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"FOR.VER FLOAT THAT BTANDARD SHEET."
BY L. DILLARD & Co. Olge...Cornr of Texas and Fdwards streets, OPPOSITE HITCHCOCK'S LIVERY STABLE. SHRE r'EPORT: WEDNESDAY,......SEPTEMBER 20, 1854. AGENTS FOR THE SOUTH-WESTERN: Messrs. J. M. & J. C. MuraYr, Jefferson, Texas. Mr. WaR. Bexoa, Bonham, Fannin County, Texas. Mr. JAMEs B. LI[sNa, Henderson, Rusk Co., Texas. Mr. A. S. FLowEa, Mansfield, and DeSoto Parish, La. Mr. CLARKS ADAMS, Plaquemine, and Iberville Parish. W. H. McDoNALD, 102 Nassau street, New York. Zir Those of our town subscribers who do not receive their papers regularly, will please send word to the office. SirOuR Jon OFFICE.--We have added to our establishment one of HOE'S PATENT ROTARY PRaSSES, (capable of printing from 1000 to 1500 cards, circulars, etc., per hour,) and an additional hand-press suitable for pamphlets and large jobs, together with a fine assortment of ornamental type, paper, and blank cards, which enables us to fill orders for every des cription of printing to any extent in superior style, with great despatch and at unusually low prices. RAIN.-.During Monday night and yesterday we had several fine showers. THE RIVxh.--We regret to learn that the river is getting so low that it is navigated with great difficulty. Scarcely a boat arrives from, or leaves here for, the falls, without meeting with detention on the sand bars. The extreme low stage of the Mississippi adds to our per- 1 plexities, as it renders the navigation between the mouth and Alexandria even more difficult than that above the falls. A friend writing to us says, "we found this morning (7th inst.) only three and a half feet water at Snaggy point, and the river falling fast. We had to get a line out before we could get over. We left a boat, from Alexandria for the city, aground at the point, where she had been hard and fast for 36 hours, with a heavy freight and large number of passengers on board, among whom I recognised several citizens of Shreveport. With out the navigation improves in a few days, your merchants pmust expect to pay high freights during the remainder of the season." We are informed that the appearance of the cotton in this and the adjoining parishes has greatly improved during the past fortnight. The judicial election passed off unusually t quiet. The hon. T. T. Land receiving nearly all the votes cast in town. The result, as far as we could learn last evening, is as follows: r LAND. MUNDY. Caddo parish, - - 495 43 Mansfield, - - - - 44-539 128-171 I The clerk of the Alida requests us to state c the rumor circulated about town to the effect l' that a mail was on board the boat, which the officers refused to despatch to Shreveport, is is false in every particular, and was set afloat by c malicious persons. When the Alida left New P Orleans she had no mail on board, nor did the mail-agent propose to send a mail by her. The Alida brought up a mail from the Fulton, with city dates to the 5th. House-keepers and others in want of a fine o' piano forte, furniture, books, etc., are referred P to the advertisement of Mr. Robert Donnell, c( wlo is declining house-keeping. cE a (hi We ask attention to the advertisement of Mr. b( Fflung, cabinet-maker. He comes highly re- a commended as a skilful workman. pl Those of our readers having documents they ac wish copied, books to post, or accounts to ad- w just, are referred to the advertisement of Mr. lh McIntosh. He has experience in such matters, and will give satisfaction to 1ll who may confide lo their affairs to his hands. C We are indebted to the clerk of the Union m for files of late papers. The Union will leave tl' for the falls this morning, at 10 o'clock. C th There were 484 deaths in New Orleans dur- in ing the week ending on the 10th inst.-284 of th which died of yellow fever. in The low stage of water, together with the bl probability that we shall have but little navi- to gation for some weeks to come, should admon ish our country friends of the importance of CI buying their groceries and supplies as soon as to possible, as these articles are daily increasing sa in price. By looking at our advertisements an they will find out where their wants can be fe' supplied on the most accommodating terms. an The steamer Ahida has resumed her tripsbe- loi tween this port and the falls. She has been ar, lengthened, had an entire new cabin built, and C1 otherwise improved. Under the command of ite George Albans, assisted by purser 0. T. Atkin- I he son, in the office, the Alicia cannot do other- i ish wise than prove a popular craft. bo The Bayou Sara Ledger announces that D. D. Dickinson, of New York, is its first choice for president, and has placed his name at the At head of its columns. We admire your choice,I TU Marks, but fear that Dickinson is not dema- po gogue enough to suit the wire-workers of his wa party. They fear him. The grand lodge of the I. O. O. F., met at ta Baltimore on the 4th inst. Mr. DeSaussure, of lin 8. C., president. The following officers were Gr elected: W. M. Ellison, of Mass., grand sire; ha' OGeo. W. Race, of La., deputy grand sire; des. gol L. Ridgeley, of Md., grand corresponding and cul recording secretary; Joshua Vansant, of Md., in] grand treasurer. The proposed new constitu- pro tion for the order is now under discussion, and Ho will be debated for some days before any final the decision is had. beiil tot A NEw BoA,-The Jefferson Herald has a the letter from captain Sid. Smith, who is building an a Red River boat. He says: "She isaow pro- per gressing Rnely and will be in running order by the 15th Oct. I am building her new, out and `out. She will be perfeetly plain, but well built, to t o.b~sml - tvery neat. She will y75o Bat a cotton and be very light draught, brol a a Ily four feet hold. I want to leave A le) by the -4th October, adid i amo h kas soon as tbe water will. Lya ~4idcd "A GooD MAN GoNE."