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EDITED BY DUFF GREEN.
MONDAY, APRIL 13, 1810. FOR PRESIDENT. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON. FOR VICE-PRESIDENT. JOHN TYLER. THE TEN HOUR SYSTEM. If we were to credit the cicular, issued o.i the first day of April, (and those must be Apiil lbcU "indeed, who are caught by such a trick.) ihf. President intends to put his policy in contrast with the latge manufacturers, who, under the pressure of the timcs.have been compelled by his measures, to reduce wages.—And what has e done? He has issued a circnla, declaring that laborers employed under the immediate anthori ly of himself and the heads of Departments shall be required to work only the number of hoars prescribed by the ten hour system. T ''' IS 3 great boon indeed ! This - is mercy wit a en "eanee 1 The President has adopted a system ot measures, which was advocated by his partisans and opposed by his opponents, upon the ground that it would compel a reduction of wages, and when the consequences foretold by his friends, j and resisted by his opponents, come upon us: | when the laborer stands idle, and the widow and the orphan perish in want, the President comes forward on- the first day of April, as if to deride and to mock the sufferings of the people, and or ders that those who are employed under the im mediate authority of himself and the Depart- xnents, shall work but ter. hours! And we would ask the laboring man, who has, not the privilege to be under the "immediate au thority" of the President bow he is benefited by this order of the first of April ? Does it enable the merchant to purchase a cargo, that he may em ploy one more drayman ? Does it enable the car penter to put up a single house, that he may em ploy a single additional laborer ? Does it enable the Miller to purchase a single grain of wheat— or the farmer to plough a single furrow 1 Docs it employ one single laborer or give a morsel of bread or a stich of raiment to the poor and needy? Ho, it does none of these things,—but we will tell our readers what it does do 1 It shows the esti mation in which the President holds the laboring classes—lt shows that he will sink to the lowest subterfuges, and adopt any expedient, to excite popular prejudice, —Wffio does not know that even the clerks are considered and treated as "hirelings"; such was the term applied by Mr. j Kendall to the Clerks, of his Department. It shows that whilst he would arouse the worst pas sions; envy, jealousy and hatred,in the bosoms ol the laboring poor against those who are no lon ger able to give them employment and wages,— he would humble the proud spirit of the freeman in the dependant "hirelings" who are under his own immediate fjAUTHORIT"V yes AU THORITY, that is the word, by giving them to know that so long as they obey his mandate, and vote to retain him in office, they may receive full, wages, on "the ten hour system;" while those who dare refuse to do his will —those who dare to be freemen, must starve. —This circular says this—lt is, under the circumstances in which it was issued, an insult to the tree laboring men ol this Union, who dare be freemen, in spite of his oppression; and it is degredation to the hirelings •who hug their chains and eat the bread of depen dence, rather than defy the despot and live the life of freemen.—But he may train his servile corps of "hirelings," he may suspend the public •woiks and send them to work their ten hours at the polls. —They will be met by freemen who wil there rescue their country from his oppression. THE PRESIDENT'S "HIRELINGS." From the Globe 6lh April, 1840. '"We cheerfully (says the Editor of the Globe) give place to the following: I send you a copv of a circular,'which has lately been issued by the PRESIDENT, and which is an emphatic reply to the charge ol hostility to the laboring classes, which reckless politicians anil newspapers have imputed to the administration. Office of Commissioners of Public Buildings. M April 1, 1840. SIR • The President of the United States has directed that all persons employed on the public works, whether laborers or mechanics, under the immediate authority of himselt and the Departments be required to work only the nnmber of hours prescribed by the ten hour system. You are hereby required to conform to this regulation. Respectfully, W h W. NOLAND. C. L. CALTMAH , Esq. You will please to notify the other superin tendants of this regulation." W. N. Comment: This order of the President, bears date on the Jirst day of April, and on the next day the Globe contains an articleon"the wages of labor charg ing "a combination among the manufacturing corporations of the East, for the oppression of their workmen," and adds, "no sooner had Mr. Davis's mistatements gone into circulation, than a simultaneous order of these corporations, ope rating at once through several states, was issued reducing the moderate recompense by which their operations had so abundantly enriched them." Nothing can be more palpable than the object /or which this order was issued.