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gpto. Co. Union.
'"TowaoMToww, me>7 ~; 'ifmmm f I HHk, . J yi* ff ~ i| An dry ' THE SHIP UNION. The good ship Union's voyage is o’er, At anchor safe she swings, And loud and clear with cheer on cheer Her joyous welcome rings: Hhrrah ! Hurrah I it shakes the wave, It thunders on the shore,— One flag, one land, one heart, one hand, One Nation evermore 1 SATURDAY, AUGUST 19,18657 L. M. HAVERSTICK,) H. C. LONGNECKER, \ Editors. J. B. LONGNECKER, J To Advertisers. The Season is now here for the opening of the Fall trade. Tho Harvests have been Abundant and the growing crops promise a rich return to the husbandman. Country people are in a con dition to buy, and will want an unusually heavy supply of goods of every description, the coming Fall. Many have been stinting themselves and holding back for the close of the war. They will now make liberal purchases. We call the attention of Dealers in Fertilizers, Agricultural Implements, Dry Goods, Groceries, wearing ap parel—in fact, every thing that Country people may want, to this fact. To secure a fair share of the trade, you must Advertise. To those who are disposed to do so we offer the " Balto. Co. Union,” confident, that from its large circula tion and the character of its readers, no more advantageous medium can be found in the State. Taxing Government Stocks. When the law authorizing the several National Loans was adopted by Congress, it was specially provided that all such stocks should be exempt from local taxation. This exemption was declared as an inducement to people to invest in the Gov ernment Loan, and was equivalent to offering a higher rate of interest. In the dark days of the war, when rebellion seemed to prevail and pub lic confidence Wits unsteady, it required something more than the promptings of patriotic duty to assure the government of proper support. It needed men and money. For the former high Bounties wereoffered, for the latter a good rate of interest with exemption from local taxation. Now that the circumstances which made this course necessary, have passed, Copperheads and opponents of the Administration'generally, are beginning to clamor for the taxing of Govern ment bonds the same as any other stocks. They deny, the right of Congress to pass a law exempt ing these bonds from local taxation, and claim that States, counties and cities, may assess Nation al stocks tho same as any other, in spite of the law of Congress. It is what we might have ex pected from this class. Disappointed in the re snlt of the war, they lose no opportunity to em barrass the government and stigmatize the means that were used for its preservation. The man who loaned his money to the Government in its time of need, whether it were much or little, de serves credit therefor. It was the performance of a patriotic duty, similar to that of the volun teer when he shouldered his gun and fell into line with the army of the Union. And if it was right to hold out some inducement to the latter, in the way of a Bounty, it was equally right to do the same thing to the former, in the way of a Pre mium. But Government stocks are exempt only from State and local taxation. They pay Internal Rev enue the same as income from any other source. And the fact that Government bond holders are not confined to the wealthier classes, but are evenly distributed throughout society, rich and poor, high and low, will always prevent the bur dens of State and local gojernment from bearing unjustly on the laboring classes. It were as wise for our Copperhead friends to oppose the paying of a Bounty tax, as to oppose this premium on government bonds. Both were ordered for the same object; both were necessary to secure the same result. “ United We stand—divided we fall.” The last of the distracting issues in which the Union people of Maryland were specially inter ested, has been disposed of by the appointment of the Federal officers for the State. Whatever disappointments may have been cansed, it be comes all good Union men to acqniesce in the action of the authorities, and laying aside all personal feelings, unite in strengthening and solidifying the Union organization of the State. With the close of the war and the restoration of National authority, there is no longer that strong bond of common interest to hold the loyal peo ple together. The great objects of the Union or ganization in the State being accomplished, pea pie are apt to grow negligent and to fall back into old ideas and bygone customs. The unsel fish loyalty of the past four year 3 is apt to give way for the old scramble for office and the use of the old party machinery. Let us raise our uni ted efforts against such a result. It is a mistake to suppose that treason has been totally crushed in the hearts of rebels. The snake has been scotched, not killed. And there arc elements of opposition to-day throughout this county and State, strong and vigorous even in their over throw, which only need the opportunity to arise and assert their strength. The least evidence of dissension, the slightest indication of disaffec tion among Union men, will strengthen and en courage the opposition and invite a new contest between the friends and enemies of the govern ment. Let us strive to avoid this. Through the labor of the Union people a new policy has been inau gurated in this State. This policy, so entirely in accordance with the progressive spirit of the age, must be fostered and protected by its au thors. Immigration must be encouraged, agri culture improvod, Schools built up, commerco enlarged. To accomplish these and many other laudable objects, we must continue to work to gether, shoulder to shoulder, even to the sacrifice of our personal hopes and feelings. In the coming Primary meetings of our county especially let there be harmony, and good feeling. A little mutual concession, a little yielding on all sides, an equable division of the honors and emoluments, an earnest desire to bring the best men before the people, and the result will be attained. Remember the motto—“ United we stand — divided we fall.” The Reception on the 12th proximo. We are pleased to learn that the returned sol diers of “the upper end,” are making arrange ments to attend the Reception at Towsontown, in a body. Their example should be followed all over the County. The Union people also, both young and old, are manifesting consider able interest in the matter, we arc informed.— Let them ull contribute a little of their abundant means to this praise worthy object, and make it a |oint to be present on that day with their wives and children. Those who were appointed to collect money throughout the county, are re quested to report how mnch they have raised, to Jno. M. Wheeler, Treasurer, at Towsontown. i Death op a Maryland Judge.