-Our citizens were W startled on Wednesday, by the announcement we h that colonel HARRY L. DOUGLASS had departed awar this life. A few days previous he was appa- be a rently in the enjoyment of excellent health, and ries biLd fair to.live for some years, and to see car- cupif tried into successful operation many of the meca- porti Lures which he originated with a view to the bitter 6rosperity of Shreveport and its vicinity, same Colonel Douglass was one of our oldest citi- with dens, and was ever distinguished for the readi- their Mless with which he supported any plan that natui 1vould tend to develop the resources of this see- The ?,ion of the country, promote the welfare of our ford, Inerchants and planters, or benefit society in Irish general, and his loss will be long felt and most occa: deeply mourned. Until within a few months his n iast bhe was largely engaged in mercantile af- in a i Pidirs, from which he retired, for the purpose of nothi (?njoying the calm and quiet of private life; but nor d to ohe last moment of his existence he was em- its m 1,loyed in carrying out measures to benefit his electi f~llow-citizens. who, lie was some years ago largely engaged in are ti ctmmercial business at Nashville, Tenn., and ideas fromi thence went to Vicksburg, where becom- assun irig aware of the natural advantages and grow- and r ilig importance of Shreveport, he determined to haps, njake it his home. ty, or His remains were escorted to their final rest- decid irtg place by the masonic fraternity, the Shreve- ity w' part fire company, and the larger portion of our icate n4ale population. No other token than this Irish nied be given of the estimation in which he associ wis held by the community; but only those positi< w aom he honored with the title of 'friend,' know cret a htlw good, how true-hearted a man he was. efficac PREaxME CouRT.--Last Tuesday, says tile ation 01 elousas Gazette, of the 9th inst., was the day the pe fix d by law for a regular session of the su- stricte pr4me court, in our town. Hon. Cornelius ship s Vcorohies being the only judge present, the preval sh' riff consequently adjourned the court until adopti Se, tembcr, 1855. By this means the people for ha of Ihe thitd district have been deprived of the try la, belxefit of the court for two years. The Cou- imajori riei says that it "will abstain from making re- not ter fecitions on the non-appearance of the other cable judg, s, but we and the public owe many thanks ship p o jixdge Voorhies, who has attended to his duty The .eft.re thinking of his pleasures and even of his form a health, for we know that judge V. for several the kmn noiths has been in delicate health. If we are and tht :oriectly informed, the reasons of the absence of We he lother judges, are these: chief justice Sli- tion mi hell is at the north; judge Buchanan is sick; nothing jud'e Spofford has not received his commis- itors ap ions and is therefore unqualified; and judge of the< )glen, knowing all these facts, abstained from black b oaklng the trip, as his presence would not suf- with m cc to form a quorum. lows, tl vials of SRANa.c .-.There was great bustle and flut- they va gring among the New Orleans Pierce office- nal in t; old rs, on the 5th inst., by the appearance of nothing, e ibllowing article, taken from the National nati Ens itelligencer of the 30th: i a numb( "'We learn with much satisfaction that the ing arti4 ;poit of the death ofex-senator Downs, collec- a o of'New Orleans, is premature. The error, low abu e understand, arose by confounding him with This op] mopodore Downes, of the navy, recently de- arose fri as., and from the fact that collector Downs inee for d I ft New Orleans for Kentucky for the ben- the Irisl it ' his health, in which latter place his death the as eported to have taken place. The pres- on the ent it appears, has filled the supposed vacan- have dr; b) promoting Mr. Porter, the surveyor of the Enquire rt f New Orleans, and advancingone of the lowing c prtisers to the office of surveyor. What is to done now in the premises we are unable to y, )ut suppose the word of command will be, At a s yoRi were.'" nr ta LII AiLs you were. SWe fear there can be no doubt of the death e of gemieral Downs; but did not imagine that the ,d presi ent would appoint the successor to a dc t ceaseq4l officer, without having previously re ceivetd official information of his death. This haste to fill an office, made vacant by death, bears too strong a resemblance to fighting over a maru's corpse for his personal effects, to look pleas nt, and we hope that hereafter the Pierce admiliistration will act with more propriety whenldispensing the loaves and fishes to its r. hungjy followers. s, FOAL D)ENIIAL.-In the British house of le lords, (on the evening of the 11th August, lord Clareildon laid on the table a dispatch from her n majes.y's consul general at Havana, describing e the mteasures adopted by the government of Cuba to put down the slave trade; and he took the ottportunity of officially denying the report . industriously circulated in the United States, f that Great Britain had ever contemplated, or intended to Africanise Cuba, or to establish a e black oepublic there. What has the Washing ton UTJion now got to say on the subject? L- BU.,NIXO oF THE CLEONA.-The steamboat )1 Cleonr, captain Martin, bound from this port S to Aldxandria, took fire in the hold, when, to g save t1he furniture, etc., her officers scuttled her s and s; sunk to the boiler deck. She lies a e few above the falls. She had little or no freight and b,.t few passengers on board. No lives lost. Trhe hull will prove a total loss; but we are pliased to learn was fully insured. The CleonA was three years old, and agreat favor f ite wit.h our Jefferson friends, who will learn of her loss with regret. Her owners are now fin ished t!e "Belle du Lac," a large and splendid boat, a. Louisville, which they will run between New O leans and Jefferson. Axoh'En.-The small, stern-wheel steamer Augusia, sunk at Grand Bayou landing, last Tuesdaiy morning. She was built for the pur pose of bringing cotton out of the bayou, and was worth about $3,500. CoM.4ANDEIR HOLLINS-The Washington Star states tliat, the official acts of commander Hol lins, of¶ the Cyane, at the bombardment of Greyta n, we have good authority for saying. have very properly received the approval of the i govern ent, who will shield him from all ridi- i culous s its, such as tha' brought against him i in New ork. We hope to hear no more re proache., or low epithets, hurled at commander Hollins, las it now turns out that he but obeyed the orde·s of president Pierce. His conduct being approved by the government, puts an end to the prosecution of the suits against him, as I the law ~ peremptory a'nd explicit that when i an offices carries out the instructions of his su perior, h1, cannot be held responsible therefor. We ar sorry to perceive anming the victimst to the yellow ifiver, at Savannah, Mr. Joseph Bancroft, of the firm of Bancroft & Bryan, brokers ah d dealers in exchange. c f' An ep: ieic appears to have broken outh p laong ts h l ierce customhouse officers. John T Lynob c. eol tr of the port of Riebmond, Va., ti Aicd on haý 4th inst. s 're While the unknown policy-for in reaiity mnt we have never heard or seen any one who was ed aware of the req object, which we presume to )a be a secret as solemnly observed as the myste ud ries of free masonry-of the.know nothings oc rr- cupies so much of the public attention, and a a- portion of the Pierce newspapers are filled with he bitter invectives against Americans, and at the same time lauding all foreigners to the skies, iti- with the view of "blarneying" them