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TOWSONTOWN, MD. liOXGMCKEB BROS., Publishers and Prop'rs. SATURDAY, APRIL, IS, 1874. More Backbone Needed. Two days after the Committee of the State Ag ricultural Society made its report to that body upon its proceedings with the House Committee of the Legislature on Agriculture, the Farmers’ Union of Baltimore county held a meeting at Duncan’s Hail, near Cackeysville. At that meet ing Dr. Moses Merry man offered resolutions thank ing Senator Davis and Mr. Merryman, "chairman of the House Committee on Agriculture, for their efforts to secnre legislation in the interest of the agricultural classes of Baltimore county.’’— We believe the resolutions were adopted. So far as Senator Davis is concerned we have no demurrer to file. But who is the best judge of what the "chairman of the House Committee on Agriculture’’ did "in the interest of the agri cultural classes of Baltimore county,” those who supported this resolution or the committee bead ed by Gen. Geo. H. Stewart ? And the resolution, inferentially at least, declares that the "chairman of the House Committee on Agriculture” is the only member from Baltimore county entitled to any notice. It is quite a cool and severe reflec tion upon the balance of the delegation—one that, in our humble opinion, they do not deserve. The committee appointed by the Agricultural Society, of which Gen. Stewart was chairman, says that "the House Committee on Agriculture declined to hear them” though they were per sistent in their efforts to obtain that hearing from February 10th to March 3d, more than three weeks. The Farmers’ Union thanks the chair man of that same House Committee that declined a bearing to the committee composed in part of its own members, and it does it only two days after that same committee bad so reported in writing to the Agricultural Society of the State I Did the people who supported this vote of thanks do so with full knowledge of the facts in the premises or did they support it upon faith, hav ing no information on the subject ? If they were posted on the facts, they stultified themselves and indicated that they are willing to be used as the implements to advance the interests of those who refuse them a respectful hearing. If they were in the dark in relation to the facts and supported the resolution upon faith, they owe it to them selves to embrace the first opportunity that offers to rescind it. And then they thank this same "chairman of the House Committee on Agriculture” for pass ing through the House a bill for the "protection of sheep” which Gen. Stewart’s committee de clared "fatally defective.” Who was right, Gen. Stewart’s committee or the Farmers' Union ? The cause of the farmers is in theirown hands. That cause cannot be advanced unless they are individually brave enough to deal stern rebukes to those who trifle with their interests or spurn their solicitations. Until they can vote "No” loudly and emphatically upon resolutions en dorsing those inimical to their interests, they will always be represented by such men—and they will deserve to be. Count the Cost Before You Decide. Those who managed the bill for the extension of the city limits displayed a slight of hand that was quite dextrous when they incorporated into it a provision that the property in the newly ac quired territory should be assessed or taxed at only one-half its value. This is a bait that is calculated to deceive the unwary and to induce the doubtful voters to cast their ballots in favor of the extension. Unless the people’s minds are disabused of this allurement there is no doubt in our mind that there will be votes won for exten sion. In order that everybody may vote intelli gently upon this we deem it our duty to call their attteation to certain provisions of the State Con stitution and to the bearing they have upon the matter in point. The fifteenth section of the Declaration of Rights, upon which the Government and Consti tution of the State rest, declares that "any person * Qldi-.g property in th. Slat-ought the Government, according to his actual worth in real and personal property .” Under this previ sion every man’s property must be assessed at its actual worth, and it must pay taxes according to its assessment. This question was tested in the States of Wis consin and lowa. In the former State the city of Muscatine, by virtue of an act of the Legisla ture, had her limits extended. The provisions of the statute in that case were the same as in the one passed by the Maryland Legislature for the extension of the limits of Baltimore. The vote was taken and the people within the prescribed limits, influenced doubtless largely by this strong inducement, voted for extension. They had not long been citizens of Muscatine when some folks who resided in the city proper found out that their taxes would be less if everybody who re sided within the city paid tax at the same rate with themselves. The matter was tested in the City Court which decided that the newcomers in the city could not be obliged to pay any more tax than that prescribed in the statute. The case was taken to the Supreme Court of the State which reversed this decision, declaring that the Declaration of Rights was paramount to the statute and that those who had lately become citizens of Muscatine by the extension of her lim its must pay taxes at the same rate with its orig inal inhabitants. This matter is plain enough if the people will give it a moment’s reflection. Look at this Statement. —ln an ingeniously contrived “extra” of the Sun that is being ex tensively circulated in favor of city exten sion we find the following : " Our taxes are now seventy cents on the one hundred dollars. The limits extended, they toill be but seventy-jive cents on the hundred dollars for the next ten years." The State tax thfs year is 20j cents on the hundred dollars. Below we append the items of a well displayed city tax bill: Internal Improvements 10 cents per SIOO State Police 21 cents per 100 Certain Expenses 8 cents per 100 Criminal Court 3 cents per 100 Public Schools 18 cents per 100 City Poor 5 cents per 100 Miscellaneous Stock ....IS cents per 100 City Hall Sinking Fund... 2 cents per 100 • 85 cents per 100 City Direct 78 cents per 100 Total 163 cents per 100 Highways and Bridges 50 cents per 100 Total 213 cents per 100 The full amount of a city tax bill is only $2.33J on the hundred dollars ? Quite a differ ence between this and seventy cents. Three Ci.asses.— Within the prescribed lim its for the city extension there reside three classes of people. The first class are the large landowners who desire to have their real estate developed and occupied by palatial residences and adorned with all the improvements and conveniences that Baltimore city can give it. The second class are people who own com fortable homes with small parcels of ground and who have located themselves there to gel out of Baltimore city. The third class is composed of those who are obliged to rent houses from the large owners and who earn their bread by their daily toil. In point of numbers the first class is much smaller than either of the others. The third class is numerically stronger than both the others. The interest of the first class is in the direc- j tion of extension. The interest of the third , class is in opposition to extension. The second class having moved into the county for the i purpose of getting out of the city will not like- i ly feel much inclined to vote themselves back i into it. < —Taxation in Baltimore county is about i $2.80 for each man. woman and child residing j within its limits. In Baltimore city it is only i $12.06 for each man, woman and child in that i corporation. There is some inducement for i folks who have plethoric purses to vote to have i themselves taken into the city. > IFho is the Farmers * Friend. We have endeavored, as far as in us lie, to advance the material