Newspaper Page Text
She Siitnwl Cwsift UIIOE
%U> VOL. 1. (fottutjj Ink. | (A Consolidation of the American and Advocate,) 13 -PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY HAVERSTICK & LONGNECKERS. (t. a. HATRU9TICK, H; 0. *•*. B. LONG.HBCK KK,) AT $2.00 PER ANNUM, In Advance. Xo paper discontinued until all arrear ages are paid, unless at the option of the Pub lishers. A failure to notify its discontinuance will be considered a renewal of subscription. RATES OF ADVERTISING ! Oue square, (of 6 lines, or less,) one insertion, 56 ents ; three insertions, $1; and for every subsequent insertion, 25 cents per square. syfp- A liberal deduction made to those who advertise by the year, or halt year. Bv consolidating the- two Baltimoro county papers, the UNION has the largest circulation of any guilty paper in the State, and thus oilers superior advantages to advertisers. JOB WORK: Our eftice, besides ono of Hoe's best Power Prosses, is furnished with a good Job Press and all the necessarv materials for executing plain and fancy Job Pointing with neatness and dis patch. HANDBILLS Of all sites and styles printed at short notice ftnd on good terms. Magistrate’s and Collector’s Blanks, Deeds, and all kinds of Public Papers always on hand at the office. Professional Cards. * ” B. N. PAYNE, REAL ESTATE A GENT & CONVEYANCER. OFFICE— Smedley Row, opposite the Court House, Towsontown. April 2D. ly John T. Ensor, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, Towsontown, Md. Will attend promptly and per.severingly to all business entrusted to his care. Jan. 1, 1865.—tf. R. W. DOUGHERTY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, TO WSONTO W N, M D. April I.—6m. ' 7 DR. J. PIPER, ; Office—Residence of the late Dr. E. R. Tidings. Office hours from 7 A? M., to 9 o’clock A. M. Front l-e’cloek P. M., to 8 o'cl’k P. M., and C o'clock P. M. Feb. 2A.—tf. T DR. SAMUEL KEPLER. Office and Residence— NEAß EPSOM CHURCH. Towsontown, Dec. 81, 1864.—1 y R. M. PRICE, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Offiee—No. 1 Smedley Row, Towsontown. WILL give prompt attention to all law and chancery business entrusted to his care. Sep. IT, 1864.—1 y C. BOHN §IiIIU,UFF 7 ATTORNEY AT LAW, No. 37 IF. LEXINGTON STREET, (Basement,) Baltimore, Md. April 15, 1865.—1 y. Amos F. Mussel man, ATTORNEY. Offiee No. 21 Lexington st., Baltimore city. PRACTICES in 7 the Courts of Baltimore county. July 9, 1864.—1 y WILLIAM M. BUSEY, ATT.© KM KYAT L ASW, Vi:. 'No.'7l Fayette Street, Near Charles, .Baltimore, Md. “ Apfil 1,1665.—1 y. • Theodore Glocker, ATTORNEY AT LAW AKB SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, He. 44 St. Paul street, Baltimore, Md. PARTICULAR attention given to Chancery and Orphans’ Court business, in the Court* of Baltimore city and county. All communications or business left with Mr. JOHN R. D. BEDFORD, Conveyancer,Towson- U>Wd, will be promptly attended to. March 12, 1864 —tf. . O. C. Warfield, ATTORNEY AT LAW, • ~ ‘ Tj WSONTOWN. JJREPARES applications for BOUNTY, BACK PAY and PENSIONS. Fab. 26.—tf Jos. P. Merryman. ATTORNEY AT LAW, 71 West Fayette street, Balt. Jan. 9, 1864.—1 y --: - ' 7 o. unaarMAx. k. r. a a ecu, n. n. s m i " MERRYMAN & KEECH, DENTISTS, No. 56 North Calvert street, Baltimore. . March 26, 1864.—1 y ‘ • R. R. Boarman, ATTORNEY AT LAW AXD SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY. Smedley Row, opposite Court House, ' * ___ ; wwylLL promptly attend to all business en- W trusted to his care. Jan. 18.—tf __ iwt# ■. waaaLER. william s. krbch Wheeler & Kcech, • ATTORNEYS AT LAW AXD SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY, Offiee No. I and 2 Smedley Row, Towsontown. HAVING formed a PARTNERSHIP for the practice of Law, will give* p.onipt atten tion. to the collection of claims and business in jreuexaf in the CircuitCourt *■ jo w‘Tumpleman. Ch as. J. Pennington Wa. H. Shiplkt. Agents for sale of Maryland lands, Office (up stairs) No. 48 Lexington st., Baltimore. R. W. Templeman, & Co., OFFER their services to the public for the Sale ef Farms, and Real Estate generally. They have, as Surveyors, a general knowledge ef the lands ef parts of the State, and unusual facilities otherwise for the transaction of such business. Plats and descriptions ef all prop erties they may have for sale, will be kept in book form. Parties wishing to seller purchase will please eeramuuicate by letter as above. Oat. 81.—ly JACOB HOJFTI AW, stk ! SADDLE, HARNESS AND COLLAR MAN • ’ UFACTURER. No. 178 North Gay St rot t, Baltimore. I/TANUFACTEREB and keeps constantly on JML hand all kinds of light and .heavy Har nJt, Collars, Saddles, Bridles, Whips, Ac. Old Harness taken in exchange. Country work ot all kinds punctnally attended to. Repairing promptly executed. Ffb. 4.—3 m. County Advertisements. WARREN STOKE, In the Thriving Little Village of WARREN. GREAT REDUCTION OF PRICES IN ALL KINDS OF GOODS. THE proprietors ef the “Warren Store” are offering great inducements to the citizens of this neighborhood, that is worthy of their attention. We offer to the publie the best sc-, lection of goods that cun be found in any store in the country, and will guarantee to sell them at less than city retail prices. All goods sold here warranted as represented or the money refunded. Our steck consist* in part of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, CHINA WARE, CROCKERY WARE, EARTHENWARE, STONEWARE, GLASSWARE, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS, CAPS, DRUGS, DYE STUFFS, OIL AND PAINTS, MEDICINES, GLASS, PUTTY, WHITE LEAD, LINSEED A NEATS FOOT OIL, PAR.vPIIINE OIL, KER OSENE OIL, MACHINE OIL, MACKEREL, HERRINGS, BA CON, HAMS, BREAST PIECES, SHOULDERS, G. A. SALT, Fine Salt, Flour, Corn Meal, Mill Feed, Hom onv Buck Wheat, TIN AND WOODEN WARES, Broom*, Ropes, Plow Lines, Shoe Findings, Wrot Nail*, Cut Nails, Spikes, Rivets, and eve ry article that may be found in a well regulat ed country store. COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kind* taken in exchange for goods at eitv prices. H. P. THOMAS. For Warren Manufacturing Company. Feb. 18.