—lt was intend ed to break the force of the doctrines promulga ted by Mr. Buchanan and the federal leaders.— ■ They first appealed to the cupidity of these manufacturing corporations, anil said to them, you must continue to take our political nostrum —you must lake our sub-treasury—you must : unite with us in our war against small notes you must support the administration in their at tempt "to put down tkis paper credit system (such ate the words of the Globe, quoting Gen- Jackson's letter)—you must continue the war on that system, until all bank notes under one hun | dred dollars are suppressed. And why ? for what - i purposes must this war on the paper credit sys tem be carried on ? Mr. Buchanan tells us plain ly. Itjis because wages are too high—it is be ' cause the manufacturing corporations have to 5 pav too much for labor-it is because if they had ' a hard money currency like Cuba,or low wages, 1 as in Germany, then they could manufactures as : cheaply as foreign nations do. -And why did Mr. Davis oppose Mr. Buchanan's scheme of ro ducing wages 1 Was it not because that scheme would compel a reduction of wages,oppressive to the laboring classes, without benefiting the man ufacturer! Did not Mr. Buchanan foretel and urge upon the manufacturer that the policy of the administration would reduce wages and therefore benefit the manufacturer? Did not Mr. Davis re sist this policy of the administration upon the ground that it would reduce wages and benefi nobody, but the creditor and the usurer? Did not both agree that the policy of the administration was to reduce wages? Were not both agreed as to ' the effect on wages, and the inevitable conse quence on prices—with this difference, Mr. Davis condemned the measure because it must reduce wages, while Mr. Buchanan, insisted that a re duction of prices and of wages, was the only cure for existing evils? The point ot difference between the parties was the wisdom and propri j ety of reducing prices; and the Globe itsell ta ' bored to show that if wages were reduced, the. I effect upon prices of provisions, &c. would equal | ize the products of labor and remunerate the la boring man for the reduction of wages. Who could have believed that that party who were then laboring to reduce prises and wagesi for the benefit of the manufactoring corporations, who argued that it was necessary to reduce wages to enable these manufacturing corporations to compete with the cheap labor of Europe, woald be, on tbe first day of April, issuing circulars, de nouncing those very corporation because, after resisting the measures of the administration to the last, they were compelled to yield, and to do that which Mr. Buchanan told them, they must do and should do? If the object of the administra tion be not to reduce wages and prices, what was their object? If prices and wages were not too high, why do they assail and make war on the •'paper credit system?" The administration must be for or against high wages? They must be for one or the other—they cannot be for high wages and for low wages at one and the same time — Are they for or against high wages? CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO CANAL We have received and will publish the report of the Engineer of the Canal Company. We have read the communications of "Baltimore in the American and the remarks of the Editor. We are apprehensive that the Editor and his corres pondent have neither of them given to this sub ject the consideration which it merits, and are fearful that there are but few of the citizens of Baltimore, who realise the importance of giving to it an earnest and speedy attention. There are those who are well informed and from such we invite discussion. For ourselves we are for som pleting the Canal from Cumberland to Baltimore, and at the earliest possible day, and should no one else undertake the. task we think it will not be difficult to satisfy Baltimore that upon her do ing so, and making the Eastern part, a free canal, I depends her ultimate prosperity. We are, for the present, compelled to publish our paper on the reduced