out of di- their votes, it is well enough to bear what the at naturalised citizens have to say on the subject. sc- The editor of the Orleanian, a native of Water aur ford, and one of the oldest and most patriotic in Irishmen in Louisiana, a man who has on all ast occasions espoused the cause and interests of ,hs his native country and countrymen, speaking af- in a recent number of his paper of the know of nothings, says that, it can neither be disputed ut nor disguised-and we have often sorrowed at a- its manifestation-that the most uproarious, on lis election occasions, are men new to the land; who, either instigated by others, of whom they in "are the tools, or inflated with their erroneous id ideas of liberty, proceed to greater lengths and n- assume to more privileges than the circumspect y- and retiring of their countrymen, resident, per to haps, in the Union for ten, fifteen, twenty, thir- 1 ty, or more years-aye, presume to dictate and i ;t- decide, and not unfrequently usurp an author- I e- ity which even persons born on the soil are del- t or icate in claiming. We hope that citizens of is Irish birth will refrain from either originating ie associations or connecting themselves with op- t se position societies already formed-societies, sc- c w cret and political, which, instead of being at all a !efficacious, will only make more wide the sepa- t e ration between them and Americans-between the people of a common country, where the strictest union and the most fraternal, friend- l .s ship should exist. If the feeling now widely h e prevalent amongst numbers of our citizens by 0 ii adoption is concurred in by all, the necessity d for having recourse to the passage of a regis etry law, will be obviated; for, amongst the F majority, the conclusion has been come to of a] not tendering their suffrages until a more ami- sn Scable understanding and harmonious friend-iin I ship prevail. The above remarks of a naturalised citizen; it( form a great contrast to the abuse heaped upon as 1 the know nothings by the Pierce office-holder: i al , and the Pierce organs. of We give below the true cause of the opposi- ci, tion manifested by certain papers to the know. nothings. It is nothing less than that the ed- f itors applied to be initiated into the mysteries Iof the order, and being found unworthy, were tai black balled. Ever afterwards, as is the case with men refused by the masons or odd fel- of lows, the applicants turn about and open their ob vials of wrath upon the associations with which pu they vainly tried to affiliate. There is no jour nal in the country that denounces the know nothings in such abusive terms as the Cincin- ,at nati Enquirer, the Pierce organ in Ohio. Not sa: a number of that sheet appears without contain- be( ing articles teeming with bitter invectives and vet low abuse of the know nothings and Americans. wit This opposition of the editor it was thought flue arose from the fact that he was a Pierce-nom- col inee for the legislature, and was striving to get the Irish and German vote, by heaping abuse , ing on the Americans. But the know nothings! cu have drawn the curtain and publicly hold the ver Enquirer man "up to nature." Read the fol- anl lowing documents: to ( "MORGAN LODGE, NO. 7, I.O.K.K's,l At Cincinnati, August 21, 1854. f cy At a meeting of this lodge, held this even- site ing, it was unanimously its Resolved, That all the proceedings of this lodge, on the application of Hiram H. Robin son (editor of the Enquirer) for membership, We be furnished the Daily Commercial for publi- wor cation. "Copy from lRecord.-On the 10th dai of thr bMay, 1854, the following application was Ire- T ceived: ' -e "To the officers of Morgan Lodge, No. 7, K. bral K.'s.-Hiram H. Robinson, age 40, editor of of t the Enquirer, asks to become a member of your body, pledges himself to abide by its rules and a fe regulations." Lou "Which application was, after considerable sket discussion, unanimously rejected." writ "MAY 19.-It having been announced to the has lodge that Hiramn H. Robinson, editor of the Enquirer, who had been heretofore rejected, is a had threatened to make application for mem- the bership to a lodge in New Orleans, it was on pass motion unanimously resolved that the secreta- and ry be instructed to telegraph to all the lodges is p of New Orleans of the rejection of the said Hi ram H. Robinson; and on the 23d day of June, T the following dispatch was received friom the the grand secretary of Louisiana: "H. H Robinson rejected in all the lodges cont of New Orleans. G. R. H., grand sec'y. mon "JvLr 11--The following dispatch was re- clas ceived from Tippccanoe Lodge, No. 3, of Indi anapolis: egre "Hiram H. Robinson, editor of the nquir Ilane at Cincinnati, is proposed for membershlip. Is her he all right?" que, "To which the secretary was instructed to nart reply, 'H. H. Robinson rejected here, and in[ Blac all the lodges of New Orleans. I. H., se y. Blac "To which dispatch a reply was had the proc same day: 'H. H. Robinson rejected, and icals tice sent to grand lodge, and also to natinal. lodgRe. . L., sec'y., ' "I hereby certify the above to be correct co- Buff pies firom minutes. W. G., pres't." we a "Attest-I. I., see-y." The Cincinnati Enquirer cannot deny the eor- ing t rectness of the above statements, and the pub- year ic can well imagine that the hostility displayed one :owards the know nothings by a number of oth- brin1 tr editors, had its origin in a manner similar to a far hat of Mr. Robinson. with: The contract to convey the mail between N. in m )rleans and Galveston, Matagorda, and the will nouth of the Rio Grande, for the next four with rears, has been given to Messrs. Harris & Mor- TI an. They have faithfully and punctually per- havil ormed the service almost from the day that news rexas threw off the Mexican yoke, and have ports iow employed in conveyed the mail the finest and mne of American steamships afloat, Collins any it avincibles only excepted. j .tntp: r The Texas Republican says that the cotton I crop is a failure, not only in Harrison county, i but throughout the State. Corn is now selling 1 at one dollar per bushel. There will be scarce s ly any fall vegetables, and even sweet potatoes, I an abundant crop of which is usually raised, will be short. Great excitement was created in Boston, on the 29th ult., in consequence of the arrest of Adams & Tinkham, commission merchants, on long wharf, who are accused of obtaining gro ceries, flour, etc., to the tune of $25,000, by fraudulent representations. A portion of the property had been recovered. Adams and Tinkham have heretofore stood high in the es timation of the public, both as merchants and gentlemen. ity Mr. Walsh, ex-consul general of the United as States at Paris, in a letter to the N. Y. Journal to of