—ly. - Auctioneer. THE undersigned having taken out a Gov ernment License for sh as well as the 2d Congressional District, is prepared to attend sales in any part of Baltimore or Harford coun ties, or any other portion of said Districts, ex cept Baltimore city. Having removed from Sweet Air to Towsontown, persons having business with me will please address me at Towsontown. or ap ply te Mr. Church, Advocate Offiee, Mr. Loug necker A Sons, American Office, or Mr. Nelson Cooper, at his store. SAMUEL G. WILSON. Dec. a. —tAl6 Towsontown, Md. NOTICE. upilE firm of Longnecker A Sons having been X dissolved, all persons having claims against the above firm, of any kind, will please present them to the undersigned, and all per sons being in any way indebted either for sub scription te the Baltimore County American,or for advertising, are requested to make immedi ate payment to the abovo. All persons indebt ed to John H. Longnecker for subscription to, or advertising in the above paper, previous to November 15th. 1863, are earnestly requested to make payment as above. Bills will be sent to all so indebted. • 11. C. LONGNECKER, J. B. LONGNECKER, J. H. LONGNECKER, Jan. 7.—tf. TOWSONTOWN FEMALE SEMINARY. BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL for young Ladies. ? Mrs. MARGARET R. SCHENCK, Principal. (Late Principal of the Columbus Female Sem inary, Ohio.) The next term will eosunenct on Wednesday, February, 8 th. Fob. 11. —4t* il. S. CLAIM, BACK PAY, BOUNTY, Pension & Prize Collecting Agency. THE undersigned, for more than three years past Colonels in the U. S. Army, attend te all Claims against the U. S. Government, make up Quartermasters’ and Ordnance Accounts for 1 Discharged Officers, procure Ration Money for Released Prisoners of War. Compensation to Loyal Owners ef Slaves enlisted in the U. S. Army er Navy .secured. Monthly Pay for Wives and Mothers of Prisoners of War pro cured. Soldiers’ Check Books Cashed, and Cash Advances made on Claims. igfc.Address, post paid, or apply in person to SCHLEY A EMERY, Attorneys at Law, 122 Baltimore st., (up stairs) B<o. Md. March 25.—3 m. CHINA STORE. WM. S. WONDERLY & CO., TT AVE on hand a complete stock of jff curs a, glass;* QUEENSWARE, IllftjPifl, Fine and common, at the Warehouse, 75 Baltimore street, 8 doors west of Gay.street. ■ COAL OIL, of the very best quality, by the barrel or gallon, aneTa complete assortment of LAMPS and WICK for burning it. The manufacture of STONE and EARTHEN WARE still continued. All goods for the country packed in a scien tific manner, and will be sold wholesale and retail, at very low prices, to suit the times. Nov. 5,1864.—tf LEATHER, LEATHER, HIDES, &C. F. H. GRUPY & CO., 42 South Calvert Street, Baltimore, Md., TT AVE always a full assortment of LEATII |~I ER of allVinds, atlowest rates. Call and see before purchasing. HIDES A PRIME TAN BARK Wanted, for which the outaide Cash Priee will be paid. F. H. GRUPY A CO., 42 South Calvert Street, Baltimore. April B.—3m. JOHN D. HAMMOND, SADDLE, HARNESS, TRUNK, AND COLLAR MANUFACTURER, WHOLESALE <k RETAIL, ■ jfiLa No. S4B Baltimore st., AtMWb fltplffliy vjlJ door* below Eutaw iff House, Baltimore, £*S®S|ss|£| MANUFACTURES and keeps coristantlyon hand every description of SADDLES. HARNESS, TRUNKS. VALISES, CARPET BAGB, COLLARS, and every other article in hi* line. Alt order* executed with neatness and dispatch. July 9,1804. —1 y PLOUGH CASTINGS ! PLOUGH CASTINGS !! THE attention of Farmer* and Merchants is invited to my full and complete stock, em bracing all the various sizes ef the Wiley, Woodcock, Smith, Atwood, Minor A Ilorton, Wisconsin, and other kinds, all of which will be sold low by the single piece or ton. Also, a good assortment of Ploughs, at less than regular prices, at No. 142 N. Gay street, Baltimore. HENRY WILCOX. Feb. 6.—tf TAKE NOTICE. FALL STYLES OF HATS, 1864. WE are now prepared to nish our friends and thesCKgMR publie with the FALL STYLES BBlHSpih.. OF HATS, for Gentlemen's wear, HBS9 whieh will compare Krerably with any sold in the eitf of Haltimort. ALSO, SOFT FILT HATS, Latest patterns, for Gentlemen, Youths and Children, some very beautiful. S. HINDIS A NON, Oct. If.— tf Ne. 180 Bay street. TOWSONTOWN. MD., SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1865. IIAUGH’S RAW-80NE PHOSPHATE, UXSUHI'ASSHU FOR PRODUCING A Heavy Growth of Corn, Oats, Potatoes, ANl> ALL SPRING CROPS, And Permanently Enriching the Soil. It contains the Fcrtelizing Properties of Guano, Done, Stable Manure and Lime. PRODUCING in many cases larger crops by fifty per cent, than either of the above ar ticles, when used seperately. It is a highly concentrated manure, being made from Bones containing all their original animal matter. No Burnt Bonoß are used. It has boen used by thousands of farmers in this State, with the highestsatisfaetion. It has proved a perfectly reliable substitute for “Pe ruvian Guano,” being sufficiently quick in its action on the crops, and in all cases enriching the soil, and it is permanent in its effects. It would be well for farmers to send in their orders early, either to the subscriber or to any of his agents, from whom circulars can be ob tained, giving a list of many parsons who have used it, and certificates. GEORftE mJttIIALE, Sole Agent, No, 105 Smith’s Wharf, Feb. IS.