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VOL. 1. .. :.q ~ • . _ Professional Cards. BN. PAYNE, REAL ESTATE AGENT & CONVEYANCER. OFFICE-r—Sraedley Row, opposite the Court House, Towsontown. April 29.—1 y John T. Ensor, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, Towsontown, Md. Will attend promptly and perseveringly to all business entrusted to his care. Jan. 1, 1865.—tf. b! w. dougherty7 AT LAW, TOWSONTOWN, MD. April I.—6m. __ DR. J. PIPER, Office—Residence of John M. Wheeler, Esq., . * adjoining Mn Lewis Yogle’s Store. Office hours from 7 A. M., to 9 o’clock A. M. From 1 o’clock P. M., to 3 o’cl’k P. M., and 6 o’clock P. M. Jan. 1, 1865.—1806. ISAAC McCURLEY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, 3 8 ST. PAUL STREET, BALTIMORE. May 6. —ly R. M. PRICE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office—No. 1 Smedley Row, Towsontown. WILL give prompt attention to all law and chancery business entrusted to his care. Sep. 17* 1864.—1jr ' c. nu.\ sMiva.iri', attorney at law, 2fo. 3T W. LEXINGTON STREET, (Easement,) Baltimore, Md . April 15, 1865.—1 y. Amos F. Musselman, ATTORNEY. Office No. 21 Lexington st., Baltimore city. PRACTICES in the Courts of Baltimore county. July 9,1864.—1 y WILLIAM M. BUSEY, attobmetat law, Nos 7i Fayette Street, Near Charles, Baltimore, Md. April 1, 1865. —ly. Theodore ©looker, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, No. 44 St. Paul street, Baltimore, Md. PARTICULAR attention given to Chancery and Orphans’ Court business, in the Courts Baltimore city and oounty. All communications or business left with Mr. JOHN R. D.BEDFORD, Conveyancer, Towson town, will be promptly attended to. March 12, 1864.—tf. . .O. C. Warfield, T ATTORNEY at law, Towsontown. applications for BOUNTY, BACK FAY and PENSIONS. Feb. 2ff. —tf Jos. P. Merryman. ATTORNEY AT LAW, 71 West Fayette street, Balt. Jan. 9,1864.—1 y: : ~~~ DR. ISAAC McCURLEY, OTWTIST, s. W.COB. LIBERTY add LEXINGTON, Sts. BALTIMORE. ttayd-lf G. HSRBTKAX. *• P- KBBCH, D. D. S MERRYMAN & KEECH, dentists, No. 50 North Calvert street, Baltimore*. March 26,1864.—ly DR. J. H. JARRETT, (Formbrlt Surgeon 7th Mn., Vons.,) HAVING purchased the late residence nf Dr. E. R. Tidings, respectfully offers his Professional Services to the public. Having had an experience of ten years in private prac tice and two years and a-half in the army, he hopes to be able to give satisfaction to all those who may favor him with a call. Jnbe 17, 1865.—1 y. - Dr. B. P. BOHRER^ OF BROOKLANDVILLE, HAS declined the practice of Medicine in favor of Dr. R. F. CHAPMAN, but will attend any cases specially requesting his at tentions as consulting physician. Dr. R. P. CHAPMAN, Offers his Professional Services to the commu nity of Brooklandville. July 22,—4t* _ R. R. Boarman, attorney at law AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY. Smedley Row, opposite Court House, TOWSONTOWN. WILL promptly attend to all business en trusted to his care. Jan. 18.—tf HOWARD MUNNIKHUYSEN, A TTORNET AT LAW, 4rSt. Paul St., Baltimore, PRACTICES in the Courts of Baltimore city iMid Baltimore and Harfard Counties. Prompt attention given to the collection of fl %rhdrof CLAIMS. SOLDIERS BOUNTIES, PENSIONS, AND BACK PAY, tm* Attended to and Collected with despatch. May 27.—3m.* LB WIS H. WBKILKR. WILLIAM S. KEECH WTmeler & Keech, attorneys a$ law AND SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY, Office No. 1 and 2 Smedley Row, Towsontown- HAVING formed a PARTNERSHIP for the practice of Law, will give piompt atten tion to the collection of claims and business in cenerul in the Orphans’Courtand Circuit Court for Baltimore county. Aug. 2 T, 1859—tf X, W. Tbmplkmaw. Cbas. J. Piiwwton Wm.H. Shiplbt. Agents for sale of Maryland rands, • Office (p stairs) No. 48 Lexington at., Baltimore. B. W. Templeman, & Co., OFFER their services to the public for the Sale of FarmS, and Real Estate generally. Th*y have, as Surveyors, a general knowledge •f the lands of parts of the State, and unusual facilities otherwise for the transaction of such business. Plats and descriptions of all prop erties they may have for sale, will be kept in book form. Parties wishing to sell or purchase will please communicate by letter as above. Oct. M.—ly All Persons Indebted mO the late Baltimore County Advocate, either 1 Jo J 5. F. Church, or Church A Haverstick, are respectfully requested to call at the Union office and settle their hills. Fob. 18.—tf kAl&f ol i farm, the wife to take charge of the dairy Inquire at this Qfficc. Aug. s.— it* Mu. Cdinttg Ink. (A Consolidation of the American and Advocate,) IS PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY HAVERSTICK S UDNGHECKERS. (l. m. uaverstick, h. c. a j. b. longxbcker,) AT $2.00 PER ANNUM, In Advance. No paper discontinued until all arrear ages are paid, unless at the option of the Pub lishers. A failure to notify its discontinuance will bo considered a renewal of subscription. RATES OF ADVERTISING • One square, less,) one insertion, ami insertion, 25 cents per squl^H ;! /4 Hi . 