACHINE OIL, MACKEREL, HERRINGS, BA CON, HAMS, BREAST PIECES, SHOULDERS, G. A. SALT, Fine Salt, Flour, Corn Meal, Mill Feed, Horn ony Buck Wheat, TIN AND WOODEN WARES, Brooms, Ropca, Plow Lines, Shoe Findings, Wrot Nails, Cut Nails, Spikes, Rivets, ami eve ry article that may he found in a well regulat ed country store. COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds taken in exchange for goods at city prices. 11. P. THOMAS, For Warren Manufacturing Company. Feb. 18.—ly. Auctioneer. THE undersigned having taken out a Gov ernment License for sth as well as the 2d Congressional District, is prepared to attend sales in any part of Baltimore or Harford coun ties, or any other portion of said Districts, ex cept Baltimore city. Having removed from Sweet Air to Towsontown, persons having business with me will please address me at Towsontown, or ap ply to Mr. Church, Advoeato Office, Mr. Long necker A Sons, American Office, or Mr. Nelson Cooper, at his store. SAMUEL G. WILSON, Dec. s.—tAlO Towsontown, Md. NOTICE. THE firm of Longnecker A Sons having been dissolved, all persons having claims against the above firm, of any kind, will please present them to the undersigned, and all per sons being in any way indebted either for sub scription to the Baltimore County American,or for advertising, are requested to make immedi ate payment to the above. All persons indebt ed to John H. Lougneckor for subscription to, or advertising in the above paper, previous to November 15th. 1863, are earnestly requested to raakp payment as above. Bills will be sent to all ao indebted. H. C. LONGNECKER, J. B. LONGNECKER. J. H. LONGNECKER, Jan. 7.—tf. TOWSONTOWN FEMALE SEMINARY. BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL for young Ladies. Mrs. MARGARET R. SCHEXCK, Principle. (Late Principal of the Columbus Female Sem inary, Ohio.) The next term wXI eommenee on Wednesday, February, BIA. Feb. 11.—41* LODI COMPANYS’ POUDBBTTE. WE again offer this celebrated Manure to Farmers. After 25 years trial it is found to be the cteapest and best fertiliser used, over 10,000 bbla. were sold last year, the demand ex ceeding the supply. For Tobacco, Corn, Potatoes and Vegetables, it is unsurpassed. The Company manufacture also, Bone Ta-feu, (a substitute for Super Phosphate.) from Bones, Blood, Offal, Night Soil and Peruvian Guano, ground fine. Price SSO per Ton. Coe’s Phosphate; made by W. L. Bradly, Boston. Having been appointed an Agent for this celebrated Phosphate, we shall have a con stant supply on hand. Pamphlets with full particulars, with price, may be obtained by addressing the Company’s Agents, BOWEN A MERCER, No. 3 Exchange Place, Baltimore. February 25.—2 m. JOHN D. HAMMOND, SADDLE, HARNESS, TRUNK, AND COLLAR MANUFACTURER, WHOLESALE A RETAIL, No. 348 Baltimore at., jgFJW WBk SSWmal wfl 3 doors below Eutaw House, Baltimore, MANUFACTURES and keeps constantly on hand every description of SADDLES, HARNESS, TRUNKS. VALISES, CARPET BAGS, COLLARS, and every other article in his line. All orders executed with neatness and dispatch. July 9,1864. —1 y PLOUGH CASTINGS ! PLOUGH CASTINGS !! THE attention of Farmers and Merchants is invited to my full and complete stock, em bracing all the various sizes of the Wiley, Woodcock, Smith, Atwood, Minor A Horton, Wisconsin, and other kinds, all of which will be sold low by the single piece or ton. Also, a good assortment of Ploughs, at less than regular prices, at No. 142 N. Gay street, Baltimore. HENRY WILCOX. Feb. 6.—tf TO REAL ESTATE OWNERS. THE undersigned are now dealing extensive ly in the sale of FARMS and LANDS in all parts of Maryland, especially in Baltimore county. Those desiring to sell at good prices, will sepd us a full description. No Sale no Charge. £?fr*All Legal Claims of soldiers prosecuted. ' Address, EATON A CO., Baltimore. Office—No. 26 St. Tanl Street between Lex | ington and Fayette. Feb. 4, 1865.—tf. TAKE NOTICE. PALL STYLES OP HATS, 1804. WE are now prepared to niah our lriends and public with tho FALL STYLES HBjfSggfr. OF HATS, for Gentlemen’s wear, UES&fife which will eompare favorably with any sold in the eity of Baltimore. ALSO, SOFT FELT HATS, Latest patterns, for Gentlemen, Youths and Children, some very beautiful. S. HINDES A SON, • Oct. 15.—tf No. 106 Gay street. SCHUCHMANN & HEIM, JUraS MANUFACTURERS OF Traveling Trunks, Valises and Ladies Bonnet Boxes, No. 6 W. Baltimore Street, BALTIMORE. MADE TO ORDER /-** Jan. 14, 1865.—1 y. All Persons Indebted TO the late Baltimore County Advocate, either to E. F, Church, or Church A Havorstjek, are respectfully requested to eall at the Union office and settle their bill*. j Fab. 18.