interests ol' tho farmers of Baltimore county and the State. Whenever and wherever thoy have formed “Clubs” or “Unions” and taken wise action our columns have not been silent. We claim no merit for this. It was our simple duty. We deem it equally our duty to point out to farmers in general any mistakes that they may make or any delusions into which they may be led by any one either willingly or unwillingly. There has been a narrow antagonism fostered by impolitic people who have assumed a lead ership in the farmers’ movement agaiust al most everybody who does not curn his living by tilling the soil, and especially against law yers. Last fall when both parties had placed their tickets in the field, we were told the del egates to the Legislature on our ticket were "manufacturers ” and that those on tho other ticket were “farmers," consequently farmers must vote for the ticket composed of farmers in order to protect their own interest. Whether this did it or not we will not stop here to discuss. The boasted “farmers’ ticket” was elected by farmers’ votes and when the Legislature assembled Mr. Merryman was made chairman of the committee on agricul ture. What did they do for the farmers l This is a question every farmer, who desires the farmers’ interest advanced, had better ask himself. We shall make no charges. But we shall furnish the testimony of farmers to throw some light upon the subject. At a meeting of the Maryland Agricultural Society on the 15th of January last, a commit tee, of which Gen. George H. Stewart was chair man, and of which Dr. Moses Merryman and others of Baltimore county, were was appointed to memorialize the Legislature upon subjects pertaining to farming interests. Early in February the Society met again and the committee submitted to it a well pre pared memorial to the Legislature, embracing the subjects of "Immigration,” “Sheep Hus bandry,” "Vagrant Stock,” and "County Roads." This memorial was adopted by the Society and the committee enlarged and em powered to submit It to the Legislature, which the committee did on the 10th day of February, at the same time submitting a bill upon each subject above named and upon “Taxation on Dogs.” On the sth day of March, at the monthly meeting of the Society, this committee report ed what it had done and the success it had achieved in the following language : "No action was taken on either of these bills (Immigration and Sheep) and lor some unex plained reason the House Uommittee on Agri culture (of which Mr. Merryman was chair man,) declined to hear your committee, with reference to those bills, though we have made persistent and unremitted efforts to get a hear ing, from the 10th of February up to the 3d of March, when it became evident that further effort was useless.” A bill for taxing dogs, which the committee considered "fatally defective,” was reported by the committee on Agriculture and passed by the House. The committee "earnestly sought to have it amended” or their "own sub mitted” in its place, "but without success.” The committee’s bill on “Vagrant Stock" was ufavorably reported by the House com mittee on Agriculture, without a hearing, which was as persistently sought as in the case of the other bills. “Senator Davis”—says the re port—"has prepared a bill on this subject, which he has pushed to a third reading and which your committee unhesitatingly en dorse.” “Senator Davis is entitled, in the opinion of your committee to the thanks of this association and of the agriculturists at large for bis manly and independent advocacy of a measure, which though eminently just, has by its special unpopularity, frequently driven legislatcrs to vote against their convic tions of right. The committee was obliged to get Senator Tuck of Anne Arundel county to take charge of the “Immigration” and “Sheep Husbandry” bills.” Here is the sad spectacle of farmers being denied, by a farmers’committee in the State Legislature, the constitutional right of being heard ! The farmers were obliged to seek two lawyers in order to have their petitions consid ered! Dear farmers, the “manufacturers" would have given you a hearing and treated you - <wteous consideration-. than The right of being heard by petition for a redress of grievances is vouchsafed by the con stitution of the United States. When a com mittee of farmers are obliged to forego a hear ing after three weeks’ fruitless attempt we think they had better beware of those who de nied the hearing and look well to the men they put foward by their influence and votes. Farmers’ Newspaper. —On Thursday of last week a convention of farmers met at Mechanics' Hall, Baltimore, in obedience to a call issued about two months previously by the Maryland State Agricultural Society. It was presided over by A. Bowie Davis, President of the Maryland State Agricultural Society. A series of resolu tions were adopted, the most prominent among which was one endorsing the Grange movement and recommending the farmers, their wives and daughters to become members. The only actual business that was transacted was the adoption ot a set of resolutions looking to the establishment of a newspaper and printing house devoted to the farmers’ interest. The plan is a joint stock com pany and the name of the paper is to be the Farmers' Union of Maryland. It is to he a week ly. The par value of each share of stock is to range from one to five dollars in order that farm laborers and mechanics may become share own ers. A committee was appointed to set the en terprise in motion. We have no desire to throw any obstacle in the way of this enterprise. But purchasers ol stock had better know what they are doing be fore they pay tbeir money. Before determining definitely on the establishment of this weekly it would be well for the committee to count the cost —or have some practical newspaper mau count it for them. Ask the following questions: How much can we afford to sink in the enterprise?— How much will it require to inaugurate the con cern ? How long can we afford to run it without having any return for our money ? Who will manage, control and dictate its policy, political, financial and otherwise? Visit not less than a half dozen newspaper offices and lay your plans before the proprietors and ascertain the financial necessities for beginning the work. This won’t cost much aud may he worth a great deal. The New Trade Dot. la it is a beautiful coin. On one side are “1874,” thirteen stars, repre senting the thirteen original Stales, and the Goddess of Liberty sitting upon a bale of goods with a luxuriant sheaf of wheat at her back.— In her right hand, cxtendi'd forward, she holds a bunch of poppies. In her left hand recliuihg at her side she holds a small scroll on which is inscribed "Liberty.” At the base of the bale of goods is the inscription “luGod we trust.”— On the otherside is "United States of America,” “Trade Dollar,” “4211 grains,” which indicates its weight, "900 fine,” which shows its pro portions of pure silver. The central figure of this side is the American eagle with extended pinions standing on tip-toe on a bundle of arrows and a branch, and over his head is the inscription “j? riurihus Unttm.” The object of the trade dollar is to supersede the Mexican dollar in the trade with China. The Mexican dollar contains more silver than any other coin except the new trade dollar, which has been made heavier fr lit" express purpose <>f taking its place. Alcohol. On Tuesday o' this week, iu the city of Baltimore, Dr. John <l. Morrisdelivered a very interesting lecture before the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland upon the sub ject of alcoholic treatment. The general con 1 elusion arrived at concerning the use of alcohol is that it is more mischievous, in general, in its effects than beneficial, that it is likely to pro duce tubueles in persons disposed to cousump i tion, that it, is not a food, that it may furnish ' temporary stimulation to perform action that could not lie performed without it, that the re actionary effect does more injury than the. tem- '• porary stimulation does good, that coffee for the purposes of labor is a better dietetic than 1 alcohol, that out of twenty six people in a snow storm twenty-three used whisky and three did j not, the twenty three froze and the three sur- i vived. i Letter from Baltimore. Baltimobe, April 15'h, 1874. (Jur city has been, as a general thing, rather dull sißce the date of my last epistle. This may be attributed to cold, cheerless, unpleasant and somewhat unseasonable weather. We had freez ing Saturday aad Sunday nights. Many are ap prehensive that vegetation has been injured. I learn from private sources that considerable in jury has been done to peaches on tbe Eastern and Western Shores, where great übundance of that fruit is now grown, it having become a leading article of traffic with many farmers there. Some of them, indeed, depend almost entirely upon their peach and berry crops for subsistance.