12 mos. yjO siput Six 00 Quarter 12 00 18 00 Half One column 16 00 30 00 55 00 advertisement inserted for less than One Dollar. >S©_M<arriages and Deaths inserted free of charge, except when accompanied by quotations or remarks, for which the usual price of adver tising will be charged. By consolidating the two Baltimore county papers, tho UNION ha 3 the largest circulation of any county paper in tho State, and thus offers superior advantages to advertisers. JOB WORK: Our office, besides one of Hoe’s best Power Presses, is furnished with a good Job Press and all the necessary materials for executing plain and fancy Job Printing with neatness and dis patch. HANDBILLS Of all sizes and styles printed at short notico and on good terms. Magistrate's and Collector’s Blanks, Deeds, and all kinds of Publie Papers always on hand at the office. County Advertisements. REMOVAL. GEORGE STEIBER, BOOT & SHOE MAKER, TOWSONTOWN, MD., r Jfe. HEREBY informs the citizens of Towson towu and vicinity, that lie has removed his Boot and Shoe establishment from his re cent place of business, to the building adjoin ing the post office and store of Mr. Nelson Coop or, where he will in the future be pleased to see all his friends and customers. I keep constantly on hand a varied assort ment of Boots, Shoes, Gaiters, Ac., for either Ladies, Gentlemen or Children, ALL OF MY OWN MANUFACTURE, which will be found as durable, and cheaper than can bo procured in the city of Baltimore. I return my thanks for the very liberal pa tronage I have heretofore received, and I will endeavor, by attention to business, and moder ate charges, to merit a continuance of the same. b GEORGE STEIBER. April I.—6m. _~j History of the Rebellion. HEADLEY’S HISTORY OF THE WAR. THE undersigned having procured an agen cy for this valuable work for a portion of Baltimore and Harford counties will in a very short time visit the people of the county solic iting subscriptions therefor. It will be a true and faithful history of events as they have trans pired since April 1861, until nearly to the pres ent time. It will be published in two vols. at $3.50 each the first of which will soon be delivered, and the second immediately after tho close of the war. Each volume will contain many pages of illustrations of Battle scenes, and over forty por traits of officers prominent in the war, both North and South.-- Volume I, containing 506 pages, is already prepared, and will be delivered by the Agents after finishing the canvass in their several lo calities. Volume II will be issued as soon as practicable after the close of the war, and will contain about 700 pages, or more, if necessary to complete the History. EDWARD N. TYRRELL. June 3,1865. —ly. FRANK L. MORLING, FLORIST, SEEDSMAN AND NURSERYMAN, Store No. 2 N. Eutavo Street, Baltimore, Nurseries on the Hookstown Road Adjoin ing Druid Hill Park, WOULD invite the attention of the citizens of the countv, to his Stock of \ fU GARDEN SEEDS, p FLOWER SEEDS,MBhEk&F FRUIT TREES, APE VINES, and all SMALL FRUITS. EVERGREEN AND ORNAMENTAL SHADE TREES, Green House, Hot House and Hardy Plants, Roses and Flowering Shrubs. I will be prepared at all times to furnish ev any thing in my line of trade. June 3,1865. —ly. Ladies’ & Childrens’ SHOES So GAITERS. JAMES PHIPPS, EESPECTFULLY informs the citizens of Towsontown and vicinity, that he manu factures to order at his residence at the new Toll Gate, on the York road, in Towsontown, LADIES’ and CHILDRENS’ SHOES AND GAI TERS, of every description, oftlie best mate rial, neat, and cheap as can be procured in the city. REPAIRING promptly executed* \ \ respectfully solicit a share of public patronage. JAMES PHIPPS. Jul 29.—6 t. f r...q p| DRUG STORE IN TOWSONTOWN. fTIHE Subscriber respectfully informs _L the residents of Baltimore county, yy that he has opened aDRUG AND APOTH ECARY STORE in Towsontown, where he in tends keeping a carefully selected Stock of Pure & Genuine Drugs, Medicines, and all articles usually kept in a well-regulat ed DRUG STORE, at city prices. Also, Paints, Oils, Varnish, Brushes, Window Glass, Stationery, Perfumery, and Notions of every Description. RICHARD WILLIS, June 17.—3 m. Towsontown, Md. WHEELWRIGHTING IN TOWSONTOWN. T ll E undr - easssassvi JL signed l> ° ,r 'Wiif! ifr jgjpMing taken * shop adjoining that of Mr. Alex. Parlctt, would most respectfully inform the publie that he is prepared to execute all work in his line as cheap as it can be done elsewhere. kauSpecial attention given to repairing of all kinds. PHILIP EDLER. May 20.—tf. House, Sign, and Fancy Painting. HENRY L. BOWEN TOWSONTOWN, IS prepared to execute all work in hUline such as ; GLAZING, GRAINING, GILDING, IMITATION OF WOOD AND MARfiLfc, to.; All of which will be done promptly, ! and on the most reasonable terms. April 7, IB6o.—tf TOWSONTOWN, MD., SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1865. County Advertisements . WARREN STORE, = In the Thriving Little Village of WARREN. GREAT REDUCTION OF PRICES IN ALL KINDS OF GOODS. THE proprietors of the “Warren Store” are offering great inducements to tho citizens of this neighborhood, that is worthy of their attention. We offer to the public the best se lection of goods that can be found in any store in the country, and will guarantee to sell them at less than city retail prices. All goods sold here warranted as represented or the money refunded. Our stock consists in part of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, CHINA WARE, CROCKERYWARE, EARTHENWARE, .STONEWARE, GLASSWARE, BOOTS AND SHOES, HATS, CAPS, DRUGS, DYE STUFFS, OIL AND TAINTS, MEDICINES, GLASS, PUTTY, WHITE LEAD, LINSEED A NEATS FOOT OIL, PARAPHINE OIL, KER OSENE