—tf TOWSONTOWN, MD., SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1865. Railroad Directory. Northern Central Railway. TRAINS NORTHWARD. Mail leavqs Calvert Station at 9.20 A. M. Pittsburg and Erie Express 8.00 P. M. Pittsburg and Elmira Express 10.00 P. M. Harrisburg Accommodation leaves at 2.50 P. M. l’arkton Accommodation No. 1 “ 7.20 A. M. Parkton Accommodation No. 3 “ 5.00 P. M. TRAINS SO UTll WARD. Mail train arrives at Calvert Station 5.30 P. M. Pittsburg, Elmira and Erie Express..7.oo A. M. Harrisburg Accommodation arrives 12.20 A. M. Parkton Accommodation, No. 2 8.30 A. M. Parkton Accommodation, No. 4 7.25 P. M. Pittsburg Express through without change ol cars. Express Train leaves at 10.00 daily. Express Train at 8.00 daily, except Saturdays, for Harrisburg, Pittsburg and Erie. Express at 10.00 P. M., Sundays, for Harris burg, Pittsburg and the West only, arrives dai lv except Mondays. ’ Express at 8.00 P. M., leaves daily except Saturdays. Mail daily, except Sundays. Harrisburg Ac commodation leaves daily except Sundays.— Mail and Express will not stop between Balti more and Parkton. Baltimore A Ohio Railroad. Mail Train for the Ohio river will leave Bal timore daily (except Sunday) at 9.00 A. M. Express Train will leave Baltimore daily at 9.40 P. M. Both trains connect at the Ohio river for all points West, Southwest and Northwest. Frederick Train leaves Baltimore daily at 4. 00 P. M.; and Frederick at 7.00 A. M., Sundays excepted. The Ellicott’s Mills Train leaves Baltimore at 6.20 and 10.00 A. M., and 2.00 P. M.; and El licott’s Mills at 7.00 and 11.30 and 3.30 P. M. FOR WASHINGTON. Leave Baltimore at 4.30, 7.00, 8.50, 9.40 a. m. and 3.30, and 6.00 P. M. On Sundays at 4.30 8.50 A. M., and 3.30 and 6.00 P. M. Leave Washington at 6.15, 8.15 and 11.15 A. M., and 3.00, 4.30, and 6.45 P. M. On Sundays at 8.15, 11.15 and 3.00 A. M., and 3.00 P. M. The O. a. m. and 3.30 p. ra. trains only from Balti more, and the 8.15 a. m. and 3.00 p. m. from Washington stop at wav points. The 7.00, 8.50 a. m. and the 3.30 and 6.00 p. m. from Balti more, and the 6.15 and 8.15 a. m. and 3.ooand 4.30 p. m. trains from Washington connect with trains on the Annapolis road. Philadelphia Railroad. Way Mail Train for Philadelphia and way stations, at 8.25 a. m. Express Train for Philadelphia and New York at 9.20 a. m. . Express Train for Philadelphia and New York at 1.10 p. m. Way Mail Train for Philadelphia and way stations at 4.25 p. m. * Express Train for Philadelphia and N. York at 6.35 p. m. Above trains leave daily except Sundays.— On Sundays for Philadelphia and New York at 9.25 p. m. For Salisbury ami intermediate points on Delaware Railroad take 9.25 p. m., train, and for Dover, Deleware, take the 1.00 p. m., train. Western Maryland Railroad. Leave Union Bridge at 4.35 A. M. and 8.47 A. M. Leave Baltimore at 9.20 A. M. and 3. P. M. Stages connect daily with Manchester and Hampstead, at Glen Morris Station, on arrival ol 9.20 A. M. train from Baltimore, and for Uniontown, Taney town and Emmittsburg, on arrival of same train at Linwood Station. Baltimore & towsontown RAILWAY. ON an aftor Monday, October 10th, 1864, cars will LEAVE BALTIMORE EVERY HOUR, In the Charles Street Gars, corner of Baltimore and North streets, FROM 7 A. M. TO 6 P. M., except 12 M. And will leave CORNER EAST AND ENSOR STS., Old Town, EVERY HOUR, FROM 7.15 A. M. TO 6.15 V. M., Except at 12.15 noon. The cars connect at North Boundary Avenue. LEAVE TOWSONTOWN EVERY HOUR, FROM 7 A. M. TO 7 P. M., except at 12 M. A car will leave the corner of EAST AND ENSOR STREETS at 11 P. M. Oct. 15.—tf A. D. SANKS, Agent. CHANGE OF HOURS. Baltimore, Catonsville & Ellicott’s Hills RAILWAY. FALL AND WINTER ARRANGEMENT. ON and after Monday, October 3d, 1864, cars will run HOURLY, FROM 7 A. M. TO 12 M., ANn FROM 2 TO 7 P. M., DAILY, Sundays included. PASSENGERS TO AND FROM ELLICOTT’S MILLS will leave daily, Sundays included, at 8 and 11 A. M., and 2 and 5 P. M. Depot west end of Baltimore street. Oct. B.—tf Substitute Brokers. Special Notice. Headquarters for Drafted and En rolled Men for the City and Counties. WANTED this day, FIFTY good Alien or Contraband SUBSTITUES, for which we will pay the highest price. We invite all of our friends (who are subject to draft) not to fail in procuring a Substitute for three years, !irevious to draft, which may take place in a ew days; (and as our motto was from the first, so it is now, to deal fairly with'all men.) As time is money, you can call and leave your orders and no further personal time would be required and your full discharge papers for three years would be brought to your place of business for settlement. wo do not ask for money in advance, call early at tho “OLD ESTABLISHED OF FICE,” Law Buildings, St Paul street, Room No. 6, up stairs. WM. H. BAYZAND A CO., Feb. 4.—2 m. Authorized Agents. The Old Established and Reliable Substitute Agency, G E 0. C 0 L T 0 N & C 0., 28 Second Street, Nearly Opposite the Post Office, HAVING been for a long time in the busi iness of furnishing Districts and individ ualswith Substitutes, and enlisting Volunteers for the Arrnv and Navy, and being thoroughly familiar with every department of our occupa tion, we can offer great facilities to those who may need our services. Those who wanttoen ter the service, either as Substitutes or Volun teers, as well as those who want Substitutes for themselves or friends, would do well to give us a call. Contracts taken for filling quotas, as .heretofore. papers of all kinds carefully prepared and advice furnished. Claims of all kinds collected with dispatch. RFMEMBER THE PLACE ! 