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EDITED DY DUFF GREEN.
THURSDAY, APRIL 2, "MO PROSPECTUS THE PILOT, Extra.—™ is paper will be pub lished once a week, in pamphlet form, and double royal size, from the Ural of Ma> until the 15th of November, and be devoted exclusively to the Pre sidential election. vv'll furnish a chenp and effi cient means of distributing documents, facts and arguments bearing oil the contest, and at the price •f one dollar. Tippecanoe Clubs—Whig associations, and es pecially the Whig Young Men are requested to act a9 our agents in obtaining subscribers.—The papeis, friendly to the cause are requested to send us theirs in exchange and to insert this Prospectus. desiring to obtain subscribers can cut this prospectus from the paper and attach it to a sheet of blank paper- DUFF GREEN- Baltimore, 2nd April, IS4O. The dress ofthe present number of the PILOT, is not what it will be, if the expectations of the Editor be realized. Arrangements have been made for the printing, but it was not deemed expedient to incur the expence of a new fount of types until we had first ascertained how the paper will be received. Should the subscription justify its continuance the second number will appear next week, and a new fount will enable us to improve the appearance.— The friends of the paper are therefore requested to make an earnest effort to obtain subscribers, and to hand in their lists at the earliest possible day. The first number ol'the PILOT is notv before the public, and the second will follow as soon as a sufficient subscription is obtained to warrant its continuance. To the Central Committee, to the Convention, —to the members of the Legis lature, and the you tip men, who have given us kind assurances of support, we would return our acknowledgments, and respectfully ask them and all those who desire the success o' the paper, to aid in filling our list at as early a d.iy as possible. It will be seen that our first number contains but few advertisements. If the assurances which we have received of an extensive circti- t lation in this city and the District of Columbia, as well as in the South and West, be realised, the PILOT will equal any other medium lor ad vertisements. We hope to issue our next I on Tuesday, „ud would respectfully request ad- j verti3ements to be banded in early on Monday, i Members of Congress who may desire to take trie PILOT for distribution, are informed that the first number will be kept standing, and new editions published to meet any orders that may reach us by Saturday morning. The pa per will be delivered to them in Washington at two dollars per hundred copies. We owe an tip >logy lor the dress in which the PILOT makes its first appearance. Time and a liberal patronage, will enable us to im prove it. In getting- out a first number, we labor un der much disadvantage The details ofthe of fice are tube arranged, and our Correspondence and Exchanges to be organised. —This howe ver will 3oon be accomplished, and in this res lied we may anticipate facilities which others having less acquaintance and experience could not command. It will beseen bv the Resolutions recommen datory that the PILOT has received in advance the confidence of the party. The Editor is aware that for this generous expression in its favor, he is indebted to a kind and indulgeni estimate of the services expected of Jiitri—to enable him to meet these expectations it is in dispensable that his labors shall be seconded by tsomething more substantial than good will. If at he present moment when the organization of the party throughout the country is in progress there should be a concerted effort to p ace the Pdot in a condition to render ihe most iffieiem service to the cause in which it is embaiktd. Ii could be most easily accomplished through the corresdonding and other Whig committees, and the Tippecanoe and other Harrison associa tions. To the Whig Young Men especially, the Editor looks with confidence, and he invites them to take the matter in hand, it is desira ble that the subscription lo the Extra should be immediately filled up, and that lists of sub scribers should be returned at the earliest day possible. The Extra will be twice the size ol the daily,or nearly so, and devoted exclusively to the Presidential Election. DQ-Subscription but one dollar! The daily will, for a short time, be forwarded to country subscribers. The sheet will then be enlarged, so as lo contain the reading matter of the daily paper. Advertisements will appear in the countiy as well as daily paper. The following Resolutions unanimously i adopted by the Central Committee have been i handed to us lor insertion in the Pilot: i WHEREAS General Duff Green having it in t contemplation to establish a paper in the City of Baltimore, to be called the PILCT, has issued a prospectus, by which he has made known his determination to advocate the elec tion of Gen. Harrison In the Presidency.of the United States, and of John Tyler of Virginia, to the Vice Presidency, and whereas, he lias further in said Prospectus, declared his hostility to the measures