Commerce, states that a translation has ap te- peared in the French newspapers of a paragraph ec- in the London Shipping and Mercantile Gazette, I a wherein the opposition of England and France ith is represented as likely to prove the chief diffi Ie culty of the Americans in their enterprise es, against Cuba; but if the island should be bought of by the U. States, those powers would scarcely be be able to find adequate ground for interfer ct. ence. The French writers suppose the pur er- chase to form the special mission of the younger tic Soule to London, and of Mr. Sickles, secretary all of the American legation in London, to Wash of ington, which the London Morning Advertiser ng reports. The present confusion in Spain, they ,w think, affords a most auspicious epportunity to ed the Americans. Some of them pretend that the at most knowing friends of Mr. Soul,, the ambas on sador, assign to him a creditable share in the d; insurrection. The Morning Chronicle thinks that no revolution in Spain, of whatever cast, us or with what sequel soever, can at this era, ad alarm the old monarchies of the continent. ct A great quantity of ink has been squandered r- on the Cuba question, without effecting any r- thing. The filibusters never will be able to id raise money enough to arm and equip a sufficient - number of men to conquer the island, and all 1-_ their enterprises will end in smoke and gascon of ading. The creoles of Cuba cannot be coaxed g into declaring their independence, nor have they P the slightest inclination to become republicans c_ or freemen. Pierce cannot purchase the island I and there is no way of getting up a war be tween the United States and Spain. n NICE DISCRIMINATION.-The Cincinnati En 1e quirer, the Pierce organ in Ohio, under the head of "objectionable items in the river and Y harbour bill," instances the following, among y others, with which it says the bill was '"loaded Y down:" "For completing the customhouse at San e Francisco, $168 386; for the construction of an appraiser's store on a portion of the customhouse square at San Francisco, $100,000; for sur veying the public lands and private land claims in California, $300,000." Now, if this over-wise and sharp-sighted ed itor will look into the general appropriation bill, as published in the Union, Globe, Sentinel and all official newspapers, he will find that an item of $200,000 for the customhouse at San Fran cisco, 8150,000 for the site of the same, and 8100,000 for an appraiser's store, did receive the president's approval! So (lid the item ap propriating 8300,000 for surveying the public lands in California!! Several other Pierce papers in their defence of his veto, singularly enough found the same objections to the river and harbour bill, as are put forth by the Enquirer. The Syracuse Standard, another Pierce or- c gan, copying the Cincinnati paper's article, sagely remarks that: f" "The failure of the river and harbour bill to become a law is due not to the president who n vetoed it, but to congress, who loaded it down with obnoxious items to which no man, unin- h fluenced by the clamor of particular localities, could give his assent." Thi iis is really unkind. The president look ing to something beyond "the clamor of parti cular localities," has given his assent to the s very items so obnoxious to our cotemporaries, I and we have no doubt he had an opportunity to discriminate between the good and the bad. At least his opinions of constitutional democra cy appear, in this case, to be the very. oppo- ' 1- site of those entertained by the Enquirer and its satellites. isi is "FIFTEEN MINUTES AROUND NEW 1YORK." ,, We have received from the publishers a new - work, bearing this title, and containing some 1 thirty sketches of life and manners in N. York. They were written by G. G. Foster, authlor of 'New York by Gas-Light,' 'Celio,' and cele brated as the 'City Items' of the Tribune, one i of the mo.a pleasing features in that paper; and a few years ago edited a popular daily in St. ILouis and afterwards at New Orleans. The e sketches, like every else from his pen, are well written, instructive and amusing. The author C has faults and many failings, but he has genius, is a beautiful writer, and as a critic on music, t the drama and fine arts, is unsurpassed. We a n passed a pleasant hour in perusing the book, t i and prophecy that it will become popular. It s is published by DeWitt & Davenport, N. York. ti The London Quarterly Review, for July, is C the ablest number issued for some time. Its contents comprise articles on the House of Com- d mons; Milman's latin christianity, the drama; r - classical dictionaries; history of the electric tel- n egraph, with illustrations; christianity in Me- f lanesia and New Zealand; queen Elizabeth and tc s her favorites; lord Lyndhurst and the eastern ty question. The Review is republished by Leo 0 nard Scott & Co., New York, at $3 a year; or0 a 1 Blackwood's Magazine and the Review can be in procured for $5. The postage on both period- e icals amounts to only 38 cents per annum. We have a cheering item of intelligence from h Buffalo, N. Y. The Express, of the 24th says, a we are informed, upon the best authority, that U Cth ,cciptn of flour and grain at this port dur. ing the present season are farin advance of last at - year. The largest amounts yet delivered in P one day is 400,000 bushels; and each day d' brings a quantity that does not look much like a famine. It is hoped and believed that, not- Ih withstanding the reported failure of the crop hi in many places, the total aggregate for 1854 h is will foot up handsomely and compare favorably b with previous seasons. cc The New York cotton brokers' association vi - having been dissolved, it is impossible for the of t newspapers to procure regular or reliable re- M ports of sales, they therefore caution dealers ha and planters not to place implicit reliance on any telegraphic report of the market. All such fe statements may be regarded as merely specu- yo lative and put forth to influence prices. ca The Texas Republican asserts that the editor ty of the Bonham (Texas) Advertiser "is a whig, and what is more, an anti-slavery whig." We know nothing of the editor, but his paper is so far from being whig that it smacks almost as un strongly of democracy as does the Republican fir itself. The N. Y. Journal of Commerce, of the 31st rio ult., says that the ship Celestial Empire, which an' sailed last week for New Orieans, had 473 bills I of lading, calling for 20,328 packages of mer- cla chandise, a large portion of which contain. very vai valuable silk and woolen goods. President Pierce is on a visit to the Berkley Th springs, Va. He will also visit Old Point sail Comfort and Cape May. Sat d THE GaREYTOw FFAIR.