38 Second Street, Baltimore, Md. Feb. 25.—2 m. COME OUT OF THE DRAFT ! Enroled and Drafted Men of the City and Counties, NOW is your time to putin good alien SUB STITUTES, at the shortest possible notice, and Cheaper than the Cheapest, thereby ob taining a release for 3 years, with a guarantee from us besides. SUBS ARE SCARCE and the PRICES GOING UP EVERY DAY. Therefore, all Enroled Men who intend to furnish a SUB. previous to the taking place of the Draft, can be supplied by making early application at our office, 75 West Fayette street, Bible House, up stAira, and at our office, Ellicott’s Mills, 4th door from the Provost Marshal’s office. We do not ask for any money until We present your full diseharge for three years. WM. B. SASSCER A 00., Jan. 14.—8 m. Authorised Agents. Jclert §o*to. TWO CHOICE TUNES. (■SARD DURING A SOUTH HIND.) ST PHILIP HABVfIT, JR. I. A Southern nabob grown saucy and bold From the lack of his brains and the weight of his gold, Harangued with his bluster both blatant and loud In this awful manner a chivalrous crowd : “Sons of valor and daring, brave hearts of the South, Would you have the last morsel snatched out of your mouth ? See your own cherished rights and your dear sacred soi* Usurped by the minions of labor and toil; Your castle invaded, your children made slaves, By an insolent rabble of Yankees and knaves f No! Perish the thought! fly to arms and prepare To vanquish the foe when he.comes if he dare! For fearless and brave ’neath our palmetto tree We’ll meet him and beat him with one to his three. We’ll meet him at noon, and the broad morrow’s sun Will smile as he sees the work finished and won. Then come, ye poltroons of the niggardly North We fling down the gauntlet and welcome you forth ; For fearless and brave, ’neath our palmetto tree We’ll meet you and beat you with ene to your three.'’ 11. A Southern nabob grown meek and demure— In fact grown confoundedly seedy and poor With losses of cotton and chattel** and bets, With taxes and duties and big foreign debts, Thus mournfully mused as he sat in the shad* That the wide spreading branch of his palmetto made “Oh ! Jefferson Davis i as sure as a gun I’m ruined completely—teetotally done. Tobacco and cotton and bacon have lied, And that last drop of blood but remains to be shed. Shall it fall in defence of the last inch of ground * No ! the fluid’s too precious to squander, I've found ; I'll buy me a tieketto some foreign shore, And there, like the great Dioclesian of yore, Pass the rest of my days in seclusion and quiet, Afar from the hollow world’s racket and riot. Come, Pompcy, my boy, bring the horse and th gig, And drive me away, where, I don’t cars a fig. Zounds! where '* the scoundrel —has he gone to hoot? He has, ami by Jove I must needs follow suit!” —Baltimore American THE OLD FLAG. Cod bless the Flag! the dear old Flag! Whose gallant folds are flying In triumph and in glory, still IJach traitor band defying. Amid the smoke and cannon's roar ; Amid the dead and dying; The eagle cry of victory From lip to lip is flying. Yes ? o'er the field all wet with gore. Where thousand's sleep together; Its glorious stars are shining or, And will shine on forever. A million hands are raised to strike ; A million hearts are glowing With love for that dear, honored Flag, Which o'er our homes is flowing. God bless our Flag! our dear old Flag! We’ll strike it— never, never ; Hay Cod watch o’er its stripes anil stars Forever, and forever. fgiSLellaneoni Stephen Girard. iVithin the memory of many persona still alive, “old Girard,” as the famous Banker was usually styled, used to walk, in his swift, awkward way, the streets ol the low er part of Philadelphia. Though every thing apout him indicated that he had very little in common with his fellow-citizens, he was the marked man of the city for more than a generation. His aspect was rather insignificant and quite unprepossessing.