size, but we are mak ing arrangements, should the advertising patron age require it, to increase the size. The PILOT will, hereafter, be published daily; and those who have subscription lists are request ed to hand in the names of subscribers as they are obtained. Advertisements intended for the PILOT and published in the other papers, should be marked in full. MEXICO. —The situation of Mexico is daily assuming a very important aspect. The efforts to establish a New Republic out of the provinces of New Leon, Zacatecas, Durango, Chihuahua and New Mexico, are advancing with a rapid stride, and, as it is observed in a very able arti j cle in the Pennsylvania Inquirer of Friday last, I "the sands of the national existence of Mexico are rapidly running away. At the last dates, 1 General Guzman had just acquired a signal vie- I tory over the Centralists, and the next object of the Federalists was the capture of Matamoras. ' It is the design of the Federalists to establish I separate Republican Institutions in the place of ' the disorganized and constantly conflicting gov ernment of Mexico as at present established, and as the result aimed at must be gratifying to every lover of freedom, we sincerely and cordially wish the Federalists "God Speed. SOUTHAMPTON.—We have been re quested to give notice that a meeting <>l the Whig 3 ofSouthampton, will be held at Jeru salem, on the third Monday of this month /"court day,) for the purpose of appointing Del egates to the Whig Young Men s Convention, which meets in Baltimore, on the first Monday in May.— PeUnburg Intelligencer. i VIRGINIA ELECTORAL TICKET—The following is the Electoral Ticket agreed upon, and recommended to the voters of the Old Do minion by the Harrison and Tyler Convention, which met on the 01th February, at Richmond : Ist District—John W. Murdaugh, of Norfolk. 2d do J. mes W. I'egram, of I'ei • rgburg. 3d do Win. S. Archer, ol* Amelia. 4th do Richard Kidder Meadn, of Dinwiddle. sth do Henry E Watkins, of Prince Edward. 6th do James C. Bruc .ot Halifax. 7th do Whitmelt I'. Tunstall, ot Pittsylvania. Bth do Thomrs 11. Joynes, of Accomack. 9th do Jiorborne E. SnUo, of uaroliue 10th do Willoiiyhby Newton, of Woatmoiflaad. inn do James Lyons, of Richmond City. 1 2th do Valentine W.Southall, of Albemarle. 13th do John S. Pendleton, "I Rappahannock. 14th da John Janney, of Loudoun. 15th do Andrew Hunter,ot JeHerson. 16th do Philip Williams, Jr. ot Frederick. 17th do Win. Seymour, ol Hardy. 18th do Briwoe C. Baldwin, of Auguatr. 19th do Ballard Smiili,oftireenbricr. 20th do Edward Johmon, of Botetourt. 21st do John N. Humes, of Washington. 22d do George W. Summers, of Kanawha. 2Jd do Wailmau T. Willey,ol Monongalia. ANECDOTE OF OIEN. HARRISON The following circumstance was mentioned during the session of the Harrisburg Convention, by Judge Burnet, of Ohio, a warm personal friend of General Harrison. Many years since, while the great tide of emi gration was flowing through the Western States, the hero of the Thames having, for a while, ex changed the arduous duties of a statesman and a general, for the more peaceful pursuits of agt icul ture, was on a hot summer evening, at the porch of his humble "Log Cabin" asked for shelter and a meal, by a Minister of the Gospel of the Meth odist Episcopal persuasion. The jaded appear ance of the steed, and the soiled garments of the rider, proclaimed the fatigue of the day, and with his usual courtesy, the old General welcomed the stranger. After a plain and substantial sup per, the guest joined with his host in social con versation; and the latter, laying aside the charac ter of the soldier and statesman, willingly listen ed to the pious instruction of the traveller. They retired to rest, the good old soldier thankful to a munificent Providence, that he was enabled to administer to the wants of a fellow creature, and the worthy minister of Christ, invoking the bles sing of Heaven upon the head of his kind bene factor. Morning came, and the minister pre pared to depart. He was in the act of taking leave, when he was informed that his horse had died during the night. This loss, however se vere, considering that he had yet two hundred miles to travel, did not discourage him in the ex ercise of his duty; but taking his saddle-bags on his arm. he rose to depart, with thanks for the kindness of his entertainer. The old General did not attempt to prevent him, though he offered his condolence upon the loss, but an observing eye could have detected a smile of inward satis faction, which the consciousness of doing good alone produces. The guest