OIL, MACHINE OIL, MACKEREL, HERRINGS, BA CON, HAMS, BREAST PIECES, SHOULDERS, G. A. SALT, Fine Salt, Flour, Corn Meal, Mill Feed, Hom ony Buck Wheat, TIN AND WOODEN WARES, Brooms, Ropes, Plow Lines, Shoe Findings, Wrot Nails, Cut Nails, Spikes, Rivets, and eve ry article that may to found in a well regulat ed country store. COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds taken in exchange for goods at eity prices. H. P. THOMAS, For Warren Manufacturing Company. Feb. 18. —ly. SUMMER BOARDING HOUSE! SMEDLEY HOUSE HOTEL AT TOWSONTOWN, MD. ASK CHRIS. SHAW, ) Proprietors. MARION I.ANGDON, j Proprietors. fpHIS large and popular Hotel, having pass i ed into new hands, has received various repairs andimprovoments and is now open for the entertainment of guests. It is the deter mination of the Proprietors to maintain its past reputation as a SUMMER BOARDING IIOUSEj'ks well as a House for the accomrno* dation of all transient patronage. The rooms are large and well furnished, with bath rooms convenient; the Table and Bar are well sup plied ; good Stabling is provided, and tho sur rounding grounds are beautiful. Mr. Shaw is well known for years past as the Sroprietor of the popular “Cottage Saloon” on [igh Street, Baltimore. May 20.—3 m. Baltimore & towsontown RAILWAY. ON an after Monday, JUNE 16th, 1865, cars will LEAVE BALTIMORE EVERY HOUR, In the Charles Street Cars, corner of Baltimore and North streets, FROM 7 A. M TO 7 P M., except 12 M. And will Uave CORNER EAST AND ENSOR STS., Old Town, EVERY HOUR, FROM 7.15 A. M. TO 7.15 P. M., Except at 12.15 noon. The cars connect at North Boundary Avenue. LEAVE TOWSONTOWN EVERY HOUR, FROM 6 A. M. TO 7 P. M., except at 12 M. A car will leave the corner of EAST AND ENSOR STREETS at 11 P. M. June. 10.—tf A. D. SANKS, Agent. SWEET AIR STAGE. Change of Time- FOR the Bummer season the Stage will run daily, (Sundays excepted,) as follows, com meneing Monday, May 22d : Leaves SWEET AIR every morning at 6 o'clock, arriving at Towsontown in time to connect with the 9 o’clock Car. On Mail days, (Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.) will leave TOWSONTOWN at 9 o’clock, arriving at Sweet Air about 12 o’clock. On Mondays, Wed nesdays and Fridays will leave TOWSON TOWN at 5 o'clock P.M., arriving at Sweet Air about 7J o’clock P. M. EDWARD G. PEARCE. May 20. Catonsville Railway. Spring and Summer Arrangement. /~YN and after Monday, May Ist, 1865, cars U will run HOURLY FROM 7 A. M. TO 7 PM., and at 9 P. M. daily SUNDAY'S excepted. On Sunday’s HOURLY FROM 7 A. M., to 9 P. M. PASSENGERS TO AND FROM ELLICOTT’S MILLS Will leave daily, Sundays included, at 7, 9 and 11 A. M., and 2, 4 and 6 P. M. Office west end of Baltimore street. WM. W. ORNDORFF, Secretary. April 29.—tf coachmaking AND UNDERTAKING, THE subscriber respectfully informs his friends, and the public generally, that he ■mm sm is prepared to execute at his shop Towsontown, at the intersec tion of the York Turnpike and Jop pa Road, every description of Wheelwrighting, Coaclimakiug, &c. He will manufacture to ordor, Carriages, Bug gies, Roekaways, Carryalls, Ac. Old Carriages repaired and painted at short notice. Also, keeps constantly on hand, (and made to order at the shortest notice,) every style and description of COFFINS, and having provided himself with a HEARSE, he is prepared to attend funerals at all times. All work warranted to give satisfaction. GEO. H. HUGHS. April 15, 1864.—tf. ntEJSTCIi CLOTHS, CASSIMERS OF ALL KINDS, SILK MARSEILLES. And all kinds of Vest Patterns, Scarfs, Neckties and Collars, Handkerchiefs, TravellingShirtß, Linen Bosom Shirts, Linen Bosoms, (all qualities and prices,) White Muslins and Linens For Shirting, Ac., for sale Wholesale and Retail. ALL KINDS OF TAILORS, TRIMMINGS, Together with READY-MADE CLOTHING, As cheap as can be procured in the city. AUGUST LOOSE, Merchant Tailor, Opposite Ady's Hotel, Towsontown. Feb. 25.—tf- Auctioneer. r FYIHE undersigned having taken out a Gov -1 ernment License for sth as well as the 2d Congressional District, is prepared to attend salek in any part of Baltimore or Harford coun ties, or any other portion of said Districts, ex dept Baltimore city. Having removed from Sweet Air tc j Towsontown, persons having business with me Will please address me at Towsontown, or ap ply to Mr. Church, Advocate Office, Mr. Long ; neeker A Sons, American Office, or Mr. Nelson i Cooper, a* his store. SAMUEL G. WILSON, 1 Dt. s.—(Alt Towsontowi Md. Jtkft ffwtqr. f HOME BRIGHT AND PDEASNT. More than building ihowy mansions— More than dress and fine array— , More than domes and lofty steeples— . More than station, power and sway ; Make your home both neat and tasteful, ! Bright and pleasant, always fair ; I Where each heart shall rest contented, . Grateful for each beauty there. Mole than lofty, swelling titles— More than Fashion’s ’luring glare— -1 More than Mammon's gilded honors— -1 More than thought can well compare ; See that home is made attractive By surroundings pure and bright; Shrubs, arranged with taste and order, Flowers, with all their sweet delight. Seek to make your home most lovely, I.et it be a smiling spot, Where, in sweet contentment resting, Care and sorrow are forgot; When flowers and trees are waving, Birds will sing their sweetest song ; Where the purest thoughts will linger, Confidence and love belong. Make your home a little