— His dress was old-fashioned and shabby; and he wore the pig-tail, the white neck cloth, the wide-brimmed hat, and the large skirted coat of the last century. He was blind in one eye; the other, though his burly eye-brow gave some character to his countenance, was curiously devoid of expres sion. He had also the absent look of a man who either had no thoughts or was absorbed in thought; and he shuffled along on his enormous feet, looking neither to the right nor to the left. There was also a cer tain look of the old mariner about him, , though he had been fifty years au inhabi tant of the town. When he rode it was in the plainest, least comfortable gig in Phi ladelphia, drawn by an ancient and ill formed horse, driven always by the mas ter’s own hand at a good pace. He chose still to live where he had lived for fifty years, in Water street, close to the wharves, in a small and inconvenient house, darken ed by tall store-houses, amid the bustle, the noise, and the odors of commerce. His sole pleasure was to visit, once a day, a little farm which he posessed a few miles out of town, where he was wont to take off his coat, roll up his shirt-sleeves, and personally labor in the field and in the barn, hoeing corn, pruning trees, tossing, hay, and not disdaining even to assist in butchering the animals which he raised for market. It was no mere ornamental or ex perimental farm. He made it pay. All of its produce was carefully, nay scrupulously husbanded, sold, recorded, and accounted for. He loved his grapes, his plums, his pigs, and especially his rare breed of cana ry birds ; but the people 1 of Philadelphia had the full benefit of their increase—at the highest market rates. Many feared, many served, but none loved this singular and lonely old man. If there was among the very few who habitually conversed with him, one who understood and esteemed him, there was but one ; and he was a man of snch abounding charity, that like Uncle Toby, if he heard that the Devil was hope lessly damned, would have said, “I am sorry for it.” Never was there a person more destitute than Girard of the qualities which win the affection of others. His temper was violent, his presence forbidding, his usual manner ungracious, his will inflexible, his heart untender, his imagination dead. He was odious to many of his fellow-citi zens, who considered him the hardest and meanest of men. Ho had lived among them for half a century, but he was no more a Philadelphian in 1830 than in 1776. He still spoke with a French accent, and ac companied his words with a French shrng and French gesticulations. Surrounded with Christian churches which he had help ed to build, he remaiued a sturdy unbeliev er, and posessed the complete works of on ly one man, Voltaire. He made it a point of duty to labor on Sunday, as a good example toothers. He made no secret of the fact that he consid ered the idleness of Sunday an iujnry to the people, moral and economical. He would have opened his bank on Sunday if any one would have come to it. For his part, he required no rest and would have none. He nevor traveled. Ho never at tended public assemblies or amnsements. He had no affections to gratify, no friends to visit, no curiosity to appease, no tastes to indulge. What he once said of himself appeard to be true, that he rose in the morning with but a single object, and that was to labor so hard all day as to be able to sleep all night. The world was abso lutely nothing to him bnt a working place. He scorned and seonted the idea that old men should cease to labor, and should spend the evening of their days jn tranquility.— “No” he would say, “lab#r is the price of life, its happiness, its everything ; to rest is to rust; every man should labor to the last hour of bis ability,” Such was Ste phen Girard. This is an uupleasiug picture of a citizen of polite and amiable Philadelphia. It were indeed a grim and dreary world, wherein should prevail the principles of Girard. But see what this man has done for the city that loved him not ! Vast and imposing structures rise on the banks of tho Schuylkill, wherein at this hour six hundred orphan boys are fed, clothed, train ed, and taught upon tho income of the enor mous estate which he won by his entire consecration to the work of accumulating property. In the ample grounds of Girard College, looking up at its five massive mar ble edifices, strolling in its shady walls, or by its verdant play-grounds, or listening to the cheerful cries of the boys at play, the most sympathetic and imaginative of men must pause before censuring the sterile and unlovely life of its founder. And if he should inquire closely into the charac ter and career of the man who willed this great institution iuto being, lie would, per haps, be willing to admit that there was room in the world for one Girard, .though it were a pity there should ever bo another. — North American Review, January, 1865. An African Village. The chief, who, in a blackened red shirt Jim Crow hat, dingy trowses, and shoes trodden down at thp heels, looked marve lously like the cook or the steward of some coast of Guinea trader, sat in tho green iron chair and took dinner with us, handing the bones, half picked, to the favored of His people as they squatted around and the meal being concluded, Chapman and I ac cepted his invitation to his village the more readily that we wished him to be out of the way when the beads arrived.