-The Washington al correspondent of the New York Courier and Enquirer gives the following version of the cor respondence said to have taken place between bh Mr. Buchanan and lord Clarendon, with regard e, to the bombardment-of Greytown: ce I learn from an authentic and authoritative . source, that an important correspondence has taken place between Mr. Buchanan and lord e Clarendon, relative to the port of San Juan and ht the Mosquito protectorate. Mr. Buchanan took ly early occasion, after entering on his mission, to r- inform the secretary for foreign affairs that this r. government desired to resume and bring to a conclusion all questions respecting Central er America which was pending when Mr. Ever ry ett retired from the state department on the h- 4th of March, 1853. Hie stated the views and cr expectations of the governmentat some length. Lord Clarendon replied in a statement embody ing the claims of Great Britain, and advancing to on her part pretensions which were supposed 7e to have been yielded by the Clayton and Bul s- wer convention of 1850. Mr. Buchanan re e joined with a counter statement, in which he reviewed the controversy from its commence ment, and stated with convincing strength and t, argument the position and rights of the United a, States. He declared inexplicit terms, thatthe American government could not recognize any d Indian claim to territorial jurisdiction over any part of this continent, and therefore could not y admit the validity of any protectorate or guar ; antee of such claims. This communication is t understood to comprise the ultimatum of our 11 government on the Central American question, and is believed to require not only the aban donment of the protecrorate over the Mosquito d coasts, but the relinquishment of the settlement Y at the Belize, and the discontinuance of the s colony of the bay islands on the coast of Hon d duras as formed in 1852. - The rejoinder to this significant state paper has not been received, and probably none will be given. The dispatch which elicited Mr. B's second communication was, it now appears, the proximate cause of the bombardment and e burning of Greytown. The indisposition of I the British government to meet the question determined ours to act, and a resolution was formed to smoke and burn all foreign protect ing powers out of Central America. The de struction of Greytown was but the beginning, and it is expected that the same extreme poli cy will, within the ensuing six months, secure the evacuation of Blewfield's and Belize. Eng land is now engaged in a conflict with Russia which absorbs most of her available power I and resources, but were she disengaged from that struggle there can be no doubt that the acts and intentions of this government would be held good cause for a war. The mere profes sions of belligerancy indulged in by president Polk pending the Oregon dispute, produced preparations for war on a gigantic scale. The positive acts of hostility committed by the pre 'sent administration, and so unmistakeably avowed by the present official organ, must lead to important consequences. The Washington correspondent of the Bee says that, I have it affirmed confidently, that Moses McDonald, the only member from Maine who voted for the Kansas Nebraska bill, is to be rewarded with the appointment of third au ditor. It is also affirmed that every member of congress from New England who voted for that i bill, save two, of whom Moses Norris, senator from New Hampshire, is one, are to be paid off with appointments. This is but the fulfilment of the promise made to them by the president, many months ago, through the columns of the, Union. That promise was couched in the fol lowing words: es, Ifa democratic member of congress is led 1 by his judgment and his conscience to vote for ii ok- the bill, as we hope all democrats will be led to v rti- do so, and he returns to his constituents to tin- b the counter the clamor of whigs and abolitionists, es, together with disaffected men of his own party, tl no sensible man, at least no man who under- it ity. stands and appreciates the character of the ex- al ad. ecutive will believe that the president will allow in ra- such factious men to wield public patronage to i h; po- overthrow any man at home who has given to tr nd the principles of the bill a cordial and conscien- to tious support." o0 Poor Pierce he has no backers but those of _ whom he buys with appointments. at w Ti,' Cedartown (Polk county, Ga.) Repub- cc me lican of the Ist instant, says: "For the last six to rk. weeks we have been needing rain. Not even a , of; shower cloud passed over our town-not even iur le- a voice of thunder was heard to revive the ly drooping hearted farmer. Corn was burning ~ll Inei up-the squares on the cotton were falling odff w nd --and everything wore the habiliinents of deso- ex St. Iation-until, on Tuesday evrening last,we were tin he blest with a good soaking rain.,which continued to lli for about two hours. Along with the rain,came a hail storm, the like of which we had never or witnessed. The hail stones were as large as a Is, guinea's egg,or perhaps larger. We think that ] sc this rain will benefit the corn crop very much, fo , and we begin to believe that tolerable crops will cot be made. It is the opinion, however of many cm k, that the rain cannot materially benefit the corn, 'e It as it is too far gone. We mu-t confess that the k. i times look squally. What we all shall do to ad i keep from starving, we are unable to say." of is tiv [ts PASS hIM ROUND.-A New York correspon- mi _ dent writes to the Norwich Courier as follows: Pe a I have just heard, from a gentleman traveling nol ' m the south and west a story of a very clever in 1- northern swindler who has been playing a skill- in e- ful and successful game on southern and wes- thi id tern people for the last five years. The man is era in young and of a very pleasing address. He pre- pri tends to be an episcopal theological student. o He hangs around the northern colleges, Yale daJ or and Harvard, till he can pick up a few scraps of goi ,e information about the wealthiest of the south- cor i ern students, learns who their parents are and i bra where they live, etc. Then traveling through dat the south he stops at the residences of some a I m ' hospitable planter, pretends that he has turned - aside from his course, at the urgent request of' Bit at the gentleman's son, his intimate college friend. the Under such circumstances, nothing can be too hai good for him. IIo lveJ on the fat of the lam.. pOT st and always, somehow contrives to lose his ir' in pocket-book, with several hundreds in bills and all drafts. He don't tell of it, but 'feigning, with' waa y jesuitical craftiness and art,a concealed sorrow, I t lie excites the sympathising inquiries of his Bid h- host. Then, bursting into tears, lie confesses I plei >p Iis loss. Of course, the planter's pocket book hib 4 is wide open. The theological student helps tha himself, and walks off. But he don't ever come for y back to that vicinity again. He goes on to new ties conquests. In one place, on the Ohio river,he 1 In victimized three gentlemen within a few miles the e of each other. He calls himself Mayham alias gov Mayhon, alias a half dozen other names. Judge tho McGee, rev. Mr. Stratton, N. O., and others tern s have suffered by him. hi nI ' him h The New York papers have gone into per- prin feet ecstacies over Madame Grisi, the celebrated vocalist. It is astonishing how small a matter ' can create a "great furore" in the Emuire Ci- chei ty. We should not be surprised if the next ar- cast rival brought intelligence that the Gothamites was had harnessed themselves to Grisi's carriage. supl e thot p The receipts of cotton at New Orleans are simi unusually large for this season of the year.