Eden, Imitate her smiling bowers ; Let a neat and smiling cottage Stand among bright trees and flowcr9. There, what fragrance and what brightness Will each blooming rose display 1 Here, a simple vine-clad arbor Brightens through each summer day. There each heart will rest contented, Seldom wishing e’er to roam ; Or, if roaming, still will cherish Mem’ries of that pleasant home. Such a home makes man the better; Sweet and lasting its control— Home, with bright and pure surroundings, Leaves its impress on the soul. IgtolkttMttjS. The Farmers “Door Yard.” “ What a nice front yard you have,” said a young fanner to a friend of ours a few days since. “You have the most beautiful flowers I have ever seen.” Part of this may have been mere com pliment, as the “door yard” in question will not compare with an ordinary suburban lawn and garden. But as it happened to be a farmer's door yard, and is not utterly ne glected, it called forth the remark we have quoted. The young man is the eldest son of one of the most successful farmers in the neigh borhood. Coming to tho “Genesee Coun try” when it was to the resident of the Eastern States as far “ West ” as Kansas is now, he cleared a farm, raised a large family and gave them an excellent educa tion. He has plenty of apples, cherries and peaches, and we are not sure that he has not what is quite rare in a farmer’s garden, a good patch of the best varieties of straw berries and raspberries. The house is de lightfully situated, with some noble decid uous trees and fine evergreens surrounding it. The young ladies are fond of flowers, and succeed pretty well with their annuals. There is a bell on the front door, a piano in the parlor, with half a dozen or so oil paint ings on the walls, the work of one of the daughters. Ten different periodicals are taken and a pleasanter country home is sel dom found. Now why should not such a farm have a well kept lawn, with a few choice shrubs, evergreens, ornamental trees, <fec. Has he not land enough ? Can he not afford it ? What would it cost ? Would not a hun dred dollars a year be a liberal estimate, even charging full price for every half hour uccupied in keeping it in order. We think fifty dollars a year would convert some of the unsightly door yards, so frequently seen in the country, into a delightful lawn. And there is positively no reason why this is not done, except that the farmer has never been in the habit of attending to such things and has no taste for them. If a man is really poor, there is some excuse for neglecting those things which do not afford an imme diate profit. But we have in all parts of the country hundreds of thousands of far mers who can afford to have a nice lawn and garden if they only desired it. Here is a farmer who has spent over SIO,OOO in erect ing a house. His “ door yard " is—well, no better than his neighbors. Perhaps he would be talked about if it was. A big house is allowable in the country, but the agricul tural Mrs. Grundy would be horrified should a farmer pay much attention to ornamental grounds. But what is the good of the big house with its neglected “ door yard ?” Does the good wife feel any happier in it ? Are the children more comfortable ? Does it afford any pleasure to the passer-by ? Would it not have been better to have spent less on the house and more on the grounds and garden ? Suppose, instead of spending SIO,OOO on the house and nothing on the grounds, he had spent $7,000 on the house and reserved the $3,000 for making and keeping up a nice lawn, planting out a few hedges, making good walks and setting out ornamental trees. Had he spent SI,OOO ou his grounds the interest on the remaining two thousand would have kept them in good order. Would not such a course have been better ? Admitting; that it does not pay, we would ask how much the extra $2,000 invested in the house pays. It not only brings in nothing, but requires more money to furnish the rooms, &c. And in case you want to sell it, who would not prefer to have had the money invested in setting out trees, &c., than in the house ? Not many months since arich gentleman in one of the Eastern Cities, wanted to buy a farm for his son. He preferred Western New York. He was willing to pay any sum from $20,000 to $60,000, if he could get such a farm and buildings as he wanted.— But he wanted everything ready to his hands—a pleasant house, good buildings, and well laid out grounds, roads, &c. We were asked where there was such a farm in this section that could be purchased; and we were obliged to confess that we did not know of any in this neighborhood that would fill the conditions. We have many farms in a good state of cultivation, many good houses, but where do you find well laid out grounds ? We are confident that there are farms where a thousand dollars spent ten years ago in judicious planting, with a hun dred dollars a year in keeping up the grounds would have added, in this case at least, from five to ten thousand dollars to the val ue of the farm. But this is not the main reason for attending to these matters. We want farmers to make pleasant homes for their children. This young mau who ad i mired a “ door yard ” kept a little better than is generally found on farms, is already anxious to leave his father and go to the city. He thinks farming nothing but hard work, and sighs for some pleasanter occu pation. We think he had better stay on the farm. A man who gets an honest liv ' ing in the city has to work just as hard a,s farmers, but he does not realize thiß, and it must be confessed that we find, even amoDg thoss in moderate circumstances, pleasant er homes in the suburbs of our cities, than in the country. This need not be. A far mer can make his home pleasant to himself and attractive to his children. Agriculture - needs intelligent young men, and especial -1 ly intelligent farmers’ sons. We must make d farming more agreeable. But this is a sub ject we cannot discuss at this time. What we now wish to urge upon our readers is the o importance of paying more attention to e their grounds around the‘house.