— Strawberries have also sustained injury, but not to a very serious extent. We live in hope, how ever, of having our market fairly supplied with these luxuries. The late accounts of hard freez ing in the vicinity of Norfolk, Virginia, and por tions of North Carolina, where immense amouuts of early fruits and vegetables are raised that sup ply our Baltimore market, prospects are exceed ingly discouraging. If these be true, as doubt less they are, those fortunate enough to secure crops may expect high prices for them. Farmers and others with whom 1 have receut ly conversed from all parts of Marylaud speak very encouragingly of tbe prospects indicated by the growing wheat crop—also rye. This is par ticularly the case in Frederick, Washington, Car roll, and indeed all counties of the Western Shore. Tbe winter, it is said, has been favorable, and if nothing intervenes to prevent, of an unforseen character, we may look forward hopefully to an abundant harvest. Whether this be welcome in telligence to your "grange” readers 1 am unable to divine. Many farmers, indeed, prefer the fore running appearance in public prints of gloomy accounts in the expectation of prices beiDg kept up when crops are garnered and ready to sell. — We of large cities who consume and pay are on tbe reverse side. Low prices suit us best, and it is tolerably hard scratching to get along even then. Tbe truth is in all great commercial me tropolises like Baltimore, a large portion of the population are non-producers and obliged to live by their wits. They are like drones in bee hives, of no use—perfect cormorants on tbe body politic, and subsist upon the industry of others. There are iu Baltimore not less than seven hundred lawyers, young, middle aged and old, whose sig nificent shiDgles cover whole sides of houses in various streets contiguous to the Court Houses, and yet there is not legal business enough for oue-fiftb of them. Those well known and in full practice, commanding confidence, get nearly all the cases worth having, flow the others live is a mystery, saving a few who probably possess some means or have opulent fathers or friends to rely upon. They may be fairly ranked with the non-productionists. Similar remarks are appli cable to physicians or the aspiring sons of Aescu lapius and old Galen. Better for four-fifths of them if they would take Horace Greeley’s advice and “go West,” or somewhere else where a wider field is open, and make better use of their time before manhood’s vigor weakensund grows weary cf energetic enterprises. Young men who stupidly waste the prime of life in semi-satisfied attempts at doing something, amid ease and luxury, amenable to seductive in fluences of profligacy and dissipation, had better seek thein fortunes where something can really be done free from such allurements. I am of those who believe there is ample opportunity for energetic, persevering young professional's and others, in every Stale down South, where pros perity might be realized if they had courage to make the trial. Instead of this, however, there arc by far too many Southerners—especially since the war—seeking the older States and cities to commence professional careers and other business, where inability to compete with those already es tablished begets failure. For some reason, I cannot tell why, Baltimore lags unnaturally behind in her trade aud com merce. She does not come up iu that respect to what has been expected. Commendable improve ment has taken place in her extension and Im provement in buildings. Thousands of dwellings and stores are now idle, or without tenants. We must have business before people can pay laud lords for the use of tbeir property. What is the use of a great city, of value of property in it, un less trade grows commensurate with the increase of population. The truth is Baltimore’s destiny is to become a commanding manufacturing mart, and until that end be attained she will lag be hind. The experience of nearly forty years’ res idence here has convinced me of this fact. Jay Cooke, the once great American banker, was in our city a few days last week sojourning at Barnum’s. He looked well, was in good healih and spirits. 1 may say upon reliable information that he is likely to come out of bis financial dffi culties much better off than was expected, saving for himself out of the wreck, probably one mil lion to one million and a-half of dollars. Wheu all matters are fairly adjusted it is more than possible he will again enter into business as a banker with promise of deserved success. One who did so much in time of need toward aiding our country financially and otherwise, cannot be forgotten or fail of grateful appreciation. There wa3 quite a large meeting—probably fifty or more—of Baltimore county gentlemen assem bled at Guy's Monument House last Saturday eveuing. Tbeir object was, 1 believe, to cousult with reference to an apportionment of the Slate assessment. Our daily papers have thus far over journed to meet again next Saturday evening at the same place when a conference is to take place with residents of Baltimore city, and, possibly, other parts of the State on the same subject, a full report of the proceedings, doubtless, to be made afterward. One thing is certain, so long as they congregate at Guy’s, there can be no danger of starving with Col. Little at the helm. From the best information at hand, and on the authority of persons professing to know, the chances are largely in favor of the city extension law being ratified by'a vote of the people. Bal timoreans who are deeply interested in its success, will not be backward in affording substantial aid. Theelectioneeringcampaign already wages warm ly. There may, however, be some doubt regard ing the succes of that very new subject, the Jones’ Fails enactment. In one of my forthcoming communications I hope to give your readers an interesting romance appertaining to Baltimore county, founded on fact. The heroin still survives. It will he en tirely circumspect and considerably historic. Business continues dull and unsettled. Money is abundant and easy though not much in de mand. It really goi-s a begging for approved se curities Nestor. Letter from Philadelphia. Philadelphia, April IT, 1874. Work is progressing with renewed vigor at Fairmount Park, with a view to its readiness for the grand Centennial gathering. This, by the way, is one of the chief ornaments and attrac tions of our city. Though originally established to prevent the erection of such factories on the Schuylkill as would render the water unfit for drinking purposes, it has grown by purchase and donation, from a comparaiively small tract, un til it embraces three thousand acres, and takes the first rank among th- parks of the world. In addition to what Nature has done for this “gar den of the people,” the large amounts which Councils have appropriated for its improvement, have been well