reached the door, and to his astonisment, lound one of the General's horses accoutred with his own saddle and bridle, in waiting for him. He returned and remon strated, stating bis inability to pay for it, and that in all probability lie should never again visit that section of the country. But the General was inexorable, and reminded the astonished Di vine, that "he who giveth to the poor lendeth to the Lord," sent hirn on his way, his heart over flowing with gratitude, and his prayers directed to Heaven for blessings on the venerable Hero- The State Convention, which met in this city, on the nith, after discharging the duties for which they met, adjourned on Friday, hav ing appointed the following named gentlemen, a State Central Committee. SAMUEL JONES, Jr. NATHANIEL F. WILLIAMS, JOHN P. KENNEDY, JAMES L. RIDGELY, ABRAHAM G.COLE, JAMES GRIEVES. HUGH BIRCKHEAD, WM.R. JONES, GEORGE W. KREBS. GEORGE R. RICHARDSON, JAMES FRAZIER, JAMES HARWOOD, ASA NEEDHAM, THOS. YATES WALSH, WM. H. GATCHELL, GUSTAV W. LURMAN, CHARLES 11. PITTS, GEORGE M. GILL, SAMUEL McCLELLAN, NELSON FOE, WM. CHESNUT. It is stated in the Wheeling Times of March 26, that one thousand bushels of wheat were sold last week at Bridgeport, Ohio, opposite that city for TWENTY FIVE CENTS PER BUSHEL. This is another evidence, of the ruinous state of affairs brought about by mis rule, and one too which cannot fail to open the eyes of the agricultural community. 1 hey are reaping the benefit! of a reduction in prices with a vengeance. Gen. Scott has written a letter in which he expresses himself in most decided terms in fa vor of Gen. Harrison. the united states and great BRITAIN. GF.N. SCOTT has written an important letter to Gen. Jones, Adjutant Gen. U. S. A., con cernino- the British fortifications on the North ern Frontier,and the troops in the British pro vinces. lie states that the forts and barracks erected by the British authorities near the bor der of Maine, above Fretlericktown, in New Brunswick, or in Upper Canada, above Corn wall has received but very slight attention from him,'for the reason that he considers them of little or no military value to either party in case of war. That between Lakes Huron ami Lrie they have three sets of barracks, at Windsor, Sandwich and Maiden, all of which have been recently strengthened. Near the mouth ol the Niagara, the" British have two small forts, George and Messisanga, both ol which existed during the last war; besides which, slight bar racks have been erected within the last two years, on the same side, near the falls and at Chippewa, with breast works at the latter place. Fort William Henry at Kingston, and Fort Wellington, opposite to Ogdensburg fold works) havelicen strengthened in consequence 'of the recent troubles in Canada, and may now be called permanent forts. The Isle Jinx JYoix, a few miles below the American line, and in the outlet of Lake Champlain, stands at the head of a system of defences on the approach to Montreal, and is said to contain within itsell a system of permanent works ofgreat strength. The British Government has, since the peace of 1815, expended much skill and labor upon these works. Odletown, on the western side of lake Champlain, is a station of a body of Canadian Militia, to protect the neighbour hood from refugee incendiaries. The General concludes his letter with the following important statement. "Among such preparations, perhaps, I ought not to omit the fact that Great Britain besides numerous corps of well organized and well instructed Militia, has at this time, within her North American nrAuinwa. more than 20,000 of her best regu lar Troops. The whole of those forces might be brought to the verge of our territory in a I few days. Two thirds of that regular force j has arrived out since the Spring ol 1838. As a set off to these military preparations on the part of our ancient enemy, whom it would : allbrd its much pleasure always to denominate | our well beloved and time honored Iriend and n°i"hbour, we have the following information of the doin.rs on our own side, which we copy from the New York Herald of the Ist April. "IMPORTANT NAVAL MOVEMENTS.