— Genesee '* Farmer. L ■ ■ - n •iT'D) speak the truth is tho privilege of a freeman ; but to do it roundly and plain ly is hjs glory. Letter from A. Ward, Jr. Canady, Joon 24th, 1865. Onct more I stau on the Nootral Shores ova forrin land. Ef I waz on me Oth I should hev to cuss that I hev stood in vastly better places.— Bather. I kin very prop’ly say that Canady air the larst ditch for sum of theßebil leaders. It air the Assilum ov subjoogated shiv ilry & other murderers. That’s wot Ales Canady. Sanders and Tucker ar here. So’s Doc tor Blackburn. The Doctor has opend a Ole Cloze Shop in Montryall. He offers steep prices fer the carstorf Clothin ov those pussons who’s gone dejunck an died with the small pocks & Yaller fever. An I’m tole he dus a live ly biziness in this line The Doctor’s not the luvliest cuss I ever sot eyes onto.— Skurcely. There’s a site better men sarvin out a terra ov 13£ years in the States Priz on for hiway hoss stealin in.the fust degree. Ef I had bin cortin a lUvly Lass for the short period ovIO years—a lass with much 8100 eyes and a bushil ov sumbody else’s back hair, inkloodin a three-cornered bon nit—an ef I had arskt her to jine her for choon 2 mine till Mr. Deth did us part, & this sweet maid, with Hevingbeemin in her countenants and a piece ov donut in her mouth, wood unto me reply,—“No, derned ef Ido! so there, you old fool!” wharupon I wood becum water melankolly, & lose me appetite for wittles, and wish to shovel orf this morkal koil, as me frend Wm. has it— I repeet, ef all tins wood happin to the un dorsined, wot do you spose he’d do—plunge a gleemin hoss pistil to the hilt in his iu nersent Buzzim ? Nary a plunge. I woodn’t go back on meself. I’m aposed to Soozysidism as a scients. But these air what I wood do, vizly: I wood crave per mission to room with Doctor Blackburn one nite ! An ef I got up in the mornin without dis kiverin myself in Eternity—wharever those is—it wood be a Merrikle ! Sanders, he’s lofin around tho St. Law rents tavern drinking 14 sent whisky and ritin proclamashuns. I understan he occa sionally visits New York, disguised as.a barril ov soft sope. This is reliable ef troo. Sander’s morrils is low. Him and Black burn is about Ditto in those respeck. Cum to think on it tho, I guess Sandy is a few dittoester. In short, he’s fit fer treeson, strattyjims an Penny Polk. The Kernucks & other Knucks here don’t think consider able ov him. They is not hily flattered by his presents. Beverly Tucker is a sun ov ole Dan Tuck er, the anshent chap who was always late about cumin to his afternoon grub. (Vide the song books.) When Beverly was only sweet 18, ole Dan kickt him out for’tempt iu to elope with 1 ov his femail negro slaves. Arfter this Bev. went from bad to worse, an the ciimbacks waz effectooally Capt. by ole Mrs. Buckannon pinting him a forrin ministry. Air it enny wonder that he’s now sech a degraded cuss ? Wethinks I hearyou say— “ Not a wonder !” I’ve convareed with these 3 worthies.— Although Sanders is putty windy he’s ruth er chopfallen. I found him setten on the curbstun in front of the St. Lawrents. The landlord had just histed him out ov the dore ou the toe of his boot fer not settlin for his back bord. “ Wal, Sandy,” sez I, faseshusly punchin him in the back with me cane, “howair you Fixt? “ O, tol-lol,” sez he. “ How’s your yoor Confederacy ?” I que ried agin. “O, so so. Things look a little bloo at present, but it’s all for the best. Rich mon was ov no importance to us. The sur render of Lee and Johnson was antycipa ted from the fust. The back ov the Rebel yun ar not bruk much in Canady. We can show our rele strength. The capter ov our Christiu President was ablessin in disgise. “ 2 troo,” sez I, “ but the Blessin wasn’t disguised enuffly. It, he, or she was cloth ed in too much boots and spurs and not enuff crinnerline an waterfalls. Isn’t that so, Sandy?” givin him another punch. He aricst me ef I wouldn’t loan him a clean shirt. * Ov corse I generishly refoosed. “Im expectin another remitance ova few thousand dollars from me frend B. Wood. I owe me washerwoman 30 dolls., but I in tend to go back on her. I havn’t had me bitters since three hours ago. Carn’t you lend a feller a V ?” “ Nary aY. I never guv ade and com fort to the Rebelyun, an don’t thing I shall at these late day. Not ef I know it.” Those was my answer. I left Sanders and called on Dr. Black burn. “ Hello Blacky!” was my corjul greetin as I entered his little shop—“how’s the 2nd handed clothin bisness ?” “ Tip top,” sez he. “Trade is very thri vin. With an occashunal thouson from ' Mr. Wood, I alius hav a lot of spondoolicks on hand. Five families died with the small Pobks this