expended. Its immense forest trees of many varieties, its gushing springs and sparkling streams, its fitly miles of bard, smooth, and undulating roads for the carriage, the horse man, and the pedestrian, its handsome statues placed in conspicuous positions, its Art Gallery with its elegant paintings, its Zoological Garden with its growing collection of animals, its li vei-ied guards, stationed at equi distant points lor the prevention of disorder and depredation, its com maading eminences from which can be seeu the merry boating clubs gliding along the river, the crowds of visitors on a pleasant afternoon seeking retirement from the din aud dust of the city, the croquet, pic-nic and ball-playing parties luxuria ting in their sports, aud the vast area of brick and rnor'ar beneath, with its towers and steeples bathed in the mellow sun-light—all these objects and exercises and ornaments, combine to make Fairmount Park a spot of which every Philadel phian, every Pennsylvanian, every American, indued, may justly be proud. The Slate House building and the structures at Fifth and Sixth and Chestnut streets have just received a designation worthy of their historical connection with the foundation of the Govern ment. On the building at the southeast corner of Sixth and Chestnut, now occupied by the Highway Department aud the District Courts, there has just been placed a sign announcing that in that building the first U. S. Senate and the first U. S House of Representatives held their sessions, and that the first President, George Washington, and the second President, John Adams, were inaugurated there. About five hundred of the inmates o* the in sine department of thp Block ley Alms House were favored with a delightful concert on Tuesday evening by the quartette choir of the Church of Epiphany. The deportment of the patients dur ing the entire entertainment was perfect, while they testified their enjoyment by frequent applause and the merry laughs which rang out from the dense ranks of these sadly afflicted creatures, showed how easy it is to carry rays of happiness even into the hearts of many who seem bereft of every form of human comfort or enjoyment. Dr. Dio Lewis, the champion of the Women’s Temperance Movement, addressed a large meet ing in the Foyer of Horticultural Hall on Wed ne.-day morning. In answer to his call for vol unteers to form committees for the purpose ol visiting saloons, some twenty ladies offered their s rvices. Thus tbe crusade has actually com menced. President Grant was with us u Tuesday.— Geutlemen who are in his confidence, and to whom he expressed bimsell freely during bis visit, say it may be deemed certain that if the $400,- 000,000 bill be passed by Congress it will receive tbe Presidential signature. In 1860 tbe assessment of real and personal property in this city amounted to $155,507,669 The tax rale 'or the city was $1 75; for the State, 25 cents; making a total of $2 In 1874 the total assessments amounted to $548,243,535, and the city tax rate $2 20, the State lax having been abolished. In 1860 the city’s expenditures were in the neighborhood of $5,000,000. In 1873 they footed up more than five times that amount, and yet the population has not increased in a t ! ratio with taxation of expenditure. These are | subjects for popular consideration It is announced that the slung-shot, w hicb Twitebell killed his mother in-law, M tß . Hill at I Tenth and Pine streets, iu 1868, is mill in posses- J sion of Dr. Maury, to whom it was giy cn by 1 John O'Byrne, Esq , Twilchell’s lawyer, at the 1 close of the trial, because of Dr. Mauit’g main taining so firmly on the witness stand that the murder could not have biea committed with the poker. The filing of a report this week, by the auditor appointed by the court to seltiotbe estate of Mrs. Hill, has thrown new interest 0 n this weapon of death, and male some developments in connection with tbe trial which are mytbing I else than creditable to the pat ties conceded. t Yours, &c , — —. , Letter from Washington. 1 Washington, D. C., Senators Conkling and Fenton are very irnpres- ‘ sive in their opposition to an increase of'tbe cur rency. The former yesterday present'd resolu tions of the New York Legislature anc Governor Dix’s message expressing apprebensioi at the pro- j posed increase of currency, and thelatter stated that it is the wish of the people of that State to return to specie payments Boston is also grow ing insane in its opposition to currmey extension. Mr. Coburn, of Indiana, iu a latespeech, pointed out the fact to tbe House that pll the localities 1 which cry out so loudly against inflation have an undue proportion of National Bank facilities and of the national currency, while iu tbe West tbe producing classes, includicg farmers, are suf fering sacrifices for small and necessary debts and the sale of their hard-earned komes under the sheriff’s hammer daily occurs, because buuking facilities are not fairly distributed, and tbe debtor class have no means of borrowing on the amplest assets at anything but ruiuoul rates; that the money centres of tbe East absoffi the circulation, and ruin threatens tbe West and South because they have not the same facilities enjoyed in tbe East for getting the reasonable financial accom modation which their business demands. Free banking under proper restrictions, with its dis tribution of currency and accommodation where it is needed, is thought by many to be the pana cea for all these ills. Surely the capital and wealth of the older sections can afford to allow the enterprising business men and producing classes in other parts of our common country to share the required means of prosperity, which they hare hitherto monopolized a**.’’ ■ ful consequences will follow the additional issue of $1 to $2 per capita in a country whose busi ness is shown by the census to double ilseil in a single decade, whose resources so sadly need all the facilities for development. The temperance people ol this District are ask ing Congress to pass more stringent laws regard ing unlicensed liquor shops of which there are said to be from 800 to 1,000 in lull blast. Major Richards, Superintendent of Police, concurred in the views of Rev. E H. Gray, who yesterday preseated an argument before the District Com mittee, in stating that under present laws un licensed liquor dealers could not be convicted Several of the clergy favoied stringent legisla tion, and two Germans represented the Liquor League in opposition to it. One of these pub lishes a weekly paper which is supported on ac count of its advocacy of the liquor interest hetc chiefly by the Germans Every year or two extensive changes are made in the books used iu our District Public Schools School-book drummers and lobyists from differ ent publishing houses are again infesting the city with their efforts to cfaauge tbe school-books which must be paid for by those who send to these schools. The nuisance should he stopped by the Trustees. Tbe Independence Beige , of Brussels, one of the oldest and most influential papers published on the continent of Europe, pays a very high tribute to the administration of General Grant—particu larly to the evident earnestness and good faith displayed in his endeavors to preserve peaie.