of the present administration ■ ifthe General Government, and avowed his purpose to maintain Ihrouuh the Piiot, his op position to the same : and whereas many lend ing members of Congress, friendly to the elec tion of Harrison and Tyler, have expressed their approbation of the design of Gen. Green, to establish the pa|ter above mentioned ; as have, also, the Whig members of the present Gene ral Assembly of Maryland, and many other staunch friends to the whig cause; And where as this Central Committee, concurring in the opinion that the Pilot may be rendered, a use ful auxilliarv to the friends ol Gen. Harrison and of John Tyler, in this state, have reported to the Harrison Convention their approbation ' of the establishment of the said paper, and have recommended it to the support and patronage of all the friends of Harrison and Tvler in this city, so long as its course shall conform to the sentiments attd wishes of the party ; And whereas, the Convention have considered and adopted the said report of this Central Com mittee : Therefore be it Resolved, That the PILOT, a paper to be very soon issued under thedeitor >hip of Gen. Durf Green, be, and it is hereby recommended to tiie patronage and support of the friends of Gen. Harrison and John Tyler throughout the City of Baltimore and State of Maryland. And be it further Resolved , That the Central Committee will continue to recommend the said paper to the patronage and support of the friends of Harrison and Tyler as long as the course pursued by its editor shall conform to the sentiments and wishes of the parly on whose behalf the Central Committee are empowered to act. Signed, Bv order GEO W. KREBS, Sec. After the absence of some years I find myself again seated at the desk. The crisis in our public affairs demands of every citizen that he should con tribute what he can, towards Good Government. That there is wrong somewhere, none will deny,— to ascertain where that wrong is and to apply the proper remedy is a public duty.—To do this we must calmly consider the conduct of our public ser vants, and approve or condemn as our judgments, enlightened by exp rience and reason, may decide. For some years I have been a careful and deeply interested observer of events, and being convinced that there is no hope of restoring prosperity to the country but in defeating the reelection of Mr. Van Buren, I would contribute what I may towards do ing so. No one can be more sensible how much I am deficient in many of the varied qualifications, indispensable to an efficient and acceptable discharge of the duties, assumed, but 1 am emboldened by the reflection, that I embark in a good cause, and that much will be excused in the advocate, for the sake of the cause. The Pilot will be courteous and respectful to po litical opponents. It will rely on truth and reason and address these to the understanding and good sense of the peoplo. It is time that industrious, honest and laboring men should pause in their blind devo tion to party leaders, and thinking for themselves, take the Government into their own hands. MARYLAND. —This siate is under the eye of the federal executive and every engine of patronage will be exerted to carry it against the peoples' candidate. The price of liberty is eternal vigilance, and well may the patriot tremble, if with such candidates and under such circumstances the power of patronage shall subdue the voice of freedom. Among the many expedients for acting on the public mind is the selection of Marshalls and Deputies to take the next census. The government agents will go into every house and distribute every where the hundreds of thousands of federal pamphlets. How is this to be counteracted? Is there any other hope but in the people themselves? We are gratified to find that the people are awakened, and that an energetic and efficient organization is going on, especially in Mary land. We publish to-day the proceedings of the young men of Montgomery, and will be obliged to friends in other counties who will forward to us similar proceedings, that they may lie put on record, and that the young Whigs may thus stimulate each other in the good work. PARTY NAMES.—No man understands the value of a name better than Mr. Van Buren. Feel ing a deep and abiding mortification at his own ori gin, he has at all times courted the society of the wealthy aristocracy—and yet he claims to be a democrat, and at the head of the Democratic party. We would ask the deluded people who have been tbe dupes of his intrignes, whether there ever was, in any country a more absolute Despotiaml We ask tbem to designate a single principle on which the party, now in power, are identified with De- mocracyf So far from respecting popular will, — so far from making the public good the-r rule of action, the people are leil without any other wiil than that which cminatea from authority. What member of Congress dares offend the Globe? W hat aspirant to executive or even popular favor can sus tain himself under the Globe's official denunciation? The mandates, of the Globe, then constitute the creed of the party. It will be our purpose to show that under this potent influence, the Demoorncy of yesterday is made the Federelisin of to-day, while the Federalism is to-day becomes whitewashed De mocracy for to-morrow And who is it that thus sports with the reputa tions of men, the liberties of the people, and the prosperity of the country? Are they not the hired and pensioned instruments of a corrupt and remorse less faction, having no claims to tho confidence, bnt on the contrary deserving the scorn of an abused and injured peeple? 