— The town, a few hundred yards more to the Westward, was a straggling collection of cylindro-conical huts each surrounded by a reed fence fifteen feet or more in height, and of no great architectural beauty. Indeed, compared with the carefully built clay walls, surrouuded by the neatly thatch ed conical roof, and ornamented with de signs in colored earth, I had seen at Vaal River and Thaba Uncliu, I was disappoint ed with its want of neatness. In the open central space stood a pitched roof shed of poles and reed, used as a stable; before this was new Trek Touw in process of stretching. Just beyond were two wagons, the wheels carefully raised on stones, and each covered by a shed of rough poles to shield it from the sun One of these was his own, and the other that of the late Dr. Holden, and this, from the tenor of his remarks, it seemed more and more evident he was greatly inclined to keep “until the doctor should claim it himself.” His chief objection however, at present was to get us to make him Dupas. oastilles, Suyman having told him the false current among the Malays at the Capo re specting their efficacy as love charms or other surgical properties. We assured him that it was all nousense, that it was used only by fine ladies troubled with the vapors, and by effeminate dandies, and not worthy the attention of men ; but all this only in creased his eagerness, and at last while one of his youug wives, a slender and elegantly formed girl in everything except her fea tures, pounded up the ingredients upon a small fiat stone, worn hollow with constant use, we compounded a number of the much desired little perfumed cones and, gave him one. the smoke of which, carefully inclosed within his ample karos, he inhaled as if it were too precious to lose a whiff of it. Heaps of ivory nicely calculated as to size and value were held out to tempt Chap man to part with the horses, and a pair of ox horns eight feet three inches in a straight lino between the tips, and more than ten feet in the curve, were sent to tho wagon to be sold f<?r white shirts, “washed and boxed.” Not far from the stable was the kolta, a semi-circular palisade of rough poles a dozen or eighteen feet high, and streaked at about breast height with a black medicine line all round the interior. In this sat one of the members of the tribe who had just been brought in by the returned commander, and among them their chief a common looking, sharpfeatured lit tle fellow, whose cunning had often got him into scrapes from which his courage could not release him. Once while a boy, he went to steal corn from the garden of oue of bis father’s subjects, and had care fully packed up as much as he could carry, when a buflalo. which had come down for the very same purpose, charged at once up on him, and pitched the two-legged thief such a distance as almost to break his neck and scarcely to leave him strength to crawl away.— Explorations in Southwest Africa, hg T. liaines, F. R. G. S. Petroleum: What is it ? The name Petroleum means Rock Oil. — This indicates its place in the earth. True, it flows from the earth, sometimes floats on ponds or lakes, comes out in springs, is found in rocks, aud is distilled from bitu minous coal. It used to be collected on Senoca Lake, and was called Seneca oil.— The writer has some which was taken from that lake more than fifty years ago, and is precisely like that from the oil regions of Virginia, Pennsylvania, and other States. Yet it is not a new thing—for it was lcuqjvu and used on the Eastern Continent before the Christian era. It has excited new in terest from its abundance and from its new and extensive uses. Its exportation from our country is prodigious, a real era in the trade. Petroleum is a real chemical compound, formed of carbon and hydrogen, or a true hydro-carbon. Several compounds of these two elements exist together in it. Its con version by heat into illuminating gas is well known. This is a gaseous hydro-car bon ; petroleum is a liquid hydro-carbon, as is naptha also; and bitumen is a solid bydro-carbon. Such vast quantities flow from the oil wells that people cannot but iuquirc, How is it produced ? Though chem ists and geologists of high character for knowledge believe this oil results from chemical action upon either vegetable or animal matter buried ip. the earth, or upon both, they have not shown its production, or what is the matter acted on, and how the action is carried on. All agree that it seems to be connected with coal fields, where were imbedded immense quantities of vegetable substances. A late paper contains a professed an swer, aud gives, as it supposes, the com plete chemical process in the formation of the oil. Omitting the great mistakes in the chemistry, let us look at the process.