— "It will never be forgotten,” 3ays this excellent journal, “that under the administration of this soldier President was practically inaugurated the humane policy of international arbitration as a substitute for war; the question between the United States and Great Britain, growing out of the depredations committed on American com merce by the Alabama, having been under his administration settled by arbitration. The ex ample, thus set by two powerful natious, has been recently followed by Spain. The Island of Cuba has been several times invaded, during the last past thirty years, by armed men from the United States; the latest occurrenee of that kind being the well-known case of the Virginius War between Spain and the Uuited States seem ed inevitable. Twenty years ago nothiug could have prevented it. But General Gi ant, Secretary- Fish, and the Spanish Minister, Admiral Polo, oneof the most enlightened statesmen of theage, agreed to turn the whole case iu dispute between the two na'ions over to a tribunal of statesmen whose decision should be final. These gen tlemen will be honored by posterity.” The country press will no doubt feel better to wards Congress when the law doing it justice, by giving it a free exchange and a free distribu tion in the counties of publication, shall be again enacted. In the House yesterday a bill for this purpose was passed by a rote of 178 to 41 Let the Senate take prompt favorable action, aud there will a! once h* tiuuii£p.aud a h*.io.r makers. Life. —There sectns to be a species of legerdemain now-a-days that rises by force of its surround ings into a semi-dignity. That is the dexter ity with which a law can be made to mean something entirely different after it is passed from what it was in the operation of becoming such. We have been reliably informed that the new registration bill when passed had no provision in it stating when it should take ef fect. If this were tbe case, the constitution provides that it should go into operation on the Ist day of June. But when the bill reached the Governor for his official signature it had an additional section providing that it should take effect from the date of its passage. How is this? And why is it tolerated. If this could be, an entirely new bill could be substituted as well, if it suited the interests of those doing it, —There is no provision in the bill for the extension of the city limits making it obliga tory upon the city authorities to open, streets and develop real estate where there are none already. What advantage eau folks reap from being in the city unless they have the means of developing their own property ? —Hon. Schuyler Colfax peremptorily de clines to become a candidate for Congress iu his district. He considers the felicities of pri vate life preferable to the bustle, turmoil and ingratitude of political service. —Sixteen years ago Tom Kenyon went to Kansas City with a cent, and the other day he signed a check for $16,000 He signed with an other man’s name, and his supply of freedom’s air has been abbreviated. —The Massachusetts Legislature is still bal loting for Mr. Sumner’s successor without seemiDg any nearer reaching a result than they did two weeks ago. Mr. Daws is still ahead. married'. On the 9th of April, by the Rev. C. W. Rankin, E. W. Taylor, of Baltimore, to Jennie Lehman, of Bal timore county. DIED At his residence, in Pikesville, on the 13th instant, Dr. L. Byrne, aged 80 years. On April 12th, at his residence, Hur.'ord road, Wash ington, eldest son of the late Win. and Honor Bosley, in the 53d year of his age, formerly of Cockeysville Baltimore county. ANTI ANNEXATION MEETING a r WAVERLY, YORK ROAD, on Wednesday evening, 22c? April, 1874, at 8 o’cloek. Prominent gentlemen will address the meet ing. All interested are invited. By order of COMMITTEE OF ARRANGEMENTS. April 18.— It. SHERIFF’S ELECTION NOTICE. i WHEREAS, by an Act ol the General As sembly of Maryland, passed at the Jan uary Session, 1871, providing for submitting i to the qualified voters, in that portion of the , territory of Baltimore county, ouo mile East, one mile Wes', and two miles North of the present limits of tho city of Baltimore, for or against the proposed annexation of that por- i tion of the territory of Baltimore county above described to the city of Baltimore, notice is hereby given to tho qualiHed voters in said surveyed limits, that an election will be held in < tho various Precincts and Districts, comprised iu said limits, on Tuesday, bth day of May, IST4. The Polls will be opened at 9 o'clock A. M. . and closed at 6 o’clock P. M. The Polls will bo held at the following places : i First Precinct, Ist District, at LEWIS LEII MAN'S OFFICE. t First Precinct, 31 District, at HAMMETT HOUSE, Reisterstown Road. J First Precinct. 9th District,OLD TWO MILE 1 HOUSE. York Road, Waverly. Second Precinct, 9tb District, at HAMPDEN 1 VILLAGE. First Precinct, 12th District, at FREDERICK c ALTEVOGHT'S, Canton. r Second Precinct, 12th District, at J. HAR t MAN SCIIONE’S, Belair Rad. c 13th District, at JOHN FREDERICK’S, An- r napolis Road. s SAMUEL F. BUTLER, Sheriff' of Baltimore County. April 18.—te. New Advertisements. ITaRMERS ATTENTION !—We re now j ; paying for good, dry RYE STRAW, Four teen Dolls, per ton ol 2,000 1b5.,(514.00.) Bring in at once while price is higb. DUSHANE A GLATFELTER, Eagle Mills, near Bentley, N. C. R. R. April 18.—lm. j Farm at Private Sale. A SNUG FARM CONTAINING 106 Acres best quality land, situated about three miles northeast of Towsontown ; fine fruit and plenty of water; lime stone and iron pi ore in abundance; dwelling house, sta-JSift bling and good fencing. Apply to JOHN N. FITZSIMMONS, on the premises, or to 1 S. G. WILSON, Auctioneer, ApTH-ifh— tf. Towsontown. NOTICE. A MEETING of the Stockholders of l’arkton and Manchester R. R. Company will be | held at BECKLEYBVILLE, on Saturday , 25 th day of April, 1874, at 1 o’clock P. Id. The Stockholders and all persons favorable to said Road are requested to attend, as matters of importance will come before the meeting. The building of the Road is now a settled question. The meeting will be addressed by able speakers. LOUIS C. MYERLY, Secretary. April 18. —2t. Notice to Creditors. WILHELM A OTHERS, FN. THOMAS CURTIS A OTHERS, in the Circuit Court for Baltimore county—in equity. ORDERED in the above cause this 16th day of April, 1874, that the Trustees give notice to the creditors of Thomas Curtis, to file their claims against him, duly authenticated, with the Clerk of the Circuit Court for Baltimore county, on or before June 10 th, 1874, by pub lishing a copy of this order for three weeks in one or more newspapers published in Balti more county, before the 20th day of May. GEORGE YELLOTT. True copy—Test: JOHN BACON, Clerk. April 18.—3 t. •SAMUEL G. MY&BRO., No. 109 North Calvert Street, (9th door from the Depot.) HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS, CHINA, GLASSWARE, CUTLERY. LAMPS, OIL, !.c. MANUFACT IT II ER 8 OF Tinware A R. R. Milk Cans. Tin Roofing and Spouting. April 18,’74.-ly. “ W E EId"” -- SEWING MACHINES! Host and Cheapest in Use. Large In ducements to Cash Hiiyers. Also, have a large lot of Second-Hand Ma chines, (All Kinds) in Good Order, FROM TEN DOLLARS UPWARDS. CHANCE TO-TSSi Persons wishing to Purchase Machines I. V NELSON, 152 N. Gay Street, Baltimore. All kinds of Sewing M achines repaired in the best manner and on reasonable terms. April 18,’74.-ly. FOR SALE. A FARM CONTAINING 111 ACRES, 10 acres in wood, balance arable, on Long Green, 15 miles from Balto., laid off in 7 fields, well watered, lime stone and kiln on the property; fine young apple orchard of 100 trees in bear ing and other fruits, large stone mansion 50x25, with 10 rooms ; stabling for 8 horses and 10 cows, and other necessary outbuildings; pump near the door. A HANDSOME COUNTRY RESIDENCE, near Texas, N. C. R. R., 12 miles from Balto. by R. R., same distance by pike ; house 40x22, two stories and back building, containing 10 rooms, cellar, Ac. The lot contains about 1 acre. Plenty oi’fruit and ornamental shrubbery. Apply to HENRY L. BOWEN, Real Estate Agent, Towsontown. April IS.