— The Hou. Jus. Smith, Judge of the Circuit Court of Allegany county, died very suddenly near Cumberland < on Monday last. He was riding on horseback, < when be fell from bis horse. He had been suffer- ’ ing from disease of the heart, and to this is at- i ’ tribnted his sadden demise. He was an old citi- I zen of Allegany county, a man of fine legal at 1 Uinments, and was distinguished for his fidelity ( \o tb* Union. I To York and Back. It is good for a man occasionally to strike out of the little eddy of his every-day associations, and mingle in the current of humanity that fiows around him. At this day, no man’s education can be called complete who has not travelled some. And it is surprising how little wc often know of places and people, customs and business but a few miles from home, and how much we may learn by just taking a peep beyoud the hor izon of our own little sphere. For instance, we didn’t know until.the oilier day,’that the borough of “little York,” in the adjoining county of our sister State on the North, was so large and beau tiful a town. It has near 12,000 inhabitants, with a number of fine churches, elegant mansions, and several large aud nourishing machine shops and factories. The Court House, Jail and Alms house are also fine buildings and a credit to the county. York has five weekly newspapers in the Eng lish language and one in the German, of which the True Democrat , published by Hiram Young, takes the lead. There are also three weekly pa pers issued in Hanover, making nine newspapers supported by the county,—a fact which speaks well for its general intelligence, in spite of Co dorus township, where the School master is said to be never at home and Copperheads are indige nous to the soil. The new National Hotel, under the skillful management of Mrs. West and her untiring and gentlemanly assistant, Mr. D. W. Pearch, is already doing a large business and is daily growing in popular favor. The great event of the past week, in that sec tion, was the Camp Meeting near New Freedom. It was held in a fine grove belonging to Mr. Raymond of Baltimore. There is no running water on the Camp ground, but a number of wells were sunk and pumps put in them, which abun dantly supplied the demands of the large crowds that were in attendance. In the size and number of the tents, in the order of their arrangement and the general management of the camp, it ful ly came up to the great Shrewsbury Camp Meet ings of the olden time. The weather was favor able, and large numbers of people from Balti more, York and the surrounding country, were daily in attendance. On Sunday the large ground was literally swarming with people and convey ances of every description, though the Railroad Company yielded to the request of the managers of the camp and ran no special trains on that day, so that many were compelled to stay at home who else would have been there. Win. H. Hoffman, Esq., Rev. Samuel Kramer, Win. 11. Curry and others from the upper end of the county had tents on the ground. There is something solemn and impressive in religious worship conducted in “the groves,— God’s first temples.” It is especially so at night when the large enclosure is lit up with blazing pine-wood fires, and the preacher delivers his solemn warning, and the songs of praise from a thousand tongues, swell and rise through the trembling foliage. It takesone back to the lime, “ Ere man learned To hew the shaft and lay the architrave, And spread tlie roof above them—ere he framed The lofty vault, to gather and foil back The sounds of anthems, in the darkling wood, Amidst the cool and silence he kneljt down And offered to the Mightiest, solemn thanks And supplication.” Although the Camp is not laid out according to the Army Regulations, the snowy tents re mind one somewhat of a military encampment. It has its sanitary and police regulations. There are regular hours for “Reveille,” “Tattoo,” and the various religious exercises each day, all an nounced by the sonnding of a born, or bugle. Then it has a “commanding officer” in the Pre siding elder, an “officer of the Day," who sees that proper order is preserved in the camp, and special officers in the Preachers, whose doty it is, at stated hours, to marshal the assembled host, drill them in the discipline of morality, and teach them the tactics necessary to a successful warfare against our common adversary—the Devil. We arc all soldiers. We all have our battles to fight and victories to win, if we would come home conquerors at the end of life’s cam paign. The double track of the N. C. Railway is now in use to a point above Hanover Junction. On the incompMed portions between Baltimore and York, a heavy force is at work, giving assurance of the early completion of the entire line. The ballasting is being done in the best style, the bridges are being put up of the most substantial materials, and the rolling stock of the company is in fine order. This road, is one of the best and most important internal lines in the country p Connecting the head waters of the Susquehanna with the Chesapeake, it is daily pouring into our commercial metropolis, Baltimore, the vast min eral and agricultural treasures of the region through which it passes, to say nothing of its great convenience to the travelling public. To show how valuable it is to Baltimore Co., we need but notice the evidence of prosperity along the line of the road. Mills and factories arc springing up, agriculture is improving, better buildings are being erected and new sources of wealth being laid open. Perhaps the most at tractive station along the road is Bee Tree. In a most romantic spot, the proprietor has added to its natural beauty, all the adornments which good taste conld suggest. Passengers never fail to no tice the fountain, the handsome cottage and the grassy yard, filled with flowers. At Parkton, the Railroad Company, has put np a new turn-table, aud we presume a new en gine house will be erected. This is an important station. All trains stop here for wood and water. The neat and tasteful appearance of the village of Monkton, and the beauty of the surrounding scenery, are also objects of note to passing trav ellers. The proprietors of the Phoenix Factory are al ready at work putting the works in running or der. The head race is being cleaned out and the machinery prepared for an early resumption of work. Lutherrille attracts notice by its elegant resi dences, its wide avenues and the imposing though somewhat gloomy appearance of the Seminary. A fine dwelling has 1 een erected in the Seminary grounds for the residence-of the Principal, Rev. B. Sad tier. We were informed by this gentleman that the Seminary will be filled to its utmost ca pacity the coming session, a fact which speaks well for the efficiency of its present management. Other places along the line of the Railroad de serve special notice, but we must reserve them for a future article. The Crops. The Richmond Times of Saturday says that it "has pleased God to bless the Southern States with the most abundant and wonderful crop of corn ever known, and we are, therefore, saved from all the danger of famine and suffering for want of food. No contingecy of drought, hail or storm can now injure that great Southern crop for man or beast.” The same good news comes to us from all parts of the country. Everywhere the promise for a heavy yield of corn is most cheering, while the weather continues favorable for its full de velopment and ripening. So far as our own ob servation has extended through Baltimore coun ty, the crop will be much above the average.