- by t The planters appear to be striving who shall As; ' first get his crop to market. ... ~ ~ T The cotton worm is reported to be doing se- endi t rious damage to the cotton on the Gaudalupe At t I and in Victoria county, Texas. T" -^^'- T The mayor of Vicksburg has issued a pro- Cha clamation denying that the yellow fever is pre- on t] vailing in that town. The revolution in Mexico is spreading fast. Ct SThe insurgents have captured Victoria, and it is Uto ni 'said all tihe Rio Grande country will join them. Un Santa Anna cannot keep out of trouble. A' ton THE GREAT CALAMITY.--Aid still the sky is end brass, the earth is ashes. Day after day passes or- and brings no shower to lay the dust, no elec ýetn tric flash to purify and renovate the heavy at trd mosphere. We have days of murky haze, al most, of cloudiness, but never one little drop of ive rain. Not since June, to the best of our re ias membrance, have we had anything worthy to >rd be called rain,though two or three pretty show ;nd ers afforded some fleeting refreshment to plants ,ok early in July. Springs that never failed before to are now at their last gasp, many have been ut his terly dry for weeks. Since the great rain which o a closed the month of April, we have had noth ;ral ing calculated to affect the sources of springs. er- These, we think, have not been so low herea the bout in thirty years as they are now. ,nd We shall probably have rain soon, but to lit th. tie purpose. It will be too late for corn, too ly- late for potatoes, too late kor garden vegetables, ng too late for buckwheat. It will help turnips, ed where there are any, be aIseful to cabbage,and ul-I may give us a late and scanty supply of fall re- feed, but it cannot ensurelus a tolerable product he of butter and cheese, it cannot give us more e- than half a crop of corn, nor even so large a nd yield of potatoes. In spite of the bounteous ed harvest in Wisconsin and partof Iowa,in Texas he and most of the cotton-growing region, and of ny the moderate yield in southern Ohio, northern ny Indiana and northern Illinois, we shall have lot the shortest crop of Indian corn grown in this tr- country this century with two exceptions. The is first was that of 1816, caused by the extraor ur dinary cold of the entire season-for there was n, snow in June nearly all over New England and n- frost in every month, the second was that of to 1836, produced by the wet, cold and backward nt spring. Butin both of these years,though corn he was more deficient than now, grass was good, n- and potatoes better than this year. We doubt whether the aggregate of loss in either year er was greater than that which now confirms us. ill We estimate the total corn crop of the United 's States for this year at less than two-thirds of s, an average, or not above fifteen bushels per d acre. There are thousands on thousands of of acres that will not yield five bushels, many in n fact, that will never be harvested at all. One as heavy, general, soaking rain on the 1st of Au t- gust would have added at least one hundred e- millions of dollars to the aggregate value ofi , our crop for the current year. The total defi i- ciency of the corn crop can not fall below two e hundred millions of bushels, worth one hun r- dred millions of dollars, for much of our corn a is usually worth seventy-five ednts to a dollar r per bushel on the farm where it is grown, and n the loss on roots, grass and vegetables can not e fall below another equal amount. In other e words, the harvest of this year will be worth to - the country two hundred millions of dollars less t it than we had reason to suppose it would be one t d little month ago. This loss will not all fall on i t e the farmers, they will be partially cbmpensated for deficiency of yield by enhancement of price, y but that merely shifts a part of the burden from t d their shoulders to others. The aggregate loss c is quite as severe as if fire, flood or some other i terrible calamity had swept property worth two e hundred millions of dollars completely out of t At existence. I e The magnitude of the loss can only be ap- v o preciated upon reflection and comparison. The t, - total cost of the Mexican was computed by Mr. ' f Corwin, when secretary of the treasury, at two i h, t hundred and fourteen millions, but that was b " spread over several years of genet'al prosperity, o " while sixty millions of it, by means of a nation- t t! al debt, was cast upon.the future. The great i 1 fire in our city in Dec., 1835 was generally held ~ e to have sensibly contributed to the season ofI al - disaster and bankruptcy which commenced the I n next year. The excessive importations of 1816- 1 1 17 and 1836, were undoubtedly most influential Ar r in bringing on the tremendous commercial re- a ) vulsion which so speedily followed; yet it may al - be well questioned whether the short crops of; v, 1818 '36 were not the deeper and true cause of de , those seasons of calamity. Not that the heavy th - importations were other than most untimely hha and injurious, but their ill effects were greatly bu intensified by the coincident deficiency of our fer harvests. Such importations must have caused thi trouble any how, but no such sweeping devas- Ha tations as were actually experienced, because w of the large demands to meet the cost of goods sh occurring simultaneously with our extreme in ability to pay. We needed all the food we pro- era duccd. and had but a few millions' worth of, ba cotton and other non-edible products wherewith i to pay for ovcen one hundred and fifty millions fs worth of European metals, ware's and fabrics it imported thatvcar. And it will befound equal- at ly impossible this year to pay for all the goods o already received from Europe, or now on the way. The means of paying for them do not ha exist,and they must either