—tf. S. G. WILSON, Auctioneer. EXECUTORS’ SALE OF HORSES, MULES, COWS, FARMING IM PLEMENTS, AC. THE undersigned, having rented her farm, . W.H cl V)- bti * Tuesday, 28 th day of April, 1874, at 10 o’clock A. M., THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBED PERSONAL PROPERTY: A ONE FAIR FINE /-ih'jTN five years old ; 2 fine rTTN DRAFT MARKS, six old; 1 good HORSE, 1 MULE COLT, nine months old ; 6 Milch Cows, five of them fresh, four of them half Alderney; 1 thoroughbred Alderney Bull, (Pedigree giveu,) 1 three year may** old Steer, 2 yearling *Xp4icl ers, hall Alderney; mHNS ® Shotes, lot of Poultry VT J lyra —Turneys, Chickens, Ac., lotof Bacon —Hams, Shoulders, Middlings ; Meat Tubs, Ac. FARMING IMPLEMENTS, AC.: 1 four-horse Brord-Tread Wagon, 1 two or three-horse Broad-Tread Wagon, 1 one-horse Market Wagon, nearly new ; 1 Horse Cart, nearly new; 1 Wagon Body, 1 Hay Carriage, 1 Stone Bed, l Champion Reaper with Rake, used one season ; 1 Hussey Reaper, 1 Flickin ger Mower, 1 Spriug-Tooth Horse Rake, 1 Eight-Horse Threshing Machine, Grain Fan, 2 Grain Cradles, 2 Mowing Scythes, 2 Grain Drills, (Chalfant’s make,) one nearly new ; 1 Corn Dropper, 1 Field Roller, 2 Harrows, 2 Corn Shellers, Two and Three-Horse Furrow Plows, 2 One-Horse Plows, 3 Iron Shovel Plows, Cultivators, Shovels, Forks, Chains, Tribble, Double and Single Trees, Straw Cutter, 2 sets Breechings, 2 sets Lead Gears, Plow do., Bri dles, Collars, Halters, Ac. Also, lot of Corn in the car; lot of pure Cider Vinegar, lot of Lard, 2 Hives of Bees, 1 Grind Stone, 1 Iron Safe, lot of Milk Crocks, Ac. Also, 1 set of Carpenter Tools and Tool Chest; I set Blacksmith Tools, and a set of Quarry Tools, and many other ar ticles unnecessary to enumerate. TERMS OF SALE.—AII sums of $lO and un der cash ; on all sums over that amouut a cred it of six mouths will be given, purchasers giv ing notes with approved security, bearing in terest from day of sale. 5 per cent, off for cash on sums ovei $lO. ANN C. JESSOP, EDWIN JESSOP, Executors. S. G. WILSON, Auct. [April 18.—ts. NOTICE TO NEWLY APPOINT ED OFFICERS. THE following commissions were received at the Clerk’s office of the Circuit Court for Baltimore couuty, April \4th, 1874. REGISTERS. Ist District—Dr. N. R Gerry. 2d “ T —Charles Rogers. 3rd “ —Geo. 11. Elder, 4th “ —Elias C. Stocksdale. sth “ —Geo. W. Jordan, flth “ —Jas. W. McCullough. 7th “ —Eli Matthews. Bth “ —Win. Gent, Jr. 9th “ —Chas. 11. Mann, Jr. 10th '■ —Richard Hutchins. 11th “ —Edwin Jessop. 12th “ —J. Harman Sehone. 13th “ —Geo. W. Wade. CORONERS. John S. Biddison, Nathan Warfield. STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION. Dr. Samuel Kepler. JUSTICES OF TIIE PEACE. Ist District —John J. Pilert, Joshua Mellor, Lewis Lehman, Mark Mellor, Albert Smith, Orman Knight, David Feelmyer. 2d District —William P. Bennett, William McDonald, William 11. Darker. 3d District—Vim. H. Richardson, Isaac Brown, Sam’l B. Mettam, A. 11. Slade, R. E. Tidings, John Wright, Win. Pole. i 4th District —Henry Bushev, Jeremiah T. i Ducker, John N. Carroll, David L. Slade. s th District —Abram 8. Cooper, William C. Sparks, William Duncan, Noah W. Alban. fit h District —Wilson Houseman, Mordecai Alban, Bennett T. Hoshall. 7 th District— Eli S. Sampson, Henry Weir, George 11. Coney. Bth District —Joshua Cain, Aquila Galloway, ; Benj. P. Matthews, Aquila Jones. j 9 th District James H. Smith, James Miller, Win. 11. Taylor, Frank Lewis, Gideon Herbert, John P. Clarke. 10</t District —Rezin T. Smith, Thomas Kauff man, John S. Curtis. Wth District —Albert M. Brown, Henry Wal ter, John W. Burton. Sam’l Pinkerton. 12 th District—Edward Hopkins, J.G. Carter, J. D. Swayne, P. I). Burgan, N. W. Smith, Jas. 1 R. Moog. 13tA District— Thomas J English, Henry J. Rogers, F. G. F. Waltemeyer. r The parties above named are requested to come forward, qualify and receive their com missions at one- 1 , as a refusal to qualify within thirty days from the date of the receipt of the commissions by the Clerk will be taken as a refusal, and the Governor will upon notice of such neglect at onee proceed to fill the vacancy. JOHN BACON, \ Clerk Circuit Court for Baltimore County. April 18.—3 t. New Advertisements. SILK HATS! SILK HATS! BUY YOUR HATS AT COWLES & CO.’S, No. 1 W. Baltimore Street, BALTIMORE. A FULL ASSORTMENT OF Hats & Caps of the Latest Styles CONSTANTLY ON HAND. ATTENTION GIVEN to the manufacture of HATS AND CAPS TO ORDER. April 18,74.—1 v. JOHN A SON'7 DEALERS IN GLASS, PAINTS, OILS,&C. Neat’s Foot & Machine Oil. ALSO, COTTAGE SLATE PAIJYT, The most durable aud cheapest Paint in the market, both for outside and inside work. Corner of Cay and Frederick Sts., BALTIMORE, Md. Country orders promptly attended to. April 18,74. —ly. GEO. S. OLOGG, No. 2 S. Calvert Street, BALTIMORE, Md , Keeps always on hand the largest and most complete assortment of Gen tleman’s and Boys’ custom and made to measure FIRST-CLASS ||l boots and mom fl! TO BE FOUND IN THE CITY. BASE BALL SHOES BATS AND SPIKEi Also, Gents Water Proof Leggins and Riding Boots. A. SPECIALTY ! only place in tile City where BURT’S celebrated J.adic? . Misses’ and Children’s Fine French Shoes can he found. A Full Stock always on hand.-^tasp Apr. 18,74—1 y. J. A. KILCHENSTEIN ACO. (SUCCESSOR TO JOHN CRYSTAL,) N. E. Cor. Gay & Forrest Sts., DEALER in Family Groceries, Liquors, FLOUR OF ALL GRADES, FEED, AC., AC. l.'o UNTR Y Til ADE respectfully solic ited and satisfaction guaranteed. TRICE LIST: Paradise Family $9.50; Stone Mills Family $9.00; Mt. Pleasant Family $8.50; Paradise Extra $8.00; Stone Mills Extra $7.50; Mount Pleasant Extra $7.00; Paradise Super $6.50; Corn Meal per cwt . $1.50; Corn Meal, Yellow, $1.10; Yellow Corn 65 cts.; White Corn 67 cts.; Extra Middlings 40 cts.; Common Middlings 27 cts.; Brownstuff 22 cts. [Sept. 13.—1 y. To Oat and Corn Growers ! J. J. TURNER & CO.’S 4MMONIATED BONE SUPERPHOSPHATE I ANAL YSIS: Ammonia 3.18 Soluble Phosphate of Lime 23.91 Bone Phosphate of Lime 3.15 Composed of the most concentrated materials, it is richer in Ammonia and Soluble Phosphates than any other Fertilizer sold, except our “Ex celsior,” its only competitor, and is made with the same care and supervision ; uniform quali ty guaranteed; in excellent order for drilling. Packed in bags. Price SSO Per Ton. J. J. TURNER & CO., 42 Pratt street, Baltimore. March 14.-tje6. Shrewsbury Ice-Cream, Confectionery, Plain & Fancy Cakes, Bread, Pies, &c. &c. AT THE TOWSONTOWN BAKERY. DURING the Summer Months I will keep on hand the celebrated SHREWSBURY ICE CREAM, manufactured at Shrewsbury, which I will supply to FAMILIES, PARTIES, PIC-NICS, Ac., at lowest prices. Also, PLAIN and FANCY CAKES and CONFECTIONERY supplied at short notice. BREAD, PIES, ROLLS, BIS CUIT, Ac , delivered every day. LEWIS HELD, Apr. 4.—5 m. Towsontown. N o t^TcTe. THE undersigned have this day formed a co-partnership for the purpose of conduct ing the WHOLESALE GROCERY, LIQUOR A COMMISSION BUSINESS, under the style of FREELAND, HALL A CO., at the old stand, 45 SOUTH STREET, and are prepared to fur nish all articles in their line on the most fa vorable terms. All goods sold by them are guaranteed to be as represented. The senior member of the firm has been connected with the late firm of FREELAND, HALL A CO., so favorably known, for over thirty years. JAMES HALL, CALEB S. TAYLOR, W. H. COX. Baltimore, April 1, 1874. [April 11.—k. MADY A STAHN, MANUFACTURERS OF LOOKING GLASS AND EMIMEip AND DEALERS IN Cord, Tassels, Fine Chromos, Ac., 87 N Gay Street, near the Bridge, BALTIMORE, Md. Old Frames R e-O i 11. April 11,74.-ly. a. mcdonoijgh, (Formerly located at 158 Forrest St.,) No. 116 N. Howard Street, DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF METALS, &C. The Highest Market Prices Paid for OLD IRON, COPPER, BRASS, ZINC, LEAD, ROPE, BOTTLES, AND WOOLEN AND COTTON RAGS. Thankful for the patronage of Balto. county at my old stand, I hope for a continuance of the same. [Jan. 3,74. —ly. OAKLAND BOARDING SCHOOL, FALLSTON, HARFORD COUNTY, Md., G. G. CURTISS, A. M., Principal. A FEW STUDIOUS AND WELL BEHAV ED BOYS will be received for the Sum mer Term, commencing Tuesday, April 2\st, 1874. YOUNG GENTLEMEN fitted for business or for college. and Engineer ing practically taught with the best instru ments. [April 11.—3m.