— Thus with the close of the war come the sub stantial blessings of peace. And it is another mark of that Divine Providence which brought the nation safely through the war, that now He is crowning our fields with rich harvests and dri ving famine and want from our doors. Heavy Incomes. —The following are the in comes returned by some of the wealthier citizens of our District and County. Jas. Boyce $16,803; Thos. Cassard $27,662; Jas. A. Edmondson $13,400; Jas. I. Fisher $26,645 ; H. N. Gam brill $84,986 ; Johns Hopkins $252,887; Jas. E. Hooper $14,808 ; E. L. Parker $65,937 ; Jno. E. Owens $14,785 •H. C, Turnbull $18,202; Chas. H. Quinlin $35,636, General Jail Delivery. Our citizens were no little shocked, though not much surprised, ou Saturday morning last, to learn that the prisoners confined in the Co. Jail, bad deliberately dug a hole through the wall, and six of the eight in confinement had made their escape iu broad daylight. The names of the fu gitives are, Jos. Storms, Benj. Craft, Chas. Ben ner, Jos. Reisinger, Henry McGill aud Wm. Hol liday. The three former were awaiting trial for the robbery of Mr. Worthington, some mouths since; Reisinger was accused of stealing a watch while McGill and Holliday, both colored, were charged with theft and barn burning. They made their escape through a hole in the wall of a cell on the first or ground floor, aud when once out side, there was little difficulty in getting away. The opening was made in Holliday’s cell with an iron bar which was thrown iu to him from the outside or which he picked up somewhere in the bnilding. Every morning, Wiley Hunt, the war den, unlocks the cell doors to give the prisoners an opportunity to sweep their rooms. This ad mits them all to the central part of the building. After doing this lie went away from the jail, leav ing it in charge of his family, and it was then that the prisoners left. It is probable that the opening was made during the night. The two who remained did so of their own accord, not caring to leave the premises. Information was promptly given to the Police authorities of Bal timore, and Mr. Wiley Hunt started out on a search. It is said they were seen on the West minster turnpike, but up to this time none have been caught. It is hut a short time since the same parties forced an opening through the crumbling wall, and were just on the point of leaving, when in formation of the design was given by a fellow prisoner. A few months previous, a negro, the i only prisoner iu confinement, dug himself out, • leaving the Jail without an occupant. The fre quent recurrence of these events gives occasion . for some reflections on the condition of the . County Jail and tlie officers whose duty it is to . protect the public from criminals in confinement. . Whether the late exodus is owing to any > negligence on the part of the officers, wc leave I our Readers to judge. But if auy one doubts . the total unfitness of the Jail for the purposes for | which it was designal, let hiui visit the building , and see for himseffiy The wall is built of the rot ten stone peculiar to this neighborhood, so soft i it may be picked with a pen knife or crushed under foot. The pieces are small and irregular, | loosely stuck together with crumbling mortar, i A man with a good iron bar can work through anywhere in an hour. There are four prisoners in confinement now, and Sheriff Thompson in formed us, that to secure them properly, he was t compelled to borrow four pad locks. The locks ; on the Jail doors are totally unfit for the pur s pose. Sometime ago, the Sheriff petitioned the i County Commissioners to buy a dozen good pad * locks for the use of the Jail, but they declined to incur the expense. He lias now ordered the locks at his own cost. The iron railing around the landings on the inside is broken and totter ing in several places, and is really unsafe for prisoners and officers. Should it give way while any one is leaning against it, a precipitation to the brick floor below, would be tho inevitable result. On the lower floor and in the lower tier.of cells, there is an air of foul dampness which would he certain death to any one compelled to breathe it fora short time. The stove is a miserable af ! fair and utterly incapable of heating the building. Once outside the building, the escaping prisoner has his choice of leaping over the board fence with the rail 3 on the inside to furnish him with steps, or of creeping under neath where the water has washed away the loose dirt. In short, the whole establishment is the most shamefully miserable affair that can well be im agined, totally unfit for its purpose, an outrage on the safety of the public. Several times the Grand Juries have called attention to the con dition of the Jail, and the necessity for repairs. We know of nothing but gunpowder that can do it justice. As it is, we would fear to stay inside of it during a storm, lest it might crumble and fall over our heads. Jails are instituted for the, protection of society against criminals ; but is it not a miserable farce to confine men in a building, whence they may escape at pleasure, to repeat their crimes on the community ? Let us have a safe Jail, or let us stop burden ing the county with the expense of trying and 1 convicting criminals. t Terrible Disaster on Lake Huron. , At about 8J o’clock on Wednesday evening ■ 9th instant, two steam propellers, named the ' Meteor and the Pewabic, ran into each other on ■ Lake Huron, when the latter was sunk in three 1 or four minutes. The boats were about 8 miles 1 from shore and were running at the rate of 12 miles an hour. Both were filled with passengers, and from 75 to 100 of those on the sinking ves sel were suddenly sent to a watery grave. The 1 Meteor was bnt little damaged, and stayed near the wreck to pick up such passengers as had r managed to get on pieces of the sunken vessel. The passengers of the ill-fated vessel had a very 1 merry time of it, and, it is said, were just get ’ ting ready to have a dance when the boats struck. First Maryland Cavalry. This veteran regiment, commanded by Col. A. W. Evans, was paid off and discharged at Camp Bradford, during the week. It was organized in August, 1861, and did hard and valuable scr , vice during the entire war. It fought under Gen erals Banks, Sigel, Pope, Stoneman, Kautz, Wil son and Sheridan. Through recruits received at different times, it is estimated that 2,000 men have served in its ranks. At discharge it num bered 21 officers and 450 men. Col. Evans, its late commander, is a graduate of West Pofnt, holds a commission in the regular army, and is a brave and skillful officer. This was the last Maryland regiment in the service. National Teachers’ Convention.