—3m. BALTIMORE. Geo. H. Carman. Joshua M. Bosley. MARYLAND LAND AGENCY. WE SELL AND PURCHASE on commis sion, REAL ESTATE of every descrip tion, in the city of Baltimore, the Counties of Maryland and other States, —BORROW AND LOAN MONEY ON MORTGAGE,—and attend to Ctllectious of all kinds promptly. OUR OFFICE is centrally and conveniently located, with all the appliances for a thorough and energetie dispatch of business ; and wc propose to use all proper and available means to present to the purchasing public and capi talists, sueii properly as may be in our hands for sale. IF you want to Sell a Farm, House or Ground Rent, inform us of the fact, and put it on our Books. IF you want to Purchase REAL ESTATE of any kind, or Invest in GROUND RENTS OR MORTGAGES examine our Books before you do so. Persons having business in our line, are res ctfully solicited to give us a call, or eonimu cate with us by letter or otherwise. CARMAN & BOSLEY, Office No. 5 Carroll Hall (up stairs.) S. E. Corner of Baltimore and Calvert Sts., Feb. 18.—tf. Baltimore, Md. BALTIMORE & TOWSONTOWN ON an after Monday, October 10th, 1864, cars will LEAVE BALTIMORE EVERY HOUR, In the Charles Street Cars, corner of Baltimore and North streets, FROM 7 A. M. TO 6 P. M., except 12 M. And will leave CORNER EAST AND ENSOR STS., Old Town, EVERY HOUR, FROM 7.15 A. M. TO 6.15 P. M., Except at 12.15 noon. The cars connect at North Boundarv Avenue. LEAVE TOWSONTOWN EVERY HOUR. FROM 7 A. M. TO 7 I’. M., except at 12 M. A car will leave the corner of EAST AND ENSOR STREETS at 11 P. M. • Oct. 15.—tf A. D. BANKS. Agent. The Old Established and Reliable Substitute Agency, GEO. COLTON&CO., . 23 Second Street, Nearly Opposite the Post Office, HAVING been for a long time in the busi incss of furnishing Districts and individ uals with Substitutes, and enlisting Volunteers for the Army and Navy, and being thoroughly familiar with every department of our occupa tion, we can offergreat facilities to those who mayAnied our services. Those who wanttoen ter,the service, sither as Substitutes or Volun teers, as well as those who want Substitutes for themselves or friends, would do well to give us a call. jzr-£rContracts taken for filling quotas, as heretofore. iSSg,Exemption papers of all kinds carefully prepared ana advice furnished. Claims of all Kinds collected with dispatch. REMEMBER THE PL ACE ! 28 Second Street, Baltimore, !Md< Feb. 25.—3 m. GILMOUR’S HOTEL. 0 -V THE EU K 0 P J! A N PL A N, No. 124 Yf. BALTIMORE STREET, ' HAL'fIMOIiK, J. D. GILMOUR, Proprietor. A LARGE variety of Meats and Vegetables, including all the delicacies of the season, served up in the best style. Particular pains taken to keep WINES AND LIQUORS of the choicest quality. ROOMS FURNISHED BY THE DAY OR WEEK. Dining Rooms for Private Parties. Nov. 18.—ly. WILLIAM L. MILLER, ” WIIOLKSALE AXD RKTAIL DEALER IX w TOBACCO A YD SEGAKS, NO. 6 GREENMOUNT AVENUE. SUPPLIED by M. If. MILLER'S extensive Segar Factory, in the State Prison, j Office for business— No. 6 Greenmount Avenue. Goods at prices that cannot fail, nleasc. I Call and see. June 18.—k MARYLAND BAG FACTORY, GAMBRILL, HOOPER & CO., S. W. COR. SOUTH A PRATT STREETS, BALTIMORE, SHIP Chandlers, and dealer* in Sail Cloth, Netting, Seine and Sail Twine, heavy cot | ton, Flax and Hemp goods generally. Also, , manufacturers of Cotton ami Burlap BAGS, 'Tarpaulins, Wagon Covers, Ac. j Jan. 14, 1865.—tf. ; ~~ SCHUCHMANN & HEIM, MANUFACTURERS OF ! Traveling Trunks, Valises and Ladies Bonnet Boxes, No. 6 W. Street, , BALTIMORE. TRUNKS MADE TO ORDER , Jan. 14, 1865. —ly. j James Beatty. George R. Skillmax. * JAMES BEATTY & CO., > SHIP BISCUIT, CRACKER, ± AND CAKE BAKERS, Nos. 92, 94 and 96 Dugan's Wharf, Near Pratt street, Balt. March 18, 1865.—1 y. GEORGE C. McCOULL, UNDERTAKER, No. 131 Saratoga street, 1 door west of Howard IS prepared to furnish COFFINS at 25 per cent, less than the usual price, and of line finish, for cash. Jan. 28, 1865.—1 y. I Jtlcct f oitru. PRESIDNT LINCOLN’S FAVOR ITE POEM. Mr. Canton ter, the well-known portrait painter, re’atcs that he was once at the White House with the late l’res* ident alone. The ('resident laid aside I,U work and thoj wore talking of Shakespeare, from whose plays lie read several passages. Relapsing into a sadder strain, he laid the hook aside, and leaning hack in his chair, said : “ There is a poem which has )>eeu a great favorite with me for years, which was first shown to me when a young man hy a friend, and which I afterwards saw and cut from a newspaper and learned by heart. I would give a great deal to know who wrote it, but I have never been able to ascertain.” lie afterwards repeated the lines to Mr. Carpenter, who wrote them down as they fell from the lips of the Presi dent. They are as follows : OH! WHY SHOULD THE SPIRIT OF MORTAL BE PROUD t Oh, why should the spirit of mortal be proud ? l.ikea swift, fleeting meteor,a fast-dying cloud. A flash of the lightning, a break of the wave, 11c passetli from life to his rest in the grave. The leaves of the oak and the willows shall fade, Be scattered around and together bo laid ; And the young and the old, and the low and the high. Shall moulder to dust and together shall lie. The infant and mother attended and loved ; The mother that infant’s affection