be held over for better j times, re-exported, ruinously sacrificed, or sold the to consumers who will never pay for them. sei [N~. Y-. Tribune. I 51i" is a It is exceedingly amusing to peruse the ral that lying calls put forth by the democratic press, «h, for the purpose of getting the various factions will comprising that party together. Here is a spe any cimen, taken from the Harrisburg (Penn.) .rn Telegraph, of the 20th ult.: the Free democrats, remember, that gov. Bigler to advocated and signed a bill granting the use of our prisons for the confinement of fugi tive slaves; that he recommended an act per on- mitting masters to carry their slaves through ws: Pennsylvania; that he pardoned Alberti, the ing notorious kidnapper, that his official journals ver in Philadelphia and Harrisburg, are strongly ,ill- in favor of the Nebraska Kansas infamy; and ts- that he has repeatedly said to leading demo n is crats in Harrisburg, that he approves of the re- principles of that measure. nt. Nebraska democrats, remember, that on the ale day of his rinomination, speaker Chase heard of gov. Bigler say, "gentlemen, if the democratic th- convention pass resolutions in favor of the Ne and braska bill, it must nominate another candi Igl date, for I will not endorse and run upon such mea platform." led Anti-Jesuit democrats, remember that gov. Lof Bigler was the means of placing Campbell at nd. the head of the post office department; that he too' has appointed several of the same faith to im pnd4tortant offices; an h sartic ar his ien have selected catholics t4 presrde over nd all the democratic State conventions, since he ith was elected governor. >w, Lager Beer democrats, remember, that gov. his Bigler has written a letter to doct. John Patrick, ses pledging himself to sign any constitutional pro >ok hibitory law that the legislature may pass; and lps that he has already signed the lager beer bills, me for Chester, Clarion, and a part of Tiogo coun ew ties. he Tax payers, remember, that the expenses of les the commonwealth during the second year of ias gov. Bigler's administration, nearly doubled go those of the last year of governor Johnston's 'rs term. The reader must remember that Bigler is himself a leading democrat. What are the r- principles of the "lager beer" democrats? ed ~ er The New York Courier says that a spurious .i- check, purporting to have been signed by the r- cashier of the Continental bank, forl$16,0000 es was deposited in the Chemical bank, and as is supposed by the same individual who drew nine thousand dollars from that institution, upon a re similar forged check, purporting to be certified by the American Exchange bank for $12,000. all As yet no clue has been found to the forger. The interments in Savannah for the week e- ending on the evening of the 5th inst., was 123. pe At the last dates the fever had not abated. There were five deaths from yellow fever, in 0- Charleston,during the twenty-four hours ending e- on the 5th inst., at 12 o'clock, M. Corn is selling at Gallatin, Tenn., at $2 90 t" to $3 10 per bushel. So says the Nashville Union, of the 4th inst. All the western rivers continue very low: I is General Intelligene S S arocs Rior.-We regret to state (.t " Orleans Picayune of the 12th inst.) th at o ther t- again been the scene of a disgraceful riotu ' e 1fear as or will result fatally. It is d at the origin of the affair, but as near as wut,. it arose out of the arrest and alleged brutean Sment of Mr. HTenry T. Sherman by --e w tral o on Thursday night. On Saturday nig e watchmr hour, some of Mr: Sherman's frie nds ht a ad attack upon his house was ineditatted pricit ts Tehoupitoulas street, and while there otte ad e were attacked by some watchmen and thi eat d t- Accounts differ as to who were the aggr irindt h agree that the watchmen were driven off and that ber qf shots were fired, but nobody a annt, a b- eeni seriously hurt. The next Imornlng, the fo s. ing illy report was placed upon the poliiee q bo - lieut. Webb: "A gang of about fifty, or sixty men, arimvd headed by some respectable and well know 1 d c cans, firing at the watchmen, chasing them offr h ,o beasi, piotnging false rattles, and trying totrat g, them into their crowd." to atta. Yesterday considerable excitement was .. d . d, the affair having assumed the anpeaniOat. conflict between the natives and Iris r and at 1men were seen standing about the street ~ n4tsaf t ing. After night, a report gained circulationathvar a.rmory on the corner of St. Charles and Hleriasttee was to be attacked by the Irish, and very stritlhr a or four hundred men assembled in and about LaatE is ette square, with the avowed intention of pro.ct .s the armory from attack. t About 11 o'clock a number of these men a.rch in procession up Tchoupit oulas street, and whe arc n St. Mary's market the firing again began, but it. e impassible for us to learn who comimenced itu it s Irish occupied the market and beer garden in hsri cinity, from both of which places a conrsidatr. firing was kept up. Several persons were bair: others fatally wounded. Among the latter " s mined Gilpatrick, and watchman Monahan w asa ly wounded-both expected to die. Officer 3lCi hon was shot slightly-several others seriously ia, j u r e d . ' " Mr. Grinnel, one of the firm of Leeds d Co .o Shot in two places while walking ,cuietly friend in Delord street, one of the hall st'"ki ,, .h n the mouth, and seriously injuring him. Recrdt or Suunners we hear, was shot at several.tires, bu r was not touched. Lieut. Hand reports .haleg ta ken a double-barrelledoshot gun from Stephea o . Leary, ex-chief of police, near St. Mary's arket, Iy ord-er of the mayor, and carried it to the warth. ho;i se. r Mir. Green, the gentleman who was walking ith f Mr, Grinnel, was shockingly beaten by an mit,. 1 ted and savage mob. Neither of these gentlem~n hail any thing to do with the riot, but weren ateack willhout the slightest provocation. 'the neighborhood in which these exseses cur. redlis surrounded on all sides by the lowest andmo.. filthy groggeries, which are the resorts, by day asd night of crowds, of lawless men, who go habitualib armed, and when their passions are inflamed by th detestable compounds they imbibe, do not hesitate to use their weapons upon any one who may be ob noaxious to tlhemn. the disturbances were renewed the next night, during which two men were killed and several seri. ously injured. Atlast accounts the Americane0a, of the National Guards were under arms, and the ea. tir' city was in a state of intense excitement. f E'r:w Yourn, SEPT. 6.