* FOR RENT, THE undersigned, offers for rent hisSTORE STAND at CARROLL’S ORE BANKS, in the 3d District. The DWELLING eon tains seven rooms. This is one of the best E9 stands for business in the county; goodJEA stable. Also, two acres of land attached. Apply to JOHN BOWEN, on the premises, or Stevenson P. 0., Aprill I.—3t* Baltimore county. NOTICE. ~ A QUARTERLY MEETING OF <i THE WESTERN RUN HORSE /ifcjfS THIEF DETECTIVE CO., will he f A held a' Marble Hall (Duncan’s) on Saturday, April IS th, 1874, at 2 o’clock P. M. JOHN D. MATTHEWS, April 11.—2 K Secretary. THE STALLION BROTHER J O N AT II A M C\fK WILL stand the present season at the sub scriber’s stable “BLENHEIM FARM,” near Sweet Air, Baltimore county. JN&- For particulars see handbills. JAS. N. HENEERSON. April ll.—lf. WANTED, 4 BOY, between 16 and 17 years old, to learn TINNING AND SHEET IRON HKINU. Apply to WM. H. EMORY, April 11.—2 t. Towsontown. | Property Sales. TRUSTEES’ SALE OF A VALUABLE FARM, IN THE FIFTH ELECTION DISTRICT OF BALTIMORE COUNTY. BY virtue of a decree of the Circuit Court for Baltimore county, sitting as a Court of equity, passed on the 9th day of April, A. D. 1874, in a cause pending in said Court, where in Daniel Wilhelm and others were eomplai a nants, and Thomas Curtis aud otb ers were defendants, iho undersign - ed, Trustees, appointed by said de- "fXL/* cree, will offer at public sale, on the premises, on Monday, May 4 th, 1874, at 1 o’clock P. M., ALL THAT FARM UPON WHICH THOMAS CURTIS NOW RESIDES, situated in the sth District of Baltimore coun ty, on the Falls Road, about 24 miles (rum the city of Baltimore, about one aud a half miles from the White House aud two miles from Beckleysville, and containing EIGIITY-TWO ACRES OF LAND, MORE OR LESS. This farm contains all those parts of tracts or parcels of laud situute, lying and being in Baltimore county aforesaid, the same being and comprehending part of tract of land called “Britton’s Range,” and part of a tract called “Addition to Britton’s Range,” which said fiarts of tracts or parcels of land are particu arly described by metes and bounds, courses and distances in a deed of conveyance from William Curtis and wife to Thomas Curtis, bearing date the second day of November, in the year 1863, which said deed is recorded among the Land Records of Baltimore couuty in Liber J. H. L., No. 40, folio 80, Ac. ALSO, ALL T HAT OTIIERLOT,PIE CEO It PARCEL OF LAND embracing parts of the following named tracts, to wit: “William’s Lot,”“Bor ing’s Chance,” “Rocky Point,’’“Pleasant Val ley” and “Cold Bottom,” which said parts of tracts or parcels of tracts or parcels of land is particulaily described in a deed from Robert Royston and wife to Thomas Curtis, hearing date the first day of April, in the year 1859, which said deed is recorded among the Land Records of Baltimore county, in Libor G. 11. C., : No. 26, folio 366, Ac., as by reference thereto ( will more fully and at large appear, excepting so much thereof as has been sold by the said ! Thomas Curtis to Edward Royston, John A. Price and Frederick Zeak, aud about sixteen and a-half acres thereof, which the said Curtis sold and agreed to convey to Edward C. Roys , ton, November 20th 1871. The property is improved by A GOOD DWELLING' HOUSE, and the necessary outbuildings. There is an abundance of good water on it. Also a good Orchard. Churches, Schools and Mills are > convenient. The Terms of Sale as prescribed by he de cree are—One-half cash on the ratification of the sale, and the balance in two equal install ments at six and twelve months, the deferred payments to bear interest from the day of sale aud to he secured by satisfactorily indorsed notes, or all cash, at the option of the pur chaser. < Fifty Dollars of the cash payment will B be required to be paid on the day of sale. 1 ROBT. R. BOARMAN,) > S. PARKER BOSLEY, 1 Trustees. JOHN I. YELLOTT, j > GEORGE W. JORDAN, Auctioneer. 9 April 11.—ts. ■ TRUSTEE’S SALE * OF A VALUABLE FARM, NEAR THE PHILADELPHIA TURNPIKE, I AND ! NEAR CHASES STATION ON THE LINE OF P. W. A B. RAILROAD, IN THE 12TH DIST., BALTIMORE COUNTY. BY virtue of a decree of the Circuit Court for Baltimore county, in equity, passed in s a cause in which William A. Meeks and others - | .. were complainants and Ellen C. FfXrr h EBMeeks and others were defendants, SaP - Xiftthe undersigned, Trustee, will sell "'fjfc, ;. at public sale, on the premises, on Saturday, May the 2d, 1871, at 2 o’clock P. M., ALL THAT TRACT OR PARCEL OF LAND IN MIDDLE RIVER NECK, BALTI MORE COUNTY, on the south side of Bird River and between Nottingham Creek and Owiugs" Creek, and ad joining the lands of William R. Asher and oth !* ers, being the same tract of land which was conveyed by deed to Caroline Meeks from So phia Jones, bearing date the tenth day of No * vember, A. D. 1853, and duly recorded among the land records of Baltimore county in Liber £ G. H. C., No. 23, folio 538, Ac., containing 1 150 ACRES OF LAND, MORE OR LESS, !> TWO STORY DWELLING HOUSE, stabling, dairy, wagon shed, corn house aud all other buildings belonging to a well con ducted farm. This property is conveniently located on the line of Philadelphia, Wilmington aud Balti more Railroad, about two miles from Chase’s Station, and three miles from the turnpike. It contains about 40 ACRES OF WOODLAND, a is well watered and has a good ducking and ” fishing shore. *. Terms of sale as prescribed by decree—Oue J halt Cash, balance in nine and twelve months, ’ or all cash at the option of the purchaser. De ferred payments to bear interest from day of sale and to be secured to the satislaction of e Trustee. For further particulars, apply to JOSEPH W. EARL, Trustee, ’ Chase’s Station, Baltimore county, r or W. FRANK MITCHELL, Attorney, Towsontown. WM. DUNCAN, Auct. [April 11.—ts. TRUSTEE’S SALE OF A HOUSE AND LOT ON THE HIL LEN ROAD, NEAR TO VVSONTOWN. 1 T) Y virtue of a decree, passed by the Circuit I) Court for Baltimore county, sitting in equi ty, on the 25th day of March A. D., 1874, the undersigned, Trustee, will offer for sale at pub lie auction, at the Court House door in Tow sontown, on Saturday, May 2d, 1871, at 12 o'clock M. } ALL THAT PIECE OR PARCEL OF LAND, M described in a deed from Benjamin FyL. N. Payne and wife to Dauiel Harris, (except about 26J perches of land on . which the colored school house is situated,) dated on or about the 18th day of September, 1853, situated on the Ilillen road, about a quar ter of a mile from Towsontown, improved by a SMALL LOG, ONE-STORY AN.D ATTIC DWELLING HOUSE, with a Frame Shed attached, containing about ONE ACRE AND 13* PERCHES OF LAND, MORE OR LESS. There is an excellent spring of water at the door and a small stream runs through the lot. It would make a good home for oue oi small means. . TERMS OF SALE.—One-half of the pur chase money cash on the day of sale or the rat ification thereof, and the balance insix month?. The credit payment to be secured by endorser to satisfaction of the Trustee. For further particulars, apply to Trustee, at f U. S. Court House, Baltimore city. A. STIRLING, Jn., Trustee. ■ S. G. WILSON, Auctioneer, i April 4.-ts. VALUABLE FARM, In the Bth District, at Private Sale. THE undersigned offers at private sale, his FARM, situated in the Bth Election Dis trict, Baltimore county, on the county road leading from the Y’ork.turnpike to the Western jrfg. Run turnpike, about three miles . lowest of said York turnpike, adjoin- the lands of Thomas Cockey,jKilL John Ensor of A., and Sarah Price. This farm contains about 138 ACRES, more or less, in a good stateof cultivation, well watered and heav ily timbered; a good portion of the timber is thrif ty Chestnut, ready foruse. The improvements consist of a substantial STONE DWELLING and good FRAME BARN with Stabling at tached, and other necessary outbuildings. A good spring of water at the door, aud an excel lent Dairy. Persons desiring to purchase a good farm would do well to call aud view this property. Terms made to suit the purchaser. Persons wishing to view the farm can call upon Mr. H. C. Cole, or address mo at Ellengowan P. 0., Baltimore county. A. COLE of L. Feb. 21.