who proved; The husband that mother and infant who blessed. Each, all, arc away to their dwellings of Best. The hand of the king that tIM sept re hath home; The brow of the priest that the mitre hath won ; The eye of the sage and the heart of the brave, Are hidden and lost in the depths of the grave. The peasant, whose lot was to sow and to reap ; The herdsman, who climbs with his goats up the steep; The beggar, who wanders in search of his bread, Have faded away like the grass that we tread. So the multitude goes, like the flower or the weed Tiiat withers away to let others succeed ; So the multitude comes, even those we behold. So repeat every tale that has often been told. For wc are the same our fathers have been; We see the same sights our fathers have seen ; We drink the same stream and view sun, And run the same coarse our fathers have run. The thoughts we are thinking our fathers would think; From the death we are shrinking our fathers would shrink ; To the life we are clinging they also would cling ; But it speeds for us all, like a bird on the wing. They loved, hut the story we cannot unfold ; They scorned, hpt the heart of the haughty is cold ; They grieved, but no wail from their slumber will come; They joyed, hut the tongue of their gladness is dumb. They died, aye! they died ; We things that are now, That walk on the surf that lies over their brow, And make in their dwellings a transient abode, Meet the things that they mot on their pilgrimage road Yea! hope and despondency, pleasure and pain, We mingle together in sunshine and rain : And the smile and the tear, the song and the dirge, Still follow each other, like surge upon surge. ’Tis the wink of an rye,'tis the draught of a breath, From the blossom of health to the paleness of death ; From the gilded saloon to the bier and the shroud. Oh why should the spirit of mortal he proud ? fgimUancDu#. ROBESPIERRE. BY JOHN P. C. ABBOTT. Among the remarkable men developed by the French Revolution, there ate few who stand more prominent than Robespierre His first appearance was in the Assem bly of the States General. The nobles and the bishops refused to meet with the com mons. They resolved to meet in seperate halls, that each of the three orders, having a separate vote, the lords and the bishops haviug two votes, and the commons but one, the commons might be thus outvoted, though in the immense majority. Were they to meet in oue assembly, the commons could, of course, carry their measures. The poor were in a state of terrible distress.— Tho nobles sent the Archbishop of Aix with a very pathetic appeal, urging the com mons in behalf of the people to proceed to business, by consenting to the separation of the three chambers. Robespierre, ono of the deputies of the commons, then an unknown young man, pale and slender, rose and said, “Go tell your colleagues that we are waiting for them here to aid us in assuaging the sorrows of the people Tell them 1.0 longer to ret; r 1 our work. Tell them that our resolution is not to bo shaken by such a stratagem as this.— If they have sympathy for the poor, let them, in imitation of their master,renounce that luxury which consumes the funds of in digence, dismiss those insolent lackeys who attend them, sell their gorgeous equipages and with these superfluities relieve tho per ishing. AVe wait for them here.” We next hear of him earnestly adroca -1 inir the abontToTl —uf pcvnrrcy.— I)r. Guillotin had introduced a new machine , called from the inventor, the guillotine, for , the infliction of capital punishment, with out inflicting pain. A general burst of * laughter was excited in the assembly us the Doctor said : “ With my machine, 1 cau clip off your head in the twinkling of an eye, without you feeling it.” It may bo re marked, in passing, that many who then smiled were soon beheaded by the keen axe. A party arose in France called the Gi rondists—so called, because their leaders, were from the department of the Gironde. They at first were in favor of a constitution al monarchy, like that of England. But finding, from the perfidy of the king and tho court, this to be impossible, they tlieu ad vocated a republic. There was another party advocating the extreme of democratic s license called the Jacobins. Robespierre was one of the leaders of the latter party. He brought an exceedingly envenomed bill of accusation against the Girondists, over whelming them in their trial, and they were all sont to the guillotine. Robespierre, Danton and Marat, the heads of the Jacobin party, were now the idols of France. Cbarlotto Corday soon plunged her dagger into the bosom of Ma rat. Herbert, at the head of the Atheists of Paris, organized a formidable party. — * Robespierre, at the peril of his life, threw himself into the breach to oppose them.— “There are men,” said he, “ who, under the ’ pretext of destroying superstition, would mako a religion of Atheism. The legislator , who would adopt the system of Atheism, is insane. The national convention abhors such a system. Atheism is aristocratic. The idea of a great being who watches over op pressed innocence, and who punishes tri umphant guilt, is quite popular. The peo ple, tho unfortunate, applaud me. If God did not exist, it would behoove man to in vent him.” 7 The conflict was short and desperate.— Each party knew that the guillotine was the doom of the vanquished. Herbert and his coadjutors, nineteen in number, were on the 19th of March, 1794, in five carts con ducted to the scaffold. ’ Danton and Robespierre now quarrelled. Robespierre again conquered in the death struggle, and Danton was doomed to die.