— The paper states that limestone, carbonate of lime, lies below, and sandstone above, the oil rock; that water filters from the surface through the sandstone into the limestone, and that there the hydrogen of the water combines with the carbon in the limestone to form the oil, while the other elements pass off; and hence the produc tion of oil must be unlimited, as the sub stances, water and carbon, in the rocks, are without limit. This is a beautiful theory, and seems scientific in language. Yet chemists have never been able to discover or effect the union of carbon and hydrogen from water and limestone, or to detect any action or force which would lead to such a result.— The solution has not been given. — New York Observer. . ■■ ' -* tell you, young ladies, that divine love is better than human. You had bet ter be on yoniN&nees than upon the gentle man’s. How Tom Corwin, Kid his Sister of an Obnoxious Lover. BY A WESTERN MAN. Every one has heard of the eloquent, pa tHetic, and humorous stump orator of Ohio. He was pronounced by Mr. Clay (a most competent authority,) to be the finest stump speaker he bad ever heard ; and in this opinion I most heartily coiucide, after hav ing heard Clay, Crittenden, Joues of Ten nessee,“Polk, Benjamin, Soule, Randall, Hunt, Tom Marshall, Gen. Lamar, Bates, Douglas and a host of others. Well, this great orator carried his love of fuD into every department of lite. In tho private circle, where he knew every person, and where he uiubosomed himself fully, he was the most delightful and ge nial conversationalist I ever listend to. I do not know that he now, as age and infir mity are creeping on, indulges this procliv ity to humor so much as he used to do.— But some twenty years used to tell, with great gusto, tho following story : “In early life—so early that I cannot re member the removal—my father ‘pulled up stakes,’ and carrying with him the house hold goods, went from Bourbon county, Kentucky, where I was born, to Ohio.— Notwithstanding a rough and tumble strug gle with the world, he had a hard time to get on, owiug to a numerous and rapidly increasing family. Well, family matters had not much improved when I had reach ' ed my thirteenth or fourteenth year. “At this time there lived in the neigh borhood a young man by the name of Picker ing. He had inherited a well stocked farm, i was good-looking and made a strong pro fession of religion. This latter qualifica tion caused him to find peculiar favor in the eyes of my father, who always was blinded . by professions of extra piety. “This fellow had a strong hankering af ter one of my sisters who was a very pretty , girl. To her he was peculiarly distasteful. She seemed always excessively annoyed at . his presence. Yet he was ever at her side. 1 She dared not dismiss him entirely, for fear . of the paternal anger. Things went on in this way a year or two, and as I partook largely of my sister’s hatred to him, I resolv i ed to get rid of him in some way. 1 cast f about for a plan for some time, but nothing , occurred which gave me tho slightest hope I of being successful. i “At last returning homo late one sum mer night from mill, I found the family at ■ their nightly devotions. Passing by the .windows of the room in which they were i assembled, I saw that Pickering was there, and pretty soon discovered that he was , nodding, aud finally his head dropped.— , Now was my opportunity. I stole slily iu i. to the hall, and reaching the hall door, which was slightly ajar, aud close by which Pickering was ‘on bended knee,’ 1 reached in, and quickly pulling his chair-from under him, he rolled heavily, as a sound sleeper would upon the floor. The noise alarmed all. The old gentlemau stopped in the midst of his almost interminable prayer, aud saw the position of Pickering. All the family laughed outright; even my mother smiled. “Pickering endeavored to pick himself up as rapidly as possible, but he had touch ed the old man upon his tenderest point.— It was evident, from his rubbing his eyes, that he had slept under the old gentleman’s ministrations ; aud had not my father a rep utation far and wide for the fervency and strength of his ministrations, and was not i Pickering his professing brother? Slowly . yet most dighifiedly did the old mau ap p proach him. ‘Begone hypocrite ! he cried, ; in thundering tones. ‘Never enter my : house again.’ “Pickering was thunderstruck. He felt l that he could make no apolgy which would not add to insult. He had no suspicion of the extra force which had aided him in his fall. He at once fonnd his hat, took up his line of march, and, completely crestfal len,, passed by me as I stood grinning iq, i the shadow of the porch. ■ “ At a suitable time I entered, got my ■ supper, was told by a brother in hurried . whispers, what had happened, and then I , stole off to bed, affecting ignorance, aud laughing most heartily, as I ensconded my , self in tho sheets, at the complete success ' of my plan. “Net day I cautiously imparted my secret to my sister. She was in her own room at • the time, and she threw herself upon the bed and rolled in agouies and convulsions ' of laughter. She had been emancipated forever from the obnoxious lover. The old gentleman did not hear the real state