-Dispatches received he. fromi Burlington, Vt.. announce that the entire Whir ticket has been carried at all the lateeletions held i: that State-for members of congress, for muenlbrsf the State legislature, and for State officers. Dispatches from Newark, N. J., received here day., announce that there has been a terrible riot the;r arising out of religious differences betwveeni the p. testant and catholic Irish inhabitants. The cathuiit ichurch is reported to have been sacked, and oneimat is said to have been killed. The New Orleans postmaster gives notice iha: lhereafter the California mails will be forwarded, the 5th and 20th of each month, via Havana. T7. lite of steamships between New Orleans and Asa~ wall has been discontinued, congress havinig lnegi. ted to pass the bill making appropriations to pay t: steamships for carrying the mail. 'An election was held in Mobile, on the 4th i..! for two justices of the peace and a constable. T, know n-othings carried the day, electing the th:, offiers. The Register, speakiing of some ditha. ties at rthe fifth ward, says: At an early hour, a di. culty occurred between the American arid Irish p pulation, in which the former being greatly in t: iminority, were driven from the polls. Exasperatwi at this state of affairs, the Smericans rallied in lar: numbers and proceeded to the seat of wa·r. A:.: somnc skirmishing, an Irishman, who is a bar-keep-: under the amphitheatre, got into a fight wirh an American, and being pressed bvy numbers, fled in:t a Iouse tenantred by a Spanish family, corner of Rler. al aadt Eslava streets. of IUnder the impression that the'house was a rend,: vous of the Irish rioters, the vast crowd poured i of dtl,.ilishin, windows and bannisters, in search d V the fugitive, who, as was afterwards ascertained, 1. had taken refuge in the chimney! A shot was tired at the crowd by some of the inmates of the hou.s, y1 but, unfortunately, the contents were received by a tr female; also an inmate, who endeavored to preve.t ad this suicidal attempt on the~uart of her countryman Had it not been for the fleeing of the Irish and the expostulations of the mayor, the mob, enraged a. it w as, might have proceeded to great extremites, and Isshot all the Irish in town. a- Sixty-seven abolitionist emigrants, including sen o eral women and children, left Boston on the 29th ul:., [ for l ansas. They were escorted to the depot by a band of music and a procession of their friends. The Mexican Universal is out again strongly in iS favoi of a great Spanish-American alliance, wlhich, 's it sa s, is rendered necessary by the late occurrence Sat Gientown. It says this affair will not be the last of it kind, and that only an alliance can save all Sout t America from the greed of the American union. S Tie Central Texian S8as that the know- nothings ht have organised at Anderson. In ormation has been received at Washington of d the r lease of the bark Sarah Nash, which had been seized on the coast of Africa, by a British cruiser,on supspcion of being engaged in the slave trade. Th. Cairo (Ill.) Times aunounces that tle railroad is ino v completed northward from that town sixty mile to Big Muddy river. The Covington (Ky.)JTournal learns from good au thorily that a contract has been closed with a respona sible company for t a compaletion and equipiamentf the L )uisville and Covington railroad. A erra-cotta manati ory has been established in r Loui.ville, which the 'rfurnal says is doing a very good business, and now employs a considerable nuw b.er o v workmen. La e advices, received at New York, state that the chole'a had ceased at Barbadoes. Eighteen thousand perso s had fallen victims to it. Wi learn from the Toronto Globe that lord Elgin. s at prasent governor general of Canad::, has bieen ap point 'd governor-general of India. Thbi decimal currency law in Canada cane i.to force n the 1st ult. By this law the United Stakes currc icy of dollars and cents is legalised in Canada, the sn'e as shillings aicT ce. Thmnnass Crofton Croker, a popular contributorto the lighter literature of Englana, died at his resi deunce, near London, on the ath llt. Boa ts, shoes and leather, according to the Boiton epaperi, have risenb considerably in value and prices durin the last two months. Di ing a methodist camnp ireeting near Blairsville, a Penne ylvania, on the 27th ult., a fight occurred be tweet a couple of men named Smith anl d Brown. Mr. Bown's nose was bitten completelv off, and he then vew a kllife and stabbed Smith to the heart. tWe seeit stated that the wheat harvest in Canada has in l well secured, and that tiheare never was a finer drop in the part of the province around Toronto, thoug some complaints of d ýimem are made in to - ayor Harper, of the firm of Harper & Broth ers, h s been tendered the nomination of navor of New York by the tcmperance mnet and know nptuf ings. He is a democrat and a methodist. Information has been received at the department of state, Vrasdhineton, from the a . S. consul at Cadizr that it has been hecreed by a royal order that inme' man vessels shall be considered in the ports of tlbi perainisla, and the adjacent islands, as national 'es sela wmth respect to the payment of port and tahig - tion deas, as a measure of reciprocity for lwhat 5 practiced in the ports of the United States ill regard to Spanish vessels arriving from the ports of t.he P insuya and the adjacent islands. In t. Louis, a few days since, a little baoy et into a ard where there was a sow with a litter .f pigs. The animal became infuriated and attacked the bo ,biting him severely on. one of his legs, in the face aid on other portions of his body. Somel on. w.hoh ppened to hear his cries rat to hlis assistance otherw se the boy would have doubtless been killed' His inj rics were so severe that he was sent to thi hoit' 1. WA tsi iTON, SEPT. 5.--Cot'r Hhollins has been 0 I tachedrom the Cyane. The navy cdepartaent bha expres. d regret that he should have been arrest~d' and de lares that it reposes unimpaired conrfidOe in his itness to be entrusted withl the coniluand national ships. The ion. Ebenezer Mosely died suddenly at his reside nab in Newbur yport Massachusetts on the 27th 'elt. Mfr. 'eosel filled a great runny 1tblic t..utt during gis life, and was one of the ol dest mflebet of the Essex bar, from which he retired some yealnt since, THE COTTroN MILLS IN RHODE ISLA-ND.--Tlo Proti dence Jpurnal says that the cotton mills and other mills driven by water power have felt the drought Tseverltly. All the streams are low, and sobte of tri chief . nanufactnring streams are lower than thaey have bepn for years. Many mills are running but a part of the time, and some are entirely still. The suspension of so many looms must have a sensible effect upon the production of goods. The ter. E. T. Bird, of the St. Louis Presbyterian, says he expects, providence permitting, to continue at his post to the first of October, and th us finish out two years of the most oppressive labor he over aim ter-w-eat, and the worst requitted.