— Before tho dawn of the morning, gens d'- armes entered his chamber and tore him from the arms of his wife. As he entered his prison, in the vaults of Luxembourg, he said, sadly: “ At length I perceive that iu revolutions the Supreme power ultimately rests with the most abandoned. We are sacrificed to the ambition of a few dastardly brigands. But they will not long enjoy the fruit of their villainy. I drag Rabespierre after me.— Y Robespierre follows me to the grave.” As Danton, with Camille Desmoulins and r others who were to be executed with him, 9 alighted from the cart at the scaffold, Her ault do Sechelles, who was to suffer first, endeavorod to take leave of Dantoo in a ! parting embrace. The brutal executioner ■ interposed. “Wretch,” snid Danton, “you will not, ' at least, prevent our heads from kissing pre sently in tho ’ As ho was bound to the fatal plank ho said, “0, my wife, my dear wife, shall I never see you again ?” Then, as if ashuinod of his emotion, he add ed, “But, Danton, no weakness.’’ Then, as tho plank fell to its place beneath the slide ho proudly remarked to the executioner, You will show my head to the people. It will be well worth tho display.” Robespierre was now undisputed victor. Day after day he punished bis foes. Ho was not maliciously cruel, but a thorough fanatic, believing that all political oppo nents should bo executed. The mother of Lucille, tho young wife of Desmoulins, wrote in the following terms to Robespierre, who had doomed her daughter to death.— She and Lucille and Desmoulins had for merly been Robespierre’s most intimate friends. “ Robespierre,” she wrote, “is it not enough to havo assassiuatedyour best friend. Do you desire the blood of his wife, of my daughter? Two hours more and 6he will uot be in existence. Robespierre, if you are not a tiger in human shape, if the blood of Camille has not inebriated you to the point of losing your reason entirely,—if you recall still our evenings of intimacy, if you recall the caresses you lavished on our lit tle Horace, and how you delighted to hold hitn upon your knees, spare an innocent victim. But if thy fury is that of the lion, come and take me also, and my daughter Adele and little Horace. Come, with hands reeking in the blood of Camille, and let one single tomb reunite us.” But Robespierre was inexorable, and the young and beautiful Lucille perished be neath the fatal axe. Robespierre is one of the most inexplicable of men. His inoral character was irreproachable. No bribes could corrupt him. He sincerely endeav ored to establish a republic upon the basis of popular liberty and virtue. Self-aggrand izement was no part of his plan. But he was as merciless as the slide of the guillo tine. At times, indeed, he seemed weary of blood. On one occasion he remarked, “Death, always death ; and the scoundrels throw all the responsibility on me. What a memory shall 1 leave behiud me if this lasts ! Life is a burden to ine.” A young girl, Cecille Regnanlt, but sev enteen years of age, was accused of plot ting the assassination of Robespierre. She and all her friends perished on the scaffold and eight carts were filled with victims to avenge this crime. But tho fickle populace at last began to suspect their idol of being unfriendly to the Revolution, and of wish ing to arrest its torrents of blood. In six months two thousand three hundred and seventy-five had perished upon the scaffold in Paris alone. Rebespierre, weary of blood attempted to check these senseless atroci ties. A conspiracy of very euergetic men was formed against him. As he entered the convention on the 29th of July, 1794, cries of “ Down with tho tyrant ?” filled the house. Overwhelmned by the clamor, Robespierre in vain endeavored to speak in self-defence. “ President of assassins,” he shouted, “ will yon hear mo ?” He was arrested and led to the Hotel de Brinne in the Place du Car rousal. His friends recued him and carried him to the Mayor’s room at the Hotel de ViUe. It was now night, and all Paris was in a blaze of commotion, mobs surging through the streets. A detachment of soldiers was sent by the convention to arrest Bobespierre again. He was sitting calmly at the table awaiting his fate. One of the soldiers dis charged a pistol at him. Tho ball entered his jaw and produced a terrible wound. His head dropped upon the table deluging it with blood. Thus mangled, he was borne on a litter, just as the day was beginning to dawn, to the hall of the convention. He was laid on a table in an ante-room, while a vast crowd gathered around to gaze upon tho fallen dictator, lie was overwhelmed with insults. Tho blood flowed freely from his wound, coagulating in his mouth, and choking him as it trickled down his throat. After passing an hour of almost unendura ble agony, he with his brother and several others of his friends, were brought before the Revolutionary Tribunal. The trial oc cupied but a few moments, aud they were all doomed to die. At 5 o’clock of the same evening, the cart conveyed them through the Rue St. No nore to the Place do la Revolution. Robes pierre ascended the scaffold with a firm step. As the executioner brutally toro the band age from his inflamed wound, he uttered a shriek of torture wlucti pierced every ear. lu another moment the axe of the guillo tine glided swiftly down its groove and the head of Robespierre fell into the basket. There was a moment’s silence and theu there came, from the lips of those who but a short time before, were shouting hosannas to his name, a burst of tho wildest applause.