mornin, and already thare Close is packt in a trunk an on the road 2 New York. & I have engaged the bed clothin of seven families who air expected to di with the yaller fever to-morro. Yes, biz ness is glorious J” An the speckled cuss gleefully rubbed his hands, as tho he waz engagd in as honora ble a vocashun as sheep stealin. I felt mad enuff to go behind him an kick him. Ever thine, A Ward, Jr. A Dark Gloomy Bridal. We have heard pf some scenes, but rare ly encountered anything so utterly deficient in sunshine and whitewash as the following. It reads like a yard of crape : Gloom was on her countenance and upon his. The man whose holy office it was to unite them in bonds, never to bp torn asun der stood like an executor before the bride and bridegroom, and they—the pair waiting to be blessed—bent down their heads like criminals before him. In vain might the eye wander about the assembly in search of sunshine upon a single countenance ; all was dreary black—and assistance as well as attendants -at the ceremony, were alike shrouded in one dark, overshadowing pall of rayloss gloom.r- Ah 1 joyful should ever be the linking of young hearts togeth er ; and terrible must be the feelings of those around whom the shadows of fate are gathering, even at the threshold, which should blaze in all their gorgeous coloring of hope and promise. Yet the same sombre shade, the same gloom of hue, the depth of darkness, was seated upon every feature. No sudden blushing of the rose no swift succeeding lily, no fitful changes telling of youthful passion, and warm bright hope, were seen on that bride’s cheek, but one unwavering shade of funeral possessed the r preacher—in fact they were all possessed, i Reader they were intelligent contrabands. i fiTA travelling tinker was one day ex • patiating rather largely in the bar-room of ; a country tavern, upon bis skill in supply i ing all kind of damaged drinking vessels > with handles, warranted to make them far j more durable than the original appendages ; when he was suddenly nonplussed by a word from an old soldier, who poking his f scarred and noseless physiognemy over the - counter, bluntly inquired :—“What would it coßt to put a new handle on my mug ? Occupation of Women in England. “ But it must be granted, that, if the em -3 ployments to which American women are compelled to resort are often severe, and 3 less remunerative than they ought to be, ■ they are by no means so unsuited to the sex as some which women are forced into in r other countries. Only a few years ago many . thousands of females were working under ■ ground in the English coal-mines. When ) laws were enacted to abolish this unsuita ble employment, they still continued to work ■ at the mouth of the mine, and are thus em ployed at this moment. They labor in the coke-works and coal-pits ; they receive the * ores at the pit’s mouth, aud dress and sort i them. i “So far exceeding masculine strength ■ and endurance are the tasks imposed on ; thousands of English dairy-women, that ■ they constitute a special class of patients with the medical faculty,—pining and per ishing under maladies arising entirely from . over-fatigue and insufficient rest. “There are multitudes of women in Liv erpool who work daily on the farms around i that city. They walk four or five miles to the scene of their toil, where they are re quired to be by six in the summer mouths and seven in the winter. They work all day at the severest agricultural labor, wield ing a heavy, clumsy hoe, digging potatoes, grubbing up stones from the soil, stooping on the ground in weeding, and compelled even to the unfeminine and offensive em ' ployment of spreading manure. For a day’s work at what men alone should be required to do, they receive but a shilling ! Then, worn out with fatigue, having eaten little more than tho crust they brought with them —for what more can be afforded by one who earns only a shilling a day ?—they drag themselves back at nightfall over the in creasingly weary miles which they traversed in the morning. What comforts can fall to the lot of such ? What a domestic life must such unhappy creatures lead ! “ There are yet others, in that land which boasts of its high civilization, who live by carrying to the city immense loads of sand for sixpence a day,—harder work than car rying a hod. Other women may be daily seen collecting fresh manure along the streets and docks of Liverpool. “In certain rooms of the great English cotton-mills, the high temperature main tained there often compels the women to work in a half-naked condition. This con stant exposure of one half the body speed ily destroys all feminine modesty. Added to this is an extreme, but unavoidable, filth iness of person. These poor creatures part with their health almost as quickly as with their modesty. They become hollow-cheek ed and pale, while their coarse laugh and gestures indicate a deep demoralization.”