11 IF he n wicked men rule lite people suffer There is nothing more striking in the histo ry of nations than the truth we have quoted It has been true of all people, but peculiarly so of those who have enjoyed the special favors of the Almighty. Next to his chosen people the Jews, has his goodness been manifested unto us—our land has been the refuge of the oppre.-sed—the stranger has made his home among us, and we have been called blessed among all nations. How is it now? Are we a bve-word and a reproach? Has the patriot in other countries hushed his praises? Have those who are persecuted (or the sake of Li berty ceased to look here for an asylum? Does the monarchist point to our present unexampled condition as a prool that the people arc unfit to govern theiiselve-? Ami whv is it. so?— Hear what tl>e Prophet Isaiah said: 4 How is the faithful city become a harlot 1 j it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in fit; but now MURDERERS. "Thv princes are rebellious, and companions of THIEVES; entry one loveth g'fls, and fol loireth REWARDS; they judge not the FA THERLESS, ueillii r dotu the cause of the WIDOW come unto then-. "Therefore saith Lord, the Lord of Hosts the the mighty one of l-rael, Ah, I will ease nie ol mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine en mies." Such was the language of the inspired wri ter, —such his lament over the sins of Israel. How is it with us? Do we not see the THIEF sitting in high places and giving law to the people? Do we not see him, tie companion of our princes? Do we not see hint whose hand are red with bis brothers blood—who, in the eyesol'God and man, is a murderer, usurping the place of righteousness and of judgment? And if for such offences the Jews were carried away into captivity—their city destroyed and their habitations made desolate, how can we who, next to the Jews hive b.eu the most fa vored people, expect to escape punishment? Indeed, we of all people are most responsible Ibr the conduct arid character of our public servants. In other countries men are born to place, and the people must achieve relbrmation by blood. With us the people select their own servants. If then nations who inherit their rulers, are punished Ibr their sins, how can we escape, if we voluntarily place thieves and murderers in authority? CHESAPEAKE &. OHIO CANAL. We find in the Post, the Ibllowing artile on the subject of this canal. CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL. —The bill to aid in the completion of this work to Cumber land, and which was reported in a spiritofcom promise by the joint committee of conference of ttie two houses, was taken up on Friday night by the House ui Delegates, and aliei much discussion was passed. On Saturday morning it was sent to the Senate. Upon its reception by that body it was referred to the committee on finance. Shortly afterwards, Mr. Purnell, chairman, from the majority of the committee reported unfavorably thereon. Col. Ely dissenting. On the final passage of the bill, the following was the vote: Affirmative—Messrs. Potts, president pro tern , Evans, Ely, Martin, Matthews, of A., Maulsbv, Scott and Wason—B. Negative—Messrs. Beckett, Donoho, Golds borough, oI'D; Magruder, Pratt, Purnell, Pratt, Purnell, Stewart, Turner—B. From which it will be seen, that all the whigs voted against the hill except the president pro. tern. Mr. Potts, whilst all the democrats voted lor it. In order to place this subject in a clear and proper light before the people of Maryland, we deem it necessary and important to recur to its history in the senate- A message was sent by the House proposing a joint committee of con ference. Immediately upon the receipt of this message the President named a committee, con sisting of Messrs. Magruder, Purnell, Mat thews, of Alleghany, Maulsby and Turner. They were no sooner announced than Mr. Ma gruder rose and asked to be excused, upon the ground that the proceeding was unconstitu tional. Then Messrs. Purnell and Turner, (Whigs) begged also to be excused, which was granted. Leaving hut Messrs. Matthews, of Alleghany, and Maulsby (Democrats) on the committee. * The chair then named Messrs. Wason, Goldsborough of D. ano Goldsborough of Queen Anne's. The two latter gentlemen declined serving. Mr. Goldsborough of Queen Anne's upon the ground that he was conqielted to leave the seat of government in the steam boat which was then upon the eve of depart ing—Messrs. Martin and Scott were then I named and consented to serve. The commit ' tee then consisted of Messrs. Matthews, of A., Ma dishy, Wason, Martin aim