— Thus died Robespierre in the thirty-fifth year of his age—A r . Y. Ledger. Wiiat Masks a Lady. —When Beau Bruin mel, was asked what makes the gentleman, his quick reply was, “ Starch, starch, my lord !” This may be true ; but it takes a great deal more to make a lady : and though it may to some seem singular. I am ready to maiutain that no conceivable quantity of muslin, silk or satin, edging, frilling, hoop ing, flouncing, or furbelowing, can per sa.or per dressmaker, constitute areal lady. Was not Mrs. Abbott Lawrence just as much a lady whon attired in twelve-cent calico, in Boston, as when arrayed in full court-dress at St. James, Londou ? “As Mrs. Wash ington was said to be so graud a lady,” Says a celebrated English visitor (Mrs. Thorpe,) “ we thought we must put on our best bibs and bands : so we dressed ourselves in our most elegant ruffles and silks, and were in troduced to her ladyship; and don’t you think we found her knitting, and with her check apron on 1 She received us very gra ciously and easily; but, after tho compli ments were over, she resumed her knittiug. There we were, without a stitch of work, and sitting iu state ; but Gen. Wasbinton’s lady, with her own hands was knitting stock ings for her husband !” Does uot thnt sweet republican simplicity command your admi ration ? Sambo on Women. Dey may rail against wiminin as much as dey like, dey can’t set me up against dem. I hab always in my life found dem fust in lub—fust in a quarrel—fust in de dance—de fust in de icecreem saloon—and de fust, best, and last in de sick room.— What would we poor dubbles do without dem ? Let us be born as little, as ugly, and as helpless as you please, and a woman’s arms am open to receib us. She it am who gibs us our fast dose 3 ob castor ile, and puts close upon our helpless naked limbs, and cubbers up oar foots and toses in long flannel peticoats, and it am she who, as we grow up, fills oar dinner baskets with apples as we starts to skool, and licks as when we tears our trousers. O’Mr. Lincoln has told his “ little sto ry ”in Richmond. While in the parlor of the fugitive Confederate President, some one related to him the circumstances of Davis’s flight. He said it reminded him of the negro, who, when his preacher told the congregation there were only two roads, one leading to hell and the other to damna tion, exclaimed : “ Den dis nigger will take to de woods.” wwnn—w Ex-General Lee. The sooner Robert E. Leo is assigned to the position which he has so justly tarued, f the better. If this rubellion which has i cursed our land for the past four years is , an infamous and wanton and disgraceful piece of wickedness, then the chief actors t in it are infamous and wicked aud disgrace- i ful too. If it is not, then Northern writers v and orators have spent four years in idle words, and Northern blood has flowed in torrents in an unrighteous cause. The liberal terms dictated to the rebel chief by his conqueror, will, we fear, be lit- i tie appreciated by the arrogant leaders of s the South, and are as little relished by ave- t ry largo portion of the people of the North, f The leniency of our Government towards C the rebels ever since the war began, has t been censtantly abused and turned to our f disadvantage, and we already see, as one of c the results of the liberality extended to Lee i the geerillas who have infested the noigh- i borbood of Alexandria aud other places t coolly coining into our lines and claiming t the same immunity that has beeu extended \ to their commander-in-chief. Horse-thieves i and assassins as they are, the law has no ( halter for them, and the provost marshal \ no whipping post. i Lee’s own position will be whatever the s loyal people of the North choose to make i it. There is scarcely a home in the whole l free North that does not owe to him, in his personal and his representative capacity, 1 the death of some brother er husband or j father. He is responsible above all other i men, for the horrible cruelties of the South- 1 cm prisons, and we hear the claim that is 1 set up for his great humanity and personal i goodness wilh loathing and disgust when i we call to mind the liviug skeletons that ■ havo crawled home to die, or the long rows < of unknown graves that surround the stock- < ades of Andersonville and Salisbury. i The last address of Leo to his army, writ- ! ten after ha had surrendered to Lieut. Gen. i Grant on such generous terms, should de prive him of all claims to the mawkish sym pathy that wc have heard expressed in some i quarters. It is the address of a defiant trai tor, who cannot appreciate the noble gen erosity of his conqueror; and tho hypocrit ical appenl to the Deity, who, in spite of j former like appeal, has suffered him to bo crushed, reads like blasphemy. But for him, aud others like him, we would have no great war, and we would not now be mourn ing a martyred President. Let us remem ber this whenever we are asked to be mer ciful or even charitable to him. We have no feeliug of sentimental admi ration for this man, nor can we understand why he is entitled to the slightest personal consideration. We regard him as simply the right-hand man of Jeff Davis ; a deser ter to his own flag ; a traitor to his own. coantry ; a breaker of oft-repeated oaths ; owing the escape of bis neck from the hal ter, if it does escape, to the clemency of the Government he has so diligently striven to destroy. A bad record for a once proud name; scanty material wherewith to construct a hero ! a black page to fill in future history —and yet this is all he can justly claim.