— This body assembled at Harrisburg, Pa., on the 16th, about 500 delegates being present. Governors Curtin and Bradford, General Geary and other promi nent gentlemen were present and delivered ad dresses. The Soldier’s Graveyard..— The friends of the slain heroes who lie buried in this place, will be gratified to learn that the last resting place of their loved ones is still watched over and kept beautiful by the kindbearted ladies of Middletown. Sever al of the ladies by whose praiseworthy ex ertions the soldier’s burying-ground was enclosed with a substantial fence a year or two ago, are now collecting funds for the purpose of rewhitewashing the fence, clean ing out the grounds, fixing up the graves, and placing new headboards to the graves of those needing them. —Middletown Reg ister. Florida. —Governor Marvin, of Florida, addressed his fellow-citizens at Jacksonville on the 2d instant. lie informed them as to the plan of the President for the purpose of reconstruction, giving his views on eman cipation, confiscation and other topics he deemed mo9t essential to the welfare of the people. “Slavery,” says the Governor, “has ceased to exist. With the full of the Confederacy its corner-stone crumbled to dust and the winds have scattered it.” Af ter some advice to the frCedmen, the Gov ernor closed his address with an appeal to all to cheerfully accept the new order of hings. The Trial op Jeff Davis. —A dispatch to tho Chicago Times, from Cincinnati, says : The lion. George E. Pugh has received an intimation that the trial of Jeff Davis will soon take place in a civil court and he has commenced preparations for the de fense, which promises to eclipse, in crimi nal proceedings, any defense ever known in this or the old country. Mr. Pugh will j join Mr. O'Conor, of New York in Wash- i ington in a few days, i spool Jpfawo. following Property, advertised in this paper, will be sold as stated below : AT PRIVATE SALE. Valuable Farm of 97 acres, with good country Mill, and ouUbuildings, on Western Run. Jno. Scott. The "Bacon Hall Farm,” 476 acres, on tlie York Turnpike, 3 miles from Monkton station, N. C. R. W., with stone dwelling and Barn. Jno. Philpot, Jno. T. Eusor, Trustees. Farm of 350 acres, 9 miles from Baltimore; farm of 100 acres Limestone land near Warren ; farm of 55 acres, 4 miles east of Towsontown, with several smaller tracts, by B. N. l’aync, Towsontown. Farm of 71 acres on “My Ladies Manor, 20 miles from Baltimore, 3$ from Monkton N. O. R. R. with the uecessary improvements. Joseph Parsons. A very valuable Farm, at the head of Dula ney’s Valley, 14 miles from the city, containing 312 acres, part in wood, with two tenant houses, fine barn and orchard. Hinkley & Morris, 43 Charles St. Balto* AT PUBLIC SALE. On the York Road near Cold Spring, on Tues day, August 29th, a beautiful country seat of 15 acres, with a two-story frame house thereon. — G. 11. Williams, Atty. . On Friday, September Ist, "Cable’s Habita tion,” a farm of 50 acres near Black Rock, well watered and fenced and in good cultivation, with medium improvements. G. K. Ensot, Ex. At the Relay House, Washington Junction, Saturday September 2d, a fine country seat of 36J acres, the former residence of Vivian Brent, Esq., with a handsome cottage and outbuildings thereon. Thos. Donaldson, Trustee. Four hundred acres of La nd on "My Lady’s Manor,” 18 miles from Baltimore, well watered and timbered, good buildings, with Limestone adjacent. P. H. Rutledge, Belair. PERSONAL PROPERTY. Large sale of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Hogs, and agricultural implements of every description, on Friday, September Ist. Geo. K. Ensor, Executor. Things about Town.— The Telegraph poles have been put up. They are good, heavy chest nut saplings, and stand closer than on any line we remember to haveseen. Going down the Railroad in one of the four-horse fast "Ex press” trains, the line of Telegruph poles, looks like a fine-tooth comb. The wire has not yet been put on, hut when it is, look out for theelec- A wandering Band of Minstrels, "Sanford s Original Troupe,” of course. , ornamented the fences and stables of our town last week, with showy posters and striking portraits, informing the people that "one of their grand entertain ments” would be given in the Odd Fellow’s Hall on Friday evening. The Kuiglits of the “burnt cork” lmd rather a slim audience, and probably left town deeply grieving the want of appreciation for their festive art, shown by the Towsoutonians. Mr. Julius Rudiger, a worthy and industrious 1 shoemaker of our town, has leased a lot from ! Suiedley & Co., near Sheridan’s Smith shop, and ■ has already excavated a cellar preparatory to , erecting a dwelling thereon. Dr. Piper’s dwelling is finished and workmen ' are engaged putting up his stable. The slaters have stopped work on the Court Ilouee roof for the present, but will complete the L job at an early day. Most of the lawyer's have returned from their ' usual Summer frolic, and are once more ready ■ to "take in” any stray client who may be so un fortunate as to fall in their way. About the Court House, busiuess is being put in readiness for the assembling of the August terra, which takes place on Monday next a week, i The Sheriff has summoned the juries and the , Clerk is preparipg the trial docket. If the pris oners who left town so unceremoniously a week ! ago, return from their little excursion in time, P we presume the coming term will have consider l able business to dispose of. , Chris Shaw still keeps a lively family around him at the "Smedley House,” especially on ' Thursday evenings, when the weekly "hop” . comes off. Jno. T. Fnsor, Esq., State’s Atty., who has been suffering with an attack of the Typhoid, lias ! recovered sufficiently to attend to business and is rapidlj' regaining his former strength. Travel is brisk on the Rail Road in spite of the high rates of fare, and the Turnpike is crowded with market wagons, in spite of the exorbitant tolls and numerous gates. The proposed county road to connect Towson town with Chas. St. Avenue, will undoubtedly be opened at an early day, as we hear no objec tion at all made to it. In the Union office nothing of any interest has occurred during the week, except that several , new subscribers came in, and serorlti old ones paid off their back scores, evidently dropping into our office under the impression that they were stepping into Ady’s Hotel across the street. Agency. —Mr. Oliver Wood, has estat? lished an agency at No. G$ Second street, Balti more, for supplying Farmers with reliable white t