Scott. From this it will he seen that the party having a ma jority refused to on operate with the hous< After the rejection of the hill be lore alluded to, Mr. Matthewsof Alleghany, proposed the All owing message: '•The Senate having rejected the bill passed by your house, which originated ita the c imiiiittee of conference appointed hy the two houses, proposing relief to the Chesapeake and Ohio Cunsil Company, and deeming the pas sage of some hill Ibr the prosecution of that great woik to the town of Cumherland to be of the most vital importance to sustain the cre dit of the Stale and to promote the public in terest, we propose with the concurrence of your honorable body to raise another joint commit tee on this subject, hoping that some measure nay he devised which wi>l be acceptable to the Senate. We do most respectlullv ask your favorable attention of the same. We have tip pointed Messrs, to join such gentlemen as you may name, to compose that committee. Winch was voted down bv the same vote, showing conclusively that the whigs opposed and intended to oppose, no matter how reason able, any measure which had Ibr its object the completion of this work to a profitable termin us. " This rejection, we are informed, will lend materially to injure, if it do not entirely stop ih s work. But its ill effects do not stop here, it will have a powerful tendency in depressing in value the bonds of the Siate now in the market, and injure if not entirely annihilate its credit at home and abrond For such a catas trophe in the affairs of Maryland, its citizens must and will hold this Senate responsible.— Annap. Herald. Comment. It is greatly to he regretted that a question so deeply affecting the interests of the state should he treated on party grounds. That it was not strictly a parly measure will appear by the vote in both houses, although Mr. Thomas the President, did succeed in bringing to his aid a strong party vote. While we make this ad mission in candor und fairness to Mr. Thomas, it is equally due to those who opposed the ap propriation that the grounds of their opposi tion flhnulu be fairly stated; that the responsibil- Iv may rest, as it should do, on those by whom the appropriation was defeated. And while Mr. Thomas' [tolilical opponents admit that he made an extraordinary party rally lor the bill, they nevertheless hold him. an him alone, re sponsible lor the deleat of the appropriation. In the first place they charge that there was culpable delay in bringing lorward the bill for the appropriation, that when it was repoted it made no provision lor the payment of the in terest due to the state, and that it placed the whole fund in the hands of Mr. Thomas to be disposed oi as he might deem expedient. It was argued that there had been a great sacrifice ol the state bonds by die company, and that Mr.Thomas's friends by a striet patty vote, had refustd to require him to submit to the House of Delegates his correspondence with the states' agent in London, showing riie manner in which the stock had been n.sposed of; and that in addition to these objections tie had, in his letter in reply to the Treasurer, re fused to paythe interest on the canal debt. Un der these circumstances it was ins-sited that the bonds of the state .appropriated in aid of the ca na',should be sold by the commissioner ofLoans, and so much as was required for the prosecu tion of the work paid over to the company, and the balance retained until the company had pud up the interest due ( n the canal debt. Tii tnis Mr. Thomas objected thai the ap propriation would not be available; that unless the bonds were placed under his control, lie would be compelled to disband the force on the line of the canal, lor he would not make a con tract unless he had the means of payment, it was proposed by Mr. Bowie and Mr. Tuck that the company should issue scrip redeema able in the slate honds. To this Mr. Thomas objected that his party friends were committed against the issue of scrip as a currency. In this stage of the question the conference referred to, in the article before us, was moved by Mr. England. The speaker, in violation of parliamentary usage, appointed a majority opposed to the appropriation; and in confer ence, the bill, as reported, was carried by Mr. Thomas' political friends, appointed on the part of the senate. Mr. England told them that he was for the appropriation, that he preferred the proposition submitted by Mr. Tuck, of which we will presently speak, but that he would re port and advocate the bill of the majority il it was the bill which could pass both houses, and he did'his duty ably and faithfully. No friend of Mr. Thomas gave a more decided or effi cient advocacy to the measure. The bill thus reported passed the House and was lost in the Senate as slated. At the same time that Mr. England report-.! Ed the bill from the majority of the committee I of conference, Mr. Tuck reported, a bill, similar in all rtspects, except that it placed the bonds of tin? state in the hands of the states' commis sioner of loans, to be sold by him, and the pro ceeds paid over to the