of > thefacts for full twenty years afterwards ; but when he did he laughed heartily.” The Mineral Wealth of the U. S. It is estimated that Colorado Territory with a population which is sufficient to al low it to be admitted into the Uuion as a State, will produce in a year the value of fifteen millions of dollars from its golden rniucs ; and Idaho Territory is also estima ted, to yield six millions this year. The rapidly increased population of Nevifßa, at traded by the discovery of precious metals, has already erected it into a State, and Ne braska will in probability do likewise. In the vast regions covered by the mountain ranges, and which embrace an areaofnear ly half a million of square miles, the min eral wealth of California will bo many times repeated, and to numerous districts tides of emigration are now moving, rival led ouly in magnitude by that which set towards California when the gold discover ies were first made generally known. The progress of iron manufactures, in different parts of the country, together with those which have been recently introduced at and near the lakes, has been larger than ever, and sufficient to supply the whole country. The value of the copper product of the lakes, this year, has been ten or twelve millions of dollars. An addition to those vast mineral resources, is the immense yield of earth oil, and the indispensable coal product, both anthracite and bitumin ous, which have increased one-third within a twelve month. Marriage in Lapland. It is death in Lapland to marry a maid without the consent of her parents and friends. When a young man has formed an attachment for a female, the fashion is to appoint their friends to meet to behold the. two young parties run a race together. The maid is allowed in starting the advan tage of one-third part of the race, so that it is impossible except willing of herself, that she should be overtaken. If the maid, outrun her suitor, the matter is ended ; he must never have her, it being penalty for the man to renew the motion of marriage. But if the virgin has an effection for him, though at first she ruus fast to try the truth of his love, she will (without Atlan ta’s golden balls to retard her speed) pre tend some casualty, and before she comes to the end of the race she will come to a halt. Thus none are compelled to marry against their own wills; and this is the cause that in this poor country the married people are richer in their own contentment than in other lands, where bo many forced matches make feigned love, and cause real unhappiness. ' beautiful thought is thus suggest ed in the Koran—“ Angels,, in the grave, will not question thee as to the amount of wealth thon hast left behind thee, bat as to what deeds thou hast done in the world to entitle thee to a seat among the bleft.” A Tragical Delusion. The tragical delusion of the madmen of Charleston four years ago, that they could overthrow a great nation as easily as they could fire upon a provision ship or upon a little isolated garrison, is vividly illustra ted by the two following extracts. The first is from the Charleston Mercury of the 10th of January, 1861 and the second from a letter to the Tribune, written in Charles ton, on the 20th of Febuary. 1865 : “The expulsion of the steamer Star of the West from the Charleston harbor yes terday morning was the opening of the ball of the revolution. . . We would not exchange or recall that blow for mil lions. The haughty echo of her cannon has ore this reverberated from Maine to Texas, through every hamlet of the North, and down along the great waters of the Southwest. And though greasy and treach erous ruffians may cry on the dogs of war, and traitorous politicians may lend their aid in deceptions, South Carolina will stand under her own palmetto-tree, uuterrified by the snarling growls (jr the assaults of the one, undeceived or deterred by the wily machinations of the other. And if that rod sea of blood be still lacking to the parchment of our liberties, and blood they want, blood they shall have, and blood enough to stamp it all in red. For, by the God of our fathers, the soil of South Caro lina shall be free!” So wrote men who were ready and eager to smother in blood a Government which they did not pretend had ever harmed them, and which they had absolutely controll ed. Four years pass. One by one their hopes disappeared. And now, amidst the desertion, according to Governor Vance, of half their army, amidst the imprecations and cries of the Richmond journals that their leaders shall not flee by the mere wind of Sherman’s thundering march, Charleston falls without a bio wand the crazy city that causelessly defied a Government as strong as it is benign, is thus described : “The wharves looked as if they had been deserted for half a century—broken down, dilapidated, grass and moss peeping up be tween the pavements, where once the busy feet of commerce trod incessantly. The warehouses