and colored laborers. This is a most excellent arrangement, valuable to the honest laboring man seeking employment, and valuable to the Farmer in need of help. Colored freedmen are brought from Richmond, Alexandria and other cities, and at a small cost are supplied with re munerative employment. The importance of Mr. Wood’s business, and the service he is rendering to farmers, may he judged from the fact that he ‘ has already supplied over 700 workmen to vari ! ous parts of the State, lie does a fair and open business, making a contract between employer > and employee so that none can be deceived. Far . mers in need of laborers will do well to call on him. Robbery in Towsontown. —On Tuesday night last, Mr. Geo. Stieber, shoemaker, of this place, had an unwelcome customer in the person of n 1 thief, who gained admittance to his shop, and after supplying himself with about S6O worth of boot? and 'Shoes, left the premises without paying bis The thief affected an entrance by cut ting two slats out of the shutter, and thus reach ing the holt, he had little difficulty in opening the window and getting inside. An employee of Mr. Stieber was sleeping over the shop, and was awake several times during the night but heard nothing of the thief. From the manner of his entrance and the position of the articles which he took, there is little doubt that tlie thief was well acquainted with the place. An Appeal. —Our readers will find in another column, the appeal of the Union commission, in behalf of the suffering people of those sections of our country which have been desolated by the war. It is but necessary to read the appeal, to see how pressing is this demand upon our chari ty. Mr. G.S. Griffith, 91 W. Baltimore street, Baltimore, is the President of the Commission, and is well-known for his untiring liberality in behalf of our suffering soldiers. Food, clothing, agricultural implements, &c., may he sent to him and money to J. N. Brown, Treasurer, Baltimore. We know of no cause that more deserves our liberality. Gave Bail. —Charles Cockey, of this county, who was arrested by the U. S. Marshal on a pre sentment for treason, made by the Grand Jury of the U. S. District Court, gave hail to answer the charge at the November term in the sum of $20,000. His own recognizance was taken for SIO,OOO, John O. Price of Cockeysville, appear ing for the balance. Cockey was in the rebel is said to have been with Gilraor in his raid last summer, and tool, part in burning the bridges, &c., on the Northern Central Railway. To Those Having Farms for Sale. —We have made an arrangement with a well-known and reliable Land Agency of Balto. city, by which we can greatly facilitate the sale of Farms in Balto. Co., either at public or private Auction. If those who have land for sale, will leave a de scription of the same at our office, with number of acres, terms &c., we may often he instrumen tal iu seuding them a purchaser. Fruit Jars. —The season is now here for put ting up fruits for winter use. Nothing is more desirable to the prudent housewife than a relia ble self-sealing can, simple in arrangement and perfectly sure to preserve the fruit, llaniill k Co. 131 N. Gay street, have for sale an excellent as sortment of these articles, and we would urge our readers to call and see them. Fine Peaches. —The finest Peaches it has been our pleasure to see or taste, this season, eaiue from tiie orchard of Mr. Jacob Wisner, nearTow somown. His crop is large and of the first qual ity. They are selliug iu town for from $1.50 to $2.00 per bushel. ■ ■ , ♦♦♦■■ - - - Contract Awarded. —Mr. Samuel F. Butler, of this place, has received the contract for build ing the new bridge over the Patapsco at Wood stock. it is to be of wood, covered with slate. Th%! cost will be SSOOO, to be paid in,equal por tions by Baltimore and Howard counties. Encouraging.— John Ditch, Esq., has been added to the collecting Committee of the 3d dis trict, for the Soldies’ Reception on the 12th September, and has already raised over one hundred dollars. Let Collectors in other dis tricts take notice. Sale of a Long Green Farm. — Geo. R. Hunt, i Esq., has sold the snug little farm of 25 acres, formerly owned by Col. Jamison, deceased, for i the sum of $2,509- Samuel Keflel, Esq., pur- i chaser, > Union Men, take notice that the time for holding 1 the primary meetings in the 3rd and 13th dis tricts, is Friday afternoon, September 29tli, and 1 for all the others, on Saturday afternoon, Sep- i tember 30th. 1 Fallacies in the South. We must not judge the South too severely; for more than thirty years it has been subjected, as perhaps no other modern people has been, to a process of education on public questions, which has been singularly uniform, persistent, and inexorable. The public men—politicians, clergy, and editors—have directed vigilantly i's thinking, and directed it sternly to one end— the maintenance of slavery as an almost sacred responsibility of the Southern people. The doc trine of State sovereignty, and the consequent right of secession, have naturally followed ; and the common people, at least, seem to be perfectly honest in their couvictions on these subjects.— They acknowledge themselves defeated, and they accept this fact with, we doubt not, an uudis sembled disposition to be loyal henceforth—sla very and secession being extinguished and their doctrinal b&sis equally annihilated. All this they hesitate not to avow, but at the same time they evidently and very generally admit it mere ly as a political or military fact, not at all as morally or logically affecting their late position. The momentary, incidental embarrassments of emancipation ; the sudden joy of the negro, and his disposition to have a rather prolonged holi day as he enters upon his new condition—the ef fect of slavery upon his nature, disabling him from adjusting himself instantly to the new con ditions of his labor—these facts, instead-of being considered by his late master as temporary vex ations, which must certainly give way speedily before suitable incentives, in the form of com pensation, kind treatment, and social advance ment, appal the planters, and render necessary iu many places the intervention of the military power to keep back planter and freedmau from collision, if not destruction. Now, all this distrust and hesitancy, we again admit, is very natural in their circumstances of profound miseducation ; but, at the samp time, it is utterly fallacious and even foolish. It is in contradiction to all a priori views of human na ture, to the opinions of all the rest of the civil ized world, to all the testimonies of history on the question. The planter who will most prompt ly concede to the new conditions of labor in the South, and will do so with the most liberal con cessions that capital can make to labor, will be the most successful in his business. Every healthy black laborer is an intrinsic item of value to the