— Needle and Garden in Atlantic Monthly. Vegetable Instincts. A tree which is fond ofwater, when plant ed near some brook will set off all its prin cipal roots in that direction. How does it know the water to be there ? And how does it know that it will be able to reach the border of it ? To say, in popular phrase, that the water attracts the roots in that di rection, is to invent a new and very remark able sort of attraction that pulls at roots in fhe ground, and turns them out at the point of starting—is a something created to account for the fact in question, which is even more difficult than the fact itself. Mr. Madison, for example, had an aqueduct of logs, which, in reaching, his house, pass ed by a tree especially fond of water, at a considerable distance from it. Abreast of the tree there was an auger hole in the log that had been filled with a plug of soft wood. Exactly thitherward the tree sent off a long stretch of roots, which forced their way through the plug, choking up the passage, and were found there drinking like so many thirsty animals. Was it then the soft wood plug that attracted these roots ? It certainly should be, on the at traction principal; the water was just as near at other points as here. It is said that a strawberry planted in sand, with good earth a little way off, will turn its runners all in the latter direction, and if the good earth is too far off to be reached, the plant will make no effort on that side more than on the other—which is equivnlent to the saying that the plant has, in its life-principle, an instinct of measure ment. It does not measure the ground and then itself, and then compare the two ; but it has an adaptive power by which, without comparison, it graduates its action by its possibilities. Notes on Overwork. Unwise above many is the man who con siders every hour lost which is not spent in reading, writing, or in study, and not more rational is she who thinks every moment of her time lost which does not find her sewing. We once heard a man advise that a book of some kind be carried in the pock et, to be used in case of an unoccupied mo ment—such was his practice. He died ear ly and fatuous. There are women who, af ter a hard day’s work, will sit and sew by candle or gaslight until their eyes are al most blinded, or until certain pains about the shoulders come on, which are almost insupportable, and are only driven to bed by physical incapacity to work any longer. The sleep of the overworked, like that of those who do not work at all, is unsatisfy ing and unrefreshing, and both alike wake up in weariness, sadness, and laguor, with an inevitable result, both dying premature ly. Let no one work in pain or weariness. When a man is tired, he ought to lie down until he is fully rested, when, with renova ted strength, the work will be better done done the sooner, and done with a self-sus tained alacrity. The time taken from sev en or eight hours’ sleep out of each twen ty-four is time not gained, but time much more than lost; we can cheat ourselveß, but we can not cheat nature. A certain amount of food is necessary to a healthy body, but if less than that amount be fur nished, decay commences the very hour.— It is the same' with sleep ; any one who persists in allowing himself less than Na ture requires will only hasten his arrival at the mad-house or the grave. Government Farms in Maryland, The lands taken possession of by the Government as farms for the freedmen in St. Mary’s county, in this State, constitute some thirty thousand acres, on the Patux ent, which belonged to Col. Sothoron and Joseph Forrest. They are tilled by some seven or eight hundred freedmen, in Gov ernment employ—the whole under charge of Lieut E. F. O’Brieu, as superintendent for the bureau of refugees, freedmen and 1 abandoned lands. Twenty-two hundred acres of rich land are now under cultiva ■ tion, mostly in corn and tobacco, and the 1 crops promise well. The field-hand receives f $lO per month, while the “gangsman,” a i colored man at the head of 25 or 30 others, * gets sls. The dependents, or those who * 1 are unable to perform any labor, receive * their rations and clothing, the children be * ing sent to Bcbool to a teacher engaged for the purpose. Delinquencies in labor are - punished by deductions from wages, and f strict discipline is enforced. 3 Honors to Lincoln. —The Argentine r Republic of Sonth America, through its ; National Congress, has ordered the em a ployees of the Government to wear mourn s ing for three days in honor of Mr. Lin o coin, and the Legislature of Buenos Ayres i had concluded to call the next town to be ” founded, Lincoln. NO. 33. Rules for Home Education. I. From your children’s earliest infancy i inculcate the necessity of instant obedience. 1 2. Unite firmness with gentleness. Let your children always understand that you : mean exactly what you say. 3. Never promise anything unless you are sare you can give them what you prom ise. 4. Ifyou tell a child to do anything, show him bow to do it, and see that it is done. 5. Always punish your children for wil fully disobeying yon, but never punish in anger. 6. Never let them perceive that they can vex you or make you lose your self command. 7. If they give way to petulance and tem per, wait till they are calm, and then gent ly reason with them on the impropriety of their conduct. 8. Remember that a little present pun ishment, when the occasion arises, is much more effectual than the threatening of a greater punishment should the fault be re newed. 9. Never give your children anything because they cry for it. 10. On no account allow them to do at one time what you have forbidden, under any circumstances, at another. 11. Teach them that the only sure and easy way to appear good is to be good. 12. Accustom them to make their little recitals the perfect truth. 