— Disgraced in reputation, ruined in fortune, grown old and broken before his time, it would be an act of justice to the laws he has violated, to banish him to some foreign land whero he might be at least partially forgot ten and partially removed from the associ ations which here must forever remind him of the failure and the crime of which he was tbg ruliDg spirit.— Phila. Bulletin. Pretroleum—Some of its Uses. We speak of petroleum as a “ lubricator,” as an “illuminator,” as a “ fuel,” as a “gen erator of steam,” and as a “ medicine.” We find in the course of t>ut four weeks it has doubled its sphere of value, Or rather has been applied with perfect success to the following new uses: First. It is becoming to bo uuiveraally employed by tanners, after the naptha has been extracted from it, as a substitute for fish oil, and tho leather thus prepared is found to be even better than that tanned in the old way. The naptha so procured can then be used as a substitute for alcohol in lineiments and other medical compounds. It is said to be the best solvent for India rubber known, and with ita rubber varnish for leather, rendering the latter water-proof, can be made. The heavy oil strained in a cold room yields the paraffine which is employed to adulterate and ctieapeu spermaceti, beeswax, etc., and for making candles. Our fair dames and demoiselles will be no little astonished ■ also, to learn that eighty tons of it are used in this country as mastic, which they buy in our candy stores, and chew iu little yol lo v and rose-colored sticks. Again the most exquisite dyes are obtaia ed from it, among them the new and beau tiful girojla, surpassing all that Tyre and Persia ever owned. Our self-raising flour derives its most distinctive qualities from this multiple and wonderful substance, since the waste acid that flows from the petrolenm refineries is largely applied to the imitatiou of and adul teration of cream of tartar, which is the lighter of the bread ? But the press owes a direct debt that must be now acknowledged to this good genius of the earth. Au American chemist has re cently taken oat & patent for making prin ting inks from tho various colors and ex tracts of petroleum ; and the black ink he thus manufactures is better than that made with linseed oil, and can be made for half the latter! Some of our great publishing houses are even uow constantly using it, and this article may be printed with the pigment. The consumption of the com pound already amounts to hnudrods of tons. A large and celebrated firm in this city is now making a delightful cosmetic soap from the same oil. Within cannon shot of that establishment is another where gas is made and furnished from petroleum at the rate of $1.50 per 1,- 000 foot; and it yields the brightest and purest light, and most powerful heat yet known for domestie purposes. They are using petroleum in England to generate steam. By extracting the volatile spirits the oil is made perfectly safe, aud twenty gallons, it is said, is equal to a ton of coal for heating purposes. It is claimed that the oil occupies less space, is cleaner, requires fewer persons to handle it, and pre serves the iron of ships bettor than coal. -N. Y. News. Take it Warm. — A dear old lady, who had brought an action for damages against a neighbor, was being examined, when the judge suggested a compromise, and instruc ted her counsel to ask what she would take to settle matter. “ What will you take V' asked the coun sel of the old lady. She shook her head at the counsel, in- , forming the jury, in confidence, that she ' was “ very hard o’ hearing.” , “ His honor wants to know what you will take,” asked the learned counsel again, this time bawling rb loud as he could in the old lady’s ear. “ I thank your honor kindly,” said the an cient dame, “ and if it’s no inconwenience to him, I’ll take a little warm ale.” (9*A shrewed observer says, “I get friends and manage to keep them by not asking them for anything but advice. You can’t ask anything of a man that he loves to give more, and that costs him less than advice.” NO. 18. For Ihr Union. have received the following letter from the Rev. Dr. Gere, Chaplain of the U. fcs. A. (ieneral Hospital at York, Pa. Mr. Gere is so well and favorably known in this community, and the letter contains such interesting statements of the Hospital where he is laboring, that we publish it entire. The Hospital at York. Sirs :—Some weeks since I read a note in your excellent paper, correcting from per sonal observation, the very imperfect descrip tion of this Hospital given in the third lie port of the committee of Maryland, U. S. Christian Commission. You have the thanks of many for presenting some simple facts respecting an institution called into existence for the relief of sufferers by the most unprovoked and wicked war which darkens the pages of history. It may tend to draw toward them a larger dividend of the unexampled liberality of a loyal people, whose hearts and hands, whilst they can not go to the field of battle themselves, are open to sustain and comfort the brave men who hace f/one and laid upon our country’s altar, all tilings dear, and life itself, to pre serve intact the rich inheritance secured in the Providence of God, by the valorund blood of our forefat hers. Our Hospital is in a most pleasant and healthy location, and occupies an enclosure, just on the southern edge of the Borough, a little upwards of eight hundred and nine ty feet square. Its buildings varying some