South and the nation—infinitely more so than a good black beast of labor. They may be too | numerous for convenience in some localities ; 1 but the natural laws of free labor will soon set | tie this difficulty, if left to operate unobstructed. Let our Southern citizens begin forthwith to plough and plant, employing laborers without ! reference to color, ignoring that superficial dis tinction at once, but paying the best possible . wages in order to secure the best possible indus try and skill, showing a sincere ambition to en ; and improve their laborers as the best means of improving their own interests. Let 3 them do this, and it will not be long before their * chief embarrassments will vanish like mist, and wealth and happiness again crown their desolate 3 estates. The African is vigorous for labor; he is nota -1 bly docile and sensitive to the influence of kind ness. He is ignorant, to be sure, and propor * tionubly unfit for the kinds of labor which re -3 quire ingenuity or skill ; but the labor which demands his service in the South is mostly such p as needs only physical force and docility. The ' South could not import foreign substitues for him, who could better perform this labor under its intense climate. Let it treat him as it would : have to treat foreign or immigrant laborers, and 1 it may rest assured it will have no more difficul ■ ty with him than with them. The experiment 3 of West India emancipation justifies fully what we now affirm. In the inception of that experi ment it seemed probable that the result would be ’ quite different; it was so reported for some time, tyid our own planters seized on these early re ports as arguments against emancipation ; they seem not to have thought it expedient to revise ] them by later information. That information proves that the alleged ill success of the British emancipation act was but temporary, except in 3 Jamaica ; that it was owing in all cases, and 5 most especially in Jamaica, to the wretched poli -3 cy and obstinacy of the white landownere, and that the further results have conclusively vindi j cated emancipation.—AT, Y. Methodist. — : An appeal to the citizens of Balto. Co. in behalf of the suffering peo ple of the South. Permit us most respectfully to call the atten , tion of all the friends of humanity to the Amer j ican Union Commission, a branch of which has been organized in Baltimore, composed of some ’ thirty prominent citizens, to give relief to the suf ’ fering people of those sections desolated by the 1 war, and to aid them in the restoration of their ' social and civil fabric upon the basis of industry , education, freedom and Christian morality , Members of this Commission, from Baltimore, ’ have visited Richmond, Shenandoah Valley, and T other portions of the South where they found the desolation so great that it almost defies descrip ’ tion. An area of 10,000 miles in West Virginia 3 has been overrun by contending armies no less 3 than twelve times, and stripped bare of all the r necessaries of life. In Little Rock, Arkansas, there are eight hundred helpless widows and or ‘ phans. Gen. Wilsou telegraphs from Macon, [ Georgia, that there are from twenty-five to fifty 3 thousand persons who are absolutely destitute of food of every kind. At Savannah there are two J thousand white refugees, mostly women and chil r dren, who are in the same condition, and four thousand of the citizens, who, save in the item of 1 a bouse, are equally destitute. Thousandsof loy al families have been scattered, their houses burn t ed and they left homeless and penniless. The in nocent suffered with the guilty. Such are a few i of the many facts of the same kind that might I be given. Schools, also, for the masses of chil f dren who are growing up in ignorance and irre r ligion, must be organized. Industry must be ! stimulated and directed. When this work was presented to President r Lincoln, he said : “Gentlemen, this work must f be done, and it receives my hearty sanction.”— ) President Johnson said : “ Any thing I can do l personally or officially I will gladly do.” , Shall we follow the dictates of our common i humanity and the sublime precepts of the Gospel to feed the hungry and clothe the naked; or let famine with slow and certain step put them where no help will be needed ? May we not hope that with a comprehensive view of the necessity of i this work, and with a liberality commensurate r with the necessity of the hour, you will come to i the rescue of these impoverished and suffering i people ? Food, clothing of all kinds, and agricultural implements, may be sent to G. S. Griffith, Esq., 91 West Baltimore street, who is giving his time and energy to this work, and money may be sent to J. N. Brown, Treasurer, Baltimore. OFFICERS I G. S. Griffith, President. Rev. C. Dickson. D. D., Vice President. J. 0. Bbidoes, 2d . “ “ Hon. J. M. Frazier, 3d “ “ J. N. Brown, Treasurer. Banker, cor. Calvert and Baltimore stre. Rev. F. Israel, Corresponding Sec’y Ilev. E. R. Eschracii, Rec. Secretary. Rev. 0. M McDowell, Financial Agent. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE : G. S. Griffith, Chairman. Wii. Bridges, J. Henry Gikse, Jesse Tyson, J. N. Brown, Wm. B. Canfield, J. C. Bridges, Sam‘l M. Shoemaker, Dr. J. C. Thoma 9. The Use of Jeff. Davis. BY KLIZUR WIUGHT. There may be some fish in the sea that do not believe in the existence of land. They think wa ter is omnipresent. So there may be lawyers, pos sibly clients, who think judicial functions appli cable to every possible crime. It may never have occurred to them that, supposing our courts to outlive the world of probation, it would be ab surb for them to try a man, even for bigamy, af ter the day of j udgment. As to Jeff. Davis, be committed and confessed the crime of treason openly, in the Senate of the United States, more than tour years ago. The day of judgment has passed in regard to him, so far as such a thing can be in this world. He put himself on trial by battle distinctly before God aud the whole people, the authority by which all courts exist. The ver dicPof guilty has been returned, not by a jury of twelve men, but by God and all true meu, women and children. Now it is seriously proposed, out of abundant veneration for the forms and formulas by which ordinary criminals are eliminated from society, to ignore the whole of this remarkable trial of Jeff. Davis before God and the whole world, and invite him and his friends to a new trial of him and the question which they carried into the court of war, in a little seven-by-nine court of peace ! We talked the matter to no purpose thir ty years. We then, on the motion of Jeff. Davis, fought it to some purpose for four years. We in fact decided it both as to the man and his doc trine. Now let us ignore the decision and talk it again—to what purpose ? There is a better use for Jeff. Davis. There is a better use for our Courts of Justice. There is at least one criminal and one crime in America that do not need a grand inquest to find them < out, and if there is any mortal who does not al ready know them, an army of one-legged men stands ready to beat the knowledge into bis or her block of ahead with its crutches. Resort to the needless formality of judicially trying Davis, and the nation must hang him, or make itself an ass in trying him. Ou the matter of-fact, cotninm-seuse ground, that lie has al ready been tried by a tribunal higher than any and all others, and found guilty, we can hold him as a hostage for his rebel crew, during the joiut continuance of his safe and their dangerous lives. This is the only use there is of a man iu bis un paralleled circumstances. As a non-entity or a secession qpnt, he wouldn’t pay.