— Orders have recently been despatched to all the Na val stations to have every thing put in readi ness for immediate service. Hie late move ments of the British Authorities respecting the Maine boundary line is the probable cause, Commodore Renshaw, ol this station, has received instructions to complete llie Steam Frigate now on the stocks, with all possible despatch, and Capt. M. C. Perry, late of the Fulton, is to take command of tier. Addition al workmen have been employed, and she is now nearly all planked. The Independence and Fairfield, just arrived from Rio, and the Relief, are to be kept in commission 1 lie Columbia and John Adams, shortly expected home from the East Indies, are also U> be pre pared lor sea again immediately. Ihe slops of War now on the stocks are to be got ready for launching, and the two seventy fours moor ed off the Navy yard, to be prepared at short notice. The crews of those vessels just arriv ed, are to be paid off immediately, so that they can spend their money and reship again. None of the officers can have leave (ffabsence, but are to hold themselves in readiness for ser vice. . . . , i Such is the nature of the instructions lately received from Washington, and such have , been sent to every Navy Yard. What do they It is however, sincerely to be hoped, not withstanding these warlike preparations, that the report of the British Commissioners em ployed to survey the disputed territory, and which Mr. Fox believed, would have been de livered to the British Government by the end of March, will be of such a character as to pre vent any further hostile agitation of the subject. This Report may be now looked for daily with •rreat anxiety. Not because there is the most remote disposition to create hostilities, but be cause the public mind is much excited. After penning the above, we received an interesting letter from a friend in Washington, I relating to the samesuhject, to which we refer the reader. WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. WASHINGTON, April 9, 1840. When I had the pleasure of seeing you in this great Metropolis of politics and fashion a few days since, I promised that during niv lei sure moments, I would occasionally send you an abstract of matters and things as they here exist, in relation to some of the prominent movements of the government and its allies, am pleased to hear that you have a fair pros pect of'success with your paper. —And it the wishes of a sincere friend will be acceptable, allow me to express to you my warmest de sire that the bold, fearless and skilful PILOT, whom you have placed on board the Ship ot State, mav bear that noble vessel in safety and in triumph to her destined port. A principal subject of discussion among all parties here, is the relation which we now lio towards Great Britain, and many well < impos ed and good natured people are ™ u s to be frightened with the hug-bear of War. This, you are aware, is a good material for po litical ranital. and out of this exciting theme, tli E G rea T IHlmb u ggc r s of the age expects to coin's sufficiency of metal to carry him to the goal or l,is future aspirations Jhe fact is, thai neither the Government of the U. States, nor the Government of Great Britain have the most remote desire for War; and both will be eoually zealous in preventing such a catastro phe It is however the policy of the adminis tration to hold out the possibility of such an event, in order to divert the attention ot the country from the approaching election. It is well understood here, that only a small part of the adherents of the adn.inistrattou are in favor of hostile measures with England, and that the course pursued by that small clique, is dictated more by the expectations of political benefit hereafter to be acquired by them, than by anv desire for the honor or welfare of the country. At the head of the clique alluded to, stands the heir apparent to the throne where upon Martin Van Buren now sits. The Globe of the 27th March contained an article under the imposing head of "Tampering with the Indians," in which it was stated, that letters had been intercepted from the British authorities in Upper Canada, which had been addressed to the principal chiefs of some of the Indian tribes bordering on Lake Superior, in vititi" and instigating them to raise their tribes, with promises ol valuable presents and other advantages, for the purpose of commencing hostilities along the American frontier. It is pretty generally believed here by those who are in the secrets of the party, that the article above mentioned was furnished to the Globe by the chairman of the Military Committee of the Senate, for the purpose of inflaming the public mind upon the subject of our position with the provinces, and thus lie get the idea that the British authorities were endeavouring to entice the friendly American Indians to join with them in the event of hos tilities. The object of the invitation from the British authorities was well known at the time of the