company—and to pro vide for all contingencies, the commission was authorised to fud the scrip of the company, in case he could not sue lor money at par. It was in vain that Mr. Tuck, Mr. Bowie, Mr. Gal- j iher, anil other friends of the canal, urged the I friends of Mr. I Romas to take this bill, lvl vns in vain that they declared their desire to*> vote for an appropriation. It was in vain that • tlicv "xpressed their apprehension that the ap prno' alion could not |>ass the senate in the sha|>e it passed tlie House. '1 he bill passed, and was rejected in the senate. When the hill passed the House, Mr. I uck s bill was, with ttie other bills on the table, re ferred to the next General Assembly. As soon as the House was notified of the rejection ot the bill bv the senate, Mr. Tuck moved lore consider the vote referring his bill to the next General Assembly; this motion was defeated by insisting on rules of order, nod confused de bate; none taking so acti- e a pnrl as twool'Mr Thomas' political friends. Mr. Bowie then moved a resolution, pledging the slate to com plete she canal, whenever Congress should pass a law authorising a transfer to the slate of the slock held by the federal government. This was resisted on strict party grounds, because it contained an alternative proposition pledging the state in like manner, if Congress should au thorise a subscription to (lie canal. 11 wa . i gued that the parly was pledged against Inter nal Improvements by the federal government. It was in vain that Mr. Bowie and Mr. Tuck urged that they would amend the reso lution • so as to strike out the alternative, ob jected to. The party would permit nothing to he done, and it was ruled that the Resolution must lie upon the table one day, and it was therefore defeated. M ■. Tumors' p iri v friends taking the most decided stand against it. Mr. England then moved a second committee of conference, Mr. Thomas having, in the mean time, consented to accept of Mr. Tuck's bill modified so as to authorise the commissioner to x liauge Uir slate bonds for "evidences of the debt of the company" instead of scrip of the company. A modification suggested by the opposition of his jiarty to an issue of scrip—a distinction without a difference, and which the Whigs of the House and of the Senate, (those at least who were for the appropriation) would have accepted at any time, and which, if it had been conceded the day before would have secured the appropriation. But Hiis proposition too was defeated. It was in vain that Mr. Bowie,Mr, Tuck and Mr England urged the party to flaiise and reflect 011 the disnsier and roin that must follow an adjournment without an appropriation. It was iu vain that Mr. Bowie ap| ta'ed to Mr. Tho mas's political friends, urging them to rise above considerations of party and to act and vote as citizens ol Maryland. It was in vain that Mr. Thomas himself urged some of his friends to accept of' Mr. Tuck's bill as proposed to be modified. The party bad as they sup posed thrown the responsibility on the Whig Senate, a id they ca red nothing for the interest of the stale so that they could profit their party. We ask for this plain statement of facts a careful consideration. We know that by an extraordinary effort, Thomas rallied a st ong interest fr his bill. We say /its. bill, because it was the bill wl ich his political friends adopted as his measure, hut at the same time that his political friends rallied for him, it was apparent that as soon as they had placed the question in a position where they supposed they could make political capital out 11 it, they were content. Yea, many of them were resolved to defeat any appropriation—regard less of any sacrifice of the credit or interests of the state so that they could derive a party pro fit out of the states' disasters. With what Cane then can the party MOW come? forward and charge upon the Whigs the deleat of the appropriation? If the measure had been brought forward at an earlier day, the appropriation would have passed. II Mr Thomas had given explanations, and conced ed what he afterwards did concede, the appro priation would have been carried. But no, his friend, Mr, Mason, acting for him, would take no appropriation but in the shape that he sup posed would be acceptable to Mr. Thomas; and the appropriation was defeated, because the party supposed it had been so managed, as that they could make political capital out of it. Since the above was written out, we have read the remarks of the Republican and the article quoted from the Frederick Citizen.— To our neighbor we will have a word to say, and the article in the Citizen will receive the notice due to the nigh source from whence it eminated. To much that is there said wenios hearlly respond and especially to the senti ment that this great work shall terminate with in our slate. If Mr. Thomas anil his friends will meet us in that spirit, there will be no diffi culty in saving the honor and credit of tin' state. We only regret that they did not so act when their action would have given all that they now ask. RICHARD J. MATCHETT, BOOKANDJOB PRINTER,