— The Boston Commonwealth. THE MARKETS Baltimore, Aug. 18. FLOUR—Howard Street Super $8.35.@58.65 “ “ Retailing Extra $9.50 “ “ Family email@example.com “ City Mills Super $firstname.lastname@example.org “ Baltimore Family $13.00 Ohio Super $email@example.com Extra SO.OO (a) (9.00 “ Family sO.(M)@slo.so CORN MEAL per barrel $5.12J@50.00 GRAlN—White Wheat 225@260ct5. Red Wheat 195@210 cts. White Corn 93@95 cts. Yellow Corn 93@94 cts. Oats, (weight,) „.48@50 cts. Rye 80(a)83 cts. PROVISIONS—Bacon Shoulders..! 8$ @ 18J cts. “ Sides 19i@19icts. Hams, cured 24 @25 cts. SALT—Ordinary brands, fine, $firstname.lastname@example.org Oround Alum $email@example.com Turks Island, per bushel, 60@$000 WHISKEY—(Ohio) $firstname.lastname@example.org MARRIED. ' On the 9th August, by Rev. Joseph France, James Stevenson to MiuMia Kiiik, all of Baltimore county. ■r On Mrs. Sa ijr. of At Mount liam Morse, aged 2 and 10 days, youngest son of James D, and Eliza beth Caddow. In Middle River Neck, Baltimore county, after a long and painful illness, which she bore with Christian fortitude and resignation to the will of God, Mrs. Catharine G. Shaw, aged 00 years 5 months and 1 day, leaving a > husband and five children to mourn their irre parable loss. , New Advertisements. STRAY COW. ! OTRAYED away from the premises of the • O subscriber, at Warren Factory, on or about the 10<A of August, a dark roan BUT-sae 'aim* 1 * t FALO COW, about 12 years old, t a bell on when she left. A ronanr. Q i.) • reward will be given for her return to the uu l dersigned. 5 Aug. 19.—3t* JOHN S. GRIFFITH. TAKE NOTICE! A MEET ING will be held at Wiseburg School House, on Saturday evening, August 2C>th, , for the purpose of making arrangements to at , tend the Soldiers' Reception at Towsontown, . September 12th. Veteran soldiers of the 7th r District, with all others interested are requested to be present. [ Aug. 19.—2 t. \ Stray Mules. m t "\X7"ERE taken up estray on or about the Bth t TY of August, NINE MULES ofifa . bay and brown color. The owner , owners of said Mules are requested come forward, prove property, pay charges and ; take them away. THOS. WARD, Chesnut Ridge, Falls Road, 12 Miles from Baltimore. Aug. 19.—3 t. i ■ For County Treasurer. Editors :—As the time is not far distant when a selection will be made ’ from among the Union men of the county, for the office of Treasurer, without intending any disparagement to others, there is no one who has stronger claims on the public, nor is better qualified for the post than . THOMAS COOPER, Esq., of the 7th District. He is a gentleman of in tegrity and purity of character, who would fill the place without partiality or prejudice, and - would give general satisfaction to the people of - the COUNTY. ! August 19.—tc. SIOO Dollars Reward. J CtTOLEN from me on the night of the last of r O July, a large Gray flea bitten HORSE, , about 18 hands high, fit for Cartor Wa- Wa gon or any kind of farm work. I will , give the above reward for the Horse 1 and thief, or SSO for the horse alone. He went 3 through the Toll gate on the York road the . morning following, about 6 o’clock, and stated i that he was going to little York. He also stole 3 Saddle and Bridle and night halter. I have , reason to believe that the Horse is within fif teen or twenty miles of Towsontown. ELIAS SMARDON, 5 miles from Baltimore, on the B. A O. R. R. ’ Aug. 19.—2 t J For Sheriff. . Editors Union: r persons having al f IKir ready been named for the important of fice of Sheriff of Baltimore county, againsttwo ’ at least of whom not one word can be said, and without disparaging the claims of either Mr. Foster or Mr. Cullings, I would respectfully 1 announce to the loyal men of the county the 1 name of LEWIS R. COLE, Esq., ■ of the Bth District, subject only to the decision ■ of the Union County Convention. Of the merits of Mr. Cole it is not necessary t that one word should be said; an old and higli t ly respected citizen of Baltimore county, well - known to nearly every loyal man as one of the ) firmest in the darkest hours of the rebellion, his name would be a tower of strength to the i Union ticket at the ensuing election, and in no 1 portion of the county more than in the t NINTH DISTRICT. 3 August 19.—tc. L In Baltimore County Orphans’ Court, ) August 16th, 1865. j 5 ORDERED, that the lease of the Real Es > tate of WILLIAM 11. STINSON deceased, made > by Eugenia G. Stinson and Evan W. Warfield, the Executors of the last Will and Testament I of the said deceased, and this day reported to , this Court by the said Executors, be ratified > and confirmed, unless cause be shewn to the t contrary, On or before the 12th day of September, 1865, Provided a copy of this order be inserted in some weekly newspaper, published in Balti more county, for three successive weeks, before the 9th day of September, 1865. The report states the amount of lease to be $2,200 cash, and an annual rent of $l2O. STEPHEN W. FALLS, JOS. MERRYMAN, ' Judges. True Copy—Test: 1J JOHN PIIILPOT, Register of Wills for Baltimore county. Aug. 19.—3 t. PUBLIC SALE OF VALUABLE REAL ESTATE AND PERSONAL, PROPERTY, In the Bth District, Baltimore Co. m, M a rpilE undersigned, Executor for the Estate of A George Ensor of G., deceased, will sell at Public Sale on the. premises, near Black Rock, On Friday, September Ist, 1865, at 10 o’clock A. M., The following Valuablo Stock and Farming Utensils:—One Fine Gray Mare, (White Hall stock,) 2 Good Horses, 1 two-yearling Colt, five head of Cattle, 9 Sheep, 22 head of Hogs, ono narrow and two broad-tread Wagons, Wagon Bed, Hay Carriage, 4 Sets Wagon Harness, one Threshing Machine and Horse Power, Grain Fan, Corn Sheller, Bradley’s Mower, Plows, Harrows, Cultivators, Shovel Plows, Jcc. One Grain Drill, Spring-Tooth Horse Rake, a lot of Barrels, Hogsheads, Shovels, Grain Cradles, Ac., Ac. Also, Wheat and Rye in the Straw, and Hay in the Stack. —All sums under $lO, Cash, all over that amount a credit of four months with approved security, and interest from day of AT THE SAME TIME Will bo ofl'ered for sale the Farm known as “CABLE’S HABITATION,” adjoining the lands of Samuel Shaull and oth ers, containing