writing of the article in the Globe, and it was equally well known that there was not the slightest ground for the alleged rumor. On the contrary, the Indians have now less rea son than they ever had for congeniality of feel ing with the authorities in the provinces. Front the termination of the war to the pres ent time, the Indians above alluded to tiave been receiving regular annuities from the Bri tish Government, but during the latter part of the rei<m of William IV, they were notified that the annuities, in the form of presents, would be discontinued, the British government considering it a matter of indelicacy to subsi dize the'inhabitants of a foreign and friendly power. In order, however, to remove from the minds of the Indians the idea of injustice, which would naturally arise upon the with drawal of the former annuities, they were at the same time, informed that to those who thought proper to remove into the provinces, a portion of land, consisting of some of the is lands on Lake Superior, had been appropria - ted, and that they were at liberty to occupy them. This is the whole history of the invita tion to the Indians, "to come down immedi ately, and enter into arrangements to commence hostilities along the frontier ol the American Slates." . , . . Moreover, the fact was known in this city at the time, for the Secretary of War was then in possession of a letter from Gen. Scott, upon this very subject. So much for the allegation. iNovv for its de nial, by the Globe itself. March 30th, three davs after the article alluded to, appeared, the same paper stated that the whole matter vvas unfounded, and that the Indians had been in vited into the British territories to receive pres ents ! What presents? Why, the lands in con sideration ola relinquishment of all future claim to the annuities'they had been formerly receiving. 01 this more anon. Yours very respectfully. A FABRICATION REFUTED.—Sever aI of the political journals of the day have at tributed to the Hon. Daniel Webster, language anv thing but complimentary to Gen. Harri son. Supposing the matter to have originated either in misapprehension or in calumny, the Editor of the Harrisburg Telegraph, recently addressed Mr. Webster upon the subject. In ''mShoWoVv is utterly false. Friendly relations have existed between Gen. Harrison and myself, for many years- Nothing has ev er occurred to interrupt these relations. Un mv return from Europe, late in December, I heard of his nomination, by the Harrisburg Convention, and I took the earliest opportuni ty to declare publicly that I approved the nom ination, and should join heartily with my fol low citizens in giving it support. Gen. Har rison has long been before the country, in war and in peace. The history of his life shows him to be a brave soldier, a patriotic citizen and an honest man. It is too late, quite too late, for detraction to do its office upon his rep utation, either military or civil. He has now been selected by the general voice of those whose political principles agree with his own, to <ro to the head of the column, and to bear upland advance the flag, under which it is hoped those principles may be maintained and defended. 1 not only wish his nomination suc cess, but intend also to do all that may become a good citizen to insure it. It ntay fail; but if it should, I verily believe the failure will be ominous of a long train of political evils to the country. If sustained, on the part of those who have made it, by a devoted spirit of political duty and love ofcountry.it may succeed, and if it should succeed, I should regard that suc cess, as the welcome harbinger of better times. Yours respectfully, DANIEL WEBSTER. OBITUARY, —We notice, with deep regret, the announcement in the last Cincinnati Ga zette of the death of CHARLES HAMMOND, Lsq. editor of that paper, who died April 3, about 61 years of age. Few men have been on the stage of life who evinced a higher talent than Charles Hammond, few of stronger feelings, few who were more industrious, few who did more actual good and none who were more be loved by those who knew him intimately. Ohio flour in Boston on Saturday last $5,- 371. The Cincinnati Republican says : "Flour sold on Tuesday last, at the Canal, for $2 50 per Barrel, which is lower than it has sold before for the last thirteen years. Tru ly these are glorious times." The Bill before the Legislature of Virginia to authorise the Banks to issue one and two dollar notes, redeemable in specie, during their aathorised suspension, has been defeated in the senate, after having passed the house.