—tf. A TRACT OF WOODLAND IN BALTIMORE COUNTY, AT PRIVATE SALE. THE undersigned, as Executors of the es tate of the late John Mast, deceased, offer at private sale a TRACT OF WOODLAND, containing 29 ACRES and 33 PERCHES, situated in Long Green Valley, about 14 miles from Baltimore and adjoining the lands of John T. B. Parlett, Jacob K Mast aud George W. Yellott. The tract is heavily Tim bered with Chestnut, Oak and Hickory, aud is a very desirable piece of property. The Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York railroad, now in course of construction, passes immediately ny the premises. Terms will bo made to suit purchaser. JOHN KENNELL, JACOB K. MAST, March 14-.tJe 1,74. Executors. License Notices. SHERIFF’S LICENSE NOTICE. NOTICE TO MERCHANTS, TRADERS, AND OTHERS. ALL persons and bodies corporate or poli tic, in Baltimore county, who are or shall be exercising any business, or shall he doing any actor thing, or shall he iu the occupation of any house or place for any purpose lor which a license is made necessary by the lawsol Ma ryland, are hereby warned to obtain a Li cense, or renew the same, On or before the first of May ensuing, under the penalty prescribed by said laws lor the infraction theret f. Those interested are notified of the follow ing requirements ol the License Laws. TRADERS' LICENSES. The amount to he paid by traders lor a li cense, (the amount of stock at the principal season of sale to he given under talh,) is as follows : If the applicant’s stock iu trade does not exceed $1,900 $ 12.60 Overs 1,000 and not over $ 1,500 15.60 1,500 ‘ 2,500 18.60 .< 2,500 “ 4,000 22.60 4,000 “ 6,000 30 60 “ 6,000 “ 8,000 40.00 B,OOO “ 10,000 60.60 “ 10,000 “ 16,000 66.60 15,000 “ 20,000 80.60 “ 20,000 “ 30,000 100.60 < 30,000 “ 40,000 125.60 “ 40,000 150.60 The applicant must either make oath, as heretofore, before the'Clerk ol the Circuit Court of the county where he is engage i in business, of the amount ol goods kept on hand-at the principal season of sale, or the oath may be administered by a Justice of the Peace, when the person wanting a license applies through an agent. Persons may sell salt to cure fish in March, April and May, without license. Venders ol cakes and venders of beer aud cider, who are the makers of such beer and cider, (lager laser excepted,) are not required to pay liceuse. LICENSES TO ORDINARIES AAD TAV ERN KEEPERS. The license to ordinaries aud Uveru keep ers to sell spirituous aud fermented I‘quors, or lager beer, in quantities less than u pint, at any one time, are as follows, the applicant to make oath betore the Clerk as to the rate ol rent or annual value of the house at or in which the business to be authorized by the li cense may be done, or intended to be done : If the rental or annual value is not Over $ 100 $ 26 .60 “ 100 and not over $ 200 40.60 “ 200 “ 300 55.60 “ 300 “ 400 60.60 “ 400 5OO 70.60 *• 500 “ 750 90.60 750 “ 1,000 100.60 “ 1,900 “ 2 000 150 60 “ 2,000 “ 3,000 180.60 “ 3,00(1 “ 5,000 250.60 “ 5,000 “ 10,000 400.60 “ 10,000 460.60 LICENSES TO RETAILERS OF SPIRIT UOUS OR FERMENTED LIQUORS OR LAGER REER. The amounts of license to be paid by retail ers of spirituous and fermented liquors and le ger oeer are us follows : If the value ot the slock in trade be SSOO or less $ 18.00 ove r $ 600 35.60 From 1,000 to $ 2,000 5U.0 “ 2,000 to 4,000 75.60 “ 4,000 to 6,000 100.60 “ 6,000 to 10,000 120.60 “ 10,000 to 20,000 130 60 “ 20,000 to 30,000 140.60 Over 30,000 150 60 OYSTER AND EATISG HOUSES. ' The license to be paid by the keepers of oys ter and eating houses is $50.60 throughout the State. Females vending millinery and other small articles, whose stock is not over SSOO, pay a li ’ cense of $6.60 only ; but if over that amount i they are required to pay the same license as other persons —oath to be made as to the > amount of stock at the principal season of the i year. LICENSES TO OWNERS AND KEEPERS OF STALLIONS AND JACKS. The owner or keeper of every stallion or jack shall, before being permitted to stand or sta * tiou such animal, pay to the Clerk of the Cir cuit Court of some one ol the counties in this State, the highest sum which he intends to ask or receive for the season of one mare; and the [ receipt of the said Clerk, with the seal ol his Court attached thereto for said sum, shall he ’ the license for stationing or standing such ’ stallion or jack for one year from the date thereof; provided, that in no case shall the sum directed to be paid by this section for ’ such license be less than ten dollars ; and that every stallion or jack upon which the said tax is paid shall be exempt from all other State N. B.—By instructions received from the l Treasury Department at the Clerk’s office, all persons applying for a license of any kind, ex cept marriage licenses, which are the same as heretofore,) will hereafter have to pay the fee ‘ of fifty cents for issuing the same, making a ’ total of sixty cents as stated above. ’ The fee of fifty cents has heretofore been charged to the State. SAMUEL F. BUTLER, Sheriff of Baltimore County. [ March 28.—td. NOT XC E. ; U. S. INTERNAL REVENUE f SPECIAL TAXES, May 1, 18T4, to April 30, 1875. THE Law of December 24, 1872, requires every person engaged in any business, av ocation, or employment which renders him lia ble to a Special Tax, TO PROCURE AND PLACE CONSPICU-. OUSLY IN HIS ESTABLISHMENT OR PLACE OF BUSINESS a Stamp denoting the payment of said SPE CIAL TAX for the Special Tax year begin ning May 1, 1874, before commencing or con tinuing business after April 30, 1874. THE TAXES EMBRACED WITHIN THE PROVISIONS OF THE LAW ABOVE Q UOTED ARE IHE FOLLO WING , VIZ: Rectifiers $200.00 Dealers, retail liquor 25.00 ' Dealers, wholesale liquor 100.00 Dealers in malt liquors, wholesale 50 00 Dealers in malt liquors, retail 20.00 Dealers in leaf tobacco 25.00 Retail dealers in leaf tobacco 500.00 And on sales of over SI,OOO, fifty cents for every dollar in excess of SI,OOO. Dealers in manufactured tobacco 5.00 Manufacturers of stills 50.00 And for each still manufactured 20.00 And for each worm manufactured 20.00 Manufacturers of tobacco 10.00 Manufacturers of cigars 10.00 Peddlers of tobacco, first class (more than two horses) 50.00 Peddlers of tobacco, second class (two horses) 25.00 Peddlers of tobacco, third class (one horse) 15.00 Peddlers of tobacco, fourth class (on foot or public conveyance) 10.00 Brewers of I6ss than 500 barrels 50.00 Brewers of 500 barrels or more 100.00 Any person, so liable, who shall fail to com ply witn the foregoing requirements will he subject to the severe penalty of 50 per cent, ad ditional, besides prosecution. Persons or firms in the sth,6th, 7th, 9th,lotb, 11th and 12th Districts of Baltimore County, lia ble to pay any of the special taxes named above must apply to JAMES McINTIRE, Collgoter of Internal Revenue, at the Custom House, Baltimore, and pay for and procure thg spe cial tax stamp or stamps they need, prior to May 1, 1874, and without further notice. J. IV. DOUGLASS, Commissioner of Internal Revenue. Office of Internal Revenue, Washington, D. C-, February 16, 1874.) [March 28. —4w. Tin. W are, (PLAIN AND JAPANNED,) WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. Housekeeping Articles, Stoves, Ranges, Ac., Ac. METALIC ROOFIEG A SPOUTING. Railroad Milk Cans a Specialty.. &®,Country trade solicited and all orders faithfully executed. DAUTERICH A ECK, 68 E. Baltimore St., near Exeter, March 28,74. —ly. Baltimore, Md. john f. McConnell, Practical Plumber & Gas Fitter,. Manufacturer of and Dealer in WATER WHEELS, HYDRAULIC RAMS, DOUBLE AND SINGLE ACTION Force Pumps ORNAMENTAL FOUNTAINS, BATH TUBS, WATER CLOSETS, COOKING RANGES, AC., AC., N. W. Cor. Howard & Madison Sts., BALTIMORE, Md. Country work a specialty, and will receive prompt and personal attention. [Jan 34.—1 y.