about 50 ACRES of good Land, well watered, under good fencing, and in a high state of cultivation. There is erected thereon a Log Dwelling, Log Barn, Spring House, Ac. This is one of the most desirable Farms in the vicinity of Black Rock. for the Real Estate made known on day of sale. GEORGE K- ENSOR, Executor. WILLIAM DUNCAU, Auctioneer. Ag-19,—t*. New Advertisements. “ “ FOB SA LE7 400 ACRES OF “MY LADY'S MANOR” LAND. THE undersigned, as Attorney for owner, of fers for sale that valuable FARM known as ‘THORNBROOK,"Iying in Harford iwA gfltb and Baltimore counties and con-(|a a A' about FOUR HUN- imK ACRES OF LAND. 1!2UB It is distant by turnpike 18 miles from Balti more city, and five miles from the Monkton station, on the Northern Central Railway. This farm is of the very best quality of Man or land, and is in an excellent state of cultiva tion, producing as good crops as any land in the State. It is well wooded and watered, hav ing water in every field, and is improved by a good DWELLING HOUSE, BARN and other necessary outbuildings. A Macadamized pike to Baltimore city passes through this farm, dividing it into twotracts of about 200 acres each, which will be sold separ ately, to suit purchasers. There is a LIMESTONE QUARRY on the adjoining farm. This farm is convenient to Churches, Schools, Stores, Ac., and is in a thick ly settled and healthy neighborhood. For terms and further particulars, apply to or address P. H. RUTLEDGE, Bel Air, Harford county, Maryland. Aug. 19.—4 t. For Treasurer of Balto. County. Messrs. Editors:— Please announce Capt. HENRY WILHELM, of the 6th district, as a candidate for the next Treasurer of Baltimore county. Capt. Wilhelm has been a brave and faithful soldier in the 4th Md. Regt., was wound ed in the service, and is a man well qualified for this position. We don’t want the soldiers overlooked in our county. We recommend him to the people, believing he will be as true to his countv as he has been to his country. THE SOLDIERS’ FRIENDS. Aug. 16.—6 t. Notice. To Farmers of Baltimore County. fpHE subscriber having established an Agen- JL cy for the purpose of supplying Farmers with labor, is prepared to fill all orders for WHITE OR COLORED LABORERS. Those in want of bands can be supplied imme diately by applying to OLIVER WOOD, General Agency, 61 Second street, Baltimore. Aug. 19.—tJan.l. Towsontown Female Seminary. BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES. Mrs. M. It. Schenck, Principal. THE duties of this institution will be re sumed Wednesday, September 6 th. - —Circulars can be obtained at the Book Stores, Baltimore, and from the Principal. August, 19.—1 m ! NOTICE ; To the Union Men of the County. YOU are hereby requested to hold your usu al PRIMARY MEETINGS, on SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30TH, between the hours of 3 and 5 o’clock P. M., [ for *ll the districts except the 3d and 13th, and for the two above mentioned Districts, on FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 2VTH, between the same hours, for the purpose of electing FIVE DELEGATES from each Election District to represent you in i the County nominating Convention, to be held AT THE COURT HOUSE, IN TOWSONTOWN, ON [ Wednesday, October 4th. The following county officers are tobechosen at the coming election :—One man for Judge of the Circuit Court; three men for County Com missioners; one man for Sheriff and one man for Treasurer. By order of the EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. _ August 12.—td. ; FRUIT JARS! FRUIT JARS!! r FRUIT JARS !!! 1 0 000" EALING RUIT JARS ’ BSLF ‘ j 10,000 Glass Fruit Jars with Corks. I 10,000 Stone “ “ “ “ 1 with a general assortment of Glass, Stone and Earthen Ware, which we will sell at factory prices. We keep constantly on hand our best f WHITE COAL OIL., ’ warranted non-explosive and free from odor, at the lowest market prices. Country Merchants and others would do i well to give us a call before purchasing olse } where. HAMILL A CO., No 131 N. Gay Street, corner High, , Aug. 12.—3 m. Baltimore, Md. W E M’JILTON & CO7, REAL ESTATE BROKERS, Auctioneers, Advertising & Collecting Agents, No. 19 SOUTH STREET, BALTIMORE, MD. REAL Estate at Private Sale. Real Estate at Public Sale. Property of every des i crintfhn auctioneered. J. A. Houston, a practising Attorney at Law r for a number of years, will examine Titles, pre -3 pare Conveyances, and promptly Collect Claims entrusted to our care. REFER TO—C. C. Cox, M. D., Lieut. Gov i ernor for the State of Maryland; John F. Mc- Jilton, Surveyor Port of Baltimore; A. M. f White, Esq., Baltimore city, Md. July 22.—3 m. 1 . s To Whom it May Concern: NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, “ fTIHAT the undersigned, Examiners, annoint- A ed by the County Commissioners of Balti more county, on the petition of Wm. Harrison, and others, for the opening of a Road from the Philadelphia Turnpike Road, to Bank Street, in Baltimore county, having taken the oath re quired by law, will proceed on the 26 th day of August, 1865, > on the premises, (if fair, if not, the next fair day) , to execute the trust reposed in them, and the t requirements of the acts of Assembly in such > cases made and provided, i ABEL S. DUNGAN, , NICHOLAS O’GIER, JACKSON PARLETT, July 22.—5t* Examiners. AT PRIVATE SALE. One Black Horse, four years old, One Fine Brood Mare, five years old, One two-year old Colt, One one-year old Coll, Ono Young STALLION, White Hall Stock, All very superior animals, suitable for work or harness. Will be sold at a bargain. Apply to S. G. WILSON, June 17.—tf. * Towsontown. To the Tax Payers of the Bth Elec tion District. THE undersigned hereby gives notice to the Tax Payers of Cockcysville District, that lie will be at COCKEYBVILLE, during the time of Registering the Voters of said district, ready to receive the State and County Tax from those who are in arrears. ABRAHAM JESSOP, August 5.—3 t. Collector.^ AUCTIONEERS’ NOTICE. TIIE undersigned having obtained a license, offers his services to the people of Balti more county as Auctioneer. Will attend prompt ly to all business entrusted to his care and guar antees to give satisfaction. JABEZ ARMACOST, Black Rock, P. 0., Baltimore county, Md. Aug. s.—3m*: CLOTHING ! CLOTHING ! ! J. G. PETER, Merchant Tailor. No. 7, South Gay street, Baltimore. KEEPS always on hand a fine assortment of the best goods, which he is prepared to make to order at short notice. Also, Goods made up that are bought elsewhere. Aug. s.—ly. NOTICE TO CREDITORS. ALL persons to whom I am indebted are hereby requested to present their bills for settlement, on or before Saturday, August 26th. GEORGE ECKHART, near Shawan, Baltimore county. Aug. 12.—2 t FOR SALE. A No. 1 LIGHT NO-TOP TROTTING WAG ON, built by Dusenbury A Vandusen, of New York. In complete repair. Will be sold at a bargain. Apply at this office. July 29.—3 t JOB PRINTING AT THE “UNION OFFICE.’)