what in width and heigth, in the aggregate are 3700 feet in length—exclusive of a large number of tents, and of the eigth ward, which occupies two floors of the the capa cious Odd Fellow’s Hall, and will accom date a hundred patients. Your readers will readily perceive how much like a Female Seminary, to which the. Report refered to assigus the Hospital, are its real surround ing. I think there is no Seminary build ings even in sight of it. Accuracy in such cases may be of some importance, and this cannot well be reached by mere conjecture. The entrauce, which is tastefully arched, is painted sea-green, and fronting with the gate, the first in a long line ofbuildings, is - the ‘‘officer of the day’s” room, surmounted by a black, frowning, though powerless, fan cy six pouuder. Passing then a range of offices handsomely “labeled,” with a lofty shaft in front, from which floats our Nation al banner, and at the head of another long line of barracks, we have the office of our able Executive. Its gable end is decora ted by the stars, and the stripes flare down in bright colors upon the roof of the portico, whilst a majestic gilded eagle perched upon three divergent, representa tive guns, resting in the upper point of the angle, spreads its shining pinions above.— The design is striking and the effect fine. Our walks are being re-constructed and bordered with green turf, and the wide space between the rows of buildings lias been graded, scientifically laid out, border ed also with green turf, and planted with flowers, shrubs, evergreens and forest trees, which, stimulated by the bountiful April showers, and the very fertile soil seem to have suffered little by the change from their origiual bed, and are rapidly developing their native foliage. In the centre of this ornamented circle a fountain is constructed, supplied with ex cellent water, which also is distributed by hydrants at convenient distances through the campus. The buildings, whether repa pered, painted, or washed, have renewed their coating outside and in, and in a bright, sunny day are painfully white. The outside of the Chapel and second ward is sea-green, and so well ordered are our police and san itary arrangements, that all are kept pro verbially neat and clean. The new laundry, a substantial and well proportioned build ing now approaching completion, is up wards of 100 feet in length, and a valuable acquisition. What you have said so well, and in few words, I need not repeat, only, I judge that with tents and all, accommodations might be found for more than 2500 patients, al though we have at present, but about 800 (eight hundred.) Such is the general ef fect of the whole upon the men that ‘they often exclaim “This ought to be kept as a soldiers’ home." I doubt not they appre ciate it the more, as all the substantial and useful, all the fancy, art, science, and taste exhibited, all the hand and head work ac complished, are but the development ofthe talent inside of their own temporary dwell ing place. Led on and supported by the economical and energetic commandant ot the Post, a vast aggregate has been effect ed within our own military family, for their convenience and comfort. J cannot tell you how deeply we are in debted to that lleavon originated institu tion, the Christian Commission, for rich supplies of religious reading—books, tracts and periodicals, besides numerous articles to relieve the physical wants of our brave, patient, suffering men. We have now an extra meeting in progress, which we trust by the blessing of God, will result in much good. Some have returned to the Lord during the Winter, and we are looking for many more. The legitimate ont-cropping, the crown ing crime of treason, the assassination of our excellent President, Abraham Lincoln, the Nation’s favorite, has affected us deep ly. Some, who have ranked under the same rebel banner, and by implication are fellow conspirators and " “purticeps criminis,” shrink from their responsibility, and now, “were always loyal—always iJnion." May the Lord put a speedy end to the de vastating war, and sweep from the land the last vestige of the foul spirit which instiga ted and so long sustained it. ♦ ►— Gentlemen of Veracity. —A person complained to Dr. Franklin of having been insultpd by one who called him a scoun drel. “Ah,” replied the doctor, “and what did you call him ?" “Why," said he, “I call ed him a scoundrel, too.” “Well,” resum ed Franklin, “1 presume you are both gen tlemen ofvaracity, and as the account seems balanced between you, each should regard it as a receipt in full.” A bachelor friend of ours says that he never attempted to make but one speech to a woman, and then be did not succeed. It was a beautiful moonlight night, and he caught her hand and dropped upon his knees, lie only saw a streak of calico as she went over the bar. He did not see her again for a fortnight, and then a # lellow was feeding her with molasses candy at a circus. —— gg“A heartless old fellow, writing for a mngazine, says :—“I have seen women so delicate that they were afraid to ride for fear of the horses running away, afraid to sail for fear the boat would upset, and Afraid to walk for fear the dew might fall upon them ; but I never saw one that w&3 afraid to get married.” “Do you think I’ll get justice done me ?" said a culprit to a counsel. “ I don’t think you will,” replied the other, “ for I see two men on the jury who are opposed to hanging.” +<■— Confederacy, considering how little liquor it can get, staggers awfully. work of a day may have a centu ry of influence.