near the river; the streets as we enter them ; the houses and the stores and the public buildings—we look at them and hold our breaths in utter amazement. Every step wo take increases our astonish ment. No pen, no pencil, no tongue can do justice to the scene. No imagination can conceive of the utter wreck, the universal ruin, the stupendous desolation. Ruin—ruin—ruin—ruin—above and be low ; on the right hand and the left; ruin -—ruin—ruin—everywhere and always ; starting at us from every paneless window ; looking out at us from every shell-torn wall; glaring at us from every battered door and pillar and veranda; crouching beneath our feet on every side-walk. Not Pompeii, nor Herculaneum, nor Thebes, nor the Nile, have ruius so complete, so sadden ing, so plailftively eloquent; for they speak to us of an age not ours, and long ago dead, with whose people and life and ideas we have no sympathy whatever. But here, on these shattered wrecks of houses, built in our own style, many of them doing credit to the architecture of our epoch, we read names familiar to ns all, telling us of trades and professions and commercial institu tions, which every modern city reckons up by the hundred ; yet dead, dead, dead ; as silent as the grave of the Pharohs ; as de serted as the bazaars of the merchant prin ces of Old Tyre. I ' — Harper's Weekly. Two Causes of the Numerous Rail road Disasters. Polly Britain, a simple old woman liv ing in a retired part of the country, once remarked :—“Very few people ever rode on railroads without being killed.” If the railway accidents continue to multiply as they have during the last few months, this ' statement may be made by intelligent men. These accidents are all the result of mis management on the part of the directors. If a competent and efficient superintendent be employed, and if he be supplied with sufficient funds to keep the track and roll ing stock in repair, no accident will ever occur. There are long roads in the coun try that have been in operation more than thirty years without ever killing or injur ing a passenger. The employment of an incompetent superintendent is certainly the fault of the directors: and, strange as it may seem, this has been done for the sake of saving a portion of the salary re quired to secure a capable man. This is surely the worst of all places for the prac tice of economy. Bjt as the character of our directors has not suddenly changed, there must be some special cause or causes for the great in crease of railway accidents at the present time. Among the most important of these causes we suggest two—one political or so cial, and the other mechanical. Among all the manifestations of tho wide spread and disastrous effects of an altera tion of the currency, there is none more curious, as there is none more melancholy, than this increase of railroad accidents.— The rise in prices resulting from the aug mention of the currency has doubled the cost of repairs, and there is a universal be lief that this inflamation of the currency will bo but temporary. Railway directors, therefore, in common with other bodies of men, are disposed to put off all expendi tures until the same result can be accom plished with half the money. This has led to a postponement ofall permanentimprove ments, and a resort to make-shifts and ex pedients to keep the roads running for a season with the least possible expenditure for repairs. As the inflation of the cur rency has continued longer than was an ticipated, this system of usiug the railways without repairing them has been persever ed in till both the track and the rolling stock have been worn to a wretched condi tion, and the natural result is this frightful succession of disasters. Many of the railroad accidents have been produced by brokeu rails, and this we are told by a large iron manufacturer is mainly due to the extensive a few years back of cold short iron. It is said that this dif ficulty can be effectually remedied by tho introduction of either coppery ore or Franklinito into the iron for rails. Compe tent directors would see that this danger was avoided, as well as that of running the roads when out of repair.— -Scientific Amer ican. What the Methodists Have Done.— Rev. Dr. Cook, Principal of the Wesleyan Academy at Wilbraham, says the Metho dists of this oountry have, for the last twenty years, established, on the average, one school in four monihs, at an average, endowment of $40,000, making sixty schools in that time at a cost of $2,400,000 ®g*The government doesn’t give the sol dier a bond to secure his life, but it gives him a sword as security without bond. fgrlt is sometimes necessary to test the soundness of a man as we do that of a tea cup—by giving him a few smart thumps. jyPeople with short legs step quickly, because legs are pendulums, and swing more times in a minute the shorter they are. may easily be purchased,- bus happiness is a home-made articlej • NO. 14.