13. Never allow of tale-bearing. 14. Teach them that self-denial, not self indulgence, is the appointed and sure meth od of securing happiness. Large Incomes. —Among our wealthiest citizens are Mayor Swann, with an income rising half a million ; John W. Garrett, $82,000; H. S. Garrett, $79,000; Thomas C. Jenkins, $70,000; Enoch Pratt, $54,000; Mrs. Paterson, $25,000; estate of Wm. Mc- Donald, rising $100,000; Samuel Appold, $50,000; H. Woods, Jr., $50,000; 0. K. Cameron, $44,000; A; S. Abell, $27,000; E. A. Clabaugh, $32,000; Wm. E. Wood year, $23,000; Wm. Schley, $20,000; Johns Hopkins, $20t),000; W. H. Baldwin, $50,- 000; G. W. Gail, $54,000; Christian Ax, $29,000; W. J. Albert, $500,000; R. H. Hawley, $40,000 and many others with in comes ranging from SIO,OOO to $25,000, and $40,000. A statement of internal, revenue returns r eceived on account of annual assessment for the year 1864, by S. D. McGonkey, As sistant Assessor for tho Fourth division, Third district, included iu the Eleventh ward Baltimore city, shows: Whole number of returns received 1,100 No. incomes returned from $5,000 to $20,000 15S “ “ $20,000 to $40,000 39 “ “ $40,000 to $60,000 9 “ “ $60,000 to SBO,OOO 8 “ “ SBO,OOO to SIOO,OOO 2 One return received of $108,267 being the largest in the Division. Silver ware returned to the amount of 76,174 ounces Troy; largest return of silver ware by one person, 1,994 ounces Troy; number of gold watches returned, 1,196. Whole amount of taxes due the United States, as per. above assessments, $374,430,52, a very large in crease over previous year’s returns. The above doe 3 not include licenses.— Balto. Gazette. How to Succeed in Businf^s. —Ricarrd’s rules were : 1. Cut short your losses. 2. Let your pofits run on. In order to do this, one must have experience—and to avoid a too costly experience, begin small. Feel your way. Bonaparte when in Egypt he and many of his officers were riding out in a dark evening on the sea beach, where it was very wide. Suddenly the tide came in rapidly, and the water grew every moment deeper where their horses stood ; they could not see which way was dry land, they be came alarmed and bewildered, and destruc tion threatened them. Boneparte seemed never to fail for an expedition. He order ed all to form a circle with horses’ heads outward. They did so. He now ordered all to ride ahead; if any found the water growing deeper, they were] to turn about; if any one found it growing shallower, they were to ride on and all the rest to follow. This brought them to dry land. It is so with business. Proceed cautiously in differ ent directions; if failure results wheel about; if success attends go ahead. This is the way to carry out Ricard’s rules, “Cut short your losses —let your profits run on.” The Future of Georgia. —A private let ter received in this city from a gentleman in Savannah says he is strongly of opinion that a few years will disclose a wonderful rnd profitable change in the condition, both temporal and spiritual, of that part ot the country. Georgia resources are but beginning to be developed; not the three hundredth part of her soil has been tilled. She has the finest yellow pine timber in the country. Her mineral wealth is hardly touched. Iron and bituninous coal abound; copper, lead and silver and gold are found. War has done much towards breaking np the supineness of a large portion of her people. Good farming can take from two to three crops off the same land the same season, with less labor than it costa to pro duce one in the North. Land is bought at from $5 to $25 per acre, and large tracts at lower prices. White marble of fine qual ity is abundant; slate equal to that of Wales. Many of Sherman’s army while in Georgia, expressed a determination to re turn and settle in it. Franklin Asking for Work. —When a youth, Franklin went to London, entered a printing office, and inquired if he could get employment. “Where are you from ?” asked tho fore man. “America,” was the reply. “Ah,” said the foreman, “from Amorica! A lad from America seeking employment as a printer! Well do you really under stand the art of printing ? Can you set type ?” Franklin stepped up to one of the cases, and in a very brief space of time set up the following passage from the first chapter of John : “Nathaniel saith unto him, can any good thing come out of Nazareth ? Philip saith uuto him, come aud see.” It was done so quickly, so accurately, and contained a delicate reproof so appro priate and powerful, that it at once gave him character and standing with all in the office. A Good One.— The following is reported os having happened in Bristol county: A witty clergyman, accosted by an old acquaintance of the name of Cobb, replied ; “I don’t know you sir.” “My name is Cobb,” rejoined the man, who was about half seas over. “Ah, sir,’’ replied the clergyman, “you have so much of tho corn on you that I did not see tho cob.” i mtw An Affectionate Husband. —There is an undertaker in Newborn who is also an I embalmer, and when his wife died he exer cised his art upsn her remaius in his best style, and now keeps her in his room to ex i hibit as a specimen of his art, tapping her 3 upon the fore-head to show its firmness, . aud saying, “This is all there is of my poor . Betsy.” s <g“lle who admits that he has a secret to 5 keep has by so doing revealed one half of it, and the other will soon follow.